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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913933/fatigue-reduction-diet-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Suzanna Maria Zick, Justin Colacino, Maria Cornellier, Tohfa Khabir, Katie Surnow, Zora Djuric
PURPOSE: Fatigue is a prevalent and burdensome effect of breast cancer. Fatigue has been linked to chronic inflammation, and diets high in antioxidant nutrients have been associated with lesser prevalence and severity of fatigue. Studies are needed, however, to test if antioxidant-rich diets could improve fatigue. METHODS: Pilot, randomized, trial conducted between January 2014 and April 2015, to investigate if a 3-month diet rich in fruit, vegetables, whole grains, and omega-3 fatty acid-rich foods, named the fatigue reduction diet (FRD), improved fatigue and sleep compared to an attention control, named the general health curriculum (GHC)...
December 2, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910795/i-did-eat-my-vegetables-agreement-between-parent-and-child-food-intake-diaries
#2
Natalie Rangelov, L Suzanne Suggs, Pedro Marques-Vidal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of agreement between children and their parents when reporting a child's food consumption. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in which children and parents independently completed 7 d food diaries describing the foods and drinks the child consumed at every meal and snack. The association between child and parent reporting was assessed for nineteen food groups using Kendall's tau-b non-parametric correlations, Spearman's rank correlations, kappa coefficients and Lin's concordance measure of agreement...
December 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898890/postprandial-portal-glucose-and-lactate-fluxes-insulin-production-and-portal-vein-drained-viscera-oxygen-consumption-in-growing-pigs-fed-a-high-fiber-diet-supplemented-with-a-multi-enzyme-cocktail
#3
A K Agyekum, E Kiarie, M C Walsh, C M Nyachoti
Information on effects of supplementing fibrous diets with exogenous enzymes on nutrient absorption and energetic demands of visceral organs is scarce. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of supplementing a high-fiber (HF) diet with a multi-enzyme cocktail (MC) on net glucose and lactate portal fluxes, insulin production, and O consumption by the portal-drained viscera (PDV) and whole animal in growing pigs. The MC supplied (analyzed values) 5,397 U of xylanase, 162 U of β-glucanase, and 2,000 U of protease per kg of diet, and guaranteed minimum activities of 1,000 U of α-amylase and 25 U of pectinase per kg of diet...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898861/interactions-between-levels-of-heat-treated-soybean-meal-and-prilled-fat-on-growth-rumen-fermentation-and-blood-metabolites-of-holstein-calves
#4
M Kazemi-Bonchenari, M Mirzaei, M Jahani-Moghadam, A Soltani, E Mahjoubi, R A Patton
This study evaluated the interaction of RUP and fat levels on growth, rumen fermentation, and blood metabolites of Holstein calves. Forty 3-d-old calves (20 females and 20 males) with a starting BW of 40.6 ± 2.8 kg were used in a completely randomized design with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement of treatments. Within sex treatments were: (1) high RUP and low fat (HRUP-LF); (2) low RUP and high fat (LRUP-HF); (3) high RUP and low fat (HRUP-LF); and high RUP and high fat (HRUP-HF). Low-RUP starter contained 21...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898816/genome-wide-association-analysis-reveals-different-genetic-control-in-panicle-architecture-between-and-rice
#5
Xufeng Bai, Hu Zhao, Yong Huang, Weibo Xie, Zhongmin Han, Bo Zhang, Zilong Guo, Lin Yang, Haijiao Dong, Weiya Xue, Guangwei Li, Gang Hu, Yong Hu, Yongzhong Xing
Panicle architecture determines the number of spikelets per panicle (SPP) and is highly associated with grain yield in rice ( L.). Understanding the genetic basis of panicle architecture is important for improving the yield of rice grain. In this study, we dissected panicle architecture traits into eight components, which were phenotyped from a germplasm collection of 529 cultivars. Multiple regression analysis revealed that the number of secondary branch (NSB) was the major factor that contributed to SPP. Genome-wide association analysis was performed independently for the eight particle architecture traits observed in the and rice subpopulations compared with the whole rice population...
