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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530619/-current-status-of-laparoscopic-sacrocolpopexy-in-the-treatment-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#1
Carmen González-Enguita, Natalia Gennaro-DellaRossa, Esther López-López, Juliana Escobar-Castaño, Percy Miguel Rodríguez-Castro, Raquel González-López
OBJECTIVES: Surgical restoration of pelvic floor anatomy in pelvic organ prolapse (POP) should avoid extensive areas that may injure healthy tissues and lead to scar fibrosis producing dysfunctional rigidity. Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy corrects POP by lifting pelvic elements with a minimally invasive procedure.Various current strategies and approaches make it a diverse procedure. METHODS: We performed a bibliographic review on the published experience about abdominal sacrocolpopexy over the last 20 years...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530425/review-of-hermann-lotze-an-intellectual-biography
#2
Horst Gundlach
Reviews the book, Hermann Lotze: An Intellectual Biography by William R. Woodward (see record 2015-31971-000). Lotze (1817-1881), the once-renowned physician, philosopher, and psychologist, as well as professor in Leipzig, Göttingen, and Berlin, was one of the last philosophers who actually planned a system of philosophy. In this book, Woodward has presented the results of his decades-long engagement with Lotze and his personal, intellectual, and political environment. The reviewer believes that any problems with the book, small or not so small, should not divert the attention from the merits Woodward has earned with this energetically researched, insightful work that deserves its place as an excellent stepping stone for reconsidering Lotze's place in the historiography of philosophy and psychology of the 19th century...
May 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530016/assessment-of-caregiving-constructs-toward-a-personal-familial-group-and-cultural-construction-of-dementia-care-through-the-eyes-of-personal-construct-psychology
#3
Eradah O Hamad, Ahmad N AlHadi, Christopher J Lee, Marie Y Savundranayagam, Jeffrey D Holmes, Elizabeth Anne Kinsella, Andrew M Johnson
Conditions that cause cognitive impairment and behavioural and personality changes, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementia, have global impact across cultures. However, the experience of dementia care can vary between individuals, families, formal caregivers, and social groups from various cultures. Self-reported measures, caregiving stress models, and conceptual theories have been developed to address the physical, financial, psychological, and social factors associated with the experience of dementia care...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524641/nursing-philosophy-2016-response-to-peter-allmark-s-article-aristotle-for-nursing
#4
Beverly J B Whelton
Preparing to lecture on Aristotle's contribution to Nursing at the International Philosophy of Nursing Conference August 22, 2016, in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, I came upon the recently published article by my IPONS colleague, Allmark (2016), "Aristotle for Nursing." Allmark (2016) provides a comprehensive and understandable overview of Aristotle's philosophical system including the substantial nature of being and the four causes of change. Nurses using Aristotle to support practice and theoretical research will benefit from a careful reading of Allmark to enrich their use of the realist understanding of knowledge of nature (epistemology) and the matter-form causal relationships within natural being (ontology and teleology)...
May 19, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523636/informing-materials-drugs-as-tools-for-exploring-cancer-mechanisms-and-pathways
#5
Etienne Vignola-Gagné, Peter Keating, Alberto Cambrosio
This paper builds on previous work that investigated anticancer drugs as 'informed materials', i.e., substances that undergo an informational enrichment that situates them in a dense relational web of qualifications and measurements generated by clinical experiments and clinical trials. The paper analyzes the recent transformation of anticancer drugs from 'informed' to 'informing material'. Briefly put: in the post-genomic era, anti-cancer drugs have become instruments for the production of new biological, pathological, and therapeutic insights into the underlying etiology and evolution of cancer...
June 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511609/why-the-history-of-nursing-ethics-matters
#6
Marsha D Fowler
Modern American nursing has an extensive ethical heritage literature that extends from the 1870s to 1965 when the American Nurses Association issued a policy paper that called for moving nursing education out of hospital diploma programs and into colleges and universities. One consequence of this move was the dispersion of nursing libraries and the loss of nursing ethics textbooks, as they were largely not brought over into the college libraries. In addition to approximately 100 nursing ethics textbooks, the nursing ethics heritage literature also includes hundreds of journal articles that are often made less accessible in modern databases that concentrate on the past 20 or 30 years...
