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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434118/hyperoside-inhibits-the-effects-induced-by-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-in-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-via-oxldl-lox-1-erk-pathway
#1
Zhengyu Zhang, Dongdong Zhang, Baoling Du, Zhiqiang Chen
Hyperoside is a major active constituent in many medicinal plants traditionally used in Chinese medicines for their anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, and vascular protective effects. Recent studies have focused on the protective effects of hyperoside on hyperlipidemia. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these effects are unknown. In this study, vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were treated in vitro with oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) in the presence or absence of hyperoside. Western blotting, quantitative PCR, and tetrazolium assay were used to detect lectin-like oxLDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) expression and extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) activation, and to determine VSMCs viability...
April 22, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417112/lectin-type-oxidized-ldl-receptor-1-distinguishes-population-of-human-polymorphonuclear-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-in-cancer-patients
#2
Thomas Condamine, George A Dominguez, Je-In Youn, Andrew V Kossenkov, Sridevi Mony, Kevin Alicea-Torres, Evgenii Tcyganov, Ayumi Hashimoto, Yulia Nefedova, Cindy Lin, Simona Partlova, Alfred Garfall, Dan T Vogl, Xiaowei Xu, Stella C Knight, George Malietzis, Gui Han Lee, Evgeniy Eruslanov, Steven M Albelda, Xianwei Wang, Jawahar L Mehta, Meenakshi Bewtra, Anil Rustgi, Neil Hockstein, Robert Witt, Gregory Masters, Brian Nam, Denis Smirnov, Manuel A Sepulveda, Dmitry I Gabrilovich
Polymorphonuclear myeloid-derived suppressor cells (PMN-MDSC) are important regulators of immune responses in cancer and have been directly implicated in promotion of tumor progression. However, the heterogeneity of these cells and lack of distinct markers hampers the progress in understanding of the biology and clinical importance of these cells. Using partial enrichment of PMN-MDSC with gradient centrifugation we determined that low density PMN-MDSC and high density neutrophils from the same cancer patients had a distinct gene profile...
August 2016: Science Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407763/klotho-ameliorates-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-ox-ldl-induced-oxidative-stress-via-regulating-lox-1-and-pi3k-akt-enos-pathways
#3
Yansheng Yao, Yanbing Wang, Yibo Zhang, Chang Liu
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is a common cardiovascular disease that causes myocardial infarction, heart failure, and stroke. Increased oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) in the sub-endothelium is the characteristic origin of atherogenesis. Klotho, an anti-aging protein, has been reported to protect against atherosclerosis and ameliorate endothelial dysfunction in vivo. The aim of this study is to investigatethe anti-oxidative activity of Klothoin ox-LDL-treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)...
April 13, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386601/on-the-mechanism-of-cytoprotection-by-ferrostatin-1-and-liproxstatin-1-and-the-role-of-lipid-peroxidation-in-ferroptotic-cell-death
#4
Omkar Zilka, Ron Shah, Bo Li, José Pedro Friedmann Angeli, Markus Griesser, Marcus Conrad, Derek A Pratt
Ferroptosis is a form of regulated necrosis associated with the iron-dependent accumulation of lipid hydroperoxides that may play a key role in the pathogenesis of degenerative diseases in which lipid peroxidation has been implicated. High-throughput screening efforts have identified ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1) and liproxstatin-1 (Lip-1) as potent inhibitors of ferroptosis - an activity that has been ascribed to their ability to slow the accumulation of lipid hydroperoxides. Herein we demonstrate that this activity likely derives from their reactivity as radical-trapping antioxidants (RTAs) rather than their potency as inhibitors of lipoxygenases...
March 22, 2017: ACS Central Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380264/hsp70-potentiates-interferon-alpha-production-by-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cells-relevance-for-cutaneous-lupus-and-vitiligo-pathogenesis
#5
C Jacquemin, J Rambert, S Guillet, D Thiolat, N Boukhedouni, M-S Doutre, A-S Darrigade, K Ezzedine, P Blanco, A Taieb, K Boniface, J Seneschal
BACKGROUND: Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) are a subset of DC specialized in the production of type I interferon (IFN-α/β) and involved in various cutaneous inflammatory and autoimmune disorders, such as cutaneous lupus (CLE) and vitiligo. Heat-Shock proteins (HSP) are molecular chaperones essential for maintaining cellular functions, but can act as a danger signal during inflammation. OBJECTIVES: To decipher the role of HSP70 in the production of IFNα by pDC in CLE and vitiligo...
