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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812845/a-qualitative-assessment-of-the-evidence-utilization-for-health-policy-making-on-the-basis-of-support-tools-in-a-developing-country
#1
Mohammad Hasan Imani-Nasab, Hesam Seyedin, Bahareh Yazdizadeh, Reza Majdzadeh
BACKGROUND: SUPPORT tools consist of 18 articles addressing the health policy-makers so that they can learn how to make evidence-informed health policies. These tools have been particularly recommended for developing countries. The present study tries to explain the process of evidence utilization for developing policy documents in the Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MoHME) and to compare the findings with those of SUPPORT tools. METHODS: A qualitative research was conducted, using the framework analysis approach...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811394/overview-and-current-management-of-computerized-adaptive-testing-in-licensing-certification-examinations
#2
Dong Gi Seo
Computerized adaptive testing (CAT) has been implemented in the high stakes examinations such as National Council Licensure Examination-Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN) in the United States since 1994. After that, The National Registry Emergency Medical Technician (NREMT) in the United States adopted a CAT to certify an Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) in 2007. It aimed at introducing CAT for the implementation in the medical health licensing examinations. Most CATs are based on the item response theory (IRT) which hypothesizes that both examinee and item has own characteristics that does not change...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807081/emergency-medical-technician-education-in-saudi-arabia-history-and-challenges
#3
Yassar Alamri
Alamri Y . Emergency medical technician education in Saudi Arabia: history and challenges.
August 15, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800612/burnout-associated-comorbidities-and-coping-strategies-in-french-community-pharmacies-bop-study-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#4
David Balayssac, Bruno Pereira, Julie Virot, Aurore Collin, David Alapini, Damien Cuny, Jean-Marc Gagnaire, Nicolas Authier, Brigitte Vennat
BACKGROUND: Work-related stress and burnout syndromes are unfortunately common comorbidities found in health professionals. However, burnout syndrome has only been partly and episodically assessed for community pharmacists whereas these professionals are exposed to patients' demands and difficulties every day. Prevalence of burnout, associated comorbidities and coping strategies were assessed in pharmacy teams (pharmacists and pharmacy technicians) in French community pharmacies. METHODS: This online survey was performed by emails sent to all French community pharmacies over 3 months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782875/comparison-of-trauma-care-systems-in-asian-countries-a-systematic-literature-review
#5
Se Jin Choi, Moon Young Oh, Na Rae Kim, Yoo Joong Jung, Young Sun Ro, Sang Do Shin
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to compare the trauma care systems in Asian countries. METHODS: Asian countries were categorised into three groups; 'lower middle-income country', 'upper middle-income country' and 'high-income country'. The Medline/PubMed database was searched for articles published from January 2005 to December 2014 using relevant key words. Articles were excluded if they examined a specific injury mechanism, referred to a specific age group, and/or did not have full text available...
August 7, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771646/assessing-disaster-preparedness-among-select-children-s-summer-camps-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#6
Megan Chang, Alan Sielaff, Stuart Bradin, Kevin Walker, Michael Ambrose, Andrew Hashikawa
OBJECTIVE: Children's summer camps are at risk for multiple pediatric casualties during a disaster. The degree to which summer camps have instituted disaster preparedness is unknown. We assessed disaster preparedness among selected camps nationally for a range of disasters. METHODS: We partnered with a national, web-based electronic health records system to send camp leadership of 315 camp organizations a 14-question online survey of disaster preparedness. One response from each camp was selected in the following order of importance: owner, director, physician, nurse, medical technician, office staff, and other...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750083/health-care-workers-perceptions-of-point-of-care-testing-in-a-low-income-country-a-qualitative-study-in-southwestern-uganda
#7
Reza Rasti, Deborah Nanjebe, Jonas Karlström, Charles Muchunguzi, Juliet Mwanga-Amumpaire, Jesper Gantelius, Andreas Mårtensson, Lourdes Rivas, Francesc Galban, Philippa Reuterswärd, Helene Andersson Svahn, Helle M Alvesson, Yap Boum, Tobias Alfvén
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care (POC) tests have become increasingly available and more widely used in recent years. They have been of particular importance to low-income settings, enabling them with clinical capacities that had previously been limited. POC testing programs hold a great potential for significant improvement in low-income health systems. However, as most POC tests are developed in high-income countries, disengagement between developers and end-users inhibit their full potential...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746228/randomized-noninferiority-study-between-video-versus-hand-ultrasound-with-wet-foam-dressing-materials-to-simulate-b-lines-in-lung-ultrasound-a-consort-compliant-article
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Eun Jung Park, Young Tak Yoon, Chong Kun Hong, Young Rock Ha, Jung Hwan Ahn
