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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923368/human-electronegative-ldl-induces-mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-premature-senescence-of-vascular-cells-in-vivo
#1
Yu-Chen Wang, An-Sheng Lee, Long-Sheng Lu, Liang-Yin Ke, Wei-Yu Chen, Jian-Wen Dong, Jonathan Lu, Zhenping Chen, Chih-Sheng Chu, Hua-Chen Chan, Taha Y Kuzan, Ming-Hsien Tsai, Wen-Li Hsu, Richard A F Dixon, Tatsuya Sawamura, Kuan-Cheng Chang, Chu-Huang Chen
Dysregulation of plasma lipids is associated with age-related cardiovascular diseases. L5, the most electronegative subfraction of chromatographically resolved low-density lipoprotein (LDL), induces endothelial dysfunction, whereas the least electronegative subfraction, L1, does not. In this study, we examined the effects of L5 on endothelial senescence and its underlying mechanisms. C57B6/J mice were intravenously injected with L5 or L1 (2 mg kg-1  day-1 ) from human plasma. After 4 weeks, nuclear γH2AX deposition and senescence-associated β-galactosidase staining indicative of DNA damage and premature senescence, respectively, were increased in the aortic endothelium of L5-treated but not L1-treated mice...
June 19, 2018: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911715/entry-fate-and-degradation-of-dna-nanocages-in-mammalian-cells-a-matter-of-receptors
#2
Sofia Raniolo, Giulia Vindigni, Valeria Unida, Alessio Ottaviani, Elena Romano, Alessandro Desideri, Silvia Biocca
DNA has been used to build nanostructures with potential biomedical applications. However, their use is limited by the lack of information on the mechanism of entry, intracellular fate and degradation rate of nanostructures inside cells. We generated octahedral DNA nanocages functionalized with folic acid and investigated the cellular uptake mediated by two distinctive internalization pathways, using two cellular systems expressing the oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) and the α isoform of the folate receptor (αFR), respectively...
June 18, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885417/co-delivery-of-lox-1-sirna-and-statin-to-endothelial-cells-and-macrophages-in-the-atherosclerotic-lesions-by-a-dual-targeting-core-shell-nanoplatform-a-dual-cell-therapy-to-regress-plaques
#3
Yi Zhao, Hai Gao, Jianhua He, Cuiping Jiang, Jing Lu, Wenli Zhang, Hu Yang, Jianping Liu
Aberrant lipid accumulation in both endothelial cells and macrophage foam cells as well as atherogenic inflammation in the atherosclerotic lesions, if left untreated, eventually lead to plaque rupture and arterial damage, causing devastating consequences. In this report, we explore a dual cell therapy modality by designing a dual-targeting core-shell nanoplatform to deliver LOX-1 siRNA and atorvastatin (AT) to control lipid trafficking to and from endothelial cells and macrophages in the atherosclerotic lesions selectively and sequentially...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882120/the-importance-of-15-lipoxygenase-inhibitors-in-cancer-treatment
#4
Ala Orafaie, Maryam Moghaddam Matin, Hamid Sadeghian
Cancer-targeted therapy is an expanding and successful approach in treatment of many types of cancers. One of the main categories of targeted therapy is use of small molecule inhibitors. 15-Lipoxygenase (15-LOX) is an enzyme which reacts with polyunsaturated fatty acids and produces metabolites that are implicated in many important human diseases, such as cancer. Considering the role of 15-LOX (mainly 15-LOX-1) in the progression of some cancers, the discovery of 15-LOX inhibitors could potentially lead to development of novel cancer therapeutics and it can be claimed that 15-LOX inhibitors might be suitable as chemotherapy agents in the near future...
