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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790723/training-the-skull-base-surgeon-of-the-future-a-comprehensive-approach
#1
Mohammed Aref, A Samy Youssef
The tremendous advances in endoscopic skull base surgery added new a set of intricate less invasive approaches to the neurosurgical armamentarium. The new generations of neurosurgeons face the challenge of adopting the ever-changing technology and quickly learning modern surgical techniques beyond the traditional neurosurgery comfort zone. The future skull base surgeon must be well trained and knowledgeable in all surgical portals to the skull base in order to select the safest least invasive, most direct approach that offers the optimum exposure to handle a complex skull base pathology...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785732/the-mental-representation-of-human-action
#2
Sydney Levine, Alan M Leslie, John Mikhail
Various theories of moral cognition posit that moral intuitions can be understood as the output of a computational process performed over structured mental representations of human action. We propose that action plan diagrams-"act trees"-can be a useful tool for theorists to succinctly and clearly present their hypotheses about the information contained in these representations. We then develop a methodology for using a series of linguistic probes to test the theories embodied in the act trees. In Study 1, we validate the method by testing a specific hypothesis (diagrammed by act trees) about how subjects are representing two classic moral dilemmas and finding that the data support the hypothesis...
May 21, 2018: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784537/artificial-intelligence-a-joint-narrative-on-potential-use-in-pediatric-stem-and-immune-cell-therapies-and-regenerative-medicine
#3
REVIEW
Irena Sniecinski, Jerard Seghatchian
Artificial Intelligence (AI) reflects the intelligence exhibited by machines and software. It is a highly desirable academic field of many current fields of studies. Leading AI researchers describe the field as "the study and design of intelligent agents". McCarthy invented this term in 1955 and defined it as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines". The central goals of AI research are reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, natural language processing (communication), perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects...
May 9, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784217/finding-inspiration-from-the-philosophy-of-maurice-merleau-ponty-for-the-practice-of-psychiatric-mental-health-nursing
#4
Sandra P Thomas
The philosophy of Maurice Merleau-Ponty, a unique blend of existentialism and phenomenology, deserves to be better known in psychiatric-mental health nursing. This philosophy is particularly pertinent to the contemporary recovery movement that seeks to dispel the therapeutic nihilism regarding conditions such as schizophrenia, borderline personality, and substance use disorders. This paper provides an overview of Merleau-Ponty's life and work, with emphasis on selected elements of his philosophy that are inspirational for the clinical practice of psychiatric-mental health nursing...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781196/professionalised-intimacy-how-dementia-care-workers-navigate-between-domestic-intimacy-and-institutional-detachment
#5
Tobias Haeusermann
This article reports an ethnographic study of the handover routines in Germany's first dementia village, with a central focus on how care is balanced between domestic intimacy and institutional detachment. The term 'professionalised intimacy' is used for the vivid interplay between comfort and intimacy that renders the interaction between care workers and residents far more complex than previous theories have articulated. Because of the intimacy involved in community building, however, the promise of personalised care must clash with the bureaucratic structures of an official institution, potentially depriving the care workers of their public, respected identity in the process...
May 20, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780699/moving-beyond-normative-philosophies-and-policy-concerns-a-sociological-account-of-place-based-solidarities-in-diversity
#6
Stijn Oosterlynck
In this commentary, I think with and beyond the normative philosophies and policy-oriented frameworks on how to deal with diversity in contemporary societies formulated by Zapata-Barrero and Modood. I propose to integrate elements of both perspectives in a empirically grounded sociological account of how place-based solidarities in diversity are nurtured in everyday life. Although there is much to be recommended about the arguments of Modood and Zapata-Barrero, I argue that what is needed is an analytical framework that does not a priori privilege specific sources of solidarity on normative-philosophical or policy grounds...
2018: Comparative Migration Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779187/dualism-and-its-place-in-a-philosophical-structure-for-psychiatry
#7
Hane Htut Maung
It is often claimed in parts of the psychiatric literature that neuroscientific research into the biological basis of mental disorder undermines dualism in the philosophy of mind. This paper shows that such a claim does not apply to all forms of dualism. Focusing on Kenneth Kendler's discussion of the mind-body problem in biological psychiatry, I argue that such criticism of dualism often conflates the psychological and phenomenal concepts of the mental. Moreover, it fails to acknowledge that there are different varieties of dualism, and so overlooks the important metaphysical insights of contemporary dualist philosophers...
