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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646784/premenstrual-mood-and-empathy-after-a-single-light-therapy-session
#1
Marije Aan Het Rot, Kristina Miloserdov, Anna L F Buijze, Ybe Meesters, Marijke C M Gordijn
To examine whether acute changes in cognitive empathy might mediate the impact of light therapy on mood, we assessed the effects of a single light-therapy session on mood and cognitive empathy in 48 premenstrual women, including 17 who met Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool criteria for moderate-to-severe premenstrual syndrome / premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMS/PMDD). Using a participant-blind between-groups design, 23 women underwent 30min of morning light therapy (5,000lx; blue-enriched polychromatic light, 17,000K) while 25 women had a sham session (200lx, polychromatic light, 5,000K)...
June 16, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641244/computerized-lung-sound-screening-for-pediatric-auscultation-in-noisy-field-environments
#2
Dimitra Emmanouilidou, Eric D McCollum, Daniel E Park, Mounya Elhilali
GOAL: Chest auscultations offer a non-invasive and low-cost tool for monitoring lung disease. However, they present many shortcomings including inter-listener variability, subjectivity, and vulnerability to noise and distortions. The current work proposes a computer-aided approach to process lung signals acquired in the field under adverse noisy conditions, by improving the signal quality and offering automated iden- tification of abnormal auscultations indicative of respiratory pathologies...
June 19, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631969/cognitive-functions-among-predominantly-minority-urban-adolescents-with-metabolic-syndrome
#3
Alexander Mangone, Kathy F Yates, Victoria Sweat, Adriana Joseph, Antonio Convit
The rise in the rate of adolescent obesity has led to a concurrent rise in the rate of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among young people. In addition to diabetes and cardiovascular disease, MetS has also been linked to cognitive dysfunction. The goal of this study was to assess whether cognitive differences exist between minority urban adolescents carrying excess weight who meet criteria for MetS as compared to their peers without MetS. Two hundred and ninety-six urban adolescents, predominantly Hispanic and carrying excess weight as defined by a BMI above 25 kg/m(2), were screened for MetS and divided into MetS and no MetS groups...
February 22, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629461/cost-effectiveness-of-lung-cancer-screening-and-treatment-methods-a-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#4
Farbod Ebadifard Azar, Saber Azami-Aghdash, Fatemeh Pournaghi-Azar, Alireza Mazdaki, Aziz Rezapour, Parvin Ebrahimi, Negar Yousefzadeh
BACKGROUND: Due to extensive literature in the field of lung cancer and their heterogeneous results, the aim of this study was to systematically review of systematic reviews studies which reviewed the cost-effectiveness of various lung cancer screening and treatment methods. METHODS: In this systematic review of systematic reviews study, required data were collected searching the following key words which selected from Mesh: "lung cancer", "lung oncology", "lung Carcinoma", "lung neoplasm", "lung tumors", "cost- effectiveness", "systematic review" and "Meta-analysis"...
June 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621616/prevalence-of-foramen-arcuale-and-its-clinical-significance-a-meta-analysis-of-55-985-subjects
#5
Przemysław A Pękala, Brandon M Henry, Jakub R Pękala, Wan Chin Hsieh, Jens Vikse, Beatrice Sanna, Jerzy A Walocha, R Shane Tubbs, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
OBJECTIVE The foramen arcuale (FA) is a bony bridge located over the vertebral artery on the posterior arch of the atlas. The presence of an FA can pose a risk during neurosurgery by providing a false impression of a broader posterior arch. The aim of this study was to provide the most comprehensive investigation on the prevalence of the FA and its clinically important anatomical features. METHODS Major electronic databases were searched to identify all studies that reported relevant data on the FA and the data were pooled into a meta-analysis...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619702/computerized-childbirth-monitoring-tools-for-health-care-providers-managing-labor-a-scoping-review
#6
Michael S Balikuddembe, Nazarius M Tumwesigye, Peter K Wakholi, Thorkild Tylleskär
BACKGROUND: Proper monitoring of labor and childbirth prevents many pregnancy-related complications. However, monitoring is still poor in many places partly due to the usability concerns of support tools such as the partograph. In 2011, the World Health Organization (WHO) called for the development and evaluation of context-adaptable electronic health solutions to health challenges. Computerized tools have penetrated many areas of health care, but their influence in supporting health staff with childbirth seems limited...
June 15, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610451/cognitive-function-is-largely-intact-in-methadone-maintenance-treatment-patients
#7
Odelia Elkana, Miriam Adelson, Glen M Doniger, Anat Sason, Einat Peles
OBJECTIVES: To confirm our previous findings of less cognitive impairments (based on cognitive screening tools) among Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) patients who achieved take-home dose (THD) privileges. METHODS: a random sample of 65 Israeli MMT patients were studied using computerized, age and education standardized, cognitive domains (attention, executive function, memory, motor skills), and non-computerized phonetic and semantic verbal fluency. Cognitive scores were within ±1 standard deviation (SD) of average for most domains, including non-verbal IQ, attention and motor skills...
