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Antepartum depression

Julie M Hennegan, Jane Henderson, Maggie Redshaw
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the effects on partners' health and well-being of holding a stillborn baby. BACKGROUND: Findings from quantitative and qualitative studies have produced inconsistent results concerning the effects of holding a stillborn baby on parents. METHODS: Secondary analyses were conducted on postal questionnaire data relating to 455 partners of women who had a stillbirth. Women answered questions about their partners' behaviour, perceptions of care, mental health and well-being at three and nine months after the stillbirth...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Arthur H Owora, Hélène Carabin
The objective of this study was to measure the bias introduced by misclassification error when estimating the prevalence of MDD among mothers in two community-based studies. Baseline data were collected from mothers participating in two home visitation study sites in South Central United States between 2010 and 2014. The operational definition of MDD was a Center of Epidemiological Studies-Depression - Short Form (CESD-SF) score of 10 or higher. Misclassification error was adjusted for using CESD-SF sensitivity and specificity priors that were either antepartum or postpartum specific or non-specific...
December 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
Jamala A Bawahab, Jawaher R Alahmadi, Adel M Ibrahim
OBJECTIVES: To measure the prevalence of antenatal depression among pregnant women attending the primary health care (PHC) antenatal care clinics in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia and to determine associated factors. METHODS: Following a cross-sectional study design, 320 pregnant women attending the antenatal care clinics in the Ministry of Health PHC Centers in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia between January 1st 2017 and February 15th 2017 were interviewed. A self-administered questionnaire used for data collection asked about socio-demographic variables and included the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale...
December 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
(no author information available yet)
Evans, E.C., Deutsch, N.L., Drake, E., and Bullock, L. (2017). Nurse-Patient Interaction as a Treatment for Antepartum Depression: A Mixed-Methods Analysis. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 23, 347-359. (Original doi: 10.1177/1078390317705449) In the September/October issue of JAPNA the reference for Peplau (1997) was incorrectly listed and cited throughout the paper. This has been updated in the online version. The correct reference should have been: Peplau, H. E. (1952). Interpersonal relations in nursing: A conceptual frame of reference for psychodynamic nursing...
November 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Dana Barthel, Levente Kriston, Daniel Fordjour, Yasmin Mohammed, Esther Doris Kra-Yao, Carine Esther Bony Kotchi, Ekissi Jean Koffi Armel, Kirsten Alexandra Eberhardt, Torsten Feldt, Rebecca Hinz, Koffi Mathurin, Stefanie Schoppen, Carola Bindt, Stephan Ehrhardt
BACKGROUND: The vast majority of research on mental health has been undertaken in high income countries. This study aimed at investigating the long-term course of maternal depressive symptoms and its association with various mother- and child-related characteristics in two West African lower middle income countries with focus on the relationship with long-term anxiety symptoms. METHODS: In the Child Development Study, a prospective birth cohort study in Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana, the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was answered by N = 776 women 3 months antepartum, and 3, 12, and 24 months postpartum between April 2010 and March 2014...
2017: PloS One
Mercedes J Szpunar, Barbara L Parry
Pregnancy and postpartum are periods of high susceptibility to major depression (MD) and other mood disorders. The peripartum period is also a time of considerable changes in the levels of hormones, including cortisol, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), prolactin, gonadotropins, and gonadal steroids. To investigate the relationship between mood and hormonal changes during and after pregnancy, we reviewed published reports of hormonal measures during this time frame, searched via PubMed and Web of Science. Studies were included if women in the antepartum or postpartum periods were clinically diagnosed with MD, and if there were repeated measures of cortisol, TSH, or prolactin...
October 11, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Emanuela Lucarini, Luigi Attademo, Patrizia Moretti, Giulio Spollon, Sandro Elisei, Roberto Quartesan, Alfonso Tortorella
BACKGROUND: Antepartum depression (APD) and postpartum depression (PPD) are a significant public health problem. Aim of the study was to determine which personality disorders features could be found in women with APD and PPD compared to women without perinatal depression. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) were administered during peripartum to a sample of 54 women recruited at the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Unit, Perugia (Italy)...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Olivia R Orta, Bizu Gelaye, Paul A Bain, Michelle A Williams
Timing of cortisol collection during pregnancy is an important factor within studies reporting on the association between maternal cortisol and depression during pregnancy. Our objective was to further examine the extent to which reported associations differed across studies according to time of maternal cortisol collection during pregnancy. On December 15, 2016, records were identified using PubMed/MEDLINE (National Library of Medicine), EMBASE (Elsevier; 1974-), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL, EBSCO), PsycINFO (EBSCO), and Web of Science Core Collection (Thomson Reuters)...
September 24, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
C A Denckla, A D Mancini, N S Consedine, S M Milanovic, A Basu, S Seedat, G Spies, D C Henderson, G A Bonanno, K C Koenen
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing temporal patterns of depressive symptoms during pregnancy and after childbirth has important clinical implications for diagnosis, treatment, and maternal and child outcomes. The primary aim of the present study was to distinguish patterns of chronically elevated levels of depressive symptoms v. trajectories that are either elevated during pregnancy but then remit after childbirth, v. patterns that increase after childbirth. METHODS: The report uses latent growth mixture modeling in a large, population-based cohort (N = 12 121) to investigate temporal patterns of depressive symptoms...
