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Omotayo Bernard, Roger C Gibson, Affette McCaw-Binns, Jody Reece, Charlene Coore-Desai, Sydonnie Shakespeare-Pellington, Maureen Samms-Vaughan
BACKGROUND: Antenatal depression is associated with adverse maternal and infant well-being. However, compared to postpartum depression, it has been less frequently explored globally or in Jamaica. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of, and factors associated with, antenatal depressive symptoms among Jamaican women in order to inform policy and build interventions that could improve their management and reduce their negative consequences. METHODS: This secondary analysis of data from the second Jamaican Birth Cohort Study (JA-Kids Birth Cohort) included 3,517 women enrolled during pregnancy...
2018: PloS One
Petteri Oura, Markus Paananen, Juha Auvinen, Jaakko Niinimäki, Maarit Niinimäki, Jaro Karppinen, Juho-Antti Junno
STUDY DESIGN: A population-based birth cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between gravidity, parity and vertebral geometry among middle-aged women. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Vertebral size is a recognized determinant of vertebral fracture risk. Yet only a few lifestyle factors that influence vertebral size are known. Pregnancy is a labile period which may affect the maternal vertebral size or shape. The lumbar lordosis angle is permanently deepened by pregnancy, but it remains unclear whether vertebral shape or size contribute to this deepened angle...
March 15, 2018: Spine
Qinghong Meng, Jie Luo, Lijun Li, Wei Shi, Jinqian Yu, Yingjie Shen, Li Li, Yajuan Wang, Kaihu Yao
BACKGROUND: Rubella infection in pregnant women can result in serious effects, such as miscarriages, stillbirths, and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). However, very little is known about the rubella seroprevalence among pregnant women in China. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional and hospital-based study. From June 2016 through March 2017, a total of 324 serum samples from healthy pregnant women were collected in the Shunyi Women and Children's Hospital of Beijing Children's Hospital...
March 15, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Kyle K Jensen, Karen Y Oh, Anne M Kennedy, Roya Sohaey
Intrauterine linear echogenicity (ILE) is a common ultrasonographic finding in the gravid uterus and has variable causes and variable maternal and fetal outcomes. Correctly categorizing ILE during pregnancy is crucial for guiding surveillance and advanced imaging strategies. Common causes of ILE include membranes in multiple gestations, uterine synechiae with amniotic sheets, and uterine duplication anomalies. Less common causes include circumvallate placenta, chorioamniotic separation, and hemorrhage between membranes...
March 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Maryam Kashanian, Nooshin Eshraghi, Narges Sheikhansari, Arash Bordbar, Elahehsadat Khatami
The purpose of the present study was to compare the effect of a two-dose administration of betamethasone with 12 hours interval vs. 24 hours interval on neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). The study was performed as a randomised clinical trial on 201 pregnant women with a gestational age of 26-34 weeks. In one group 12 mg of betamethasone every 12 hours for two doses and in the other group 12 mg of betamethasone every 24 hours for two doses were prescribed intramuscularly. There were no significant differences between the two groups according to maternal age, parity, gravidity, BMI, neonatal sex, need to surfactant, NICU admission, NICU stay, neonatal death, neonatal sepsis and Apgar score at minutes 1 and 5, but the gestational age at the beginning of the study and delivery receiving complete course of betamethasone and neonatal weight were lower in 24 hours group...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Michal Fried, Jonathan D Kurtis, Bruce Swihart, Robert Morrison, Sunthorn Pond-Tor, Amadou Barry, Youssoufa Sidibe, Sekouba Keita, Almahamoudou Mahamar, Naissem Andemel, Oumar Attaher, Adama B Dembele, Kadidia B Cisse, Bacary S Diarra, Moussa B Kanoute, David L Narum, Alassane Dicko, Patrick E Duffy
BACKGROUND: Maternal malaria is a tropical scourge associated with poor pregnancy outcomes. Women become resistant to Plasmodium falciparum pregnancy malaria as they acquire antibodies to the variant surface antigen VAR2CSA, a leading vaccine candidate. Because malaria infection may increase VAR2CSA antibody levels and thereby confound analyses of immune protection, gravidity-dependent changes in antibody levels during and after infection, and the effect of VAR2CSA antibodies on pregnancy outcomes were evaluated...
