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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050220/characterization-of-a-novel-androgen-receptor-ar-coregulator-ripk1-and-related-chemicals-that-suppress-ar-mediated-prostate-cancer-growth-via-peptide-and-chemical-screening
#1
Cheng-Lung Hsu, Jai-Shin Liu, Ting-Wei Lin, Ying-Hsu Chang, Yung-Chia Kuo, An-Chi Lin, Huei-Ju Ting, See-Tong Pang, Li-Yu Lee, Wen-Lung Ma, Chun-Cheng Lin, Wen-Guey Wu
Using bicalutamide-androgen receptor (AR) DNA binding domain-ligand binding domain as bait, we observed enrichment of FxxFY motif-containing peptides. Protein database searches revealed the presence of receptor-interacting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1) harboring one FxxFY motif. RIPK1 interacted directly with AR and suppressed AR transactivation in a dose-dependent manner. Domain mapping experiments showed that the FxxFY motif in RIPK1 is critical for interactions with AR and the death domain of RIPK1 plays a crucial role in its inhibitory effect on transactivation...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050026/new-preventive-approaches-part-i-functional-peptides-and-other-therapies-to-prevent-tooth-demineralization
#2
Marília Afonso Rabelo Buzalaf, Juliano Pelim Pessan
The limited effect of fluoride on root caries has prompted the study of new preventive therapies, which involve recently developed functional peptides, lasers, phosphate-based technologies, among several other approaches. Most of the specific peptides currently investigated have been developed based on the available information related to the protective action of salivary proteins, including statherin-derived peptides. Other peptides include 8DSS, self-assembling peptide P11-4, antimicrobial peptides, and casein phosphopeptides combined with amorphous calcium phosphate...
2017: Monographs in Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049134/in-trauma-patients-the-occurrence-of-early-onset-nosocomial-infections-is-associated-with-increased-plasma-concentrations-of-chromogranin-a
#3
Francis Schneider, Céline Marban, Gharib Ajob, Sophie Helle, Max Guillot, Anne Launoy, Quentin Maestraggi, Francesco Scavello, Olivier Rohr, Marie-Hélène Metz-Boutigue
In previously healthy persons suffering from acute illnesses, nosocomial infections are frequent. Their prevalence suggests the existence of as yet unknown conditions that may promote care-related infection. This study assessed whether 1) the measurement of plasma chromogranin A, a stress-related protein involved in innate defence, is related to nosocomial infection risk and 2) whether any chromogranin-A-derived fragment included in vasostatin-I displays immunosuppressive activities related to AP-1 or NF-kappa B down regulation...
October 18, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048978/antitumor-effect-of-oral-cancer-vaccine-with-bifidobacterium-delivering-wt1-protein-to-gut-immune-system-is-superior-to-wt1-peptide-vaccine
#4
Toshiro Shirakawa, Koichi Kitagawa
Despite the revolutionary progress of immune checkpoint inhibitors (CPIs) for cancer immunotherapy, CPIs are effective only in a subset of patients. Combining CPIs and cancer vaccines to achieve better clinical outcomes is a reasonable approach since CPI enhances cancer vaccine-induced tumor-associated antigen (TAA) specific CTL. Among the various TAAs so far identified, WT1 protein is one of the most promising TAAs as a cancer vaccine target. Until now clinical trials of WT1 vaccine have demonstrated only modest clinical efficacy...
October 19, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048799/-high-sensitive-detection-of-multiple-allergenic-proteins-in-infant-food-with-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#5
Ci Wu, Xi Chen, Jianhui Liu, Xiaolin Zhang, Weifeng Xue, Zhen Liang, Mengyao Liu, Yan Cui, Daliang Huang, Lihua Zhang
A novel method of the simultaneous detection of multiple kinds of allergenic proteins in infant food with parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) mode using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was established. In this method, unique peptides with good stability and high sensibility were used to quantify the corresponding allergenic proteins. Furthermore, multiple kinds of allergenic proteins are inspected simultaneously with high sensitivity. In addition, such method was successfully used for the detection of multiple allergenic proteins in infant food...
