Read by QxMD icon Read

Prostate cancer bone microenvironment

Anais Fradet, Mathilde Bouchet, Carine Delliaux, Manon Gervais, Casina Kan, Claire Benetollo, Francesco Pantano, Geoffrey Vargas, Lamia Bouazza, Martine Croset, Yohann Bala, Xavier Leroy, Thomas J Rosol, Jennifer Rieusset, Akeila Bellahcène, Vincent Castronovo, Jane E Aubin, Philippe Clézardin, Martine Duterque-Coquillaud, Edith Bonnelye
Bone metastases are one of the main complications of prostate cancer and they are incurable. We investigated whether and how estrogen receptor-related receptor alpha (ERRα) is involved in bone tumor progression associated with advanced prostate cancer. By meta-analysis, we first found that ERRα expression is correlated with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), the hallmark of progressive disease. We then analyzed tumor cell progression and the associated signaling pathways in gain-of-function/loss-of-function CRPC models in vivo and in vitro...
October 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Eugenio Zoni, Gabri van der Pluijm
The skeleton represents a common site of metastases for osteotropic cancers such as prostate and breast tumors and novel therapeutic targets and new markers for the monitoring of bone lesions are urgently needed. The formation of bone metastases is a complex process that starts at the level of the confined tumor and that is characterized by a dynamic crosstalk between the primary cancer and the future metastatic site, the bone. Factors released by the primary tumor contribute to prepare a fertile "soil", where a "pre-metastatic niche" is established prior to future colonization by cancer cells...
September 2016: Journal of Bone Oncology
Sandy Liu, Radu M Cadaneanu, Baohui Zhang, Lihong Huo, Kevin Lai, Xinmin Li, Colette Galet, Tristan R Grogan, David Elashoff, Stephen J Freedland, Matthew Rettig, William J Aronson, Beatrice S Knudsen, Michael S Lewis, Isla P Garraway
BACKGROUND: Benign human prostate tubule-initiating cells (TIC) and aggressive prostate cancer display common traits, including tolerance of low androgen levels, resistance to apoptosis, and microenvironment interactions that drive epithelial budding and outgrowth. TIC can be distinguished from epithelial and stromal cells that comprise prostate tissue via cell sorting based upon Epcam, CD44, and CD49f antigenic profiles. Fetal prostate epithelial cells (FC) possess a similar antigenic profile to adult TIC and are capable of inducing tubule formation...
2016: PloS One
Mercedes Rodriguez-Teja, Claudia Breit, Mitchell Clarke, Kamil Talar, Kai Wang, Mohammad A Mohammad, Sage Pickwell, Guillermina Etchandy, Graeme J Stasiuk, Justin Sturge
Here we describe a protocol that can be used to study the biophysical microenvironment related to increased thickness and stiffness of the basement membrane (BM) during age-related pathologies and metabolic disorders (e.g. cancer, diabetes, microvascular disease, retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy). The premise of the model is non-enzymatic crosslinking of reconstituted BM (rBM) matrix by treatment with glycolaldehyde (GLA) to promote advanced glycation endproduct (AGE) generation via the Maillard reaction...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Amy A Lubik, Mannan Nouri, Sarah Truong, Mazyar Ghaffari, Hans H Adomat, Eva Corey, Michael E Cox, Na Li, Emma S Guns, Parvin Yenki, Steven Pham, Ralph Buttyan
Despite the substantial benefit of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for metastatic prostate cancer, patients often progress to castration-resistant disease (CRPC) that is more difficult to treat. CRPC is associated with renewed androgen receptor activity in tumor cells and restoration of tumor androgen levels through acquired intratumoral steroidogenesis (AIS). Although prostate cancer (PCa) cells have been shown to have steroidogenic capability in vitro, we previously found that benign prostate stromal cells (PrSCs) can also synthesize testosterone (T) from an adrenal precursor, DHEA, when stimulated with a hedgehog (Hh) pathway agonist, SAG...
September 27, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Sandra Casimiro, Arlindo R Ferreira, André Mansinho, Irina Alho, Luis Costa
Bone metastases ultimately result from a complex interaction between cancer cells and bone microenvironment. However, prior to the colonization of the bone, cancer cells must succeed through a series of steps that will allow them to detach from the primary tumor, enter into circulation, recognize and adhere to specific endothelium, and overcome dormancy. We now know that as important as the metastatic cascade, tumor cells prime the secondary organ microenvironment prior to their arrival, reflecting the existence of specific metastasis-initiating cells in the primary tumor and circulating osteotropic factors...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Anthony Atala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Urology
Christina J Turner, Claire M Edwards
The bone is a common site for metastasis in patients with advanced prostate carcinoma, and provides a 'fertile' milieu which stimulates tumour growth and associated bone disease. For years, the concept of treatment strategies has remained targeting the tumour itself; however, the occurrence of chemoresistance remains a challenge now more than ever. The attraction of targeting the bone microenvironment in order to disrupt tumour localisation and proliferation stems from the idea that stromal cells are superiorly stable at a genetic level, thus decreasing the risk of resistance manifestation...