March 9, 2018: Malaria Journal
Andrew C Faust, Emily Guy, Nidhu Baby, Anthony Ortegon
BACKGROUND: Methemoglobinemia is a well-recognized adverse drug reaction related to the use of certain local anesthetic agents. The mainstay of treatment for methemoglobinemia is i.v. methylene blue, along with provision of supplemental oxygen; however, methylene blue is listed as a category X teratogen. This poses an issue should methemoglobinemia develop during pregnancy. CASE REPORT: A 35-year-old, 20-week and 5-day gravid female was transferred from an outpatient oral surgeon's office for hypoxia...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Eser S Ozyurek, Tolga Karacan, Cenk Ozdalgicoglu, Salih Yilmaz, Salman Isik, Mevlide San, Erdal Kaya
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of anti-human heat shock protein 60 (hHsp60) antibody positivity in the pathogenesis of ectopic pregnancy, following Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection. STUDY DESIGN: In a case-control study, serological tests for anti-hHsp60 were performed in ectopic pregnancies (study group) and parturients with normal reproductive histories (control group). All participants in both groups were CT IgG(+). hHsp60 IgG(+) prevalences were compared between the two groups, by semiquantitative ELISA...
March 5, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Keiran D Clement, Andreas Luhmann, Michael Sj Wilson, Pradeep Patil
We report a case of a young woman admitted electively for laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication, and again three days post-operatively as an emergency with profuse vomiting and abdominal pain. She underwent diagnostic laparoscopy, and a small gastric perforation was found at the site of the fundoplication and this was suture-repaired. On both admissions, she was "screened" for pregnancy as per current guidelines. On the second admission, following a CT scan, she was found to have a gravid uterus with a foetus of 16-18 weeks' gestation...
January 1, 2018: Scottish Medical Journal
Tom Swan, L P Lounibos, N Nishimura
Invasive container mosquito species Aedes aegypti (L.) and Ae. albopictus (Skuse) frequently co-occur in nature where they are typically segregated spatially by distinctive macrohabitat preferences that may select for different oviposition strategies. In a standard cage environment, we compared oviposition site selection by individual gravid females of these species exposed to variable numbers of water-holding cups and the presence or absence of a rugose wettable container lining. Offered plastic cups with and without lining, both species laid a significantly higher percentage of eggs in cups with lining (95...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
Nneka U Igboeli, Maxwell O Adibe, Chinwe V Ukwe, Nze C Aguwa
Background: In 2005, Nigeria changed its policy on prevention of malaria in pregnancy to intermittent preventive treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP). Indicators of impact of effective prevention and control of malaria on pregnancy (MIP) are low birth weight (LBW) and maternal anaemia by parity. This study determined the prevalence of LBW for different gravidity groups during periods of pre- and postpolicy change to IPTp-SP. Methods: Eleven-year data were abstracted from the delivery registers of two hospitals...
2018: BioMed Research International
Müberra Namlı Kalem, Ziya Kalem, Batuhan Bakırarar, Ali Ergün, Timur Gürgan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible association between progesterone use in the first trimester of pregnancy and fetal nuchal translucency (NT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is an observational case-control study, which was conducted with patients who underwent nuchal scans between March 2015 and February 2016 and consequently delivered live and healthy babies. The study group was composed of assisted reproductive technology pregnancies and used intravaginal progesterone 180 mg/day until gestational week 12...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
Erol Cakmak, Savas Karakus, Ozlem Demirpence, Banu Demet Coskun
BACKGROUND This study aimed to investigate ovarian reserve in patients of reproductive age with Celiac disease (CD) using anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels, antral follicle counts (AFCs), and ovarian volume. MATERIAL AND METHODS We included into this study 46 CD female patients and 40 healthy female subjects of reproductive age, ages 18-45 years. Venous blood samples were taken from both groups on days 2-4 of the menstrual cycle, and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol (E2), prolactin (PRL), and AMH levels were measured...
February 24, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Ksenia S Onufrieva, Alexey V Onufriev
An accurate quantitative relationship between key characteristics of an insect population, such as season-long and peak abundances, can be very useful in pest management programs. To the best of our knowledge, no such relationship has yet been established. Here we establish a predictive linear relationship between insect catch Mpw during the week of peak abundance, the length of seasonal flight period, F (number of weeks) and season-long cumulative catch (abundance) A = 0.41MpwF. The derivation of the equation is based on several general assumptions and does not involve fitting to experimental data, which implies generality of the result...