April 5, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377266/the-lipid-moiety-7-ketocholesteryl-9-carboxynonanoate-mediates-binding-interaction-of-oxldl-to-lox-1-and-upregulates-abca1-expression-through-ppar%C3%AE
#6
Jingda Li, Zhilong Xiu, Renjun Wang, Chengjie Yu, Yan Chi, Jianzhong Qin, Changzhen Fu, Eiji Matsuura, Qingping Liu
AIM: Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1), a specific membrane receptor for oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL), plays a crucial role in atherosclerosis progression. The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of 7-ketocholesteryl-9-carboxynonanoate (oxLig-1), a lipid component of oxLDL, in the binding of oxLDL to LOX-1 and to determine whether oxLig-1 binding to LOX-1 is involved in the upregulation of ABCA1 expression. MAIN METHODS: OxLig-1 binding to LOX-1 was analysed by AutoDock 4...
April 1, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365854/inhibitory-effects-of-dioscin-on-atherosclerosis-and-foam-cell-formation-in-hyperlipidemia-rats
#7
Ping Wang, Li-Ya He, Guo-Dong Shen, Rui-Lin Li, Jun-Li Yang
Macrophage-derived foam cells are well known for their key role in development of atherosclerosis (AS). The present study aimed to examine whether dioscin exerts anti-atherosclerotic activity and inhibits foam cell formation. A high-fat induced AS model and ox-LDL treated macrophages were established and received treatment of dioscin. Anti-atherosclerotic activity in vivo was assessed by atherosclerotic lesions size and aortic lipid contents. Macrophage formed foam cells were positively identified by oil red o staining...
April 1, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348422/lectin-like-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-1-deficient-mice-show-resistance-to-age-related-knee-osteoarthritis
#8
Kazuhiko Hashimoto, Yutaka Oda, Fumihisa Nakamura, Ryosuke Kakinoki, Masao Akagi
The lectin-like, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) receptor-1 (LOX-1)/ox-LDL system contributes to atherosclerosis and may be involved in cartilage degeneration. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the LOX-1/ox-LDL system contributes to age-related osteoarthritis (OA) in vivo, using LOX-1 knockout (LOX-1 KO) mice. Knee cartilage from 6, 12, and 18-month old (n = 10/group) C57Bl/6 wild-type (WT) and LOX-1 KO mice was evaluated by determining the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) score of Safranin-O stained samples...
February 14, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345638/lectin-like-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-1-facilitates-metastasis-of-gastric-cancer-through-driving-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-pi3k-akt-gsk3%C3%AE-activation
#9
Can Li, Jie Zhang, Hao Wu, Lili Li, Caiting Yang, Shushu Song, Peike Peng, Miaomiao Shao, Mingming Zhang, Junjie Zhao, Ran Zhao, Weicheng Wu, Yuanyuan Ruan, Lan Wang, Jianxin Gu
Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) is a pattern recognition receptor that plays a critical role in vascular diseases and host immune response. Recently, our research discovered that LOX-1 could facilitate the uptake of dying cells and cross-presentation of cellular antigen via binding with heat shock proteins, which have a close relationship with gastric neoplasia. Therefore, we speculated that LOX-1 may serve as an oncogene in gastric cancer (GC) development and progression. In this study, through immunohistochemistry staining assay and cancer-related databases, we found that LOX-1 expression was up-regulated in GC tissues and correlated with a poor prognosis in GC patients...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315789/involvement-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-afforded-by-activation-of-lox-1-tgf-%C3%AE-1-klf6-signaling-pathway-in-diabetic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#10
Xiao-Zhou Zou, Zhi-Cheng Gong, Ting Liu, Fang He, Tian-Tian Zhu, Dai Li, Wei-Fang Zhang, Jun-Lin Jiang, Chang-Ping Hu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Diabetic pulmonary fibrosis is a severe disease that increases mortality risk of diabetes. However, the molecular mechanisms leading to pulmonary fibrosis in diabetes are poorly understood. This study investigated the roles of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the associated molecular mechanisms in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced rat pulmonary fibrosis. METHODS: The rat model of diabetic pulmonary fibrosis was established by intraperitoneal injection of a single dose of STZ (35 mg/kg)...
