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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779261/better-diet-quality-is-associated-with-lower-odds-of-severe-periodontitis-in-us-hispanics-latinos
#1
Christian R Salazar, Nadia Laniado, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Luisa N Borrell, Qibin Qi, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Douglas E Morse, Richard H Singer, Robert C Kaplan, Victor Badner, Ira B Lamster
AIM: We investigated the cross-sectional association between diet quality and severe periodontitis in a sample of diverse Hispanics from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 13,920 Hispanic/Latinos aged 18-74 years of different heritages underwent a full-mouth oral examination and completed two 24hr dietary recalls during 2008-2011. Severe periodontitis was defined as having ≥30% tooth sites with clinical attachment loss ≥ 5mm...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779054/dietary-modifications-and-lipid-accumulation-product-are-associated-with-systolic-and-diastolic-blood-pressures-in-the-women-s-health-trial-feasibility-study-in-minority-populations
#2
REVIEW
Alok Bhargava
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Approximately 65% of adults over 60 years in the USA are hypertensive. Poor dietary habits and sedentary lifestyles are fueling the hypertension epidemic. The effects of higher intakes of fruits and vegetables and whole-grain products on systolic and diastolic blood pressures were analyzed using data at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months on 349 and 573 subjects, respectively, in the control and intervention groups of the Women's Health Trial: Feasibility Study in Minority Populations...
May 19, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778475/performance-nutritional-behavior-and-metabolic-responses-of-calves-supplemented-with-forage-depend-on-starch-fermentability
#3
S Mojahedi, M Khorvash, G R Ghorbani, E Ghasemi, M Mirzaei, F Hashemzadeh-Cigari
This study evaluated the interactive effects of forage provision on performance, nutritional behavior, apparent digestibility, rumen fermentation, and blood metabolites of dairy calves when corn grains with different fermentability were used. Sixty 3-d-old Holstein calves were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatments in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. Dietary treatments were (1) steam-flaked (SF) corn without alfalfa hay (AH) supplementation (SF-NO), (2) SF corn with AH supplementation (SF-AH), (3) cracked (CR) corn without AH supplementation (CR-NO), and (4) CR corn with AH supplementation (CR-AH)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771736/the-role-of-diet-for-prevention-and-management-of-hypertension
#4
Cemal Ozemek, Deepika R Laddu, Ross Arena, Carl J Lavie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Regular consumption of a diet high in sodium, energy dense foods, fat content, refined carbohydrates, added sugar and low in fruits and vegetables contributes to an increased risk of developing hypertension (HTN) and cardiovascular disease. This review aims to provide a synopsis of evidence-based dietary approaches that have been effective in lowering blood pressure (BP) in pre-HTN and individuals with HTN. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent dietary recommendations have emphasized overall dietary patterns and its relation between food and BP...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771037/-association-between-airborne-pollen-distribution-and-allergic-diseases-in-beijing-urban-area
#5
X Y Wang, Z M Tian, H Y Ning, X Y Wang
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of airborne pollen in urban Beijing area on the consultation rate of allergic diseases. Method: A modified pollen sampler was used to monitor the distribution of main airborne pollen during Jan 1st 2015 to Dec 31 2015.The consultation rate of allergic rhinitis and asthma was obtained meanwhile among allergy, ENT and pneumology department. Relationship between pollen and consultation rate was analyzed by Pearson index. Result: ①Through the whole year of 2015 the total quantity of pollens amounted to 76164 grains...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770760/adherence-to-the-new-nordic-diet-during-pregnancy-and-subsequent-maternal-weight-development-a-study-conducted-in-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study-moba
#6
Marianne Skreden, Elisabet R Hillesund, Andrew K Wills, Anne Lise Brantsæter, Elling Bere, Nina C Øverby
The rising prevalence of overweight and obesity is a worldwide public health challenge. Pregnancy and beyond is a potentially important window for future weight gain in women. We investigated associations between maternal adherence to the New Nordic diet (NND) during pregnancy and maternal BMI trajectories from delivery to 8 years post delivery. Data are from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort. Pregnant women from all of Norway were recruited between 1999 and 2008, and 55 056 are included in the present analysis...
June 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769374/better-diet-quality-relates-to-larger-brain-tissue-volumes-the-rotterdam-study
#7
Pauline H Croll, Trudy Voortman, M Arfan Ikram, Oscar H Franco, Josje D Schoufour, Daniel Bos, Meike W Vernooij
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation of diet quality with structural brain tissue volumes and focal vascular lesions in a dementia-free population. METHODS: From the population-based Rotterdam Study, 4,447 participants underwent dietary assessment and brain MRI scanning between 2005 and 2015. We excluded participants with an implausible energy intake, prevalent dementia, or cortical infarcts, leaving 4,213 participants for the current analysis. A diet quality score (0-14) was calculated reflecting adherence to Dutch dietary guidelines...
