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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773698/protocol-for-the-validation-of-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-the-cow-s-milk-related-symptom-score-comiss-against-open-food-challenge-in-a-single-blinded-prospective-multicentre-trial-in-infants
#1
Yvan Vandenplas, Rajat Mukherjee, Christophe Dupont, Philippe Eigenmann, Arne Høst, Mikael Kuitunen, Carmen Ribes-Koninkx, Neil Shah, Hania Szajewska, Andrea von Berg, Ralf G Heine, Zheng-Yan Zhao
INTRODUCTION: The symptoms of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) in infancy can be non-specific which may delay a correct diagnosis and cause adverse clinical outcomes. The diagnosis of non-IgE-mediated CMPA is particularly complex as it involves a 2 to 4 week elimination diet followed by oral food challenge (OFC). The Cow's Milk-related Symptom Score (CoMiSS) is a clinical resource for primary healthcare providers which aims to increase awareness of CMPA symptoms to facilitate an earlier diagnosis...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764457/video-mediastinoscopy-assisted-fish-bone-extraction-and-superior-medistinal-abscess-debridement
#2
Jun Wang, Wei Bing Wu, Liang Chen, Quan Zhu
BACKGROUND: Mediastinum abscess caused by sharp esophageal foreign body perforation usually needs surgical treatment, and the surgical procedures vary according to size of perforation and scope of abscess, etc. For special case with small esophageal mucosal crevasse and focal abscess confined to mediastinum, minimally invasive surgery with guidance of video-mediastinoscopy would be an alternative method, however, application of video-mediastinoscopy in this life-threatening situation was rarely reported...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762472/weaning-time-in-preterm-infants-an-audit-of-italian-primary-care-paediatricians
#3
Maria Elisabetta Baldassarre, Antonio Di Mauro, Annarita Pedico, Valentina Rizzo, Manuela Capozza, Fabio Meneghin, Gianluca Lista, Nicola Laforgia
INTRODUCTION: According to the 2016 Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat) data in Italy, about 6.7% of all newborns are born prematurely. Due to the lack of data on current complementary feeding in preterm infants in Italy, the aim of the survey was to evaluate individual attitudes of primary care paediatricians, concerning the introduction of complementary foods in preterm infants. METHODS: An internet-based survey was conducted among primary care paediatricians, working in Italy, regarding (1) timing of the introduction of complementary foods to preterm newborns; (2) type of complementary foods introduced; (3) vitamin D and iron supplementations...
May 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762378/history-of-acquired-monosaccharide-intolerance-in-houston-texas
#4
William J Klish
It is appropriate that we begin the clinical part of this conference with a discussion of acquired monosaccharide intolerance. This disease is the most severe form of carbohydrate malabsorption and maldigestion that can afflict an infant. The following article describes the pathophysiology of the disease, as well as its treatment, much of which was based on studies done by the Section of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition at Baylor College of Medicine. Acquired monosaccharide intolerance has almost disappeared from the United States but remains a problem in the developing world where it is included as part of the diagnosis of environmental enteropathy...
June 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690960/is-hepatovenocaval-syndrome-a-different-entity-from-budd-chiari-syndrome-in-children
#5
Nadia Waheed, Huma Arshad Cheema, Hassan Suleman, Iqra Mushtaq, Zafar Fayyaz, Nadeem Anjum
OBJECTIVE: To differentiate between clinical and demographic spectrum, and outcome in hepatovenocaval syndrome (HVCS) and Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, The Children Hospital, Lahore, from January 2014 to January 2017. METHODOLOGY: All children less than 18 years of age, presenting with ascites and visible veins over abdomen, flanks and back were enrolled in the study...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690722/-dynamic-investigation-of-nutritional-risk-in-patients-with-malignant-tumor-during-hospitalization
#6
M W Zhu, J M Wei, W Chen, X Yang, H Y Cui, S N Zhu, P P Zhang, J Xiong, D F Zheng, H J Song, X Y Liang, L Zhang, W Y Xu, H B Wang, G Q Su, L J Feng, T Chen, Y D Wu, H Li, J Q Sun, Y Shi, B D Tong, S M Zhou, X Y Wang, Y H Huang, B M Zhang, J Xu, H Y Zhang, G L Chang, Z Y Jia, S F Chen, J Hu, X W Zhang, H Wang, Z D Li, Y Y Gao, B Gui
Objective: To prospectively investigate the changes in nutritional status of patients with malignant tumors during hospitalization by using nutritional risk screening (NRS2002), and to analyze the correlation between the nutritional status and clinical outcomes . Methods: This was a prospective and parallel research done by multi-center collaboration from 34 hospitals in China from June to September 2014.Hospitalized patients with malignant tumors inthese departments (Department of Gastroenterology, respiratory medicine, oncology, general surgery, thoracic surgery and geriatrics)were investigated...
