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Aortic valvuloplasty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688833/balloon-aortic-valvuloplasty-in-the-transcatheter-valve-era-single-centre-indications-and-early-safety-data-in-a-high-risk-population
#1
Thomas J Ford, Katherine Nguyen, Joseph Brassil, Virag Kushwaha, Daniel Friedman, Roger Allan, Mark Pitney, Nigel Jepson
BACKGROUND: The introduction of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has generated a renewed interest in the techniques available to treat high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). We report our single centre experience with balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) focussing on indications, procedural success and 30-day outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients that underwent BAV procedures at our institution between August 2012 and August 2014...
June 2, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676065/prior-balloon-valvuloplasty-versus-direct-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-directavi-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Florence Leclercq, Pierre Robert, Jessica Labour, Benoit Lattuca, Mariama Akodad, Jean-Christophe Macia, Richard Gervasoni, Francois Roubille, Thomas Gandet, Laurent Schmutz, Erika Nogue, Nicolas Nagot, Bernard Albat, Guillaume Cayla
BACKGROUND: Balloon predilatation of the aortic valve has been regarded as an essential step during the transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedure. However, recent evidence has suggested that aortic valvuloplasty may cause complications and that high success rates may be obtained without prior dilatation of the valve. We hypothesize that TAVI performed without predilatation of the aortic valve and using new-generation balloon-expandable transcatheter heart valves is associated with a better net clinical benefit than TAVI performed with predilatation...
July 4, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673639/management-and-outcome-of-residual-aortic-regurgitation-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#3
Edward Koifman, Romain Didier, Hector Garcia-Garcia, Gaby Weissman, Andrew W Ertel, Sarkis Kiramijyan, Arie Steinvil, Toby Rogers, Nirav Patel, Sandeep Kumar, Arpi Tavil-Shatelyan, Itsik Ben-Dor, Augusto D Pichard, Rebecca Torguson, Jiaxiang Gai, Lowell F Satler, Ron Waksman
We aimed to evaluate the success rates of balloon valvuloplasty post-dilation (BVPD) and a second-valve deployment in reducing residual aortic regurgitation (AR) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and its impact on outcome. Residual AR immediately post-TAVI in patients with aortic stenosis is a common condition that adversely affects outcome. Patients who underwent TAVI who had more-than-mild residual AR were managed either with medical therapy, re-intervention with BVPD, or a second valve...
May 31, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641846/conduction-abnormalities-and-permanent%C3%A2-pacemaker-implantation-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-using-the-repositionable-lotus-device-the-united-kingdom-experience
#4
Rajiv Rampat, M Zeeshan Khawaja, Roland Hilling-Smith, Jonathan Byrne, Philip MacCarthy, Daniel J Blackman, Arvindra Krishnamurthy, Ashan Gunarathne, Jan Kovac, Adrian Banning, Raj Kharbanda, Sami Firoozi, Stephen Brecker, Simon Redwood, Vinayak Bapat, Michael Mullen, Suneil Aggarwal, Ganesh Manoharan, Mark S Spence, Saib Khogali, Maureen Dooley, James Cockburn, Adam de Belder, Uday Trivedi, David Hildick-Smith
OBJECTIVES: The authors report the incidence of pacemaker implantation up to hospital discharge and the factors influencing pacing rate following implantation of the LOTUS bioprosthesis (Boston Scientific, Natick, Massachusetts) in the United Kingdom. BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is associated with a significant need for permanent pacemaker implantation. Pacing rates vary according to the device used. The REPRISE II (Repositionable Percutaneous Replacement of Stenotic Aortic Valve Through Implantation of Lotus Valve System) trial reported a pacing rate of 29% at 30 days after implantation of the LOTUS device...
June 26, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570233/sex-related-differences-in-outcomes-after-percutaneous-balloon-aortic-valvuloplasty
#5
Marzena Daniec, Artur Dziewierz, Danuta Sorysz, Paweł Kleczyński, Tomasz Rakowski, Łukasz Rzeszutko, Jarosław Trębacz, Marek Tomala, Bartłomiej Nawrotek, Krzysztof Żmudka, Dariusz Dudek
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate sex-related differences in short-term and long-term outcomes of patients undergoing balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) for severe aortic stenosis (AS). METHODS: A total of 112 patients with severe AS underwent 114 BAV procedures as palliative procedure, bridge to definitive treatment, or before urgent non-cardiac surgery. Patients were followed for 24 months. RESULTS: Of the 112 patients, 70 (62.5%) were women...
