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Chronic pain in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321104/neurectomy-for-anterior-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-in-children
#1
Lindsey B Armstrong, Pradeep Dinakar, David P Mooney
INTRODUCTION: Anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome (ACNES) is an underrecognized etiology of chronic abdominal pain that causes great morbidity to those affected. We sought to determine the outcome of neurectomy for ACNES in children. METHODS: Demographic and clinical data on children who underwent neurectomy for ACNES by a single surgeon from 10/2011 to 01/2017 were reviewed. RESULTS: Twenty-six patients underwent neurectomy for ACNES...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321017/influence-of-the-child-s-perceived-general-health-on-the-primary-caregiver-s-health-status
#2
Janine Verstraete, Lebogang Ramma, Jennifer Jelsma
BACKGROUND: In estimating the impact of an intervention, ignoring the effect of improving the health of one member of the caregiver/child dyad on the Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) of the other member may lead to an underestimation of the utility gained. This may be particularly true for infants/young children and their caregivers. The aim of this study was to quantify the interaction between the child's perceived general health as assessed by the newly developed Toddler and Infant Questionnaire (TANDI) on the reporting of the caregiver's own HRQoL as assessed by the EQ-5D-3 L...
January 10, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319458/efficacy-of-self-hypnosis-on-quality-of-life-for-children-with-chronic-pain-syndrome
#3
Honorine Delivet, Sophie Dugue, Alexis Ferrari, Silvia Postone, Souhayl Dahmani
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of self-hypnosis in a therapeutic education program (TEP) for the management of chronic pain in 26 children aged 7 to 17 years. Outcomes of the study were a total or a partial (at least 1) achievement of the therapeutic goals (pain, quality of sleeping, schooling, and functional activity). Sixteen patients decreased their pain intensity, 10 reached all of their therapeutic goals, and 9 reached them partially. Self-hypnosis was the only component of the TEP associated with these improvements...
January 2018: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316583/-foreign-body-ingestion-a-rare-cause-of-abdominal-pain
#4
Philipp Kasper, Fabian Kütting, Hans Anton Schlößer, Stefan Paul Mönig, Tobias Goeser, Natalie Jaspers
HISTORY AND FINDINGS UPON ADMISSION:  A 50-year-old man presented at the emergency unit with abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant and dysuria. He described an increase in pain during micturition. EXAMINATIONS:  After multiple examinations (CT-scan, MR-scan, ileocolonoscopy) were performed to no avail, a toothpick was detected in the terminal ileum during an ultrasound scan of the small intestine. Prompted elevation of intra-abdominal pressure led to migration of the radiolucent sharp foreign body into the wall of the urinary bladder, inducing pain...
January 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314737/airway-inflammation-in-sickle-cell-disease-a-translational-perspective
#5
REVIEW
Aliva De, Deepa Manwani, Deepa Rastogi
Asthma and sickle cell disease (SCD) are common chronic conditions in children of African ancestry that are characterized by cough, wheeze, and obstructive patterns on pulmonary function. Pulmonary function testing in children with SCD has estimated a prevalence of obstructive lung disease ranging from 13% to 57%, and airway hyper-responsiveness of up to 77%, independent of a diagnosis of asthma. Asthma co-existing with SCD is associated with increased risk of acute chest syndrome (ACS), respiratory symptoms, pain episodes, and death...
January 4, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304243/hyperexcitability-of-the-central-nervous-system-in-children-with-chronic-pain-a-systematic-review
#6
Roselien Pas, Kelly Ickmans, Sophie Van Oosterwijck, Kelly Van der Cruyssen, Anthe Foubert, Laurence Leysen, Jo Nijs, Mira Meeus
Objective: Hyperexcitability of the central nervous system plays an important role in the development and maintenance of chronic pain in adults. This knowledge has led to improved treatment strategies within this population. In children, however, research on the presence of central hyperexcitability is scarce. To further investigate this topic in children with chronic pain, there is a need for a clear literature overview. Design: Systematic review. Methods: The literature search was performed using the electronic databases PubMed and Web of Science...
January 2, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287595/dealing-with-chronic-non-bacterial-osteomyelitis-a-practical-approach
#7
REVIEW
Andrea Taddio, Giovanna Ferrara, Antonella Insalaco, Manuela Pardeo, Massimo Gregori, Martina Finetti, Serena Pastore, Alberto Tommasini, Alessandro Ventura, Marco Gattorno
BACKGROUND: Chronic Non-Bacterial Osteomyelitis (CNO) is an inflammatory disorder that primarily affects children. Although underestimated, its incidence is rare. For these reasons, no diagnostic and no therapeutic guidelines exist. The manuscript wants to give some suggestions on how to deal with these patients in the every-day clinical practice. MAIN BODY: CNO is characterized by insidious onset of bone pain with local swelling. Systemic symptoms such as fever, skin involvement and arthritis may be sometimes present...