June 7, 2018: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867549/exercise-training-favorably-modulates-gene-and-protein-expression-that-regulate-arterial-cholesterol-content-in-cetp-transgenic-mice
#5
Paula R Pinto, Karolline S da Silva, Rodrigo T Iborra, Ligia S Okuda, Diego Gomes-Kjerulf, Guilherme S Ferreira, Adriana Machado-Lima, Debora D F M Rocco, Edna R Nakandakare, Ubiratan F Machado, Maria L Correa-Giannella, Sergio Catanozi, Marisa Passarelli
Aerobic exercise training (AET) improves the reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) in cholesteryl ester transfer protein-transgenic (CETP-tg) mice. We aimed at investigating the role of AET in the expression of genes and proteins involved in lipid flux in the aorta and macrophages of CETP-tg mice. Three-month-old male mice were randomly divided into trained (T; treadmill 15 m/min; 30 min/day) and sedentary (S) groups. After 6 weeks, peritoneal macrophages and the aortic arch were obtained immediately (0 h) or 48 h after the last exercise session...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859535/toll-like-receptor-2-activation-primes-and-upregulates-osteoclastogenesis-via-lox-1
#6
Kimiko Ohgi, Hiroshi Kajiya, Kazuko Goto-T, Fujio Okamoto, Yasunori Yoshinaga, Koji Okabe, Ryuji Sakagami
BACKGROUND: Lectin-like oxidized low-density-lipoprotein receptor 1 (Lox-1) is the receptor for oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL), a mediator in dyslipidemia. Toll-like receptor (TLR)-2 and - 4 are receptors of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Porphyromonas gingivalis, a major pathogen of chronic periodontitis. Although some reports have demonstrated that periodontitis has an adverse effect on dyslipidemia, little is clear that the mechanism is explained the effects of dyslipidemia on osteoclastogenesis...
June 2, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850244/efficacy-of-high-dose-and-low-dose-simvastatin-on-vascular-oxidative-stress-and-neurological-outcomes-in-patient-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-randomized-double-blind-parallel-controlled-trial
#7
Nattaphol Uransilp, Pannawat Chaiyawatthanananthn, Sombat Muengtaweepongsa
Backgrounds: Stroke is the leading cause of death and long-term disability. Oxidative stress is elevated during occurrence of acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Soluble LOX-1 (sLOX-1) and NO are used as biomarkers for vascular oxidative stress that can reflect stabilization of atherosclerotic plaque. Previous study showed that simvastatin can reduce oxidative stress and LOX-1 expression. Objectives: To evaluate neurological outcomes and serum sLOX-1 and NO levels in patients with AIS treatment with low dose 10 mg/day and high dose 40 mg/day of simvastatin...
2018: Neurology Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777873/cinnamaldehyde-protects-vsmcs-against-ox-ldl-induced-proliferation-and-migration-through-s-arrest-and-inhibition-of-p38-jnk-mapks-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb
#8
Weifeng Li, Wenbing Zhi, Jinmeng Zhao, Qing Yao, Fang Liu, Xiaofeng Niu
Cinnamaldehyde (Cin), as a traditional flavor constituent isolated from the bark of Cinnamonum cassia Presl, has been commonly used for - digestive, cardiovascular and immune system diseases. The pathology of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) accelerated the progression of atherosclerosis. In our study, we found that cinnamaldehyde significantly suppressed ox-LDL-induced VSMCs proliferation, migration and inflammatory cytokine overproduction, as well as foam cell formation in VSMCs and macrophages. Moreover, cinnamaldehyde inhibited the phosphorylation of p38, JNK and p65 NF-κB and increased heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) activity...
May 16, 2018: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766000/vitamin-d3-induces-gene-expression-of-ox-ldl-scavenger-receptors-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rat-aortas-new-insight-into-the-role-of-vitamin-d-in-diabetic-atherosclerosis
#9
Shahab Alizadeh, Abbas Mirshafiey, Mahmoud Djalali, Ehsan Alvandi, Niyaz Mohammadzadeh Honarvar, Mohammad Hassan Javanbakht
Background: Several lines of evidence suggest that oxidized LDL (Ox-LDL) scavenger receptors play a crucial role in the genesis and progression of diabetic atherosclerosis. This study aimed to elucidate the effect of vitamin D3 on gene expression of lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1), scavenger receptor-A (SR-A), Cluster of Differentiation 36 (CD36), and Cluster of Differentiation 68 (CD68) as the main Ox-LDL receptors in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rat aortas. Methods: Eighteen Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups of six rats each...
