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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226044/care-for-women-involved-with-drugs-social-representations-of-nurses
#1
Andreia Silva Rodrigues, Jeane Freitas de Oliveira, Cleuma Sueli Santos Suto, Maria da Penha de Lima Coutinho, Mirian Santos Paiva, Simone Santos Souza
Objective: analyze social representations of nurses related to the care for women involved with drugs. Method: qualitative research founded on the theory of social representations, with 42 nurses from a public maternity ward of Salvador-BA, using identification questionnaire, test of free association of words, and semi-structured interview. We analyzed the structure of social representations and the similarity tree of free evocations, and also analyzed the content of interviews...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210634/potential-of-a-pharmacogenetic-guided-algorithm-to-predict-optimal-warfarin-dosing-in-a-high-risk-hispanic-patient-role-of-a-novel-nqo1-2-polymorphism
#2
Dagmar F Hernandez-Suarez, Karla Claudio-Campos, Javier E Mirabal-Arroyo, Bianca A Torres-Hernández, Angel López-Candales, Kyle Melin, Jorge Duconge
Deep abdominal vein thrombosis is extremely rare among thrombotic events secondary to the use of contraceptives. A case to illustrate the clinical utility of ethno-specific pharmacogenetic testing in warfarin management of a Hispanic patient is reported. A 37-year-old Hispanic Puerto Rican, non-gravid female with past medical history of abnormal uterine bleeding on hormonal contraceptive therapy was evaluated for abdominal pain. Physical exam was remarkable for unspecific diffuse abdominal tenderness, and general initial laboratory results-including coagulation parameters-were unremarkable...
October 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196415/hierarchical-assembly-of-tough-bioelastomeric-egg-capsules-is-mediated-by-a-bundling-protein
#3
Jun Jie Loke, Akshita Kumar, Shawn Hoon, Chandra S Verma, Ali Miserez
Marine snail egg capsules are shock-absorbing bio-elastomers made from precursor "egg case proteins" (ECPs) that initially lack long-range order. During capsule formation, these proteins self-assemble into coiled-coil filaments that subsequently align into microscopic layers, a multi-scale process which is crucial to the capsules' shock-absorbing properties. In this study, we show that the self-assembly of ECPs into their functional capsule material is mediated by a bundling protein that facilitates the aggregation of coiled-coil building blocks and their gelation into a pre-final capsule prior to final stabilization...
February 14, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196149/climatic-and-geographic-predictors-of-life-history-variation-in-eastern-massasauga-sistrurus-catenatus-a-range-wide-synthesis
#4
Eric T Hileman, Richard B King, John M Adamski, Thomas G Anton, Robyn L Bailey, Sarah J Baker, Nickolas D Bieser, Thomas A Bell, Kristin M Bissell, Danielle R Bradke, Henry Campa, Gary S Casper, Karen Cedar, Matthew D Cross, Brett A DeGregorio, Michael J Dreslik, Lisa J Faust, Daniel S Harvey, Robert W Hay, Benjamin C Jellen, Brent D Johnson, Glenn Johnson, Brooke D Kiel, Bruce A Kingsbury, Matthew J Kowalski, Yu Man Lee, Andrew M Lentini, John C Marshall, David Mauger, Jennifer A Moore, Rori A Paloski, Christopher A Phillips, Paul D Pratt, Thomas Preney, Kent A Prior, Andrew Promaine, Michael Redmer, Howard K Reinert, Jeremy D Rouse, Kevin T Shoemaker, Scott Sutton, Terry J VanDeWalle, Patrick J Weatherhead, Doug Wynn, Anne Yagi
Elucidating how life history traits vary geographically is important to understanding variation in population dynamics. Because many aspects of ectotherm life history are climate-dependent, geographic variation in climate is expected to have a large impact on population dynamics through effects on annual survival, body size, growth rate, age at first reproduction, size-fecundity relationship, and reproductive frequency. The Eastern Massasauga (Sistrurus catenatus) is a small, imperiled North American rattlesnake with a distribution centered on the Great Lakes region, where lake effects strongly influence local conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190408/net-mineral-requirements-of-dairy-goats-during-pregnancy
#5
C J Härter, L D Lima, D S Castagnino, H O Silva, F O M Figueiredo, N R St-Pierre, K T Resende, I A M A Teixeira
Mineral requirements of pregnant dairy goats are still not well defined; therefore, we investigated the net Ca, P, Mg, Na and K requirements for pregnancy and for maintenance during pregnancy in two separate experiments. Experiment 1 was performed to estimate the net Ca, P, Mg, Na and K requirements in goats carrying single or twin fetuses from 50 to 140 days of pregnancy (DOP). The net mineral requirements for pregnancy were determined by measuring mineral deposition in gravid uterus and mammary gland after comparative slaughter...
