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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666125/patient-safety-climate-in-general-public-hospitals-in-china-differences-associated-with-department-and-job-type-based-on-a-cross-sectional-survey
#1
Ping Zhou, Fei Bai, Hui-Qin Tang, Jie Bai, Min-Qi Li, Di Xue
OBJECTIVE: This study analysed differences in the perceived patient safety climate among different working departments and job types in public general hospitals in China. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Eighteen tertiary hospitals and 36 secondary hospitals from 10 areas in Shanghai, Hubei Province and Gansu Province, China. PARTICIPANTS: Overall, 4753 staff, including physicians, nurses, medical technicians and managers, were recruited from March to June 2015...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661752/a-novel-information-retrieval-tool-to-find-hospital-care-team-members-development-and-usability-study
#2
Kyle Morawski, Craig Monsen, Sukhjit Takhar, Adam Landman
BACKGROUND: Hospital communication among members of a patient's care team is a central part of clinical workflow and consumes a large amount of a health care provider's time. Oftentimes the complexity of hospital care leads to difficulty in finding the appropriate contact, which can lead to inefficiencies and frustration. Squire is a Web-based information retrieval app created to improve the speed and efficiency in reaching the appropriate team member during the care of a hospitalized patient...
April 16, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657235/reduction-in-door-to-balloon-time-with-training-for-effective-and-efficient-action-in-medical-service-better-process-teams-bp-at-a-community-hospital-in-japan
#3
Hiroki Isono, Tetsuhiro Maeno, Shigeyuki Watanabe
ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a fatal condition. Prompt primary percutaneous coronary intervention is associated with lower mortality. However, community hospitals in Japan lack human and medical resources, and implementation of the same strategies as those used in the USA, such as an on-call cardiologist at the hospital, to achieve a door-to-balloon time of ≤ 90 min appears particularly challenging. Therefore, we used Training for Effective and Efficient Action in Medical Service-Better Process (TEAMS-BP) to develop a new process and assessed its effectiveness in reducing door-to-balloon time...
2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629054/health-information-technology-in-ambulatory-care-in-a-developing-country
#4
Ghasem Deimazar, Mehdi Kahouei, Afsane Zamani, Zahra Ganji
Background: Physicians need to apply new technologies in ambulatory care. At present, with regard to the extended use of information technology in other departments in Iran it has yet to be considerably developed by physicians and clinical technicians in the health department. Objective: To determine the rate of use of health information technology in the clinics of specialist- and subspecialist physicians in Semnan city, Iran. Methods: This was a 2016 cross-sectional study conducted in physicians' offices of Semnan city in Iran...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628824/assessment-of-medical-practitioners-knowledge-of-fibromyalgia-in-saudi-arabia
#5
Abdullah Mohammad Kaki, Abdulaziz A Hazazi
Background: Fibromyalgia (FM), a relatively common disease, is difficult to diagnose owing to its subjective symptoms and poor knowledge among medical practitioners. The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge regarding FM among medical practitioners in Saudi Arabia and the need for educational programs at the undergraduate level. Subjects and Methods: An online survey was administered to physicians, nurses, and technologist/technicians in different regions of the country...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613919/addressing-dual-patient-and-staff-safety-through-a-team-based-standardized-patient-simulation-for-agitation-management-in-the-emergency-department
#6
Ambrose H Wong, Marc A Auerbach, Halley Ruppel, Lauren J Crispino, Alana Rosenberg, Joanne D Iennaco, Federico E Vaca
INTRODUCTION: Emergency departments (EDs) have seen harm rise for both patients and health workers from an increasing rate of agitation events. Team effectiveness during care of this population is particularly challenging because fear of physical harm leads to competing interests. Simulation is frequently employed to improve teamwork in medical resuscitations but has not yet been reported to address team-based behavioral emergency care. As part of a larger investigation of agitated patient care, we designed this secondary study to examine the impact of an interprofessional standardized patient simulation for ED agitation management...
April 3, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611316/the-effect-of-medical-clowns-on-performance-of-spirometry-among-preschool-aged-children
#7
Vered Nir, Vered Schichter-Konfino, Eias Kassem, Adi Klein
INTRODUCTION: Medical clowns (MCs) are known to assist in reducing pain and alleviating anxiety. The objective of this study is to evaluate the ability of MCs to assist preschoolers in performing spirometry. METHODS: A prospective, randomized controlled trial. Children aged 3-6 years participated. After a first spirometry, children were divided into two groups: the first performed a second spirometry with an MC. The second repeated spirometry with the technician...
