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hypoglossal schwannoma

Giulio Illuminati, Giulia Pizzardi, Rocco Pasqua, Piergaspare Palumbo, Francesco Vietri
INTRODUCTION: Schwannomas of the descending loop of the hypoglossal nerve are very rare. They are slow-growing tumors that may masquerade a carotid body tumor. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 60-year-old female was referred for a latero-cervical mass appearing as a chemodectoma at CT-scan. At operation, a 2cm mass arising from the descending loop of the hypoglossal nerve was resected en bloc with the loop itself and a functional lymphadenectomy was associated. Post-operative course was uneventful and the patient is free from disease recurrence at one year follow-up...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Kulamani Sahoo, Pramod Ramchand Shaha, Rahul Khetawat, Mohd Abbas Ilyas, Gaurav Rajendra Khairnar
Schwannomas (neurinoma, neurilemmoma) are benign slow-growing encapsulated tumours originating from well-differentiated myelin-producing Schwann cells or nerve fiber sheet cells at the glial-Schwann cell junction. Hypoglossal nerve schwannoma mostly develops in the intracranial and extra-cranial segment or in both intracranial and extra-cranial segment forming a dumbbell shape tumour. The peripheral hypoglossal schwannomas are very rare. We present a case of right hypoglossal nerve schwannoma in a 46-year-old female who presented with headache and neck pain since 2 weeks with deviation of tongue to right side since 1 week...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
F Pilolli, L Giordano, A Galli, M Bussi
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the advantages of a video-assisted, minimally invasive transcervical approach to benign and malignant parapharyngeal space (PPS) tumours. Ten patients affected by benign and malignant PPS neoplasms underwent a combined transcervical and video-assisted minimally invasive approach, using Hopkins telescopes. We describe the operative technique and perform a review of the literature. Definitive histology revealed 3 pleomorphic adenomas, 2 schwannomas, 2 metastatic papillary thyroid carcinomas, one carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma, one cavernous haemangioma and one basal cell adenoma...
August 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Ji Hyuk Han, Mischelle J Suh, Jin Won Kim, Hyun Sang Cho, In Seok Moon
CONCLUSION: In this series, the split type hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis resulted in more favorable outcomes in terms of both facial function and tongue atrophy. OBJECTIVE: This study compared surgical techniques for hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis after schwannoma removal and evaluated which technique achieves better facial outcomes and less tongue morbidity. METHOD: This study included 14 patients who underwent hypoglossal-facial nerve anastomosis after schwannoma removal and were followed for more than 1 year...
January 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Yong Li, Jinrong Lou, Shujun Qiu, Yutian Guo, Mianshun Pan
Cases of hypoglossal schwannoma are extremely rare. Historically, microsurgical resection has been the standard treatment, but it may not always be feasible; thus, it is crucial to investigate alternative treatments. We herein present the cases of two patients, both of whom presented with tongue deviation and hemiatrophy, accompanied by headaches. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a dumbbell-shaped tumor originating from the hypoglossal nerve that was adjacent to the cranial base in each patient. Hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy was used to treat the tumors, with a total dose of 30 Gy in 3-Gy fractions delivered to the planning target volume...
August 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Zhiyun Yu, Gang Zhao, Zhongying Zhao, Yunqian Li, Guifang Xie
Dumbbell-shaped hypoglossal Schwannomas of the 12th cranial nerve are extremely rare, and complete removal of these tumors is difficult, particularly in elderly patients with recurrent tumors. The present study reports the case of a 61-year-old male with a giant recurrent dumbbell-shaped hypoglossal schwannoma that arose extracranially. The recurrent tumor was completely removed in a one-stage surgical procedure via the far lateral suboccipital approach in combination with the transcervical approach. To the best of our knowledge, such a lesion has not been reported previously...
