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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538688/in-silico-study-and-bioprospection-of-the-antibacterial-and-antioxidant-effects-of-flavone-and-its-hydroxylated-derivatives
#1
Camila de Albuquerque Montenegro, Gregório Fernandes Gonçalves, Abrahão Alves de Oliveira Filho, Andressa Brito Lira, Thays Thyara Mendes Cassiano, Natanael Teles Ramos de Lima, José Maria Barbosa-Filho, Margareth de Fátima Formiga Melo Diniz, Hilzeth Luna Freire Pessôa
Flavonoid compounds are widely used as natural protective species, which can act as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticoagulant, antihypertensive and antitumor agents. This study set out to investigate the probable pharmacological activities, along with the antibacterial and antioxidant effects, of flavone and its hydroxy derivatives: 3-hydroxyflavone, 5-hydroxyflavone and 6-hydroxyflavone. To do so, we investigated their pharmacological characteristics, using in silico tests that indicate likelihood of activity or inactivity, with the PASS online software, and the antimicrobial potential against Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria was also analyzed, including bacteria of clinical importance...
May 24, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536862/mechanisms-of-hepatotoxicity-associated-with-the-monocyclic-%C3%AE-lactam-antibiotic-bal30072
#2
Franziska Paech, Simon Messner, Jochen Spickermann, Mathias Wind, Anne-Hortense Schmitt-Hoffmann, Anne Therese Witschi, Brett A Howell, Rachel J Church, Jeff Woodhead, Marc Engelhardt, Stephan Krähenbühl, Martina Maurer
BAL30072 is a new monocyclic β-lactam antibiotic under development which provides a therapeutic option for the treatment of severe infections caused by multi-drug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria. Despite the absence of liver toxicity in preclinical studies in rats and marmosets and in single dose clinical studies in humans, increased transaminase activities were observed in healthy subjects in multiple-dose clinical studies. We, therefore, initiated a comprehensive program to find out the mechanisms leading to hepatocellular injury using HepG2 cells (human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line), HepaRG cells (inducible hepatocytes derived from a human hepatic progenitor cell line), and human liver microtissue preparations...
May 23, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531975/chemical-manipulation-of-oxygen-vacancy-and-antibacterial-activity-in-zno
#3
Lakshmi Prasanna V, Rajagopalan Vijayaraghavan
Pure and doped ZnO (cation and anion doping) compositions have been designed in order to manipulate oxygen vacancy and antibacterial activity of ZnO. In this connection, we have synthesized and characterized micron sized ZnO, N doped micron sized ZnO, nano ZnO, nano Na and La doped ZnO. The intrinsic vacancies in pure ZnO and the vacancies created by N and Na doping in ZnO have been confirmed by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy(XPS) and Photoluminiscence Spectroscopy(PL). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as hydroxyl radicals, superoxide radicals and H2O2 responsible for antibacterial activity have been estimated by PL, UV-Vis spectroscopy and KMnO4 titrations respectively...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524642/polydatin-reduces-staphylococcus-aureus-lipoteichoic-acid-induced-injury-by-attenuating-reactive-oxygen-species-generation-and-tlr2-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signalling
#4
Gan Zhao, Kangfeng Jiang, Haichong Wu, Changwei Qiu, Ganzhen Deng, Xiuli Peng
Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) causes severe inflammation in various infectious diseases, leading to high mortality. The clinical application of antibiotics has gained a significant curative effect. However, it has led to the emergence of various resistant bacteria. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the protective effect of polydatin (PD), a traditional Chinese medicine extract, on S. aureus lipoteichoic acid (LTA)-induced injury in vitro and in vivo. First, a significant improvement in the pathological conditions of PD in vivo was observed, suggesting that PD had a certain protective effect on LTA-induced injury in a mouse model...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522327/measurement-of-bacterial-capture-and-phagosome-maturation-of-kupffer-cells-by-intravital-microscopy
#5
Bas G J Surewaard, Paul Kubes
It is central to the field of bacterial pathogenesis to define how bacteria are killed by phagocytic cells. During phagocytosis, the microbe is localized to the phagolysosome where crucial defense mechanisms such as acidification and production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are initiated. This process has extensively been studied in vitro, however many resident tissue phagocytes will phenotypically change upon isolation from their natural environment. Therefore, interrogation of phagocytosis and phagosomal function of cells in the context of their natural tissue environment enhances our understanding of the biological process in vivo...