April 2, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606853/the-role-of-corneal-hysteresis-during-the-evaluation-of-patients-with-possible-normal-tension-glaucoma
#8
Ming Chen, Laura Kueny, Arthur L Schwartz
Purpose: There are multiple reports of the role of corneal hysteresis (CH) as an independent risk factor for the diagnosis and risk of progression of normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). Our study measured CH with the Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) in patients with intraocular pressure (IOP) <21 mmHg to investigate if a low CH would identify NTG in this Asian-based practice. Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study of patients who underwent routine eye examination during 2016 in a private practice in Honolulu, Hawaii, where most patients are Asian...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606685/en-route-critical-care-transfer-from-a-role-2-to-a-role-3-medical-treatment-facility-in-afghanistan
#9
Amanda M Staudt, Shelia C Savell, Kimberly A Biever, Jennifer D Trevino, Krystal K Valdez-Delgado, Mithun Suresh, Jennifer M Gurney, Stacy A Shackelford, Joseph K Maddry, Elizabeth A Mann-Salinas
BACKGROUND: En route care is the transfer of patients requiring combat casualty care within the US military evacuation system. No reports have been published about en route care of patients during transfer from a forward surgical facility (role 2) to a combat support hospital (role 3) for comprehensive care. OBJECTIVE: To describe patients transferred from a role 2 to a role 3 US military treatment facility in Afghanistan. METHODS: A retrospective review of data from the Joint Trauma System Role 2 Database was conducted...
April 2018: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606676/an-occupational-paradox-why-do-we-love-really-tough-jobs
#10
Penny F Pierce, Margaret M McNeill, Susan F Dukes
BACKGROUND: Sometimes we come upon unexpected or counterfactual results during research that make us wonder and lead us into unknown territory. Such was the experience of a team of Air Force researchers exploring aeromedical evacuation crew members' experiences of safety and patient care concerns throughout the en route care system. OBJECTIVE: To explore what it is about the aeromedical evacuation crew members' occupation that generates a strong motivation to the mission despite the demands it places on its workers...
April 2018: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604196/occupational-exposure-to-blood-and-bodily-fluids-among-healthcare-workers-in-serbian-general-hospitals
#11
Bojana Mandić, Stefan Mandić-Rajčević, Ljiljana Marković-Denić, Petar Bulat
The risk of occupational bloodborne infections (HBV, HCV, and HIV) among healthcare workers remains a serious issue in developing countries. The aim of this study was to estimate occupational exposure to bloodborne infections among general hospital workers in Serbia. This cross-sectional study was conducted in the spring of 2013 and included 5,247 healthcare workers from 17 general hospitals. The questionnaire was anonymous, self-completed, and included sociodemographic information with details of blood and bodily fluid exposure over the career and in the previous year (2012)...
March 1, 2018: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603372/acvim-small-animal-consensus-statement-on-safe-use-of-cytotoxic-chemotherapeutics-in-veterinary-practice
#12
Annette N Smith, Shawna Klahn, Brenda Phillips, Lisa Parshley, Peter Bennett, Andi Flory, Rosemary Calderon
The purpose of this report is to offer a consensus opinion of ACVIM oncology diplomates and technicians on the safe use of cytotoxic chemotherapeutics in veterinary practice. The focus is on minimizing harm to the personnel exposed to the drugs: veterinary practitioners, veterinary technicians, veterinary staff, and pet owners. The safety of the patient receiving these drugs is also of paramount importance, but is not addressed in this statement. Much of the information presented is based on national recommendations by Occupational Safety and Health Administration, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, United States Pharmacopeia, and other published regulations...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602744/description-and-comparison-of-medication-diversion-in-pharmacies-by-pharmacists-interns-and-pharmacy-technicians
#13
Juanita A Draime, Douglas C Anderson, Timothy S Anderson
OBJECTIVES: 1) To describe reported medication diversion within the practice of pharmacy; and 2) to compare diversion by employee type. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: A sample of state board of pharmacy records was examined from 9 states. Disciplinary actions were obtained from the records for the time period of May 2008 to May 2013. PARTICIPANTS: Pharmacy employees (pharmacist, technician, interns). INTERVENTION: Not applicable...