2018: PloS One
Betelehem Wondwosen, Göran Birgersson, Habte Tekie, Baldwyn Torto, Rickard Ignell, Sharon R Hill
BACKGROUND: Anopheles arabiensis is a key vector for the transmission of human malaria in sub-Saharan Africa. Over the past 10,000 years, humans have successfully cultivated grasses and altered the landscape, creating An. arabiensis favourable environments that contain excellent habitats for both larvae and adults. Sugarcane is the most expanding agricultural system in sub-Saharan Africa, and is linked to the increased threat of malaria in rural communities. The prolific production and wind dispersal of sugarcane pollen, together with standing pools of water, often provide, as a result of irrigation, a nutrient-rich environment for the offspring of gravid malaria mosquitoes...
February 21, 2018: Malaria Journal
Mariela Soledad Pawluk, Hebe Campaña, Monica Rittler, Fernando Adrián Poletta, Viviana R Cosentino, Juan Antonio Gili, Lucas Gabriel Gimenez, Jorge Santiago López Camelo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of individual low socioeconomic status (SES) and deprived geographical area (GA) on the occurrence of isolated cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL±P) in Argentina. METHODS: This case-control study included 577 newborns with isolated CL±P and 13 344 healthy controls, born between 1992 and 2001, from a total population of 546 129 births in 39 hospitals in Argentina. Census data on unsatisfied basic needs were used to establish the degree of geographical area deprivation...
February 19, 2018: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Xiaoying Li, Lei Wang, Alexandros G Asimakopoulos, Hongwen Sun, Zhen Zhao, Junjie Zhang, Lu Zhang, Qi Wang
Benzotriazoles (BTRs) and benzothiazoles (BTHs) are two groups of heterocyclic compounds that are widely detected in the environment. In this study, the levels of BTRs and BTHs in 79 paired maternal urine and amniotic fluid samples from Tianjin were investigated. BTRs were detected in most maternal urine samples, with a median concentration of ∑BTRs of 0.88 ng/mL. BTH was detected in all maternal urine samples, with a median concentration of 1.35 ng/mL. Tolyltriazole (TTR, i.e., the sum of 4-methyl-1H-benzotriazole and 5-methyl-1H-benzotriazole) and BTH were detected in amniotic fluid with detection rates (DRs) > 50% and median concentrations of 0...
February 12, 2018: Chemosphere
Adel M Nada, Reham A Mohsen, Yosra M Hassan, Amira Sabry, Noha S Soliman
BACKGROUND: Maternal rectal enemas may reduce neonatal bacterial exposure during labour; this may reduce the risk of neonatal colonization with Clostridium difficile. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a saline enema during the first stage of labour in reducing neonatal colonization with C. difficile. METHODS: The study was conducted in Cairo University Hospital from January 2016 to July 2016. Asymptomatic mothers with uncomplicated vaginal delivery and their neonates without diarrhea were included...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
Hai Bo Wen, Wu Jin, Xue Yan Ma, Bing Qing Zheng, Pao Xu, Liang Xu, Dan Hua, Xin Hua Yuan, Ruo Bo Gu
The basal media M199 or MEM was utilized in the classical method of vitro culture of glochidia where 1-5% CO2 was required to maintain stable physiological pH for completion of non-parasitic metamorphosis. The classical method encounters a great challenge to those glochidia which undergo development of visceral tissue but significantly increase in size during metamorphosis. The improved in vitro culture techniques and classical methods were firstly compared for non-parasitic metamorphosis and development of glochidia in pink heelsplitter...
2018: PloS One
Sana Ben Slama, Leila Mebazaa, Dhouha Bacha, Saadia Bouraoui, Sabeh Mzabi-Regaya, Ahlem Lahmar
BACKGROUND: The fetoplacental examination is actually very important and sometimes necessary to confirm or correct prenatal diagnosis. AIM: to deduce a list of indications of fetoplacental examination and to determine the type and frequency of malformations found. METHODS: a retrospective study including 398 consecutive fetoplacental examinations, including abortions, stillbirths and children died perinatally. The cases were referred in the department of pathology of the M...
March 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
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