May 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508673/ayurvedic-college-education-reifying-biomedicine-and-the-need-for-reflexivity
#7
Maarten Bode, Prasan Shankar
The paper analyses the experiences with government sanctioned Ayurvedic college education of 14 young Ayurvedic doctors working at the Integrative Health Centre in Bangalore, India. Unfamiliarity with Ayurvedic logic and Indian natural philosophies, lack of clinical training and the mixing-up of Ayurvedic and biomedical notions are their main complaints. The 14 young Ayurvedic doctors also missed a convincing perspective on how to integrate Ayurvedic logic, modern scientific knowledge and biomedical diagnostics...
May 16, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508086/revisiting-classical-design-in-engineering-from-a-perspective-of-frugality
#8
Balkrishna C Rao
The conservative nature of design in engineering has typically unleashed products fabricated with generous amounts of raw materials. This is epitomized by the factor of safety whose values higher than unity suggests various uncertainties of design that are tackled through material padding. This effort proposes a new factor of safety called the factor of frugality that could be used in ecodesign and which addresses both rigors of the classical design process and quantification of savings in materials going into a product...
May 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506602/ventricular-tachycardia-score-a-novel-method-for-wide-qrs-complex-tachycardia-differentiation-explained
#9
Marek Jastrzębski, Piotr Kukla, Danuta Czarnecka
Philosophy, merits and limitations of a novel method for wide QRS complex tachycardia differentiation, based on a scoring system and called the ventricular tachycardia (VT) score, were explained. The following criteria were assigned one point: initial dominant R wave in V1; initial r>40 ms in V1 or V2; notched S in V1; initial R wave in aVR; lead II RWPT≥50 ms; and absence of an RS in leads V1-V6. Atrioventricular dissociation (including fusion/capture beats and partial dissociation) was assigned two points...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502660/beauty-requires-thought
#10
Aenne A Brielmann, Denis G Pelli
The experience of beauty is a pleasure, but common sense and philosophy suggest that feeling beauty differs from sensuous pleasures such as eating or sex. Immanuel Kant [1, 2] claimed that experiencing beauty requires thought but that sensuous pleasure can be enjoyed without thought and cannot be beautiful. These venerable hypotheses persist in models of aesthetic processing [3-7] but have never been tested. Here, participants continuously rated the pleasure felt from a nominally beautiful or non-beautiful stimulus and then judged whether they had experienced beauty...
May 9, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502530/the-operating-room-of-the-future-versus-the-future-of-the-operating-room
#11
REVIEW
Amin B Kassam, Richard A Rovin, Sarika Walia, Srikant Chakravarthi, Juanita Celix, Jonathan Jennings, Sammy Khalili, Lior Gonen, Alejandro Monroy-Sosa, Melanie B Fukui
Technological advancement in the operating room is evolving into a dynamic system mirroring that of the aeronautics industry. Through data visualization, information is continuously being captured, collected, and stored on a scalable informatics platform for rapid, intuitive, iterative learning. The authors believe this philosophy (paradigm) will feed into an intelligent informatics domain fully accessible to all and geared toward precision, cell-based therapy in which tissue can be targeted and interrogated in situ...
June 2017: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499043/bioethics-and-transhumanism
#12
Allen Porter
Transhumanism is a "technoprogressive" socio-political and intellectual movement that advocates for the use of technology in order to transform the human organism radically, with the ultimate goal of becoming "posthuman." To this end, transhumanists focus on and encourage the use of new and emerging technologies, such as genetic engineering and brain-machine interfaces. In support of their vision for humanity, and as a way of reassuring those "bioconservatives" who may balk at the radical nature of that vision, transhumanists claim common ground with a number of esteemed thinkers and traditions, from the ancient philosophy of Plato and Aristotle to the postmodern philosophy of Nietzsche...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494619/improving-quality-of-care-for-end-stage-respiratory-disease-changes-in-attitude-changes-in-service
#13
D Robin Taylor, Scott A Murray
The illness trajectory for many patients with severe respiratory disease is characterized by steady decline. Yet most healthcare resources are poured into managing acute exacerbations that are only temporarily effective. Further, 'bad deaths' can result from inappropriate medical interventions at times of crisis. In this article, we describe a range of changes in attitudes, behaviour and service provision that together focus on improving quality of care for respiratory patients with frequent crises. These changes include prognostic conversations, developing and implementing anticipatory care plans both in hospital and in the outpatient settings, and establishing a supportive care clinic devoted to complex disease and optimizing palliative care...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492220/family-atmosphere-and-relationships-as-predictors-of-heroin-addiction
#14
Mitra Mirković-Hajdukov, Tamara Efendić Spahić, Rusmir Softić, Elvir Bećirović, Josip Šimić
INTRODUCTION: Studies show that dysfunctional family relationships are important predictors of addictions to all psychoactive substances. OBJECTIVE: To establish if there is a connection between family relations and heroin addiction and if found to exist, what is the quality of this connection. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This research was conducted on the sample comprised of 160 subjects divided into two groups. The first group consisted of 61 heroin addicts treated at the Tuzla University Clinical Centre Psychiatric Hospital...
