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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814315/incidental-detection-of-two-adult-gravid-filarial-worms-in-breast-a-case-report
#1
Santosh Tummidi, Kanchan Kothari, Roshni Patil, Shruti S Singhal, Pooja Keshan
BACKGROUND: Microfilaria is a major public health problem in tropical and subtropical countries and is an endemic problem in India. Wuchereria bancrofti is the commonest filarial infection. In some lesions, microfilariae and adult filarial worm have been incidentally detected in fine-needle aspirates. CASE PRESENTATION: A 35 year old hindu female presented with lump in upper outer quadrant of left breast. Fine needle aspiration revealed two adult gravid female filarial worms...
August 16, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805605/relationship-between-alcohol-consumption-and-age-at-menopause-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#2
Jeong In Choi, Kyung-do Han, Dae Woo Lee, Min Jeong Kim, Yeon Joo Shin, Hae Nam Lee
OBJECTIVE: We used data from the 2011-2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES) to investigate whether the age at menopause is related to alcohol consumption in South Korean women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of the data for 940 women who became menopausal within the 3 years preceding the KNHANES. RESULTS: The numbers of nondrinkers, mild to moderate drinkers, and heavy drinkers in this group were 345 (34...
August 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800576/heterotopic-pregnancy-including-intrauterine-normal-gestation-and-tubal-complete-hydatidiform-mole-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Dan Lu, Jian Jenny Tang, Konstantin Zakashansky, Ross S Berkowitz, Tamara Kalir, Yuxin Liu
We report a rare case of heterotopic pregnancy with intrauterine normal gestation alongside tubal complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) that resulted in a viable pregnancy after removal of molar tissue. Because of their rarity and inherent complexity, such cases represent a significant challenge in diagnosis and management. A 34-year-old female in her 10th week of gestation presented with nausea, vomiting, and intermittent abdominal pain that progressively worsened. Imaging studies revealed a normal intrauterine fetus and an 11-cm heterogenous mass in the left adnexal region...
September 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797703/preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-of-x-linked-charcot-marie-tooth-disease-by-indirect-linkage-analysis
#4
Irena Borgulová, Martina Putzová, Inna Soldatova, David Stejskal
OBJECTIVE: To present methodical approach of preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) as an option for an unaffected pregnancy in reproductive-age couples who have a genetic risk of the X-linked dominant peripheral neuropathy Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1 disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed PGD of X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1 disease using haplotyping/indirect linkage analysis, when during analysis we reach to exclude embryos that carry a high-risk haplotype linked to the causal mutation p...
August 7, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795968/differential-roles-of-the-right-and-left-toe-perfusion-index-in-predicting-the-incidence-of-postspinal-hypotension-during-cesarean-delivery
#5
Zifeng Xu, Tao Xu, Puwen Zhao, Rui Ma, Mazhong Zhang, Jijian Zheng
BACKGROUND: Aortocaval compression by the gravid uterus, low baseline vasomotor tone, and spinal anesthesia-related sympathetic blockade contribute to spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension during cesarean delivery. The finger perfusion index (PI) can predict spinal hypotension by reflecting baseline vasomotor tone, but cannot directly reflect aortocaval compression by the gravid uterus. This study aimed to examine whether baseline toe PIs predict the incidence of maternal hypotension and reflect aortocaval compression by the gravid uterus during cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia...
August 8, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791268/relationship-between-age-at-last-delivery-and-age-at-menopause-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#6
Yeun Joo Shin, Ji Yong Song, Min Jeong Kim, Jeong In Choi, Kyung-Do Han, Hae Nam Lee
OBJECTIVE: We used data from the 2010 to 2012 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys to investigate whether the age at menopause is related to age at last delivery. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of the data for 714 women who became menopausal within the 3 years preceding the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. RESULTS: Smoking, exercise, drink, educational level, and income were adjusted in model 1, and the mean ages at menopause were 50...
July 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780660/update-on-valvular-heart-disease-in-pregnancy
#7
REVIEW
Lucy M Safi, Sarah V Tsiaras
Valvular heart disease in women of childbearing age poses an increased risk of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes, and management in pregnancy can be challenging. Ideally, patients with suspected valvular disease should have preconception counseling by a multidisciplinary team including cardiologists with expertise in pregnancy and a maternal-fetal medicine specialist. Preconception planning should include a cardiac assessment of maternal risk, determination of frequency of surveillance, and a cardiovascular management plan during delivery...
