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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335369/effect-of-nano-sio%C3%A2-on-the-hydration-and-microstructure-of-portland-cement
#1
Liguo Wang, Dapeng Zheng, Shupeng Zhang, Hongzhi Cui, Dongxu Li
This paper systematically studied the modification of cement-based materials by nano-SiO₂ particles with an average diameter of about 20 nm. In order to obtain the effect of nano-SiO₂ particles on the mechanical properties, hydration, and pore structure of cement-based materials, adding 1%, 3%, and 5% content of nano-SiO₂ in cement paste, respectively. The results showed that the reaction of nano-SiO₂ particles with Ca(OH)₂ (crystal powder) started within 1 h, and formed C-S-H gel. The reaction speed was faster after aging for three days...
December 15, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335329/nanoparticle-based-delivery-of-anaplasma-marginale-membrane-proteins-virb9-1-and-virb10-produced-in-the-pichia-pastoris-expression-system
#2
Bing Zhang, Antonio S Cavallaro, Karishma T Mody, Jun Zhang, James R Deringer, Wendy C Brown, Timothy J Mahony, Chengzhong Yu, Neena Mitter
Bovine anaplasmosis or cattle-tick fever is a tick-borne haemolytic disease caused by the rickettsial haemoparasite Anaplasma marginale in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. While difficult to express, the proteins VirB9-1 and VirB10 are immunogenic components of the outer membrane type IV secretion system that have been identified as candidate antigens for vaccines targeting of A. marginale. Soluble VirB9-1 and VirB10 were successfully expressed using Pichia pastoris. When formulated with the self-adjuvanting silica vesicles, SV-100 (diameter: 50 nm, and pore entrance size: 6 nm), 200 µg of VirB9-1 and VirB10 were adsorbed per milligram of nanoparticle...
November 5, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335328/investigation-of-the-mechanical-properties-and-microstructure-of-graphene-nanoplatelet-cement-composite
#3
Baomin Wang, Ruishuang Jiang, Zhenlin Wu
In this work, graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) were dispersed uniformly in aqueous solution using methylcellulose (MC) as a dispersing agent via ultrasonic processing. Homogenous GNP suspensions were incorporated into the cement matrix to investigate the effect of GNPs on the mechanical behavior of cement paste. The optimum concentration ratio of GNPs to MC was confirmed as 1:7 by ultraviolet visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis), and the optical microscope and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images displayed remarkable dispersing performance...
November 4, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335279/a-novel-polyvinylidene-fluoride-tree-like-nanofiber-membrane-for-microfiltration
#4
Zongjie Li, Weimin Kang, Huihui Zhao, Min Hu, Na Wei, Jiuan Qiu, Bowen Cheng
A novel polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) tree-like nanofiber membrane (PVDF-TLNM) was fabricated by adding tetrabutylammonium chloride (TBAC) into a PVDF spinning solution via one-step electrospinning. The structure of the prepared membranes was characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and pore size analysis, and the hydrophilic property and microfiltration performance were also evaluated. The results showed that the tree-like nanofiber was composed of trunk fibers and branch fibers with diameters of 100-500 nm and 5-100 nm, respectively...
August 19, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335254/quaternized-chitosan-capped-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-as-nanocarriers-for-controlled-pesticide-release
#5
Lidong Cao, Huirong Zhang, Chong Cao, Jiakun Zhang, Fengmin Li, Qiliang Huang
Nanotechnology-based pesticide formulations would ensure effective utilization of agricultural inputs. In the present work, mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) with particle diameters of ~110 nm and pore sizes of ~3.7 nm were synthesized via a liquid crystal templating mechanism. A water-soluble chitosan (CS) derivative (N-(2-hydroxyl)propyl-3-trimethyl ammonium CS chloride, HTCC) was successfully capped on the surface of pyraclostrobin-loaded MSNs. The physicochemical and structural analyses showed that the electrostatic interactions and hydrogen bonding were the major forces responsible for the formation of HTCC-capped MSNs...
June 28, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334815/gcn5-mediated-rph1-acetylation-regulates-its-autophagic-degradation-under-dna-damage-stress
#6
Feng Li, Liang-De Zheng, Xin Chen, Xiaolu Zhao, Scott D Briggs, Hai-Ning Du
Histone modifiers regulate proper cellular activities in response to various environmental stress by modulating gene expression. In budding yeast, Rph1 transcriptionally represses many DNA damage or autophagy-related gene expression. However, little is known how Rph1 is regulated during these stress conditions. Here, we report that Rph1 is degraded upon DNA damage stress conditions. Notably, this degradation occurs via the autophagy pathway rather than through 26S proteasome proteolysis. Deletion of ATG genes or inhibition of vacuole protease activity compromises Rph1 turnover...
February 21, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334604/the-potential-role-of-gap-junctional-plasticity-in-the-regulation-of-state
#7
REVIEW
Philippe Coulon, Carole E Landisman
Electrical synapses are the functional correlate of gap junctions and allow transmission of small molecules and electrical current between coupled neurons. Instead of static pores, electrical synapses are actually plastic, similar to chemical synapses. In the thalamocortical system, gap junctions couple inhibitory neurons that are similar in their biochemical profile, morphology, and electrophysiological properties. We postulate that electrical synaptic plasticity among inhibitory neurons directly interacts with the switching between different firing patterns in a state-dependent and type-dependent manner...
