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Shalkar Adambekov, Sharon L Goughnour, Suketu Mansuria, Nicole Donnellan, Esther Elishaev, Hugo J Villanueva, Robert P Edwards, Dana H Bovbjerg, Faina Linkov
OBJECTIVE: To explore risk factors associated with sampling failure in women who underwent Pipelle biopsy. METHODS: A consecutive sample of 201 patient records was selected from women who underwent Pipelle biopsy procedures for suspected uterine pathology in a large healthcare system over a 6-month period (January 2013 through June 2013). Personal and medical data including age, BMI, gravidity and parity, and previous history of Pipelle biopsy were abstracted from medical records for each patient...
November 29, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
V Valette, S Durand, N Bech, F Grandjean, S Beltran-Bech
Female multiple mating has been extensively studied to understand how nonobvious benefits, generally thought to be of genetic nature, could overcome heavy costs such as an increased risk of infection during mating. However, the impact of infection itself on multiple mating has rarely been addressed. The interaction between the bacterium Wolbachia and its terrestrial crustacean host, Armadillidium vulgare, is a relevant model to investigate this question. In this association, Wolbachia is able to turn genetic males into functional females (i...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Betelehem Wondwosen, Göran Birgersson, Emiru Seyoum, Habte Tekie, Baldwyn Torto, Ulrike Fillinger, Sharon R Hill, Rickard Ignell
Mosquito oviposition site selection is essential for vector population dynamics and malaria epidemiology. Irrigated rice cultivations provide ideal larval habitats for malaria mosquitoes, which has resulted in increased prevalence of the malaria vector, Anopheles arabiensis, in sub-Saharan Africa. The nature and origin of the cues regulating this behaviour are only now being elucidated. We show that gravid Anopheles arabiensis are attracted and oviposit in response to the odour present in the air surrounding rice...
November 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
Hugues Gentillon, Ludomir Stefańczyk, Michał Strzelecki, Maria Respondek-Liberska
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance data were collected from a diverse population of gravid women to objectively compare the quality of 1.5-tesla (1.5 T) versus 3-T magnetic resonance imaging of the developing human brain. MaZda and B11 computational-visual cognition tools were used to process 2D images. We proposed a wavelet-based parameter and two novel histogram-based parameters for Fisher texture analysis in three-dimensional space. RESULTS: Wavenhl, focus index, and dispersion index revealed better quality for 3 T...
November 25, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Vijesh Kumar Saini, Snehil Gupta, Arjun Kasondra, R L Rakesh, A Latchumikanthan
The present study is related to Dipylidium caninum infection in dogs. Three dogs about 1 year of age with the history of scooting behaviour and passing diarrhoeic stool containing white specks were presented before the clinicians. Physical examination of dogs revealed flea infestation and faecal examination revealed the presence of gravid segments, which were confirmed microscopically to be of cestode, D. caninum. Dogs were treated with Praziquantel@5 mg/kg body wt. orally. Dogs showed marked recovery post treatment...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
B R Mordhorst, C A Zimprich, L E Camacho, M L Bauer, K A Vonnahme
Positive effects have been observed in offspring from beef cows supplemented with corn dried distillers grain with solubles (DDGS) during late gestation. The hypothesis of this study was that late gestational DDGS supplementation to beef cows would increase blood flow (BF) to the gravid uterus and mammary gland thus impacting birthweight and post-natal growth of the offspring. Experiment 1 investigated mammary gland BF in multiparous cows during late pregnancy. Beef cows were fed a control (CON1) diet of low-quality hay (n = 5) or a supplement diet (SUP1) of low-quality hay with DDGS [1...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Amy Roda, Gösta Nachman, Scott Weihman, Mary Yong Cong, Fredrick Zimmerman
Giant African snail (Achatina fulica (Bowdich, 1822)), an important invasive snail, was recently found in South Florida, USA. An extensive eradication effort was initiated consisting of pesticide applications, debris removal and hand collections. We studied the reproduction capacity and population dynamics of snails collected from 22 populations for two years to help evaluate the likely success of the eradication program. A total of 23,890 snails, ranging from 25-131 mm, were measured, dissected and the number of eggs in each snail counted...