May 19, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778817/extent-of-aortic-replacement-in-type-a-dissection-current-answers-for-an-endless-debate
#8
REVIEW
Stephen D Waterford, Rita L Gardner, Marc R Moon
BACKGROUND: The proximal and distal extent of surgery for type A dissection is the subject of this review article. METHODS: In this report, we summarize select series that illumine the issue at hand and provide insight into the surgical approach at our institution to DeBakey type I aortic dissections. RESULTS: For proximal extent, we discuss preservation of the aortic valve in the presence of aortic insufficiency, as well as management of the aortic root in the setting of root dilation...
May 17, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778696/renal-pre-competitive-consortium-rpc-2-discovering-therapeutic-targets-together
#9
Mark Tomilo, Heather Ascani, Barbara Mirel, Maria Chiara Magnone, Carol Moreno Quinn, Anil Karihaloo, Kevin Duffin, Uptal D Patel, Matthias Kretzler
Despite significant effort, patients with kidney disease have not seen their outcomes improved significantly over the past two decades. This has motivated clinicians and researchers to consider alternative methods to identifying risk factors, disease progression markers, and effective therapies. Genome-scale data sets from patients with renal disease can be used to establish a platform to improve understanding of the molecular basis of disease; however, such studies require expertise and resources. To overcome these challenges, we formed an academic-industry consortium to share molecular target identification efforts and expertise across academia and the pharmaceutical industry...
May 17, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775226/moxibustion-for-cephalic-version-of-breech-presentation
#10
REVIEW
Judith M Schlaeger, Cynthia L Stoffel, Jeanie L Bussell, Hui Yan Cai, Miho Takayama, Hiroyoshi Yajima, Nobuari Takakura
Moxibustion, a form of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), is the burning of the herb moxa (Folium Artemisiae argyi or mugwort) over acupuncture points. It is often used in China to facilitate cephalic version of breech presentation. This article reviews the history, philosophy, therapeutic use, possible mechanisms of action, and literature pertaining to its use for this indication. For moxibustion, moxa can be rolled into stick form, placed directly on the skin, or placed on an acupuncture needle and ignited to warm acupuncture points...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774797/-brain-disorders-by-henry-calderwood-1879
#11
G E Berrios
Henry Calderwood, a nineteenth-century Scottish philosopher interested in madness, published in 1879 an important work on the interaction between philosophy of mind, the nascent neurosciences and mental disease. Holding a spiritual view of the mind, he considered the phrase 'mental disease' (as Feuchtersleben had in 1845) to be but a misleading metaphor. His analysis of the research work of Ferrier, Clouston, Crichton-Browne, Maudsley, Tuke, Sankey, etc., is detailed, and his views are correct on the very limited explanatory power that their findings had for the understanding of madness...
June 2018: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773610/nhs-constitution-values-for-values-based-recruitment-a-virtue-ethics-perspective
#12
Johanna Elise Groothuizen, Alison Callwood, Ann Gallagher
Values-based recruitment is used in England to select healthcare staff, trainees and students on the basis that their values align with those stated in the Constitution of the UK National Health Service (NHS). However, it is unclear whether the extensive body of existing literature within the field of moral philosophy was taken into account when developing these values. Although most values have a long historical tradition, a tendency to assume that they have just been invented, and to approach them uncritically, exists within the healthcare sector...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771221/hey-wait-i-just-thought-of-something-else-advaita-and-clinical-hypnosis
#13
Jon K Amundson, Marc W Ross, Debra Campbell
While much has been made of the value of Buddhist mindfulness in clinical treatment, little attention has been given over to its parallels, if not antecedents in Hindu philosophy. Buddhist traditions in the vipassana, ch'an and zen tradition, and the practices associated, find their roots in Advaita philosophy and practice. This article looks at the useful/effective nature of Advaita and its specific application in clinical hypnosis. The linkage between traditional wisdom sources, psychological investigations of the self and contemporary hypnosis is articulated in the article which follows, and a case example, regarding clinical application, is provided...