September 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774217/planned-cesarean-hysterectomy-versus-modified-form-of-segmental-resection-in-patients-with-placenta-percreta
#8
Cetin Kilicci, Enis Ozkaya, Ahmet Eser, Evrim Ergen Bostanci, Ilhan Sanverdi, Cigdem Abide Yayla, Elif Tozkir, Semra Kayatas Eser
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare some clinical characteristics of two different management alternatives in pregnants with placental invasion anomalies. METHODS: We conducted a single-center retrospective study of all patients who delivered with invasive placentation between January 2016 and May 2017. We included only the patients with placental invasion anomaly and planned cesarean section. RESULTS: Fifty-one pregnants met the inclusion criteria...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748383/is-ambient-heat-exposure-levels-associated-with-miscarriage-or-stillbirths-in-hot-regions-a-cross-sectional-study-using-survey-data-from-the-ghana-maternal-health-survey-2007
#9
Benedict Asamoah, Tord Kjellstrom, Per-Olof Östergren
It is well established that high ambient heat could cause congenital abnormalities resulting in miscarriage or stillbirth among certain species of mammals. However, this has not been systematically studied in real field settings among humans, despite the potential value of such knowledge for estimating the impact of global warming on the human species. This study sought to test the hypothesis that maternal heat exposure during pregnancy in hot regions is associated with increased prevalence of spontaneous abortions or stillbirths and to develop an analytical strategy to use existing data from maternal health surveys and existing data on historical heat levels at a geographic grid cell level...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747163/incident-hiv-during-pregnancy-and-early-postpartum-period-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-a-rural-area-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#10
Terusha Chetty, Alain Vandormael, Claire Thorne, Anna Coutsoudis
BACKGROUND: The evidence on the effect of pregnancy on acquiring HIV is conflicting, with studies reporting both higher and lower HIV acquisition risk during pregnancy when prolonged antiretroviral therapy was accessible. The aim of this study was to assess the pregnancy effect on HIV acquisition where antiretroviral therapy was widely available in a high HIV prevalence setting. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study nested within a population-based surveillance to determine HIV incidence in HIV-uninfected women from 15 to 49 years from 2010 through 2015 in rural KwaZulu-Natal...
July 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740155/trajectory-of-blood-pressure-change-during-pregnancy-and-the-role-of-pre-gravid-blood-pressure-a-functional-data-analysis-approach
#11
Minxue Shen, Hongzhuan Tan, Shujin Zhou, Graeme N Smith, Mark C Walker, Shi Wu Wen
The study aims to examine the blood pressure (BP) trajectory during pregnancy and its association with pre-gravid BP level. In a pre-conception cohort study, newly-married women in Liuyang, China underwent pre-gravid measurements and were followed throughout the pregnancy. BP was measured at pre-conception and again throughout pregnancy. The functional principal component analysis was used to examine the trajectory of BP changes during pregnancy. A total of 1282 women with a singleton pregnancy who had both pre-conception and gestational BP measurements performed were included in the final analysis...
July 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738745/is-ultrasound-guided-suction-curettage-a-reliable-option-for-treatment-of-cesarean-scar-pregnancy-a-cross-sectional-retrospective-study
#12
Hüseyin Çağlayan Özcan, Mete Gurol Uğur, Özcan Balat, Seyhun Sucu, Aynur Mustafa, Neslihan Bayramoğlu Tepe, Berna Kaya Uğur
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study is to present clinical courses and outcomes of 50 first-trimester cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) cases, which are managed either with transabdominal ultrasound (TAUS)-guided suction curettage alone or abdominal hysterotomy. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed our records from 2011 to 2016 at a single-center. TAUS-guided suction curettage alone was preferred in hemodynamically stable patients when the myometrial thickness was ≥ 3 mm and there was no vascular invasion...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733891/consequences-of-bisphenol-a-perinatal-exposure-on-immune-responses-and-gut-barrier-function-in-mice
#13
Yann Malaisé, Sandrine Ménard, Christel Cartier, Corinne Lencina, Caroline Sommer, Eric Gaultier, Eric Houdeau, Laurence Guzylack-Piriou
The potent immunomodulatory effect of the endocrine disruptor bisphenol A during development and consequences during life span are of increasing concern. Particular interests have been raised from animal studies regarding the risk of developing food intolerance and infection. We aimed to identify immune disorders in mice triggered by perinatal exposure to bisphenol A. Gravid mice were orally exposed to bisphenol (50 μg/kg body weight/day) from day 15 of pregnancy until weaning. Gut barrier function, local and systemic immunity were assessed in adult female offspring...
