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gastroenterology and nutrition

Robert Battat, Marc Jhonson, Lorne Wiseblatt, Cruff Renard, Laura Habib, Manouchka Normil, Brian Remillard, Timothy F Brewer, Galit Sacajiu
BACKGROUND: Recent calls for reform in healthcare training emphasize using competency-based curricula and information technology-empowered learning. Continuing Medical Education programs are essential in maintaining physician accreditation. Haitian physicians have expressed a lack access to these activities. The Haiti Medical Education Project works in alliance with Haitian medical leadership, faculty and students to support the Country's medical education system. We present the creation, delivery and evaluation of a competency-based continuing medical education curriculum for physicians in rural Haiti...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Education
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
L Rodriguez, M Sood, C Di Lorenzo, M Saps
BACKGROUND: Over the last few years, the study of the colon and anorectal function has experienced great technical advances that have facilitated the performance of the tests and have allowed a more detailed characterization of reflexes and motor patterns. As a result, we have achieved a much better understanding of the pathophysiology of children with defecation problems. Anorectal and colonic manometry are now commonly used in all major pediatric referral centers as diagnostic tools and to guide the management of children with intractable constipation and fecal incontinence, particularly when a surgical intervention is being considered...
October 9, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Ludmilla S Camargo, Jonas Ac Silveira, José Aac Taddei, Ulysses Fagundes
Background: Allergic proctocolitis is a disease that affects infants in the first months. The change in feed is the primary factor for clinical improvement and maintenance of the nutritional status of the infant. Objective: Study the anthropometric evolution of infants with allergic proctocolitis at diagnosis and 1 to 6 months after nutritional intervention. Methods: A retrospective cohort of infants with allergic proctocolitis diagnosis followed at the Pediatric Gastroenterology Institute of São Paulo (IGASTROPED), Brazil...
October 2016: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Zeyu Lv, Yuting Wang, Ting Yang, Xue Zhan, Zhongyue Li, Huajian Hu, Tingyu Li, Jie Chen
To investigate whether gut microbiota is associated with vitamin A nutritional levels in children with persistent diarrhea, a total of 59 pediatric patients with persistent diarrhea aged 1-12 months were selected from the Department of Gastroenterology at the Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, China. Subjects were hospitalized and divided into VA-deficient (n = 30) and VA-normal (n = 29) groups according to their venous serum retinol levels. Fecal samples from all 59 subjects were collected immediately after admission and analyzed by Illumina MiSeq for 16S rRNA genes to characterize the overall microbiota of the samples...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Hojka G Kumperscak, Ziva K Rebec, Sanja Sobocan, Valerija T Fras, Jernej Dolinsek
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to examine the prevalence of celiac disease (CD) in children and adolescents with ADHD. METHOD: In all, 102 participants between 4 and 18 years of age diagnosed with ADHD participated in the study (M = 12.8 years; 84 boys and 18 girls). CD was diagnosed according to the adapted guidelines of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPHGAN). RESULTS: Among 102 tested children and teenagers with ADHD, we did not find anyone with suspected CD, so further diagnostic procedures for CD were not indicated...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
Joel A Friedlander, Quin Y Liu, Benjamin Sahn, Koorosh Kooros, Catharine M Walsh, Robert E Kramer, Jenifer R Lightdale, Julie Khlevner, Mark McOmber, Jacob Kurowski, Matthew J Giefer, Harpreet Pall, David M Troendle, Elizabeth C Utterson, Herbert Brill, George M Zacur, Richard A Lirio, Diana G Lerner, Carrie Reynolds, Troy E Gibbons, Michael Wilsey, Chris A Liacouras, Douglas S Fishman
