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Computerized screening

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771474/neurocog-fx-study-a-multicenter-cohort-study-on-cognitive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-early-breast-cancer
#1
Oliver Rick, Monika Reuß-Borst, Timm Dauelsberg, Holger Hass, Volker König, Reiner Caspari, Gabriele Götz-Keil, Jürgen Pfitzner, Christa Kerschgens, Klaus Fliessbach, Christian Hoppe
OBJECTIVE: Complaints about cognitive dysfunction (CD) reportedly persist in approximately one third of breast cancer patients but the nature of CD and possible risk factors are unknown. METHODS: A cross-sectional, multicenter study was set-up at 9 German oncological rehabilitation centers. Objective cognitive performance was assessed by the NeuroCog FX test, a short computerized screening (duration <30 min) which assesses working memory, alertness, verbal/figural memory and language/executive...
May 17, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747709/polimedication-applicability-of-a-computer-tool-to-reduce-polypharmacy-in-nursing-homes
#2
Tomás M García-Caballero, Juan Lojo, Carlos Menéndez, Roberto Fernández-Álvarez, Raimundo Mateos, Alejandro Garcia-Caballero
ABSTRACTBackground:The risks of polypharmacy can be far greater than the benefits, especially in the elderly. Comorbidity makes polypharmacy very prevalent in this population; thus, increasing the occurrence of adverse effects. To solve this problem, the most common strategy is to use lists of potentially inappropriate medications. However, this strategy is time consuming. METHODS: In order to minimize the expenditure of time, our group devised a pilot computer tool (Polimedication) that automatically processes lists of medication providing the corresponding Screening Tool of Older Persons' potentially inappropriate Prescriptions alerts and facilitating standardized reports...
May 11, 2018: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746362/postpartum-depression-screening-and-referral-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#3
Lenore R Jarvis, Kristen A Breslin, Gia M Badolato, James M Chamberlain, Monika K Goyal
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the (1) proportion of screened postpartum depression (PPD)-positive mothers, (2) associated risk factors, and (3) impact of PPD screening in a pediatric emergency department (PED). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a pilot cohort study using a convenience sample of mothers (n = 209, all ages) of infant patients 6 months or younger presenting to a PED. Mothers completed a computerized survey that included the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale...
May 5, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729235/reduction-in-unnecessary-red-blood-cell-folate-testing-by-restricting-computerized-physician-order-entry-in-the-electronic-health-record
#4
Thomas E MacMillan, Patrick Gudgeon, Paul M Yip, Rodrigo B Cavalcanti
OBJECTIVE: Red blood cell folate is a laboratory test with limited clinical utility. Previous attempts to reduce physician ordering of unnecessary laboratory tests, including folate, have resulted in only modest success. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness and impacts of restricting red blood cell folate ordering in the electronic health record. METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study from January 2010 to December 2016 at a large academic healthcare network in Toronto, Canada...
May 2, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718085/role-of-computerized-screening-in-healthcare-teams-why-computerized-testing-is-not-the-death-of-neuropsychology
#5
Stephen M Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713341/use-of-telemedicine-in-addiction-treatment-current-practices-and-organizational-implementation-characteristics
#6
Todd Molfenter, Roger Brown, Andrew O'Neill, Ed Kopetsky, Alexander Toy
Telemedicine applications offer innovative approaches for treating and reducing the effects of substance use disorders (SUDs). This analysis assessed the interest in and use of 11 telemedicine applications in a sample of 363 SUD organizations in the United States of America. Fifty percent of the organizations expressed high rates of interest in seven of the telemedicine applications, demonstrating the appeal of telemedicine within this field. The top three self-reported telemedicine applications being used were (1) computerized screening/assessments (44...
2018: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706315/recurrent-streptococcus-pneumoniae-meningitis-and-mondini-dysplasia-association-or-causation
#7
Indar K Sharawat, Ananthanarayanan Kasinathan, Guru P Peruri, Arushi G Saini, Naveen Sankhyan, Akshay K Saxena, Paramjeet Singh
Mondini dysplasia is a developmental disorder of the inner ear structures and it is a rare cause of recurrent bacterial meningitis in children. A 10-year-old boy presented with acute febrile encephalopathy and right ear pain. In the past, he had suffered from two distinct episodes of pyogenic meningitis. On examination, he had signs of meningeal irritation and right ear sensorineural deafness. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and computerized tomography of the temporal bone was suggestive of Mondini dysplasia in the right ear...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697927/robotic-excision-of-complex-adrenal-mass-with-retrocaval-extension-and-encasement-of-renal-hilum-with-renal-preservation
#8
Vishnu Raveendran, Ramaprasad Manasseri Koduveli, Kishore Thekke Adiyat
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this video is to present robotic excision of a complex adrenal mass with retrocaval extension and encasement of renal hilum in a 16 year old boy. Biochemical screening was negative for metabolically active component. Computerized tomographic scan with contrast revealed a homogenous mass of approximately 10.8 cm x 6.2 cm x 4.2 cm in the suprarenal area on right side that was extend-ing behind inferior vena cava and encasing renal hilar vessels. Imaging findings were that of a classical ganglioneuroma...