April 2018: Reports of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737246/role-of-ox-ldl-and-lox-1-in-atherogenesis
#10
Ajoe John Kattoor, Sri Harsha Kanuri, Jawahar L Mehta
Oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) plays a central role in atherosclerosis by acting on multiple cells such as endothelial cells, macrophages, platelets, fibroblasts and smooth muscle cells through LOX-1. LOX-1 is a 50 kDa transmembrane glycoprotein that serves as receptor for ox-LDL, modified lipoproteins, activated platelets and advance glycation end-products. Ox-LDL through LOX-1, in endothelial cells, cause increase in leukocyte adhesion molecules, activates pathways of apoptosis, increase reactive oxygen species and cause endothelial dysfunction...
May 7, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735887/ursolic-acid-attenuates-atherosclerosis-in-apoe-mice-role-of-lox-1-mediated-by-ros-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#11
Qiu Li, Wenwen Zhao, Xi Zeng, Zhihui Hao
Atherosclerosis, a chronic inflammatory disease, is a major contributor to cardiovascular diseases. Ursolic acid (UA) is a phytonutrient with widely biological effects including anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and so on. At present, the effect of UA on atherosclerosis and the mechanism of action are still obscure. This study focused on investigating the effects of UA on atherosclerosis both in vivo and in vitro. We first selected LOX-1 as our target, which was reckoned as a new promising receptor for treating atherosclerosis...
May 7, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724195/bioactive-components-and-mechanisms-of-chinese-poplar-propolis-alleviates-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-induced-endothelial-cells-injury
#12
Huasong Chang, Wenwen Yuan, Haizhu Wu, Xusheng Yin, Hongzhuan Xuan
BACKGROUND: Propolis, a polyphenol-rich natural product, has been used as a functional food in anti-inflammation. However, its bioactive components and mechanisms have not been fully elucidated. To discover the bioactive components and anti-inflammatory mechanism, we prepared and separated 8 subfractions from ethyl acetate extract of Chinese propolis (EACP) and investigated the mechanism in oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) damage...
May 3, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702981/clinical-analysis-of-lectin-like-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-1-in-patients-with-in-stent-restenosis-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#13
Junfeng Liu, Yunde Liu, Kegang Jia, Zhixiao Huo, Qianyu Huo, Zhili Liu, Yongshu Li, Xuejing Han, Rong Wang
In-stent restenosis (ISR) is the most common complication associated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Although some studies have reported an association between lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) and ISR, not enough clinical validation data are available to support this link. Here, we report our cross-sectional study aimed at exploring the feasibility of LOX-1 as a biomarker for the prognostic diagnosis of patients undergoing PCI.Three groups were included: ISR group, including 99 patients with ISR diagnosed with coronary arteriography (CAG) after PCI; lesion group, comprising 87 patients with coronary artery stenosis (<50%) diagnosed with CAG after PCI; and control group, consisting of 96 volunteers with no coronary artery disease...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662563/-123-i-labeled-oxldl-is-widely-distributed-throughout-the-whole-body-in-mice
#14
Atushi Nakano, Hidekazu Kawashima, Yoshinori Miyake, Tsutomu Zeniya, Akihide Yamamoto, Kazuhiro Koshino, Takashi Temma, Tetsuya Fukuda, Yoshiko Fujita, Akemi Kakino, Shigehiko Kanaya, Tatsuya Sawamura, Hidehiro Iida
Purpose: Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) plays a key role in endothelial dysfunction, vascular inflammation, and atherogenesis. The aim of this study was to assess blood clearance and in vivo kinetics of radiolabeled oxLDL in mice. Methods: We synthesized 123 I-oxLDL by the iodine monochloride method, and performed an uptake study in CHO cells transfected with lectin-like oxLDL receptor-1 (LOX-1). In addition, we evaluated the consistency between the 123 I-oxLDL autoradiogram and the fluorescence image of DiI-oxLDL after intravenous injection for both spleen and liver...
April 2018: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619884/cardioprotective-effect-of-%C3%AE-d-mannuronic-acid-m2000-as-a-novel-nsaid-on-gene-expression-of-oxldl-scavenger-receptors-in-the-experimental-diabetic-model
#15
Seyed Shahabeddin Mortazavi-Jahromi, Shahab Alizadeh, Mohammad Hassan Javanbakht, Abbas Mirshafiey
CONTEXT: The investigations have shown that patients with diabetes have the elevated levels of glucose and oxLDL. These two play an important role in increased expression levels of oxLDL scavenger receptors on the surface of macrophages and endothelial cells that leads to deposition of oxLDL and macrophages in vascular walls. OBJECTIVE: The present study intends to show the effects of β-d-mannuronic acid (M2000) on the expression profile of ox-LDL scavenger receptors (including SR-A, LOX-1, CD36, and CD68) in an experimental model of diabetes...
