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Bowel anastomosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634703/isoperistaltic-versus-antiperistaltic-side-to-side-anastomosis-after-right-laparoscopic-hemicolectomy-for-cancer-isovanti-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#1
N Ibañez, J Abrisqueta, J Luján, Q Hernández, P Parrilla
BACKGROUND: It is believed that loosing ileocecal valve is well tolerated in patients who do not have short bowel syndrome or Crohn disease. From the hypothesis of colonic peristalsis and transit is regulated by that ileocecal valvular mechanism, we try to find out if the creation of a new pseudo-valvular mechanism as antiperistaltic anastomosis could be considered after right hemicolectomy can cause any short- or long-term changes in gastrointestinal habits. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study at primary endpoint is to compare early (occurring within 30 days of surgery) and late (occurring during the follow-up) postoperative complications between both groups The purpose of the study at secondary endpoint is to compare intraoperative and postoperative events between experimental and control groups in terms of operating time, first oral tolerance day, first flatus and faeces, length of hospital stay and orocecal transit; comparing rates of gastrointestinal life quality and comparing mortality rates between both groups...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634627/influence-of-multiple-stapler-firings-used-for-rectal-division-on-colorectal-anastomotic-leak-rate
#2
Tamara Braunschmid, Nikolaus Hartig, Lukas Baumann, Bernhard Dauser, Friedrich Herbst
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage following colorectal resection remains one of the most significant complications with relevant morbidity and mortality. There is evidence that a higher number of stapler firings for rectal division can affect the leak rate in double stapling anastomosis. However, there are no data concerning compression anastomosis. We present our institutional experience addressing this issue. DESIGN: This is a retrospective review of a prospective institutional database of patients undergoing colonic and rectal resection for benign and malignant indications between January 2008 and December 2014 at the surgical department of the St...
June 20, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633443/nod2-genetic-variants-predispose-one-of-two-familial-adenomatous-polyposis-siblings-to-pouchitis-through-microbiome-dysbiosis
#3
Kathleen M Schieffer, Justin R Wright, Leonard R Harris, Sue Deiling, Zhaohai Yang, Regina Lamendella, Gregory S Yochum, Walter A Koltun
Background and Aims: Individuals with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) may undergo a total proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) to surgically treat their disease. Inflammation of the ileal pouch, termed pouchitis, is uncommon in FAP patients but prevalent in patients who received IPAA for ulcerative colitis, a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Methods and Results: We report on two FAP siblings, living in the same household, who underwent IPAA surgery within one week of each other...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631906/-technical-features-of-intestinal-ureteroplasty-part-7-forming-ureterointestinal-anastomoses
#4
B K Komyakov, V A Ochelenko, M V Onoshko, T Kh Al-Attar, A Kh Gaziev
AIM: To present the results and technical features of forming the ureterointestinal anastomoses in intestinal ureteral substitution. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From 1998 to December 2016, 168 patients (mean age 51 +/- 8.7 years) underwent ureteral substitution using intestinal segments at the Urology Clinic of the I.I. Mechnikov NWSMU. Of them, 76 (45.2%) were males. In 119 (70.8%) patients, intestinal segments were used to replace various parts of the ureters (iliac in 92, colonic in 4, appendix in 23), and in 49 (29...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629766/laparoscopic-assisted-approach-for-penetrating-abdominal-trauma-a-solution-for-multiple-bowel-injuries
#5
Oleh Yevhenovych Matsevych, Modise Zacharia Koto, Colleen Aldous
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic laparoscopy (TL) for penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT) is controversial because the management of multiple bowel injuries is challenging and the conversion rate is high. However, the laparoscopic-assisted approach (LAA) allows easy management of multiple bowel injuries but not investigated in a trauma setting. The aim of this study was to investigate its role in management of multiple bowel injuries and to compare LAA with therapeutic laparoscopy performed fully laparoscopically (FTL)...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625744/the-anterior-sagittal-transrectal-approach-astra-for-cases-associated-with-rectal-implantation-of-the-urethra-a-retrospective-review-of-six-cases
#6
A Macedo, M I S Silva, J A Pompermaier, S L Ottoni, R de Castro, M Leal da Cruz
INTRODUCTION: Severe genital abnormalities such as urogenital sinus and urethral duplication with ectopic urethra in the rectum represent a major challenge in reconstructive urology. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to review our cases presenting with functional ectopic urethra implanted in the rectum that were treated through an ASTRA approach. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of all patients who had undergone an ASTRA approach from 2005-2016...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621183/-colon-reconstruction-after-the-hartmann-procedure-laparoscopy-or-laparotomy
#7
Loránd Barabás, Ákos Szabó, Szilárd Szabó, Gábor Turcsányi, Csaba Sipos, Gábor István
The Hartmann procedure - primarily - was introduced for the treatment of cancerous diseases of sigmoid colon and rectum. In the last few years it was performed in cases with complicated inflammation of the left colon, colon cancers with bowel obstruction or perforation, or in the case of insufficiency of the anastomoses, or in urgent operations after traumatics bowel injuries, when making the anastomosis is at very high risk. Later on the restoration of the continuity of the GI tract can be done traditionally (by laparotomy) or laparoscopically...
