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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158617/pertussis-outbreak-in-polish-shooters-with-adverse-event-analysis
#1
Monika Skrzypiec-Spring, Jarosław Krzywański, Monika Karlikowska-Skwarnik, Andrzej Pokrywka, Hubert Krysztofiak, Aneta Nitsch-Osuch, Ernest Kuchar
In addition to different injuries, infections are the most common reason for giving up training altogether or reducing its volume and intensity, as well as a lack of opportunities to participate in sports competitions. Nowadays, a slow but constant re-emergence of pertussis, especially among teenagers and young adults, including athletes, can be observed. This paper describes an outbreak of pertussis among professional Polish shooters, focusing on the transmission of Bordetella pertussis infection between members of the national team, its influence on performance capacity and adverse event analysis...
September 2017: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128127/a-crossbow-suicide
#2
Laura Panata, Massimo Lancia, Alessandra Persichini, Sergio Scalise Pantuso, Mauro Bacci
The crossbow is an ancient ranged weapon originally conceived for war and hunting. Although nowadays its use in warfare has been surpassed by firearms, it continues to be used in hunting, sports and recreation. The authors present the case of a 40-year-old man who suffered from severe depression. When his condition further deteriorated, doctors ordered a forced hospitalization but, just a few hours before the measure became effective, the man committed suicide using a crossbow. The autopsy and police investigation showed possession of the crossbow darts which the man used to shoot himself in the head...
October 18, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124507/pre-performance-physiological-state-heart-rate-variability-as-a-predictor-of-shooting-performance
#3
E Ortega, C J K Wang
Heart rate variability (HRV) is commonly used in sport science for monitoring the physiology of athletes but not as an indicator of physiological state from a psychological perspective. Since HRV is established to be an indicator of emotional responding, it could be an objective means of quantifying an athlete's subjective physiological state before competition. A total of 61 sport shooters participated in this study, of which 21 were novice shooters, 19 were intermediate shooters, and 21 were advanced level shooters...
November 10, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084416/analysis-for-higenamine-in-urine-by-means-of-uhplc-ms-ms-interpretation-of-results
#4
Krzysztof Grucza, Dorota Kwiatkowska, Katarzyna Kowalczyk, Mariola Wicka, Mirosław Szutowski, Piotr Chołbiński
Higenamine (Norcoclaurine) is a very popular substance in Chinese medicine and it is present in many plants. Moreover, the substance may be found in supplements or nutrients consumption of which may result in violation of anti-doping rules. Higenamine is prohibited in sport at all times and included in class S3 (β-2-agonists) of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) "2017 Prohibited List". Presence of higenamine in urine samples at concentration greater than or equal to 10 ng/mL constitutes an adverse analytical finding (AAF)...
October 30, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051897/the-effect-of-regular-season-rest-on-playoff-performance-among-players-in-the-national-basketball-association
#5
John W Belk, Hayden A Marshall, Eric C McCarty, Matthew J Kraeutler
BACKGROUND: There has been speculation that rest during the regular season for players in the National Basketball Association (NBA) improves player performance in the postseason. PURPOSE: To determine whether there is a correlation between the amount of regular-season rest among NBA players and playoff performance and injury risk in the same season. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: The Basketball Reference and Pro Sports Transactions archives were searched from the 2005 to 2015 seasons...
October 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026261/prevention-of-noise-induced-hearing-loss-from-recreational-firearms
#6
REVIEW
Deanna K Meinke, Donald S Finan, Gregory A Flamme, William J Murphy, Michael Stewart, James E Lankford, Stephen Tasko
In the United States and other parts of the world, recreational firearm shooting is a popular sport that puts the hearing of the shooter at risk. Peak sound pressure levels (SPLs) from firearms range from ∼140 to 175 dB. The majority of recreational firearms (excluding small-caliber 0.17 and 0.22 rifles and air rifles) generate between 150 and 165 dB peak SPLs. High-intensity impulse sounds will permanently damage delicate cochlear structures, and thus individuals who shoot firearms are at a higher risk of bilateral, high-frequency, noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) than peer groups who do not shoot...