April 5, 2018: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617722/pcsk9-regulates-expression-of-scavenger-receptors-and-ox-ldl-uptake-in-macrophages
#16
Zufeng Ding, Shijie Liu, Xianwei Wang, Sue Theus, Xiaoyan Deng, Yubo Fan, Sichang Zhou, Jawahar L Mehta
Aims: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) has been shown to influence macrophage biology and modulate atherogenesis. We conducted this study to examine the regulation of scavenger receptors (SRs) (LOX-1, SRA, and CD36) and oxidized liporoptein cholesterol (ox-LDL) uptake in macrophages by PCSK9. Methods and results: Treatment of mouse peritoneal macrophages with tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) resulted in concentration-dependent modest, but significant, increase in PCSK9 expression...
March 29, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617044/pcsk9-plays-a-novel-immunological-role-in-oxidized-ldl-induced-dendritic-cell-maturation-and-activation-of-t-cells-from-human-blood-and-atherosclerotic-plaque
#17
A Liu, J Frostegård
BACKGROUND: Activated T cells and dendritic cells (DCs) occur in atherosclerotic plaques. Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin 9 (PCSK9) targets the LDL-receptor (LDLR) and results in increased LDL levels. We here investigate immune effects of PCSK9 on OxLDL induced DC maturation and T-cell activation. METHODS: T cells were isolated from carotid specimens of patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy or from peripheral blood of healthy individuals. Human peripheral blood monocytes were differentiated into DCs...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615815/cardiac-myo-fibroblasts-modulate-the-migration-of-monocyte-subsets
#18
Kathleen Pappritz, Konstantinos Savvatis, Annika Koschel, Kapka Miteva, Carsten Tschöpe, Sophie Van Linthout
Cardiac fibroblasts play an important role in the regulation of the extracellular matrix and are newly recognized as inflammatory supporter cells. Interferon (IFN)-γ is known to counteract transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1-induced myofibroblast differentiation. This study aims at investigating in vitro how IFN-γ affects TGF-ß1-induced monocyte attraction. Therefore, C4 fibroblasts and fibroblasts obtained by outgrowth culture from the left ventricle (LV) of male C57BL6/j mice were stimulated with TGF-β1, IFN-γ and TGF-β1 + IFN-γ...
April 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569871/lox-1-deficient-mice-show-resistance-to-zymosan-induced-arthritis
#19
Kazuhiko Hashimoto, Yutaka Oda, Koichi Nakagawa, Terumasa Ikeda, Kazuhiro Ohtani, Masao Akagi
Recent data suggest that the lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) receptor-1 (LOX-1)/ox-LDL system may be involved in the pathogenesis of arthritis. We aimed to demonstrate the roles of the LOX-1/ox-LDL system in arthritis development by using LOX-1 knockout (KO) mice. Arthritis was induced in the right knees of C57Bl/6 wild-type (WT) and LOX-1 KO mice via zymosan injection. Saline was injected in the left knees. Arthritis development was evaluated using inflammatory cell infiltration, synovial hyperplasia, and cartilage degeneration scores at 1, 3, and 7 days after administration...
January 22, 2018: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549823/microrna-98-regulates-foam-cell-formation-and-lipid-accumulation-through-repression-of-lox-1
#20
Yao Dai, Xiaoqin Wu, Dongsheng Dai, Jun Li, Jawahar L Mehta
OBJECTIVE: Several miR/s that regulate gene/s relevant in atherogenesis are being described. We identified a miR (miR-98) that targets LOX-1, a receptor for ox-LDL, and speculated that it might be relevant in atherogenesis. APPROACH AND RESULTS: MicroRNA-98 was predicted by bioinformatics tools. The effects of miR-98 (by use of mimics and inhibitors) on LOX-1 expression and foam cell formation in mouse peritoneal macrophages were assessed. ApoE-/- mice fed by high fat diet were administered with mmu-agomiR-98 and mmu-antagomiR-98, and expression of LOX-1 and foam cell formation in aorta were quantified...
June 2018: Redox Biology
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