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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914196/ecological-caring-revisiting-the-original-ideas-of-caring-science
#1
Helena Dahlberg, Albertine Ranheim, Karin Dahlberg
The aim of this empirically grounded philosophical paper is to explore the notion of holistic care with the intention to expand it into a notion of ecological care and in such a way revisit the original ideas of caring science. The philosophical analysis, driven by lifeworld theory and especially Merleau-Ponty's philosophy, is firmly rooted in contemporary clinical care. We used interview data from patients in a study at an anthroposophic clinic in Sweden, which forms part of an ecological community with, for example, ecological agriculture...
2016: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910310/millimeter-wave-imaging-diagnostics-systems-on-the-east-tokamak-invited
#2
Y L Zhu, J L Xie, C X Yu, Z L Zhao, B X Gao, D X Chen, W D Liu, W Liao, C M Qu, C Luo, X Hu, A G Spear, N C Luhmann, C W Domier, M Chen, X Ren, B J Tobias
Millimeter-wave imaging diagnostics, with large poloidal span and wide radial range, have been developed on the EAST tokamak for visualization of 2D electron temperature and density fluctuations. A 384 channel (24 poloidal × 16 radial) Electron Cyclotron Emission Imaging (ECEI) system in F-band (90-140 GHz) was installed on the EAST tokamak in 2012 to provide 2D electron temperature fluctuation images with high spatial and temporal resolution. A co-located Microwave Imaging Reflectometry (MIR) will be installed for imaging of density fluctuations by December 2016...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909972/can-we-estimate-short-and-intermediate-term-survival-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-metastatic-bone-disease
#3
Jonathan A Forsberg, Rikard Wedin, Patrick J Boland, John H Healey
BACKGROUND: Objective means of estimating survival can be used to guide surgical decision-making and to risk-stratify patients for clinical trials. Although a free, online tool ( www.pathfx.org ) can estimate 3- and 12-month survival, recent work, including a survey of the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society, indicated that estimates at 1 and 6 months after surgery also would be helpful. Longer estimates help justify the need for more durable and expensive reconstructive options, and very short estimates could help identify those who will not survive 1 month and should not undergo surgery...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905860/a-scoping-review-on-models-of-integrative-medicine-what-is-known-from-the-existing-literature
#4
Eun Jin Lim, Janette L Vardy, Byeong Sang Oh, Haryana M Dhillon
OBJECTIVES: Integrative medicine (IM) has been recognized and introduced into Western healthcare systems over the past two decades. Limited information on IM models is available to guide development of an optimal healthcare service. A scoping review was carried out to evaluate IM models in the extant literature, including the distinctive features of each model, to gain an understanding of the core requirements needed to develop models of IM that best meet the needs of patients. DESIGN: Directed content analysis was used to classify the IM models into systems based on coding schema developed from theoretical models and to identify the key concepts of each system...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905177/expressions-of-cultural-safety-in-public-health-nursing-practice
#5
Anna Richardson, Judy Yarwood, Sandra Richardson
Cultural safety is an essential concept within New Zealand nursing that is formally linked to registration and competency-based practice certification. Despite its centrality to New Zealand nursing philosophies and the stated expectation of cultural safety as a practice element, there is limited evidence of its application in the literature. This research presents insight into public health nurse's (PHN) experiences, demonstrating the integration of cultural safety principles into practice. These findings emerged following secondary analysis of data from a collaborative, educative research project where PHNs explored the use of family assessment tools...
November 30, 2016: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903113/microscopic-versus-endoscopic-approaches-for-craniopharyngiomas-choosing-the-optimal-surgical-corridor-for-maximizing-extent-of-resection-and-complication-avoidance-using-a-personalized-tailored-approach
#6
James K Liu, Ilesha A Sevak, Peter W Carmel, Jean Anderson Eloy
Resection remains the mainstay of treatment for craniopharyngiomas with the goal of radical resection, if safely possible, to minimize the rate of recurrence. Endoscopic endonasal and microscopic transcranial surgical approaches have both become standard methods for the treatment for craniopharyngiomas. However, the approach selection paradigm for craniopharyngiomas is still a point of discussion. Choosing the optimal surgical approach can play a significant role in maximizing the extent of resection and surgical outcome while minimizing the risks of potential complications...