November 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944650/acute-and-overuse-injuries-in-elite-archers
#7
Claudia K Niestroj, Volker Schöffl, Thomas Küpper
BACKGROUND: To evaluate type and incidence of acute and overuse injuries in high level European and German competitive archers. METHODS: Participants of the German National Indoor Championship (DM) 2012 in Solingen, Germany, and European Outdoor Championship (EM) 2012 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, participated in the study. The design was a retrospective cohort study performed by a questionnaire. Data obtained included standard personal data (age, gender), training habits, draw weight, competition experience, and detailed data about acute and overuse injuries that occurred during the entire sporting career of the archers...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919494/shoulder-injury-in-water-polo-a-systematic-review-of-incidence-and-intrinsic-risk-factors
#8
REVIEW
Andrea H Miller, Kerrie Evans, Roger Adams, Gordon Waddington, Jeremy Witchalls
OBJECTIVES: Water polo is a popular water-based contact sport that involves swimming, throwing and defending. Cumulatively, these repetitive overhead activities are thought to increase the risk of shoulder injury and, subsequently to affect players' physical conditioning as well as team performance. The purpose of this review was to examine available evidence relating to shoulder injury rates and risk factors for shoulder injury in water polo. DESIGN: Systematic review METHODS: CINAHL, AUSPORT, Pubmed, Pedro and SPORTDiscus databases were searched for original research papers using the predefined terms ("water polo") AND (shoulder OR glenohumeral* OR arm OR "upper limb")...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910584/problematic-gaming-behavior-among-finnish-junior-high-school-students-relation-to-socio-demographics-and-gaming-behavior-characteristics
#9
Niko Männikkö, Heidi Ruotsalainen, Zsolt Demetrovics, Olatz Lopez-Fernandez, Laura Myllymäki, Jouko Miettunen, Maria Kääriäinen
Multiplatform digital media use and gaming have been increased in recent years. The aim of this study was to examine associations between sociodemographics and digital gaming behavior characteristics (i.e., gaming time, medium, and genres) with problematic gaming behavior in adolescents. A convenience sample of Finnish junior high school students (n = 560; mean age 14 years, ranging from 12 to 16 years) participated in the cross-sectional survey, of which, 83% (n = 465) reported having played digital games regularly...
September 14, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902760/common-ice-hockey-injuries-and-treatment-a-current-concepts-review
#10
William Mosenthal, Michael Kim, Robert Holzshu, Bryan Hanypsiak, Aravind Athiviraham
Injuries are common in ice hockey, a contact sport where players skate at high speeds on a sheet of ice and shoot a vulcanized rubber puck in excess of one hundred miles per hour. This article reviews the diagnoses and treatment of concussions, injuries to the cervical spine, and lower and upper extremities as they pertain to hockey players. Soft tissue injury of the shoulder, acromioclavicular joint separation, glenohumeral joint dislocation, clavicle fractures, metacarpal fractures, and olecranon bursitis are discussed in the upper-extremity section of the article...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873039/especial-skills-in-experienced-archers
#11
Mahdi Nabavinik, Ali Abaszadeh, Mehrab Mehranmanesh, David A Rosenbaum
Especial skills are skills that are distinctive by virtue of massive practice within the narrow contexts in which they are expressed. In the first demonstration of especial skills, Keetch, Schmidt, Lee, and Young (2005) showed that experienced basketball players are better at shooting baskets from the foul line, where they had massive amounts of practice, than would expected from their success at other locations closer to or farther from the basket. Similar results were obtained for baseball throwing. The authors asked whether especial skills hold in archery, a sport requiring less movement...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771061/comparison-of-performance-levels-and-sex-on-sprint-race-performance-in-the-biathlon-world-cup
#12
Harri Luchsinger, Jan Kocbach, Gertjan Ettema, Øyvind Sandbakk
Biathlon is an Olympic sport combining cross-country skiing with the skating technique and rifle shooting. The sprint (7.5 km for women and 10 km for men) includes two shootings between the three laps of skiing. The aims of the current study are to compare biathletes of different performance-levels and sex on total race time and performance-determining factors of sprint races in the biathlon World Cup. The top 10-performers (G1-10) and results within rank 21-30 (G21-30) in 47 sprint races during the 2011/2012 to 2015/2016 World Cup seasons were compared regarding total race time, course time, shooting time, range time, shooting performance (rate of hits) and penalty time...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756389/sports-injury-and-illness-incidence-in-the-rio-de-janeiro-2016-olympic-summer-games-a-prospective-study-of-11274-athletes-from-207-countries
#13
Torbjørn Soligard, Kathrin Steffen, Debbie Palmer, Juan Manuel Alonso, Roald Bahr, Alexandre Dias Lopes, Jiri Dvorak, Marie-Elaine Grant, Willem Meeuwisse, Margo Mountjoy, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa, Natalia Salmina, Richard Budgett, Lars Engebretsen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the pattern of injuries and illnesses sustained during the Games of the XXXI Olympiad, hosted by Rio de Janeiro from 5 to 21 August 2016. METHODS: We recorded the daily incidence of athlete injuries and illnesses (1) through the reporting of all National Olympic Committee (NOC) medical teams and (2) in the polyclinic and medical venues by the Rio 2016 medical staff. RESULTS: In total, 11 274 athletes (5089 women, 45%; 6185 men, 55%) from 207 NOCs participated in the study...
