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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086975/a-qualitative-study-of-women-s-and-health-providers-attitudes-and-acceptability-of-mistreatment-during-childbirth-in-health-facilities-in-guinea
#1
Mamadou Diouldé Balde, Abou Bangoura, Boubacar Alpha Diallo, Oumar Sall, Habibata Balde, Aïssatou Sona Niakate, Joshua P Vogel, Meghan A Bohren
BACKGROUND: Reducing maternal morbidity and mortality remains a key health challenge in Guinea. Anecdotal evidence suggests that women in Guinea are subjected to mistreatment during childbirth in health facilities, but limited research exists on this topic. This study was conducted to better understand the social norms and the acceptability of four scenarios of mistreatment during childbirth, from the perspectives of women and service providers. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods including in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs) with women of reproductive age, midwives, nurses and doctors...
January 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079062/does-retinal-configuration-make-the-head-and-eyes-of-foveate-birds-move
#2
Bret A Moore, Luke P Tyrrell, Diana Pita, Olaf R P Bininda-Emonds, Esteban Fernández-Juricic
Animals move their heads and eyes to compensate for movements of the body and background, search, fixate, and track objects visually. Avian saccadic head/eye movements have been shown to vary considerably between species. We tested the hypothesis that the configuration of the retina (i.e., changes in retinal ganglion cell density from the retinal periphery to the center of acute vision-fovea) would account for the inter-specific variation in avian head/eye movement behavior. We characterized retinal configuration, head movement rate, and degree of eye movement of 29 bird species with a single fovea, controlling for the effects of phylogenetic relatedness...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077145/perceptions-and-experiences-of-the-mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-in-health-facilities-in-guinea-a-qualitative-study-with-women-and-service-providers
#3
Mamadou Diouldé Balde, Boubacar Alpha Diallo, Abou Bangoura, Oumar Sall, Anne Marie Soumah, Joshua P Vogel, Meghan A Bohren
BACKGROUND: Every woman is entitled to respectful care during childbirth; so it is concerning to hear of informal reports of mistreatment during childbirth in Guinea. This study sought to explore the perceptions and experiences of mistreatment during childbirth, from the perspectives of women and service providers, and the analysis presents findings according to a typology of mistreatment during childbirth. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods (in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs)) and was conducted with four groups of participants: women of reproductive age, midwives, doctors, and administrators...
January 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076470/first-description-of-leishmania-viannia-infection-in-evandromyia-saulensis-pressatia-sp-and-trichophoromyia-auraensis-psychodidae-phlebotominae-in-a-transmission-area-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-acre-state-amazon-basin-brazil
#4
Thais de Araujo-Pereira, Daniela de Pita-Pereira, Mariana Côrtes Boité, Myllena Melo, Taiana Amancio da Costa-Rego, Andressa Alencastre Fuzari, Reginaldo Peçanha Brazil, Constança Britto
Studies on the sandfly fauna to evaluate natural infection indexes are still limited in the Brazilian Amazon, a region with an increasing incidence of cutaneous leishmaniasis. Here, by using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction directed to Leishmania kDNA and hybridisation, we were able to identify L. (Viannia) subgenus in 12 out of 173 sandflies captured in the municipality of Rio Branco, Acre state, revealing a positivity of 6.94%. By sequencing the Leishmania 234 bp-hsp70 amplified products from positive samples, infection by L...
January 1, 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055820/the-relationship-between-self-rated-health-and-use-of-parks-and-participation-in-recreation-programs-united-states-1991-and-2015
#5
Nicholas A D Pitas, Austin G Barrett, Andrew J Mowen, Alan R Graefe, Geoffrey C Godbey, Christopher N Sciamanna
We examined the relationship between self-rated health and use of parks and recreation program participation by using logistic regression to analyze data from representative national surveys conducted in 1991 and 2015. Neither park use nor program participation were significantly related to self-rated health in 1991; however, both were significantly related in 2015. The growing relationship between use of parks and recreation programs and self-rated health during this period is likely the result of broad national health promotion efforts and provides support for funding of capital and operational expenses for park and recreation services...