May 16, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766722/effects-of-whole-grain-rice-and-wheat-on-composition-of-gut-microbiota-and-short-chain-fatty-acids-in-rats
#8
Fei Han, Yong Wang, Yangyang Han, Jianxin Zhao, Fenli Han, Ge Song, Ping Jiang, Haijiang Miao
Diets rich in whole grain (WG) cereals bring lower disease risks compared with refined grain-based diets. We investigated the effects of polished rice (PR), refined wheat (RW), unpolished rice (UPR), and whole wheat (WW) on short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) and gut microbiota in ileal, cecal, and colonic digesta of normal rats. Animals fed with UPR and WW diets exhibited higher total SCFA in cecal and colonic digesta compared with those fed with PR and RW diets. Wheat diets contributed higher total SCFA than rice diets...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766351/comparative-whole-genome-re-sequencing-analysis-in-upland-new-rice-for-africa-insights-into-the-breeding-history-and-respective-genome-compositions
#9
Naoki Yamamoto, Richard Garcia, Tomohiro Suzuki, Celymar Angela Solis, Yuichi Tada, Ramaiah Venuprasad, Ajay Kohli
BACKGROUND: Increasing rice demand is one of the consequences of the steadily improving socio-economic status of the African countries. New Rice for Africa (NERICA), which are interspecific hybrids between Asian and African rice varieties, are one of successful breeding products utilizing biodiversity across the two different rice crop species. Upland NERICA varieties (NU) exhibit agronomic traits of value for the harsh eco-geography, including shorter duration, higher yield and stress tolerance, compared to local African varieties...
May 15, 2018: Rice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762375/starch-consumption-patterns-in-infants-and-young-children
#10
Erin Quann, Ryan Carvalho
BACKGROUND: The introduction of starch into an infant's diet is an important milestone in the feeding journey. Intestinal maturity and the presence of digestive enzymes are necessary for the physiologic breakdown of starch and other complementary foods. However, little is known about the consumption patterns of starch containing foods during complementary feeding. METHOD: The 2008 Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) is a cross-sectional 24-hour dietary intake survey of a nationally representative sample of infants, toddlers, and preschoolers from birth to 48 months of age...
June 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759109/hypocholesterolaemic-effect-of-whole-grain-highland-hull-less-barley-in-rats-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#11
Xuejuan Xia, Guannan Li, Jiaxin Song, Jiong Zheng, Jianquan Kan
Whole-grain highland hull-less barley (WHLB) contains high amounts of bioactive compounds that potentially exhibit cholesterol-lowering effects. This study investigated the hypocholesterolaemic effect of WHLB. A total of seventy-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups and were fed with the normal control diet, high-fat diet (HFD) and HFD containing low or high dose (10 or 48·95 %) of WHLB. High dose of WHLB significantly decreased the organ indexes of liver and abdominal fat and lipid levels of plasma and liver in HFD rats...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759105/the-glycaemic-index-and-insulinaemic-index-of-commercially-available-breakfast-and-snack-foods-in-an-asian-population
#12
Wei Shuan Kimberly Tan, Wei Jie Kevin Tan, Shalini D/O Ponnalagu, Katie Koecher, Ravi Menon, Sze-Yen Tan, Christiani J Henry
A low-glycaemic-index (GI) breakfast has been shown to lower blood glucose levels throughout the day. A wide variety of breakfast foods are consumed, but their GI values are largely unknown, hence limiting consumers' ability to select healthier options. This study investigated the GI values of ten common breakfast (five Asian and five Western) foods in this region using a randomised, cross-over study design. Participants arrived after an overnight fast, and fasting blood sample was taken before participants consumed test foods...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751854/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-society-for-nutrition-education-and-behavior-and-school-nutrition-association-comprehensive-nutrition-programs-and-services-in-schools
#13
Dayle Hayes, Isobel R Contento, Carol Weekly
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, School Nutrition Association, and Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior that comprehensive, integrated nutrition programs in preschool through high school are essential to improve the health, nutritional status, and academic performance of our nation's children. Through the continued use of multidisciplinary teams, local school needs will be better identified and addressed within updated wellness policies. Updated nutrition standards are providing students with a wider variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, while limiting sodium, calories, and saturated fat...