July 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898810/genomic-selection-for-processing-and-end-use-quality-traits-in-the-cimmyt-spring-bread-wheat-breeding-program
#6
Sarah D Battenfield, Carlos Guzmán, R Chris Gaynor, Ravi P Singh, Roberto J Peña, Susanne Dreisigacker, Allan K Fritz, Jesse A Poland
Wheat ( L.) cultivars must possess suitable end-use quality for release and consumer acceptability. However, breeding for quality traits is often considered a secondary target relative to yield largely because of amount of seed needed and expense. Without testing and selection, many undesirable materials are advanced, expending additional resources. Here, we develop and validate whole-genome prediction models for end-use quality phenotypes in the CIMMYT bread wheat breeding program. Model accuracy was tested using forward prediction on breeding lines ( = 5520) tested in unbalanced yield trials from 2009 to 2015 at Ciudad Obregon, Sonora, Mexico...
July 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898755/examining-the-transcriptional-response-in-wheat-near-isogenic-lines-to-infection-and-deoxynivalenol-treatment
#7
Anna N Hofstad, Thomas Nussbaumer, Eduard Akhunov, Sanghyun Shin, Karl G Kugler, H Corby Kistler, Klaus F X Mayer, Gary J Muehlbauer
head blight (FHB) is a disease caused predominantly by the fungal pathogen that affects wheat and other small-grain cereals and can lead to severe yield loss and reduction in grain quality. Trichothecene mycotoxins, such as deoxynivalenol (DON), accumulate during infection and increase pathogen virulence and decrease grain quality. The locus on wheat chromosome 3BS confers Type II resistance to FHB and resistance to the spread of infection on the spike and has been associated with resistance to DON accumulation...
March 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898663/as-simple-as-possible-but-not-simpler-exploring-the-fidelity-of-coarse-grained-protein-models-for-simulated-force-spectroscopy
#8
Mona Habibi, Jörg Rottler, Steven S Plotkin
Mechanical unfolding of a single domain of loop-truncated superoxide dismutase protein has been simulated via force spectroscopy techniques with both all-atom (AA) models and several coarse-grained models having different levels of resolution: A Gō model containing all heavy atoms in the protein (HA-Gō), the associative memory, water mediated, structure and energy model (AWSEM) which has 3 interaction sites per amino acid, and a Gō model containing only one interaction site per amino acid at the Cα position (Cα-Gō)...
November 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886704/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-vegetarian-diets
#9
Vesanto Melina, Winston Craig, Susan Levin
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that appropriately planned vegetarian, including vegan, diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits for the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. These diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, adolescence, older adulthood, and for athletes. Plant-based diets are more environmentally sustainable than diets rich in animal products because they use fewer natural resources and are associated with much less environmental damage...
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884184/dietary-patterns-of-early-childhood-and-maternal-socioeconomic-status-in-a-unique-prospective-sample-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-prenatal-dha-supplementation
#10
Brandon H Hidaka, Elizabeth H Kerling, Jocelynn M Thodosoff, Debra K Sullivan, John Colombo, Susan E Carlson
BACKGROUND: Dietary habits established in early childhood and maternal socioeconomic status (SES) are important, complex, interrelated factors that influence a child's growth and development. The aim of this study was to define the major dietary patterns in a cohort of young US children, construct a maternal SES index, and evaluate their associations. METHODS: The diets of 190 children from a randomized, controlled trial of prenatal supplementation of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were recorded at 6-mo intervals from 2-4...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881409/intake-of-individual-saturated-fatty-acids-and-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-in-us-men-and-women-two-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-studies
#11
Geng Zong, Yanping Li, Anne J Wanders, Marjan Alssema, Peter L Zock, Walter C Willett, Frank B Hu, Qi Sun
OBJECTIVES:  To investigate the association between long term intake of individual saturated fatty acids (SFAs) and the risk of coronary heart disease, in two large cohort studies. DESIGN:  Prospective, longitudinal cohort study. SETTING:  Health professionals in the United States. PARTICIPANTS:  73 147 women in the Nurses' Health Study (1984-2012) and 42 635 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (1986-2010), who were free of major chronic diseases at baseline...