March 15, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274103/expression-and-characterization-of-a-single-chain-variable-fragment-against-human-lox-1-in-escherichia-coli-and-brevibacillus-choshinensis
#11
Wei Hu, Jun-Yan Xiang, Ping Kong, Ling Liu, Qiuhong Xie, Hongyu Xiang
The single-chain variable fragment (scFv) against lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) is a promising molecule for its potential use in the diagnosis and immunotherapy of atherosclerosis. Producing this scFv in several milligram amounts could be the starting point for further engineering and application of the scFv. In this study, the abundant expression of the anti-LOX-1 scFv was attempted using Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Brevibacillus choshinensis (B. choshinensis). The scFv had limited soluble yield in E...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259654/lox-1-promotes-right-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-hypoxia-exposed-rats
#12
Tian-Tian Zhu, Wei-Fang Zhang, Ping Luo, Zhao-Xin Qian, Feng Li, Zheng Zhang, Chang-Ping Hu
AIM: Chronic hypoxia leads to right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH). RVH is believed to result from hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. However, if hypoxia impacts RVH directly awaits clarification. Hypoxia triggers oxidative stress, and lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) mediates reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in different cells. Therefore, this study aims to explore whether LOX-1-mediated oxidative stress accounts for hypoxia-induced RVH. MAIN METHODS: Rats developed RVH after 3weeks of hypoxia (10% O2)...
April 1, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258529/human-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cells-alleviate-inflammatory-bowel-disease-through-the-regulation-of-15-lox-1-in-macrophages
#13
Fei Mao, Yunbing Wu, Xudong Tang, Juanjuan Wang, Zhaoji Pan, Peng Zhang, Bin Zhang, Yongmin Yan, Xu Zhang, Hui Qian, Wenrong Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hucMSCs) in the treatment of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). RESULTS: ICG-hucMSCs homed to colon tissues of IBD mice 12 h after injection. The injection of hucMSCs significantly relieved the IBD symptoms and inflammatory cell infiltration. The expression of IL-10 gene increased while those of 15-LOX-1, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β, and IP-10 genes decreased in colon tissues and spleens of hucMSCs-treated mice...
March 3, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253210/the-association-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-with-genetic-polymorphisms-a-multicenter-study
#14
Ahmet Uygun, Kadir Ozturk, Hakan Demirci, Ali Oztuna, Fatih Eren, Salih Kozan, Yusuf Yilmaz, Omer Kurt, Turker Turker, Sezgin Vatansever, Emrah Alper, Belkis Unsal
INTRODUCTION: Growing evidence suggests that multiple factors, such as insulin resistance, nutritional factors, gut microbiota, and hormones released from the adipose tissue, act together on genetically predisposed individuals. We aimed to investigate whether various single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) play a role in the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and severity of liver damage in the Anatolian population. METHODS: Two hundred and sixteen patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD and 150 control participants, aged 18-70 years, were consecutively enrolled in this multicenter study...
April 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247010/pathological-and-molecular-analyses-of-atherosclerotic-lesions-in-apoe-knockout-mice
#15
Masa-Aki Shibata, Eiko Shibata, Kentaro Maemura, Yoichi Kondo, Mariko Harada-Shiba
The establishment of consistent and reliable methods for the analysis of atherosclerosis molecular pathways and for testing the efficiency of new therapeutics is of utmost importance. Here, we fed ApoE-knockout (KO) mice with high-fat diet to for 16 weeks to induce atherosclerosis. Atherosclerotic lesions in mice were methodically investigated using pathologic analyses and molecular biology tools. These lesions were histopathologically classified into three categories: early, progressive, and combined lesions...
