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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786002/eyelid-kaposi-sarcoma-in-an-hiv-negative-patient
#1
Jose Manuel Abalo-Lojo, Ihab Abdulkader-Nallib, Laura Martínez Pérez, Francisco Gonzalez
Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a low-grade, multicentric vascular neoplasm. Most commonly, it involves the skin, but it can occur at any site on the body. The cutaneous lesions are often located on the lower legs, genitalia, oral mucosa, and face. KS is categorized in four different types: classic, endemic, epidemic or AIDS associated, and transplantation associated. We report a case of HIV-negative, classic KS located on the eyelid. The eyelid lesion was completely excised, and after a 1-year follow-up, no recurrences were observed...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781229/poroid-hidradenoma-in-the-hand-a-case-report-and-systematic-review
#2
R M Miller, E I Leremia, J B Birch, J C Chan
Poroid hidradenoma (PH) is a rare, benign neoplasm of the skin appendages of either eccrine or apocrine derivation. It typically presents as an isolated, well-circumscribed, painless nodule most commonly in the head and neck region and limbs. It is described as a tumour with the architecture of a hidradenoma and cytological features of poroma 1 . This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 20, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780659/confocal-microscopy-in-skin-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Verena Ahlgrimm-Siess, Martin Laimer, Harold S Rabinovitz, Margaret Oliviero, Rainer Hofmann-Wellenhof, Ashfaq A Marghoob, Alon Scope
Purpose of Review: Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) enables imaging of skin lesions at cellular level resolution at the bedside (in vivo) or in freshly excised tissue (ex vivo). This article provides an overview of strengths and limitations of non-invasive RCM in skin cancer diagnosis. Recent Findings: RCM features of common melanocytic and non-melanocytic skin neoplasms such as melanoma, actinic keratosis/squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, and nevi have been well defined and show good correlation with dermoscopic and histopathologic findings...
2018: Current Dermatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780645/sustained-regression-of-hydroxycarbamide-induced-actinic-keratoses-after-switching-to-anagrelide
#4
Georgios Gaitanis, Dora Gougopoulou, Eleni Kapsali, Ioannis D Bassukas
Hydroxycarbamide (HC) is the first-line treatment for certain myeloproliferative neoplasms, such as polycythemia vera and essential thrombocytosis (ET). In a subset of these patients long-term treatment with HC can result in the development of confluent actinic keratoses (AK) followed by invasive keratinocytic carcinomas ("squamous dysplasia"), preferentially on sun-exposed skin. Discontinuation or dose reduction of HC may result in partial improvement. A 59-year-old farmer after 14 years on HC (2 gr/d) and acetylsalicylic acid (100 mg/d) for ET, was referred for numerous, hyperkeratotic AK on face, scalp, and hands that could not be controlled with repeated ( N = 15) cryosurgery sessions in the previous 3 years...
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776933/primary-cutaneous-osteosarcoma-of-the-scalp
#5
Yusra Al-Janabi, Khalid Al-Janabi, Kallirroi Tzafetta, Mahir Petkar
Primary cutaneous extraskeletal osteosarcoma (PCEO) is a rare malignant neoplasm with less than 20 cases reported in the literature to date. Presenting as a nodule or mass on the skin, commonly at sites of previous trauma or radiation, these lesions are differentiated from other neoplasms through their characteristic microscopic appearance. This report highlights a case of PCEO in a 75-year-old man with a history of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the scalp. Histological examination of a scalp nodule in the region of a previously excised SCC revealed proliferation of osteoid surrounded by malignant osteocytes...
May 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770284/solitary-palmar-keratoacanthoma-case-report
#6
Raghavendra L Girijala, Young Kwak, David Wright, Leonard H Goldberg
Keratoacanthoma (KA) is a squamous neoplasm exhibiting a triphasic growth pattern involving rapid growth, stabilization, and eventual spontaneous resolution. Historically, keratoacanthomas were thought to originate on hair-bearing skin or sun-exposed surfaces. However, recent reports demonstrate that they can occur on the mucous membranes, subungual regions, and palms and soles. We report a 74-year-old man who developed a KA on the left palmar surface after minor trauma, for which he underwent Mohs' micrographic surgery...
March 15, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766934/spectrum-of-metastatic-neoplasms-of-the-brain-a-clinicopathological-study-in-a-tertiary-care-cancer-centre
#7
Smrita Singh, Usha Amirtham, Chennagiri S Premalata, Kuntegowdanahalli C Lakshmaiah, Lokesh Viswanath, Rekha V Kumar
Background: While brain metastases (BM) are the most common causes of neurologic disorders in patients with known systemic malignancies, they can often be the initial manifestations of an undetected primary elsewhere. BM are major causes of morbidity and mortality in cancer patients. Aims: We describe a mixed population (data from both retrospective and prospective collection) having a BM from a solid tumor. We report the percentage distribution of the most frequent types of BM, confirming the data published in the literature...
