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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434726/short-communication-sensory-analysis-of-a-kefir-product-designed-for-active-cancer-survivors
#1
K O'Brien, C Boeneke, W Prinyawiwatkul, J Lisano, D Shackelford, K Reeves, M Christensen, R Hayward, K Carabante Ordonez, L K Stewart
Kefir is a fermented milk product that is a good source of protein and health-promoting bacteria. It has the potential to improve recovery from exercise, and the health and well-being of cancer survivors. The purpose of this study was to explore cancer survivor attitudes about and acceptance of a kefir recovery beverage made from cultured milk, whole fruit, natural sweeteners, and other natural ingredients. Kefir was made by inoculating and fermenting milk with kefir grains. The kefir was then mixed with a fruit base and given to cancer survivors (n = 52) following a bout of exercise...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431559/effects-of-whole-grain-rye-with-and-without-resistant-starch-type-2-supplementation-on-glucose-tolerance-gut-hormones-inflammation-and-appetite-regulation-in-an-11-14-5%C3%A2-hour-perspective-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-healthy-subjects
#2
Jonna C Sandberg, Inger M E Björck, Anne C Nilsson
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide and prevention is needed. Whole grain has shown potential to lower the risk of obesity, cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. One possible mechanism behind the benefits of whole grain is the gut fermentation of dietary fiber (DF), e.g. non-starch polysaccharides and resistant starch (RS), in whole grain. The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of whole grain rye-based products on glucose- and appetite regulation...
April 21, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431261/dietary-patterns-and-depression-risk-a-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Ye Li, Mei-Rong Lv, Yan-Jin Wei, Ling Sun, Ji-Xiang Zhang, Huai-Guo Zhang, Bin Li
Although some studies have reported potential associations of dietary patterns with depression risk, a consistent perspective hasn't been estimated to date. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to evaluate the relation between dietary patterns and the risk of depression. A literature research was conducted searching MEDLINE and EMBASE databases up to September 2016. In total, 21 studies from ten countries met the inclusion criteria and were included in the present meta-analysis. A dietary pattern characterized by a high intakes of fruit, vegetables, whole grain, fish, olive oil, low-fat dairy and antioxidants and low intakes of animal foods was apparently associated with a decreased risk of depression...
April 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428794/fine-mapping-of-a-novel-defective-glume-1-dg1-mutant-which-affects-vegetative-and-spikelet-development-in-rice
#4
Haiping Yu, Banpu Ruan, Zhongwei Wang, Deyong Ren, Yu Zhang, Yujia Leng, Dali Zeng, Jiang Hu, Guangheng Zhang, Li Zhu, Zhenyu Gao, Guang Chen, Longbiao Guo, Wenfu Chen, Qian Qian
In cereal crops, vegetative and spikelet development play important roles in grain yield and quality, but the genetic mechanisms that control vegetative and spikelet development remain poorly understood in rice. Here, we identified a new rice mutant, defective glume 1 (dg1) mutant from cultivar Zhonghua11 after ethyl methanesulfonate treatment. The dg1 mutant displayed the dwarfism with small, rolled leaves, which resulted from smaller cells and more bulliform cells. The dg1 mutant also had an enlarged leaf angle and defects in brassinosteroid signaling...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423476/dietary-patterns-and-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-secondary-analysis-of-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children
#5
Victoria Coathup, Kate Northstone, Ron Gray, Simon Wheeler, Lesley Smith
BACKGROUND: Large general population surveys show that heavy regular and episodic alcohol consumption are associated with lower intakes of fruits and vegetables, and higher intakes of processed and fried meat. This is of particular concern regarding pregnant women, as both alcohol intake and inadequate maternal nutrition are independently associated with adverse fetal outcomes. The current study aimed to determine associations between maternal dietary patterns and alcohol consumption during pregnancy...