March 22, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334395/pore-guis-for-parallel-and-real-time-processing-of-minion-sequence-data
#8
Robert Stewart, Mick Watson
Motivation: Oxford Nanopore's MinION device has matured rapidly and is now capable of producing over one million reads and several gigabases of sequence data per run. The nature of the MinION output requires new tools that are easy to use by scientists with a range of computational skills and which enable quick and simple QC and data extraction from MinION runs. Results: We have developed two GUIs for the R package poRe that allow parallel and real-time processing of MinION datasets...
March 9, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334283/the-microbiology-of-oil-sands-tailings-past-present-future
#9
Julia M Foght, Lisa M Gieg, Tariq Siddique
Surface mining of enormous oil sands deposits in northeastern Alberta, Canada since 1967 has contributed greatly to Canada's economy but has also received negative international attention due largely to environmental concerns and challenges. Not only have microbes profoundly affected the composition and behaviour of this petroleum resource over geological time, they currently influence the management of semi-solid tailings in oil sands tailing ponds (OSTP) and tailings reclamation. Historically, microbial impacts on OSTP were generally discounted but next-generation sequencing and biogeochemical studies have revealed unexpectedly diverse indigenous communities and expanded our fundamental understanding of anaerobic microbial functions...
March 9, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334043/cc-223-blocks-mtorc1-c2-activation-and-inhibits-human-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#10
Zichen Xie, Jiqin Wang, Mei Liu, Deshan Chen, Chao Qiu, Keyu Sun
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of cancer-related human mortalities. Over-activation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is important for HCC tumorigenesis and progression. The current study assessed the potential anti-HCC activity by a novel mTOR kinase inhibitor, CC-223. We demonstrate that CC-223, at nM concentrations, induced profound cytotoxic and anti-proliferative activities against established HCC cell lines (HepG2, KYN-2 and Huh-7) and primary human HCC cells. Meanwhile, CC-223 activated caspase-3/-9 and apoptosis in the above HCC cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333452/mixed-lanthanide-porous-coordination-polymers-showing-range-tunable-ratiometric-luminescence-for-o2-sensing
#11
Jia-Wen Ye, Jiao-Min Lin, Zong-Wen Mo, Chun-Ting He, Hao-Long Zhou, Jie-Peng Zhang, Xiao-Ming Chen
Luminescent porous coordination polymers (PCPs) are emerging as attractive oxygen-sensing materials, but they are mostly based on single-wavelength luminometry. Here, we report a special mixed-lanthanide strategy for self-referenced ratiometric oxygen sensing. A series of isostructural, pure-lanthanide, or mixed-lanthanide PCPs, MCF-53(Tb/Eux), were synthesized by solvothermal reactions. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction revealed that MCF-53(Tb/Eux) is composed of complicated two-dimensional coordination networks, which interdigitate to form a three-dimensional supramolecular structure retaining one-dimensional ultra-micropores...
March 23, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333442/photoaffinity-ligand-for-the-inhalational-anesthetic-sevoflurane-allows-mechanistic-insight-into-potassium-channel-modulation
#12
Kellie A Woll, Wesley Peng, Qiansheng Liang, Lianteng Zhi, Jack A Jacobs, Lina Maciunas, Natarajan Bhanu, Benjamin A Garcia, Manuel Covarrubias, Patrick J Loll, William P Dailey, Roderic G Eckenhoff
Sevoflurane is a commonly used inhaled general anesthetic. Despite this, its mechanism of action remains largely elusive. Compared to other anesthetics, sevoflurane exhibits distinct functional activity. In particular, sevoflurane is a positive modulator of voltage-gated Shaker-related potassium channels (Kv1.x), which are key regulators of action potentials. Here, we report the synthesis and validation of azisevoflurane, a photoaffinity ligand for the direct identification of sevoflurane binding sites in the Kv1...
March 23, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333138/other-bricks-for-the-correct-construction-of-the-mitochondrial-permeability-transition-pore-complex
#13
Giampaolo Morciano, Massimo Bonora, Carlotta Giorgi, Paolo Pinton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333092/impact-of-coagulant-and-flocculant-addition-to-an-anaerobic-dynamic-membrane-bioreactor-andmbr-treating-waste-activated-sludge
#14
Guido Kooijman, Wilton Lopes, Zhongbo Zhou, Hongxiao Guo, Merle de Kreuk, Henri Spanjers, Jules van Lier
In this work, we investigated the effects of flocculation aid (FA) addition to an anaerobic dynamic membrane bioreactor (AnDMBR) (7 L, 35 °C) treating waste-activated sludge (WAS). The experiment consisted of three distinct periods. In period 1 (day 1-86), the reactor was operated as a conventional anaerobic digester with a solids retention time (SRT) and hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 24 days. In period 2 (day 86-303), the HRT was lowered to 18 days with the application of a dynamic membrane while the SRT was kept the same...
