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Richard L Skolasky, Emily A Scherer, Stephen T Wegener, Tor D Tosteson
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Pain, pain-related disability, and functional limitations are common consequences of intervertebral disc herniation (IDH). We hypothesized that surgical treatment reduces pain, leading to improvement in pain-related disability and, ultimately, better physical health. PURPOSE: The present study aims to evaluate pathways for improvements in quality of life during the first year after surgery for IDH by studying temporal relationships between sciatica symptoms, pain-related disability, and physical health...
December 12, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Claude Level, Eric Tellier, Patrick Dezou, Karim Chaoui, Aissa Kherchache, Philippe Sejourné, Anne Marie Rullion-Pac Soo
BACKGROUND: The outcome and functional trajectory of older persons admitted to intensive care (ICU) unit remain a true question for critical care physicians and geriatricians, due to the heterogeneity of geriatric population, heterogeneity of practices and absence of guidelines. AIM: To describe the 1-year outcome, prognosis factors and functional trajectory for older people admitted to ICU. METHODS: In a prospective 1-year cohort study, all patients aged 75 years and over admitted to our ICU were included according to a global comprehensive geriatric assessment...
December 6, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Parisa Azimi, Hossein Nayeb Aghaei, Shirzad Azhari, Sohrab Shazadi, Hamid Khayat Kashany, Hassan Reza Mohammadi, Ali Montazeri
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PURPOSE: This study aimed to cross-culturally translate and validate the low back outcome score (LBOS) in Iran. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Lumbar disc hernia (LDH) is the most common diagnoses of low back pain and imposes a heavy burden on both individual and society. Instruments measuring patient reported outcomes should satisfy cetain psychometric properties. METHODS: The translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the original questionnaire was performed using Beaton's guideline...
August 2016: Asian Spine Journal
Murray Weeks, Bryan G Garber, Mark A Zamorski
OBJECTIVES: The initial goal was to validate the use of a self-report measure of disability in the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF). The main goal was to document the extent of disability in personnel with and without mental disorders. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey; the sample included 6700 Regular Forces personnel. Disability was measured with the 12-item version of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS-2); established cut points were used to demarcate severe, moderate, minimal, and no disability...
April 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Saime Ay, Hatice Ecem Konak, Deniz Evcik, Sibel Kibar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of Kinesio Taping and sham Kinesio Taping on pain, pressure pain treshold, cervical range of motion, and disability in cervical myofascial pain syndrome patients (MPS). METHODS: This study was designed as a randomized, double-blind placebo controlled study. Sixty one patients with MPS were randomly assigned into two groups. Group 1 (n=31) were treated with kinesio taping and group 2 (n=30) were treated sham taping five times by intervals of 3 days for 15 days...
March 9, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
V S Knopik, J C Defries, M Alarcón
In order to compare the pattern of gender differences for cognitive measures in opposite-sex twin pairs to that in independent samples of twins from same-sex pairs, psychometric test data were obtained from four research-identified samples of children: (1) 96 pairs of opposite-sex fraternal twins in which at least one member of each pair is reading disabled; (2) 62 pairs of opposite-sex fraternal twins with no history of reading problems; (3) 167 males and 155 females from same-sex identical and same-sex fraternal twin pairs in which at least one member of each pair is reading disabled; and (4) a comparison sample of 126 males and 132 females from same-sex twin pairs with no history of reading problems...
January 1996: Annals of Dyslexia
J D Stout, J Atkins, C Hamann
A mobile outreach program is presented here as a response to the rapidly expanding demand for occupational therapy services in the field of developmental disabilties. Histroical overview of Operation Outreach will include discussion of societal trends influencing the program as well as factual information specific to the Indiana University (IU) experience. Demand for increased productivity and efficiency with cost containment led to IU's modified truck, housing a complete mobile adapted equipment laboratory, for convenient on-site evaluations and service of Wheelchair and custom designed posistioning equipment...
1989: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
Anne Philippe, Valérie Malan, Marie-Line Jacquemont, Nathalie Boddaert, Jean-Paul Bonnefont, Sylvie Odent, Arnold Munnich, Laurence Colleaux, Valérie Cormier-Daire
We report here on two patients with Xq25 duplication encompassing GRIA3 gene, encoding glutamate receptor, ionotropic, AMPA subunit 3. The first case of Xq25 duplication was identified using genome-wide array comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) in a 24-year-old patient with syndromic intellectual disability. Based on similar facial features, we clinically suspected a second case of Xq25 duplication in a 4-year-old boy with intellectual disabilty. This duplication was confirmed by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) of the GRIA3 gene, as well as by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and further refined by array-CGH...