Wireless capsule endoscopy (CE) was introduced in 2000 as a less invasive method to visualize the distal small bowel in adults. As this technology has advanced it has been adapted for use in pediatric gastroenterology. Several studies have described its clinical use, utility, and various training methods but pediatric literature regarding capsule endoscopy is limited. This clinical report developed by the Endoscopic and Procedures Committee of the North American Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition outlines the current literature, and describes the recommended current role, use, training, and future areas of research for CE in pediatrics...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Mike Thomson, Andrea Tringali, Rosario Landi, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Marta Tavares, Jorge Amil-Dias, Marc Benninga, Merit M Tabbers, Raoul Furlano, Manon Spaander, Cesare Hassan, Christos Tzvinikos, Hanneke Ijsselstijn, Jérôme Viala, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Rok Orel, Yvan Vandenplas, Radan Keil, Štěpán Hlava, Claudio Romano, Eva Brownstone, Patrick Gerner, Werner Dolak, Wolf Dietrich Huber, Simon Everett, Andreas Vecsei, Lars Aabakken, Alessandro Zambelli
This Guideline refers to infants, children and adolescents aged 0-18 years. The areas covered include: indications for diagnostic and therapeutic esophagogastroduodenoscopy and ileo-colonoscopy; endoscopy for foreign body ingestion; corrosive ingestion and stricture/stenosis endoscopic management; upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding; endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography and endoscopic ultrasonography. Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and endoscopy specific to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been dealt with in other Guidelines [1-3] and are therefore not mentioned in this Guideline...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Andrea Tringali, Mike Thomson, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Marta Tavares, Merit M Tabbers, Raoul Furlano, Manon Spaander, Cesare Hassan, Christos Tzvinikos, Hanneke Ijsselstijn, Jérôme Viala, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Marc Benninga, Rok Orel, Yvan Vandenplas, Radan Keil, Claudio Romano, Eva Brownstone, Štěpán Hlava, Patrick Gerner, Werner Dolak, Rosario Landi, Wolf Dietrich Huber, Simon Everett, Andreas Vecsei, Lars Aabakken, Jorge Amil-Dias, Alessandro Zambelli
This Executive summary of the Guideline on pediatric gastrointestinal endoscopy from the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) and the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) refers to infants, children, and adolescents aged 0 - 18 years. The areas covered include: indications for diagnostic and therapeutic esophagogastroduodenoscopy and ileocolonoscopy; endoscopy for foreign body ingestion; endoscopic management of corrosive ingestion and stricture/stenosis; upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding; endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, and endoscopic ultrasonography...
September 12, 2016: Endoscopy
M W Mazumder, A B Karim, M Rukunuzzaman, M A Rahman
Acute liver failure (ALF) is a rapidly progressive, potentially fatal syndrome resulting from rapid death or injury to a large proportion of hepatocytes, caused by a variety of insult, leaving insufficient hepatic paranchymal mass to sustain liver function. The aetiology of ALF varies according to the age of patient and development of the country. The outcome of ALF also varies according to aetiology: survival is better in paracetamol poisoning whereas it is poor in metabolic diseases. The present study was undertaken to observe the underlying aetiology and outcome of ALF in children under 18 years of age admitted at the department of Paediatric Gastroenterology & Nutrition, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Morris Gordon, Sahira Isaji, Fiona Tyacke
AIM: To ascertain United Kingdom adherence to European society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition guidance (ESPGHAN). METHODS: A national cross sectional questionnaire study of neonatal units across England was completed between January and March 2014. All 174 units in the country were attempted to be contacted to complete a telephone survey. This included all level 1, 2 and 3 units. They were initially contacted by phone and asking any senior member of the team about their current practice and procedures...
August 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
Karin M Vissers, Edith J M Feskens, Johannes B van Goudoever, Arieke J Janse
BACKGROUND: In term infants, there is evidence that early complementary feeding is a risk factor for childhood obesity. Therefore, timely introduction of complementary feeding during infancy is necessary. The World Health Organization (WHO) and European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) both developed recommendations for the start of complementary feeding for term-born infants. However, these guidelines cannot be directly translated to preterm infants...