December 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900588/modeling-informatics-at-vertex-pharmaceuticals-incorporated-our-philosophy-for-sustained-impact
#7
Georgia McGaughey, W Patrick Walters
Molecular modelers and informaticians have the unique opportunity to integrate cross-functional data using a myriad of tools, methods and visuals to generate information. Using their drug discovery expertise, information is transformed to knowledge that impacts drug discovery. These insights are often times formulated locally and then applied more broadly, which influence the discovery of new medicines. This is particularly true in an organization where the members are exposed to projects throughout an organization, such as in the case of the global Modeling & Informatics group at Vertex Pharmaceuticals...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899839/practical-insights-for-the-pharmacist-educator-on-student-engagement
#8
REVIEW
Douglas R Oyler, Frank Romanelli, Peggy Piascik, Jeff Cain
Student engagement continues to be a point of emphasis in pharmacy education, yet there remains little data on tangible means to increase organic student engagement. This review attempts to better define student engagement, draws from educational theorists to emphasize the importance of student engagement, and provides the reader with practice philosophies that can be used across of variety of teaching settings to help develop an engaging learning environment.
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899120/violence-narratives-of-mexican-women-treated-in-mutual-aid-residential-centers-for-addiction-treatment
#9
Ignacio Lozano-Verduzco, Martha Romero-Mendoza, Rodrigo Marín-Navarrete
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is a social and public health issue in Mexico. The aim of this article is to explore violence among an understudied group of women, who attended Mutual-Aid Residential Centers for Addiction Treatment and experienced stigma both as women and addicts. These centers are particular kind of addiction treatment services that stem from 12-step philosophy, but that have been found to manipulate said philosophy and exercise extreme forms of psychological and physical violence...
November 30, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897022/-postpartum-blues-a-czech-adaptation-of-the-maternity-blues-questionnaire
#10
L Takács, F Smolík, J Mlíková Seidlerová, P Čepický, S Hoskovcová
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Kennerley and Gaths Maternity Blues Questionnaire (MBQ) for the Czech postpartum population, to present the psychometric properties of the Czech version of that screening method, and to assess its predictive power for the risk of postpartum depression. DESIGN: Original study. SETTING: Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and Philosophy, Charles University, Prague. METHODS: The Czech version of the MBQ was validated on a sample of 1093 women...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896613/new-issues-for-new-methods-ethical-and-editorial-challenges-for-an-experimental-philosophy
#11
Andrea Polonioli
This paper examines a constellation of ethical and editorial issues that have arisen since philosophers started to conduct, submit and publish empirical research. These issues encompass concerns over responsible authorship, fair treatment of human subjects, ethicality of experimental procedures, availability of data, unselective reporting and publishability of research findings. This study aims to assess whether the philosophical community has as yet successfully addressed such issues. To do so, the instructions for authors, submission process and published research papers of 29 main journals in philosophy have been considered and analyzed...
November 28, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896607/obsolete-laws-economic-and-moral-aspects-case-study-composting-standards
#12
Marek Vochozka, Anna Maroušková, Petr Šuleř
From the early days of philosophy, ethics and justice, there is wide consensus that the constancy of the laws establishes the legal system. On the other hand, the rate at which we accumulate knowledge is gaining speed like never before. Due to the recently increased attention of academics to climate change and other environmental issues, a lot of new knowledge has been obtained about carbon management, its role in nature and mechanisms regarding the formation and degradation of organic matter. A multidisciplinary techno-economic assessment of current composting standards and laws that took into account the current state of knowledge about carbon management was carried out as a case study...
November 28, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896526/solidarity-justice-and-recognition-of-the-other
#13
Ruud Ter Meulen
Solidarity has for a long time been referred to as the core value underpinning European health and welfare systems. But there has been debate in recent years about whether solidarity, with its alleged communitarian content, can be reconciled with the emphasis on individual freedom and personal autonomy. One may wonder whether there is still a place for solidarity, and whether the concept of justice should be embraced to analyse the moral issues regarding access to health care. In this article, I will answer this question by analysing the normative foundations of the concept of justice, followed by a deeper examination of the concept of solidarity in continental philosophy...