January 5, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051308/a-review-of-the-analytical-methods-used-in-the-quality-control-of-honey
#6
Consuelo Pita-Calvo, María Esther Guerra-Rodriguez, Manuel Vazquez
Honey is a natural sweet substance produced by bees (Apis mellifera). In this work, the main parameters used in routine quality control of honey and the most commonly used analytical methods for their determination were reviewed. Honey can be adulterated with cheaper sweeteners or in an indirect way feeding the bees with sugars. Therefore, methods for detecting and quantifying adulteration are necessary. Chromatographic techniques are widely used in honey analysis. More recently, techniques such as Raman, near-infrared, mid-infrared, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy in combination with chemometric data processing have been proposed...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028865/endemic-species-may-have-complex-histories-within-refugium-phylogeography-of-an-endangered-iberian-vole
#7
S Barbosa, J Paupério, J S Herman, C M Ferreira, R Pita, H M Vale-Gonçalves, J A Cabral, J A Garrido-García, R C Soriguer, P Beja, A Mira, P C Alves, J B Searle
Glacial refugia protected and promoted biodiversity during the Pleistocene, not only at a broader scale, but also for many endemics that contracted and expanded their ranges within refugial areas. Understanding the evolutionary history of refugial endemics is especially important in the case of endangered species to recognise the origins of their genetic structure and thus produce better informed conservation practices. The Iberian Peninsula is an important European glacial refugium, rich in endemics of conservation concern, including small mammals, such as the Cabrera vole (Microtus cabrerae)...
December 28, 2016: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018616/collective-behaviour-in-vertebrates-a-sensory-perspective
#8
Diana Pita, Bertrand Collignon, José Halloy, Esteban Fernández-Juricic
Collective behaviour models can predict behaviours of schools, flocks, and herds. However, in many cases, these models make biologically unrealistic assumptions in terms of the sensory capabilities of the organism, which are applied across different species. We explored how sensitive collective behaviour models are to these sensory assumptions. Specifically, we used parameters reflecting the visual coverage and visual acuity that determine the spatial range over which an individual can detect and interact with conspecifics...
November 2016: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005972/morphological-and-genetic-differentiation-within-the-southernmost-vector-of-chagas-disease-triatoma-patagonica-hemiptera-reduviidae
#9
Julieta Nattero, Sebastián Pita, Lucía Calleros, Liliana Crocco, Yanina Panzera, Claudia S Rodríguez, Francisco Panzera
The epidemiological importance of Chagas disease vectors largely depends on their spreading ability and adaptation to domestic habitats. Triatoma patagonica is a secondary vector of Chagas disease endemic of Argentina, and it has been found colonizing domiciles and most commonly peridomiciliary structures in several Argentine provinces and morphological variation along its distribution range have been described. To asses if population differentiation represents geographic variants or true biological species, multiple genetic and phenotypic approaches and laboratory cross-breeding were performed in T...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973740/clinical-features-and-factors-associated-with-non-carious-cervical-lesions-and-dentin-hypersensitivity
#10
Karina Tiemi Yoshizaki, Luciana Fávaro Francisconi-Dos-Rios, Maria Angela Pita Sobral, Ana Cecília Corrêa Aranha, Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Taís Scaramucci
Determining the factors associated with NCCLs and DH in populations, could guide the implementation of specific preventive measures. This study evaluated the clinical features and factors associated with non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) and dentin hypersensitivity (DH) in a Brazilian population. The participants were 118 patients at the Dentistry Clinic of our dental school. They completed an interview to obtain personal information and determine the possible factors associated with NCCLs and DH. Clinical examination was undertaken to record the NCCLs, shape of the lesion, and certain occlusal factors...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955936/do-prices-reflect-the-costs-of-cardiac-surgery-in-the-elderly
#11
Pedro Coelho, Vanessa Rodrigues, Luís Miranda, José Fragata, Pedro Pita Barros
INTRODUCTION: Payment for cardiac surgery in Portugal is based on a contract agreement between hospitals and the health ministry. Our aim was to compare the prices paid according to this contract agreement with calculated costs in a population of patients aged ≥65 years undergoing cardiac surgery in one hospital department. METHODS: Data on 250 patients operated between September 2011 and September 2012 were prospectively collected. The procedures studied were coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) (n=67), valve surgery (n=156) and combined CABG and valve surgery (n=27)...