December 29, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279787/acute-chest-syndrome-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease
#8
REVIEW
Shilpa Jain, Nitya Bakshi, Lakshmanan Krishnamurti
Acute chest syndrome (ACS) is a frequent cause of acute lung disease in children with sickle cell disease (SCD). Patients may present with ACS or may develop this complication during the course of a hospitalization for acute vaso-occlusive crises (VOC). ACS is associated with prolonged hospitalization, increased risk of respiratory failure, and the potential for developing chronic lung disease. ACS in SCD is defined as the presence of fever and/or new respiratory symptoms accompanied by the presence of a new pulmonary infiltrate on chest X-ray...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261401/prevalence-of-and-comorbid-health-conditions-associated-with-pediatric-prescription-opioid-use-in-the-us
#9
Souvik Banerjee, Carl L Roland, Richard Willke, Jack Mardekian, Louis P Garrison
Prescription opioids are among the most effective analgesics to treat moderate to severe pain; however, little is known about the use of prescription opioids in children, particularly those receiving an extended-release formulation for the treatment of chronic pain. In this retrospective study, the authors determined the prevalence of prescription opioid use among 7-17-year-old children and associated comorbid health conditions from 2010 to 2013 using Truven Health MarketScan (MarketScan) and Optum Clinformatics DataMart (Optum)...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Pain & Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260510/interventions-for-managing-taste-disturbances
#10
REVIEW
Sumanth Kumbargere Nagraj, Renjith P George, Naresh Shetty, David Levenson, Debra M Ferraiolo, Ashish Shrestha
BACKGROUND: The sense of taste is very much essential to the overall health of an individual. It is a necessary component to enjoy one's food, which in turn provides nutrition to an individual. Any disturbance in taste perception can hamper quality of life in such patients by influencing their appetite, body weight and psychological well-being. Taste disorders have been treated using different modalities of treatment and there is no consensus for the best intervention. Hence this Cochrane Review was undertaken...
December 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258354/coping-strategies-and-emotional-well-being-in-children-with-disease-related-pain
#11
Alessandro Failo, Sarah E Beals-Erickson, Paola Venuti
Disease-related pain and the consequences of pain in children and families are important areas for further research inquiry. There are limited data on the relationship between children's emotional well-being, their experience of pain, and the strategies they employ to cope with pain within the context of serious medical illnesses. Understanding what strategies chronically ill children use to cope with pain and stress is essential for clinical intervention. This observational study examined the ways that children and adolescents with chronic diseases cope with pain and adapt to illness...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243034/application-of-pyridostigmine-in-pediatric-gastrointestinal-motility-disorders-a-case-series
#12
Mhd Louai Manini, Michael Camilleri, Rayna Grothe, Carlo Di Lorenzo
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders are common in children. Treatment is challenging with limited medical and surgical options. Pyridostigmine, an acetyl cholinesterase inhibitor, increases acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction promoting intestinal contractions. Little is known about the role and dosing of pyridostigmine in pediatric GI motility disorders. METHODS: We present a case series of children with GI dysmotility managed with oral pyridostigmine...
December 14, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242180/development-and-usability-evaluation-of-an-art-and-narrative-based-knowledge-translation-tool-for-parents-with-a-child-with-pediatric-chronic-pain-multi-method-study
#13
Kathy Reid, Lisa Hartling, Samina Ali, Anne Le, Allison Norris, Shannon D Scott
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain in childhood is increasingly being recognized as a significant clinical problem for children and their families. Previous research has identified that families want information about the causes of their child's chronic pain, treatment options, and effective strategies to help their child cope with the pain. Unfortunately, parents have reported that finding this information can be challenging. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to actively work together with children attending a pediatric chronic pain clinic and their parents to develop, refine, and evaluate the usability of an art and narrative-based electronic book (e-book) for pediatric chronic pain...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233628/xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-in-a-paediatric-cohort-1963-2016-outcomes-from-a-large-single-center-series
#14
I Stoica, F O'Kelly, M B McDermott, F M J Quinn
BACKGROUND: Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is an uncommon chronic destructive granulomatous inflammation of the kidney. It was first described in 1916, and is thought to affect 6/1000 cases of pyelonephritis. Its manifestations are varied, and with a limited number of cases in the literature, the optimal diagnosis and management of XGP in the paediatric cohort is still unknown. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The medical records of children who were diagnosed and treated for XGP at the current unit during the period 1963-2016, inclusive, were retrospectively reviewed...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230955/diagnostic-value-of-cell-bound-and-circulating-neutrophil-antibody-detection-in-pediatric-neutropenia
#15
Laura Porretti, Piero Farruggia, Federico Simone Colombo, Alessandra Cattaneo, Roberta Ghilardi, Nadia Mirra, Lucia Dora Notarangelo, Baldassarre Martire, Elena Trombetta, Silvano Milani, Claudia Vener, Paolo Rebulla
BACKGROUND: Chronic benign neutropenia of infancy includes primary autoimmune neutropenia (pAIN) and chronic idiopathic neutropenia (CIN). A diagnosis of CIN is supported by the absence of free and/or cell-bound neutrophil autoantibodies, which can be detected by flow cytometry with the indirect-granulocyte immunofluorescence test (I-GIFT) and direct-granulocyte immunofluorescence test (D-GIFT), respectively. Conclusive evidence is lacking on the diagnostic value of the D-GIFT, whose performance requires specific laboratory expertise, may be logistically difficult, and hampered by very low neutrophil count in patient samples...