June 14, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607456/an-advanced-deep-learning-approach-for-ki-67-stained-hotspot-detection-and-proliferation-rate-scoring-for-prognostic-evaluation-of-breast-cancer
#8
Monjoy Saha, Chandan Chakraborty, Indu Arun, Rosina Ahmed, Sanjoy Chatterjee
Being a non-histone protein, Ki-67 is one of the essential biomarkers for the immunohistochemical assessment of proliferation rate in breast cancer screening and grading. The Ki-67 signature is always sensitive to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Due to random morphological, color and intensity variations of cell nuclei (immunopositive and immunonegative), manual/subjective assessment of Ki-67 scoring is error-prone and time-consuming. Hence, several machine learning approaches have been reported; nevertheless, none of them had worked on deep learning based hotspots detection and proliferation scoring...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601572/corpus-callosum-atrophy-as-a-marker-of-clinically-meaningful-cognitive-decline-in-secondary-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-impact-on-employment-status
#9
Athanasios Papathanasiou, Lambros Messinis, Petros Zampakis, Panagiotis Papathanasopoulos
Cognitive impairment in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is more frequent and pronounced in secondary progressive MS (SPMS). Cognitive decline is an important predictor of employment status in patients with MS. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) markers have been used to associate tissue damage with cognitive dysfunction. The aim of the study was to designate the MRI marker that predicts cognitive decline in SPMS and explore its effect on employment status. 30 SPMS patients and 30 healthy participants underwent neuropsychological assessment using the Trail Making Test (TMT) parts A and B, semantic and phonological verbal fluency task and a computerized cognitive screening battery (Central Nervous System Vital Signs)...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596793/comparative-analysis-of-tongue-indices-between-patients-with-and-without-a-self-reported-yin-deficiency-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Su-Ryun Kim, Woojin Choi, Inkwon Yeo, Dong-Hyun Nam
We investigated the hypothesis that Yin-deficient patients have a reddened tongue with less coating. We screened 189 participants aged 20 to 49 years, complaining of headache. To classify patients in terms of Yin deficiency, we used two self-reporting Yin-deficiency questionnaires (Yin-Deficiency Questionnaire and Yin-Deficiency Scale) and diagnosis by a doctor. Based on the tests, a total of 33 subjects were assigned to a Yin-deficient group and 33 subjects were assigned to a nondeficient control group. Tongue images were acquired using a computerized tongue diagnostic system, for evaluating tongue indices...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589256/treatment-of-congenital-pulmonary-airway-malformations-a-systematic-review-from-the-apsa-outcomes-and-evidence-based-practice-committee
#11
Cynthia D Downard, Casey M Calkins, Regan F Williams, Elizabeth J Renaud, Tim Jancelewicz, Julia Grabowski, Roshni Dasgupta, Milissa McKee, Robert Baird, Mary T Austin, Meghan A Arnold, Adam B Goldin, Julia Shelton, Saleem Islam
PURPOSE: Variation in management characterizes treatment of infants with a congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM). This review addresses six clinically applicable questions using available evidence to provide recommendations for the treatment of these patients. METHODS: Questions regarding the management of a pediatric patient with a CPAM were generated. English language articles published between 1960 and 2014 were compiled after searching Medline and OvidSP...
June 6, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586420/appropriateness-criteria-for-the-use-of-cardiovascular-imaging-in-heart-valve-disease-in-adults-a-european-association-of-cardiovascular-imaging-report-of-literature-review-and-current-practice
#12
John B Chambers, Madalina Garbi, Koen Nieman, Saul Myerson, Luc A Pierard, Gilbert Habib, Jose Luis Zamorano, Thor Edvardsen, Patrizio Lancellotti, Dr Victoria Delgado, Prof Bernard Cosyns, Prof Erwan Donal, Dr Raluca Dulgheru, Dr Maurizio Galderisi, Dr Massimo Lombardi, Dr Denisa Muraru, Dr Philipp Kauffmann, Prof Nuno Cardim, Assoc Prof Kristina Haugaa, Dr Raphael Rosenhek
Heart valve disease is common and a major indication for imaging. Echocardiography is the first-line imaging technique for diagnosis, assessment, and serial surveillance. However, other modalities, notably cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography, are used if echocardiographic imaging is suboptimal or to obtain complementary information, particularly to aid risk assessment in individual patients. This review is a summary of current evidence for state-of-the-art clinical practice to inform appropriateness criteria for heart valve disease...
May 1, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573401/effects-of-supervised-vs-unsupervised-training-programs-on-balance-and-muscle-strength-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
André Lacroix, Tibor Hortobágyi, Rainer Beurskens, Urs Granacher
BACKGROUND: Balance and resistance training can improve healthy older adults' balance and muscle strength. Delivering such exercise programs at home without supervision may facilitate participation for older adults because they do not have to leave their homes. To date, no systematic literature analysis has been conducted to determine if supervision affects the effectiveness of these programs to improve healthy older adults' balance and muscle strength/power. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to quantify the effectiveness of supervised vs...
