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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635680/saturated-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-disease-replacements-for-saturated-fat-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk
#1
REVIEW
Michelle A Briggs, Kristina S Petersen, Penny M Kris-Etherton
Dietary recommendations to decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) have focused on reducing intake of saturated fatty acids (SFA) for more than 50 years. While the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans advise substituting both monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids for SFA, evidence supports other nutrient substitutions that will also reduce CVD risk. For example, replacing SFA with whole grains, but not refined carbohydrates, reduces CVD risk. Replacing SFA with protein, especially plant protein, may also reduce CVD risk...
June 21, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631125/upgraded-modified-forms-of-bituminous-coal-for-the-removal-of-safranin-t-dye-from-aqueous-solution
#2
Mohamed Shaban, Mostafa R Abukhadra, Mohamed G Shahien, Aftab Aslam Parwaz Khan
Natural bituminous coal was used as a precursor in the synthesis of different modified products. The modification of coal was performed by treating it with nitric acid (N-coal), coating its surface by zinc oxide nanoparticles (Z-coal), and converting it into porous graphite (PG). The effect of modification processes on the structures, morphologies, and optical properties was followed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectrum (FT-IR), and UV/VIS spectrophotometer analysis...
June 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630614/a-plant-based-diet-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes
#3
REVIEW
Michelle McMacken, Sapana Shah
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is rising worldwide, especially in older adults. Diet and lifestyle, particularly plant-based diets, are effective tools for type 2 diabetes prevention and management. Plant-based diets are eating patterns that emphasize legumes, whole grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and seeds and discourage most or all animal products. Cohort studies strongly support the role of plant-based diets, and food and nutrient components of plant-based diets, in reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes...
May 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627126/consumption-of-obesogenic-foods-in-non-hispanic-black-mother-infant-dyads
#4
Melissa C Kay, Heather Wasser, Linda S Adair, Amanda L Thompson, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Chirayath M Suchindran, Margaret E Bentley
Obesity continues to be a problem in the United States. Of particular concern is the epidemic of early childhood obesity. A significant predictor of child diet is maternal diet, but little is known about this relationship during infancy. This study examined the association between maternal and infant consumption of key food groups from 6 to 18 months using data from the Infant Care, Feeding, and Risk of Obesity Study, a prospective cohort of 217 non-Hispanic black, low-income, first-time mothers. Using data from 24-hr dietary recalls collected during in-home visits at 6, 9, 12, and 18 months, we assessed longitudinal associations between mother and child intake of both energy-dense, nutrient-poor (obesogenic) food groups and fibre-, nutrient-rich food groups using random intercept logistic regression...
June 18, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616707/customer-characteristics-and-shopping-patterns-associated-with-healthy-and-unhealthy-purchases-at-small-and-non-traditional-food-stores
#5
Kathleen M Lenk, Caitlin E Caspi, Lisa Harnack, Melissa N Laska
Small and non-traditional food stores (e.g., corner stores) are often the most accessible source of food for residents of lower income urban neighborhoods in the U.S. Although healthy options are often limited at these stores, little is known about customers who purchase healthy, versus less healthy, foods/beverages in these venues. We conducted 661 customer intercept interviews at 105 stores (corner stores, gas marts, pharmacies, dollar stores) in Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota, assessing all food and beverage items purchased...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615381/yogurt-is-a-low-glycemic-index-food
#6
REVIEW
Thomas Ms Wolever
High yogurt intake is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Although several mechanisms could explain this association, this paper addresses the glycemic and insulinemic impact of yogurt. There is evidence that low-glycemic index (GI) and low-glycemic load (GL) diets are associated with a reduced risk of T2DM. The 93 GI values for yogurt in the University of Sydney's GI database have a mean ± SD of 34 ± 13, and 92% of the yogurts are low-GI (≤55). The 43 plain yogurts in the database have a lower GI than the 50 sweetened yogurts, 27 ± 11 compared with 41 ± 11 (P < 0...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610575/monitoring-the-impact-of-trade-agreements-on-national-food-environments-trade-imports-and-population-nutrition-risks-in-fiji
#7
Amerita Ravuvu, Sharon Friel, Anne-Marie Thow, Wendy Snowdon, Jillian Wate
BACKGROUND: Trade agreements are increasingly recognised as playing an influential role in shaping national food environments and the availability and nutritional quality of the food supply. Global monitoring of food environments and trade policies can strengthen the evidence base for the impact of trade policy on nutrition, and support improved policy coherence. Using the INFORMAS trade monitoring protocol, we reviewed available food supply data to understand associations between Fiji's commitments under WTO trade agreements and food import volume trends...
