keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Flora

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230723/bifidobacterium-adolescentis-exerts-strain-specific-effects-on-constipation-induced-by-loperamide-in-balb-c-mice
#1
Linlin Wang, Lujun Hu, Qi Xu, Boxing Yin, Dongsheng Fang, Gang Wang, Jianxin Zhao, Hao Zhang, Wei Chen
Constipation is one of the most common gastrointestinal complaints worldwide. This study was performed to determine whether Bifidobacterium adolescentis exerts inter-strain differences in alleviating constipation induced by loperamide in BALB/c mice and to analyze the main reasons for these differences. BALB/c mice underwent gavage with B. adolescentis (CCFM 626, 667, and 669) once per day for 17 days. The primary outcome measures included related constipation indicators, and the secondary outcome measures were the basic biological characteristics of the strains, the concentration changes of short-chain fatty acids in feces, and the changes in the fecal flora...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229828/successful-treatment-of-a-refractory-dysbiotic-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-in-a-patient-with-systemic-sclerosis-polymyositis-overlap-syndrome-by-intravenous-immunoglobulin-administration-possibly-related-to-gut-flora-normalisation
#2
Risa Kamei, Toshifumi Yamaoka, Kuniko Ikinaga, Hiroyuki Murota, Kentaro Shimizu, Ichiro Katayama
****************************************************************************.
January 31, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229218/microbial-flora-and-resistance-in-ophthalmology-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Andrzej Grzybowski, Piotr Brona, Stephen Jae Kim
Antibiotic resistance in systemic infection is well-researched and well-publicized. Much less information is available on the resistance of normal ocular microbiome and that of ophthalmic infections. An understanding of the distribution of ocular microorganisms may help us in tailoring our empiric treatment, as well as in choosing effective pre-, peri- and postoperative management, to achieve the best results for patients. This study aims to summarize and review the available literature on the subject of normal ocular flora and its resistance, as well as the broader topic of antibiotic resistance in ophthalmology...
February 22, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228683/eutrema-salsugineum-cruciferae-new-to-mexico-a-surprising-generic-record-for-the-flora-of-middle-america
#4
Dmitry A German, Marcus A Koch
The paper reports Eutrema salsugineum as a novelty to the flora of Mexico and Middle America in general. The finding stands ca. 1600 km apart from the closest known locality in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado, USA. The species is considered native to NW Mexico and its late discovery in the region is presumably explained by its tiny habit, early flowering time, and subephemeral life cycle. The phylogenetic position of this Mexican population in a haplotype network based on the chloroplast DNA fragment psbA-trnH confirms this hypothesis and also suggests, in contrast to the previously held viewpoint, multiple colonizations of North American continent from Asia...
2017: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225489/immunoregulation-effects-of-different-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells-and-toll-like-receptor-signaling-pathways-in-neonatal-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#5
Lei Hui, Yi Dai, Zhi Guo, Jiahui Zhang, Fang Zheng, Xiangli Bian, Zhimin Wu, Qin Jiang, Miaomiao Guo, Ke Ma, Jinping Zhang
The aim of the study was to observe cytokine and T-cell-related toll-like-receptor (TLR) changes in intestinal samples of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis patients.Four necrotic bowels were collected from neonatal NEC patients with gestational ages of 28 to 29 weeks in our hospital, whereas 4 neonatal patients who underwent intestinal atresia surgery served as the controls. Intestinal flora was examined and IL-1, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-17 expressions in resected intestine samples, as well as in isolated gamma delta T (γδT) cells, were analyzed immunohistochemically and via quantitative RT-PCR...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224021/mesenchymal-stem-cells-as-potential-therapeutic-approaches-in-celiac-disease
#6
REVIEW
Ali Moheb-Alian, Flora Forouzesh, Mohammad Rostami-Nejad, Kamran Rostami
As a chronic immune complication, celiac disease has a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations and gluten ingestion as an external trigger will induce the onset of this disease in genetically predisposed individuals. Because of the complex nature of celiac disease and various cascades of immunological pathways, therapies which are tend to target a single pathway or factor, often have unsatisfactory results. Thus, it should be considered that the new emerging area of cellular therapy by targeting multiple pathways may hold the key for treating celiac affected patients with complicated forms of this disease...