May 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748418/reductions-in-national-cardiometabolic-mortality-achievable-by-food-price-changes-according-to-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-snap-eligibility-and-participation
#14
Parke Edward Wilde, Zach Conrad, Colin D Rehm, Jennifer L Pomeranz, Jose L Penalvo, Frederick Cudhea, Jonathan Pearson-Stuttard, Martin O'Flaherty, Renata Micha, Dariush Mozaffarian
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal diets are a major contributor to cardiometabolic disease (CMD) mortality, and substantial disparities exist for both dietary quality and mortality risk across income groups in the USA. Research is needed to quantify how food pricing policies to subsidise healthy foods and tax unhealthy foods could affect the US CMD mortality, overall and by Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) eligibility and participation. METHODS: Comparative risk analysis based on national data on diet (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003-2012) and mortality (mortality-linked National Health Interview Survey) and meta-analyses of policy-diet and diet-disease relationships...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747404/improved-optical-and-electrochromic-properties-of-nio-x-films-by-low-temperature-spin-coating-method-based-on-nio-x-nanoparticles
#15
Xiaohong Xie, Changkang Gao, Xiang Du, Gangyi Zhu, Weiguang Xie, Pengyi Liu, Zhenfang Tang
Solution approaches to NiOx films for electrochromic applications are problematic due to the need of an additional high-temperature annealing treatment step in inert gas. In this study, nanostructured NiOx powder with grain size of about 10.1 nm was synthesized for fabrication of NiOx films for electrochromic application. Non-toxic dispersants of isopropanol and deionized water were used and the whole process was carried out in air. The effects of the number of spin-coating layers, annealing temperature, and the volume ratios of isopropanol to deionized water were systematically investigated...
May 9, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745832/cmfsm-a-scalable-cpu-mic-coordinated-drug-finding-tool-by-frequent-subgraph-mining
#16
Shunyun Yang, Runxin Guo, Rui Liu, Xiangke Liao, Quan Zou, Benyun Shi, Shaoliang Peng
BACKGROUND: Frequent subgraphs mining is a significant problem in many practical domains. The solution of this kind of problem can particularly used in some large-scale drug molecular or biological libraries to help us find drugs or core biological structures rapidly and predict toxicity of some unknown compounds. The main challenge is its efficiency, as (i) it is computationally intensive to test for graph isomorphisms, and (ii) the graph collection to be mined and mining results can be very large...
May 8, 2018: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744944/association-between-dietary-carbohydrate-quality-and-the-prevalence-of-obesity-and-hypertension
#17
D-Y Kim, S H Kim, H Lim
BACKGROUND: Dietary carbohydrate quality may play an important role in disease development. We evaluated the association between carbohydrate quality index (CQI) and the prevalence of obesity and metabolic disorders among adults in South Korea. METHODS: We analysed 12 027 adults aged 19-64 years from the fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). CQI was based on four criteria: crude fibre intake, dietary glycaemic index (DGI), whole grains/total grains ratio and solid carbohydrates/total carbohydrates ratio...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744589/a-new-snp-in-cyosppdk-gene-is-associated-with-floury-endosperm-in-suweon-542
#18
Heng Wang, Young-Jun Mo, Da-Eun Im, Seong-Gyu Jang, Tae-Ho Ham, Joohyun Lee, Ji-Ung Jeung, Soon-Wook Kwon
Pyruvate orthophosphate dikinase (PPDK) is a component of glycolysis to mediate endosperm energy charge by adjusting the ratio of ATP to ADP and AMP that proposed to balance the flow of carbon into starch, protein, fatty acid and amino acid biosynthesis. However, these were inconsistent with the first report of a T-DNA insertional knockout mutant of the rice PPDK gene (flo4) showed that rice with inactivated PPDK gene failed to produce a opaque seeds. Therefore, the PPDK might have multifaceted functions in grain filling stage, which in some ways might depend on the direction of the reversible catalysis...
May 9, 2018: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744494/tailoring-rice-flour-structure-by-rubbery-milling-for-improved-gluten-free-baked-goods
#19
Linda Brütsch, Liliane Tribolet, Stéphane Isabettini, Patrick Soltermann, Andreas Baumann, Erich J Windhab
Ever-growing demand for gluten-free products calls for the development of novel food processing techniques to widen the range of existing baked goods. Extensive research has been targeted towards recipe optimization, widely neglecting the tailoring potential of process-induced structuring of gluten-free raw materials. Herein, we address this shortcoming by demonstrating the potential of rubbery milling for the generation of structure and techno-functionality in breads obtained from a variety of rice flour types...
May 10, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744225/inhibition-of-intestinal-cellular-glucose-uptake-by-phenolics-extracted-from-whole-wheat-grown-at-different-locations
#20
Maryam Shamloo, Peter J H Jones, Peter K Eck
Whole grain consumption is associated with reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, and the underlying mechanism might be related to the actions of polyphenols. Dietary polyphenols contribute to low glycemic indices through inhibition of intestinal glucose transport proteins. This study has two objectives: (1) to evaluate how the contents of phenolic acids in wheat vary by genetic background and growth condition and (2) to evaluate how these changes translate into physiologic relevance by investigating cellular glucose transporter inhibitions...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
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