September 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
Sharon L Ruyak, Angelina Flores-Montoya, Blake Boursaw
OBJECTIVE: To examine which psychosocial risk factors are predictors of symptoms of postpartum depression (PPD) and whether home visit services are associated with decreased reports of symptoms of PPD. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of observational data from the 2012 to 2013 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS). PARTICIPANTS: A national sample with data from more than 30,000 births from 41 states. METHODS: To account for unequal probabilities of selection, PRAMS-produced survey weights were incorporated in all percentage estimates, all chi-square tests, and an overall logistic regression model for maternal characteristics as predictors of symptoms of PPD...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Na Yang, Elizabeth Levey, Bizu Gelaye, Qiu-Yue Zhong, Marta B Rondon, Sixto E Sanchez, Michelle A Williams
Knowledge about factors that influence serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) concentrations during early pregnancy is lacking. The aim of the study is to examine the correlates of early pregnancy serum BDNF concentrations. A total of 982 women attending prenatal care clinics in Lima, Peru, were recruited in early pregnancy. Pearson's correlation coefficient was calculated to evaluate the relation between BDNF concentrations and continuous covariates. Analysis of variance and generalized linear models were used to compare the unadjusted and adjusted BDNF concentrations according to categorical variables...
December 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Renske M Olieman, Femke Siemonsma, Margaux A Bartens, Susan Garthus-Niegel, Fedde Scheele, Adriaan Honig
BACKGROUND: Obstetricians are often reluctant to grant requests for an elective cesarean section (ECS) due to childbirth fear. To date, it is unknown if an ECS on request improves mental well-being in the mother in the peripartum period and if possible beneficial effects on anxiety and depression could outweigh the increased risk of complications associated with a surgical delivery. A systematic review was conducted to explore the effect of ECS on request on peripartum anxiety and depression...
June 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Hung-Hui Chen, Jerry Cheng-Yen Lai, Shyh-Jou Hwang, Nicole Huang, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Li-Yin Chien
BACKGROUND: Women who undergo cesarean birth might have an increased risk for poor mental health after childbirth, possibly because of maternal and neonatal physical problems, low parental confidence, and decreased levels of oxytocin. However, this relationship remains controversial and requires further examination. The study aimed to examine the effect of cesarean birth on postpartum stress, anxiety, and depression. METHODS: This nationwide population-based cohort study was conducted using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database...
December 2017: Birth
Robyn L R Playfair, Bukola Salami, Kathy Hegadoren
A scoping review of the literature was conducted to compile existing evidence and identify gaps on detection methods and practices of antepartum and postpartum anxiety and depression symptoms and disorders in immigrant women. With the assistance of a health science librarian, four databases were searched between January and March 2016. Thirteen articles met the inclusion criteria and their findings were compiled using numerical summary and thematic analysis. No articles specifically addressing the screening of anxiety disorders or symptoms in antepartum or postpartum immigrant women were found...
May 7, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Emily C Evans, Nancy L Deutsch, Emily Drake, Linda Bullock
BACKGROUND: The U.S. Preventative Services Task Force guidelines recommend pregnant women be screened for depression and adequate systems be in place to treat this condition. OBJECTIVE: This study examines a nurse-delivered telephone support intervention provided to low-income, pregnant women living in rural settings. DESIGN: This study had a complementary mixed-methods design, using secondary data. Peplau's theory of interpersonal relations was used as a framework to guide the study...
April 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Leontien M van Ravesteyn, Mijke P Lambregtse-van den Berg, Witte J G Hoogendijk, Astrid M Kamperman
BACKGROUND: For women suffering from an antepartum mental disorder (AMD), there is lack of evidence-based treatment algorithms due to the complicated risk-benefit analysis for both mother and unborn child. We aimed to provide a comprehensive overview of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to treat AMD and performed a meta-analysis of the estimated treatment effect on the psychiatric symptoms during pregnancy. METHODS: MedLine, PsycINFO and Embase databases were searched by two independent reviewers for clinical trials with a control condition on treatment of women with AMD, i...
2017: PloS One
Yang Li, Zhouting Long, Danfeng Cao, Fenglin Cao
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To report changes in the prevalence of depression and the level of social support at three different time points in the perinatal period (late pregnancy, 1 week postpartum and 4 weeks postpartum) and to examine the relationship between depression and social support at these points in time. BACKGROUND: Social support is a modifiable factor for depression. Existing research is limited to examining social support at a single time point in relation to antepartum or postpartum depression...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Kartik K Venkatesh, Anjali J Kaimal, Victor M Castro, Roy H Perlis
BACKGROUND: Universal screening of pregnant women for postpartum depression has recently been recommended; however, optimal application of depression screening tools in stratifying risk has not been defined. The current study examines new approaches to improve the ability of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) to stratify risk for postpartum depression, including alternate cut points, use of a continuous measure, and incorporation of other putative risk factors. METHODS: An observational cohort study of 4939 women screened both antepartum and postpartum with a negative EPDS screen antepartum(i...
May 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
Stephen Stopenski, Anum Aslam, Xinmin Zhang, Elyce Cardonick
OBJECTIVE: To report breastfeeding complaints of women diagnosed with cancer during pregnancy and correlate success with characteristics of their treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of women diagnosed with cancer during pregnancy who attempted breastfeeding. We surveyed participants about breast engorgement, milk let down, and consistent breast milk production through mailed questionnaires. Treatment details, including the type and number of chemotherapy cycles given during pregnancy and antepartum or postpartum depression, were collected...
March 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Zoltan Kozinszky, Annamária Töreki, Emőke A Hompoth, Robert B Dudas, Gábor Németh
We endeavoured to analyze the factor structure of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) during a screening programme in Hungary, using exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), testing both previously published models and newly developed theory-driven ones, after a critical analysis of the literature. Between April 2011 and January 2015, a sample of 2967 pregnant women (between 12th and 30th weeks of gestation) and 714 women 6 weeks after delivery completed the Hungarian version of the EPDS in South-East Hungary...
April 2017: Psychiatry Research
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