February 13, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182343/comparison-of-amniotic-fluid-cytokine-levels-in-postterm-and-term-pregnancy-a-prospective-study
#6
Vakkas Korkmaz, Yasemin Cekmez, Hatice Surer, Canan D Deveci, Fatma D Ocal, Murad Gezer, Zehra Kurdoglu, Yusuf Ergun, Tuncay Kucukozkan
BACKGROUND: To evaluate amniotic fluid pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine levels in women with postterm and term pregnancies in labor and not in labor. METHODS: The study involved three groups: postterm (Group 1, n = 29), term in labor (Group 2, n = 28), and control (Group 3, n = 30). All groups were compared with respect to age, gravidity, parity, obstetric history, gestation week, cervical dilatation and effacement, maternal serum C-reactive protein and white cell count, amniotic interleukin 4, 6, and 10 levels, birthweight, and cord blood pH...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182103/filarial-abscess-aspiration-of-adult-gravid-female-worm-from-submandibular-region-an-unusual-presentation
#7
Ruquiya Afrose, Mohammad Feroz Alam, Syed Shamshad Ahmad, Mohammed Naim
Microfilaria is a major public health problem in tropical and subtropical countries and is an endemic problem in India. Wuchereria bancrofti is the most common filarial infection. In some cases, microfilariae and adult filarial worm have been incidentally detected in fine-needle aspirates of various lesions; detection of microfilaria from subcutaneous site or from abscess site is even rarer. We here report an unusual case of Bancroftian microfilariasis in a 68-year-old female coming from endemic area presenting with right submandibular abscess...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178169/an-artificial-neural-network-prediction-model-of-congenital-heart-disease-based-on-risk-factors-a-hospital-based-case-control-study
#8
Huixia Li, Miyang Luo, Jianfei Zheng, Jiayou Luo, Rong Zeng, Na Feng, Qiyun Du, Junqun Fang
An artificial neural network (ANN) model was developed to predict the risks of congenital heart disease (CHD) in pregnant women.This hospital-based case-control study involved 119 CHD cases and 239 controls all recruited from birth defect surveillance hospitals in Hunan Province between July 2013 and June 2014. All subjects were interviewed face-to-face to fill in a questionnaire that covered 36 CHD-related variables. The 358 subjects were randomly divided into a training set and a testing set at the ratio of 85:15...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177292/intestinal-helminth-fauna-of-the-shortfin-mako-isurus-oxyrinchus-elasmobranchii-lamnidae-in-the-northeast-atlantic-ocean
#9
Jaime Penadés-Suay, Jesús Tomás, Manuel Merchán, Francisco Javier Aznar
Large oceanic sharks represent a suitable model to investigate the influence of a host's oceanic conditions on the structure of its helminth communities. In this study, we describe the intestinal helminth fauna, and investigate determinants of infracommunity structure, in 39 specimens of shortfin mako Isurus oxyrinchus collected in the NE Atlantic. Six cestode species were found in the spiral valve of makos: 3 are typical from lamnid sharks, namely, gravid specimens of Clistobothrium montaukensis, Gymnorhynchus isuri and Ceratobothrium xanthocephalum, and 3 are immature specimens of cestode species common to several elasmobranchs, namely, Dinobothrium septaria, Nybelinia lingualis, and Phyllobothrium cf...
