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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786971/intergenerational-teen-pregnancy-a-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Ning Liu, Simone N Vigod, M Michèle Farrugia, Marcelo L Urquia, Joel G Ray
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the intergenerational association in teenage pregnancy, and whether there is a coupling tendency between a mother and daughter in how their teen pregnancies end, such as an induced abortion (IA) vs. a livebirth. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Ontario, Canada. POPULATION: 15,097 mothers and their 16,177 daughters. METHODS: Generalized estimating equations generated adjusted odds ratios (aOR) of a daughter experiencing a teen pregnancy in relation to the number of teen pregnancies her mother had...
May 22, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786877/morphomic-malnutrition-score-a-standardized-screening-tool-for-severe-malnutrition-in-adults
#2
Christopher Lee, Erica Raymond, Brian A Derstine, Joshua M Glazer, Rebecca Goulson, Avinash Rajasekaran, Jill Cherry-Bukowiec, Grace L Su, Stewart C Wang
BACKGROUND: Granular diagnostic criteria for adult malnutrition are lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study uses analytic morphomics to define the Morphomic Malnutrition Score (MMS), a robust screening tool for severe malnutrition. METHODS: The study population (n = 643) consisted of 2 cohorts: 1) 124 emergency department patients diagnosed with severe malnutrition by a registered dietitian (RD) and an available computed tomography (CT) scan within 2 days of RD evaluation, and 2) 519 adult kidney donor candidates to represent a healthy cohort...
May 22, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786768/risk-prediction-score-for-hiv-infection-development-and-internal-validation-with-cross-sectional-data-from-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#3
Lu Yin, Yuejuan Zhao, Meridith Blevins Peratikos, Liang Song, Xiangjun Zhang, Ruolei Xin, Zheya Sun, Yunan Xu, Li Zhang, Yifei Hu, Chun Hao, Yuhua Ruan, Yiming Shao, Sten H Vermund, Han-Zhu Qian
Receptive anal intercourse, multiple partners, condomless sex, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and drug/alcohol addiction are familiar factors that correlate with increased human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk among men who have sex with men (MSM). To improve estimation to HIV acquisition, we created a composite score using questions from routine survey of 3588 MSM in Beijing, China. The HIV prevalence was 13.4%. A risk scoring tool using penalized maximum likelihood multivariable logistic regression modeling was developed, deploying backward step-down variable selection to obtain a reduced-form model...
May 21, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786527/retrospective-analysis-of-bluetongue-farm-risk-profile-definition-based-on-biology-farm-management-practices-and-climatic-data
#4
Stefano Cappai, Federica Loi, Annamaria Coccollone, Marino Contu, Paolo Capece, Michele Fiori, Simona Canu, Cipriano Foxi, Sandro Rolesu
Bluetongue (BT) is a vector-borne disease transmitted by species of Culicoides midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Many studies have contributed to clarifying various aspects of its aetiology, epidemiology and vector dynamic; however, BT remains a disease of epidemiological and economic importance that affects ruminants worldwide. Since 2000, the Sardinia region has been the most affected area of the Mediterranean basin. The region is characterised by wide pastoral areas for sheep and represents the most likely candidate region for the study of Bluetongue virus (BTV) distribution and prevalence in Italy...
July 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786526/application-of-multiple-behaviour-change-models-to-identify-determinants-of-farmers-biosecurity-attitudes-and-behaviours
#5
I F Richens, J Houdmont, W Wapenaar, O Shortall, J Kaler, H O'Connor, M L Brennan
It has been recognised that few cattle farmers undertake biosecurity practices on their farms. Approaches that take into consideration individuals' preparedness for change, alongside beliefs thought to motivate the enactment of certain behaviours, may provide a framework for actuating tangible change. The aim of this study was to use a combination of behaviour change models to link beliefs with behaviour and identify possible key interventions to improve the uptake of biosecurity measures by dairy cattle farmers in Great Britain (GB)...
July 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786521/mortality-diarrhea-and-respiratory-disease-in-danish-dairy-heifer-calves-effect-of-production-system-and-season
#6
M Reiten, T Rousing, P T Thomsen, N D Otten, B Forkman, H Houe, J T Sørensen, M K Kirchner
Diarrhea and respiratory disease are major health problems for dairy calves, often causing calf mortality. Previous studies have found calf mortality to be higher in organic dairy herds compared to conventional herds. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between production system (conventional/organic), season (summer/winter) and calf mortality risk, diarrhea, signs of respiratory disease and ocular discharge, respectively, for dairy heifer calves aged 0-180 days. Sixty Danish dairy herds, 30 conventional and 30 organic, were visited once during summer and once during winter...