March 23, 2017: Membranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333065/preparation-of-mesoporous-tio2-with-enhanced-photocatalytic-activity-towards-tannery-wastewater-degradation
#15
Weiwei Zhao, Xiu He, Yu Peng, Hongfeng Zhang, Donglan Sun, Xiaocong Wang
Ordered mesoporous TiO2 materials are successfully synthesized via a sol-gel route using butyl titanate as a precursor and sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate surfactants as soft templates. The as-prepared TiO2 samples possess a relatively high surface area of 40.03 m(2)/g and the center of pore diameter distribution of 13.04 nm. They exhibit excellent photocatalytic activity towards degradation of organic pollutants in tannery wastewater under UV-light and natural sunlight irradiation. The effect of the catalyst dosage, the pH value of the solution and the concentration of H2O2 are discussed in detail...
March 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332728/keratoacanthoma-en-plaque-nodule-a-brief-report-of-the-clinicopathological-features-of-five-cases
#16
Noriyuki Misago, Shin-Ichi Ansai, Takaya Fukumoto, Takashi Anan, Tomokazu Nakao
Keratoacanthoma (KA) is characterized by exoendophytic growth with a central keratin-filled crater, representing the crateriform architecture. We herein report five rare cases of KA without a central keratin-filled crater. These KA cases histopathologically showed that one or a few infundibular structures/isthmic lobules had their own open keratotic pores on the surface without a common merged keratotic plug/horn, clinically representing verrucous (keratotic) plaque/nodule, namely, "KA en plaque/nodule". KA rarely but on occasion does show verrucous plaque (or nodular) lesions without a central keratin-filled crater, as the notion that KA invariably shows crateriform architecture is nonsensical...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332683/tailoring-adsorption-induced-phase-transitions-in-the-pillared-layer-type-metal-organic-framework-dut-8-ni
#17
Negar Kavoosi, Volodymyr Bon, Irena Senkovska, Simon Krause, Cesare Atzori, Francesca Bonino, Julia Pallmann, Silvia Paasch, Eike Brunner, Stefan Kaskel
Tailoring the characteristics of gating transitions in the porous network, Ni2(ndc)2dabco (ndc = 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylate, dabco = 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane), also termed DUT-8(Ni) (DUT = Dresden University of Technology), was achieved by systematically adjusting the critical synthesis parameters. The impact of the starting composition and solvent mixtures in the synthesis was found to critically affect the guest-response properties of the obtained materials. A comprehensive set of physical characterization methods, namely thermal analysis, (1)H NMR of digested crystals, solid state (13)C NMR, PXRD, SEM, IR and Raman spectroscopy shows that the crystallite size is a crucial factor, determining the differing characteristics such as "gate pressure" and adsorption capacity in the guest-responsive switching behaviour of DUT-8...
March 23, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332664/kinetics-of-ozone-decomposition-in-porous-in2o3-monoliths
#18
Danielle Klawinski, Christian Weinberger, Dominik Klaus, Jan-Henrik Smått, Michael Tiemann, Thorsten Wagner
The performance of many chemical gas-phase reactions is strongly influenced by the interaction of reactants with interfaces. Nanoporous materials, which exhibit pore diameters up to 100 nm and high specific surface areas, can be utilized to reduce the amount of cost-intensive materials (e.g. noble metals). However, due to limitations in material transport and reaction kinetics detailed knowledge of the diffusion and the kinetics of a chemical reaction is necessary to improve the performance of chemical processes in industry and research...
March 23, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332583/hierarchical-meso-macro-porous-carbon-fabricated-from-dual-mgo-templates-for-direct-electron-transfer-enzymatic-electrodes
#19
Hiroto Funabashi, Satoshi Takeuchi, Seiya Tsujimura
We designed a three-dimensional (3D) hierarchical pore structure to improve the current production efficiency and stability of direct electron transfer-type biocathodes. The 3D hierarchical electrode structure was fabricated using a MgO-templated porous carbon framework produced from two MgO templates with sizes of 40 and 150 nm. The results revealed that the optimal pore composition for a bilirubin oxidase-catalysed oxygen reduction cathode was a mixture of 33% macropores and 67% mesopores (MgOC33). The macropores improve mass transfer inside the carbon material, and the mesopores improve the electron transfer efficiency of the enzyme by surrounding the enzyme with carbon...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332486/fabrication-of-the-flexible-highly-ordered-porous-alumina-templates-by-the-combined-nanosphere-lithography-and-anodization
#20
Michal Krupinski, Marcin Perzanowski, Alexey Maximenko, Yevhen Zabila, Marta Marszalek
In this work, we propose a new method for a large-scale production of flexible, periodic alumina arrays with well-ordered pores. We show the incorporation of pre-patterning based on a polystyrene (PS) nanosphere lithography into aluminium anodization process. We prepared ordered monolayers of PS spheres with average diameters of (510 ± 10) nm, and (430 ± 10) nm on a large area (1.5 x 1.5 cm<sup>2</sup>) of the Si substrate. Next, we deposited the 5 μm aluminium layer on arrays of PS nanospheres using the sputtering technique...
March 23, 2017: Nanotechnology
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