September 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685651/successful-transfer-of-a-motor-learning-strategy-to-a-novel-sport
#14
Philip E Kearney, Phil Judge
This study investigated whether secondary school students who were taught a motor learning strategy could transfer their knowledge of the strategy to learning a novel task. Twenty adolescents were randomly allocated to a strategy or control group. The strategy group was taught Singer's five-step learning strategy, while the control group received information on the evolution and biomechanics of the basketball free throw. Both groups received three 1-hour practice sessions on a modified basketball shooting task...
October 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664327/effects-of-mindfulness-practice-on-performance-relevant-parameters-and-performance-outcomes-in-sports-a-meta-analytical-review
#15
REVIEW
Lucia Bühlmayer, Daniel Birrer, Philipp Röthlin, Oliver Faude, Lars Donath
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness as a present-oriented form of mental training affects cognitive processes and is increasingly considered meaningful for sport psychological training approaches. However, few intervention studies have examined the effects of mindfulness practice on physiological and psychological performance surrogates or on performance outcomes in sports. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present meta-analytical review was to examine the effects of mindfulness practice or mindfulness-based interventions on physiological and psychological performance surrogates and on performance outcomes in sports in athletes over 15 years of age...
June 29, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559868/individual-alpha-peak-frequency-in-ice-hockey-shooting-performance
#16
Sommer Christie, Selenia di Fronso, Maurizio Bertollo, Penny Werthner
There are several important inter- and intra-individual variations in individual alpha peak frequency (IAPF) in the cognitive domain. The rationale for the present study was to extend the research on IAPF in the cognitive domain to IAPF in the sport domain. Specifically, the purpose of the present study was twofold: (a) to explore whether baseline IAPF is related to performance in an ice hockey shooting task and (b) to explore whether a shooting task has an effect on IAPF variability. The present investigation is one of the first studies to examine links between IAPF and sport performance...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414741/effects-of-music-on-arousal-during-imagery-in-elite-shooters-a-pilot-study
#17
Garry Kuan, Tony Morris, Peter Terry
Beneficial effects of music on several performance-related aspects of sport have been reported, but the processes involved are not well understood. The purpose of the present study was to investigate effects of relaxing and arousing classical music on physiological indicators and subjective perceptions of arousal during imagery of a sport task. First, appropriate music excerpts were selected. Then, 12 skilled shooters performed shooting imagery while listening to the three preselected music excerpts in randomized order...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351351/the-influence-of-participation-in-target-shooting-sport-for-children-with-inattentive-hyperactive-and-impulsive-symptoms-a-controlled-study-of-best-practice
#18
Annegrete Gohr Månsson, Mette Elmose, Søren Dalsgaard, Kirsten K Roessler
BACKGROUND: Practising target-shooting sport requires focused attention and motoric steadiness. A previous non-controlled pilot study suggests that children with impairing symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) benefit from participating in target-shooting sport in local shooting associations, as rated by parents and teachers. This study aims at examining if, and to which extent, target-shooting sport reduces parent- and teacher-reported severity of inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity in children with attention difficulties, and if, and to which extend, target-shooting sport improves the children's wellbeing and quality of life...
March 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900160/the-relationship-between-visual-function-and-performance-in-rifle-shooting-for-athletes-with-vision-impairment
#19
Joy Myint, Keziah Latham, David Mann, Phil Gomersall, Arnold J Wilkins, Peter M Allen
BACKGROUND: Paralympic sports provide opportunities for those who have an impairment that might otherwise be a barrier to participation in regular sporting competition. Rifle shooting represents an ideal sport for persons with vision impairment (VI) because the direction of the rifle can be guided by auditory information when vision is impaired. However, it is unknown whether those with some remaining vision when shooting with auditory guidance would be at an advantage when compared with those with no vision at all...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877150/the-level-of-vision-necessary-for-competitive-performance-in-rifle-shooting-setting-the-standards-for-paralympic-shooting-with-vision-impairment
#20
Peter M Allen, Keziah Latham, David L Mann, Rianne H J C Ravensbergen, Joy Myint
The aim of this study was to investigate the level of vision impairment (VI) that would reduce performance in shooting; to guide development of entry criteria to visually impaired (VI) shooting. Nineteen international-level shooters without VI took part in the study. Participants shot an air rifle, while standing, toward a regulation target placed at the end of a 10 m shooting range. Cambridge simulation glasses were used to simulate six different levels of VI. Visual acuity (VA) and contrast sensitivity (CS) were assessed along with shooting performance in each of seven conditions of simulated impairment and compared to that with habitual vision...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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