July 1, 2018: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786140/gender-differences-in-the-association-of-periodontitis-and-type-2-diabetes
#7
Ying Liu, Yang Yu, Jeffrey C Nickel, Laura R Iwasaki, Peipei Duan, Melanie Simmer-Beck, Laura Brown
AIMS: THE OBJECTIVE WAS TO INVESTIGATE IF GENDER DIFFERENCES EXIST IN THE ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN PERIODONTITIS AND TYPE 2 DIABETES. DISPROPORTIONATE DISPARITIES BY GENDER WERE FOUND TO EXIST IN RATES OF BOTH PERIODONTITIS AND DIABETES WITH RESPECT TO DEMOGRAPHICS AND BEHAVIOURAL PREDICTORS THAT CANNOT BE EXPLAINED SOLELY BY THE WELL-ESTABLISHED ASSOCIATION BETWEEN THESE TWO DISEASES. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MULTIPLE DATASETS WERE EXTRACTED FROM THE NATIONAL HEALTH AND NUTRITION EXAMINATION SURVEY (NHANES) 2009-2014, WHICH USED A STRATIFIED MULTISTAGE PROBABILITY SAMPLING TO OBTAIN SAMPLES FROM ALL CIVILIAN NON-INSTITUTIONALISED PEOPLE IN THE USA...
May 22, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786038/a-predictive-model-for-estimation-risk-of-proliferative-lupus-nephritis
#8
Dong-Ni Chen, Li Fan, Yu-Xi Wu, Qian Zhou, Wei Chen, Xue-Qing Yu
Background: Lupus nephritis (LN) is classified by renal biopsy into proliferative and nonproliferative forms, with distinct prognoses, but renal biopsy is not available for every LN patient. The present study aimed to establish an alternate tool by building a predictive model to evaluate the probability of proliferative LN. Methods: In this retrospective cohort with biopsy-proven LN, 382 patients in development cohort, 193 in internal validation cohort, and 164 newly diagnosed patients in external validation cohort were selected...
June 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786021/developing-and-implementing-a-global-emergency-medicine-course-lessons-learned-from-rwanda
#9
Sojung Yi, Olivier Félix Umuhire, Doris Uwamahoro, Mindi Guptill, Giles N Cattermole
Background: There is a growing demand by medical trainees for meaningful, short-term global emergency medicine (EM) experiences. EM programs in high-income countries (HICs) have forged opportunities for their trainees to access this experience in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, few programs in LMICs have created and managed such courses. As more LMICs establish EM programs, these settings are ideal for developing courses beneficial for all participants. We describe our experience of creating and implementing a short-term global EM course in Rwanda...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785893/evaluating-vaccination-strategies-to-control-foot-and-mouth-disease-a-country-comparison-study
#10
T G Rawdon, M G Garner, R L Sanson, M A Stevenson, C Cook, C Birch, S E Roche, K A Patyk, K N Forde-Folle, C Dubé, T Smylie, Z D Yu
Vaccination is increasingly being recognised as a potential tool to supplement 'stamping out' for controlling foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreaks in non-endemic countries. Infectious disease simulation models provide the opportunity to determine how vaccination might be used in the face of an FMD outbreak. Previously, consistent relative benefits of specific vaccination strategies across different FMD simulation modelling platforms have been demonstrated, using a UK FMD outbreak scenario. We extended this work to assess the relative effectiveness of selected vaccination strategies in five countries: Australia, New Zealand, the USA, the UK and Canada...
May 22, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785866/impact-of-personality-disorder-cluster-on-depression-outcomes-within-collaborative-care-management-model-of-care
#11
Merit P George, Gregory M Garrison, Zachary Merten, Dagoberto Heredia, Cesar Gonzales, Kurt B Angstman
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that having a comorbid personality disorder (PD) along with major depression is associated with poorer depression outcomes relative to those without comorbid PD. However, few studies have examined the influence of specific PD cluster types. The purpose of the current study is to compare depression outcomes between cluster A, cluster B, and cluster C PD patients treated within a collaborative care management (CCM), relative to CCM patients without a PD diagnosis...
January 2018: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785706/goal-striving-stress-is-associated-with-chronic-kidney-disease-among-participants-in-the-jackson-heart-study
#12
Loretta R Cain, LáShauntá Glover, Bessie Young, Mario Sims
OBJECTIVE: Research that assesses the relationship between psychosocial factors and chronic kidney disease (CKD) among African Americans (AAs) is limited. Using the Jackson Heart Study (JHS) cohort data, we investigated the association of goal-striving stress (GSS)-the stress experienced from not reaching goals-with prevalent CKD among AAs. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional analysis of JHS exam 1 data that assessed the relationship between GSS and CKD. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We utilized a sample from the JHS (n = 4967), an AA sample of women and men, 35-84 years old from the Jackson, MS metro area...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785549/once-episiotomy-always-episiotomy
#13
Ayala Zilberman, Eyal Sheiner, Orit Barrett, Batel Hamou, Tali Silberstein
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between episiotomy and perineal damage in the subsequent delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was conducted, comparing outcome of subsequent singleton deliveries of women with and without episiotomy in their first (index) delivery. Deliveries occurred between the years 1991-2015 in a tertiary medical center. Traumatic vaginal tears, multiple pregnancies, and cesarean deliveries (CD) in the index pregnancy were excluded from the analysis...
