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urinary way infection

Michitaka Funayama, Taketo Takata, Akihiro Koreki, Satoyuki Ogino, Masaru Mimura
OBJECTIVE: Although catatonia can occur secondary to a general medical condition, catatonia itself has been known to lead to various medical compolications. Although case reports on the association of catatonia with subsequent medical complications have been documented, no comprehensive large-scale study has been performed. To investigate specific medical complications following catatonia, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of specific medical complications of schizophrenia patients with catatonia...
March 8, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
Ishita Sarkar, Madhumita Dobe, Aparajita Dasgupta, Rivu Basu, Bhaskar Shahbabu
Background: Menstrual hygiene is a neglected issue in rural India. Lack of menstrual hygiene in adolescent girls can make them susceptible to various morbidities, for example, reproductive tract infection and urinary tract infection and their long-term consequences, for example, cervical cancer, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy. This study aims to find out the determinants of menstrual hygiene among the school going adolescent girls in a rural area of West Bengal. Objectives: To elicit the menstrual hygiene practices among the study population and to find out the association of poor menstrual hygiene practices with sociodemographic factors, such as age, occupation and education of the parents, housing, and presence of sanitary toilet...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Vishvanath Tiwari, Monalisa Tiwari, Deepika Biswas
Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the ESKAPE pathogen, which causes pneumonia, urinary tract infections, and is linked to high degree of morbidity and mortality. One-way antibiotic and disinfectant resistance is acquired by the activation of RecA-mediated DNA repair (SOS-response) that maintain ROS-dependent DNA damage caused by these anti-bacterial molecules. To increase the efficacy of different anti-microbial, there is a need to design an inhibitor against RecA of A. baumannii. We have performed homology modeling to generate the structure of RecA, followed by model refinement and validation...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Antibiotics
Bishnu Rath Giri, Ram Hari Chapagain, Samana Sharma, Sandeep Shrestha, Sunita Ghimire, P Ravi Shankar
BACKGROUND: Earthquakes impact child health in many ways. Diseases occurring immediately following an earthquake have been studied in field based hospitals but studies on the inpatient disease pattern among children without trauma in a permanent hospital setup is lacking. METHODS: We examined the diagnoses of all children without trauma, admitted to Kanti Children's Hospital, Kathmandu for fifteen-week duration (from 4th week to end of the 18th week) following the 7...
February 5, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Allison Gates, Jocelyn Shulhan, Robin Featherstone, Shannon D Scott, Lisa Hartling
OBJECTIVE: As a first step toward the development of an animated video and infographic to increase parents' knowledge of pediatric urinary tract infections (UTIs), we conducted a systematic review of their experiences and information needs. METHODS: We searched Ovid Medline, Ovid PsycINFO, CINAHL, and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Global for studies published in 2000 or thereafter. We appraised quality using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. We summarised the quantitative data narratively and the qualitative data thematically...
January 30, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
Terrie Beeson, Carmen Davis
BACKGROUND: Strategies to decrease use of female indwelling urinary catheters and catheter-associated urinary tract infections are challenging due to the limited availability of proper fitting external collection devices. Female urinary incontinence predisposes the skin to potential pain, itching, burning, infection, or pressure injuries. CASE STUDIES: This article discusses 3 patients' trajectory of care with use of an external female urinary collection device...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
Andrew Gammie, Mathilde Kaper, Achim Steup, Satoshi Yoshida, Caroline Dorrepaal, Ton Kos, Paul Abrams
AIMS: This study aimed to identify signs and symptoms which show differences between men with detrusor underactivity (DU) compared to those with both DU and bladder outlet obstruction (BOO). METHODS: One thousand six hundred and twelve urodynamic tests on male patients were analyzed retrospectively. Signs and symptoms which showed a statistically significant difference between patients with DU alone and patients with both DU+BOO were identified. RESULTS: In the DU only group, considering only patients without a history of bladder outlet surgery, the number of daytime micturitions was lower, maximum voided volume on the bladder diary was higher, and slow stream was reported less often, whereas urinary tract infections were reported more often than for DU+BOO males...