April 19, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407090/foods-and-beverages-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies-an-update-of-the-evidence-of-the-wcrf-aicr-continuous-update-project
#6
A R Vieira, L Abar, Dsm Chan, S Vingeliene, E Polemiti, C Stevens, D Greenwood, T Norat
Objective: As part of the World Cancer Research Fund International Continuous Update Project, we updated the systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies to quantify the dose-response between foods and beverages intake and colorectal cancer risk. Data Sources: PubMed and several databases up to May 31 st 2015. Study selection: Prospective studies reporting adjusted relative risk estimates for the association of specific food groups and beverages and risk of colorectal, colon and rectal cancer...
April 12, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397752/wholegrain-food-acceptance-in-young-singaporean-adults
#7
Jia En Neo, Iain A Brownlee
Previous epidemiological evidence suggests that habitual consumption of whole grains is associated with reduction of disease risk. While wholegrain food consumption appears to be increasing in Singapore, it is still low, with more infrequent consumption noted in younger Singaporeans. Therefore, the primary objective of this study is to determine the knowledge of whole grains and barriers to consumption of wholegrain foods. Thirty participants (age range 21-26 year, 19 females) took part in two focus groups separated by a 2-week period in which participants trialled a range of wholegrain foods...
April 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397016/food-groups-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#8
Lukas Schwingshackl, Georg Hoffmann, Anna-Maria Lampousi, Sven Knüppel, Khalid Iqbal, Carolina Schwedhelm, Angela Bechthold, Sabrina Schlesinger, Heiner Boeing
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to synthesize the knowledge about the relation between intake of 12 major food groups and risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). We conducted a systematic search in PubMed, Embase, Medline (Ovid), Cochrane Central, and Google Scholar for prospective studies investigating the association between whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) on risk of T2D. Summary relative risks were estimated using a random effects model by contrasting categories, and for linear and non-linear dose-response relationships...
April 10, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393974/-origin-components-and-mechanisms-of-action-of-the-mediterranean-diet
#9
Inés Urquiaga, Guadalupe Echeverría, Catalina Dussaillant, Attilio Rigotti
The Mediterranean diet is currently considered a healthy dietary pattern. It includes a great variety of foods, which are eaten in moderation and within a positive social environment. The generic term "Mediterranean diet" was born after the "Seven Countries Study" led by Ancel Keys around 1960. This dietary pattern is characterized by a high intake of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, fish, white meats and olive oil. It also includes moderate consumption of fermented dairy products, low intake of red meat and drinking wine with moderation during meals...
January 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391735/diet-derived-changes-by-sourdough-fermented-rye-bread-in-exhaled-breath-aspiration-ion-mobility-spectrometry-profiles-in-individuals-with-mild-gastrointestinal-symptoms
#10
Kaisa Raninen, Jenni Lappi, Mikko Kolehmainen, Marjukka Kolehmainen, Hannu Mykkänen, Kaisa Poutanen, Olavi Raatikainen
The potential of utilising exhaled breath volatile organic compound (VOC) profiles in studying diet-derived metabolic changes was examined. After a four-week initial diet period with white wheat bread (WW), seven participants received in randomised order high-fibre diets containing sourdough whole grain rye bread (WGR) or white wheat bread enriched with bioprocessed rye bran (WW + BRB), both for 4 weeks. Alveolar exhaled breath samples were analysed with ChemPro(®)100i analyser (Environics OY, Mikkeli, Finland) at the end of each diet period in fasting state and after a standardised meal...
April 9, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387789/evolution-of-wood-anatomical-characters-in-nepenthes-and-close-relatives-of-caryophyllales
#11
Rachel Schwallier, Barbara Gravendeel, Hugo de Boer, Stephan Nylinder, Bertie Joan van Heuven, Anton Sieder, Sukaibin Sumail, Rogier van Vugt, Frederic Lens
Background and Aims: Nepenthes attracts wide attention with its spectacularly shaped carnivorous pitchers, cultural value and horticultural curiosity. Despite the plant's iconic fascination, surprisingly little anatomical detail is known about the genus beyond its modified leaf tip traps. Here, the wood anatomical diversity of Nepenthes is explored. This diversity is further assessed with a phylogenetic framework to investigate whether the wood characters within the genus are relevant from an evolutionary or ecological perspective, or rather depend on differences in developmental stages, growth habits, substrates or precipitation...
