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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646504/views-of-mental-health-consumers-about-being-involved-in-nursing-handover-on-acute-inpatient-units
#1
Michael Olasoji, Virginia Plummer, Fiona Reed, Sini Jacob, Liam Shaw, Michelle Shanti, Wendy Cross
The involvement of consumers in handover with nurses has been identified as reducing miscommunication and a reduction in adverse events in generalist nursing settings. Mental health (MH) care is complex, and handover practices need to fit with the philosophy of recovery-focussed practice. Recovery-focussed practice recognizes the person at the centre of care as an expert in their own treatment and decision-making. The aim of the present study was to explore the views of consumers with a mental illness, without prior involvement in nursing handover, about their need to be involved in nursing handover on an acute mental health inpatient unit...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646495/nursing-philosophy-of-community-mental-health-nurses-in-japan-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#2
Koji Tanaka, Masami Hasegawa, Yutaka Nagayama, Masato Oe
The present study reports the findings of a qualitative, descriptive study that sought to clarify nursing philosophy for community mental health nurses (CMHN) working at independent psychiatric home-visit nursing agencies in Japan. We carried out participant observation and semistructured interviews with 13 CMHN in rural and urban areas. We identified eight subthemes and three higher-order themes based on these subthemes. CMHN embraced a nursing philosophy in which they: (i) have respect for consumers' ways of life and their self-realization; (ii) find harmony between view of life and work; and (iii) build communities where residents support each other beyond their roles...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645167/-it-s-important-but%C3%A2-perceived-barriers-and-situational-dependencies-to-social-contact-preferences-of-nursing-home-residents
#3
Katherine M Abbott, Lauren R Bangerter, Sarah Humes, Rachel Klumpp, Kimberly Van Haitsma
Background and Objectives: U.S. Nursing homes (NH) are shifting toward a person-centered philosophy of care, where staff understand each residents preferences, goals and values, and seek to honor them throughout the care delivery process. Social interactions are a major component of life and while low rates of social interactions are typically found among NH residents, little research has examined resident preferences for specific types of social interactions. The purpose of this study is to explore, from the perspective of the NH resident, barriers to social contact preferences and situations when social preferences change...
June 22, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643845/on-the-advancement-of-therapeutic-penality-therapeutic-authority-personality-science-and-the-therapeutic-community
#4
Ruari-Santiago McBride
In this article I examine the advancement of therapeutic penality in the UK, a penal philosophy that reimagines prison policy, practices and environments utilising psychological knowledge. Adopting a historical approach, I show how modern therapeutic penality is linked to the emergence of personality science in the nineteenth century and the development of the democratic therapeutic community (DTC) model in the twentieth century. I outline how at the turn of the twenty-first century a catalytic event generated a moral panic that led the British government to mobilise psychological knowledge and technologies in an attempt to manage dangerous people with severe personality disorder...
June 23, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642990/how-health-humanities-will-save-the-life-of-the-humanities
#5
Craig M Klugman
In the last decade, the humanities have been shrinking in number of students, percent of faculty, and in number of degrees awarded. Humanities students also earn lower salaries than their STEM-prepared peers. At the same time, the health humanities have been in ascendance over the last fifteen years. The number of majors, minors and certificates has increased 266% in that time frame, attracting large numbers of students and preparing future patients, lay caregivers, and health care providers to interact with a complicated and dehumanized medical system...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640718/setting-up-recovery-clinics-and-promoting-service-user-involvement
#6
Thomas John
Service user involvement in mental health has gained considerable momentum. Evidence from the literature suggests that it remains largely theoretical rather than being put into practice. The current nature of acute inpatient mental health units creates various challenges for nurses to put this concept into practice. Recovery clinics were introduced to bridge this gap and to promote service user involvement practice within the current care delivery model at Kent and Medway NHS and Social Care Partnership Trust...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640273/philosophy-religion-s-openness-towards-science
#7
Frank W Nicholas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639739/philosophical-aesthetics-and-cognitive-science
#8
REVIEW
Aaron Meskin, Jon Robson, Anna Ichino, Kris Goffin, Annelies Monseré
Philosophical aesthetics is the branch of philosophy which explores issues having to do with art, beauty, and related phenomena. Philosophers have often been skeptical about the place of empirical investigation in aesthetics. However, in recent years many philosophical aestheticians have turned to cognitive science to enrich their understanding of their subject matter. Cognitive scientists have, in turn, been inspired by work in philosophical aesthetics. This essay focuses on a representative subset of the areas in which there has been fruitful dialog between philosophical aestheticians and cognitive scientists...