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the efficacy of a teaching method using simulated B-lines of hand ultrasound with a wet foam dressing material. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, noninferiority study was conducted on emergency medical technician students without any relevant training in ultrasound. Following a lecture including simulated (SG) or real video clips (RG) of B-lines, a posttest was conducted and a retention test was performed after 2 months. The test consisted of questions about B-lines in 40 randomly mixed video clips (20 simulated and 20 real videos) with 4 answer scores (R-1 [the correct answer score for the real video clips] vs S-1 [the correct answer score for the simulated video clips] in the posttest, R-2 [the correct answer score for the real video clips] vs S-2 [the correct answer score for the simulated video clips] in the retention test)...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743780/supply-chain-optimization-at-an-academic-medical-center
#9
Jonathan Labuhn, Philip Almeter, Christopher McLaughlin, Philip Fields, Benjamin Turner
PURPOSE: A successful supply chain optimization project that leveraged technology, engineering principles, and a technician workflow redesign in the setting of a growing health system is described. SUMMARY: With continued rises in medication costs, medication inventory management is increasingly important. Proper management of central pharmacy inventory and floor-stock inventory in automated dispensing cabinets (ADCs) can be challenging. In an effort to improve control of inventory costs in the central pharmacy of a large academic medical center, the pharmacy department implemented a supply chain optimization project in collaboration with the medical center's inhouse team of experts on process improvement and industrial engineering...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738284/awareness-attitudes-toward-epilepsy-and-first-aid-knowledge-of-seizures-of-hospital-staff-in-henan-china
#10
Ting Zhao, Yajuan Gao, Xuerui Zhu, Na Wang, Yanan Chen, Jiahui Zhang, Guinv He, Yan Feng, Jun Xu, Xiong Han, Jiewen Zhang
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate awareness of, attitudes toward, and first aid knowledge of seizures of hospital staff in Henan, China. METHOD: Two hundred nineteen hospital staff, including doctors, nurses, medical technicians, logisticians, and executives working at tertiary hospitals in Henan, China, completed the survey from March to September in 2016. The data comprised the demographic data section, awareness of epilepsy section, attitude toward epilepsy section, and first aid knowledge of seizure attack section...
July 21, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737983/advancing-patient-care-through-specialty-pharmacy-services-in-an-academic-health-system
#11
Autumn Bagwell, Tara Kelley, Alicia Carver, Jennifer B Lee, Brandon Newman
BACKGROUND: With the rapid growth of specialty pharmacies, including those within academic health systems, pharmacists have the opportunity to improve patient care through the management of specialty medications. Specialty pharmacists within academic health systems are uniquely positioned to overcome restrictions to medication access, financial constraints, and provider burdens that often lead to obstacles for patients to start and maintain necessary treatments. The Vanderbilt Specialty Pharmacy (VSP) model at Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) provides an example of a patient-centered, collaborative care prototype that places pharmacists directly into specialty clinics to assist with comprehensive management of patients on specialty medications...
August 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733155/implementation-of-a-health-information-exchange-into-community-pharmacy-workflow
#12
Kenneth C Hohmeier, Christina A Spivey, Samantha Boldin, Tara B Moore, Marie Chisholm-Burns
OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility and report preliminary outcomes of the integration of a health information exchange (HIE) into community pharmacy workflow clinical service delivery. SETTING: Independent pharmacy in eastern Tennessee. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: The pharmacy offers medication reconciliation services via HIE access, as well as other clinical pharmacy services. The average number of prescriptions filled weekly is 1900, and staffing included 3...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720919/delivering-tobacco-cessation-content-in-the-middle-east-through-interprofessional-learning
#13
Alla El-Awaisi, Ahmed Awaisu, Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Bayan Alemrayat, Ghadir Al-Jayyousi, Norman Wong, Mohamud A Verjee
Objective. To explore the attitudes of pharmacy, pharmacy technician, medical, and public health students before and after an IPE activity that focused on smoking cessation in the Middle East. Methods. A pre-post intervention research design using the Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) was used for this study. The tool contained 20 items, categorized under the following subscales: teamwork and collaboration, professional identity, and patient-centeredness. Results. A total of 47 out of 50 students from four different health disciplines in Qatar (medicine, pharmacy, pharmacy technician, and public health) who participated in the activity completed a pre- and post-intervention pre-validated questionnaire (94% response rate)...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720227/co-creative-development-of-an-ehealth-nursing-intervention-self-management-support-for-outpatients-with-cancer-pain
#14
Laura M J Hochstenbach, Annemie M Courtens, Sandra M G Zwakhalen, Joan Vermeulen, Maarten van Kleef, Luc P de Witte
INTRODUCTION: Co-creative methods, having an iterative character and including different perspectives, allow for the development of complex nursing interventions. Information about the development process is essential in providing justification for the ultimate intervention and crucial in interpreting the outcomes of subsequent evaluations. This paper describes a co-creative method directed towards the development of an eHealth intervention delivered by registered nurses to support self-management in outpatients with cancer pain...