June 2017: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619728/activated-notch-signaling-cascade-is-correlated-with-stem-cell-differentiation-toward-absorptive-progenitors-after-massive-small-bowel-resection-in-a-rat
#8
Igor Sukhotnik, Arnold G Coran, Yulia Pollak, Eviatar Kuhnreich, Drora Berkowitz, Amulya K Saxena
Notch signaling is thought to act to drive cell versification in the lining of the small intestine. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the role of Notch signaling pathway in stem cell differentiationin the late stages of intestinal adaptation after massive small bowel resection in a rat. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to one of two experimental groups of 8 rats each: Sham rats underwent bowel transection and re-anastomosis, SBS- rats underwent 75% small bowel resection. Rats were sacrificed on day 14...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616919/-effects-of-early-enteral-immunonutrition-on-postoperative-immune-function-and-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-gastric-cancer-and-nutritional-risk
#9
Chang-Bing Peng, Wen-Zhong Li, Rui Xu, Wen Zhuang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of early enteral immunonutrition on postoperative immune function and rehabilitation of gastric cancer patients with nutritional risk. METHODS: New hospitalized patients with gastric cancer were evaluated the nutrient status based on NRS 2002. The patients who scored between 3 to 5 points were randomized into two groups(30 cases for each group), and those in experimental group were given 7-d early postoperative enteral immune nutrition, those in control group were given normal nutrition...
May 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610745/the-impact-of-type-and-number-of-bowel-resections-on-anastomotic-leakage-risk-in-advanced-ovarian-cancer-surgery
#10
Christoph Grimm, Philipp Harter, Pier F Alesina, Sonia Prader, Stephanie Schneider, Beyhan Ataseven, Beate Meier, Violetta Brunkhorst, Jakob Hinrichs, Christian Kurzeder, Florian Heitz, Annett Kahl, Alexander Traut, Harald T Groeben, Martin Walz, Andreas du Bois
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for anastomotic leakage (AL) in patients undergoing primary advanced ovarian cancer surgery and to evaluate the prognostic implication of AL on overall survival in these patients. METHODS: We analyzed our institutional database for primary EOC and included all consecutive patients treated by debulking surgery including any type of full circumferential bowel resection beyond appendectomy between 1999 and 2015. We performed logistic regression models to identify risk factors for AL and log-rank tests and Cox proportional hazards models to evaluate the association between AL and survival...
June 10, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607285/rationalisation-of-the-surgical-technique-for-minimally-invasive-laparoscopic-ileal-pouch-anal-anastomosis-after-previous-total-colectomy-for-ulcerative-colitis
#11
Francesco Giudici, Stefano Scaringi, Carmela Di Martino, Ferdinando Ficari, Paolo Bechi
INTRODUCTION: No previous study clearly focuses on laparoscopic technique to perform the second stage surgery (proctectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis [IPAA]) after total colectomy for acute/severe ulcerative colitis (UC). We describe the procedural steps for a simple and rational minimally invasive second stage surgery, reporting intra- and short-term post-operative results. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During the period December 2014-December 2015, 10 consecutive patients (8 males and 2 females) with mean age of 48 years underwent laparoscopic proctectomy and IPAA adopting our novel approach...
July 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600635/altered-expression-of-micrornas-in-patients-with-pouchitis-after-restorative-proctocolectomy
#12
Emi Inoue, Keisuke Hata, Hideaki Kimura, Kiyoshi Yamaguchi, Masanori Nojima, Itaru Endo, Masaru Shinozaki
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pouchitis is the most common long-term complication of restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. We investigated alterations in the expression of microRNAs, noncoding RNAs that act as potent negative regulators of gene expression, in pouchitis. METHODS: The subjects of this study were 16 patients with diagnosed pouchitis and 48 patients without pouchitis after restorative proctocolectomy, performed for ulcerative colitis...