May 15, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518072/in-vivo-investigation-of-antimicrobial-blue-light-therapy-for-multidrug-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-burn-infections-using-bioluminescence-imaging
#6
Yucheng Wang, Olivia D Harrington, Ying Wang, Clinton K Murray, Michael R Hamblin, Tianhong Dai
Burn infections continue to be an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The increasing emergence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria has led to the frequent failure of traditional antibiotic treatments. Alternative therapeutics are urgently needed to tackle MDR bacteria. An innovative non-antibiotic approach, antimicrobial blue light (aBL), has shown promising effectiveness against MDR infections. The mechanism of action of aBL is not yet well understood. It is commonly hypothesized that naturally occurring endogenous photosensitizing chromophores in bacteria (e...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514711/self-assembly-of-dna-porphyrin-hybrid-molecules-for-the-creation-of-antimicrobial-nanonetwork
#7
Rina Kumari, Mohd Imran Khan, Sourav Bhowmick, Kislay K Sinha, Neeladri Das, Prolay Das
DNA derived well-controlled arrangement of porphyrins has emerged as promising hybrid nanostructures. Exceptional biocompatibility and DNA-directed surface addressability coupled with rich symmetry features of the porphyrin have made these hybrid nanostructures attractive candidates for potential biomedical and biotechnological applications. However, the noteworthy photophysical properties of porphyrin and related molecules when present in DNA based nanostructures are yet to be explored fully and should be a matter of intense research that may unearth a plethora of interesting applications of these nanostructures...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512449/antibacterial-potential-of-an-antimicrobial-agent-inspired-by-peroxidase-catalyzed-systems
#8
Lilit Tonoyan, Gerard T A Fleming, Paul H Mc Cay, Ruairi Friel, Vincent O'Flaherty
Antibiotic resistance is an increasingly serious threat to global health. Consequently, the development of non-antibiotic based therapies and disinfectants, which avoid induction of resistance, or cross-resistance, is of high priority. We report the synthesis of a biocidal complex, which is produced by the reaction between ionic oxidizable salts-iodide and thiocyanate-in the presence of hydrogen peroxide as an oxidation source. The reaction generates bactericidal reactive oxygen and iodine species. In this study, we report that the iodo-thiocyanate complex (ITC) is an effective bactericidal agent with activity against planktonic and biofilm cells of Gram-negative (Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511011/iron-hydroperoxide-intermediate-in-superoxide-reductase-protonation-or-dissociation-first-mm-dynamics-and-qm-mm-metadynamics-study
#9
Rolf David, Helene Jamet, Vincent Niviere, Yohann Moreau, Anne Milet
Superoxide reductase is a mononuclear iron enzyme involved in superoxide radical detoxification in some bacteria. Its catalytic mechanism is associated with the remarkable formation of a ferric hydroperoxide Fe3+-OOH intermediate, which is specifically protonated on its proximal oxygen to generate the reaction product H2O2. Here we present a computational study of the protonation mechanism of the Fe3+ OOH intermediate, at different level of theory. This was performed on the whole system (solvated protein) using well-tempered metadynamics at the QM/MM (B3LYP/AmberFF99SB) level...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493985/photodynamic-antimicrobial-chemotherapy-with-the-novel-amino-acid-porphyrin-conjugate-4i-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#10
Yao Yuan, Zi-Quan Liu, Heng Jin, Shi Sun, Tian-Jun Liu, Xue Wang, Hao-Jun Fan, Shi-Ke Hou, Hui Ding
Photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy (PACT), as a novel and effective therapeutic modality to eradicate drug resistant bacteria without provoking multidrug resistance, has attracted increasing attention. This study examined the antimicrobial efficacy of the novel cationic amino acid-porphyrin conjugate 4I with four lysine groups against two different clinical isolated strains (drug sensitive and multidrug resistant) of the Acinetobacter baumannii species and its toxicity on murine dermal fibroblasts in vitro, as well as the therapeutic effect of PACT on acute, potentially lethal multidrug resistant strain excisional wound infections in vivo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493927/protective-effects-and-functional-mechanisms-of-lactobacillus-gasseri-sbt2055-against-oxidative-stress
