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Bowel anastomosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140596/florence-robotic-intracorporeal-neobladder-florin-a-new-reconfiguration-strategy-developed-following-the-ideal-guidelines
#1
Andrea Minervini, Davide Vanacore, Gianni Vittori, Martina Milanesi, Agostino Tuccio, Giampaolo Siena, Riccardo Campi, Andrea Mari, Andrea Gavazzi, Marco Carini
OBJECTIVE: To describe our step-by-step technique for robotic intracorporeal neobladder configuration, including the stages of conception, development and exploration of this surgical innovation, according to the IDEAL Collaboration guidelines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: FloRIN neobladder was performed after the following main surgical steps: isolation of 50 cm of ileum; bowel anastomosis; urethro-ileal anastomosis creating an asymmetrical U shape (30 cm distally and 20 cm proximally to anastomosis), ileum detubularisation; posterior wall reconfiguration as an L; bladder neck reconstruction; anterior folding of the posterior plate to reach the 12 o'clock position; uretero-enteral "orthotopic" bilateral anastomosis...
November 15, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138668/-left-paraduodenal-hernia-a-rare-cause-of-bowel-obstruction
#2
Mohammed Alila, Abdelouahab Marouni, Imane Toughrai
We here report two cases of acute bowel obstruction. Emergency intervention showed left obstructive paraduodenal hernia causing volvulus with necrosis of the incarcerated intestinal loops in one patient who underwent one-time anastomosis resection and suffering but viable small bowel in the second patient treated by incarcerated intestinal loop reduction and obturation of the orifice of the hernial canal. We here highlight the diagnostic and therapeutic features of this rare condition.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135694/impact-of-prostate-cancer-and-its-treatment-on-the-outcomes-of-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis
#3
Lei Lian, Jean Ashburn, Erick M Remer, Feza H Remzi, Manoj Monga, Bo Shen
BACKGROUND: There are scant published data in the impact of prostate cancer and its treatment on functional outcomes and quality of life (QOL) in patients with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of prostate cancer and its treatment on functional outcomes and QOL in patients with IPAA. METHODS: Patients with IPAA with prostate cancer were compared to age and pouch duration-matched controls without prostate cancer in a 1:2 ratio...
December 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126508/complications-in-children-with-ulcerative-colitis-undergoing-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis
#4
Dani O Gonzalez, Benedict C Nwomeh
Total colectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is considered the standard procedure for the surgical management of ulcerative colitis. Despite the widespread utility of the procedure, as many as 75% of patients who undergo IPAA, experience at least 1 complication. This review highlights difficult intraoperative scenarios and complications of pouch surgery in children, including intraoperative, postoperative, and functional complications. Intraoperative scenarios include insufficient mesenteric length and positive leak tests...
December 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119289/local-antibiotic-decontamination-to-prevent-anastomotic-leakage-short-term-outcome-in-rectal-cancer-surgery
#5
Ulrich Wirth, Susanne Rogers, Kristina Haubensak, Stefan Schopf, Thomas von Ahnen, Hans Martin Schardey
PURPOSE: Anastomotic leakage still presents an issue in rectal cancer surgery with rates of about 11%. As bacteria play a critical role, there is the concept of perioperative local decontamination to prevent anastomotic leakage. METHODS: To ascertain the effectiveness of this treatment, we performed a retrospective analysis on 206 rectal resections with primary anastomosis and routine use of a selective decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD) regimen for local decontamination...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113677/stapled-intestinal-anastomoses-with-endoscopic-staplers-in-premature-infants
#6
Colin Muncie, Michael Morris, Barry Berch, David Sawaya, Christopher Blewett
PURPOSE: The safety and effectiveness of a stapled intestinal anastomosis in adults, children, and infants is well documented. However, in neonates it is not well validated. We hypothesized that premature infants who received a stapled bowel anastomosis utilizing endoscopic staplers had similar outcomes compared to patients with a handsewn anastomosis. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed reviewing premature infants who underwent an intestinal anastomosis over a 4-year period...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113382/case-control-study-of-the-efficacy-of-retrogastric-roux-en-y-choledochojejunostomy
#7
Xin-Wei Yang, Jun-Yi Chen, Wen-Liang Yan, Jing Du, Zhi-Jian Wen, Xing-Zhou Yan, Ping-Hua Yang, Jue Yang, Bao-Hua Zhang
The traditional, retrocolic/antegastric Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy is technically complicated, and the incidence of postoperative complications remains high. Here we report the outcome of 59 consecutively treated patients (study group, SG) that underwent a new choledochojejunostomy method in which the jejunal loop is passed behind the antrum pyloricum (retrogastric route). A retrospective comparison was made between this group of patients and 187 patients (control group, CG) that underwent conventional Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy (antegastric route)...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112570/rectal-eversion-technique-a-method-to-achieve-very-low-rectal-transection-and-anastomosis-with-particular-value-in-laparoscopic-cases
#8
Vitaliy Poylin, Peter Mowschenson, Deborah Nagle, Thomas Cataldo
INTRODUCTION: Transection of the rectum at the anorectal junction is required for proper resection in ulcerative colitis and restorative proctocolectomy. Achieving stapled transection at the pelvic floor is often challenging, particularly during laparoscopic proctectomy. Transanal mucosectomy and handsewn anastomosis are frequently used to achieve adequate resection. Rectal eversion provides an alternative for low anorectal transection and maintains the ability to perform stapled anastomosis...