January 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955855/-analysis-of-population-characteristics-of-infants-affected-by-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-a-tertiary-centre-in-the-last-12-years
#12
Miriam García-González, Salvador Pita-Fernández, Jesús Caramés-Bouzán
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis is the most lethal gastrointestinal emergency in the neonatal period. Incidence and mortality have remained stable in recent years despite advances in neonatal intensive care. The aim of this study is to show the general characteristics of patients diagnosed with necrotizing enterocolitis at Teresa Herrera's Hospital (La Coruna, Spain) in the last 12years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study makes a retrospective and prospective descriptive analysis, evaluating the medical records and collecting radiological demographic variables, gestational data, perinatal history, clinical, analytical and perinatal therapeutic management and events in patients diagnosed with and treated for necrotizing enterocolitis between 2003 and 2015...
December 9, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932754/-overexpression-of-lentivirus-rfx1-and-its-inhibitory-effect-on-proliferation-of-glioblastoma-cells
#13
Kai Cheng, Haojie Sun, Mingzhi Zhang, Li Shen
To construct overexpression lentivirus vector for human regulatory factor X1 (RFX1) gene, and to explore its effect on proliferation of F98 cell line.
 Methods: Huamn RFX1 gene was amplified by polymerase reaction. Gene amplification products were inserted into lentivirus vector pITA, and the lentivirus vector pITA-RFX1 was constructed. The constructed vector was verified by agarose gel electrophoresis and DNA sequencing. Lentivirus vector pITA-RFX1 and virus packaging plasmids were cotransfected into 293T cells, and then transfected into F98 cells...
November 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929376/pharmaceutical-regulation-in-15-european-countries-review
#14
Dimitra Panteli, Francis Arickx, Irina Cleemput, Guillaume Dedet, Helen Eckhardt, Emer Fogarty, Sophie Gerkens, Cornelia Henschke, Jennifer Hislop, Claudio Jommi, Daphne Kaitelidou, Pawel Kawalec, Ilmo Keskimaki, Madelon Kroneman, Julio Lopez Bastida, Pedro Pita Barros, Joakim Ramsberg, Peter Schneider, Susan Spillane, Sabine Vogler, Lauri Vuorenkoski, Helle Wallach Kildemoes, Olivier Wouters, Reinhard Busse
In the context of pharmaceutical care, policy-makers repeatedly face the challenge of balancing patient access to effective medicines with affordability and rising costs. With the aim of guiding the health policy discourse towards questions that are important to actual and potential patients, this study investigates a broad range of regulatory measures, spanning marketing authorization to generic substitution and resulting price levels in a sample of 16 European health systems (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, England, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Scotland, Spain and Sweden)...
October 2016: Health Systems in Transition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835002/it-s-harder-to-splash-on-soft-solids
#15
Christopher J Howland, Arnaud Antkowiak, J Rafael Castrejón-Pita, Sam D Howison, James M Oliver, Robert W Style, Alfonso A Castrejón-Pita
Droplets splash when they impact dry, flat substrates above a critical velocity that depends on parameters such as droplet size, viscosity, and air pressure. By imaging ethanol drops impacting silicone gels of different stiffnesses, we show that substrate stiffness also affects the splashing threshold. Splashing is reduced or even eliminated: droplets on the softest substrates need over 70% more kinetic energy to splash than they do on rigid substrates. We show that this is due to energy losses caused by deformations of soft substrates during the first few microseconds of impact...
