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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166488/income-inequality-and-high-blood-pressure-in-colombia-a-multilevel-analysis
#1
Diego I Lucumi, Amy J Schulz, Ana V Diez Roux, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor
The objective of this research was to examine the association between income inequality and high blood pressure in Colombia. Using a nationally representative Colombian sample of adults, and data from departments and municipalities, we fit sex-stratified linear and logistic multilevel models with blood pressure as a continuous and binary variable, respectively. In adjusted models, women living in departments with the highest quintile of income inequality in 1997 had higher systolic blood pressure than their counterparts living in the lowest quintile of income inequality (mean difference 4...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166459/could-infarct-location-predict-the-long-term-functional-outcome-in-childhood-arterial-ischemic-stroke
#2
Mauricio López-Espejo, Marta Hernández-Chávez
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of infarct location on long-term functional outcome following a first-ever arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) in non-neonate children. METHOD: The MRIs of 39 children with AIS (median age 5.38 years; 36% girls; mean follow-up time 5.87 years) were prospectively evaluated. Infarct location was classified as the absence or presence of subcortical involvement. Functional outcome was measured using the modified Rankin scale (mRS) for children after the follow-up assessment...
October 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166435/smoking-among-adolescents-is-associated-with-their-own-characteristics-and-with-parental-smoking-cross-sectional-study
#3
Rafaela Campos Cuissi de Andrade, Aline Duarte Ferreira, Dionei Ramos, Ercy Mara Cipulo Ramos, Catarina Covolo Scarabottolo, Bruna Thamyres Ciccotti Saraiva, Luis Alberto Gobbo, Diego Giulliano Destro Christofaro
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the association between smoking during adolescence and the characteristics of smoking and alcohol consumption among their parents. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study in Londrina (PR), Brazil. METHODS: The subjects comprised 1,231 adolescents aged 14-17 years. The adolescents and their parents answered a self-report questionnaire that asked for sociodemographic information and data on smoking and alcohol consumption...
November 17, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166376/predictors-of-death-in-infants-with-probable-serious-bacterial-infection
#4
Prashant Singh, Ananya Arora, Tor A Strand, Halvor Sommerfelt, Rakesh Lodha, Sushil Kumar Kabra, Satinder Aneja, Uma Chandra Mouli Natchu, Jagdish Chandra, Bimbadhar Rath, Vinod Kumar Sharma, Mohini Kumari, Savita Saini, Shinjini Bhatnagar, Nitya Wadhwa
INTRODUCTION: Bacterial infections account for a significant proportion of neonatal and infant mortality globally. We aimed to identify predictors of death in infants with probable serious bacterial infection (PSBI) defined as signs/symptoms of possible serious bacterial infection along with baseline C-reactive protein (CRP) ≥12 mg/lMETHODS:We did a secondary analysis using the data collected from 700 infants with PSBI who participated in a randomized controlled trial in India in which zinc or placebo was given in addition to standard antibiotics...
November 22, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166251/risk-of-diabetes-mellitus-among-medicaid-beneficiaries-in-hawaii
#5
Dongmei Li, Chuan C Chinn, Ritabelle Fernandes, Christina M B Wang, Myra D Smith, Rebecca Rude Ozaki
INTRODUCTION: Medicaid is the largest primary health insurance for low-income populations in the United States, and it provides comprehensive benefits to cover treatment and services costs for chronic diseases, including diabetes. The standardized per capita spending on diabetes by Medicare beneficiaries enrolled in the fee-for-service program in Hawaii increased from 2012 to 2015. We examined the difference in odds of diabetes between Medicaid and non-Medicaid populations in major racial/ethnic groups in Hawaii...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166247/does-sodium-knowledge-affect-dietary-choices-and-health-behaviors-results-from-a-survey-of-los-angeles-county-residents
#6
George Dewey, Ranjana N Wickramasekaran, Tony Kuo, Brenda Robles
INTRODUCTION: In 2010, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health launched a local sodium-reduction initiative to address the rising prevalence of high blood pressure (hypertension) and related cardiovascular conditions in the population. To inform this effort, we evaluated self-reported knowledge and health behaviors related to sodium intake among Los Angeles County residents. METHODS: We administered 3 cross-sectional Internet panel surveys on knowledge about dietary sodium to a sample of Los Angeles County adults, at intervals from December 2014 through August 2016...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166238/shiga-toxin-producing-e-coli-infections-associated-with-flour
#7
Samuel J Crowe, Lyndsay Bottichio, Lauren N Shade, Brooke M Whitney, Nereida Corral, Beth Melius, Katherine D Arends, Danielle Donovan, Jolianne Stone, Krisandra Allen, Jessica Rosner, Jennifer Beal, Laura Whitlock, Anna Blackstock, June Wetherington, Lisa A Newberry, Morgan N Schroeder, Darlene Wagner, Eija Trees, Stelios Viazis, Matthew E Wise, Karen P Neil
Background In 2016, a multijurisdictional team investigated an outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) serogroup O121 and O26 infections linked to contaminated flour from a large domestic producer. Methods A case was defined as infection with an outbreak strain in which illness onset was between December 21, 2015, and September 5, 2016. To identify exposures associated with the outbreak, outbreak cases were compared with non-STEC enteric illness cases, matched according to age group, sex, and state of residence...