January 22, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Astha Panghal, Aakash Pandita, Girish Gupta, Kirti Naranje, Anita Singh
A recent paper by Herreros et al in Acta Paediatrica reported, for the first time, that performing a dipstick test on a clean-catch urine sample was an accurate way of diagnosing a urinary tract infection (UTI) in a febrile infant under 90 days of age (1), without the need for invasive procedures. We have a number of comments on this study. It would have been useful to know how old the youngest infants were and the duration of unexplained fever. In addition, they used low-risk Rochester criteria to select the infants and one criterion is normal urinalysis, which may have affected the consistency of the study...
December 27, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
Gemma Nightingale, Qasem Shehab, Chandrakumaran Kandiah, Lorraine Rush, Clare Rowe-Jones, Christian H Phillips
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether sexual dysfunction in women with recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTI) improved following treatment with intravesical Hyaluronic Acid (HA) instillations. STUDY DESIGN: Ethical approval was obtained for a prospective study to be performed. Patients referred for bladder instillations to treat RUTI, and who were sexually active, were recruited to the study. A selection of validated questionnaires (ICIQ-UI, ICIQ-VS, FSDS-R, ICIQ-FLUTS, O'Leary/Sant and PGI-I) were completed at baseline, three, six and 12 months after initiation of treatment with bladder instillations...
December 15, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Yassaman Kazemi, Seyed Abolghasem Mirroshandel
The high morbidity rate associated with kidney stone disease, which is a silent killer, is one of the main concerns in healthcare systems all over the world. Advanced data mining techniques such as classification can help in the early prediction of this disease and reduce its incidence and associated costs. The objective of the present study is to derive a model for the early detection of the type of kidney stone and the most influential parameters with the aim of providing a decision-support system. Information was collected from 936 patients with nephrolithiasis at the kidney center of the Razi Hospital in Rasht from 2012 through 2016...
December 11, 2017: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
William O'Connell, Jay Shah, Jason Mitchell, J David Prologo, Louis Martin, Michael J Miller, Jonathan G Martin
Biliary and urinary obstructions can be managed endoscopically or cystoscopically, surgically or by percutansous intervention or drainage. If the obtructed system is infected, emergent decompression is needed. Early recognition and treatment is paramount in both conditions. Acute cholangitis can present many different ways, from mild symptoms to fulminant sepsis. It is usually a result of ascending bacterial colonization and biliary obstruction resulting in bacterial overgrowth. Therefore, those patients with recent biliary instrumentation or previous biliary modification are at higher risk...
December 2017: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
P Charlier, F Bou Abdallah, L Brun, V Hoang-Oppermann, S Deo, Y Mostefai-Dulac, M-F Mamzer, C Hervé
BACKGROUND: In the medical anthropology section of the Nanterre Hospital (France) for migrants and refugees, three cases were recorded of "virgin cleansing" in sub-Saharan African countries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: These consisted of sexual assaults (2 instances of rape and 1 of sexual interference) on sexually immature females (young girls) by patients with sexually transmitted infections (mainly HIV, syphilis) hoping they might thereby be cured. DISCUSSION: These particularly atrocious hetero-aggressive sexual practices based on magical arguments are unfortunately universal and are not limited to a specific culture...
December 5, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Didem Kart, Ayşe Semra Kustimur, Meral Sağıroğlu, Ayşe Kalkancı
BACKGROUND: Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Candida albicans biofilms are major causes of catheter-associated urinary tract infections. Antimicrobial-coated or impregnated urinary catheters are seen as a possible way to prevent these infections. AIMS: To determine the biofilm-forming ability of 89 E. faecalis isolates from urinary tract infections and to compare several urinary catheters for antimicrobial durability and the inhibitory effects on biofilm formation of different laboratory strains and clinical isolates of E...
