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Adaptive shooting

Marko Wilke
This dataset contains the regression parameters derived by analyzing segmented brain MRI images (gray matter and white matter) from a large population of healthy subjects, using a multivariate adaptive regression splines approach. A total of 1919 MRI datasets ranging in age from 1-75 years from four publicly available datasets (NIH, C-MIND, fCONN, and IXI) were segmented using the CAT12 segmentation framework, writing out gray matter and white matter images normalized using an affine-only spatial normalization approach...
February 2018: Data in Brief
Chenghao Zhang, Wenqi Dong, Zong-An Huang, MyeongCheoul Cho, Qingcang Yu, Chuanyu Wu, Chenliang Yu
Auxin plays key roles in regulating plant growth and development as well as in responses to environmental stresses. The intercellular transport of auxin is mediated by four gene families, with the ATP-binding cassette family B (ABCB), the Auxin resistant1/ like (AUX1AUX/LAX) family, the pin-formed(PIN)families, and the PIN-LIKES (PILS) family. Here, the latest assembled pepper genome was used to characterise and analyse the CaLAX and CaPIN families. Genome-wide investigations into these families, including chromosomal distributions, phytogenic relationships and intron/exon structures, were performed...
January 5, 2018: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
Muhammad Bilal Gill, Fanrong Zeng, Lana Shabala, Jennifer Böhm, Guoping Zhang, Meixue Zhou, Sergey Shabala
Oxygen depletion under waterlogged conditions results in a compromised operation of H+-ATPase, with strong implications for membrane potential maintenance, cytosolic pH homeostasis, and transport of all nutrients across membranes. The above effects, however, are highly tissue specific and time dependent, and the causal link between hypoxia-induced changes to the cell's ionome and plant adaptive responses to hypoxia is not well established. This work aimed to fill this gap and investigate the effects of oxygen deprivation on K+ signalling and homeostasis in plants, and potential roles of GORK (depolarization-activated outward-rectifying potassium) channels in adaptation to oxygen-deprived conditions in barley...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
Dániel Á Carrera, Sebastian Oddson, Jonas Grossmann, Christian Trachsel, Sebastian Streb
Plants are constantly challenged in their natural environment by a range of changing conditions. We investigated the acclimation processes and adaptive plant responses to various long-term mild changes and compared them directly within one experimental setup. Arabidopsis thaliana plants were grown in hydroponic culture for 10 days under controlled abiotic stress (15 °C, 25 °C, salt and osmotic) and in nutrient deficiency (nitrate and phosphate). Plant growth was monitored and proteomic experiments were performed...
December 29, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
Monica Lodi, Alexandra Staikou, Ruben Janssen, Joris M Koene
Postcopulatory adaptations that increase reproductive success compared to rivals, like the transfer of accessory gland products that promote paternity, are common when sperm competition occurs among males. In land snails, the dart shooting behavior and its adaptive significance, in promoting individual fitness through enhanced paternity of the successful dart shooter, have been considered such an adaptation. The fitness result gained is mediated by the transfer of mucus components on the love dart capable of altering the physiology of the receiver's reproductive tract...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
Hui-Juan Gao, Xin-Pei Lü, Ling Zhang, Yan Qiao, Qi Zhao, Yong-Ping Wang, Meng-Fei Li, Jin-Lin Zhang
Haloxylon ammodendron, a perennial xero-halophyte, is an essential species for investigating the effects of drought on desert tree. To gain a comprehensive knowledge on the responses of H. ammodendron to drought stress, we specially performed the molecular and physiological analysis of H. ammodendron in response to -0.75 MPa osmotic stress for six and 24 h in lab condition via RNA-seq and digital gene expression (DGE). In total, 87,109 unigenes with a mean length of 680 bp and 13,486 potential simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were generated, and 3353 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in shoots and 4564 in roots were identified under stress...
December 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ablaa Kabbadj, Bouchra Makoudi, Mohammed Mouradi, Nicolas Pauly, Pierre Frendo, Cherki Ghoulam
Climate change is increasingly impacting the water deficit over the world. Because of drought and the high pressure of the rising human population, water is becoming a scarce and expensive commodity, especially in developing countries. The identification of crops presenting a higher acclimation to drought stress is thus an important objective in agriculture. The present investigation aimed to assess the adaptation of three Vicia faba genotypes, Aguadulce (AD), Luz d'Otonio (LO) and Reina Mora (RM) to water deficit...
