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Chronic pain in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438745/management-of-chronic-pain-using-complementary-and-integrative-medicine
#1
REVIEW
Lucy Chen, Andreas Michalsen
Complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) encompasses both Western-style medicine and complementary health approaches as a new combined approach to treat a variety of clinical conditions. Chronic pain is the leading indication for use of CIM, and about 33% of adults and 12% of children in the US have used it in this context. Although advances have been made in treatments for chronic pain, it remains inadequately controlled for many people. Adverse effects and complications of analgesic drugs, such as addiction, kidney failure, and gastrointestinal bleeding, also limit their use...
April 24, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435316/subanesthetic-ketamine-for-pain-management-in-hospitalized-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-single-center-cohort-study
#2
Kathy A Sheehy, Caroline Lippold, Amy L Rice, Raissa Nobrega, Julia C Finkel, Zenaide Mn Quezado
BACKGROUND: Subanesthetic doses of ketamine, an N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antagonist used as an adjuvant to opioid for the treatment of pain in adults with acute and chronic pain, have been shown, in some instances, to improve pain intensity and to decrease opioid intake. However, less is known about the role of ketamine in pain management in children, adolescents, and young adults. PURPOSE: We examined the effects of subanesthetic ketamine on pain intensity and opioid intake in children, adolescents, and young adults with acute and chronic pain syndromes treated in an inpatient setting...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432164/use-of-gabapentin-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-in-an-adolescent-with-sickle-cell-disease
#3
Cátia R Correia, Ana Teresa Soares, Laura Azurara, Maria João Palaré
Vaso-occlusive crises are the most common manifestation of sickle cell disease (SCD) and the main cause of hospital admission in these patients. There is emerging evidence that vaso-occlusive pain has both nociceptive and neuropathic components. However, the treatment of SCD-related pain with neuropathic drugs has not yet been systematically studied, particularly in children. We describe a 14-year-old girl with SCD and multiple hospital admissions for pain management for severe acute vaso-occlusive pain episodes...
April 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426137/hydroxyurea-hydroxycarbamide-for-sickle-cell-disease
#4
REVIEW
Sarah J Nevitt, Ashley P Jones, Jo Howard
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is one of the most common inherited diseases worldwide. It is associated with lifelong morbidity and a reduced life expectancy. Hydroxyurea (hydroxycarbamide), an oral chemotherapeutic drug, ameliorates some of the clinical problems of SCD, in particular that of pain, by raising fetal haemoglobin. This is an update of a previously published Cochrane Review. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of hydroxyurea therapy in people with SCD (all genotypes), of any age, regardless of setting...
April 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424558/parents-relationship-to-pain-during-children-s-cancer-treatment-a-preliminary-validation-of-the-pain-flexibility-scale-for-parents
#5
Jenny Thorsell Cederberg, Sandra Weineland Strandskov, JoAnne Dahl, Gustaf Ljungman
OBJECTIVES: Pain is one of the most frequent and burdensome symptoms for children with cancer. Psychological acceptance has been shown to be beneficial in chronic pain. Acceptance-based interventions for experimentally induced pain have been shown to predict increased pain tolerance and decreased pain intensity. An acceptance-based pilot study for children with cancer experiencing pain has shown promising results. Further, parental acceptance has been shown to predict decreased child distress...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421117/chronic-pain-in-children-a-look-at-the-referral-process-to-a-pediatric-pain-clinic
#6
Giovanni Cucchiaro, Jennifer Schwartz, Alec Hutchason, Beatriz Ornelas
We reviewed the referral pattern of children with chronic pain to a specialized pediatric pain clinic. Data were obtained from referring physicians and medical records and during an interview with patients and their parents by physicians and a psychologist. We analyzed the following: referral diagnosis, demographics, duration of symptoms, number of physicians previously consulted, school attendance, sports activities, presence of psychological disorders, final team diagnosis, and outcomes. Children had been experiencing pain for 34 ± 55 months...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401741/oral-alendronate-in-pediatric-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis
#7
Daishi Hirano, Kosuke Chiba, Saya Yamada, Hiroyuki Ida
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) primarily affects children and adolescents, and is characterized by episodic sterile osteomyelitis over several years. No definitive treatment is available. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) are common first-line agents, but provide limited improvement in bone pain and do not affect disease duration. Several agents are utilized in the case of non-response to NSAID, including corticosteroids, methotrexate, and tumor necrosis factor-blocking agents...