#11
Eiji Kobatake, Hisako Nakagawa, Takahiro Seki, Tadaaki Miyazaki
Lactobacillus gasseri SBT2055 (LG2055) is one of the probiotic lactic acid bacteria. Recently, we demonstrated that feeding with LG2055 extended the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans and that the prolongevity effect was dependent upon the regulation of oxidative stress response. In this study, we assessed whether LG2055 regulated the oxidative stress response of mammalian cells. In NIH-3T3 cells and primary mouse embryonic fibroblast cells, low cell proliferation rates and high reactive oxygen species levels were observed following paraquat treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492632/photo-assisted-inactivation-of-escherichia-coli-bacteria-by-silver-functionalized-titanate-nanotubes-ag-h2ti2o5%C3%A2-h2o
#12
A Patrón-Soberano, B P Núñez-Luna, S Casas-Flores, A De Las Peñas, R B Domínguez-Espíndola, V Rodríguez-González
One-dimensional titanate nanotubes (H2Ti2O5·H2O) functionalized with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) exhibited unique properties for the effective inactivation of the Gram-negative Escherichia coli within 45 minutes under irradiation using a 65 W halogen lamp. The pathway of the photo-assisted catalytic inactivation was examined by SEM and TEM using a reproducible biological protocol for sample preparations. The membrane integrity of the bacteria was damaged due to the oxidative stress caused by the reactive oxygen species, the bacteriostatic effect of the highly-dispersed-surface AgNPs (∼5 nm) and the sharp nanotube penetration that induced the cell death...
May 11, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491823/comparative-proteomics-reveals-differences-in-host-pathogen-interaction-between-infectious-and-commensal-relationship-with-campylobacter-jejuni
#13
Nieves Ayllón, Ángeles Jiménez-Marín, Héctor Argüello, Sara Zaldívar-López, Margarita Villar, Carmen Aguilar, Angela Moreno, José De La Fuente, Juan J Garrido
Campylobacter jejuni is the leading food-borne poisoning in industrialized countries. While the bacteria causes disease in humans, it merely colonizes the gut in poultry or pigs, where seems to establish a commensal relationship. Until now, few studies have been conducted to elucidate the relationship between C. jejuni and its different hosts. In this work, a comparative proteomics approach was used to identify the underlying mechanisms involved in the divergent outcome following C. jejuni infection in human and porcine host...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488060/arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungi-and-pseudomonas-in-reduce-drought-stress-damage-in-flax-linum-usitatissimum-l-a-field-study
#14
Saeedeh Rahimzadeh, Alireza Pirzad
Drought stress, which is one of the most serious world environmental threats to crop production, might be compensated by some free living and symbiotic soil microorganisms. The physiological response of flax plants to inoculation with two species of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi (Funneliformis mosseae or Rhizophagus intraradices) and a phosphate solubilizing bacterium (Pseudomonas putida P13; PSB) was evaluated under different irrigation regimes (irrigation after 60, 120, and 180 mm of evaporation from Class A pan as well-watered, mild, and severe stress, respectively)...
May 10, 2017: Mycorrhiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480700/biofilm-inhibition-and-elimination-regulated-by-cationic-conjugated-polymers
#15
Pengbo Zhang, Shengliang Li, Hui Chen, Xiaoyu Wang, Libing Liu, Fengting Lv, Shu Wang
In this work, we demonstrate that water-soluble conjugated polymers (PFP) have the ability to inhibit biofilm formation and eradicate mature established biofilm using reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced by PFP under white light irradiation. Upon addition of PFP to planktonic Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), electrostatic interactions bring cationic PFP to the surface of S. aureus, which possesses negative charges. As the amount of PFP coated on S. aureus becomes saturated, the interactions of bacteria to bacteria and bacteria to surface may be disrupted, resulting in reduced biofilm formation...
