keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

urinary way infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867961/cardio-renal-protection-with-empagliflozin
#1
Richard J MacIsaac, George Jerums, Elif I Ekinci
Cardiovascular (CV) and kidney disease are common and significant complications in people with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). CV disease is the leading cause of death, morbidly and hospitalisations for people with T2DM. Furthermore, diabetic kidney disease is a major risk factor for CV disease and is the main reason why patients need renal replacement therapy. In this perspective, we highlight the results of the recent landmark EMPA-REG OUTCOME trial which has shown that empagliflozin, a member of the sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitor class of glucose lowering medications, reduces death from CV causes, hospitalisation for heart failure and progression to end stage kidney disease in patients with T2DM and established CV disease...
October 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790344/factors-associated-with-preterm-labor-in-hormozgan-province-in-2013
#2
Nasibeh Roozbeh, Soheila Moradi, Shirin Soltani, Fatemeh Zolfizadeh, Mehdi Tadris Hasani, Asiyeh Pormehr Yabandeh
INTRODUCTION: Preterm labor is the main cause of infants' death, and the main reason for undesirable consequences of pregnancy which still occur in some births, despite all of the interventions in this regard. The aim of this study was to evaluate every preterm birth and determine its maternal risk factors in Hormozgan province in 2013. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted in 2013 on the health and hospital records of 735 pregnant mothers with preterm labor (20-37 weeks) which were located in Bandar Abbas in southeast Iran...
September 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777984/molecular-epidemiology-of-colonizing-and-infecting-isolates-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae
#3
Rebekah M Martin, Jie Cao, Sylvain Brisse, Virginie Passet, Weisheng Wu, Lili Zhao, Preeti N Malani, Krishna Rao, Michael A Bachman
Klebsiella pneumoniae is among the most common causes of hospital-acquired infections and has emerged as an urgent threat to public health due to carbapenem antimicrobial resistance. K. pneumoniae commonly colonizes hospitalized patients and causes extraintestinal infections such as urinary tract infection, bloodstream infection (septicemia), and pneumonia. If colonization is an intermediate step before infection, then detection and characterization of colonizing isolates could enable strategies to prevent or empirically treat K...
September 2016: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624932/modern-diagnostic-methods-for-urinary-tract-infections
#4
Moritz Fritzenwanker, Can Imirzalioglu, Trinad Chakraborty, Florian M Wagenlehner
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections and constitute for a considerable number of all antibiotic prescriptions. The surge of multi-resistant bacteria has significantly complicated empirical treatment leading to wide use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, further driving resistance development. New ways to detect and quantify host and bacterial molecules in urine promise opportunities to improve diagnostics of UTIs, which can translate to new approaches in treatment regimens...
November 2016: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579830/estimated-budget-impact-of-increased-use-of-mirabegron-a-novel-treatment-for-overactive-bladder
#5
Sinem Perk, Ronald C Wielage, Noll L Campbell, Timothy M Klein, Anthony Perkins, Linda M Posta, Thomas Yuran, Robert W Klein, Daniel B Ng
BACKGROUND: Oral pharmacological treatment for overactive bladder (OAB) consists of antimuscarinics and the beta-3 adrenergic agonist mirabegron. Antimuscarinic adverse events (AEs) such as dry mouth, constipation, and blurry vision can result in frequent treatment discontinuation rates, leaving part of the OAB population untreated. Antimuscarinics also contribute to a patient's anticholinergic cognitive burden (ACB), so the Beers Criteria recommends cautious use of antimuscarinics in elderly patients who take multiple anticholinergic medications or have cognitive impairment...
September 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574750/estimated-budget-impact-of-increased-use-of-mirabegron-a-novel-treatment-for-overactive-bladder
#6
Sinem Perk, Ronald C Wielage, Noll L Campbell, Timothy M Klein, Anthony Perkins, Linda M Posta, Thomas Yuran, Robert W Klein, Daniel B Ng
BACKGROUND: Oral pharmacological treatment for overactive bladder (OAB) consists of antimuscarinics and the beta-3 adrenergic agonist mirabegron. Antimuscarinic adverse events (AEs) such as dry mouth, constipation, and blurry vision can result in frequent treatment discontinuation rates, leaving part of the OAB population untreated. Antimuscarinics also contribute to a patient's anticholinergic cognitive burden (ACB), so the Beers Criteria recommends cautious use of antimuscarinics in elderly patients who take multiple anticholinergic medications or have cognitive impairment...
September 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514147/-the-role-of-mother-s-milk-and-breast-feeding-medical-problems-during-the-lactation-period-lactobacilus-fermentum-a-new-approach-towards-the-prevention-and-the-treatment-of-acute-and-subacute-mastitis
#7
B Popova, D Mitev, A Nikolov
Breast feeding provides a lot of short and long-term benefits for the mother and the baby. It prevents the baby of gastrointestinal, urinary and respiratory infections, atopical conditions and assures long-term protection of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. The breast feeding decreases the risk for the mother of ovary and breast carcinoma and creates a positive emotional bond between the mother and the baby Mother's milk is a species specific; its content is relatively stable regardless of mother's age race, way and place of living...