December 2016: Gastroenterology and Hepatology From Bed to Bench
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223922/gut-microbiota-a-potential-regulator-of-neurodevelopment
#7
REVIEW
Paola Tognini
During childhood, our brain is exposed to a variety of environmental inputs that can sculpt synaptic connections and neuronal circuits, with subsequent influence on behavior and learning processes. Critical periods of neurodevelopment are windows of opportunity in which the neuronal circuits are extremely plastic and can be easily subjected to remodeling in response to experience. However, the brain is also more susceptible to aberrant stimuli that might lead to altered developmental trajectories. Intriguingly, postnatal brain development is paralleled by the maturation of the gut microbiota: the ecosystem of symbionts populating our gastro-intestinal tract...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223908/elevated-urinary-glyphosate-and-clostridia-metabolites-with-altered-dopamine-metabolism-in-triplets-with-autistic-spectrum-disorder-or-suspected-seizure-disorder-a-case-study
#8
William Shaw
CONTEXT: Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder for which a number of genetic, environmental, and nutritional causes have been proposed. Glyphosate is used widely as a crop desiccant and as an herbicide in fields of genetically modified foods that are glyphosate resistant. Several researchers have proposed that it may be a cause of autism, based on epidemiological data that correlates increased usage of glyphosate with an increased autism rate. OBJECTIVE: The current study was intended to determine if excessive glyphosate was present in the triplets and their parents and to evaluate biochemical findings for the family to determine the potential effects of its presence...
February 2017: Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222862/commercially-important-species-associated-with-horse-mussel-modiolus-modiolus-biogenic-reefs-a-priority-habitat-for-nature-conservation-and-fisheries-benefits
#9
Flora E A Kent, James M Mair, Jason Newton, Charles Lindenbaum, Joanne S Porter, William G Sanderson
Horse mussel reefs (Modiolus modiolus) are biodiversity hotspots afforded protection by Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in the NE Atlantic. In this study, horse mussel reefs, cobble habitats and sandy habitats were assessed using underwater visual census and drop-down video techniques in three UK regions. Megafauna were enumerated, differences in community composition and individual species abundances were analysed. Samples of conspicuous megafauna were also collected from horse mussel reefs in Orkney for stable isotope analysis...
February 17, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222388/microbial-profile-of-dental-plaque-associated-to-white-spot-lesions-in-orthodontic-patients-immediately-after-the-bracket-removal
#10
Moniek W Beerens, Jacob M Ten Cate, Monique H van der Veen
OBJECTIVE: Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE) is suggested to predict caries risk in young children. Such a tool would be valuable in orthodontic patients undergoing treatment with fixed appliances. In this cross-sectional study the applicability of DGGE and conventional microbiology for caries risk assessment in orthodontic patients were assessed. DESIGN: Dental plaque was obtained from orthodontic patients immediately prior to bracket removal. Presence of white spot lesions (WSL) was assessed immediately post debracketing...
February 9, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221924/reductions-in-natural-microbial-flora-nonpathogenic-escherichia-coli-and-pathogenic-salmonella-on-jalapeno-peppers-processed-in-a-commercial-antimicrobial-cabinet-a-pilot-plant-trial
#11
Jeremy M Adler, Erin D Cain-Helfrich, Cangliang Shen
This experiment aimed to validate the use of antimicrobial solutions in a spray cabinet to inactivate natural microbial flora, nonpathogenic Escherichia coli , and Salmonella on jalapeno peppers. Jalapeno peppers, uninoculated or inoculated with a five-strain mixture of rifampin-resistant E. coli (3.9 log CFU/g) or novobiocin- and nalidixic acid-resistant Salmonella (4.2 log CFU/g), were passed through a commercial antimicrobial cabinet containing both a top and bottom bar spraying (1.38 bar and 2 liters/min) water, sodium hypochlorite (50 ppm), sodium hypochlorite with pH adjusted to 6...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221899/improvement-of-karmali-agar-by-supplementation-with-tazobactam-for-detecting-campylobacter-in-raw-poultry
#12
Young-Ji Kim, Chon-Jung Whan, Hong-Seok Kim, Kwang-Yeop Kim, Jin-Hyeok Yim, Seung-Hak Cho, Kun-Ho Seo
In this study, Karmali agar was modified by adding tazobactam (T-Karmali agar) to suppress the growth of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli , which frequently contaminates raw poultry meat. By inoculating 30 Campylobacter spp. strains and 25 ESBL-producing E. coli strains onto Karmali agar and T-Karmali agar containing various concentrations of the antibacterial agent, we determined the optimum concentration of tazobactam to be 4 mg/liter. The Campylobacter spp. isolation rate on T-Karmali agar (13...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220864/a-phylogenetic-perspective-on-biogeographical-divergence-of-the-flora-in-yunnan-southwestern-china
#13
Shuiyin Liu, Hua Zhu, Jie Yang
In recent years, an increasing number of studies incorporated biogeography with phylogenetic analyses to reveal the origin and evolutionary history of specific floras. In this study, we constructed the mega-phylogeny of the floras of three representative regions across Yunnan, southwestern China. We analyzed the phylogenetic structure and beta diversity based on the presence/absence of species (genus or family) data to investigate the phylogenetic patterns of regional floras. We found conspicuous divergence at the genus and species level in the pattern of phylogenetic structures, which most likely related to historical biogeography...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220620/prevalence-of-ampc-and-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-harbouring-enterobacteriaceae-in-faecal-flora-of-a-healthy-domestic-canine-population
#14
D A Mathys, D F Mollenkopf, C A Bremer, J B Daniels, T E Wittum
In order to estimate the prevalence of AmpC- and ESBL β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in the faecal flora of a healthy domestic canine population, faecal samples were obtained from healthy dogs receiving routine parasitology screening at the Ohio State University Veterinary Medical Center, between January 2013 and April 2013. Samples were screened for the presence of AmpC and ESBL β-lactamase phenotypes, and the clinically important genotypes, blaCMY and blaCTX-M , were confirmed via conventional PCR...