2016: PloS One
Jonathan Harold Thornton, Bernard Malongo Batengana, Alvaro Eduardo Eiras, Seth Robert Irish
In East Africa, significant morbidity and mortality are caused by infections spread by Culex quinquefasciatus and Aedes aegypti. Sticky traps have been shown to be effective tools for sampling populations of Aedes mosquitoes and have been found to catch Cx. quinquefasciatus. Thus, they could potentially be used to sample populations of this species. This study compared Sticky ovitraps (SO) and MosquiTraps (MQT) with the CDC Gravid trap (CDC-GT) for collection of Culex and Aedes mosquito populations in Tanzania...
December 2016: Journal of Vector Ecology: Journal of the Society for Vector Ecology
Åsa Larsson, Carola Wärnå-Furu, Yvonne Näsman
AIM: To deepen understanding of the meaning of caring in prenatal care from Swedish women's perspectives. METHOD: Ten women, who had given birth between 1 and 2 months previously, were interviewed. The women have taken part in the routine programme that constitutes maternity care Sweden. A hermeneutic approach inspired by Gadamer was used to analyse the data and gain a deeper understanding of the women's experiences. FINDINGS: Three themes were identified in the hermeneutical analysis...
November 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Mary Peavey, Sara Arian, William Gibbons, Karen Lu, David Gershenson, Terri Woodard
PURPOSE: Adolescents and young adults (AYAs) receiving cancer treatments that may impair fertility should receive counseling about risk of infertility and options for fertility preservation (FP) before treatment and/or during survivorship. Our objective was to define the AYA patient population referred to an on-site fertility consultation service within a comprehensive cancer center and determine factors associated with patients proceeding with FP treatment. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of AYA women who completed a consultation at the MD Anderson Fertility Preservation and Family Building Service during the first year of service...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Atabak Roohi Aminjan, Masoumeh Malek
The original description of the genus Tetragonocephalum was published more than one hundred years ago but its taxonomic status was clarified only recently. To date, approximately 30 nominal species of this genus have been described, mostly from the northern Indian Ocean, but nearly half of them are invalid and only 14 species are recognized as valid. In the present study two new species of Tetragonocephalum are described from the spiral intestine of Himantura randalli from off Jod, on the northern coast of the Gulf of Oman...
2016: ZooKeys
Mitra Arianmanesh, Paul A Fowler, Kaïs H Al-Gubory
The stage-specific expression of functional proteins within the endometrium, and their regulation by conceptus-derived signals, are crucial for conceptus development and successful establishment of pregnancy. Accurate knowledge of endometrium-conceptus interactions is key for the development of effective strategies to improve conceptus implantation rates both following natural conception and/or assisted reproductive technologies. The unilateral pregnant ewe provides a powerful experimental model for the study of endometrial function in the presence or absence of conceptuses during the peri-implantation period...
November 2, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
Sahan Udayanga Wadasinghe, Louisa Metcalf, Patricia Metcalf, David Perry
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to produce sonographic reference data for maternal renal pelvis dilatation in asymptomatic pregnant women. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was undertaken on pregnant women presenting for outpatient obstetric imaging. For each side, the renal length and axial anteroposterior diameter of the renal pelvis were measured. Maternal demographics, gravidity and parity, number of fetuses, and estimated fetal weight (when available) were recorded...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Garrett K Lam
The rise of obesity among gravid women has been tracked and documented in many first-world countries, but a dramatic rise has been noted over the last 15 years. Definitions of "normal-weight, overweight and obese" have been defined; however, new terms are used to describe more severe degrees of obesity. Obesity in any form or degree increases morbidities in mothers. The unique physiologic characteristics of the obese gravida set up unique challenges in her management, especially in an acute setting such as labor...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
Catherine A Bigelow, Neil S Horowitz, Annekathryn Goodman, Whitfield B Growdon, Marcela Del Carmen, Anjali J Kaimal
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the third most common gynecologic malignancy in the United States. Approximately 1-3% of cervical cancers will be diagnosed in pregnant and peripartum women; optimal management in the setting of pregnancy is not always clear. OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the management of patients with cervical cancer diagnosed in pregnancy and compare their outcomes to nonpregnant women with similar baseline characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all patients diagnosed with cervical cancer in pregnancy and matched them 1:2 with contemporaneous nonpregnant women of the same age diagnosed with cervical cancer of the same stage...