May 2018: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762828/neoplasms-and-renal-transplantation-impact-of-gender-comorbidity-and-age-on-in-hospital-mortality-a-retrospective-study-in-the-region-emilia-romagna-of-italy
#8
F Fabbian, A De Giorgi, R Tiseo, R Cappadona, B Zucchi, M Rubbini, F Signani, A Storari, R De Giorgio, G La Manna, R Manfredini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the relationship between cancer, non-immunologic comorbidity, estimated by International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codification, gender and in-hospital mortality (IHM) in a large sample of renal transplant recipients (RTRs) living in the region Emilia-Romagna (RER) of Italy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated IHM in RTRs admitted between 2000 and 2013 recorded in the RER database...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760611/clinicopathologic-retrospective-analysis-of-blastic-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cell-neoplasms
#9
REVIEW
Agnieszka Owczarczyk-Saczonek, Małgorzata Sokołowska-Wojdyło, Berenika Olszewska, Marta Malek, Aleksandra Znajewska-Pander, Anna Kowalczyk, Wojciech Biernat, Grażyna Poniatowska-Broniek, Wanda Knopińska-Posłuszny, Zygmunt Kozielec, Roman Nowicki, Waldemar Placek
Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is one of the aggressive rare hematopoietic malignancies with predilection to the skin, primarily found in adults. The precise incidence of BPDCN is difficult to estimate due to constantly changing nomenclature and lack of precise defining criteria prior to the 2008 WHO classification system. There are not many cases described in the literature, what makes the diagnostic process challenging. Skin lesions such as erythematous infiltrates and nodules are usually the first manifestation of the disease...
April 2018: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753256/new-antineoplastic-agent-based-on-a-dibenzoylmethane-derivative-cytotoxic-effect-and-direct-interaction-with-dna
#10
Fernanda R Nascimento, Tiago A Moura, Jefferson V P B Baeta, Bruno C Publio, Pollyanna M F Ferreira, Anésia A Santos, Andressa A P França, Marcio S Rocha, Gaspar Diaz-Muñoz, Marisa A N Diaz
Melanoma accounts for only 4% of all skin cancers but is among the most lethal cutaneous neoplasms. Dacarbazine is the drug of choice for the treatment of melanoma in Brazil through the public health system mainly because of its low cost. However, it is an alkylating agent of low specificity and elicits a therapeutic response in only 20% of cases. Other drugs available for the treatment of melanoma are expensive, and tumor cells commonly develop resistance to these drugs. The fight against melanoma demands novel, more specific drugs that are effective in killing drug-resistant tumor cells...
May 3, 2018: Biophysical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751600/inflamed-phylloides-tumour-in-a-girl-a-challenging-diagnosis-in-paediatric-breast-lesions
#11
Ilaria Testa, Cristina Salvatori, Marco Prestipino, Maria Elena Laurenti, Paolo Gerli, Giuseppe Di Cara, Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito, Mirko Bertozzi
Introduction : Phylloides tumours (PTs) are rare fibroepithelial neoplasms that account for 0.3⁻0.9% of all breast tumours. These tumours typically occur in women aged 30⁻70 years. The occurrence of these tumours in older children and adolescents poses particular diagnostic and therapeutic problems. However, early diagnosis is mandatory because although most of the cases of PTs in children are benign, the borderline and malignant cases with potential negative outcomes cannot be excluded. Case presentation : A 12-year-old girl presented at the Paediatric Emergency Department for hyperaemia and warmth of the left breast that occurred a few days prior without fever...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747750/crocus-sativus-a-natural-food-coloring-and-flavoring-has-potent-anti-tumor-properties
#12
REVIEW
Zahra Khorasanchi, Mojtaba Shafiee, Farnoush Kermanshahi, Majid Khazaei, Mikhail Ryzhikov, Mohammad Reza Parizadeh, Behnoush Kermanshahi, Gordon A Ferns, Amir Avan, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian
BACKGROUND: Saffron, the dried stigmas of Crocus sativus L., is a highly valued agricultural product that is used mainly as a food coloring and flavoring agent. Three main secondary metabolites of Crocus sativus including crocin, picrocrocin, and safranal are responsible for the color, the bitter taste and for the odor and aroma, respectively. As a component of traditional medicine, saffron has been utilized as a medicinal herb for treating various ailments including cramps, asthma, liver disease, menstruation disorders, pain, and in the pathogenesis of cancer...
April 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738030/renal-oncocytoma-in-a-kidney-transplant-patient-the-imaging-features-on-contrast-enhanced-ultrasonography-ceus-a-case-report
#13
Lucia Alejandra Alfaro Villanueva, Maira Knust, Leonardo Quintella, José Hermógenes R Suassuna, Nordeval C Araújo
Renal oncocytoma is an infrequently reported renal neoplasm, often asymptomatic, which usually behaves as a benign entity and is identified accidentally on radiological imaging. Transplant patients under long-term immunosuppressive drugs have a high prevalence of cancers, such as skin cancers, lymphoproliferative disorders, and renal carcinomas. We present a case report of an asymptomatic renal oncocytoma in a kidney transplant recipient presenting persistent hematuria. The features of computed tomography and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) are presented...