October 8, 2017: Se Pu, Chinese Journal of Chromatography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048567/green-fruited-solanum-habrochaites-lacks-fruit-specific-carotenogenesis-due-to-metabolic-and-structural-blocks
#6
Himabindu Vasuki Kilambi, Kalyani Manda, Avanish Rai, Chaitanya Charakana, Jayram Bagri, Rameshwar Sharma, Yellamaraju Sreelakshmi, Christine Raines
Members of the tomato clade exhibit a wide diversity in fruit color, but the mechanisms governing inter-species diversity of coloration are largely unknown. The carotenoid profiles, carotenogenic gene expression and proteome profiles of green-fruited Solanum habrochaites (SH), orange-fruited S. galapagense, and red-fruited S. pimpinellifolium were compared with cultivated tomato [S. lycopersicum cv. Ailsa Craig (SL)] to decipher the molecular basis of coloration diversity. Green-fruited SH, though it showed normal expression of chromoplast-specific phytoene synthase1 and lycopene β-cyclase genes akin to orange/red-fruited species, failed to accumulate lycopene and β-carotene...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048423/identification-of-cross-talk-between-sumoylation-and-ubiquitylation-using-a-sequential-peptide-immunopurification-approach
#7
Francis P McManus, Frédéric Lamoliatte, Pierre Thibault
Ubiquitin and ubiquitin-like modifiers (UBLs) such as small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) can act as antagonists to one another by competing to occupy similar residues in the proteome. In addition, SUMO and ubiquitin can be coupled to each other at key lysine residues to form highly branched protein networks. The interplay between these modifications governs important biological processes such as double-strand break repair and meiotic recombination. We recently developed an approach that permits the identification of proteins that are modified by both SUMOylation and ubiquitylation...
November 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048250/inhibition-of-abeta-proteotoxicity-by-paeoniflorin-in-i-caenorhabditis-elegans-i-through-regulation-of-oxidative-and-heat-shock-stress-responses
#8
Liping Ai, Fan Yang, Jie Song, Yan Chen, Lingyun Xiao, Qiangqiang Wang, Liangyi Wang, Haifeng Li, Tao Lei, Zebo Huang
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a common form of dementia and amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) aggregation is considered to be one of its main causes. Paeoniflorin has been previously shown to attenuate cognitive damage inflicted by exogenous Aβ protein. Using transgenic <i>Caenorhabditis elegans</i> models expressing human Aβ1-42, we demonstrate here that paeoniflorin can delay progressive paralysis caused by endogenous Aβ expression and reduce the amount of toxic Aβ oligomers in vivo although it has no effect on Aβ aggregation <i>in vitro</i>...
October 19, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047383/a-novel-small-molecule-inhibitor-of-p32-mitochondrial-protein-overexpressed-in-glioma
#9
Venkata Yenugonda, Natsuko Nomura, Valentina Kouznetsova, Igor Tsigelny, Valentina Fogal, Elmar Nurmemmedov, Santosh Kesari, Ivan Babic
BACKGROUND: The mitochondrial protein p32 is a validated therapeutic target of cancer overexpressed in glioma. Therapeutic targeting of p32 with monoclonal antibody or p32-binding LyP-1 tumor-homing peptide can limit tumor growth. However, these agents do not specifically target mitochondrial-localized p32 and would not readily cross the blood-brain barrier to target p32-overexpressing gliomas. Identifying small molecule inhibitors of p32 overexpressed in cancer is a more rational therapeutic strategy...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047268/lc-ms-analysis-reveals-hydrolysed-gluten-in-beers-crafted-to-remove-gluten
#10
Michelle L Colgrave, Keren Byrne, Crispin A Howitt
During brewing gluten proteins may be solubilised, modified, complexed, hydrolysed and/or precipitate. Gluten fragments that persist in conventional beers render them unsuitable for people with coeliac disease (CD) or gluten-intolerance. Barley-based beers crafted to remove gluten using proprietary precipitation and/or application of enzymes, e.g. prolyl endopeptidases (PEP) that degrade the proline-rich gluten molecules, are available commercially. Gluten measurement in fermented products remains controversial...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047165/opus-csf-a-c-atom-based-scoring-function-for-ranking-protein-structural-models
#11
Gang Xu, Tianqi Ma, Tianwu Zang, Qinghua Wang, Jianpeng Ma
We report a C-atom-based scoring function, named OPUS-CSF, for ranking protein structural models. Rather than using traditional Boltzmann formula, we built a scoring function (CSF score) based on the native distributions (derived from the entire PDB) of coordinate components of mainchain C (carbonyl) atoms on selected residues of peptide segments of 5, 7, 9, and 11 residues in length. In testing OPUS-CSF on decoy recognition, it maximally recognized 257 native structures out of 278 targets in 11 commonly used decoy sets, significantly more than other popular all-atom empirical potentials...