December 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111083/postoperative-outcomes-in-vedolizumab-treated-pediatric-patients-undergoing-abdominal-operations-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#9
Amy L Lightner, Chung Sang Tse, D Dean Potter, Christopher Moir
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have found vedolizumab to be an independent predictor of increased rates of postoperative complications and surgical site infections (SSIs) in adults with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but studies in the pediatric surgical population are lacking. We sought to determine the 30-day postoperative infectious complication rate among pediatric IBD patients who received vedolizumab within 12weeks of a major abdominal operation. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on pediatric IBD patients who underwent an abdominal operation between 5/20/2014 and 6/1/2017...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110733/sigmoid-volvulus-in-children-a-case-report
#10
Fayza Haider, Nabeel Al Asheeri, Barrak Ayoub, Eizat Abrar, Jawad Khamis, Hasan Isa, Husain Nasser, Fatima Al Hashimi
BACKGROUND: Sigmoid volvulus is frequently reported in the "volvulus belt" (Middle East, Africa, the Indian subcontinent, Turkey, and South America) and is the third leading cause of large bowel obstruction in North America. It is an uncommon problem in children and adolescents, and is rarely considered a diagnosis in this group. A high index of suspicion is necessary to diagnose sigmoid volvulus in children. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 13-year-old Arabian girl who came with features suggestive of intestinal obstruction...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106286/duodenal-lengthening-in-an-adult-with-ultra-short-bowel-syndrome-a-case-report
#11
Javier Bueno, Rosa Burgos, Susana Redecillas, Manuel López, Joaquin Balsells
BACKGROUND: We have recently demonstrated the feasibility of lengthening the duodenum in children with short bowel syndrome and a dilated duodenum. This procedure gains additional intestinal length in a challenging area of autologous gut reconstruction. Herein, we report the successful application of this technique in an adult with ultra-short bowel syndrome. METHODS: A 25-year-old man with a history of mid-gut volvulus was referred to our center for intestinal transplant evaluation...
November 6, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098076/intraluminal-ileal-tumour-after-right-hemicolectomy-for-cancer-an-implantation-recurrence-or-a-new-cancer-a-case-report
#12
Marco Clementi, Sara Colozzi, Mario Schietroma, Federico Sista, Andrea Della Penna, Alessandro Chiominto, Stefano Guadagni
Introduction: Extra-anastomotic intraluminal recurrence of the colon cancer after curative surgery was rarely reported but intraluminal ileal relapse has not been described to date.We report a case of intraluminal ileal tumor arising after curative right hemicolectomy that could be ascribed to an implantation of exfoliated cancer cells. Case report: A 71-years old man was admitted with no metastatic stenotic adenocarcinoma of the hepatic flexure and submitted, without preoperative bowel preparation, to right hemicolectomy using a "no-touch" technique...
November 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089823/ct-enterography-for-surveillance-of-anastomotic-recurrence-within-12-months-of-bowel-resection-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-an-observational-study-using-an-8-year-registry
#13
In Young Choi, Sang Hyoung Park, Seong Ho Park, Chang Sik Yu, Yong Sik Yoon, Jong Lyul Lee, Byong Duk Ye, Ah Young Kim, Suk-Kyun Yang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic yield and accuracy of CT enterography (CTE) for early (< 12 postoperative months) surveillance of anastomotic recurrence after bowel resection for Crohn's disease (CD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 88 adults (60 males and 28 females; mean age, 31.4 ± 9.6 years) who underwent bowel surgery for CD that created ileocolic anastomosis without enteric stoma, and underwent CTE for surveillance of CD recurrence/aggravation within 12 post-operative months...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089710/case-report-intestinal-obstruction-as-a-late-presentation-of-perforation-of-the-transverse-colon-following-blunt-abdominal-trauma
#14
José Caballero, Cinthya Alva-Torres, Edwin García
Colonic perforation associated with blunt abdominal trauma is rare. Even more so is the formation of an inflammatory adhesion preventing leakage into the peritoneum. We present a case of the above in which the patient presented 1 month later with intestinal obstruction which required surgical intervention. A 38-year-old male, victim of a road traffic accident (RTA), presented with multiple fractures in his extremities which had to be operated on and was later discharged without complications. He was readmitted 1 month following the trauma with intestinal obstruction...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080993/a-surgical-solution-to-regain-bowel-continuity-following-an-extended-left-colectomy-reviving-and-extending-the-indication-for-a-flip-flop-procedure
#15
Ronen Ghinea, Shmuel Avital, Ephraim Katz, Baruch Shpitz, Ian White