April 19, 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731882/autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-in-ebv-positive-post-renal-transplant-refractory-multiple-myeloma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Xiaobao Xie, Yan Lin, Yang Cao, Weimin Dong, Wei Wu, Yuandong Zhu, Deliang Liu, Haiqian Li, Qing Li, Weiying Gu
Renal transplant recipients exhibit an increased risk of developing plasma cell neoplasms (PCNs; comprising multiple myeloma and plasmacytoma); however, multiple myeloma manifesting with refractory extramedullary plasmacytomas associated with Epstein-Barr virus are markedly rare in these patients. In the present case report, an unusual case of refractory multiple myeloma with multiple extramedullary plasmacytoma (including liver, vertebrae, breast, muscle, skin and soft tissues) was presented. The patient exhibited mild bone marrow infiltration which was successfully treated with novel agents, including bortezomib and lenalidomide, followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT)...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724710/improving-visualization-of-female-breast-cancer-survival-estimates-analysis-using-interactive-mapping-reports
#15
Awatef Ahmed Ben Ramadan, Jeannette Jackson-Thompson, Chester Lee Schmaltz
BACKGROUND: The Missouri Cancer Registry collects population-based cancer incidence data on Missouri residents diagnosed with reportable malignant neoplasms. The Missouri Cancer Registry wanted to produce data that would be of interest to lawmakers as well as public health officials at the legislative district level on breast cancer, the most common non-skin cancer among females. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to measure and interactively visualize survival data of female breast cancer cases in the Missouri Cancer Registry...
May 3, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723365/lymphoepithelioma-like-carcinoma-of-the-skin
#16
Cristiano Claudino Oliveira, Vinicius Cardoso Nóbrega, Mariângela Esther Alencar Marques
Primary cutaneous lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma is a rare disease with low metastatic potential. Its morphologic and pathological features are similar to those of nasopharyngeal lymphoepithelial carcinoma. We report the case of a 60-year-old man with an infrapalpebral pearly papule, measuring 0.6 cm in diameter. The lesion was excised with a clinical hypothesis of basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma. Histopathological analysis revealed a malignant neoplasm with syncytial arrangement of cells with vesicular nuclei, associated with dense lymphocytic infiltrate...
March 2018: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722002/genetics-of-metastasis-melanoma-and-other-cancers
#17
Noel Turner, Olivia Ware, Marcus Bosenberg
Melanoma is a malignant neoplasm of melanocytes that accounts for the majority of skin cancer deaths despite comprising less than 5% of all cutaneous malignancies. Its incidence has increased faster than that of any other cancer over the past half-century and the annual costs of treatment in the United States alone have risen rapidly. Although the majority of primary melanomas are cured with local excision, metastatic melanoma historically carries a grim prognosis, with a median survival of 9 months and a long-term survival rate of 10%...
May 2, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719317/impact-of-the-national-population-register-in-improving-the-health-information-system-of-malignant-diseases-in-kosova
#18
Merita Berisha, Florie Miftari-Basholli, Naser Ramadani, Sanije Gashi, Rina Hoxha, Dardan Kocinaj
Introduction: Malignant diseases are serious socio-medical problem, being that they cause grave problems in terms of health, social and economic perspective to an individual, in particular, and society in general. A proper reporting and monitoring system enables adequate calculation of indicators and evidence based decision making. Aim: The study aims to examine the appearance of malignancies diagnosed and reported in Kosovo for a three years period: 2012, 2013, and 2014 by its modalities such as by the years of appearance, gender, age, and most frequent types of malignancies...
2018: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719022/approach-to-dermal-based-lymphoid-infiltrates-and-proliferations
#19
Yann Charli-Joseph, Sonia Toussaint-Claire, Carmen Lome-Maldonado, Daniel Montante-Montes de Oca, Carlos Ortiz-Hidalgo
The histopathological diagnosis of dermal-based lymphoid infiltrates and proliferations is often challenging due to the vast list of biologically diverse entities that archetypally or occasionally center in the mid-dermis, especially because significant overlap exists in their clinical, histopathologic, and immunophenotypic features. The differential diagnosis includes reactive infiltrates in common and rare inflammatory dermatoses, benign conditions that may mimic lymphoid neoplasms (pseudolymphomas), and true clonal proliferations arising either primarily in the skin or rarely in extracutaneous tissues with secondary cutaneous dissemination...
March 2018: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717505/diagnostic-accuracy-of-whole-slide-imaging-for-cutaneous-soft-tissue-and-melanoma-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsies-with-and-without-immunohistochemistry
#20
Michael R Sargen, Kevin M Luk, Benjamin K Stoff, Jaime MacKelfresh, Samit Patrawala, Chao Zhang, David Gutman, Suephy C Chen
Skin biopsies requiring expert dermatopathology review are likely to increase in future years as a result of an aging U.S. population, which is projected to significantly increase demand for dermatologic care.(1-4) As a result, differentiating between benign and malignant cutaneous neoplasms or evaluating an inflammatory condition may require consultation with dermatopathologists at distant laboratories.
May 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
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