October 19, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047110/cytoskeleton-and-ecm-tumor-mutant-peptides-increased-protease-sensitivities-and-potential-consequences-for-the-hla-class-i-mutant-epitope-reservoir
#12
Blake M Callahan, Jay S Patel, Timothy J Fawcett, George Blanck
Cytoskeleton and extracellular matrix-related proteins (CECMPs) represent the most common class of cancer mutants, owing to the large size of their coding regions and the randomness of mutagenesis. We used a bioinformatics approach to assess the impact of amino acid (AA) substitutions on the sensitivity of CECMPs to proteases relevant to melanoma; and on the binding affinities for HLA class I. CECMP peptides with AA substitutions overwhelmingly reflect increased sensitivity to proteases implicated in melanoma development (MME, CTSS, MMP2, CTSD, CTSL) in comparison to the wild type peptide sequences...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046814/emergence-and-loss-of-spliceosomal-twin-introns
#13
Michel Flipphi, Norbert Ág, Levente Karaffa, Napsugár Kavalecz, Gustavo Cerqueira, Claudio Scazzocchio, Erzsébet Fekete
BACKGROUND: In the primary transcript of nuclear genes, coding sequences-exons-usually alternate with non-coding sequences-introns. In the evolution of spliceosomal intron-exon structure, extant intron positions can be abandoned and new intron positions can be occupied. Spliceosomal twin introns ("stwintrons") are unconventional intervening sequences where a standard "internal" intron interrupts a canonical splicing motif of a second, "external" intron. The availability of genome sequences of more than a thousand species of fungi provides a unique opportunity to study spliceosomal intron evolution throughout a whole kingdom by means of molecular phylogenetics...
2017: Fungal Biology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046394/recombinant-human-islet-amyloid-polypeptide-forms-shorter-fibrils-and-mediates-%C3%AE-cell-apoptosis-via-generation-of-oxidative-stress
#14
Richa Dubey, Pooja Minj, Nikita Malik, Devika M Sardesai, Shruti H Kulkarni, Jhankar D Acharya, Neel S Bhavesh, Shilpy Sharma, Ashutosh Kumar
Protein aggregation play an important role in many human diseases including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Human islet amyloid polypeptide (hIAPP) forms amyloid plaques in pancreas of T2DM subjects that are involved in deteriorating islet function and in mediating β- cell apoptosis. However, the detailed mechanism of action, structure and nature of toxic hIAPP species responsible for this effect remains elusive till date mainly due to the high cost associated with the chemical synthesis of pure peptide required for these studies...
October 18, 2017: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046389/the-antibody-repertoire-of-colorectal-cancer
#15
Seong Won Cha, Stefano Bonissone, Seungjin Na, Pavel A Pevzner, Vineet Bafna
Immunotherapy is becoming increasingly important in the fight against cancers, utilizing and manipulating the body's immune response to treat tumors. Understanding the immune repertoire - the collection of immunological proteins - of treated and untreated cells is possible at the genomic, but technically difficult at the protein level. Standard protein databases do not include the highly divergent sequences of somatic rearranged immunoglobulin genes, and may lead to missed identifications in a mass spectrometry search...