October 2016: Current Osteoporosis Reports
W Nathaniel Brennen, Huong Nguyen, Susan L Dalrymple, Stephanie Reppert-Gerber, Jeesun Kim, John T Isaacs, Hans Hammers
Accurate modeling of angiogenesis in vitro is essential for guiding the preclinical development of novel anti-angiogenic agents and treatment strategies. The formation of new blood vessels is a multifactorial and multi-stage process dependent upon paracrine factors produced by stromal cells in the local microenvironment. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells in adults that can be recruited to sites of inflammation and tissue damage where they aid in wound healing through regenerative, trophic, and immunomodulatory properties...
August 17, 2016: Oncotarget
Sheng Huang, Yubo Tang, Xinsheng Peng, Xingdong Cai, Qingde Wa, Dong Ren, Qiji Li, Jiaquan Luo, Liangping Li, Xuenong Zou, Shuai Huang
Bone metastasis is a main cause of cancer-related mortality in patients with advanced prostate cancer. Emerging evidence suggests that the acidic extracellular microenvironment plays significant roles in the growth and metastasis of tumors. However, the effects of acidity on bone metastasis of PCa remain undefined. In the present study, PC-3 cells were cultured in acidic medium (AM; pH 6.5) or neutral medium (NM; pH 7.4), aiming to investigate the effects and possible mechanisms of acidic extracellular microenvironment in bone metastasis of PCa...
October 2016: Oncology Reports
Kathleen A Fitzgerald, Jianfeng Guo, Rosanne M Raftery, Irene Mencía Castaño, Caroline M Curtin, Matt Gooding, Raphael Darcy, Fergal J O' Brien, Caitriona M O' Driscoll
siRNA has emerged as a potential therapeutic for the treatment of prostate cancer but effective delivery remains a major barrier to its clinical application. This study aimed to develop and characterise a 3D in vitro co-culture model to simulate prostate cancer bone metastasis and to assess the ability of the model to investigate nanoparticle-mediated siRNA delivery and gene knockdown. PC3 or LNCaP prostate cancer cells were co-cultured with hFOB 1.19 osteoblast cells in 2D on plastic tissue culture plates and in 3D on collagen scaffolds mimicking the bone microenvironment...
September 25, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Emma V Morris, Claire M Edwards
The bone marrow is a favored site for a number of cancers, including the hematological malignancy multiple myeloma, and metastasis of breast and prostate cancer. This specialized microenvironment is highly supportive, not only for tumor growth and survival but also for the development of an associated destructive cancer-induced bone disease. The interactions between tumor cells, osteoclasts and osteoblasts are well documented. By contrast, despite occupying a significant proportion of the bone marrow, the importance of bone marrow adipose tissue is only just emerging...
2016: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Mackenzie Katheryn Herroon, Jonathan Driscoll Diedrich, Izabela Podgorski
Adipocytes are a major component of the bone marrow that can critically affect metastatic progression in bone. Understanding how the marrow fat cells influence growth, behavior, and survival of tumor cells requires utilization of in vitro cell systems that can closely mimic the physiological microenvironment. Herein, we present two new three-dimensional (3D) culture approaches to study adipocyte-tumor cell interactions in vitro. The first is a transwell-based system composed of the marrow-derived adipocytes in 3D collagen I gels and reconstituted basement membrane-overlayed prostate tumor cell spheroids...
2016: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Kenta Watanabe, Tsukasa Tominari, Michiko Hirata, Chiho Matsumoto, Takayuki Maruyama, Gillian Murphy, Hideaki Nagase, Chisato Miyaura, Masaki Inada
The metastasis of tumors to bone is known to be promoted by prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) produced by the tumor host stromal tissue. Although bone metastases frequently occur in prostate cancer patients, the significance of PGE2 in stromal responses to the tumor is not known. In this study, we report that PGE2 and its receptor EP4 play a pivotal role in bone destruction and metastasis in an experimental metastasis model of prostate cancer in nude mice. Using human prostate cancer PC-3 cells that are stably transfected with luciferase, we showed that the development of bone metastasis was accompanied by increased osteoclastic bone resorption in the bone metastasis microenvironment, and could be abrogated by an EP4 receptor antagonist...