June 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566471/emergency-treatment-of-decompensated-aortic-stenosis
#6
Dario Bongiovanni, Constantin Kühl, Sabine Bleiziffer, Lynne Stecher, Felix Poch, Martin Greif, Julinda Mehilli, Steffen Massberg, Norbert Frey, Rüdiger Lange, Karl-Ludwig Laugwitz, Gerhard Schymik, Derk Frank, Christian Kupatt
OBJECTIVE: The optimal treatment of patients with acute and severe decompensation of aortic stenosis is unclear due to recent advances in transcatheter interventions and supportive therapies. Our aim was to assess the early outcome of emergency transcatheter aortic valve implantation (eTAVI) versus emergency balloon aortic valvuloplasty (eBAV) followed by TAVI under elective circumstances. METHODS: Emergency conditions were defined as: cardiogenic shock with requirement of catecholamine therapy, severe acute dyspnoea (NYHA IV), cardiac resuscitation or mechanic respiratory support...
May 31, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566243/timing-of-onset-and-outcome-of-new-conduction-abnormalities-following-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-role-of-balloon-aortic-valvuloplasty
#7
Francisco Campelo-Parada, Luis Nombela-Franco, Marina Urena, Ander Regueiro, Pilar Jiménez-Quevedo, María Del Trigo, Chekrallah Chamandi, Tania Rodríguez-Gabella, Vincent Auffret, Omar Abdul-Jawad Altisent, Robert DeLarochellière, Jean-Michel Paradis, Eric Dumont, François Philippon, Nicasio Pérez-Castellano, Rishi Puri, Carlos Macaya, Josep Rodés-Cabau
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the timing of onset and outcome of conduction abnormalities (CA) following balloon-expandable transcatheter aortic valve implantation. The aim of this study was to examine the timing of CA and determine the impact of balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) on the persistence of these abnormalities. METHODS: A total of 347 patients were included. Of these, 75 had a continuous electrocardiogram recording and a 6-lead electrocardiogram at each step of the procedure...
May 26, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544842/transfemoral-valve-in-valve-in-a-degenerated-small-aortic-bioprosthesis-five-year-follow-up
#8
Stefano Salizzoni, Federico Conrotto, Mauro Rinaldi, Gian Paolo Ussia, Gaetana Ferraro, Mauro Giorgi, Maurizio D'Amico
A small-sized bioprosthesis can limit transcatheter valve-in-valve (V-in-V) implantations. The case is reported of a 91-year-old woman who had successfully undergone a V-in-V procedure with a 26 mm CoreValve in a previously implanted Mitroflow 19 mm valve. At the five-year follow up the prosthesis showed good echocardiographic function and the patient was alive and free from major symptoms. The patient died three months after the follow up examination at the age of 96 years. This case demonstrates the feasibility, with acceptable longterm functioning, of a V-in-V procedure involving a small bioprosthesis...
January 2017: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543953/improved-technical-success-postnatal-outcomes-and-refined-predictors-of-outcome-for-fetal-aortic-valvuloplasty
#9
Kevin G Friedman, Lynn A Sleeper, Lindsay R Freud, Audrey C Marshall, Max E Godfrey, Monika Drogosz, Terra Lafranchi, Carol B Benson, Louise E Wilkins-Haug, Wayne Tworetzky
BACKGROUND: Fetal aortic valvuloplasty (FAV) may prevent progression of mid-gestation aortic stenosis (AS) to hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). METHODS: We evaluate outcomes in 123 fetuses that underwent FAV between 2000 and 2015. We analyze whether technical success and biventricular (Biv) outcome changed from the early era (2000-08) to a more recent era (2009-15) and identify pre-FAV predictors of Biv outcome. We developed CART models to predict the likelihood of Biv outcome...