January 2016: Oncology Letters
Toshinori Hasegawa, Takenori Kato, Yoshihisa Kida, Ayaka Sasaki, Yoshiyasu Iwai, Takeshi Kondoh, Takahiko Tsugawa, Manabu Sato, Mitsuya Sato, Osamu Nagano, Kotaro Nakaya, Kiyoshi Nakazaki, Tadashige Kano, Koichi Hasui, Yasushi Nagatomo, Soichiro Yasuda, Akihito Moriki, Toru Serizawa, Seiki Osano, Akira Inoue
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to explore the efficacy and safety of stereotactic radiosurgery in patients with jugular foramen schwannomas (JFSs). METHODS This study was a multiinstitutional retrospective analysis of 117 patients with JFSs who were treated with Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) at 18 medical centers of the Japan Leksell Gamma Knife Society. The median age of the patients was 53 years. Fifty-six patients underwent GKS as their initial treatment, while 61 patients had previously undergone resection. At the time of GKS, 46 patients (39%) had hoarseness, 45 (38%) had hearing disturbances, and 43 (36%) had swallowing disturbances...
January 22, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Monirah Albathi, Sam Oyer, Lisa E Ishii, Patrick Byrne, Masaru Ishii, Kofi O Boahene
IMPORTANCE: Preserving facial nerve function is a primary goal and a key decision factor in the comprehensive management of vestibular schwannoma and other cerebellopontine angle (CPA) tumors. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of the pattern of facial paralysis recovery in the early postoperative months as a sole predictor in selecting patients for facial nerve grafting after CPA tumor resection when cranial nerve VII is uninterrupted. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-two patients with facial paralysis and uninterrupted cranial nerve VII who developed facial paralysis after CPA tumor resection at The Johns Hopkins Hospital were followed up prospectively to assess for spontaneous recovery and to determine candidacy for facial reanimation surgery...
January 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Pokhraj Prakashchandra Suthar, Kewal Arunkumar Mistry, Patel Rajan, Patel Ankit, Chetan Mehta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Saeko Hayashi, Satoshi Takahashi, Satoka Shidoh, Kazunari Yoshida
In hypoglossal schwannoma removal via the far-lateral approach needs care as the vertebral arteries are usually adjacent to the tumors. Thus, it is important to understand their location respective to schwannoma to conduct a safe surgery. We reviewed the data of eight patients with hypoglossal schwannoma who underwent surgery in Keio University Hospital in 2005-2013. There were five males and three females (mean age at initial presentation was 48.6 years, range 38-72 years). We especially focused on the spatial relationship between the vertebral artery and the tumor, and evaluated their spatial relationship from intraoperative findings...
2015: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
Arzu Bilgin-Freiert, Kåre Fugleholm, Lars Poulsgaard
We report a case of an intraneural ganglion cyst of the hypoglossal canal. The patient presented with unilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy, and magnetic resonance imaging showed a small lesion in the hypoglossal canal with no contrast enhancement and high signal on T2-weighted imaging. The lesion was assumed to be a cystic schwannoma of the hypoglossal nerve. Stereotactic irradiation was considered, but in accordance with the patient's wishes, surgical exploration was performed. This revealed that, rather than a schwannoma, the patient had an intraneural ganglion cyst, retrospectively contraindicating irradiation as an option...
July 2015: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
George Rallis, Konstantinos Mourouzis, Chrysostomos Maltezos, Panagiotis Stathopoulos
BACKGROUND: Carotid chemodectomas or carotid body tumors are rare neoplasms, generally benign and frequently asymptomatic, which represent 0.6 % of all head and neck tumours. Schwannomas or neurilemmomas are benign, slow growing tumours that derive from the sheath of peripheral and cranial nerves. Of all neurilemmomas, 25-45 % originate from the head and neck region, with the vagus nerve being one the most encountered sites of occurrence. CASE REPORT: We describe a schwannoma originating from the vagus nerve mimicking a carotid body tumour and compromising the function of the hypoglossal nerve...
March 2015: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Hari Ram, S P Agrawal, Nuzhat Husain, Swagnik Chakrabarti
Schwannomas are benign tumor of the schwann cells. These are common in eighth, tenth cranial nerves and parasympathetic chain. Hypoglossal schwannomas are rare. Among the hypoglossal schwannomas the intracranial and dumb-bell shaped schwannomas are frequent but extra cranial hypoglossal schwannomas are rare. We describe a parapharyngeal hypoglossal schwannoma in a 25 years female presenting as slow growing mass in right side of the neck.