June 13, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609668/post-anthesis-nitrate-uptake-is-critical-to-yield-and-grain-protein-content-in-sorghum-bicolor
#8
Belinda Worland, Nicole Robinson, David Jordan, Susanne Schmidt, Ian Godwin
Crops only use ∼50% of applied nitrogen (N) fertilizer creating N losses and pollution. Plants need to efficiently uptake and utilize N to meet growing global food demands. Here we investigate how the supply and timing of nitrate affects N status and yield in Sorghum bicolor (sorghum). Sorghum was grown in pots with either 10mM (High) or 1mM (Low) nitrate supply. Shortly before anthesis the nitrate supply was either maintained, increased 10-fold or eliminated. Leaf sheaths of sorghum grown with High nitrate accumulated nitrate in concentrations >3-times higher than leaves...
June 3, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608536/feeding-value-of-whole-raw-soya-beans-as-a-protein-supplement-for-beef-cattle-consuming-low-quality-forages
#9
H M Arelovich, S Lagrange, R Torre, M F Martinez, H E Laborde
Experiments (Exp) I and II were conducted to compare raw whole soya beans (WSB), roasted (rWSB) or other protein sources as supplements of low-quality forages fed ad libitum to beef cattle, upon DM intake (DMI), ruminal and blood parameters, and animal performance. Exp I: treatments for wheat straw fed to four ruminally cannulated steers were (i) Control-WS: no supplement; (ii) WSB-WS: whole soya beans; (iii) rWSB-WS: roasted WSB; and (iv) SBM-WS: soybean meal-wheat midds mixture; all fed at 1.4 kg DM/day...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604287/breakfast-consumption-frequency-and-its-relationships-to-overall-diet-quality-using-healthy-eating-index-2010-and-body-mass-index-among-adolescents-in-a-low-income-urban-setting
#10
Laura C Hopkins, Melissa Sattler, Elizabeth Anderson Steeves, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Joel Gittelsohn
The aim of this study was to describe the relationship of breakfast frequency to diet quality and BMI among low-income, predominantly African American adolescents aged 9-15 (n = 239). Mean frequency of breakfast consumption was 5.0 ± 0.15 times per week. A significant, positive relationship was seen between HEI scores and frequency of breakfast consumption (p = .01). Dairy (p = .02) and whole grains (p < .01) HEI component scores were significantly related to breakfast frequency. No relationship was seen between breakfast frequency and BMI...
June 12, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603896/dietary-pattern-associated-with-frailty-results-from-nutrition-and-health-survey-in-taiwan
#11
Yen-Li Lo, Yao-Te Hsieh, Li-Lin Hsu, Shao-Yuan Chuang, Hsing-Yi Chang, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Ching-Yu Chen, Wen-Harn Pan
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether dietary patterns are associated with frailty phenotypes in an elderly Taiwanese population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan (NAHSIT), 2014-2016. PARTICIPANTS: Noninstitutionalized Taiwanese nationals aged 65 years and older enrolled in the NAHSIT (N = 923). MEASUREMENTS: Dietary intake was assessed using a 79-item food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
June 12, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598509/comparison-of-nutritional-composition-aroma-compounds-and-biological-activities-of-two-kinds-of-tartary-buckwheat-tea
#12
Huimin Guo, Xiushi Yang, Haitao Zhou, Xiuxiu Luo, Peiyou Qin, Jincai Li, Guixing Ren
Tartary buckwheat tea (TBT) is becoming increasingly popular for its unique flavor and health benefits. However, there is little information regarding the differences in nutritional quality among different kinds of TBT. Two kinds of TBT samples, whole grain tea (WGT) and whole plant tea (WPT), were collected from markets in China. The content of their nutritional compositions, including protein, amino acids, starch, fat, fatty acids, and flavonoids, as well as aroma compounds, were determined. Antioxidant and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities were also evaluated...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596779/characterization-of-aldehyde-oxidase-ao-genes-involved-in-the-accumulation-of-carotenoid-pigments-in-wheat-grain
#13
Pasqualina Colasuonno, Ilaria Marcotuli, Maria L Lozito, Rosanna Simeone, Antonio Blanco, Agata Gadaleta
Aldehyde Oxidase (AO) enzyme (EC 1.2.3.1) catalyzes the final steps of carotenoid catabolism and it is a key enzyme in the abscisic acid (ABA) biosynthesis. AO isoforms are located in the cytosolic compartment of tissues in many plants, where induce the oxidation of aldehydes into carboxylic acid, and in addition, catalyze the hydroxylation of some heterocycles. The goal of the present study was to characterize the AO genes involved in the accumulation of carotenoid pigments in wheat grain, an important quantitative trait controlled by multiple genes...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595185/association-of-blood-fatty-acid-composition-and-dietary-pattern-with-the-risk-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-patients-who-underwent-cholecystectomy
#14
Poyoung Shim, Dongho Choi, Yongsoon Park