April 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401420/an-update-on-the-pathogenesis-and-treatment-of-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-in-children
#8
Andrea Taddio, Floriana Zennaro, Serena Pastore, Rolando Cimaz
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO), also known as chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNO), is a rare inflammatory disorder that primarily affects children. It is characterized by pain, local bone expansion, and radiological findings suggestive of osteomyelitis, usually at multiple sites. CRMO predominantly affects the metaphyses of long bones, but involvement of the clavicle or mandible are suggestive of the diagnosis. CRMO is a diagnosis of exclusion, and its pathogenesis remains unknown. Differential diagnosis includes infection, malignancies, benign bone tumors, metabolic disorders, and other autoinflammatory disorders...
April 11, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394851/development-and-validation-of-the-self-reported-promis-pediatric-pain-behavior-item-bank-and-short-form-scale
#9
Natoshia R Cunningham, Susmita Kashikar-Zuck, Constance Mara, Kenneth R Goldschneider, Dennis A Revicki, Carlton Dampier, David D Sherry, Lori Crosby, Adam Carle, Karon F Cook, Esi M Morgan
Pain behaviors are important indicators of functioning in chronic pain; however, no self-reported pain behavior instrument has been developed for pediatric populations. The purpose of this study was to create a brief pediatric measure of patient-reported pain behaviors as part of the Patient- Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS). A pool of 47 candidate items for this measure had been previously developed through qualitative research. In this study, youth with chronic pain associated with juvenile fibromyalgia (JFM), juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), or sickle cell disease (SCD) (ages 8 to 18 years) from three pediatric centers completed all 47 candidate items for development of the pain behavior item bank along with established measures of pain interference, depressive symptoms, fatigue, average pain intensity, and pain catastrophizing...
April 5, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393961/wishes-and-worries-of-haemophilia-patients-a-patient-survey-from-bavaria
#10
Herbert Lechner, Anja Schleiermacher, Karin Berger, Dorothee Schopohl, Wolfgang Schramm
Haemophilia care in Germany has achieved a high level and enables the majority of patients to lead a largely normal life. The Bluter Betreuung Bayern e.V. (BBB) aims to improve health care and support for haemophilia patients. A questionnaire has been developed by BBB representatives to evaluate unmet medical needs from the patient perspective. It was sent to 290 haemophilia patients and/or their parents in Bavaria in November 2015. The response rate was 51.4 %: 66 children aged < 15 years (66.7 % severe), 30 patients 15-24 years (66...
April 10, 2017: Hämostaseologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386399/development-of-research-priorities-in-paediatric-pain-and-palliative-care
#11
Christina Liossi, Anna-Karenia Anderson, Richard F Howard
Priority setting for healthcare research is as important as conducting the research itself because rigorous and systematic processes of priority setting can make an important contribution to the quality of research. This project aimed to prioritise clinical therapeutic uncertainties in paediatric pain and palliative care in order to encourage and inform the future research agenda and raise the profile of paediatric pain and palliative care in the United Kingdom. Clinical therapeutic uncertainties were identified and transformed into patient, intervention, comparison and outcome (PICO) format and prioritised using a modified Nominal Group Technique...
February 2017: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378183/-therapy-outcome-one-year-after-pediatric-outpatient-chronic-pain-evaluation-chronic-pain-grading-cpg-for-adolescent-pain-patients
#12
L Stahlschmidt, F Barth, B Zernikow, J Wager
BACKGROUND: Interdisciplinary pain treatment has been shown to be effective for children and adolescents with chronic pain, both in an outpatient and inpatient setting. Until now, the effectiveness has been analyzed with various outcome measures. Although it has only rarely been used for adolescents so far, Chronic Pain Grading (CPG) developed by Von Korff could be an appropriate general outcome measure. OBJECTIVE: The study aims at prospectively investigating and comparing the therapy outcome one year after initial presentation for both outpatients and inpatients using the CPG...
April 4, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372534/panel-7-otitis-media-treatment-and-complications
#13
Anne G M Schilder, Tal Marom, Mahmood F Bhutta, Margaretha L Casselbrant, Harvey Coates, Marie Gisselsson-Solén, Amanda J Hall, Paola Marchisio, Aino Ruohola, Roderick P Venekamp, Ellen M Mandel
Objective We aimed to summarize key articles published between 2011 and 2015 on the treatment of (recurrent) acute otitis media, otitis media with effusion, tympanostomy tube otorrhea, chronic suppurative otitis media and complications of otitis media, and their implications for clinical practice. Data Sources PubMed, Ovid Medline, the Cochrane Library, and Clinical Evidence (BMJ Publishing). Review Methods All types of articles related to otitis media treatment and complications between June 2011 and March 2015 were identified...
