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Aortic valvuloplasty

Roland Hilling-Smith, James Cockburn, Maureen Dooley, Jessica Parker, Andrea Newton, Andrew Hill, Uday Trivedi, Adam de Belder, David Hildick-Smith
: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) are now well established percutaneous procedures. These procedures almost always require bursts of rapid ventricular pacing to temporarily reduce cardiac output to facilitate the procedure, usually done via a temporary pacing wire inserted into the right ventricle. We describe a case series of 132 cases of TAVI and 76 BAV done using ventricular pacing via the left ventricular lead by simply connecting one electrode to the patient's skin and one electrode through the left ventricular (LV) wire...
October 11, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Yigal Abramowitz, Hasan Jilaihawi, Tarun Chakravarty, Yoshio Maeno, Hiroyuki Kawamori, Yoshio Kazuno, Geeteshwar Mangat, Tanya Rami, Zev Allison, David Anderson, Larry Chan, Wen Cheng, Raj R Makkar
OBJECTIVES: Aortic valve preparation with balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) has been previously considered mandatory during transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedures. BAV-inherent risks including stroke, conduction abnormalities, and reduced device profile size established the rationale for safe valve deployment without the need for aggressive valve preparation. We investigate the feasibility and safety of performing Sapien 3 (S3; Edwards Lifesciences) balloon-expandable TAVI with moderate or without predilation (PD)...
October 2016: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
Kemal Nişli, Serra Karaca, Aygün Dindar
Balloon valvuloplasty is an effective therapy for severe congenital aortic valve stenosis, with mild aortic insufficiency and minimal intermediate-term restenosis. No consensus currently exists regarding optimal vascular approach for balloon dilatation in newborns with critical or severe aortic valve stenosis. Critical aortic valve stenosis in newborns must be treated promptly and effectively. Transcatheter therapy may offer marked advantages, as surgical therapy has been associated with significant rates of morbidity and mortality...
September 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Patrick M Sullivan, Agustin E Rubio, Troy A Johnston, Thomas K Jones
OBJECTIVES: To describe long-term risk of mortality, aortic insufficiency (AI), and re-intervention following balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) in pediatric patients and to identify risk factors for re-intervention. BACKGROUND: Few studies report long-term outcomes following BAV in infants and children. METHODS: Kaplan-Meier estimates and proportional hazards regression were used in a retrospective study of 154 patients undergoing BAV from 1993 to 2013...
September 21, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Roland Fiszer, Małgorzata Szkutnik, Linda Litwin, Sebastian Smerdziński, Beata Chodór, Jacek Białkowski
INTRODUCTION: Balloon angioplasty (BAP) and aortic or pulmonary balloon valvuloplasty (BAV, BPV) are well-established treatment options in congenital heart defects. Recently, significant technological progress has been made and new catheters have been implemented in clinical practice. AIM: To analyze the results of BAP, BAV and BPV with the new balloon catheter Valver and its second generation Valver II, which the company Balton (Poland) launched and developed. These catheters have not been clinically evaluated yet...
2016: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
Neal S Kleiman, Brijeshwar J Maini, Michael J Reardon, John Conte, Stanley Katz, Vivek Rajagopal, James Kauten, Alan Hartman, Raymond McKay, Robert Hagberg, Jian Huang, Jeffrey Popma
BACKGROUND: The risk for stroke after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is an important concern. Identification of predictors for stroke is likely to be a critical factor aiding patient selection and management as TAVR use becomes widespread. METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients enrolled in the CoreValve US Extreme Risk and High Risk Pivotal Trials or Continued Access Study treated with the self-expanding CoreValve bioprosthesis were included in this analysis...
September 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
Kevin Gao, Ritu Sachdeva, Bryan H Goldstein, Sean Lang, Christopher J Petit
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the relationship between aortic valve morphology and left ventricular (LV) systolic function in children with aortic stenosis (AS) prior to balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV). BACKGROUND: Both aortic valve morphology and LV systolic function have been linked with outcomes in children with congenital AS undergoing BAV. The relationship between aortic valve morphology and LV function is poorly defined despite their importance in regard to outcomes...