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The relationship between diet and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients with gallstone disease and in those who have a high risk for NAFLD has not been investigated. This study was conducted to investigate the association between the risk of NAFLD and dietary pattern in patients who underwent cholecystectomy. Additionally, we assessed the association between erythrocyte fatty acid composition, a marker for diet, and the risk of NAFLD. METHODS: Patients (n = 139) underwent liver ultrasonography to determine the presence of NAFLD before laparoscopic cholecystectomy, reported dietary intake using food frequency questionnaire, and were assessed for blood fatty acid composition...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592607/maternal-dietary-intakes-of-refined-grains-during-pregnancy-and-growth-through-the-first-7-y-of-life-among-children-born-to-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#15
Yeyi Zhu, Sjurdur F Olsen, Pauline Mendola, Thorhallur I Halldorsson, Edwina H Yeung, Charlotta Granström, Anne A Bjerregaard, Jing Wu, Shristi Rawal, Jorge E Chavarro, Frank B Hu, Cuilin Zhang
Background: Refined grains, a major source of dietary carbohydrates, have been related to impaired glucose homeostasis and obesity. Emerging animal data suggest that in utero exposure to dietary refined carbohydrates may predispose offspring to an obese phenotype, indicating a potential role for nutritional programming in the early origins of obesity, but intergenerational human data are lacking.Objective: We prospectively investigated refined-grain intake during pregnancy in association with offspring growth through age 7 y among high-risk children born to women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592514/a-western-diet-pattern-is-associated-with-higher-concentrations-of-blood-and-bone-lead-among-middle-aged-and-elderly-men
#16
Xin Wang, Ning Ding, Katherine L Tucker, Marc G Weisskopf, David Sparrow, Howard Hu, Sung Kyun Park
Background: Little is known about the effects of overall dietary pattern on lead concentration.Objective: We examined the association of overall dietary patterns, derived from a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire, with bone and blood lead concentrations.Methods: This longitudinal analyses included mostly non-Hispanic white, middle-aged-to-elderly men from the Veterans Affairs Normative Aging Study. Long-term lead exposures were measured as tibia and patella lead concentrations by using K-shell-X-ray fluorescence...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592344/whole-grain-intake-of-australians-estimated-from-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-dietary-intake-data-from-the-2011-13-australian-health-survey
#17
Leanne M Galea, Eleanor J Beck, Yasmine C Probst, Chris J Cashman
OBJECTIVE: The Australian Dietary Guidelines recommend Australians choose mostly whole-grain and/or high-fibre varieties within the grains (cereal) foods category, with other groups specifying a whole grain Daily Target Intake of 48 g for Australians aged 9 years or above. The USA and UK report estimates of whole grain intake that are low and declining, and no comprehensive studies on whole grain intake in the Australian population are available. The present study aimed to determine national estimates of whole grain intake, compared with current recommendations...
June 8, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591632/bread-affects-clinical-parameters-and-induces-gut-microbiome-associated-personal-glycemic-responses
#18
Tal Korem, David Zeevi, Niv Zmora, Omer Weissbrod, Noam Bar, Maya Lotan-Pompan, Tali Avnit-Sagi, Noa Kosower, Gal Malka, Michal Rein, Jotham Suez, Ben Z Goldberg, Adina Weinberger, Avraham A Levy, Eran Elinav, Eran Segal
Bread is consumed daily by billions of people, yet evidence regarding its clinical effects is contradicting. Here, we performed a randomized crossover trial of two 1-week-long dietary interventions comprising consumption of either traditionally made sourdough-leavened whole-grain bread or industrially made white bread. We found no significant differential effects of bread type on multiple clinical parameters. The gut microbiota composition remained person specific throughout this trial and was generally resilient to the intervention...
June 6, 2017: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588372/dash-eating-plan-an-eating-pattern-for-diabetes-management
#19
Amy P Campbell
IN BRIEF The DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) eating plan is an acceptable eating pattern for people who have diabetes. In addition to promoting blood pressure control, this eating pattern has been shown to improve insulin resistance, hyperlipidemia, and even overweight/obesity. This balanced approach promotes consumption of a variety of foods (whole grains, fat-free or low-fat dairy products, fruits, vegetables, poultry, fish, and nuts) and is appropriate for the entire family.
May 2017: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587108/compliance-with-nutritional-and-lifestyle-recommendations-in-13-000-patients-with-a-cardiometabolic-disease-from-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-study
#20
Solia Adriouch, Hélène Lelong, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Julia Baudry, Aurélie Lampuré, Pilar Galan, Serge Hercberg, Mathilde Touvier, Léopold K Fezeu
BACKGROUND: A healthy diet has been shown to prevent cardiovascular diseases complications. The objective of this study was to assess dietary intakes and compliance with nutritional and lifestyle recommendations in French adults diagnosed with hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidaemia or cardiovascular disease compared with healthy individuals. METHODS: Data was collected from 26,570 subjects aged 35 to 70 years (13,285 patients and 13,285 controls matched by sex and age) of the French cohort NutriNet-Santé...
May 26, 2017: Nutrients
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