November 28, 2016: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895604/virtue-existential-career-model-a-dialectic-and-integrative-approach-echoing-eastern-philosophy
#14
Shu-Hui Liu, Jui-Ping Hung, Hsin-I Peng, Chia-Hui Chang, Yi-Jen Lu
Our Virtue Existential Career (VEC) model aims at complementing western modernism and postmodernism career theories with eastern philosophy. With dialectical philosophy and virtue-practice derived from the Classic of Changes, the VEC theoretical foundation incorporates merits from Holland typology, Minnesota Theory of Work Adjustment, Social Cognitive Career Theory, Meaning Therapy, Narrative Approach Career Counseling, and Happenstance Learning Theory. While modernism considers a matched job as an ideal career vision and prefers rational strategies (controlling and realizing) to achieve job security; postmodernism prefers appreciating and adapting strategies toward openness and appreciates multiple possible selves and occupations, our model pursues a blending of security and openness via controlling-and-realizing and appreciating-and-adapting interwoven with each other in a dialectical and harmonious way...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895209/holistic-nursing-simulation-a-concept-analysis
#15
Bonni S Cohen, Rebecca Boni
Simulation as a technology and holistic nursing care as a philosophy are two components within nursing programs that have merged during the process of knowledge and skill acquisition in the care of the patients as whole beings. Simulation provides opportunities to apply knowledge and skill through the use of simulators, standardized patients, and virtual settings. Concerns with simulation have been raised regarding the integration of the nursing process and recognizing the totality of the human being. Though simulation is useful as a technology, the nursing profession places importance on patient care, drawing on knowledge, theories, and expertise to administer patient care...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889605/posterior-composites-update-on-cavities-and-filling-techniques
#16
J Sabbagh, R J McConnell, M Clancy McConnell
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to examine cavity design for posterior resin composite restorations and to discuss various resin composite filling techniques. DATA: Literature with regard to cavity preparation for amalgam and resin composite restorations has been reviewed. An overview of available bulkfill resin composite systems is provided and a categorization of these systems according to their clinical application and their intended use is outlined. SOURCES: A literature search was carried out by the authors in Medline...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886827/treating-the-football-athlete-coaches-perspective-from-the-university-of-michigan
#17
REVIEW
Kevin C Chung, Meghan E Lark, Paul S Cederna
Although football is one of the most popular sports in America, its high injury incidence places concern on the injury prevention and safety of its players. This article investigates the perspectives of two National Collegiate Athletic Association Division 1 football coaches on promoting injury management and player safety while maintaining a highly competitive team. Through obtaining their coaching philosophy team management topics, effective strategies that contribute to a team culture prioritizing player well-being were identified...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885070/prudence-and-conservatism-in-radiation-protection-a-case-study
#18
Roger Coates
Prudence is a cornerstone of radiation protection philosophy. However, whilst the concept is clearly valid at the level of principle, it is nonetheless necessary to ask 'How should prudence be applied in the context of various practical situations.' This is perhaps particularly important where exposures are low-within the range of natural background, where changes in the level of protection will have no meaningful impact whatsoever on the overall exposure level of any individual. The concept of prudence is applied at a 'top tier' level through the application of the Linear No Threshold hypothesis...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884402/process-and-impact-of-niels-bohr-s-visit-to-japan-and-china-in-1937-a-comparative-perspective
#19
Lei Wang, Jian Yang
At the beginning of the twentieth century, Japan and China, each for its own reasons, invited the famous physicist Niels Bohr to visit and give lectures. Bohr accepted their invitations and made the trip in 1937; however, the topics of his lectures in the two countries differed. In Japan, he mainly discussed quantum mechanics and philosophy, whereas in China, he focused more on atomic physics. This paper begins with a detailed review of Bohr's trip to Japan and China in 1937, followed by a discussion of the impact of each trip from the perspective of the social context...
November 21, 2016: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883878/effect-of-the-postpartum-hospital-environment-on-the-attainment-of-mothers-and-fathers-goals
#20
Jenny Gaboury, Shalisa Capaday, Jennifer Somera, Margaret Purden
OBJECTIVE: To describe mothers' and fathers' goals in the postpartum period and how the hospital environment enables or hinders the attainment of these goals. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive design was used to explore participants' perceptions. SETTING: Mothers and fathers were recruited on the postpartum unit of an urban hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Ten mothers and eight fathers participated. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were conducted with mothers and fathers individually...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
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