March 27, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589478/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-interdisciplinary-consultation-in-the-prescription-of-assistive-technologies-for-mobility-limitations
#14
Fred A de Laat, Bart van Heerebeek, Jaap J van Netten
PURPOSE: To explore the advantages and disadvantages experienced by professionals in interdisciplinary consultation involving the user, prescriber and technician in the prescription of assistive technologies for mobility limitations. METHOD: Cross-sectional study. Prescribers (N = 39) and orthopaedic technicians (N = 50), who were regularly involved in an interdisciplinary consultation completed a questionnaire about advantages and disadvantages of the interdisciplinary consultation...
March 28, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576092/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-individualized-nutrition-approaches-for-older-adults-long-term-care-post-acute-care-and-other-settings
#15
Becky Dorner, Elizabeth K Friedrich
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that the quality of life and nutritional status of older adults in long-term care, post-acute care, and other settings can be enhanced by individualized nutrition approaches. The Academy advocates that as part of the interprofessional team, registered dietitian nutritionists assess, evaluate, and recommend appropriate nutrition interventions according to each individual's medical condition, desires, and rights to make health care choices. Nutrition and dietetic technicians, registered assist registered dietitian nutritionists in the implementation of individualized nutrition care, including the use of least restrictive diets...
April 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572315/development-and-innovation-of-system-resources-to-optimize-patient-care
#16
Thomas J Johnson, Michael J Brownlee
PURPOSE: Various incremental and disruptive healthcare innovations that are occurring or may occur are discussed, with insights on how multihospital health systems can prepare for the future and optimize the continuity of patient care provided. SUMMARY: Innovation in patient care is occurring at an ever-increasing rate, and this is especially true relative to the transition of patients through the care continuum. Health systems must leverage their ability to standardize and develop electronic health record (EHR) systems and other infrastructure necessary to support patient care and optimize outcomes; examples include 3D printing of patient-specific medication dosage forms to enhance precision medicine, the use of drones for medication delivery, and the expansion of telehealth capabilities to improve patient access to the services of pharmacists and other healthcare team members...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572041/naloxone-access-for-emergency-medical-technicians-an-evaluation-of-a-training-program-in-rural-communities
#17
Xiangjun Zhang, Christopher Marchand, Bobbie Sullivan, Evan M Klass, Karla D Wagner
INTRODUCTION: Opioid-related overdose death rates in rural communities in the United States are much higher than their urban counterparts. However, basic life support (BLS) personnel, who are more common in rural areas, have much lower rates of naloxone administration than other levels of emergency medical services (EMS). Training and equipping basic level Emergency Medical Technician (EMTs) to administer naloxone for an opioid overdose could yield positive outcomes. METHODS: Following a legislative change that allowed EMTs to administer naloxone in one rural state, we evaluated an EMT training program by examining EMTs' opioid overdose knowledge and attitudes before and after the training...
March 5, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568545/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-of-medical-laboratory-practitioners-in-the-fight-against-ebola-virus-disease
#18
EDITORIAL
Kabir M Hamid, Ibrahim Yusuf, Bernard A Onoja, Abdullahi Y Koki
Introduction: Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa was an enormous public health challenge. Nigeria was able to contain the spread of the virus with a concerted effort and an effective public health response in terms of identification of contacts, rapid laboratory diagnosis, quarantine and symptomatic treatment. We determined the knowledge, attitude and practice of medical laboratory practitioners (MLPs) in this post-Ebola epidemic era. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in eight hospitals in Kano State for 6 months, between January and June 2016...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563847/development-of-new-core-competencies-for-taiwanese-emergency-medical-technicians
#19
Yu-Tung Chang, Kuang-Chau Tsai, Brett Williams
Objectives: Core competencies are considered the foundation for establishing Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) and paramedic curricula, and for ensuring performance standards in the delivery of prehospital care. This study surveyed EMT instructors and medical directors to identify the most desirable core competencies for all levels of EMTs in Taiwan. Methods: A principal components analysis with Varimax rotation was conducted. An online questionnaire was distributed to obtain perspectives of EMT instructors and medical directors on the most desirable core competencies for EMTs...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563671/human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immune-deficiency-syndrome-a-survey-on-the-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-among-medical-professionals-at-a-tertiary-health-care-institution-in-uttarakhand-india
#20
Ananya Doda, Gita Negi, Dushyant Singh Gaur, Meena Harsh
INTRODUCTION: Health-care professionals are trained health-care providers who occupy a potential vanguard position in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) prevention programs and the management of AIDS patients. This study was performed to assess HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) and perceptions among health-care professionals at a tertiary health-care institution in Uttarakhand, India, and to identify the target group where more education on HIV is needed...
January 2018: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
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