2017: PloS One
Yohan Liber, Clarisse Létondor, Sophie Pascal-Lorber, François Laurent
Because of its high persistence in soils, t1/2=30years, chlordecone (CLD) was classified as a persistent organic pollutant (POP) by the Stockholm Convention in 2009.The distribution of CLD over time has been heterogeneous, ranging from banana plantations to watersheds, and contaminating all environmental compartments. The aims of this study were to (i) evaluate the potential of Miscanthus species to extract chlordecone from contaminated soils, (ii) identify the growth parameters that influence the transfer of CLD from the soil to aboveground plant parts...
December 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Rohit Dhakarey, Manish L Raorane, Achim Treumann, Preshobha K Peethambaran, Rachel R Schendel, Vaidurya P Sahi, Bettina Hause, Mirko Bunzel, Amelia Henry, Ajay Kohli, Michael Riemann
It is widely known that numerous adaptive responses of drought-stressed plants are stimulated by chemical messengers known as phytohormones. Jasmonic acid (JA) is one such phytohormone. But there are very few reports revealing its direct implication in drought related responses or its cross-talk with other phytohormones. In this study, we compared the morpho-physiological traits and the root proteome of a wild type (WT) rice plant with its JA biosynthesis mutant coleoptile photomorphogenesis 2 (cpm2), disrupted in the allene oxide cyclase (AOC) gene, for insights into the role of JA under drought...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Daniel Arenas-Lago, Erika S Santos, Luisa C Carvalho, Maria Manuela Abreu, Maria Luisa Andrade
The Iberian Pyrite Belt (IPB; SW of the Iberian Peninsula) is one of the most important volcanogenic massive sulphide ore deposits in the world. Cistus monspeliensis L. is a native woody shrub that grows spontaneously in non-contaminated soils as well as in soils with multielemental contamination from the IPB. In this study, different ecophysiological parameters of C. monspeliensis growing in soils with different levels of metal(loid)s were evaluated to assess the potential of this species for revegetation of degraded areas...
December 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Satyajit Das, Rup Kumar Kar
Water stress is a common problem in Indian agriculture and recent global climate change has aggravated this problem further. Plants have an adaptive response to water scarcity as reflected in differential root and shoot growth. In case of Vigna radiata seedlings we have observed earlier promotion of root growth while inhibition of shoot (hypocotyl) growth under mild water stress, which is probably mediated by ABA. However, the exact mechanism of ABA action is far from clear. The present study attempts to elucidate the action of ABA through apoplastic reactive oxygen species (ROS) and its impact upon antioxidant defence system during the growth of root and shoot under water stress...
December 8, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Daihua Ye, Tingxuan Li, Xizhou Zhang, Zicheng Zheng
Polygonum hydropiper is a dominant plant species in Shifang phosphorus (P) mine area and is a promising P-accumulator used for P-phytoextraction. To date, little information is available on the physiological response involved in alleviating P toxicity of P. hydropiper under high P. A pot experiment was carried out to investigate growth, P subcellular distribution, chemical forms in two ecotypes of P. hydropiper under high levels (1, 4, and 8 mmol P L-1) of inorganic P (Pi) and organic P (Po), supplied as KH2PO4 and myo-inositol hexaphosphoric acid dodecasodium salt, respectively...
December 6, 2017: Chemosphere
Long Zhao, Zongze Yang, Qiaobing Guo, Shun Mao, Shaoqiang Li, Fasheng Sun, Huan Wang, Chunwu Yang
Halophytes are remarkable plants that can tolerate extremely high-salinity conditions, and have different salinity tolerance mechanisms from those of glycophytic plants. In this work, we investigated the mechanisms of salinity tolerance of an extreme halophyte, Kochia sieversiana (Pall.) C. A. M, using RNA sequencing and physiological tests. The results showed that moderate salinity stimulated the growth and water uptake of K. sieversiana and, even under 480-mM salinity condition, K. sieversiana maintained an extremely high water content...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Maria Jung, Glen Kristiansen, Dimo Dietrich
Circulating cell-free DNA in body fluids is an analyte of great interest in basic and clinical research. The analyses of DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation patterns in body fluids might allow one to determine the certain state of a disease, in particular of cancer. DNA methylation biomarkers in liquid biopsies, i.e. blood plasma samples, may help optimizing personalized therapy for individual patients. DNA methylation analyses of specific loci usually require a bisulfite conversion of the DNA, which requires a sufficiently high amount of DNA at the appropriate concentration...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Michael Messerli, Patricia Dewes, Jan-Erik Scholtz, Christophe Arendt, Simon Wildermuth, Thomas J Vogl, Ralf W Bauer
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of an adaptive detector collimation on the dose parameters and accurateness of scan length adaption at prospectively ECG-triggered sequential cardiac CT with a wide-detector third-generation dual-source CT. METHODS: Ideal scan lengths for human hearts were retrospectively derived from 103 triple-rule-out examinations. These measures were entered into the new scanner operated in prospectively ECG-triggered sequential cardiac scan mode with three different detector settings: (1) adaptive collimation, (2) fixed 64 × 0...