April 10, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689751/effect-of-standardized-feeding-protocol-on-nutrient-supply-and-postnatal-growth-of-preterm-infants-a-prospective-study
#7
Z Khan, N Morris, H Unterrainer, N Haiden, S J Holasek, B Urlesberger
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a medical emergency and it is becoming evident that adequate nutrition starting in the first hours of life is of major importance for short and even more so for long-term health outcomes of the premature newborn. The aim was to analyze postnatal nutrient supply and growth patterns of preterm infants in response to a standardized feeding protocol during stay at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted at NICU, Children Hospital Graz...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626026/dilated-cardiomyopathy-as-the-first-presentation-of-coeliac-disease-association-or-causation
#8
Peysh Patel, Fraser Smith, Niamh Kilcullen, Nigel Artis
Global ventricular impairment is a frequent presentation in clinical practice, but dissection of causative mechanisms from clinical associations is challenging. We present the case of a 19-year-old man who presented with dilated cardiomyopathy as the first presentation of coeliac disease. The manifestation of iron deficiency anaemia prompted gastroenterology input and enabled accurate diagnosis. It is unclear whether coeliac disease was simply coexistent or directly implicated in pathophysiology. Mechanisms may relate to nutritional deficiencies or autoimmune myocarditis arising from cross-reactivity...
March 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599075/percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-mortality-and-complications
#9
J Carbó Perseguer, A Madejón Seiz, M Romero Portales, J Martínez Hernández, J S Mora Pardina, J García-Samaniego
INTRODUCTION: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease that causes severe dysphagia and weight loss. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is currently the technique of choice for the enteral nutrition of these patients. OBJECTIVES: To analyse mortality and complications in a series of patients diagnosed with ALS who underwent PEG, and to evaluate factors related to patient survival after the procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a prospective, observational study including all patients diagnosed with ALS and treated by our hospital's Gastroenterology Department in the period 1997-2013...
March 26, 2018: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596190/chapter-9-words-from-partner-societies
#10
Barbara Golden, Tom Stiris, Julián Panés, Leyla Namazova-Baranova, André Van Gossum, Heiner Boeing, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Armando Madrazo, James E Heubi, Nezha Mouane, Paul Fockens, Berthold Koletzko
On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN), its close partner associations submitted comments and felicitations which are presented here. These include words from the Latin American (LASPGHAN), North American (NASPGHAN) and Panarabian Societies (PASPGHAN) and the Commonwealth Association (CAPGHAN) of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, the Federation of International Societies of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (FISPGHAN), the European Academy of Pediatrics (EAP), the European Pediatric Association/Union of National Pediatric Societies (EPA-UNEPSA), the International Pediatric Association (IPA), the European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation (ECCO), European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) , the Federation of European Nutrition Societies (FENS), and United European Gastroenterology (UEG)...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596189/chapter-8-50-years-of-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-espghan-captivating-witness-reports-of-a-success-story
#11
Salvatore Auricchio, Samy Cadranel, Stefano Guandalini, Deirdre Kelly, Berthold Koletzko, Michael J Lentze, Alexander S McNeish, Peter J Milla, Jean Rey, Jacques Schmitz, Raanan Shamir, Birgitta Strandvik, Riccardo Troncone, Jarmo Visakorpi
Since the conception of an idea of a few paediatric gastroenterologists in Europe to create a society for Paediatric Gastroenterology in 1967, and its foundation in 1968, half a century has passed. The European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) now celebrates its 50th anniversary and its utmost success in combining clinical and scientific expertise in the fields of paediatric gastroenterology, haepatology, and nutrition. To describe this success story 14 of the still living presidents of ESPGHAN recount their impressions of the steady growth of ESPGHAN with all the historical facets from their own points of view...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596182/chapter-6-1-pediatric-chronic-hepatitis-b-and-c-30-years-of-espghan-clinical-research-and-recommendations
#12
Etienne M Sokal, Pilar Nannini
The expression of hepatitis B and C virus infections in children differs from that in adults and requires specific paediatric expertise. The European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) has been a pioneer in this field, having stressed the need for straightforward recommendations since the mid-1980s. Following much observation, surveillance, and research, a panel of ESPGHAN experts was able to develop such recommendations on hepatitis B infection in children in 2009, which was then followed in June 2013 by proper guidelines...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596173/chapter-5-2-3-parenteral-nutrition-and-home-parenteral-nutrition-changed-the-face-of-paediatric-gastroenterology
#13
Antonella Diamanti, John Puntis, Sanja Kolacek, Susan Hill, Olivier Goulet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596164/chapter-4-the-relationship-between-the-european-and-north-american-societies-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#14
Carlos H Lifschitz, Jon Vanderhoof, Harland Winter, Stefano Guandalini, William Klish, Richard Grand, Allan Walker, Jay Perman
