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Chronic pain in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231072/total-pancreatectomy-with-islet-autotransplantation-resolves-pain-in-young-children-with-severe-chronic-pancreatitis
#1
Melena D Bellin, Gregory P Forlenza, Kaustav Majumder, Megan Berger, Martin L Freeman, Gregory J Beilman, Ty B Dunn, Timothy L Pruett, Michael Murati, Joshua J Wilhelm, Marie Cook, David E R Sutherland, Sarah J Schwarzenberg, Srinath Chinnakotla
OBJECTIVES: Fear of diabetes and major surgery may prohibit referral of young children severely affected by pancreatitis for total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplant (TPIAT). We evaluated outcomes in our youngest TPIAT recipients, 3 to 8 years of age at surgery. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for 17 children (9 girls) ages 8 years or younger undergoing TPIAT from 2000 to 2014. Most (14/17) had genetic risk factors for pancreatitis. Since 2006, TPIAT recipients were followed prospectively with health questionnaires including assessments of pain and narcotic use, and scheduled hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and mixed-meal tolerance tests (6 mL/kg Boost HP) before surgery, and at regular intervals after...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221266/body-mass-index-and-the-association-with-vaso-occlusive-crises-in-pediatric-sickle-cell-disease
#2
Andrea Zivot, Nataly Apollonsky, Edward Gracely, Deepti Raybagkar
BACKGROUND: Children with sickle cell disease (SCD) historically have been underweight and have poor overall growth. Recent studies have demonstrated a trend toward obesity in pediatric SCD populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through retrospective chart review of patients with SCD followed at our center, we collected patient's data, including body mass index (BMI), weight percentiles, sickle cell genotype, baseline hemoglobin, medical and psychiatric comorbidities, 25-hydroxy vitamin D level, treatment with hydroxyurea, and chronic transfusions...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217146/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-mindfulness-for-health-related-quality-of-life-comparing-treatments-for-parents-of-children-with-chronic-conditions-a-pilot-feasibility-study
#3
Malin Anclair, Fredrik Hjärthag, Arto Juhani Hiltunen
BACKGROUND: Research on parents of children with chronic conditions has shown that this parent group frequently suffers from psychological problems such as deteriorating life quality and stress-related disorders. OBJECTIVE: The present feasibility study focuses on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) and life satisfaction of parents of children with chronic conditions. METHOD: The study was conducted using a repeated measures design and applied either group-based cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT; n = 10) or a group-based mindfulness programme (MF; n = 9)...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213342/virtual-visits-for-acute-nonurgent-care-a-claims-analysis-of-episode-level-utilization
#4
Aliza S Gordon, Wallace C Adamson, Andrea R DeVries
BACKGROUND: Expansion of virtual health care-real-time video consultation with a physician via the Internet-will continue as use of mobile devices and patient demand for immediate, convenient access to care grow. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to analyze the care provided and the cost of virtual visits over a 3-week episode compared with in-person visits to retail health clinics (RHC), urgent care centers (UCC), emergency departments (ED), or primary care physicians (PCP) for acute, nonurgent conditions...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202185/pediatric-colonic-volvulus-a-single-institution-experience-and-review
#5
REVIEW
Sami Tannouri, Aditi Hendi, Elizabeth Gilje, Leslie Grissom, Douglas Katz
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pediatric colonic volvulus is both rare and underreported. Existing literature consists only of case reports and small series. We present an analysis of cases (n=11) over 15 years at a single institution, focusing on workup and diagnosis. METHODS: This was an institutional review board approved single-institution retrospective chart review of 11 cases of large bowel volvulus occurring over 15 years (2000-2015). RESULTS: In our series, the most common presenting symptoms were abdominal pain and distention...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190896/yoga-and-other-meditative-movement-therapies-to-reduce-chronic-pain
#6
Allison Achilefu, Kunal Joshi, Megan Meier, Laine H McCarthy
CLINICAL QUESTION: In adults with chronic pain, do yoga and other meditative movement therapies to improvement in chronic pain symptoms? ANSWER: Yes. However, in each of the studies reviewed, yoga classes were included as part of the pain management regime, sometimes alone and sometimes in tandem with DVDs or audiotapes. We feel that no exercise therapy program should be undertaken without professional coaching from certified, registered and qualified instructors...