November 23, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166213/relationship-of-ptsd-with-impulsivity-dimensions-while-controlling-the-effect-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-a-sample-of-inpatients-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#8
Cuneyt Evren, Gokhan Umut, Muge Bozkurt, Bilge Evren
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with impulsivity dimensions while controlling the effect of anxiety and depression in a sample of inpatients with alcohol use disorder (AUD). METHODS: Participants were 190 male patients admitted to a specialized center for substance use disorders within a six month period. Participants were evaluated with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Short Form Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11-SF), the Traumatic Experiences Checklist (TEC) and PTSD Checklist Civilian version (PCL-C)...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165847/breast-lesion-characterization-using-whole-lesion-histogram-analysis-with-stretched-exponential-diffusion-model
#9
Chunling Liu, Kun Wang, Xiaodan Li, Jine Zhang, Jie Ding, Karl Spuhler, Timothy Duong, Changhong Liang, Chuan Huang
BACKGROUND: Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) has been studied in breast imaging and can provide more information about diffusion, perfusion and other physiological interests than standard pulse sequences. The stretched-exponential model has previously been shown to be more reliable than conventional DWI techniques, but different diagnostic sensitivities were found from study to study. PURPOSE: This work investigated the characteristics of whole-lesion histogram parameters derived from the stretched-exponential diffusion model for benign and malignant breast lesions, compared them with conventional apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), and further determined which histogram metrics can be best used to differentiate malignant from benign lesions...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165788/factors-affecting-compliance-with-confirmatory-colonoscopy-after-a-positive-fecal-immunochemical-test-in-a-national-colorectal-screening-program
#10
Shao-Yi Cheng, Ming-Chieh Li, Shu-Li Chia, Kuo-Chin Huang, Tai-Yuan Chiu, Ding-Cheng Chan, Han-Mo Chiu
BACKGROUND: Screening with the fecal immunochemical test (FIT) is effective in reducing deaths from colorectal cancer (CRC). Since 2004, biennial FIT screening has been available to a target population in Taiwan as a national screening program. The objective of the current study was to identify the factors that influence willingness to undergo a confirmatory colonoscopy after a positive FIT, because related references in the published literature were scarce. METHODS: A semistructured questionnaire was based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) and a literature review...
November 22, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165775/re-operative-abdominal-predictive-score-a-prognostic-model-combining-acute-re-intervention-predictive-index-and-intra-abdominal-pressure
#11
Caridad de Dios Soler-Morejón, Tomás Ariel Lombardo-Vaillant, Teddy Osmín Tamargo-Barbeito, Robert Wise, Manu L N G Malbrain
BACKGROUND: The decision to re-operate after abdominal surgery is still difficult, especially in the setting of intra-abdominal sepsis. Mathematical models provide a good aid to both diagnosis and decision-making. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted with 300 patients consecutively admitted to the intensive care unit of an academic institution affiliated to Calixto García Medical Faculty following abdominal surgery from January 2008 to January 2010...
November 22, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165687/investigation-of-the-relationship-between-radiation-dose-and-gene-mutations-and-fusions-in-post-chernobyl-thyroid-cancer
#12
Alexey A Efanov, Alina V Brenner, Tetiana I Bogdanova, Lindsey M Kelly, Pengyuan Liu, Mark P Little, Abigail I Wald, Maureen Hatch, Liudmyla Y Zurnadzy, Marina N Nikiforova, Vladimir Drozdovitch, Kiyohiko Mabuchi, Mykola D Tronko, Stephen J Chanock, Yuri E Nikiforov
Background: Exposure to ionizing radiation during childhood is a well-established risk factor for thyroid cancer. However, the genetic mechanisms of radiation-associated carcinogenesis remain not fully understood. Methods: In this study, we used targeted next-generation sequencing and RNA-Seq to study 65 papillary thyroid cancers (PTCs) from patients in the Ukrainian-American cohort with measurement-based iodine-131 (I-131) thyroid doses received as a result of the Chernobyl accident...
November 18, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165626/the-influence-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-on-living-to-age-85-years-without-disease-and-disability-in-older-women
#13
Eileen Rillamas-Sun, Michael J LaMonte, Kelly R Evenson, Cynthia A Thomson, Shirley A Beresford, Mathilda C Coday, Todd M Manini, Wenjun Li, Andrea Z LaCroix
Background: Whether physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior influence the odds of women living to age 85 years without chronic disease or disability is not well described. Methods: Participants of the Women's Health Initiative (n=49,612) were categorized based on health status by age 85 years: 1) lived without developing major chronic disease or mobility disability ("healthy"); 2) lived and developed mobility disability with or without disease; 3) lived and developed major chronic disease, but not mobility disability; and 4) died before their 85 th birth year...