This chapter is based on the memories of those who shaped the relationship between the European and the North American Societies for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. The first joint meeting of the 2 Societies took place in Paris in 1978, followed by 1 in New York in 1985, 1 in Amsterdam in 1990, 1 in Houston in 1994, and the last one in Toulouse in 1998. The formation of the Federation of the International Societies for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (FISPGHAN) preceded the First World Congress of all Societies, which took place in Boston in 2000...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596163/chapter-3-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-in-recent-years
#15
Berthold Koletzko, Raanan Shamir, Ilse Broekaert, Riccardo Troncone
The European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition has experienced an amazing development in the 50 years of its existence. It grew from a small group of 36 friends who held an informal meeting with some 20 oral presentations to share and discuss their clinical and research work, to a large, multiprofessional society that sets widely recognized standards for clinical care and policy and hosts the world's largest congress of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition with more than 4500 delegates from 100 countries...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596162/chapter-2-espghan-50-years-memories-the-early-years
#16
Michael J Lentze, Salvatore Auricchio, Samy Cadranel, Peter J Milla, Deirdre Kelly, Alexander S McNeish, Jean Rey, Jacques Schmitz, Birgitta Strandvik, Jan Taminiau, Jarmo Visakorpi
Thirty-six founding members from Europe were present in 1968, when the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology (ESGA) had its first meeting in Paris. The aim was to create a forum for presentations and discussions of research activities in paediatric gastroenterology in Europe. At the second meeting of ESGA 1969 in Interlaken, an important landmark was set for all gastroenterologists in the world. In this conference, the first ever criteria for "the Diagnosis of Coeliac Disease" (CD) were established...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596161/chapter-1-the-historical-roots-of-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#17
Lawrence T Weaver
The last 50 years have seen the establishment of paediatric gastroenterology, hepatology, and nutrition (PGHAN) as a well-recognised and thriving clinical specialty throughout most of Europe, and further afield. This has happened, in part, through the existence of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) as a forum for those interested in this branch of children's medicine. To illustrate the pan-European roots of PGHAN, some key scientific and medical events, discoveries, and inventions relevant to 3 common clinical problems-diarrhoea, jaundice, and infant-feeding-have been chosen to survey the historical development of the ways in which each was understood and treated within the changing thinking and practice of past times...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588985/ketogenic-parenteral-nutrition-in-17-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy
#18
Anastasia Dressler, Nadja Haiden, Petra Trimmel-Schwahofer, Franz Benninger, Sharon Samueli, Gudrun Gröppel, Sina Spatzierer, Angelika Mühlebner, Klaus Abraham, Martha Feucht
Objective: Ketogenic parenteral nutrition (kPN) is indicated when enteral intake is temporarily limited or impossible, but evidence-based prescriptions are lacking. Objective was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of kPN in children with epileptic encephalopathies using a new computer-based algorithm for accurate component calculating. Methods: Children with epilepsy receiving kPN were included. A computer-based algorithm was established on the basis of guidelines of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN): fat intake not exceeding 4 g/kg/day, age-adequate supply of protein, electrolytes, vitamins, and trace elements, but reduced carbohydrates...
March 2018: Epilepsia open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571608/physicochemical-stable-standard-all-in-one-parenteral-nutrition-admixtures-for-infants-and-children-in-accordance-with-the-espghan-espen-guidelines
#19
Joeri De Cloet, Stephanie Van Biervliet, Myriam Van Winckel
OBJECTIVE: Because there are almost no standard all-in-one parenteral nutrition admixtures available for infants and children, the aim was to develop standard two-compartment parenteral nutrition bags for different weight categories based on the ESPGHAN/ESPEN (European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition/European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism) guidelines. The 1 g/kg/d lipid version for the 3 to 10 kg weight category (PED1) was assessed for short- and long-term physicochemical stability with the ability to add additional electrolytes (PED1+E)...
May 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570554/paediatric-intestinal-pseudo-obstruction-evidence-and-consensus-based-recommendations-from-an-espghan-led-expert-group
#20
Nikhil Thapar, Efstratios Saliakellis, Marc A Benninga, Osvaldo Borrelli, Joe Curry, Christophe Faure, Roberto De Giorgio, Girish Gupte, Charles H Knowles, Annamaria Staiano, Yvan Vandenplas, Carlo Di Lorenzo
OBJECTIVES: Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstructive (CIPO) conditions are considered the most severe disorders of gut motility. They continue to present significant challenges in clinical care despite considerable recent progress in our understanding of pathophysiology, resulting in unacceptable levels of morbidity and mortality. Major contributors to the disappointing lack of progress in paediatric CIPO include a dearth of clarity and uniformity across all aspects of clinical care from definition and diagnosis to management...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
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