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Extended left hemicolectomy might be necessary for several indications. Once the resection is completed, it would be difficult or impossible to anastomose the transverse colon to the rectum due to the difficulty in mobilizing the transverse colon to reach for a tension-free rectal anastomosis. The aim of this report is to present the "Flip-Flop" technique to overcome this challenging situation. The procedure is based on a surgical technique published in the early 1960s to avoid permanent stoma after proctectomy and consists of changing the location of the right colon to reach the rectum...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066699/-a-case-of-roux-en-y-loop-reconstruction-using-a-modified-aboral-pouch-technique-for-y-limb-obstruction-following-distal-gastrectomy
#16
Kazuki Kano, Haruhiko Cho, Yukio Maezawa, Toru Aoyama, Tsutomu Hayashi, Takanobu Yamada, Tsutomu Sato, Takashi Oshima, Norio Yukawa, Yasushi Rino, Munetaka Masuda, Takashi Ogata, Takaki Yoshikawa
A 53-year-old man underwentdistal gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y(R-Y)reconstruction for gastric cancer. An R-Y anastomosis was performed usinga 21mm circular stapler. Five years postoperatively, he visited our hospital with anorexia. An abdominal computed tomography scan showed dilatation of the afferent loop. He was diagnosed with afferent loop syndrome due to R-Y anastomotic stenosis that resulted in poor oral intake and malnutrition. A U-shaped bend created by an adhesion caused a bowel obstruction of the Y-anastomotic site for which the patient underwent R-Y loop reconstruction with an aboral pouch usinga 60mm linear stapler...
October 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046790/intraluminal-rectal-cancer-metastasis-to-the-small-bowel-an-extremely-rare-case-report
#17
Paraskevas Stamopoulos, Nikolaos Machairas, Stylianos Kykalos, Afrodite Nonni, Gregory Kouraklis, Georgios C Sotiropoulos
Prolonged survival in patients suffering from colorectal cancer (CRC) may lead to the emergence of rare metastatic sites that are not well-documented in the literature. We herein describe a very rare case of an intraluminal small intestinal metastasis in a patient with previously resected CRC. A 71-year-old Caucasian male patient with a history of rectosigmoid junction cancer was initially treated with anterior resection. The tumor was classified as pT3pN0 (0/26) M0, stage II. Eighteen months after the primary surgery, local recurrence was detected in the presacral region, and the patient received combined image-guided radiotherapy and chemotherapy...
October 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043868/determinants-of-optimal-bowel-function-in-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-physiological-differences-contributing-to-pouch-function
#18
Marie Louise Sunde, Petr Ricanek, Tom Øresland, Jørgen Jahnsen, Nazir Naimy, Arne Engebreth Færden
BACKGROUND: Variability in functional outcome after ileal-pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is to a large extent unexplained. The aim of this study was to perform multiple physiological and biochemical tests including an endoscopic examination with histology on IPAA patients with well and poorly functioning pouches to determine factors, or combinations thereof, contributing to functional outcome. METHODS: All patients with ulcerative colitis undergoing restorative proctocolectomy between 2000 and 2013 (N = 108) were interviewed using a pouch functioning score...
October 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034307/uterine-clostridium-perfringens-infection-related-to-gynecologic-malignancy
#19
Kevin M Kremer, Megan E McDonald, Michael J Goodheart
Uterine gas gangrene caused by Clostridium perfringens is a serious, often life-threatening infection that is rarely encountered in the practice of gynecologic oncology. However, the hypoxic nature of gynecologic cancers due to necrosis and/or prior radiation therapy creates a microenvironment optimal for proliferation of anaerobic bacteria such as the Clostridium species. Early recognition and aggressive treatment with IV antibiotics and surgical debridement remain the cornerstones of management in order to decrease morbidity and mortality...
November 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021897/patient-outcome-of-emergency-laparotomy-improved-with-increasing-number-of-surgeons-on-call-in-a-university-hospital-audit-loop
#20
Anwar Hussain, Fahad Mahmood, Chui Teng, Sadaf Jafferbhoy, David Luke, Achilleas Tsiamis
AIM: Emergency laparotomy is a commonly performed high-mortality surgical procedure. The National Emergency Laparotomy Network (NELA) published an average mortality rate of 11.1% and a median length of stay equivalent to 16.3 days in patients undergoing emergency laparotomy. This study presents a completed audit loop after implementing the change of increasing the number of on-call surgeons in the general surgery rota of a university hospital. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of emergency laparotomy in a single UK tertiary centre after addition of one more consultant in the daily on-call rota...
November 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
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