July 21, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726308/the-collateral-venous-system-in-late-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Aimee Humphries, Peter Stone, S Ali Mirjalili
INTRODUCTION: Recent literature has reported an association between maternal supine sleep position and stillbirth during late pregnancy. In this position the gravid uterus almost completely obstructs the inferior vena cava. A small number of women experience supine hypotension, thought to be due in part to inadequate collateral venous circulation. The aim of this paper is to review the literature describing the anatomy of the collateral venous system and in particular the azygos system, the abdominal portion of which has not been well studied...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719957/four-human-cases-of-diphyllobothrium-nihonkaiense-eucestoda-diphyllobothriidae-in-china-with-a-brief-review-of-chinese-cases
#15
Yu-Chun Cai, Shao-Hong Chen, Hiroshi Yamasaki, Jia-Xu Chen, Yan Lu, Yong-Nian Zhang, Hao Li, Lin Ai, Hai-Ning Chen
We described 4 human infection cases of zoonotic fish-tapeworm, Diphyllobothrium nihonkaiense, identified with morphological and molecular characters and briefly reviewed Chinese cases in consideration of it as an emerging parasitic disease in China. The scolex and mature and gravid proglottids of some cases were seen, a rosette-shaped uterus was observed in the middle of the mature and gravid proglottids, and the diphyllobothriid eggs were yellowish-brown in color and displayed a small knob or abopercular protuberance on the opposite end of a lid-like opening...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711003/environmentally-relevant-concentrations-of-herbicides-impact-non-target-species-at-multiple-sublethal-endpoints
#16
Simone Hasenbein, Jade Peralta, Sharon P Lawler, Richard E Connon
There is concern over herbicide exposure effects on aquatic primary production and zooplankton as herbicides are found in aquatic ecosystems at concentrations potentially toxic to phytoplankton. We first aimed to determine the effect concentrations (growth inhibition) and mixture interactions of the herbicides diuron (0.5 to 50μg/L) and hexazinone (0.5 to 40μg/L) on the green algae Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata. Secondly, we evaluated chronic effects on Daphnia magna that were periodically fed on P. subcapitata that had been exposed to low, medium, and high concentrations...
July 12, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701499/breastfeeding-ovulatory-years-and-risk-of-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Annette Langer-Gould, Jessica B Smith, Kerstin Hellwig, Edlin Gonzales, Samantha Haraszti, Corinna Koebnick, Anny Xiang
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether women who breastfeed their infants longer or have fewer ovulatory years are at lower risk of developing multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We recruited women with newly diagnosed MS or its precursor, clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) (n = 397), and matched controls (n = 433) into the MS Sunshine Study from the membership of Kaiser Permanente Southern California. A structured in-person questionnaire was administered to collect the behavioral (pregnancies, breastfeeding, hormonal contraceptive use) and biological (age at menarche and menopause, amenorrhea) factors to make up ovulatory years...
August 8, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693965/maternal-pre-gravid-cardiometabolic-health-and-infant-birthweight-a-prospective-pre-conception-cohort-study
#18
R Retnakaran, S W Wen, H Tan, S Zhou, C Ye, M Shen, G N Smith, M C Walker
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Both low birthweight and high birthweight have been associated with the development of cardiometabolic disease in adulthood, possibly reflecting the effect of intrauterine fetal programming. As developmental programming can begin before conception, pre-gravid factors that predict birthweight may be relevant in this context. However, little is known about such factors. Thus, we established a pre-conception cohort to identify maternal pre-gravid cardiometabolic determinants of infant birthweight...
May 23, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690826/demographics-reproduction-growth-and-abundance-of-jollyville-plateau-salamanders-eurycea-tonkawae
#19
Nathan F Bendik
Insights into the ecology and natural history of the neotenic salamander, Eurycea tonkawae, are provided from eight years of capture-recapture data from 10,041 captures of 7,315 individuals at 16 sites. Eurycea tonkawae exhibits seasonal reproduction, with peak gravidity occurring in the fall and winter. Size frequency data indicated recruitment occurred in the spring and summer. Open-population capture-recapture models revealed a similar seasonal pattern at two of three sites, while recruitment was dependent on flow at the third site...
July 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687179/pressure-dynamics-in-the-non-gravid-uterus-intrauterine-pressure-cannot-confirm-tubal-occlusion-after-non-surgical-permanent-contraception
#20
Eva Patil, Amy Thurmond, Alison Edelman, Rongwei Fu, William Lambert, Jacqueline Seguin, Jeffrey T Jensen
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine if intrauterine pressure can distinguish bilateral tubal occlusion (BTO) from unilateral or bilateral tubal patency (TP) in women following a permanent contraception procedure. STUDY DESIGN: We used a small inline pressure sensor to continuously monitor intrauterine pressure during hysterosalpingogram (HSG) in a cross-sectional study that enrolled women having HSGs for any indication. The primary outcome was the peak intrauterine pressure compared between women with BTO and TP as verified by HSG...
July 4, 2017: Contraception
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