May 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485670/hermeneutic-caring-conversations-in-forensic-psychiatric-caring
#15
Kenneth Rydenlund, Unni Å Lindström, Arne Rehnsfeldt
BACKGROUND: In forensic psychiatric care, a hermeneutic caring conversation between caregivers and patients can improve health outcomes. The hermeneutic approach entails starting from the whole and involves openness for what is shown as well as paying attention to the different parts. One way to deepen these conversations is to take advantage of both the caregivers' and the patients' life experiences. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: The purpose of the study is to discuss and reflect on what hermeneutic caring conversations can mean for a deepened understanding of the movement in the health processes of patients in forensic care, patients who are in deep suffering...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482691/the-philosophy-of-nosology
#16
Peter Zachar, Kenneth S Kendler
Many scholars believe that psychiatric nosology is undergoing a crisis of confidence. Some of the issues up for debate hark back to the introduction of the natural history approach to classification in the seventeenth century. Natural histories map sameness and difference rather than speculate about causes. In contrast, the natural classification approach aspires to carve nature at the joints by demarcating classifications by causes. Natural classifications are more ideal scientifically, but speculation about causality has had a poor track record in psychiatric nosology...
May 8, 2017: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482172/a-nurse-based-model-of-psychosocial-support-for-emotionally-distressed-mothers-of-newborns-in-the-nicu
#17
Rebecca Chuffo Davila, Lisa S Segre
Mothers whose newborns are hospitalized in the NICU are frequently emotionally distressed, particularly early in the hospitalization. The Family-Centered Developmental Care philosophy, widely adopted by NICUs, calls for an expanded focus on the well-being of the entire family. In this article, we describe an innovative, nurse-delivered program for emotionally distressed mothers of newborns in the NICU that includes screening and an empirically supported counseling approach: Listening Visits.
May 5, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481597/housing-first-on-a-large-scale-fidelity-strengths-and-challenges-in-the-va-s-hud-vash-program
#18
Stefan G Kertesz, Erika L Austin, Sally K Holmes, Aerin J DeRussy, Carol Van Deusen Lukas, David E Pollio
Housing First (HF) combines permanent supportive housing and supportive services for homeless individuals and removes traditional treatment-related preconditions for housing entry. There has been little research describing strengths and shortfalls of HF implementation outside of research demonstration projects. The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has transitioned to an HF approach in a supportive housing program serving over 85,000 persons. This offers a naturalistic window to study fidelity when HF is adopted on a large scale...
May 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480822/an-alchemical-quest-for-universal-knowledge-the-christian-philosophy-of-jan-baptist-van-helmont-1579-1644
#19
Anna Marie Roos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480058/understanding-investigators-attitudes-through-a-results-based-accountability-framework-within-a-single-ctsa-institution
#20
Erin Rothwell, Trent Matheson
PURPOSE: The National Center for Advancing Translation Science (NCATS) is implementing a new strategic management plan called the results-based accountability framework. This framework is part of the common metrics initiative. For successful implementation and adoption of new management strategies, it is important to assess current stakeholders' experiences and needs. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with principal investigators who are conducting research and supported by the Center for Clinical Translational Science at the University of Utah...
February 2017: J Clin Transl Sci
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