February 20, 2017: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220309/transseptal-suturing-technique-in-septoplasty-impact-on-bacteremia-and-nosocomial-colonization
#15
Onur Ismi, Cengiz Ozcan, Yusuf Vayısoğlu, Candan Öztürk, Sebahat Aslan Tek, Kemal Görür
Although effects of Merocel(®) nasal packs and silicone splints on nasal flora alterations and bacteremia formation after septoplasty were assessed before, the effect of transseptal suturing technique has not been studied yet. The objective of this study is to compare nasal flora alterations and bacteremia occurrence rates between Merocel packs, silicone splints, and transseptal suturing technique in septoplasty. Ninety patients were divided into three groups randomly: Merocel packing (Group M), silicone splint (Group S), and transseptal suturing without packing (Group T)...
February 20, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219351/positive-bacterial-culture-in-conjunctival-sac-before-cataract-surgery-with-night-stay-is-related-to-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Tetsuhiro Kawata, Toshihiko Matsuo
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to elucidate background clinical factors in patients with positive bacterial culture for the conjunctival sac before cataract surgery in Japan. METHODS: Retrospective review was made on medical records of 576 consecutive patients who underwent conjunctival sac culture before cataract surgery with night stay at a hospital in 2 years from January 2013 to December 2014. In the patients with sequential bilateral surgeries, the data were chosen for bacterial culture in the eye which had earlier surgery...
February 20, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218631/the-non-innoculous-hilar-calcification-recurrent-pneumonia-secondary-to-broncholith-associated-actinomyces
#17
Oluwayemisi Ojemakinde, Adam Wellikoff, Catherine Chaudoir, Guillermo Sangster, Alberto Simoncini, Carlos Previgliano, Disha Adelle Desouza
Dystrophic calcification of hilar lymph nodes is a common response to chronic inflammation related to several etiologies and rarely is associated with any clinical findings. A clinical scenario related to these calcified lymph nodes can thus be delayed by the low clinical suspicion associated with such a presumably innocuous finding. Normal respiratory movements however, can cause erosion into adjacent bronchi leading to a broncholith, complications of which can result in morbidity. We illustrate one of these complications, a partial obstruction with subsequent recurrent infection due to normal oral flora - actinomyces...
January 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217933/cytology-of-the-neovagina-in-transgender-women-and-individuals-with-congenital-or-acquired-absence-of-a-natural-vagina
#18
A Grosse, C Grosse, D Lenggenhager, B Bode, U Camenisch, P Bode
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to describe the cytological findings of bowel and (penile) skin-lined neovaginas in patients with gender dysphoria (GD) and individuals with a congenital or acquired absence of a natural vagina. The secondary objective was to correlate the cytological findings with clinical characteristics such as oestrogen replacement therapy (ERT). METHODS: A retrospective review of an institutional pathology archive over a 15-year-period was performed to identify cytological samples of neovaginal vaults...
February 20, 2017: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217744/effect-of-tcdr-mutation-on-sporulation-in-the-epidemic-clostridium-difficile-strain-r20291
#19
Brintha P Girinathan, Marc Monot, Daniel Boyle, Kathleen N McAllister, Joseph A Sorg, Bruno Dupuy, Revathi Govind
Clostridium difficile is an important nosocomial pathogen and the leading cause of hospital-acquired diarrhea. Antibiotic use is the primary risk factor for the development of C. difficile-associated disease because it disrupts normally protective gut flora and enables C. difficile to colonize the colon. C. difficile damages host tissue by secreting toxins and disseminates by forming spores. The toxin-encoding genes, tcdA and tcdB, are part of a pathogenicity locus, which also includes the tcdR gene that codes for TcdR, an alternate sigma factor that initiates transcription of tcdA and tcdB genes...
January 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216021/prevalence-antibiotic-susceptibility-and-characterization-of-antibiotic-resistant-genes-among-carbapenem-resistant-gram-negative-bacilli-and-yeast-in-intestinal-flora-of-cancer-patients-in-north-lebanon
#20
Rima Christophy, Marwan Osman, Hassan Mallat, Marcel Achkar, Azzam Ziedeh, Walid Moukaddem, Fouad Dabboussi, Monzer Hamze
The emergence and spread of carbapenem-resistant bacteria are a significant clinical and public health concern. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of intestinal carriage of carbapenem-resistant bacteria and yeasts in cancer patients under chemotherapy. 41 stool samples collected from cancer patients in Nini hospital in Tripoli, North Lebanon have been analyzed. After isolating yeasts and carbapenem-resistant bacteria, a biochemical identification and antimicrobial susceptibility profile were determined...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
keyword
keyword
67333
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"