December 1, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
Ruizhe Zhao, Xingjie Wang, Chenyi Jiang, Fei Shi, Yiping Zhu, Boyu Yang, Jian Zhuo, Yifeng Jing, Guangheng Luo, Shujie Xia, Bangmin Han
OBJECTIVES: Urinary tract infection, urinary frequency, urgency, urodynia and haemorrhage are common post-operative complications of thulium laser resection of the prostate (TmLRP). Our study mainly focuses on the role of finasteride in prostate wound healing through AR signalling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TmLRP beagles were randomly distributed into different treatment groups. Serum and intra-prostatic testosterone and DHT level were determined. Histological analysis was conducted to study the re-epithelialization and inflammatory response of the prostatic urethra in each group...
November 30, 2017: Cell Proliferation
Leonardo Spatola, Silvia Finazzi, Claudio Angelini, Marco Dauriz, Salvatore Badalamenti
Diabetes is a complex disease of increasingly common occurrence worldwide. Attaining optimal glycemic control is the main challenge to prevent the development of diabetes-related complications and/or to stop their progression. In recent years, the pharmacologic toolkit for the treatment of diabetes has considerably expanded, thus paving the way to more pathophysiology-oriented therapies. For instance, the sodium-glucose cotransporters SGLT2 and SGLT1 have been in the spotlight because of better knowledge of their physiology and therapeutic potential...
February 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
James J Wu, Joshua A Way, Guy D Eslick, Michael R Cox
BACKGROUND: Recent NICE guidelines recommend open surgical approaches for the treatment of primary unilateral inguinal hernias. However, many surgeons perform a laparoscopic approach based on the advantages of less post-operative pain and faster recovery. Our aim was to examine current evidence comparing transabdominal pre-peritoneal (TAPP) laparoscopic repair and open surgical repair for primary inguinal hernias. METHODS: A systematic search of six electronic databases was conducted for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing TAPP and open repair for primary unilateral inguinal hernia...
October 11, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
Carolyn H Dawson, Melanie Gallo, Kate Prevc
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are the second-largest group of healthcare-associated infections (HCAI). The Saving Lives Urinary Catheter Care Bundle was introduced to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI). In response, we implemented a catheter care group to examine ways to improve catheter care in an acute hospital NHS Trust. METHODS: We adopted a multimodal approach, revolving around four components: (1) Catheter Care Pathway; (2) HOUDINI checklist; (3) catheter magnets; and (4) use of bladder ultrasound scanners...
March 2017: Journal of Infection Prevention
Fatemeh Farzaneh, Amir Houshang Mehrparvar, Mohammad Hassan Lotfi
BACKGROUND: Bladder cancer is the most common cancer of the urinary tract, with known occupational causes. The most effective way to prevent occupational cancers of the urinary tract is to prevent exposure to known carcinogens. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between occupation and the risk of bladder cancer. METHODS: This case-control study was performed on 200 patients with bladder cancer and 200 healthy individuals in Yazd. Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire and based on interviews with patients and controls...
October 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Harvey Winkler, Karny Jacoby, Susan Kalota, Jeffrey Snyder, Kevin Cline, Kaiser Robertson, Randall Kahan, Lonny Green, Kurt McCammon, Eric Rovner, Charles Rardin
OBJECTIVES: The "Stress Incontinence Control, Efficacy and Safety Study" (SUCCESS) is a phase III study of the Vesair Balloon in women with stress urinary incontinence who had failed conservative therapy, and either failed surgery, were not candidates for surgery, or chose not to have surgery. The safety and efficacy of the balloon at 12 months is reported for those participants in the treatment arm who elected to continue with the SUCCESS trial beyond the primary end point at 3 months...
September 26, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Amy R Stuck, Christopher Crowley, James Killeen, Edward M Castillo
BACKGROUND: Emergency departments (EDs) in the United States play a prominent role in hospital admissions, especially for the growing population of older adults. Home-based care, rather than hospital admission from the ED, provides an important alternative, especially for older adults who have a greater risk of adverse events, such as hospital-acquired infections, falls, and delirium. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the survey was to understand emergency physicians' (EPs) perspectives on home-based care alternatives to hospitalization from the ED...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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