April 6, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386305/a-fermented-whole-grain-prevents-lipopolysaccharides-induced-dysfunction-in-human-endothelial-progenitor-cells
#12
Laura Giusti, Morena Gabriele, Giuseppe Penno, Monia Garofolo, Vincenzo Longo, Stefano Del Prato, Daniela Lucchesi, Laura Pucci
Endogenous and exogenous signals derived by the gut microbiota such as lipopolysaccharides (LPS) orchestrate inflammatory responses contributing to development of the endothelial dysfunction associated with atherosclerosis in obesity, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), bone marrow derived stem cells, promote recovery of damaged endothelium playing a pivotal role in cardiovascular repair. Since healthy nutrition improves EPCs functions, we evaluated the effect of a fermented grain, Lisosan G (LG), on early EPCs exposed to LPS...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382894/associations-between-dietary-patterns-and-serum-lipids-apo-and-c-reactive-protein-in-an-adult-population-evidence-from-a-multi-city-cohort-in-south-america
#13
Rosana Poggio, Natalia Elorriaga, Laura Gutierrez, Vilma Irazola, Adolfo Rubinstein, Goodarz Danaei
Several previous epidemiological studies from developed countries have shown that an unhealthy dietary pattern affects plasma lipid levels and inflammation biomarkers. We assessed the cross-sectional associations between dietary patterns and cardiovascular risk factors among 961 adults from a multi-city cohort in South America. We conducted a principal component analysis to derive dietary patterns. As outcomes, we examined plasma levels of apo A-I, apo B, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), LDL-, HDL- and serum total cholesterol and TAG...
February 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382889/values-for-digestible-indispensable-amino-acid-scores-diaas-for-some-dairy-and-plant-proteins-may-better-describe-protein-quality-than-values-calculated-using-the-concept-for-protein-digestibility-corrected-amino-acid-scores-pdcaas
#14
John K Mathai, Yanhong Liu, Hans H Stein
An experiment was conducted to compare values for digestible indispensable amino acid scores (DIAAS) for four animal proteins and four plant proteins with values calculated as recommended for protein digestibility-corrected amino acid scores (PDCAAS), but determined in pigs instead of in rats. Values for standardised total tract digestibility (STTD) of crude protein (CP) and standardised ileal digestibility (SID) of amino acids (AA) were calculated for whey protein isolate (WPI), whey protein concentrate (WPC), milk protein concentrate (MPC), skimmed milk powder (SMP), pea protein concentrate (PPC), soya protein isolate (SPI), soya flour and whole-grain wheat...