November 23, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876437/the-content-and-distribution-of-steryl-ferulates-in-wheat-produced-in-japan
#12
Wakako Tsuzuki, Hiroyuki Mogushi, Shuji Kawahara, Eiichi Kotake-Nara, Shiro Komba, Yoshikazu Kanai, Sumiyo Yamada, Akira Horigane
Oryzanol contained in rice bran is a complex mixture of steryl ferulates (SFs) with many identified health benefits. Recently, SF has been shown to exist in other cereals such as wheat, rye, and corn. In this study, SFs in several wheats produced in Japan were analyzed. For instance, SF content of whole wheat grain, Yumekaori (Japan) was 15.2 ± 1.4 mg-oryzanol-equivalent/100 g grain, while that of the imported one, 1CW (Canada) was 11.4 ± 1.3 mg-oryzanol-equivalent/100 g grain. The main SF components in the examined wheats were campesteryl ferulate, campestanyl ferulate, and sitostanyl ferulate...
November 23, 2016: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872611/hypocholesterolemic-and-prebiotic-effects-of-a-whole-grain-oat-based-granola-breakfast-cereal-in-a-cardio-metabolic-at-risk-population
#13
Michael L Connolly, Xenofon Tzounis, Kieran M Tuohy, Julie A Lovegrove
Meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RTC) have confirmed the hypocholesterolaemic effect of oats and oat based fibers. However, the mechanisms by which oats or oat fractions lower cholesterol is not totally clear. Recognizing the important role of the gut microbiome in metabolism and metabolic disease risk, we examined the impact of whole grain oat Granola (WGO) on the human gut microbiota and cardio-metabolic risk factors using a randomized crossover dietary intervention in at risk individuals (ClinicalTrials...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870602/influence-of-so2-related-interactions-on-pm2-5-formation-in-iron-ore-sintering
#14
Zhiyun Ji, Xiaohui Fan, Min Gan, Xuling Chen, Wei Lv, Qiang Li, Yang Zhou, Ye Tian, Tao Jiang
The formation of PM2.5 (aerosol particulate matters less than 2.5 µm in aerodynamic diameter) in association with SO2 emission during sintering process has been studied by dividing the whole sintering process into 6 typical sampling stages. A low-pressure cascade impactor was used to collect PM2.5 by automatically segregating particulates into 6 sizes. It was found that strong correlation was existed between the emission properties of PM2.5 and SO2. Wet mixture layer (over-wetted layer and raw mixture layer) had the function to simultaneously capture SO2 and PM2...
November 21, 2016: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868444/-plant-based-diets-a-review
#15
Zoltán Szabó, Attila Erdélyi, Andrea Gubicskóné Kisbenedek, Tamás Ungár, Éva Lászlóné Polyák, Szilvia Szekeresné Szabó, Réka Erika Kovács, László Bence Raposa, Mária Figler
Plant-based diet is an old-new trend in nutrition. In this review based on a historical context, we wish to introduce this popular nutritional trend. Our aim is to present plant-based diet as a primary measure for prevention. We intend to critically analyse some past stereotypes related to plant-based diet - whose main components include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts and seeds - according to the literature (e.g. protein, vitamin B12, folic acid, and iron intake) by doing so we wish to create an adequate conceptual basis for its interpretation...