February 28, 2017: Medical Molecular Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217098/quercetin-inhibits-lps-induced-inflammation-and-ox-ldl-induced-lipid-deposition
#16
Feng Xue, Xiaobo Nie, Jianping Shi, Qingxue Liu, Ziwei Wang, Xiting Li, Jinqiu Zhou, Jia Su, Mingming Xue, Wei-Dong Chen, Yan-Dong Wang
Aberrant activation of inflammation and excess accumulation of lipids play crucial role in the occurrence and progression of atherosclerosis (AS). Quercetin (QCT) has been tested effectively to cure AS. It is widely distributed in plant foods and has been proved to have potential antioxidative and anticancer activities. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of OCT in AS are not completely understood. In the present study, we stimulated murine RAW264.7 cells with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or oxidized low-density lipoproteins (ox-LDL) to mimic the development of AS...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202751/superiority-in-rhesus-macaques-of-targeting-hiv-1-env-gp140-to-cd40-versus-lox-1-in-combination-with-replication-competent-nyvac-kc-for-induction-of-env-specific-antibody-and-t-cell-responses
#17
Gerard Zurawski, Xiaoying Shen, Sandra Zurawski, Georgia D Tomaras, David C Montefiori, Mario Roederer, Guido Ferrari, Christine Lacabaratz, Peter Klucar, Zhiqing Wang, Kathryn E Foulds, Shing-Fen Kao, Xuesong Yu, Alicia Sato, Nicole L Yates, Celia LaBranche, Sherry Stanfield-Oakley, Karen Kibler, Bertram Jacobs, Andres Salazar, Steve Self, Jimmy Fulp, Raphael Gottardo, Lindsey Galmin, Deborah Weiss, Anthony Cristillo, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Yves Levy
We compared the HIV-1-specific immune responses generated by targeting HIV-1 envelope protein (Env gp140) to either CD40 or LOX-1, two endocytic receptors on dendritic cells (DCs), in Rhesus macaques primed with a poxvirus vector (NYVAC-KC) expressing Env gp140. The DC-targeting vaccines, humanized recombinant monoclonal antibodies fused to Env gp140, were administered as a boost with poly ICLC adjuvant either alone or co-administered with the NYVAC-KC vector. All the DC-targeting vaccine administrations with poly ICLC increased the low-level serum anti-Env IgG responses elicited by NYVAC-KC priming significantly more (up to P =0...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202387/varenicline-enhances-oxidized-ldl-uptake-by-increasing-expression-of-lox-1-and-cd36-scavenger-receptors-through-%C3%AE-7-nachr-in-macrophages
#18
Yuki Kanaoka, Mitsuhisa Koga, Keita Sugiyama, Kaoru Ohishi, Yasufumi Kataoka, Atsushi Yamauchi
Varenicline is a widely used and effective drug for smoking cessation. It is a partial agonist of the α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) and full agonist of α7 nAChR. We have reported that varenicline aggravates formation of atherosclerotic plaques through α7 nAChR in apolipoprotein E knockout mice. However, little is known about its effects on macrophages in atherosclerotic plaques. Here, we ascertained whether varenicline promotes oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) uptake in mouse peritoneal macrophages in vitro and clarified its mechanism...
February 12, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199510/endothelial-lox-1-activation-differentially-regulates-arterial-thrombus-formation-depending-on-oxldl-levels-role-of-the-oct-1-sirt1-and-erk1-2-pathways
#19
Alexander Akhmedov, Giovanni G Camici, Martin F Reiner, Nicole R Bonetti, Sarah Costantino, Erik W Holy, Remo D Spescha, Simona Stivala, Ariane Schaub Clerigué, Thimoteus Speer, Alexander Breitenstein, Jasmin Manz, Christine Lohmann, Francesco Paneni, Juerg-Hans Beer, Thomas F Lüscher
Aims: The lectin-like oxLDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) promotes endothelial uptake of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) and plays an important role in atherosclerosis and acute coronary syndromes (ACS). However, its role in arterial thrombus formation remains unknown. We investigated whether LOX-1 plays a role in arterial thrombus formation in vivo at different levels of oxLDL using endothelial-specific LOX-1 transgenic mice (LOX-1TG) and a photochemical injury thrombosis model of the carotid artery...
April 1, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182779/o-prenylated-3-carboxycoumarins-as-a-novel-class-of-15-lox-1-inhibitors
#20
Atena Jabbari, Mina Mousavian, Seyed Mohamad Seyedi, Mehdi Bakavoli, Hamid Sadeghian
Allyloxy, Isopentenyloxy, geranyloxy and farnesyloxy derivatives of 3-carboxycoumarin, at position 5, 6, 7, and 8, were synthesized and their inhibitory potency against human 15-lipoxygenase-1 (human 15-LOX-1) were determined. Among the synthetic coumarins, O-allyl and O-isopentenyl derivatives demonstrated no considerable lipoxygenase inhibition while O-geranyl and O-farnesyl derivatives demonstrated potent inhibitory activity. 5-farnesyloxy-3-carboxycoumarin demonstrated the most potent inhibitory activity by IC50 = 0...
2017: PloS One
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