February 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382002/the-1-particle-per-k-nucleotides-1pkn-elastic-network-model-of-dna-dynamics-with-sequence-dependent-geometry
#15
Takeru Kameda, Shuhei Isami, Yuichi Togashi, Hiraku Nishimori, Naoaki Sakamoto, Akinori Awazu
Coarse-grained models of DNA have made important contributions to the determination of the physical properties of genomic DNA, working as a molecular machine for gene regulation. In this study, to analyze the global dynamics of long DNA sequences with consideration of sequence-dependent geometry, we propose elastic network models of DNA where each particle represents k nucleotides (1-particle-per-k-nucleotides, 1PkN). The models were adjusted according to profiles of the anisotropic fluctuations obtained from our previous 1-particle-per-1-nucleotide (1P1N) model, which was proven to reproduce such profiles of all-atom models...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380598/dietary-whole-and-cracked-linseed-increases-the-proportion-of-oleic-and-%C3%AE-linolenic-acids-in-adipose-tissues-and-decreases-stearoyl-coenzyme-a-desaturase-acetyl-coenzyme-a-carboxylase-and-fatty-acid-synthase-gene-expression-in-the-longissimus-thoracis-muscle
#16
X Z Li, C G Yan, J Yu, Q S Gao, S H Choi, J S Shin, S B Smith
We hypothesized that supplementation of linseed in a beef cattle fattening diet would increase PUFA concentrations in intramuscular adipose tissue and depress (), (), and () gene expression by decreasing () expression. Conversely, supplemental linseed would upregulate expression of () and () in muscle of Yanbian Yellow steers. Thirty steers were assigned at random to 3 groups of 10 steers fed either the basal diet (corn grain and corn silage-based commercial concentrate [CON]), the CON diet plus 8% whole linseed (WLS; DM basis), or the CON diet plus 8% cracked linseed (CLS; DM basis) for 6 mo...
February 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372220/formulation-and-processing-factors-affecting-trichothecene-mycotoxins-within-industrial-biscuit-making
#17
Silvia Generotti, Martina Cirlini, Bojan Šarkanj, Michael Sulyok, Franz Berthiller, Chiara Dall'Asta, Michele Suman
Food processing, especially thermal treatment, may have implications on mycotoxins in products available for consumers. This research work aimed to study how mycotoxin levels may be influenced by modifying the technological parameters of both whole grain and cocoa biscuit-making processes. The study was mainly focused on the following mycotoxins: deoxynivalenol, deoxynivalenol-3-glucoside, and the minor metabolite culmorin. Special emphasis was given to the recipe formulation, and to the baking conditions, using an industrial-scale operation, starting from naturally contaminated raw materials...
August 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371239/the-mediterranean-dietary-pattern-as-the-diet-of-choice-for-nafld-evidence-and-plausible-mechanisms
#18
Shira Zelber-Sagi, Federico Salomone, Liat Mlynarsky
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a major global health burden, leading to increased risk for cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Lifestyle intervention aiming at weight reduction is the most established treatment. However, changing the dietary composition even without weight loss can also reduce steatosis and improve metabolic alterations as insulin resistance and lipid profile. The Mediterranean diet (MD) pattern has been proposed as appropriate for this goal, and was recommended as the diet of choice for the treatment of NAFLD by the EASL-EASD-EASO Clinical Practice Guidelines...
April 2, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369349/genome-sequence-of-a-rice-pest-the-white-backed-planthopper-sogatella-furcifera
#19
Lin Wang, Nan Tang, Xinlei Gao, Zhaoxia Chang, Liqin Zhang, Guohui Zhou, Dongyang Guo, Zhen Zeng, Wenjie Li, Ibukun A Akinyemi, Huanming Yang, Qingfa Wu
Background: Sogatella furcifera is an important phloem sap-sucking and plant virus-transmitting migratory insect of rice. Because of its high reproductive potential, dispersal capability and transmission of plant viral diseases, S. furcifera causes considerable damage to rice grain production and has great economical and agricultural impacts. Comprehensive studies into ecological aspects and virus-host interactions of S. furcifera have been limited because of the lack of a well-assembled genome sequence...
January 1, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363010/genetic-and-molecular-characterization-of-multiflorous-spikelet-in-oat
#20
C M Zimmer, I P Ubert, K Pellizzaro, L C Federizzi, I C Nava
Multiflorous spikelets are found in several grass species of agricultural and economic interest. In oat, this morphological characteristic is associated with the production of naked grains. Although many genetic studies have been performed over the past century, the inheritance of the multiflorous spikelet trait is not fully understood in oat. The objectives of this study were to evaluate environmental effects on the multiflorous spikelet trait, to estimate the number of genes controlling the trait, and to clone and characterize sequences of the AP2 gene in oat...
March 30, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
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