November 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867819/assessment-of-genetic-variability-for-grain-nutrients-from-diverse-regions-potential-for-wheat-improvement
#16
Anamika Pandey, Mohd Kamran Khan, Erdogan E Hakki, George Thomas, Mehmet Hamurcu, Sait Gezgin, Ozge Gizlenci, Mahinur S Akkaya
BACKGROUND: A total of 150 bread wheat genotypes representing 121 Indian and 29 Turkish origin were screened for nutrient concentrations and grain protein content. Elemental and grain protein composition were studied by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrophotometer and LECO analyser, respectively. The study was performed to determine the variability in nutrient concentrations present in the collected wheat genetic material from two countries. RESULTS: Several fold variations among genotypes existed for almost all the elements...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864471/structuring-process-evaluation-to-forecast-use-and-sustainability-of-an-intervention-theory-and-data-from-the-efficacy-trial-for-lunch-is-in-the-bag
#17
Cindy Roberts-Gray, Sara J Sweitzer, Nalini Ranjit, Christa Potratz, Magdalena Rood, Maria Jose Romo-Palafox, Courtney E Byrd-Williams, Margaret E Briley, Deanna M Hoelscher
Background A cluster-randomized trial at 30 early care and education centers (Intervention = 15, waitlist Control = 15) showed the Lunch Is in the Bag intervention increased parents' packing of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains in their preschool children's bag lunches (parent-child dyads = 351 Intervention, 282 Control). Purpose To examine the utility of structuring the trial's process evaluation to forecast use, sustainability, and readiness of the intervention for wider dissemination and implementation...
November 17, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863357/cardiovascular-health-among-two-ethnic-groups-living-in-the-same-region-a-population-based-study
#18
Michal Benderly, Angela Chetrit, Havi Murad, Kathleen Abu-Saad, Michal Gillon-Keren, Ori Rogowski, Ben-Ami Sela, Hannah Kanety, Dror Harats, Ahmed Atamna, Gershon Alpert, Uri Goldbourt, Ofra Kalter-Leibovici
BACKGROUND: Poor cardiovascular health (CVH) among ethnic/racial minorities, studied primarily in the USA, may reflect lower access to healthcare. We examined factors associated with minority CVH in a setting of universal access to healthcare. METHODS AND RESULTS: CVH behaviors and factors were evaluated in a random population sample (551 Arabs, 553 Jews) stratified by sex, ethnicity and age. More Jews (10%) than Arabs (3%) had 3 ideal health behaviors. Only one participant had all four...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853967/the-bioconcentration-ability-of-heavy-metal-research-for-50-kinds-of-rice-under-the-same-test-conditions
#19
Wen-Juan Xie, Lei Che, Guang-Yu Zhou, Li-Na Yang, Min-Yu Hu
The aims of this experiment are to explore the accumulation of metal contamination of different varieties of rice planted in paddy fields and to provide a basis for the further research. The rice specimens were grown in and collected from a total area of 8.24 acres of rice planting fields where local farmers cultivated 50 different kinds of rice. The crops were grown using the methods of seedling, transplanting, fertilizing, and irrigation, under the guidance of professional and technical personnel. The 50 kinds of paddy rice contain 20 kinds of conventional rice, 15 kinds of two-line hybrid rice, 15 kinds of three-line hybrid rice, and the whole experiment lasted 100 days...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847805/progress-towards-sustainable-utilisation-and-management-of-food-wastes-in-the-global-economy
#20
REVIEW
Purabi R Ghosh, Derek Fawcett, Shashi B Sharma, Gerrard Eddy Jai Poinern
In recent years, the problem of food waste has attracted considerable interest from food producers, processors, retailers, and consumers alike. Food waste is considered not only a sustainability problem related to food security, but also an economic problem since it directly impacts the profitability of the whole food supply chain. In developed countries, consumers are one of the main contributors to food waste and ultimately pay for all wastes produced throughout the food supply chain. To secure food and reduce food waste, it is essential to have a comprehensive understanding of the various sources of food wastes throughout the food supply chain...
2016: International journal of food science
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