December 7, 2017: European Radiology
Clément Lafon-Placette, Anne-Laure Le Gac, Didier Chauveau, Vincent Segura, Alain Delaunay, Marie-Claude Lesage-Descauses, Irène Hummel, David Cohen, Béline Jesson, Didier Le Thiec, Marie-Béatrice Bogeat-Triboulot, Franck Brignolas, Stéphane Maury
The adaptive capacity of long-lived organisms such as trees to the predicted climate changes, including severe and successive drought episodes, will depend on the presence of genetic diversity and phenotypic plasticity. Here, the involvement of epigenetic mechanisms in phenotypic plasticity toward soil water availability was examined in Populus×euramericana. This work aimed at characterizing (i) the transcriptome plasticity, (ii) the genome-wide plasticity of DNA methylation, and (iii) the function of genes affected by a drought-rewatering cycle in the shoot apical meristem...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
Jon Miranda-Apodaca, Usue Pérez-López, Maite Lacuesta, Amaia Mena-Petite, Alberto Muñoz-Rueda
Climate change can have major consequences for grassland communities since the different species of the community utilize different mechanisms for adaptation to drought and elevated CO2 levels. In addition, contradictory data exist when the combined effects of elevated CO2 and drought are analyzed because the soil water content is not usually similar between CO2 concentrations. Thus, the objectives of this work have been to examine the effect of water stress on plant water relations in two grassland species (Trifolium pratense and Agrostis capillaris), analyzing the possible differences between the two species when soil water content is equal in all treatments, and to elucidate if development under elevated CO2 increases drought tolerance and if so, which are the underlying mechanisms...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
Elsa A Cousins, Courtney J Murren
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Studies on phenotypic plasticity and plasticity of integration have uncovered functionally linked modules of aboveground traits and seedlings of Arabidopsis thaliana, but we lack details about belowground variation in adult plants. Functional modules can be comprised of additional suites of traits that respond to environmental variation. We assessed whether shoot and root responses to nutrient environments in adult A. thaliana were predictable from seedling traits or population-specific geologic soil characteristics at the site of origin...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Botany
Liang Hu, Youfang Chen, Meicun Liu
The curvature of the helical trajectory formed by herbaceous stem-twiners has been hypothesized to be constant on uniformly sized cylindrical supports and remains constant on different supports varying in diameter. However, experimental studies on the constant curvature hypothesis have been very limited. Here, we tested the hypothesis in a series of experiments on five herbaceous stem-twiners (Ipomoea triloba, Ipomoea nil, Phaseolus vulgaris, Vigna unguiculata, and Mikania micrantha). We investigated how internode characteristics (curvature [β], diameter [d], and length [L]) and success rate (SR) of twining shoots would be affected by support thickness (D), temperature (T), illumination, and support inclination...
November 2017: Ecology and Evolution
Susan Medina, S K Gupta, Vincent Vadez
Under conditions of high vapor pressure deficit (VPD) and soil drying, restricting transpiration is an important avenue to gain efficiency in water use. The question we raise in this article is whether breeding for agro-ecological environments that differ for the rainfall have selected for traits that control plant water use. These are measured in pearl millet materials bred for zones varying in rainfall (8 combinations of parent and F1-hybrids, 18 F1-hybrids and then 40 F1-hybrids). In all cases, we found an agro-ecological variation in the slope of the transpiration response to increasing VPD, and parental line variation in the transpiration response to soil drying within hybrids/parent combinations...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
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