May 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476007/light-induced-aggregation-of-microbial-exopolymeric-substances
#16
Luni Sun, Chen Xu, Saijin Zhang, Peng Lin, Kathleen A Schwehr, Antonietta Quigg, Meng-Hsuen Chiu, Wei-Chun Chin, Peter H Santschi
Sunlight can inhibit or disrupt the aggregation process of marine colloids via cleavage of high molecular weight compounds into smaller, less stable fragments. In contrast, some biomolecules, such as proteins excreted from bacteria can form aggregates via cross-linking due to photo-oxidation. To examine whether light-induced aggregation can occur in the marine environment, we conducted irradiation experiments on a well-characterized protein-containing exopolymeric substance (EPS) from the marine bacterium Sagitulla stellata...
April 22, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466891/analogues-of-desferrioxamine-b-designed-to-attenuate-iron-mediated-neurodegeneration-synthesis-characterisation-and-activity-in-the-mptp-mouse-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Michael P Gotsbacher, Thomas J Telfer, Paul K Witting, Kay L Double, David I Finkelstein, Rachel Codd
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterised by the death of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) region of the brain and formation of α-synuclein-containing intracellular inclusions. Excess intraneuronal iron in the SNpc increases reactive oxygen species (ROS), which identifies removing iron as a possible therapeutic strategy. Desferrioxamine B (DFOB, 1) is an iron chelator produced by bacteria. Its high Fe(iii) affinity, water solubility and low chronic toxicity is useful in removing iron accumulated in plasma from patients with transfusion-dependent blood disorders...
May 3, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466304/microbial-production-of-glutathione
#18
REVIEW
Maximilian Schmacht, Eric Lorenz, Martin Senz
Glutathione (GSH) is a non-coding tripeptide thiol with several important regulative and protective functions in eukaryotes and in most prokaryotes. The primary function of GSH is to maintain the redox potential of the cell, which is directly connected to GSH concentration, and to prevent cellular damages caused by reactive oxygen species or toxic heavy metals. Due to its antioxidant character, it is widely used in pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food industry. There have been different strategies to optimize GSH yield and productivity in bacteria and yeasts by means of metabolic and evolutionary engineering, media optimization and bioprocess engineering...
June 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464513/phagocyte-activity-in-the-peripheral-blood-of-pregnant-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-in-the-cord-blood-of-their-newborns
#19
Gennady T Sukhikh, Valentina G Safronova, Ludmila V Vanko, Nataliya K Matveeva, Anastasiya S Belyaeva, Ekaterina V Fedorova, Marina A Nikolaeva, Nataliya I Klimenchenko, Lyubov V Krechetova
AIM: To detect faults in phagocytosis in peripheral blood cells of pregnant women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and in cord blood of their newborns. METHODS: Pregnant women fulfilled ≥ 4 American College of Rheumatology criteria for SLE and their newborns were recruited. Pregnant women without SLE and their newborns constituted controls. Phagocytosis and respiratory burst were measured using PHAGOTEST and BURSTTEST kits (Biotechnology GmbH, Germany) on FACSCalibur™ flow cytometer...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463781/visible-and-uva-light-as-a-potential-means-of-preventing-escherichia-coli-biofilm-formation-in-urine-and-on-materials-used-in-urethral-catheters
#20
T L Vollmerhausen, A Conneely, C Bennett, V E Wagner, J C Victor, C P O'Byrne
Catheter-associated urinary tract infections are the most common hospital-acquired infection, for which Escherichia coli is the leading cause. This study investigated the efficacy of 385nm and 420nm light for inactivation of E. coli attached to the silicone matrix of a urinary catheter. Using urine mucin media, inactivation of planktonic bacteria and biofilm formation was monitored using silicone coupons. Continuous irradiance with both 385nm and 420nm wavelengths with starting cell density population 10(3)CFU ml(-1) reduced planktonic suspensions of E...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
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