February 8, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173804/the-role-of-grass-volatiles-on-oviposition-site-selection-by-anopheles-arabiensis-and-anopheles-coluzzii
#10
Yelfwagash Asmare, Sharon R Hill, Richard J Hopkins, Habte Tekie, Rickard Ignell
BACKGROUND: The reproductive success and population dynamics, of Anopheles malaria mosquitoes is strongly influenced by the oviposition site selection of gravid females. Mosquitoes select oviposition sites at different spatial scales, starting with selecting a habitat in which to search. This study utilizes the association of larval abundance in the field with natural breeding habitats, dominated by various types of wild grasses, as a proxy for oviposition site selection by gravid mosquitoes...
February 7, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169090/peripartum-cardiomyopathy-characteristics-and-outcomes-in-canadian-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-women
#11
Shuangbo Liu, Sobia A Zuberi, Amrit A Malik, Brett M Hiebert, Allan Schaffer, Shelley Zieroth, Francisco J Cordova
BACKGROUND: Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a heterogeneous condition characterized by heart failure and left ventricular dysfunction (left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] < 45%) in the absence of an alternative cause and a previous diagnosis of cardiomyopathy. The Aboriginal population (Inuit, First Nations, Metis) of Canada often has barriers to health care, which can lead to delays in diagnosis and treatment. Our objectives are to describe PPCM in a Canadian population, and to determine if Canadian Aboriginal women have worse clinical outcomes than non-Aboriginal women...
November 11, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153654/reduction-of-total-labour-length-through-the-addition-of-parenteral-dextrose-solution-in-induction-of-labor-in-nulliparous-results-of-dextrons-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Josianne Paré, Jean-Charles Pasquier, Antoine Lewin, William Fraser, Yves-André Bureau
BACKGROUND: Prolonged labor is a significant cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and very few interventions are known to shorten labor course. Skeletal muscle physiology suggests that glucose supplementation might improve muscle performance in case of prolonged exercise and this situation is analogous to the gravid uterus during delivery. Therefore, it seemed imperative to evaluate the impact of adding carbohydrate supplements on the course of labor. OBJECTIVE(S): To provide evidence as to whether IV glucose supplementation during labor induction in nulliparous women can reduce total duration of active labor...
January 28, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145915/the-relationship-of-anterior-vaginal-and-apical-position-to-postvoid-residual-urine
#13
Keri S Wong, Jenny Y Mei, Cecilia K Wieslander, Christopher M Tarnay
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the association between severity of anterior vaginal or apical prolapse and postvoid residual volume (PVR). METHODS: The charts of all women who presented to Urogynecology Clinic at Olive View-UCLA Medical Center for a 2-year period were reviewed. Demographic data, the degree of prolapse pelvic organ prolapse quantification points Aa, Ba, and C, and PVR were recorded. Patients with incomplete pelvic organ prolapse quantification assessment or improperly measured PVR were excluded...
January 31, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135281/dispersal-of-male-and-female-culex-quinquefasciatus-and-aedes-albopictus-mosquitoes-using-stable-isotope-enrichment
#14
Matthew C I Medeiros, Emily C Boothe, E Brendan Roark, Gabriel L Hamer
The dispersal patterns of mosquito vectors are important drivers of vector-borne infectious disease dynamics and understanding movement patterns is pivotal to devise successful intervention strategies. Here, we investigate the dispersal patterns of two globally important mosquito vectors, Aedes albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus, by marking naturally-occurring larvae with stable isotopes (13C or 15N). Marked individuals were captured with 32 CDC light trap, 32 gravid trap, and 16 BG Sentinel at different locations within two-kilometer radii of six larval habitats enriched with either 13C or 15N...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131768/brachylaima-ezohelicis-sp-nov-trematoda-brachylaimidae-found-from-the-land-snail-ezohelix-gainesi-with-a-note-of-an-unidentified-brachylaima-species-in-hokkaido-japan
#15
Minoru Nakao, Tsukasa Waki, Mizuki Sasaki, Jason L Anders, Daisuke Koga, Mitsuhiko Asakawa
In the Japanese Archipelago, Ezohelix gainesi, a member of bradybaenid land snails, is endemic mainly to the island of Hokkaido. During July to August of 2016, a survey to detect trematode infections from E. gainesi was carried out at a forest city park in Asahikawa, Hokkaido. Systemic infections of the snails with sporocysts containing short-tailed cercariae were found in 5.3% of 94 individuals examined. Furthermore, most of them (90.4%) harbored non-encysted metacercariae within their kidneys. A DNA sequence identification revealed that both of the sporocyst and the metacercaria belong to an unknown species of the family Brachylaimidae...