June 2013: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Kimberly Devotta, Robert Wilton, Niko Yiannakoulias
PURPOSE: To assess stability and change in representations of disability and persons with disability in the Canadian news media between 1998 and 2008. METHOD: The study replicated research conducted in 1998 that assessed the representation of disability in the Canadian news media. Following the earlier study, three newspapers were selected (Globe and Mail, Toronto Star and Toronto Sun) and all articles from a three-month period in 1998 and 2008 were assessed for disability content...
2013: Disability and Rehabilitation
Pilar Brugulat-Guiteras, Xavier Puig-Oriol, Anna Mompart-Penina, Elisa Séculi-Sánchez, Antoni Salvà-Casanovas
The aim of this article is to estimate the disabilty prevalence for the activities of daily living (ADL), the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics and the use of health services, distinguishing between the population receiving assistance for ADL and not. Cross-sectional study (Encuesta de Salud de Cataluña [ESCA] 2006). We have analyzed 17 ADL. Differences among proportions are estimated with a 95% confidence interval to characterize the analysis groups. Logistic regression describes the explanatory variables about getting help or not...
December 2011: Medicina Clínica
I D Gelalis, E Arnaoutoglou, E E Pakos, A N Politis, M Rapti, T A Xenakis, G Papadopoulos
In order to assess the efficacy of epidural steroid injections (ESI) in acute and subacute pain due to lumbar spine disk herniation, we conducted a randomized trial, comparing 2 different protocols. Fourty patients with radicular pain due to L4-L5 and L5-S1 disc herniation were assigned to receive either 3 consecutive ESI every 24 hours through a spinal catheter (group A) or 3 consecutive ESI every 10 days with an epidural needle (group B). All patients had improved Oswestry Disabilty Index (ODI) and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain scores at 1 month of follow-up compared to baseline, while no significant differences were observed between the 2 groups...
December 24, 2009: Open Orthopaedics Journal
Ijaz Ahmed, Sohail Ahmed, Sarwat Nasreen
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo affects one to four percent of the population, regardless of age, race or sex. People with this disorder may experience emotional stress, particularly if vitiligo develops on visible areas of the body, such as face, hands, arms, feet, or on the genitals. Some feel embarrassed, ashamed, depressed, or worried about how others will react. Severel indices have been used from time to time to measure the extent of psychiatric disabilty caused by skin disorders. Regarding vitiligo, not much work has been done in Pakistan...
July 2007: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Linda C Mechling, David L Gast, Kristin Krupa
The effects of SMART Board technology, an interactive electronic whiteboard, and a 3s constant time delay (CTD) procedure was evaluated for teaching sight word reading to students with moderate intellectual disabilties within a small group arrangment. A multiple probe design across three word sets and replicated with three students was used to evaluate the effectiveness of SMART Board technology on: (a) reading target grocery words; (b) matching grocery item photos to target grocery words; (c) reading other students' target grocery words through observational learning; and (d) matching grocery item photos to observational grocery words...
November 2007: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Jau-Hong Lin, Athena Yi-Jung Tsai, Sing-Kai Lo, Jyh-Jong Chang, Mao-Hsiung Huang
The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of grades of disability at least 1 year after stroke rehabilitation therapy. We recruited stroke patients from the inpatient rehabilitation department of a university hospital. The degree of disability was graded using the disability evaluation at least 1 year after stroke onset. Functional ability was evaluated using the Functional Independence Measure instrument on admission, on discharge from the inpatient rehabilitation program, and at the 6-month follow-up visit after discharge...
May 2005: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
H Covey
The plays of William Shakespeare were reviewed for references to disabilities, aging and disability, and older characters with disabilities. Shakespeare's references draw from traditional cultural notions about older people with disabilities. These traditional notions include people with physical disabilities being evil, the entertainment value of disabilty, and those who were mentally ill being wild and animal-like. He viewed the aging process as disabling and old age as a time when individuals lost some abilities to function, particularly when it came to mental capacity and physical mobility...
2000: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
A Schick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1966: Folia Phoniatrica
I Gladkij
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1968: Ceskoslovenské Zdravotnictví
S Ramcharan, J L Cutler, R Feldman, A B Siegelaub, B Campbell, G D Friedman, L G Dales, M F Collen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1973: Preventive Medicine
B P Rourke, M A Finlayson
Forty-five 9- to 14-year-old children with learning disabilties whose WISC Full Scale IQs fell within the range of 86-114 were divided into three groups on the basis of their patterns of reading, spelling, and arithmetic achievement. Group 1 was composed of children who were uniformly deficient in reading, spelling, and arithmetic; children in Group 2 were relatively adept at arithmetic as compared to their performance in reading and spelling; Group 3 was composed of children whose reading and spelling performances were average or above, but whose arithmetic performance was relatively deficient...
March 1978: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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