2016: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506475/gsh-induced-controlled-release-of-levofloxacin-from-a-purpose-built-prodrug-luminescence-response-for-probing-the-drug-release-in-escherichia-coli-and-staphylococcus-aureus
#8
Suman Pal, Vadde Ramu, Nandaraj Taye, Devraj G Mogare, Amar M Yeware, Dhiman Sarkar, D Srinivasa Reddy, Samit Chattopadhyay, Amitava Das
Fluoroquinolones are third-generation broad spectrum bactericidal antibiotics and work against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Levofloxacin (L), a fluoroquinolone, is widely used in anti-infective chemotherapy and treatment of urinary tract infection and pneumonia. The main pathogen for urinary tract infections is Escherichia coli, and Streptococcus pneumoniae is responsible for pneumonia, predominantly a lower respiratory tract infection. Poor permeability of L leads to the use of higher dose of this drug and excess drug in the outer cellular fluid leads to central nervous system (CNS) abnormality...
September 21, 2016: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27498186/how-optimal-caseload-midwifery-can-modify-predictors-for-preterm-birth-in-young-women-integrated-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
J Allen, S Kildea, H Stapleton
OBJECTIVE: to identify possible mechanisms by which caseload midwifery reduces preterm birth for young childbearing women. DESIGN: a mixed methods triangulation, convergence design was used to answer the research question 'How does the way maternity care is provided affect the health and well-being of young women and their babies?' The project generated quantitative and qualitative findings which were collected and analysed concurrently then separately analysed and published...
October 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488519/how-randomised-trials-have-improved-the-care-of-children-with-kidney-disease
#10
Elisabeth M Hodson, Jonathan C Craig
Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) provide the most reliable way to evaluate the benefits and harms of interventions. Participants are divided into groups using methods that balance the characteristics (both known and unknown) of the participants between treatment groups; thus, differences in outcomes are due to the interventions administered. From Cochrane Kidney and Transplant's Specialised Register, a comprehensive registry of trials in kidney disease, we identified 482 trials involving children. The vast majority concerned urinary tract infection (UTI; 134) and nephrotic syndrome (136)...
August 3, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27383743/an-evidence-based-antimicrobial-stewardship-smartphone-app-for-hospital-outpatients-survey-based-needs-assessment-among-patients
#11
Christianne Micallef, Monsey McLeod, Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Myriam Gharbi, Esmita Charani, Luke Sp Moore, Mark Gilchrist, Fran Husson, Ceire Costelloe, Alison H Holmes
BACKGROUND: Current advances in modern technology have enabled the development and utilization of electronic medical software apps for both mobile and desktop computing devices. A range of apps on a large variety of clinical conditions for patients and the public are available, but very few target antimicrobials or infections. OBJECTIVE: We sought to explore the use of different antimicrobial information resources with a focus on electronic platforms, including apps for portable devices, by outpatients at two large, geographically distinct National Health Service (NHS) teaching hospital trusts in England...
2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344075/-interest-of-amoxicillin-clavulanic-acid-combination-in-urology-an-update
#12
F Bruyère, A Dihn, A Sotto
OBJECTIVE: This is a review article aiming to bring the place and manner of use of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid in urology. METHOD: Data collection on the conditions of use of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid in urology has been performed from the Medline database. The following keywords were used: amoxicillin; clavulanic acid; urine; diffusion; pharmacokinetics. The selection was based on the methodology, language of publication (English/French), relevance to the topic and date of publication of the articles collected...
June 2016: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303714/upregulation-of-the-adhesin-gene-epa1-mediated-by-pdr1-in-candida-glabrata-leads-to-enhanced-host-colonization
#13
Luis A Vale-Silva, Beat Moeckli, Riccardo Torelli, Brunella Posteraro, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Dominique Sanglard
Candida glabrata is the second most common Candida species causing disseminated infection, after C. albicans. C. glabrata is intrinsically less susceptible to the widely used azole antifungal drugs and quickly develops secondary resistance. Resistance typically relies on drug efflux with transporters regulated by the transcription factor Pdr1. Gain-of-function (GOF) mutations in PDR1 lead to a hyperactive state and thus efflux transporter upregulation. Our laboratory has characterized a collection of C. glabrata clinical isolates in which azole resistance was found to correlate with increased virulence in vivo...