November 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165537/frailty-is-not-associated-with-mistreatment
#14
S D Piña-Escudero, J M A García-Lara, J A Avila-Funes
Muscle Frailty has been previously associated with increased vulnerability for adverse health-related outcomes that could lead to social consequences such as mistreatment. The aim of this cross-sectional study is to determine the association between frailty and mistreatment in 852 community-dwelling persons aged 70 or older. Mistreatment was defined as one positive answer in the Geriatric Mistreatment Scale and frailty was used as a continuum where the greater number of positive criteria according to Fried et al...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165353/a-cross-sectional-study-on-the-association-between-24-h-urine-osmolality-and-weight-status-in-older-adults
#15
Patrícia Padrão, Ana S Sousa, Rita S Guerra, Luísa Álvares, Alejandro Santos, Nuno Borges, Cláudia Afonso, Teresa F Amaral, Pedro Moreira
Data on the association between hydration and body weight in the elderly are scarce. The objective of this work was to quantify the association between 24-h urine osmolality and weight status in the elderly. A cross-sectional study was conducted within the Nutrition UP 65 study. A quota sampling was implemented to achieve a nationally representative sample of Portuguese older adults (≥65 years) according to age, sex, education and region. From a sample size of 1500 participants, 1315 were eligible for the present analysis, 57...
November 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165138/a-relationship-between-a-level-of-hemoglobin-after-delivery-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-initiation-at-a-baby-friendly-hospital-in-japan
#16
Saki Horie, Kyoko Nomura, Shinichi Takenoshita, Junko Nakagawa, Michiko Kido, Mitsuhiro Sugimoto
BACKGROUND: The recent National Nutrition Survey of 2013 demonstrated that 16.7% of women in childbearing age are underweight, and 5.0-10.0% of these women manifested a Hemoglobin (Hb) level less than 11.0 g/dl. The purpose of this study was to investigate if such maternal nutritional status affects success of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practice. METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated 1532 dyads of mothers and infants with full-term singleton pregnancies delivered during 2011 at a perinatal center in Tokyo...
April 20, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165137/anorexia-nervosa-depression-and-suicidal-thoughts-among-chinese-adolescents-a-national-school-based-cross-sectional-study
#17
Qiguo Lian, Xiayun Zuo, Yanyan Mao, Shan Luo, Shucheng Zhang, Xiaowen Tu, Chaohua Lou, Weijin Zhou
BACKGROUND: Although there is much literature on adolescent suicide, combined effects of depression and anorexia nervosa on suicide were rarely investigated. The aims of this study are to examine the association between anorexia nervosa and suicidal thoughts and explore the interaction between anorexia nervosa and depression. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, in the study, a sample of 8,746 Chinese adolescents was selected by multistage stratified method in 2012/2013 from 20 middle schools in 7 provinces across China Mainland...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165082/easy-screening-for-mild-alzheimer-s-disease-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-from-elderly-speech
#18
Shohei Kato, Akira Homma, Takuto Sakuma
OBJECTIVE: This study presents a novel approach for early detection of cognitive impairment in the elderly. The approach incorporates the use of speech sound analysis, multivariate statistics, and data-mining techniques. We have developed a speech prosody-based cognitive impairment rating (SPCIR) that can distinguish between cognitively normal controls and elderly people with mild Alzheimer's disease (mAD) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) using prosodic signals extracted from elderly speech while administering a questionnaire...
November 20, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164938/an-examination-of-sociocultural-factors-associated-with-mammography-screening-among-latina-immigrants
#19
John S Luque, Yelena N Tarasenko, Debbie Chatman Bryant, Caroline Davila, Grace Soulen
INTRODUCTION: The study hypothesized that sociocultural factors would be associated with breast cancer screening within the past 2 years among Latina immigrant women. METHOD: This study employed a survey design and included 82 Latina immigrant female participants 40 to 64 years of age for the analysis. Two multivariable binary logistic regression models were estimated, one for the sociocultural deterrents and the other for the symptomatic deterrents from the Cultural Cancer Screening Scale...
September 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164922/health-care-access-utilization-and-cancer-screening-among-low-income-latina-women
#20
Cynthia M Mojica, Bertha Flores, Norma S Ketchum, Yuanyuan Liang
INTRODUCTION: Cancer screening reduces mortality rates for breast, cervical, and colon cancer. Yet cancer screening rates for Latina women are lower than for non-Latino Whites, and below Healthy People 2020 goals. Additionally, Latinos face many health care access barriers. This study examined health care access and utilization in relation to cancer screening among low-income Latina women recruited from a high-risk area and enrolled in a navigation-plus-education intervention. METHODS: Latina women considered rarely or never screened for breast, cervical, or colorectal cancer were recruited from community-based organizations and events (N = 691)...
January 1, 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
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