December 12, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228916/physical-and-psychosomatic-health-outcomes-in-people-bereaved-by-suicide-compared-to-people-bereaved-by-other-modes-of-death-a-systematic-review
#16
Ailbhe Spillane, Celine Larkin, Paul Corcoran, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Fiona Riordan, Ella Arensman
BACKGROUND: Little research has been conducted into the physical health implications of suicide bereavement compared to other causes of death. There is some evidence that suicide bereaved parents have higher morbidity, particularly in terms of chronic illness. This systematic review aims to examine the physical and psychosomatic morbidities of people bereaved by a family member's suicide and compare them with family members bereaved by other modes of death. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched from 1985 to February 2016...
December 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224222/chronic-pain-in-the-school-setting-the-teachers-point-of-view
#17
Ester Solé, Elena Castarlenas, Elisabet Sánchez-Rodríguez, Santiago Galán, Rocío de la Vega, Mark P Jensen, Jordi Miró
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to (1) examine the reactions of teachers and student teachers to children experiencing pain, (2) identify the most common challenges and potential resources that are associated to dealing with them, and (3) examine whether their responses differed as a function of their experience or sex. METHODS: Forty teachers and 318 student teachers completed a survey which included descriptive information, a questionnaire that assesses different responses of participants to children who experience pain, and provides a list of problems and resources that participants might encounter and implement, respectively, when dealing with these children...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223545/the-bowel-function-and-quality-of-life-of-hirschsprung-disease-patients-who-have-reached-18-years-of-age-or-older-the-long-term-outcomes-after-undergoing-the-transabdominal-soave-procedure
#18
Shun Onishi, Kazuhiko Nakame, Tatsuru Kaji, Masato Kawano, Tomoe Moriguchi, Koshiro Sugita, Keisuke Yano, Mioko Nomura, Koji Yamada, Waka Yamada, Ryuta Masuya, Takafumi Kawano, Seiro Machigashira, Motoi Mukai, Satoshi Ieiri
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Hirschsprung disease (HD) is considered curable, but the postoperative bowel function is not always satisfactory. In this study, we evaluated the general condition, bowel function, and social performance in adults who were older than 17years of age who had undergone definitive operations in childhood. METHOD: From 1984 to 2016, 110 patients with HD underwent definitive surgery at our institute. Sixty-three patients who had undergone the transabdominal Soave procedure reached 18years of age...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216008/adherence-to-growth-hormone-therapy-in-children-and-its-potential-barriers
#19
Shahrzad Mohseni, Zahra Heydari, Mostafa Qorbani, Mania Radfar
BACKGROUND: One of the main concerns in chronic diseases such as growth hormone (GH) deficiency is adherence to the treatment, which significantly affects treatment outcomes. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 169 GH recipient children (2-12 years) and teens (13-19 years) referred to a GH distributing teaching pharmacy. The eight-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS) and auto-compliance method were used for the assessment of patients' adherence to GH...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213167/pain-assessment-and-management-the-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-sudanese-paediatric-residents
#20
Mohammed A A Alhassan, Fathelrahman E Ahmed, Abdolmoneim A Bannaga
This was a prospective, descriptive, cross sectional study that was conducted in 9 major paediatric hospitals accredited for training of residents in Sudan to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of residents in paediatrics on issues related to pain assessment and pain management in children A semi-structured and validated questionnaire was distributed to 174 residents working in these hospitals. One hundred and twenty residents, out of 174, responded by filling the questionnaire, with a response rate of 68%...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
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