June 9, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590166/teduglutide-induced-stem-cell-function-in-intestinal-repair
#13
Ferenc Sipos, Györgyi Műzes
Malabsorption is a major and common clinical characteristics of short bowel syndrome (SBS) and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Traditional treatment opportunities have focused on decreasing malabsorptive losses via dietary modifications and antisecretory/antidiarrheal agents. However, novel therapeutic modalities aim to enhance the absorptive capacity of the residual bowel by the administration of different intestinal growth factors including teduglutide. In a current study the existence of two distinct functional putative epithelial stem cell subpopulations (i...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576692/utero-abdominal-wall-fistula-after-cesarean-section-in-patient-with-prior-colorectal-resection-for-endometriosis-case-report-and-systematic-review
#14
Chloé Chattot, Patrick Aristizabal, Sofiane Bendifallah, Emile Daraï
Utero-Abdominal Wall Fistula (UAWF) is a very rare complication of cesarean section. We report an unusual case of a UAWF occurring in a 37-year-old woman, 4 years after a cesarean section and previously radical surgery for deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) with bowel resection. The patient presented with persistent purulent discharge of the Pfannenstiel scar and had noted that the discharge was blood-stained during menstruation. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the diagnosis of UAWF. Surgery was performed by laparotomy and was complicated by a postoperative rectovaginal fistula (RVF) which was successfully treated by the placement of a biological mesh via the vagina route...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571122/detecting-the-non-physiological-surgically-tailored-ileocolic-anastomosis-using-the-wireless-motility-capsule-a-pre-and-post-operative-prospective-within-subject-trial
#15
Yngve Thorsen, Bojan V Stimec, Jens M Nesgaard, Dejan Ignjatovic
Background/Aims: Wireless motility capsule (WMC) detects the ileocolic junction (ICJ) in most non-operated patients. We find no data concerning this examination in patients where the ileocolic valve is replaced by a per definition incompetent, surgically created ICJ. We wanted to see if WMC could detect the ICJ after a right colectomy and assess the competency. Methods: Prospective cohort study using a within-subject design to eliminate subject-subject variability...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570882/ileo-ileal-intussusception-of-a-sutured-enterotomy-site-6days-after-laparotomy-due-to-fetobezoar-a-case-report
#16
Moran Slavin, Patricia Malinger, Yaron Rudnicki, Roye Inbar, Shmuel Avital
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative small bowel obstruction due to intussusception is a rare entity but can lead to severe morbidity and even mortality. We present a case of this rare complication produced by an unusual cause. CASE REPORT: A 22year old male, who is a fruitarian, presented to the E.R on day 6 after laparotomy due to obstructing fetobezors that were removed via gastrotomy and enterotomy. In his readmission, he had severe, diffuse abdominal pain, distended abdomen and diffuse peritonitis...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566881/inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-liver-transplanted-patients
#17
REVIEW
Tajana Filipec Kanizaj, Maja Mijic
Most common hepatobiliary manifestation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and autoimmune hepatitis, ranking them as the main cause of liver transplantation (LT) in IBD setting. Course of pre-existing IBD after LT differs depending on many transplant related factors. Potential risk factors related to IBD deterioration after LT are tacrolimus-based immunosuppressive regimens, active IBD and cessation of 5-aminosalicylates at the time of LT. About 30% patients experience improvement of IBD after LT, while approximately the same percentage of patients worsens...
May 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566386/cost-and-efficacy-examination-of-alvimopan-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-ileus
#18
Zoltan H Nemeth, Dorian A Bogdanovski, Samantha R Paglinco, Patricia Barratt-Stopper, Rolando H Rolandelli
Opioid analgesics exacerbate ileus through peripheral μ-opioid receptor action. Alvimopan, a μ-opioid receptor antagonist, has been proposed to alleviate postoperative ileus, leading to decreased time to return of gastrointestinal function and hospital discharge. As opioid-induced motility issues are only one factor affecting postoperative ileus, continued examination of the cost of the use and efficacy of the drug is needed. Data for this study were collected retrospectively from the charts of 55 patients who received an anastomosis and were given alvimopan at Morristown Medical Center between 2010 and 2013 as well as from 58 appropriately matched controls...
June 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560512/biological-implant-for-complex-abdominal-wall-reconstruction-a-single-institution-experience-and-review-of-literature
#19
Elsa Limura, Pasquale Giordano
AIM: To present our single institution and surgeon's complex abdominal wall reconstructions (CAWR) experience with Permacol™ mesh through a non-randomized study. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Data of 51 consecutive patients were prospectively collected between 2003 and 2015. Patients had a median of 3 comorbidities (range 0-10) and 68% were Center for Disease Control class II-IV. The mean previous repair was 1.3 (range, 0-12), and 25 (44%) had a mesh in situ. The median defect size was 625 cm(2)...
May 30, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551914/-notes-assisted-endolumenal-rectal-resection-and-specimen-extraction-without-rectal-stump-opening-our-experience-with-this-novel-technique-in-a-porcine-model
#20
Anton Kvasha, Eyal Rosenthal, Muhammad Khalifa, Igor Waksman
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic surgery has long been used for colon and rectal resection, and the laparoscopic-assisted approach has prevailed in surgical practice. While this technique includes the fashioning of an intra-corporeal anastomosis, it still requires an abdominal incision for specimen extraction. Elimination of the abdominal incision and its potential complications has been the motivation for the development of natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) techniques. Many of these techniques make use of an open rectal stump, which poses as a potential for intra-abdominal contamination...
May 2017: Harefuah
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