April 5, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689111/inter-relationships-between-objective-handwriting-features-and-executive-control-among-children-with-developmental-dysgraphia
#9
Sara Rosenblum
OBJECTIVE: To describe handwriting and executive control features and their inter-relationships among children with developmental dysgraphia, in comparison to controls. METHOD: Participants included 64 children, aged 10-12 years, 32 with dysgraphia based on the Handwriting Proficiency Screening Questionnaire (HPSQ) and 32 matched controls. Children copied a paragraph onto paper affixed to a digitizer that supplied handwriting process objective measures (Computerized Penmanship Evaluation Tool (ComPET)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669705/diabetes-related-behavior-change-knowledge-transfer-to-primary-care-practitioners-and-patients-implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-digital-health-platform
#10
Samina Abidi, Michael Vallis, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Syed Ali Imran, Syed Sibte Raza Abidi
BACKGROUND: Behavioral science is now being integrated into diabetes self-management interventions. However, the challenge that presents itself is how to translate these knowledge resources during care so that primary care practitioners can use them to offer evidence-informed behavior change support and diabetes management recommendations to patients with diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a computerized decision support platform called "Diabetes Web-Centric Information and Support Environment" (DWISE) that assists primary care practitioners in applying standardized behavior change strategies and clinical practice guidelines-based recommendations to an individual patient and empower the patient with the skills and knowledge required to self-manage their diabetes through planned, personalized, and pervasive behavior change strategies...
April 18, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663023/grasping-trajectories-in-a-virtual-environment-adhere-to-weber-s-law
#11
Aviad Ozana, Sigal Berman, Tzvi Ganel
Virtual-reality and telerobotic devices simulate local motor control of virtual objects within computerized environments. Here, we explored grasping kinematics within a virtual environment and tested whether, as in normal 3D grasping, trajectories in the virtual environment are performed analytically, violating Weber's law with respect to object's size. Participants were asked to grasp a series of 2D objects using a haptic system, which projected their movements to a virtual space presented on a computer screen...
April 16, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656804/tools-to-screen-and-measure-cognitive-impairment-after-surgery-and-anesthesia
#12
Sérgio Vide, Pedro L Gambús
Cognition is essential to all aspects of our everyday life. Although we take our cognitive function for granted, the perioperative period is prone to several aggressions that might impair it. Postoperative cognitive dysfunction, has been the aim of many studies recently, and was shown to be very common with an incidence that can reach 40%, yielding not only impairment in cognition, but also longer hospital stays, higher costs and greater mortality. While several studies have revealed some of the mechanisms contributing to postoperative cognitive dysfunction, the search for the perfect instrument to screen and measure cognitive (dys)function has proven more elusive...
April 12, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650310/electronic-health-record-with-computerized-decision-support-tools-for-the-purposes-of-a-pediatric-cardiovascular-heart-disease-screening-program-in-crete
#13
Ilias Chatzakis, Kostas Vassilakis, Christos Lionis, Ioannis Germanakis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Early detection of cardiovascular (CV) disease or associated risk factors during childhood is of paramount importance, allowing for early treatment or lifestyle modifications, respectively. The objective of this study was to describe the development of an electronic health record (EHR), with integrated computerized decision support system (CDSS), specifically designed for supporting the needs of a pilot pediatric CV disease screening program applied on primary school students of a Mediterranean island...