June 1, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571945/applying-the-lists-of-risk-drugs-for-thai-elderly-lrdte-as-a-mechanism-to-account-for-patient-age-and-medicine-severity-in-assessing-potentially-inappropriate-medication-use
#14
Vanida Prasert, Manabu Akazawa, Aiko Shono, Farsai Chanjaruporn, Chanuttha Ploylearmsang, Kamolnut Muangyim, Thanased Wattanapongsatit, Uthen Sutin
BACKGROUND: Potential inappropriate medication (PIM) prescribing is a medication that puts patients at risk rather than having benefits. PIM use has been associated with hospitalization, morbidity, and mortality resulting from ADRs in elderly patients. The Lists of Risk Drugs for Thai Elderly (LRDTE) was developed as the new screening tool to identify PIMs use. The prevalence of PIM use using the LRDTE has not been determined in Thailand. PURPOSE: The main purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of PIM use based on the LRDTE...
May 23, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566265/computerized-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-to-treat-emotional-distress-after-stroke-a-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Sara K Simblett, Matthew Yates, Adam P Wagner, Peter Watson, Fergus Gracey, Howard Ring, Andrew Bateman
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common complications following stroke. Symptoms could be treatable with psychological therapy, but there is little research on its efficacy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate (1) the acceptability and feasibility of computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (cCBT) to treat symptoms of depression and anxiety and (2) a trial design for comparing the efficacy of cCBT compared with an active comparator. METHODS: Of the total 134 people screened for symptoms of depression and anxiety following stroke, 28 were cluster randomized in blocks with an allocation ratio 2:1 to cCBT (n=19) or an active comparator of computerized cognitive remediation therapy (cCRT, n=9)...
May 31, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560191/application-of-fuzzy-logic-in-oral-cancer-risk-assessment
#16
Ioana Scrobotă, Grigore Băciuț, Adriana Gabriela Filip, Bianca Todor, Florin Blaga, Mihaela Felicia Băciuț
BACKGROUND: The mapping of the malignization mechanism is still incomplete, but oxidative stress is strongly correlated to carcinogenesis. In our research, using fuzzy logic, we aimed to estimate the oxidative stress related-cancerization risk of the oral potentially malignant disorders. METHODS: Serum from 16 patients diagnosed (clinical and histopathological) with oral potentially malignant disorders (Dept. of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery and Radiology, "Iuliu Hațieganu" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj Napoca, Romania) was processed fluorometric for malondialdehyde and proton donors assays (Dept...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553152/exhaled-breath-analysis-for-the-early-detection-of-lung-cancer-recent-developments-and-future-prospects
#17
REVIEW
Inbar Nardi-Agmon, Nir Peled
In lung cancer, the prognosis and treatment options depend directly on tumor size and its spread at the time of diagnosis. There is therefore a constant search for methods that will allow early detection of cancerous lung nodules. With advancing imaging technology and implantation of screening routines in high-risk populations by low-dose computerized tomography, a significant increase in the number of diagnosed small peripheral lesions can be expected. While early detection of small cancerous lesions carries the benefit of wider treatment options and better prognosis, the process of obtaining a biopsy to confirm a cancerous tissue is not free of complications and bears inconveniences and stress to the patient...
2017: Lung Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549669/the-iscreen-electronic-diabetes-dashboard-a-tool-to-improve-knowledge-and-implementation-of-clinical-practice-guidelines
#18
Stacy Zahanova, Alexandra Tsouka, Mark R Palmert, Farid H Mahmud
OBJECTIVES: Clinical practice guidelines (CPG) provide evidence-based recommendations for patient care but may not be optimally applied in clinical settings. As a pilot study, we evaluated the impact of a computerized, point-of-care decision support system (CDSS) on guideline knowledge and adherence in our diabetes clinic. METHODS: iSCREEN, a CDSS, integrated with a province-wide electronic health record, was designed based on the Canadian Diabetes Association 2013 Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Management of Diabetes in Canada...
May 23, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548897/evening-light-exposure-to-computer-screens-disrupts-human-sleep-biological-rhythms-and-attention-abilities
#19
A Green, M Cohen-Zion, A Haim, Y Dagan
The use of electronic devices with light-emitting screens has increased exponentially in the last decade. As a result, humans are almost continuously exposed to unintentional artificial light. We explored the independent and combined effects of two aspects of screen illumination, light wavelength, and intensity, on sleep, its biological regulation, and related functional outcomes. The 2 × 2 repeated-measure design included two independent variables: screen light intensity (low ([LI] versus high [HI]) and wavelength (short [SWL] versus long [LWL])...
May 26, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543620/squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-the-afro-caribbean-community-an-11-year-retrospective-study
#20
Nadège Cordel, Lucie Bonnecarrère, Benoit Tressières
BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is considered the most frequent skin cancer in black people. Its incidence is not known in the Afro-Caribbean population. OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of SCC in Guadeloupe, the largest island of the Lesser Antilles (405 000 inhabitants, mostly black people of African and European descent). The second objective was to characterize clinical and histological patterns of SCC occurring in the Afro-Caribbean community. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted over an 11-year period (2000-2010)...
May 22, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
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