March 2015: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Madjid Samii, Maysam Alimohamadi, Reza Karimi Khouzani, Masoud Rafizadeh Rashid, Venelin Gerganov
BACKGROUND: The hypoglossal facial anastomosis (HFA) is the gold standard for facial reanimation in patients with severe facial nerve palsy. The major drawbacks of the classic HFA technique are lingual morbidities due to hypoglossal nerve transection. The side-to-end HFA is a modification of the classic technique with fewer tongue-related morbidities. OBJECTIVES: In this study we compared the outcome of the classic end-to-end and the direct side-to-end HFA surgeries performed at our center in regards to the facial reanimation success rate and tongue-related morbidities...
August 2015: World Neurosurgery
Shyam Sundar Krishnan, Sivaram Bojja, Madabhushi Chakravarthy Vasudevan
Schwannomas are benign lesions that arise from the nerve sheath of cranial nerves. The most common schwannomas arise from the 8(th) cranial nerve (the vestibulo-cochlear nerve) followed by trigeminal and facial nerves and then from glossopharyngeal, vagus, and spinal accessory nerves. Schwannomas involving the oculomotor, trochlear, abducens and hypoglossal nerves are very rare. We report a very unusual spinal accessory nerve schwannoma which occupied the fourth ventricle and extended inferiorly to the upper cervical canal...
January 2015: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Tong Yang, Gordana Juric-Sekhar, Donald Born, Laligam N Sekhar
Objectives Hypoglossal schwannomas are rare. Surgical resection has been the standard treatment modality. Radiosurgery has been increasingly used for treatment. Radiation-associated secondary malignancy/malignant transformation has not been documented in the literature for the treatment of nonvestibular schwannomas. Setting The patient was a 52-year-old man with an enlarging high cervical/skull base lesion 8.5 years after CyberKnife treatment of a presumed vagal schwannoma. A decision was made for surgical resection, and the tumor was found to originate from the hypoglossal nerve intraoperatively...
August 2014: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Ashish Suri, Sumit Bansal, Bhawani S Sharma, Ashok Kumar Mahapatra, Shashank Sharad Kale, P Sarat Chandra, Manmohan Singh, Rajinder Kumar, Manish S Sharma
Background Hypoglossal schwannomas are rare intracranial neoplasms. Microsurgical resection with the goal of cure is the aim of management but is associated with a high rate of postoperative morbidity. Objective The objective of the study was to outline the clinical presentation, radiologic characteristics, surgical techniques, postoperative morbidity, and long-term follow-up results for hypoglossal schwannomas. Methods Patients treated for hypoglossal schwannoma at the Department of Neurosurgery of a tertiary-level referral institution from January 2001 until December 2010 were analyzed retrospectively using hospital records...
June 2014: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
Daniel Yafit, Gilad Horowitz, Iosif Vital, Garrett Locketz, Dan M Fliss
Surgical resection of extracranial head and neck schwannomas (ECHNS) may be associated with major morbidity, but some ECHNSs can be safely treated expectantly. The aim of this study is to present a large case series and an algorithm for therapeutic decision-making in the management of ECHNS. The clinical records of patients diagnosed and treated for ECHNS between 1999 and 2012 at The Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center were reviewed retrospectively. All relevant demographic and medical data were extracted, among them presenting symptoms, surgical approaches, nerve of origin, complications and follow-up...
August 2015: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
ZhaoYan Wang, HongSai Chen, Qi Huang, ZhiHua Zhang, Jun Yang, Hao Wu
The purpose of this study was to discuss surgical approach selection, surgical procedures, and treatment strategy for preservation of the facial and lower cranial nerve function in craniocervical schwannomas surgery. Between 2002 and 2011, 44 craniocervical schwannomas were operated in Xinhua hospital of Shanghai, China by the same surgical team. The records were reviewed retrospectively regarding clinical presentation, radiographic assessment, surgical approaches selection, surgical procedures and facial and lower cranial nerve follow-up outcomes...
September 2015: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Danielle Seabra Ramos, Damien Bonnard, Valérie Franco-Vidal, Dominique Liguoro, Vincent Darrouzet
AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the results of facial nerve (FN) grafting using great auricular cable graft and fibrin glue without suturing to palliate FN disruption after removal of large cerebellopontine angle (CPA) vestibular schwannoma (VS) or facial nerve schwannoma (FNS). To assess whether tumor size and origin influenced the results. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective review of all patients having undergone removal of FNS/VS and needing intraoperative FN repair between 2001 and 2011...
March 2015: Otology & Neurotology
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