July 2018: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771103/-an-introduction-to-the-thought-of-emmanuel-levinas-the-care-or-irreducible-worry-of-infinite-responsibility
#14
Philippe Svandra
Despite a particularly difficult approach, Emmanuel Levinas remains a philosopher who « speaks » quite naturally to caregivers. The reason is simple ; he is interested in an issue that has long been hidden in philosophy, but that directly affects care : vulnerability.However, it seems that his thinking has too often been watered down. By presenting it as a form of benevolent altruism, the radical, even subversive, aspect of the approach that he proposes to us is erased. Indeed, Levinassian responsibility is experienced first of all as a rupture, a violence that makes me the « hostage of others...
March 2018: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766035/using-the-teaching-perspectives-inventory-as-an-introduction-to-a-residents-as-teachers-curriculum
#15
Amy C Robertson, Leslie C Fowler, Amy Miller Juve
Objective: The Anesthesiology Milestone Project includes a milestone for assessing the teaching attributes of residents within the competency of Practice-based Learning and Improvement. We intend to develop a Residents-as-Teachers educational curriculum to assist our residents in successfully achieving this milestone. The goal of this study is to identify the specific teaching perspectives and intentions of our residents and to promote residents' comprehension of their own teaching philosophy...
October 2017: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765827/a-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-north-american-skull-base-society-current-practice-patterns-of-vestibular-schwannoma-evaluation-and-management-in-north-america
#16
Matthew L Carlson, Jamie J Van Gompel, R Mark Wiet, Nicole M Tombers, Anand K Devaiah, Devyani Lal, Jacques J Morcos, Michael J Link
Background  Very few studies have examined vestibular schwannoma (VS) management trends across centers and between providers. The objective of this study is to examine current practice trends, variance in treatment philosophies, and nuanced or controversial aspects of VS care across North America. Methods  This is a cross-sectional survey of North American Skull Base Society (NASBS) members who report regular involvement in VS care. Results  A total of 57 completed surveys were returned. Most respondents claimed to have over 20 years of experience and the majority reported working in an academic practice with an affiliated otolaryngology and/or neurosurgery residency program...
June 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765565/the-rediscovery-of-the-social-side-of-medicine-philosophy-and-value-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf
#17
EDITORIAL
Wolfgang Seger
Medicine is at risk of sliding into a sole repair service for the malfunction of organs. But the patients' hope and confidence towards doctors practicing this repair work go far beyond that: after acute medical treatment many patients suffer from chronic impairments due to the natural course of the disease or as a result of medical interventions. Despite resulting handicaps, patients aim at participating in family and social life, retaining a workplace and receiving support to remain a valued member of the family and the community...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764257/collaboration-in-the-design-and-delivery-of-a-mental-health-recovery-college-course-experiences-of-students-and-tutors
#18
Josh Cameron, Angie Hart, Saff Brooker, Paul Neale, Mair Reardon
BACKGROUND: Recovery Colleges address mental health challenges using an educative approach underpinned by a collaborative recovery orientated philosophy. Research has been limited with no studies identified reporting research on the design and delivery of a specific course. AIMS: To understand how Recovery College students and tutors experience the design and delivery of a mental health Recovery College course, specifically the "'Building Resilience" course...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761456/pombase-the-scientific-resource-for-fission-yeast
#19
Antonia Lock, Kim Rutherford, Midori A Harris, Valerie Wood
The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe has become well established as a model species for studying conserved cell-level biological processes, especially the mechanics and regulation of cell division. PomBase integrates the S. pombe genome sequence with traditional genetic, molecular, and cell biological experimental data as well as the growing body of large datasets generated by emerging high-throughput methods. This chapter provides insight into the curation philosophy and data organization at PomBase, and provides a guide to using PomBase for infrequent visitors and anyone considering exploring S...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761240/derek-m-jones-the-biological-foundations-of-action-milton-park-abington-oxon-routledge-history-and-philosophy-of-biology-4-2017-xv-108-pp-%C3%A2-92-00
#20
Anne Sophie Meincke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2018: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
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