January 2017: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187061/bronchopulmonary-disease-caused-by-flagellated-protozoa-infection-in-15-chinese-children
#7
Jinrong Liu, Shaogang Li, Huimin Li, Yimu Fan, Haiming Yang, Hui Xu, Yuelin Shen, Shunying Zhao
BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary disease caused by flagellated protozoa infection (BPFP) is thought to be rare in children but may be an emerging or underestimated disease, especially in developing countries. METHODS: In this study, we retrospectively reviewed records of 15 patients who presented with a cough, wheezing, or bronchopulmonary disease of unknown causes at admission and were finally diagnosed with BPFP from January 2014 to January 2015 were enrolled. Protozoa were observed in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid by light microscopy...
December 13, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182834/the-impact-of-moving-from-a-widespread-to-multi-site-pain-definition-on-other-fibromyalgia-symptoms
#8
Linda E Dean, Lesley Arnold, Leslie Crofford, Robert Bennett, Don Goldenberg, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles, Eduardo S Paiva, Roland Staud, Dan Clauw, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini, Gareth T Jones, Abimbola Ayorinde, Elisa Fluß, Marcus Beasley, Gary J Macfarlane
OBJECTIVES: The current study investigated whether associations between pain and the additional symptoms associated with fibromyalgia are different in persons with chronic widespread (CWP) compared to multi-site pain (MSP), with or without joint areas. PATIENTS/METHODS: Six studies were utilized: 1958 British birth cohort, EpiFunD, Kid LBP, MUSICIAN, SHAMA and WHEST (females) studies. MSP was defined as the presence of pain in ≥8/≥10 body sites (adults/children) indicated on 4-view body manikins; conducted firstly to include joints (+joints) and secondly without (-joints)...
February 9, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170093/topical-treatments-for-blepharokeratoconjunctivitis-in-children
#9
REVIEW
Michael O'Gallagher, Catey Bunce, Melanie Hingorani, Frank Larkin, Stephen Tuft, Annegret Dahlmann-Noor
BACKGROUND: Blepharokeratoconjunctivitis (BKC) is a type of inflammation of the surface of the eye and eyelids that involves changes of the eyelids, dysfunction of the meibomian glands, and inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea. Chronic inflammation of the cornea can lead to scarring, vascularisation and opacity. BKC in children can cause significant symptoms including irritation, watering, photophobia and loss of vision from corneal opacity, refractive error or amblyopia.Treatment of BKC is directed towards modification of meibomian gland disease and the bacterial flora of lid margin and conjunctiva, and control of ocular surface inflammation...
February 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169971/health-related-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-living-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#10
Sarah Jane Schwarzenberg, Simon C Ling, Yona Keich Cloonan, Hsing-Hua S Lin, Donna M Evon, Karen F Murray, Norberto Rodriguez-Baez, Philip Rosenthal, Jeffrey Teckman, Kathleen B Schwarz
OBJECTIVES: To determine if selected socio-demographic and HBV-specific clinical factors are associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among pediatric patients chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). METHODS: Children with chronic HBV enrolled in the Hepatitis B Research Network completed the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) at study entry. Caregivers of children 5- < 10 years completed the parent-reported PF50; youth 10- < 18 years completed the child-reported CF87...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165415/evidence-based-psychological-interventions-for-the-management-of-pediatric-chronic-pain-new-directions-in-research-and-clinical-practice
#11
REVIEW
Rachael Coakley, Tessa Wihak
Over the past 20 years our knowledge about evidence-based psychological interventions for pediatric chronic pain has dramatically increased. Overall, the evidence in support of psychological interventions for pediatric chronic pain is strong, demonstrating positive psychological and behavioral effects for a variety of children with a range of pain conditions. However, wide scale access to effective psychologically-based pain management treatments remains a challenge for many children who suffer with pain. Increasing access to care and reducing persistent biomedical biases that inhibit attainment of psychological services are a central focus of current pain treatment interventions...