September 9, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Sambad Sharma, Fei Xing, Yin Liu, Kerui Wu, Neveen Said, Radhika Pochampally, Yusuke Shiozawa, Hui-Kuan Lin, K C Balaji, Kounosuke Watabe
Prostate cancer is known to frequently recur in bone; however, how dormant cells switch its phenotype leading to recurrent tumor remains poorly understood. We have isolated two syngeneic cell lines (indolent and aggressive) through in vivo selection by implanting PC3mm stem-like cells into tibial bones. We found that indolent cells retained the dormant phenotype, whereas aggressive cells grew rapidly in bone in vivo, and the growth rates of both cells in culture were similar, suggesting a role of the tumor microenvironment in the regulation of dormancy and recurrence...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Leah M Cook, Arturo Araujo, Julio M Pow-Sang, Mikalai M Budzevich, David Basanta, Conor C Lynch
The ability to rapidly assess the efficacy of therapeutic strategies for incurable bone metastatic prostate cancer is an urgent need. Pre-clinical in vivo models are limited in their ability to define the temporal effects of therapies on simultaneous multicellular interactions in the cancer-bone microenvironment. Integrating biological and computational modeling approaches can overcome this limitation. Here, we generated a biologically driven discrete hybrid cellular automaton (HCA) model of bone metastatic prostate cancer to identify the optimal therapeutic window for putative targeted therapies...
2016: Scientific Reports
Pedro Barcellos-de-Souza, Giuseppina Comito, Coral Pons-Segura, Maria Letizia Taddei, Valentina Gori, Valentina Becherucci, Franco Bambi, Francesca Margheri, Anna Laurenzana, Mario Del Rosso, Paola Chiarugi
Tumor stromal cells can supply appropriate signals that may develop aggressive phenotypes of carcinoma cells and establish a complex scenario which culminates in metastasis. Recent works proposed that bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are recruited to primary tumors. However, the exact functions of these cells in the tumor microenvironment are not well characterized, as it is reported that MSC can either promote or inhibit tumor progression. In the present study, we aim at investigating the signaling molecules which regulate the interplay between MSC, prostate carcinoma (PCa) cells and two important cellular types constituting the tumor-associated stroma, macrophages and fibroblasts, during their progression towards malignancy...
June 14, 2016: Stem Cells
Cora Sternberg, Andrew Armstrong, Roberto Pili, Siobhan Ng, Robert Huddart, Neeraj Agarwal, Denis Khvorostenko, Olexiy Lyulko, Arija Brize, Nicholas Vogelzang, Rémy Delva, Mihai Harza, Anastasios Thanos, Nicholas James, Patrick Werbrouck, Martin Bögemann, Thomas Hutson, Piotr Milecki, Simon Chowdhury, Enrique Gallardo, Gilberto Schwartsmann, Jean-Christophe Pouget, Frédérique Baton, Thore Nederman, Helen Tuvesson, Michael Carducci
PURPOSE: Tasquinimod, a novel oral therapy targeting the tumor microenvironment, significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) in a randomized, placebo-controlled phase II trial in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). This phase III study was conducted to confirm the phase II results and to detect an overall survival (OS) benefit. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Men with chemotherapy-naïve mCRPC and evidence of bone metastases were assigned (2:1) to receive tasquinimod once per day or placebo until progression or toxicity...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
T D Rachner, F Jakob, L C Hofbauer
The occurrence of bone metastases, in particular secondary to breast and prostate cancer, represents a complex medical condition that is debilitating for affected patients. In order to provide an efficient and personalized therapy, an interdisciplinary treatment approach is mandatory; therefore, systemic pharmacological therapy represents a core element of the overall treatment concept. In terms of pathophysiology, the cancer cells cause a massive disturbance of the local bone microenvironment, which as a rule leads to activation of bone resorbing osteoclasts...
July 2016: Der Internist
Giuseppina Comito, Coral Pons Segura, Maria Letizia Taddei, Michele Lanciotti, Sergio Serni, Andrea Morandi, Paola Chiarugi, Elisa Giannoni
Zoledronic acid (ZA) is a biphosphonate used for osteoporosis treatment and also proved to be effective to reduce the pain induced by bone metastases when used as adjuvant therapy in solid cancers. However, it has been recently proposed that ZA could have direct anti-tumour effects, although the molecular mechanism is unknown. We herein unravel a novel anti-tumour activity of ZA in prostate cancer (PCa), by targeting the pro-tumorigenic properties of both stromal and immune cells. Particularly, we demonstrate that ZA impairs PCa-induced M2-macrophages polarization, reducing their pro-invasive effect on tumour cells and their pro-angiogenic features...
May 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"