June 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614297/eeg-based-neglect-assessment-a-feasibility-study
#14
Aya Khalaf, Jessica Kersey, Safaa Eldeeb, Gazihan Alankus, Emily Grattan, Laura Waterstram, Elizabeth Skidmore, Murat Akcakaya
BACKGROUND: Spatial neglect (SN) is a neuropsychological syndrome that impairs automatic attention orienting to stimuli in the contralesional visual space of stroke patients. SN is commonly assessed using paper and pencil tests. Recently, computerized tests have been proposed to provide a dynamic assessment of SN. However, both paper- and computer-based methods have limitations. NEW METHOD: Electroencephalography (EEG) shows promise for overcoming the limitations of current assessment methods The aim of this work is to introduce an objective passive BCI system that records EEG signals in response to visual stimuli appearing in random locations on a screen with a dynamically changing background...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611405/vocalization-of-emotional-and-social-expressions-in-korean-speaking-toddlers-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-those-with-developmental-delay
#15
Kyung Sook Lee, Yee Jin Shin, Hee Jeong Yoo, Gui Jong Lee, Jeong Ryu, Oweol Son, Sook Whan Cho
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the development of socializing and emotional expressions through vocalizations and joint attention (JA) behaviors in Korean-speaking children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), compared to those with developmental delay (DD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Video samples were collected from 28 toddlers with ASD and 18 age-matched toddlers with DD, and vocalizations were each coded in detail for the purpose of this retrospective research...
May 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603675/automated-screening-of-papanicolaou-tests-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
Michael J Thrall
Automated Papanicolaou test screening systems have now been available for over 25 years. Currently two automated screening systems are in widespread clinical use. These are the ThinPrep Imaging System and the FocalPoint GS Imaging System. In their current configurations, both facilitate faster screening by showing a limited number of fields of view (FOV) to cytotechnologists. The FOV are based on the use of proprietary algorithms applied to computerized images of the slide that determine the cells and cell groups with the highest likelihood of abnormality...
March 30, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596282/intimate-partner-violence-educational-materials-in-the-acute-care-setting-acceptability-and-impact-on-female-caregiver-attitudes-toward-screening
#17
Kimberly A Randell, Ashley Sherman, Irene Walsh, Donna OʼMalley, Mary Denise Dowd
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine acceptability of intimate partner violence (IPV) materials and effect of the materials on caregiver attitudes toward IPV screening. METHODS: We used an anonymous computerized survey to assess approval of IPV materials and screening, and willingness to disclose IPV in response to screening among mothers bringing a child to an urban pediatric emergency department or 2 suburban pediatric urgent care centers affiliated with a free-standing academic children's hospital...
March 28, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572204/rapid-and-accurate-behavioral-health-diagnostic-screening-initial-validation-study-of-a-web-based-self-report-tool-the-sage-sr
#18
Benjamin Brodey, Susan E Purcell, Karen Rhea, Philip Maier, Michael First, Lisa Zweede, Manuela Sinisterra, M Brad Nunn, Marie-Paule Austin, Inger S Brodey
BACKGROUND: The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID) is considered the gold standard assessment for accurate, reliable psychiatric diagnoses; however, because of its length, complexity, and training required, the SCID is rarely used outside of research. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to describe the development and initial validation of a Web-based, self-report screening instrument (the Screening Assessment for Guiding Evaluation-Self-Report, SAGE-SR) based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) and the SCID-5-Clinician Version (CV) intended to make accurate, broad-based behavioral health diagnostic screening more accessible within clinical care...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567049/detection-of-pathological-voice-using-cepstrum-vectors-a-deep-learning-approach
#19
Shih-Hau Fang, Yu Tsao, Min-Jing Hsiao, Ji-Ying Chen, Ying-Hui Lai, Feng-Chuan Lin, Chi-Te Wang
OBJECTIVES: Computerized detection of voice disorders has attracted considerable academic and clinical interest in the hope of providing an effective screening method for voice diseases before endoscopic confirmation. This study proposes a deep-learning-based approach to detect pathological voice and examines its performance and utility compared with other automatic classification algorithms. METHODS: This study retrospectively collected 60 normal voice samples and 402 pathological voice samples of 8 common clinical voice disorders in a voice clinic of a tertiary teaching hospital...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552633/improving-the-quality-of-cognitive-screening-assessments-acemobile-an-ipad-based-version-of-the-addenbrooke-s-cognitive-examination-iii
#20
Craig G J Newman, Adam D Bevins, John P Zajicek, John R Hodges, Emil Vuillermoz, Jennifer M Dickenson, Denise S Kelly, Simona Brown, Rupert F Noad
Introduction: Ensuring reliable administration and reporting of cognitive screening tests are fundamental in establishing good clinical practice and research. This study captured the rate and type of errors in clinical practice, using the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-III (ACE-III), and then the reduction in error rate using a computerized alternative, the ACEmobile app. Methods: In study 1, we evaluated ACE-III assessments completed in National Health Service (NHS) clinics ( n  = 87) for administrator error...
2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
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