February 4, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162751/-500-injustice-perceptions-predict-future-functioning-in-children-with-chronic-pain
#12
M Miller, E Scott, Z Trost, A Hirsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162401/-106-children-s-somatization-inventory-factor-structure-and-clinical-reference-points-in-pediatric-chronic-pain
#13
M Basch, S Perlo, L Walker, L Simons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162359/-549-the-effects-of-acupuncture-on-quality-of-life-over-time-in-children-with-chronic-abdominal-pain
#14
S Wrona, K Lemanek, A Lee, L Chun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161474/the-impact-of-parental-modeling-on-child-pain-responses-the-role-of-parent-and-child-sex
#15
Katelynn E Boerner, Christine T Chambers, Patrick J McGrath, Vincent LoLordo, Rudolf Uher
: Social modeling is a process by which pain behaviours are learned, and research has found parents act as models for their children's behaviour. Despite social learning theory predicting that same-sex models have greater impact, no experimental investigation to date has examined the role of sex of the model or observer in social learning of pediatric pain. The present study recruited 168 parent-child dyads (equal father-son, father-daughter, mother-son, and mother-daughter dyads) where children were generally healthy 6- to 8-year-olds...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151835/predictors-of-the-transition-from-acute-to-persistent-musculoskeletal-pain-in-children-and-adolescents-a-prospective-study
#16
Amy Lewandowski Holley, Anna C Wilson, Tonya M Palermo
Strategies directed at the prevention of disabling pain have been suggested as a public health priority, making early identification of youth at risk for poor outcomes critical. At present, limited information is available to predict which youth presenting with acute pain are at risk for persistence. The aims of this prospective longitudinal study were to identify biopsychosocial factors in the acute period that predict the transition to persistent pain in youth with new-onset musculoskeletal (MSK) pain complaints...
December 22, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149664/when-arthralgia-is-not-arthritis
#17
Juan Politei, Graciela Remondino, Ricardo Heguilen, Eric Wallace, Consuelo Durand, Andrea Schenone
The presence of distal extremity pain in children and adolescents usually triggers the search of rheumatologic diseases without considering non-rheumatologic causes of joint pain. Approaching distal extremity pain with a complete differential diagnosis, including non-rheumatologic entities, may hasten diagnosis, thus decreasing cost and aiding in earlier initiation of appropriate therapy. To present a case of a patient who after years of work up of arthralgia, which was actually attributed to rheumatologic causes, had an inherited metabolic disease...
December 2016: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146108/acceptance%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-commitment%C3%A2-therapy%C3%A2-for%C3%A2-pediatric%C3%A2-chronic%C3%A2-pain-%C3%A2-theory%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-application
#18
REVIEW
Melissa Pielech, Kevin E Vowles, Rikard Wicksell
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a third wave behavior therapy approach which aims to increase engagement in activities that bring meaning, vitality, and value to the lives of individuals experiencing persistent pain, discomfort, or distress. This goal is particularly relevant when these aversive experiences cannot be effectively avoided or when avoidance efforts risk their exacerbation, all of which may be common experiences in children and adolescents with chronic pain conditions. The primary aim of the present paper is to review and summarize the extant literature on the application, utility, and evidence for using ACT with pediatric chronic pain populations by: (1) defining the theoretical assumptions of the ACT model; (2) summarizing research study findings and relevant measures from the published literature; and (3) critically discussing the strengths, limitations and areas in need of further development...
January 30, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131633/factors-predicting-malignancy-in-adult%C3%A2-intussusception-an-experience-in%C3%A2-university-affiliated-hospitals
#19
Jong Wan Kim, Bong Hwa Lee, Sung Gil Park, Byung Chun Kim, Samuel Lee, Sang-Jeon Lee
BACKGROUND: Intussusception is one of the common causes of intestinal obstruction in children but is uncommon in adults. Unlike pediatric intussusception, most adult cases have a demonstrable etiology. The purpose of this study was to review our experience of adult intussusception and to identify the predictive factors for malignancy in this disease. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who were diagnosed with intussusception and admitted to the six Hallym University-affiliated hospitals between January 2005 and July 2016...
January 25, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129219/the-transition-from-acute-to-chronic-pain-in-children-novel-pieces-of-the-puzzle
#20
Michael S Rathleff, Thomas Graven-Nielsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2017: Pain
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