October 28, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830050/the-presence-of-the-ancestral-insect-telomeric-motif-in-kissing-bugs-triatominae-rules-out-the-hypothesis-of-its-loss-in-evolutionarily-advanced-heteroptera-cimicomorpha
#16
Sebastián Pita, Francisco Panzera, Pablo Mora, Jesús Vela, Teresa Palomeque, Pedro Lorite
Next-generation sequencing data analysis on Triatoma infestans Klug, 1834 (Heteroptera, Cimicomorpha, Reduviidae) revealed the presence of the ancestral insect (TTAGG)n telomeric motif in its genome. Fluorescence in situ hybridization confirms that chromosomes bear this telomeric sequence in their chromosomal ends. Furthermore, motif amount estimation was about 0.03% of the total genome, so that the average telomere length in each chromosomal end is almost 18 kb long. We also detected the presence of (TTAGG)n telomeric repeat in mitotic and meiotic chromosomes in other three species of Triatominae: Triatoma dimidiata Latreille, 1811, Dipetalogaster maxima Uhler, 1894, and Rhodnius prolixus Ståhl, 1859...
2016: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822513/characterization-of-the-%C3%AE-7-mutant-of-cupriavidus-metallidurans-with-deletions-of-seven-secondary-metal-uptake-systems
#17
Cornelia Große, Martin Herzberg, Marcel Schüttau, Nicole Wiesemann, Gerd Hause, Dietrich H Nies
Central to the ability of Cupriavidus metallidurans to maintain its metal homoeostasis is the metal transportome, composed of uptake and efflux systems. Seven secondary metal import systems, ZupT, PitA, CorA1, CorA2, CorA3, ZntB, and HoxN, interact and are at the core of the metal uptake transportome. The 7-fold deletion mutant Δ7 (ΔzupT ΔpitA ΔcorA1ΔcorA2ΔcorA3ΔzntB ΔhoxN) of parent strain AE104 is still able to maintain its cellular metal content, although at the cost of reduced fitness (M. Herzberg, L...
January 2016: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818162/identification-of-axon-growth-promoters-in-the-secretome-of-the-deer-antler-velvet
#18
Wolfgang Pita-Thomas, Gemma Barroso-García, Veronica Moral, Amber R Hackett, Valeria Cavalli, Manuel Nieto-Diaz
Every spring, deer cast their old antlers and initiate a regeneration process, which yields a new set of antlers of up to 1m in length. Over the course of three months, branches of the trigeminal nerve, originating from the frontal skull, innervate velvet, a modified skin that covers the regenerating antler. The rate of growth of these axons reaches up to 2cm per day making them the fastest regenerating axons in adult mammals. Here, we aim to identify the factors secreted by velvet that promote such high speed axon growth...
January 6, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812534/data-on-micrornas-and-microrna-targeted-mrnas-in-xenopus-ectoderm
#19
Vrutant V Shah, Benjamin Soibam, Ruth A Ritter, Ashley Benham, Jamina Oomen, Amy K Sater
Small RNAs from early neural (i.e., Noggin-expressing, or NOG) and epidermal (expressing a constitutively active BMP4 receptor, CABR) ectoderm in Xenopus laevis were sequenced to identify microRNAs (miRs) expressed in each tissue. Argonaute-associated mRNAs were isolated and sequenced to identify genes that are regulated by microRNAs in these tissues. Interactions between these ectodermal miRs and selected miR-regulated mRNAs were predicted using the PITA algorithm; PITA predictions for over 600 mRNAs are presented...
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809783/transcriptomic-data-from-panarthropods-shed-new-light-on-the-evolution-of-insulator-binding-proteins-in-insects-insect-insulator-proteins
#20
Thomas Pauli, Lucia Vedder, Daniel Dowling, Malte Petersen, Karen Meusemann, Alexander Donath, Ralph S Peters, Lars Podsiadlowski, Christoph Mayer, Shanlin Liu, Xin Zhou, Peter Heger, Thomas Wiehe, Lars Hering, Georg Mayer, Bernhard Misof, Oliver Niehuis
BACKGROUND: Body plan development in multi-cellular organisms is largely determined by homeotic genes. Expression of homeotic genes, in turn, is partially regulated by insulator binding proteins (IBPs). While only a few enhancer blocking IBPs have been identified in vertebrates, the common fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster harbors at least twelve different enhancer blocking IBPs. We screened recently compiled insect transcriptomes from the 1KITE project and genomic and transcriptomic data from public databases, aiming to trace the origin of IBPs in insects and other arthropods...
November 3, 2016: BMC Genomics
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