May 22, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511027/ross-konno-procedure-with-cylinder-mitral-valve-replacement-in-49-days-old-infant
#10
Oleg Fedevych, Oleksandr Yachnik, Yaroslav Mykychak, Yaroslav Ivanov, Olga Borodinova, Illya Yemets
A neonate with antenatally diagnosed severe aortic valve stenosis, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, left ventricular endocardial fibroelastosis, and severe mixed mitral valve disease was admitted to our center for balloon aortic valvuloplasty. On day 49, we performed a Ross-Konno procedure and mitral valve replacement on the baby, whose weight was 3.4 kg. Right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery continuity was restored with a handmade trileaflet Gore-Tex conduit. We used a handmade cylindrical prosthesis made from decellularized equine pericardium in the mitral position...
January 1, 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495898/balloon-aortic-valvuloplasty-is-it-still-relevant
#11
EDITORIAL
Sam Dawkins, Raj R Makkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495894/morbidity-and-mortality-associated-with-balloon-aortic-valvuloplasty-a-national-perspective
#12
Mohamad Alkhouli, Chad J Zack, Mohammad Sarraf, Riyaz Bashir, Rick A Nishimura, Mackram F Eleid, Vuyisile T Nkomo, Gurpreet S Sandhu, Rajiv Gulati, Kevin L Greason, David R Holmes, Charanjit S Rihal
BACKGROUND: The introduction of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) led to renewed interest in balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV). We sought to assess contemporary trends in BAV utilization and their outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was used to identify patients who underwent BAV between 2004 and 2013. In-hospital morbidity and mortality, and predictors of death after BAV were assessed. Outcomes of propensity-matched groups of patients undergoing elective BAV or TAVR were evaluated...
May 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488419/balloon-aortic-valvuloplasty-in-contemporary-practice
#13
Kully Sandhu, Suresh Krishnamoorthy, Ashari Afif, James Nolan, Mark G Gunning
BACKGROUND: There has been a revival of balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) for severe aortic stenosis, as a result of an increasing number of patients undergoing trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). However, there has not been universal adoption of BAV as a standalone, nor bridging therapy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the practice at our institution between June 2009 and May 2016 was performed. Demographic, clinical, procedural, and follow-up data on all patients were collected...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479042/baseline-characteristics-and-outcomes-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-patients-with-or-without-previous-balloon-aortic-valvuloplasty-insights-from-the-france-2-registry
#14
Loïc Bière, Amélie Durfort, Olivier Fouquet, Jean-François Hamel, Pascal Leprince, Karine Chevreul, Alain Prat, Michel Lievre, Patrick Donzeau-Gouge, Jean Fajadet, Emmanuel Teiger, Hélène Eltchaninoff, Bernard Iung, Alain Leguerrier, Martine Gilard, Alain Furber
BACKGROUND: Some patients who are at high surgical risk because of multiple co-morbidities undergo balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) as a bridge therapy towards transcatheter aortic-valve implantation (TAVI). AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the clinical course of patients with or without previous BAV who underwent TAVI and were included in the FRANCE 2 registry. METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2011, 3953 patients underwent TAVI...
May 3, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468272/clinical-correlates-and-prognostic-value-of-plasma-galectin-3-levels-in-degenerative-aortic-stenosis-a-single-center-prospective-study-of-patients-referred-for-invasive-treatment
#15
Beata Bobrowska, Ewa Wieczorek-Surdacka, Olga Kruszelnicka, Bernadeta Chyrchel, Andrzej Surdacki, Dariusz Dudek
Galectin-3 (Gal-3), a β-galactoside-binding lectin, has been implicated in myocardial fibrosis, development of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and transition from compensated LV hypertrophy to overt heart failure (HF), being a novel prognostic marker in HF. Risk stratification is crucial for the choice of the optimal therapy in degenerative aortic stenosis (AS), affecting elderly subjects with coexistent diseases. Our aim was to assess correlates and prognostic value of circulating Gal-3 in real-world patients with degenerative AS referred for invasive treatment...