2016: Systematic Reviews
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Virginia Mirra, Sergio Bernasconi
This review focuses key advances in different pediatric fields that were published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2015. Weaning studies continue to show promise for preventing food allergy. New diagnostic tools are available for identifying the allergic origin of allergic-like symptoms. Advances have been reported in obesity, short stature and autoimmune endocrine disorders. New molecules are offered to reduce weight gain and insulin-resistance in obese children. Regional investigations may provide suggestions for preventing short stature...
August 27, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
John Snyder, J Decker Butzner, Amy R DeFelice, Alessio Fasano, Stefano Guandalini, Edwin Liu, Kimberly P Newton
Although the need for effective long-term follow-up for patients with celiac disease (CD) has been recognized by many expert groups, published practice guidelines have not provided a clear approach for the optimal management of these patients. In an attempt to provide a thoughtful and practical approach for managing these patients, a group of experts in pediatric CD performed a critical review of the available literature in 6 categories associated with CD to develop a set of best practices by using evidence-based data and expert opinion...
September 2016: Pediatrics
Massimiliano Rizzi, Silvia Mazzuoli, Nunzia Regano, Rosa Inguaggiato, Margherita Bianco, Gioacchino Leandro, Elisabetta Bugianesi, Donatella Noè, Nicoletta Orzes, Paolo Pallini, Maria Letizia Petroni, Gianni Testino, Francesco William Guglielmi
AIM: To investigate the prevalence of undernutrition, risk of malnutrition and obesity in the Italian gastroenterological population. METHODS: The Italian Hospital Gastroenterology Association conducted an observational, cross-sectional multicenter study. Weight, weight loss, and body mass index were evaluated. Undernutrition was defined as unintentional weight loss > 10% in the last three-six months. Values of Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) > 2, NRS-2002 > 3, and Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) from 17 to 25 identified risk of malnutrition in outpatients, inpatients and elderly patients, respectively...
July 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Rebecca Riddell, Anthony Lewis, David Tuthill
AIM: To produce a leaflet for parents and carers of children receiving parenteral nutrition (PN) explaining:▸ What PN is▸ Why it is given▸ How it will be given▸ Risks & Complications▸ Other useful information▸ Nutrition team contact informationCurrent practice is for the nutrition team pharmacist to give a verbal account of the above information to parents/carers. It was felt that providing this information in a written format would introduce consisitency and allow parents/carers more time to take information on board...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Francois-Pierre Martin, Jessica Ezri, Ornella Cominetti, Laeticia Da Silva, Martin Kussmann, Jean-Philippe Godin, Andreas Nydegger
BACKGROUND: Growth failure and delayed puberty are well known features of children and adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), in addition to the chronic course of the disease. Urinary metabonomics was applied in order to better understand metabolic changes between healthy and IBD children. METHODS: 21 Pediatric patients with IBD (mean age 14.8 years, 8 males) were enrolled from the Pediatric Gastroenterology Outpatient Clinic over two years. Clinical and biological data were collected at baseline, 6, and 12 months...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Waleed M Sweileh, Naser Y Shraim, Samah W Al-Jabi, Ansam F Sawalha, Belal Rahhal, Rasha A Khayyat, Sa'ed H Zyoud
BACKGROUND: A wide variety of probiotic products has been introduced into the market in the past decade. Research trends and activity on probiotics help understand how these products were evolved and their potential future role in medicine. The objective of this study was to assess the research activity on probiotics in pediatrics using bibliometric indicators and network visualization. METHODS: Original and review articles on probiotics in pediatrics published worldwide were retrieved from SciVerse, Scopus (1994-2014) and analyzed...
2016: World Allergy Organization Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Marcela Montenegro Braga Barroso, Luiza Martins Salvador, Ulysses Fagundes Neto
OBJECTIVE: To describe the case of two siblings with severe protein-calorie malnutrition due to abuse by starvation. CASES DESCRIPTION: The two patients were simultaneously referred from the Municipal Hospital, where they were admitted to the Pediatric Gastroenterology clinic of a university hospital for diagnostic investigation of the cause of severe malnutrition and screening tests for Celiac Disease, Cystic Fibrosis and Environmental enteropathy among others...
June 21, 2016: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
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