October 31, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Massila Wagué Senghor, Abdoul Aziz Niang, Jérome Depaquit, Hubert Ferté, Malick Ndao Faye, Eric Elguero, Oumar Gaye, Bulent Alten, Utku Perktas, Cécile Cassan, Babacar Faye, Anne-Laure Bañuls
Leishmania (L.) infantum is the causative agent in an endemic focus of canine leishmaniasis in the Mont-Rolland district (Thiès, Senegal). In this area, the transmission cycle is well established and more than 30% of dogs and 20% of humans are seropositive for L. infantum. However, the sand fly species involved in L. infantum transmission cycle are still unknown. Between 2007 and 2010, 3654 sand flies were collected from different environments (indoor, peridomestic, farming and sylvatic areas) to identify the main L...
November 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Verónica Acevedo, Manuel Amador, Gilberto Félix, Roberto Barrera
Dengue viruses cause hundreds of millions of infections every year in tropical and subtropical countries. Unfortunately, there is not a single universal vector control method capable of suppressing Aedes aegypti (L.) populations. Amongst novel control tools or approaches are various types of traps targeting gravid females or their eggs. Here, we provide details of the operational use of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention autocidal gravid ovitrap (CDC-AGO trap) for the surveillance and control of Ae...
September 2016: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
Christopher S Bibbs, Codi Anderson, Rui-De Xue
Recent autodissemination studies have popularly favored pyriproxyfen, but methoprene is already established and widely used in control programs. This study demonstrated that methoprene could also autodisseminate through contaminated gravid females. Arenas of oviposition cups were arranged around methoprene-contaminated bait stations. Gravid female Aedes albopictus were released to allow oviposition. All cups were then removed and tested in an insect growth regulator bioassay. Liquid formulations did not result in adequate autodissemination among treatment groups...
September 2016: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
B Hirschmugl, G Desoye, P Catalano, I Klymiuk, H Scharnagl, S Payr, E Kitzinger, C Schliefsteiner, U Lang, C Wadsack, S Hauguel-de Mouzon
BACKGROUND: Obesity before pregnancy is associated with impaired metabolic status of the mother and the offspring later in life. These adverse effects have been attributed to epigenetic changes in utero, but little is known about the role of placental metabolism and its contribution to fetal development. OBJECTIVES: We examined the impact of maternal pre-pregnancy obesity on the expression of genes involved in placental lipid metabolism in lean and obese women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Seventy-three lean and obese women with healthy pregnancy were recruited at term elective cesarean delivery...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Kelsey L Shnaekel, Michael P Wendel, Nader Z Rabie, Everett F Magann
Objective: The aim of this review was to describe the risk factors, clinical and radiographic criteria, and management of this rare complication of pregnancy. Methods: A PubMed, Web of Science, and CINAHL search was undertaken with no limitations on the number of years searched. Results: There were 60 articles identified, with 53 articles being the basis of this review. Multiple risk factors have been suggested in the literature including retroverted uterus in the first trimester, deep sacral concavity with an overlying sacral promontory, endometriosis, previous abdominal or pelvic surgery, pelvic or uterine adhesions, ovarian cysts, leiomyomas, multifetal gestation, uterine anomalies, uterine prolapse, and uterine incarceration in a prior pregnancy...
October 2016: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
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