October 18, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046354/evidence-for-a-conserved-inhibitory-binding-mode-between-the-membrane-fusion-assembly-factors-munc18-and-syntaxin-in-animals
#16
Czuee Morey, C Nickias Kienle, Tobias H Klöpper, Pawel Burkhardt, Dirk Fasshauer
The membrane fusion necessary for vesicle trafficking is driven by the assembly of heterologous SNARE proteins orchestrated by the binding of Sec1/Munc18 (SM) proteins to specific syntaxin SNARE proteins. However, the precise mode of interaction between SM proteins and SNAREs is debated, as contrasting binding modes have been found for different members of the SM protein family, including the three vertebrate Munc18 isoforms. While different binding modes could be necessary given their roles in different secretory processes in different tissues, the structural similarity of the three isoforms makes this divergence perplexing...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046335/molecular-basis-for-inner-kinetochore-configuration-through-rwd-domain-peptide-interactions
#17
Florian Schmitzberger, Magdalena M Richter, Yuliya Gordiyenko, Carol V Robinson, Michał Dadlez, Stefan Westermann
Kinetochores are dynamic cellular structures that connect chromosomes to microtubules. They form from multi-protein assemblies that are evolutionarily conserved between yeasts and humans. One of these assemblies-COMA-consists of subunits Ame1(CENP-U), Ctf19(CENP-P), Mcm21(CENP-O) and Okp1(CENP-Q) A description of COMA molecular organization has so far been missing. We defined the subunit topology of COMA, bound with inner kinetochore proteins Nkp1 and Nkp2, from the yeast Kluyveromyces lactis, with nanoflow electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, and mapped intermolecular contacts with hydrogen-deuterium exchange coupled to mass spectrometry...
October 18, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046292/identification-of-ut-a1-and-aqp2-interacting-proteins-in-rat-inner-medullary-collecting-duct
#18
Chung-Lin Chou, Gloria Hwang, Daniel J Hageman, Lichy Han, Prashasti Agrawal, Trairak Pisitkun, Mark A Knepper
The urea channel UT-A1 and the water channel aquaporin-2 (AQP2) mediate vasopressin-regulated transport in the renal inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD). To identify the proteins that interact with UT-A1 and AQP2 in native rat IMCD cells, we carried out chemical cross-linking followed by detergent solubilization, immunoprecipitation, and LC-MS/MS analysis of the immunoprecipitated material. The analyses revealed 133 UT-A1-interacting proteins and 139 AQP2-interacting proteins, each identified in multiple replicates...
October 18, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045898/peptidoglycan-sensing-receptors-trigger-the-formation-of-functional-amyloids-of-the-adaptor-protein-imd-to-initiate-drosophila-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling
#19
Anni Kleino, Nancy F Ramia, Gunes Bozkurt, Yanfang Shen, Himani Nailwal, Jing Huang, Johanna Napetschnig, Monique Gangloff, Francis Ka-Ming Chan, Hao Wu, Jixi Li, Neal Silverman
In the Drosophila immune response, bacterial derived diaminopimelic acid-type peptidoglycan binds the receptors PGRP-LC and PGRP-LE, which through interaction with the adaptor protein Imd leads to activation of the NF-κB homolog Relish and robust antimicrobial peptide gene expression. PGRP-LC, PGRP-LE, and Imd each contain a motif with some resemblance to the RIP Homotypic Interaction Motif (RHIM), a domain found in mammalian RIPK proteins forming functional amyloids during necroptosis. Here we found that despite sequence divergence, these Drosophila cryptic RHIMs formed amyloid fibrils in vitro and in cells...
October 17, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045787/mechanistic-origin-of-the-combined-effect-of-surfaces-and-mechanical-agitation-on-amyloid-formation
#20
Fulvio Grigolato, Claudio Colombo, Raffaele Ferrari, Lenka Rezabkova, Paolo Arosio
Interactions between proteins and surfaces in combination with hydrodynamic flow and mechanical agitation can often trigger the conversion of soluble peptides and proteins into aggregates, including amyloid fibrils. Despite the extensive literature on the empirical effects of surfaces and mechanical forces on the formation of amyloids, the molecular details of the mechanisms underlying this behavior are still elusive. This limitation is, in part, due to the complex reaction network underlying the formation of amyloids, where several microscopic reactions of nucleation and growth can occur both at the interfaces and in bulk...
October 18, 2017: ACS Nano
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