May 21, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785272/abdominal-obesity-in-type-1-diabetes-associated-with-gender-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-complications-and-difficulties-achieving-treatment-targets-a-cross-sectional-study-at-a-secondary-care-diabetes-clinic
#14
Eva O Melin, Hans O Thulesius, Magnus Hillman, Mona Landin-Olsson, Maria Thunander
Background: Abdominal obesity is linked to cardiovascular diseases in type 1 diabetes (T1D). The primary aim was to explore associations between abdominal obesity and cardiovascular complications, metabolic and inflammatory factors. The secondary aim was to explore whether achieved recommended treatment targets differed between the obese and non-obese participants. Methods: Cross sectional study of 284 T1D patients (age 18-59 years, men 56%), consecutively recruited from one secondary care specialist diabetes clinic in Sweden...
2018: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785169/self-reported-functional-communicative-and-critical-health-literacy-on-foodborne-diseases-in-accra-ghana
#15
Sangeeta Gupta, Raymond Asare Tutu, John Boateng, Janice Desire Busingye, Sathya Elavarthi
Background: Although substantial progress has been made in reducing total mortality resulting from foodborne diseases, diarrheal illness are still the second most common illnesses among children. In Ghana, foodborne diseases have consistently been among the top 20 causes of outpatient illness over the last couple of decades. This study, therefore, examines health literacy on foodborne diseases and the relative effects of health literacy on self-rated health. Methods: Foodborne diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality globally...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785095/factors-affecting-medication-adherence-in-community-managed-patients-with-hypertension-based-on-the-principal-component-analysis-evidence-from-xinjiang-china
#16
Yuji Zhang, Xiaoju Li, Lu Mao, Mei Zhang, Ke Li, Yinxia Zheng, Wangfei Cui, Hongpo Yin, Yanli He, Mingxia Jing
Purpose: The analysis of factors affecting the nonadherence to antihypertensive medications is important in the control of blood pressure among patients with hypertension. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between factors and medication adherence in Xinjiang community-managed patients with hypertension based on the principal component analysis. Patients and methods: A total of 1,916 community-managed patients with hypertension, selected randomly through a multi-stage sampling, participated in the survey...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785058/effects-of-maternal-obstructive-sleep-apnea-on-fetal-growth-a-case-control-study
#17
Anna W Kneitel, Marjorie C Treadwell, Louise M O'Brien
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether maternal obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with changes in fetal growth trajectory. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of pregnant women who underwent overnight polysomnography. Fetal growth was estimated using sonographic biometric measurements obtained during routine prenatal care. Customized estimated fetal weight and birth weight centiles were calculated and impaired fetal growth was defined as birth weight <10th centile or a slowing of fetal growth by >33% during the last trimester...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785038/reduced-peak-stimulated-growth-hormone-is-associated-with-hyperuricemia-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#18
Shuang Liang, Dejian Zhang, Jianhong Qi, Xiaobo Song, Jiang Xue
The purpose of the study is to investigate whether reduced peak GH response to arginine-levodopa test is associated with hyperuricemia in obese children and adolescents. The study population consisted of a total sample of 78 obese and 30 normal-weight children and adolescents without known hypopituitarism. All participants underwent clinical examination and GH stimulation testing. IGF-1, lipid profile and other metabolic markers were assessed. The obese subjects were then divided into two groups according to the serum levels of uric acid...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784907/a-predictive-model-for-risk-of-early-grade-%C3%A2-3-infection-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-not-eligible-for-transplant-analysis-of-the-first-trial
#19
Charles Dumontet, Cyrille Hulin, Meletios A Dimopoulos, Andrew Belch, Angela Dispenzieri, Heinz Ludwig, Philippe Rodon, Jan Van Droogenbroeck, Lugui Qiu, Michele Cavo, Ann Van de Velde, Juan José Lahuerta, Olivier Allangba, Jae Hoon Lee, Eileen Boyle, Aurore Perrot, Philippe Moreau, Salomon Manier, Michel Attal, Murielle Roussel, Mohamad Mohty, Jean Yves Mary, Alexandre Civet, Bruno Costa, Antoine Tinel, Yann Gaston-Mathé, Thierry Facon
Infections are a major cause of death in patients with multiple myeloma. A post hoc analysis of the phase 3 FIRST trial was conducted to characterize treatment-emergent (TE) infections and study risk factors for TE grade ≥ 3 infection. The number of TE infections/month was highest during the first 4 months of treatment (defined as early infection). Of 1613 treated patients, 340 (21.1%) experienced TE grade ≥ 3 infections in the first 18 months and 56.2% of these patients experienced their first grade ≥ 3 infection in the first 4 months...
April 26, 2018: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784755/intergenerational-associations-of-parent-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-child-health-outcomes
#20
Félice Lê-Scherban, Xi Wang, Kathryn H Boyle-Steed, Lee M Pachter
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) robustly predict future morbidity and mortality. Researchers are just beginning to investigate intergenerational effects. We hypothesize there are intergenerational associations between parent ACE exposure and worse child health, health behaviors, and health care access and use. METHODS: We linked data from 2 population-based cross-sectional telephone surveys in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, that were used to ask parents about their past exposure to ACEs and their child's health, respectively...
May 21, 2018: Pediatrics
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