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700021/nursing-management-practicum-impact-to-the-team-in-medical-surgical-units
#15
Clarice Maria Dall'Agnol, Andréia Peres de Oliveira, Adriana Serdotte Freitas Cardoso
Objective: Learn the perceptions of nursing professionals of a university hospital regarding the interactive process with nursing management practicum students. Methods: A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive study was conducted by means of 11 semi-structured interviews with nurses, nursing technicians and nursing aides in medical-surgical units. The information, collected between December 2013 and January 2014, was submitted to a thematic analysis and discussed according to Pichon-Rivière...
July 6, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690691/impact-of-a-pharmacy-technician-centered-medication-reconciliation-program-on-medication-discrepancies-and-implementation-of-recommendations
#16
Sarah K Kraus, Sanchita Sen, Michelle Murphy, Laura Pontiggia
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of a pharmacy-technician centered medication reconciliation (PTMR) program by identifying and quantifying medication discrepancies and outcomes of pharmacist medication reconciliation recommendations. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on two-hundred patients admitted to the internal medicine teaching services at Cooper University Hospital in Camden, NJ. Patients were selected using a stratified systematic sample approach and were included if they received a pharmacy technician medication history and a pharmacist medication reconciliation at any point during their hospital admission...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680866/the-effect-of-start-triage-education-on-knowledge-and-practice-of-emergency-medical-technicians-in-disasters
#17
Mahboub Pouraghaei, Jaafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Payman Moharamzadeh, Rozbeh Rajaei Ghafori, Farzad Rahmani, Baharak Najafi Mirfakhraei
Introduction: Pre-hospital triage is one of the most fundamental concepts in emergency management. Limited human resource changes triage to an inevitable solution in the management of disasters. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of education of simple triage and rapid treatment (START) in the knowledge and practice of Emergency Medical Service (EMS) employees of Eastern Azerbaijan. Methods: This is a pre-and post-intervention study conducted on two hundred and five (205) of employees of EMS sector, in the disaster and emergency management center of Eastern Azerbaijan Province, 2015...
June 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665904/evaluating-a-collaborative-approach-to-improve-prior-authorization-efficiency-in-the-treatment-of-hepatitis-c-virus
#18
Emily E Dunn, Kathryn Vranek, Lauren M Hynicka, Janet Gripshover, Darryn Potosky, T Joseph Mattingly
OBJECTIVE: A team-based approach to obtaining prior authorization approval was implemented utilizing a specialty pharmacy, a clinic-based pharmacy technician specialist, and a registered nurse to work with providers to obtain approval for medications for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The objective of this study was to evaluate the time to approval for prescribed treatment of HCV infection. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted including patients treated for HCV infection by clinic providers who received at least 1 oral direct-acting antiviral HCV medication...
July 2017: Quality Management in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657809/medical-oversight-educational-core-content-and-proposed-scopes-of-practice-of-wilderness-ems-providers-a-joint-project-developed-by-wilderness-ems-educators-medical-directors-and-regulators-using-a-delphi-approach
#19
Michael G Millin, David E Johnson, Tod Schimelpfenig, Keith Conover, Matthew Sholl, Jonnathan Busko, Rachael Alter, Will Smith, Jennifer Symonds, Peter Taillac, Seth C Hawkins
INTRODUCTION: A disparity exists between the skills needed to manage patients in wilderness EMS environments and the scopes of practice that are traditionally approved by state EMS regulators. In response, the National Association of EMS Physicians Wilderness EMS Committee led a project to define the educational core content supporting scopes of practice of wilderness EMS providers and the conditions when wilderness EMS providers should be required to have medical oversight. METHODS: Using a Delphi process, a group of experts in wilderness EMS, representing educators, medical directors, and regulators, developed model educational core content...
June 28, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648307/comparison-on-human-resource-requirement-between-manual-and-automated-dispensing-systems
#20
Prapaporn Noparatayaporn, Rungpetch Sakulbumrungsil, Tanita Thaweethamcharoen, Wunwisa Sangseenil
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to compare human resource requirement among manual, automated, and modified automated dispensing systems. METHODS: Data were collected from the pharmacy department at the 2100-bed university hospital (Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand). Data regarding the duration of the medication distribution process were collected by using self-reported forms for 1 month. The data on the automated dispensing machine (ADM) system were obtained from 1 piloted inpatient ward, whereas those on the manual system were the average of other wards...
May 2017: Value in Health Regional Issues
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