September 2016: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
Julia S Donald, Igor E Konstantinov
Balloon aortic valve dilatation (BAD : is assumed to provide the same outcomes as surgical aortic valvuloplasty (SAV). However, the development of precise modern surgical valvuloplasty techniques may result in better long-term durability of the aortic valve repair. This review of the recent literature suggests that current SAV provides a safe and durable repair. Furthermore, primary SAV appears to have greater freedom from reintervention and aortic valve replacement when compared to BAD.
September 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
Francesco Saia, Carolina Moretti, Gianni Dall'Ara, Cristina Ciuca, Nevio Taglieri, Alessandra Berardini, Pamela Gallo, Marina Cannizzo, Matteo Chiarabelli, Niccolò Ramponi, Linda Taffani, Maria Letizia Bacchi-Reggiani, Cinzia Marrozzini, Claudio Rapezzi, Antonio Marzocchi
BACKGROUND: Whilst the majority of the patients with severe aortic stenosis can be directly addressed to surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) or transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), in some instances additional information may be needed to complete the diagnostic workout. We evaluated the role of balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) as a bridge-to-decision (BTD) in selected high-risk patients. METHODS: Between 2007 and 2012, the heart team in our Institution required BTD BAV in 202 patients...
September 2016: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
Claire Bouleti, Marion Chauvet, Guillaume Franchineau, Dominique Himbert, Bernard Iung, Benjamin Alos, Eric Brochet, Marina Urena, Walid Ghodbane, Phalla Ou, Sophie Provenchere, Patrick Nataf, Alec Vahanian
OBJECTIVES: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has reoriented the treatment of aortic stenosis (AS) for high-risk patients. Little is known about late outcome after TAVI, surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) or medical treatment in a single centre. We report patients' characteristics, early and 6-year survival rates after the three therapeutic strategies, and the evolution over time. We also analysed predictive factors of mortality after TAVI or surgical AVR. METHODS: Between October 2006 and December 2010, 478 high-risk consecutive patients were referred for severe symptomatic AS...
August 30, 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
Hashrul N Rashid, Liam M McCormick, Robert P Gooley, Ian T Meredith
A 79-year-old man with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was found to have an abdominal aortic aneurysm and worsening dyspnoea. Echocardiography demonstrated critical aortic stenosis. Simultaneous endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) was recommended due to high surgical risk. Procedural strategy was to perform balloon valvuloplasty (BAV), followed by EVAR then TAVR. The initial 25 mm Lotus valve adopted a barrel shape suggestive of an undersized valve and was thus replaced with a 27 mm valve...
August 30, 2016: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
Manolis Vavuranakis, Konstantinos Kalogeras, Maria Lavda, Michail-Aggelos Kolokathis, Theodoros Papaioannou, Euaggelos Oikonomou, Mursini Stasinopoulou, Dimitrios Vrachatis, Carmen Moldovan, Maria Kariori, Evelina Bei, Sophia Vaina, Georgios Lazaros, Ourania Katsarou, Gerasimos Siasos, Dimitrios Tousoulis
BACKGROUND: 'Cover index' has been proposed to appraise the congruence between the aortic annulus and the device, with the assumption of not taking into account the actual device implantation depth. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the annulus-prosthesis mismatch, as expressed with the new proposed 'true cover index' according to actual implantation depth, can predict aortic regurgitation (AR) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). METHODS: Patients who had undergone TAVI with the self-expandable CoreValve device, were retrospectively studied...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Carlos Ferrera, Luis Nombela-Franco, Eulogio Garcia, Pilar Jimenez-Quevedo, Corina Biagioni, Nieves Gonzalo, Ivan Nuñez-Gil, Ana Viana-Tejedor, Pablo Salinas, Jose Alberto de Agustin, Carlos Almeria, Fabian Islas, Leopoldo Perez de Isla, Cristina Fernandez-Perez, Javier Escaned, Antonio Fernández-Ortiz, Carlos Macaya
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and midterm hemodynamic results of direct transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) without pre-implantation balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV). BACKGROUND: BAV was considered a mandatory previous step in TAVR procedures. METHODS: A total of 339 consecutive patients who underwent transfemoral TAVR were prospectively selected. A 1:1 matching was conducted, pairing age, prosthesis type (self-expandable or balloon expandable) and size, and valve calcification grade (48% with moderate to severe valve calcification)...