June 22, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636322/spirally-structured-conductive-composites-for-highly-stretchable-robust-conductors-and-sensors
#9
Xiaodong Wu, Yangyang Han, Xinxing Zhang, Canhui Lu
Flexible and stretchable electronics are highly desirable for next generation devices. However, stretchability and conductivity are fundamentally difficult to combine for conventional conductive composites, which restricts their widespread applications especially as stretchable electronics. Here, we innovatively develop a new class of highly stretchable and robust conductive composites via a simple and scalable structural approach. Briefly, carbon nanotubes are spray-coated onto a self-adhesive rubber film, followed by rolling up the film completely to create a spirally layered structure within the composites...
June 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635570/quality-dementia-care-prerequisites-and-relational-ethics-among-multicultural-healthcare-providers
#10
Gerd Sylvi Sellevold, Veslemøy Egede-Nissen, Rita Jakobsen, Venke Sørlie
BACKGROUND: Many nursing homes appear as multicultural workplaces where the majority of healthcare providers have an ethnic minority background. This environment creates challenges linked to communication, interaction and cultural differences. Furthermore, the healthcare providers have varied experiences and understanding of what quality care of patients with dementia involves. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to illuminate multi-ethnic healthcare providers' lived experiences of their own working relationship, and its importance to quality care for people with dementia...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635383/rendering-lgbtq-visible-in-nursing-embodying-the-philosophy-of-caring-science
#11
Lisa Goldberg, Neal Rosenburg, Jean Watson
Although health care institutions continue to address the importance of diversity initiatives, the standard(s) for treatment remain historically and institutionally grounded in a sociocultural privileging of heterosexuality. As a result, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ+) communities in health care remain largely invisible. This marked invisibility serves as a call to action, a renaissance of thinking within redefined boundaries and limitations. We must therefore refocus our habits of attention on the wholeness of persons and the diversity of their storied experiences as embodied through contemporary society...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634457/perceptual-categories-derived-from-reid-s-common-sense-philosophy
#12
Adam Reeves, Birgitta Dresp-Langley
The 18th-century Scottish 'common sense' philosopher Thomas Reid argued that perception can be distinguished on several dimensions from other categories of experience, such as sensation, illusion, hallucination, mental images, and what he called 'fancy.' We extend his approach to eleven mental categories, and discuss how these distinctions, often ignored in the empirical literature, bear on current research. We also score each category on five properties (ones abstracted from Reid) to form a 5 × 11 matrix, and thus can generate statistical measures of their mutual dependencies, a procedure that may have general interest as illustrating what we can call 'computational philosophy...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632071/impact-of-serious-mental-illness-online-training-for-certified-nursing-assistants-in-long-term-care
#13
Victor Molinari, John V Hobday, Rosalyn Roker, Mark E Kunik, Rosalie Kane, Merrie J Kaas, Chandra Mehrotra, Christine L Williams, Joyce C Robbins, Debra Dobbs
Certified nurse assistants (CNAs) spend the most staff time with nursing home residents, yet they receive little training in addressing the mental health needs of residents with serious mental illness (SMI). Forty CNAs from four long-term-care facilities took the online interactive CARES-(®) Serious Mental Illness(™) training consisting of two modules guided by the Recovery Movement philosophy of care. Responses from pre-post testing, Likert-type items, and open-ended questions indicated that CNAs gained information, changed their perspectives, and had more confidence in dealing with SMI...