March 2016: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27168893/quality-improvement-focused-departmental-grand-rounds-reports-a-strategy-to-engage-general-surgery-residents
#14
Jonathan S Abelson, Katrina B Mitchell, Cheguevera Afaneh, Barrie S Rich, Theresa J Frey, Carol Gellman, Alfons Pomp, Fabrizio Michelassi
Background Many institutions are seeking ways to enhance their surgical trainees' quality improvement (QI) skills. Objective To educate trainees about the importance of lifelong performance improvement, chief residents at New York Presbyterian Hospital-Weill Cornell Medicine are members of a multidisciplinary QI team tasked with improving surgical outcomes. We describe the process and the results of this effort. Methods Our analysis used 2 data sources to assess complication rates: the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) and ECOMP, our own internal complication database...
May 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27166221/the-use-appropriateness-and-outcomes-of-outpatient-parenteral-antimicrobial-therapy
#15
Kate A Hodgson, Julie Huynh, Laila F Ibrahim, Bronwyn Sacks, Daniel Golshevsky, Michael Layley, Mark Spagnolo, Chin-Mae Raymundo, Penelope A Bryant
OBJECTIVE: Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) is increasingly used to treat children at home, but studies in children are scarce. We aimed to describe the use, appropriateness and outcomes of OPAT in children. DESIGN: This was a 12-month prospective observational study. SETTING: The hospital-in-the-home programme of The Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne. PATIENTS: All patients receiving OPAT. INTERVENTIONS: Data were collected including demographics, diagnosis, type of venous access and antibiotic choice...
October 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27158502/structures-of-c-mannosylated-anti-adhesives-bound-to-the-type-1-fimbrial-fimh-adhesin
#16
Jerome de Ruyck, Marc F Lensink, Julie Bouckaert
Selective inhibitors of the type 1 fimbrial adhesin FimH are recognized as attractive alternatives for antibiotic therapies and prophylaxes against Escherichia coli infections such as urinary-tract infections. To construct these inhibitors, the α-d-mannopyranoside of high-mannose N-glycans, recognized with exclusive specificity on glycoprotein receptors by FimH, forms the basal structure. A hydrophobic aglycon is then linked to the mannose by the O1 oxygen inherently present in the α-anomeric configuration...
May 1, 2016: IUCrJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27101580/making-research-results-relevant-and-useable-presenting-complex-organizational-context-data-to-nonresearch-stakeholders-in-the-nursing-home-setting
#17
Carole A Estabrooks, Jennifer A Knopp-Sihota, Greta G Cummings, Peter G Norton
BACKGROUND: The success of evidence-based practice depends on clearly and effectively communicating often complex data to stakeholders. In our program of research, Translating Research in Elder Care (TREC), we focus on improving the quality and safety of care delivered to nursing home residents in western Canada. More specifically, we investigate associations among organizational context, the use of best practices and resident outcomes. Our data are complex and we have been challenged with presenting these data in a way that is not only intuitive, but also useful for our stakeholders...
August 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27053002/intermittent-catheterization-in-neurologic-patients-update-on-genitourinary-tract-infection-and-urethral-trauma
#18
X Biardeau, J Corcos
Intermittent catheterization is considered the standard of care in most neurologic patients with lower urinary tract disorders. However, in this context, genitourinary tract infection and urethral trauma represent specific challenges. Such conditions have been found to significantly deteriorate quality of life and complicate subsequent treatments. Only optimal prevention associated with appropriate treatment allows for the long-term continuation of such bladder management. Here, we discuss the diagnosis and therapeutic and preventive approaches associated with genitourinary tract infection and urethral trauma in this specific population...
April 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27002263/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-urinary-tract-infection-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#19
C Ruangkit, Ankita Satpute, B A Vogt, C Hoyen, S Viswanathan
OBJECTIVES: To describe the incidence and associated risk factors of urinary tract infection (UTI) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and to determine the value of diagnostic imaging studies after the first UTI episode before discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: VLBW infants born during 2003-2012 were reviewed for UTI. In a nested case-control study, potential risk factors of UTI were compared between infants with UTI (cases) versus birth weight and gestational age matched controls...
2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26951923/comparison-of-the-microbiological-milieu-of-patients-randomized-to-either-hydrophilic-or-conventional-pvc-catheters-for-clean-intermittent-catheterization
#20
Elizabeth J Lucas, Cheryl Baxter, Chandra Singh, Ahmad Z Mohamed, Birong Li, Jingwen Zhang, Venkata R Jayanthi, Stephen A Koff, Brian VanderBrink, Sheryl S Justice
INTRODUCTION: Control of bacteriuria is problematic in patients who perform clean intermittent catheterization for management of neurogenic bladder. This population is often burdened with multiple urinary tract infections (UTIs), placing them at increased risk of end-stage renal disease. Hydrophilic catheters are a potential way to improve smooth and clean insertion, reduce disruption of the urothelium, and reduce bacterial colonization. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the study was to compare the type and virulence of microorganisms recovered from the urine of patients that use either a hydrophilic or conventional polyvinyl chloride (PVC) catheter...
June 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
keyword
keyword
67316
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"