April 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372505/can-salivary-creatinine-and-urea-levels-be-used-to-diagnose-chronic-kidney-disease-in-children-as-accurately-as-serum-creatinine-and-urea-levels-a-case-control-study
#14
Rahime Renda
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) develop many metabolic changes in blood that often necessitate frequent biochemical analysis. Serum analysis is an invasive and painful procedure. It would be highly beneficial if a noninvasive alternative process to serum analysis in children were identified. Saliva can be collected noninvasively, repeatedly, and without the use of healthcare personnel. The aims of this study were to compare serum and salivary urea and creatinine levels in children with CKD and healthy controls, and to determine if salivary creatinine and urea levels can be used to diagnose CKD in children as accurately as serum creatinine and urea levels...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370851/validation-of-the-german-fear-of-pain-questionnaire-in-a-sample-of-children-with-mixed-chronic-pain-conditions
#15
F Flack, A L Gerlach, L E Simons, B Zernikow, T Hechler
BACKGROUND: To date, no German instrument exists to measure pain-related fear in paediatric pain populations. The objective of the current study was to determine the construct validity of the translated German fear of pain questionnaire for children (GFOPQ-C) in a sample of children with mixed chronic pain disorders by testing the underlying factor structure, and its psychometric properties. METHOD: N = 241 children with mixed chronic pain disorders (aged 8-19 years) presenting to a specialized pain clinic completed the GFOPQ-C and several other pain, fear and disability measures...
April 2, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363861/prevalence-and-predictors-of-chronic-postsurgical-pain-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Jennifer A Rabbitts, Emma Fisher, Brittany N Rosenbloom, Tonya M Palermo
Emerging research suggests that pain may persist longer-term for many children after major surgery, with significant impact on their health outcomes. This systematic review identified the prevalence of chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) in children after surgery, and determined presurgical biomedical and psychosocial risk factors associated with CPSP prevalence or severity. Prospective studies assessing CPSP 3-12 months after surgery in children 6-18 years of age published in English in MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews since 1996 were eligible for inclusion...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361592/lactate-dehydrogenase-a-marker-of-the-severity-of-vaso-occlusive-crisis-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-presenting-at-the-emergency-department
#17
Marina García-Morin, Carolina López-Sangüos, Paula Vázquez, Teresa Alvárez, Rafael Marañón, Jorge Huerta, Elena Cela
The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of vaso-occlusive crises (VOC) in children with sickle cell disease and to identify factors associated with greater severity. We performed a prospective observational study from August 2012 to January 2014. The study population comprised patients with sickle cell disease who consulted at the emergency department (ED) for VOC. We recorded demographic variables, history of complications related to the disease, and data on usual treatment. We also assessed pain, analgesia at home, need for admission, length of stay, and analgesia during admission...
November 2016: Hemoglobin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357028/limitations-and-opportunities-of-non-invasive-liver-stiffness-measurement-in-children
#18
REVIEW
Guido Engelmann, Jasmin Quader, Ulrike Teufel, Jens Peter Schenk
Changes in liver structure are an important issue in chronic hepatopathies. Until the end of the 20(th) century, these changes could only be determined by histological analyses of a liver specimen obtained via biopsy. The well-known limitations of this technique (i.e., pain, bleeding and the need for sedation) have precluded its routine use in follow-up of patients with liver diseases. However, the introduction of non-invasive technologies, such as ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging, for measurement of liver stiffness as an indirect marker of fibroses has changed this situation...
March 18, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353009/acute-kidney-injury-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-compounding-a-chronic-problem
#19
EDITORIAL
Cherry Mammen, Mei Lin Bissonnette, Douglas G Matsell
In an article recently published in Pediatric Nephrology, Baddam and colleagues discuss the relatively underreported clinical problem of repeated episodes of acute kidney injury (AKI) in children with sickle cell disease (SCD). Their report is a cautionary note about the importance of repeated kidney injury on the background of underlying chronic kidney injury and its potential implications on long-term kidney outcome. In children and adults with SCD, this includes the effects of repeated vaso-occlusive crises and the management of these painful episodes with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs...
March 28, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350202/outcomes-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-for-biliary-dyskinesia-in-children
#20
Sarah W Lai, Steven S Rothenberg, Saundra M Kay, Kristin E Shipman, Bethany J Slater
PURPOSE: To determine the outcomes of laparoscopic cholecystectomy as a treatment for biliary dyskinesia in children. METHODS: With ethics approval, a retrospective chart review was performed on children (<21 years) at a single center diagnosed with biliary dyskinesia (defined as gallbladder ejection fraction [EF] <35% and/or pain with cholecystokinin [CCK] on cholescintigraphy, in the absence of gallstones or cholecystitis on ultrasound) and treated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy between March 2010 and February 2016...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
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