April 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384638/fetal-aortic-valvuloplasty-experience-and-results-of-two-tertiary-centers-in-spain
#16
Alberto Galindo, Enery Gómez-Montes, Olga Gómez, Mar Bennasar, Fàtima Crispi, Ignacio Herraiz, Alberto Mendoza, David Escribano, Enrique García-Torres, Juan Manuel Carretero, Eduard Gratacós, Josep María Martínez
OBJECTIVE: Fetal aortic valvuloplasty (FAV) may avoid progression of critical aortic stenosis (CAS) to hypoplastic left ventricle, improving the options for biventricular circulation (BVC). We describe the results of FAV in 2 referral centers in Spain. METHODS: We analyzed all FAVs performed in the period 2007-2015. The selection of candidates, the technique, and postnatal management were made following an agreed protocol. A descriptive analysis of survival, type of circulation after birth, and complications was made, considering all deaths in the first 48 h after FAV as FAV-related...
April 7, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377189/outcomes-of-hemodynamic-support-with-impella-in-very-high-risk-patients-undergoing-balloon-aortic-valvuloplasty-results-from-the-global-cvad-registry
#17
Vikas Singh, Pradeep K Yadav, Marvin H Eng, Francisco Yuri Macedo, Guilherme V Silva, Rodrigo Mendirichaga, Amit P Badiye, Rahul Sakhuja, Sammy Elmariah, Ignacio Inglessis, Carlos E Alfonso, Theodore L Schreiber, Mauricio Cohen, Igor Palacios, William W O'Neill
BACKGROUND: Reports on the role of hemodynamic support devices in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction undergoing balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) are limited. METHODS: Patients were identified from the cVAD registry, an ongoing multicenter voluntary registry at selected sites in North America that have used Impella in >10 patients. RESULTS: A total of 116 patients with AS who underwent BAV with Impella support were identified...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367436/severe-aortic-stenosis-and-severe-coarctation-of-the-aorta-a-hybrid-approach-to-treatment
#18
Daniel McLennan, Massimo Caputo, Demetris Taliotis
Hybrid surgery is becoming more popular in the treatment of children with congenital heart disease, particularly small infants and neonates. We report a case of a patient with aortic stenosis (AS) and coarctation of the aorta (CoA). CASE: a 1-month-old baby presented with severe AS and CoA. The decision was made to perform a hybrid surgical procedure. The patient underwent a lateral thoracotomy for repair of the CoA and carotid cutdown for aortic balloon valvuloplasty (AoVP).
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344186/omission-of-predilation-in-balloon-expandable-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-retrospective-analysis-in-a-large-volume-center
#19
Karsten Hamm, Wilko Reents, Michael Zacher, Philipp Halbfass, Sebastian Kerber, Anno Diegeler, Bernhard Schieffer, Sebastian Barth
AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the effect of omitting predilation on feasibility, procedural results and safety in balloon-expandable TAVI. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed an analysis of all 680 patients scheduled for a balloon expandable TAVI prosthesis between january 2011 and august 2016. Patients treated with or without predilation were compared. Procedure times decreased from 85.6±42.9 to 56.7±26.1 minutes (p<0.001), fluoroscopy times from 9.5±5.7 to 6...
March 28, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335899/percutaneous-plug-based-arteriotomy-closure-device-for-large-bore-access-a-multicenter-prospective-study
#20
Nicolas M Van Mieghem, Azeem Latib, Jan van der Heyden, Lennart van Gils, Joost Daemen, Todd Sorzano, Jurgen Ligthart, Karin Witberg, Thom de Kroon, Nathaniel Maor, Antonio Mangieri, Matteo Montorfano, Peter P de Jaegere, Antonio Colombo, Gary Roubin
OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to study the safety and efficacy of the MANTA Vascular Closure Device (VCD), a novel collagen-based technology dedicated to closure of large-bore arteriotomies. BACKGROUND: Novel transfemoral therapeutic interventions requiring large-bore catheters have become valid minimally invasive options but have inherent access management challenges. To date, no dedicated vascular closure devices exist for large arteriotomies. METHODS: A prospective, single-arm clinical investigation enrolling patients who underwent elective percutaneous interventions with large-bore catheters and planned percutaneous arteriotomy closure in 3 European institutions...
March 27, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
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