September 22, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629649/scientists-attitudes-on-science-and-values-case-studies-and-survey-methods-in-philosophy-of-science
#14
Daniel Steel, Chad Gonnerman, Michael O'Rourke
This article examines the relevance of survey data of scientists' attitudes about science and values to case studies in philosophy of science. We describe two methodological challenges confronting such case studies: 1) small samples, and 2) potential for bias in selection, emphasis, and interpretation. Examples are given to illustrate that these challenges can arise for case studies in the science and values literature. We propose that these challenges can be mitigated through an approach in which case studies and survey methods are viewed as complementary, and use data from the Toolbox Dialogue Initiative to illustrate this claim...
June 2017: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624506/cellular-gauge-symmetry-and-the-li-organization-principle-general-considerations
#15
REVIEW
Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters, Jorge Navarro, Wu Kun, Bi Lin, Pedro C Marijuán
Based on novel topological considerations, we postulate a gauge symmetry for living cells and proceed to interpret it from a consistent Eastern perspective: the li organization principle. In our framework, the reference system is the living cell, equipped with general symmetries and energetic constraints standing for the intertwined biochemical, metabolic and signaling pathways that allow the global homeostasis of the system. Environmental stimuli stand for forces able to locally break the symmetry of metabolic/signaling pathways, while the species-specific DNA is the gauge field that restores the global homeostasis after external perturbations...
June 14, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622587/statistical-characterization-of-noise-for-spatial-standardization-of-ct-scans-enabling-comparison-with-multiple-kernels-and-doses
#16
Gonzalo Vegas-Sánchez-Ferrero, Maria J Ledesma-Carbayo, George R Washko, Raúl San José Estépar
Computerized tomography (CT) is a widely adopted modality for analyzing directly or indirectly functional, biological and morphological processes by means of the image characteristics. However, the potential utilization of the information obtained from CT images is often limited when considering the analysis of quantitative information involving different devices, acquisition protocols or reconstruction algorithms. Although CT scanners are calibrated as a part of the imaging workflow, the calibration is circumscribed to global reference values and does not circumvent problems that are inherent to the imaging modality...
June 7, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622237/there-are-more-things-in-heaven-and-earth-horatio-than-are-dreamt-of-in-our-philosophy
#17
Jill Moser, Matijs van Meurs, Jan G Zijlstra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619675/a-pilot-exploration-of-the-effect-of-designated-function-focused-care-on-mobility-functional-dependence-and-falls-frequency-in-dutch-nursing-home-residents
#18
Eva S van der Ploeg, Marleen L Leermakers
In recent years, there has been a gradual change in nursing home care from care providers doing as many things as possible for residents to a philosophy where patients are encouraged to become more involved in their care and activities of daily living. Function Focused Care (FFC) is a methodology to stimulate the involvement of residents on a daily basis that has shown to be safe and effective in improving ADL-functioning. We implemented FFC in four nursing homes with 53 residents. This first pilot project in Dutch nursing homes has replicated the finding that FFC inspires functional independence, but also revealed a reduction in the number of falls among fallers...
June 12, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613132/the-wheel-and-the-ladder-freudian-and-loewaldian-accounts-of-individuation
#19
Linus Recht
In this paper, I use comparisons of Freud, Loewald, and Plato to explore what it means to individuate and to desire in a world of frustration, pain, and loss. The metaphors of the "wheel" versus the "ladder" present basic images for Freud's tragic conception of a person's emerging into a world of pain, transience and loss, in contrast to Loewald's sense of individuation as an increasing attainment of individual ego and world enrichment, constructed from metabolized grieved objects. I then argue that Plato's Symposium offers comparable visions of the possibilities of love, and that the juxtaposition of Freud and Loewald can be connected to ancient philosophical considerations...
June 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612224/extrahepatic-portal-venous-obstruction-what-should-be-the-mainstay-of-treatment
#20
Richa Lal, Moinak Sen Sarma, Manish K Gupta
The two cornerstones of management for Extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) are endotherapy and surgery [Porto-systemic shunts (PSS)/Mesorex bypass (MRB)]. Endotherapy is the mainstay of treatment for acute variceal bleed control and has also been used extensively for secondary prophylaxis till variceal eradication is achieved. However, long-term follow-up beyond endoscopic eradication of esophageal varices (EEEV) indicates that there are numerous delayed bleed and non bleed sequelae of EHPVO, which merit surgery as a definitive procedure to decompress the hypertensive portal venous system...
June 14, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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