August 12, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Marzena Daniec, Bartłomiej Nawrotek, Danuta Sorysz, Tomasz Rakowski, Artur Dziewierz, Łukasz Rzeszutko, Paweł Kleczyński, Jarosław Trębacz, Marek Tomala, Krzysztof Żmudka, Dariusz Dudek
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the indications, short- and long-term outcomes of balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). METHODS: A cohort of 112 patients with AS underwent 114 BAV procedures between October 2012 and July 2015 in two Polish interventional cardiology centers. Clinical and echocardiographic data were prospectively collected within 1, 6, and 12 months follow-up. RESULTS: BAV was performed as a bridge to TAVI (51...
August 12, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Kosaku Toyota, Takashi Ota, Katsutoshi Nagamine, Yasuhiro Koide, Takeshi Nomura, Futoshi Yamanaka, Koki Shishido, Masashi Tanaka, Shigeru Saito
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) for patients with aortic stenosis is a less invasive alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement. Despite this, careful anesthetic management, especially strict control of blood pressure and fluid management, is necessary. During TAVI, normalization of left ventricular afterload due to aortic balloon valvuloplasty and prosthetic valve deployment is expected to result in rapid improvement of systolic function and consequent improvement in diastolic function...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Benjamin Faurie, Mohamed Abdellaoui, Fabrice Wautot, Patrick Staat, Didier Champagnac, Jérome Wintzer-Wehekind, Gérald Vanzetto, Bernard Bertrand, Jacques Monségu
OBJECTIVES: We sought to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of rapid left ventricular (LV) pacing through the guidewire during balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) and Transaortic valve implantation (TAVI). BACKGROUND: Right ventricular temporary pacing during TAVI and BAV is time-consuming and associated with vascular and pericardial complications. METHODS: Rapid left ventricular pacing was provided via the back-up 0.035″ guidewire. The cathode of an external pacemaker was placed on the tip of the 0...
August 11, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Garick D Hill, Salil Ginde, Rodrigo Rios, Peter C Frommelt, Kevin D Hill
BACKGROUND: Optimal initial treatment for congenital aortic valve stenosis in children remains unclear between balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) and surgical aortic valvotomy (SAV). METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a contemporary systematic review and meta-analysis to compare survival in children with congenital aortic valve stenosis. Secondary outcomes included frequency of at least moderate regurgitation at hospital discharge as well as rates of aortic valve replacement and reintervention...
August 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Raphaël P Martins, Vincent Galand, Edouard Colette, Nathalie Behar, Dominique Pavin, Christophe Leclercq, Jean-Claude Daubert, Philippe Mabo
Non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are currently recommended for patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation since the publication of the 4 major pivotal trials evaluating the efficacy and safety of factor IIa and factor Xa inhibitors. The definition of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation is unclear, varying from one trial to another and even between North American and European guidelines, which is a source of uncertainties in clinical practice. However, many patients with atrial fibrillation present signs of valvular involvement, and clarification of this term is needed to not deny NOACs to patients based on the wrong perception that they may have valvular atrial fibrillation...
August 2016: American Heart Journal
J Liu, H M Guo, Q Gao, B Chen, B Xie, H L Huang, J Liu, C Lu, J M Chen, J Zhuang
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the clinical experience of 60 patients underwent three-dimensional video assisted thoracoscopic mitral valvuloplasty. METHODS: Sixty patients were enrolled retrospectively from March 2014 to January 2016 in Department of Cardiacvascular Surgery, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute. They underwent three-dimensional video assisted thoracoscopic mitral valvuloplasty. There were 37 male and 23 female patients. The range of age was 15 to 78 years (the median age was 47 years)...
August 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
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