January 25, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129477/higher-maternal-serum-prolactin-levels-are-associated-with-reduced-glucose-tolerance-during-pregnancy
#16
Elif I Ekinci, Niloufar Torkamani, Sabashini K Ramchand, Leonid Churilov, Ken A Sikaris, Zhong X Lu, Christine A Houlihan
It is unknown if high prolactin levels during pregnancy contribute to the development of gestational diabetes. We hypothesized that higher prolactin levels are associated with reduced glucose tolerance, as determined by higher 2-hour glucose level from an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in pregnancy. 75 gram OGTT was performed at 28 weeks of gestation in 69 participants. A multiple regression analysis was used to determine the relationship between serum prolactin and 2-hour glucose levels. Multivariable regression analysis demonstrated an independent and significant relationship between third trimester prolactin and 2-hour glucose levels post OGTT...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116530/first-mass-development-of-aedes-albopictus-diptera-culicidae-its-surveillance-and-control-in-germany
#17
Norbert Becker, Stefanie Schön, Alexandra-Maria Klein, Ina Ferstl, Ali Kizgin, Egbert Tannich, Carola Kuhn, Björn Pluskota, Artur Jöst
The Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus has undergone a dramatic expansion of its range in the last few decades. Since its first detection in 2007 in Germany at the motorway A5 coming from Italy via Switzerland to Germany, it has been continuously introduced by vehicles, most probably from Italy. After a hint from an alert gardener in an allotment garden area in Freiburg, Southwest Germany, in 2015, a surveillance programme was started focusing on the garden area and adjacent areas as well as most of the cemeteries as potential infestation areas...
January 23, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115056/the-clinical-outcome-of-cesarean-scar-pregnancies-implanted-on-the-scar-versus-in-the-niche
#18
Andrea Kaelin Agten, Giuseppe Cali, Ana Monteagudo, Johana Oviedo, Joanne Ramos, Ilan Timor-Tritsch
BACKGROUND: The term "cesarean scar pregnancy" (CSP) refers to placental implantation within the scar of a prior cesarean delivery. The rising numbers of cesarean deliveries in the last decades have lead to an increased incidence of CSP. Complications of CSP include: morbidly adherent placenta, uterine rupture, severe hemorrhage, and preterm labor. It is suspected that CSPs implanted within a dehiscent scar ("niche") behave differently compared to those implanted on top of a well healed scar...
January 20, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114992/a-maize-ing-attraction-gravid-anopheles-arabiensis-are-attracted-and-oviposit-in-response-to-maize-pollen-odours
#19
Betelehem Wondwosen, Sharon R Hill, Göran Birgersson, Emiru Seyoum, Habte Tekie, Rickard Ignell
BACKGROUND: Maize cultivation contributes to the prevalence of malaria mosquitoes and exacerbates malaria transmission in sub-Saharan Africa. The pollen from maize serves as an important larval food source for Anopheles mosquitoes, and females that are able to detect breeding sites where maize pollen is abundant may provide their offspring with selective advantages. Anopheles mosquitoes are hypothesized to locate, discriminate among, and select such sites using olfactory cues, and that synthetic volatile blends can mimic these olfactory-guided behaviours...
January 23, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112003/predictors-of-twin-pregnancy-after-ovarian-stimulation-and-intrauterine-insemination-in-women-with-unexplained-infertility
#20
Arie Berkovitz, Tal Biron-Shental, Yael Pasternak, Reuven Sharony, Anat Hershko-Klement, Amir Wiser
Multi-foetal gestation is a well-known, adverse outcome of infertility treatment. Maternal and obstetrical complications are more frequent in multiple pregnancies compared to singletons. The aim of this study was to determine parameters that affect the risk for multiple pregnancies after ovarian stimulation (OS) with intrauterine insemination (IUI). We retrospectively evaluated all cases of OS with IUI cycles that ended with successful clinical pregnancy. A total of 259 pregnancies were analysed (175 singletons, 63 twins and 21 triplets)...
January 22, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
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