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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728903/utility-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-the-diagnosis-of-appendicitis-during-pregnancy-a-canadian-experience
#1
Michael Burns, Cameron J Hague, Patrick Vos, Pari Tiwari, Sam M Wiseman
PURPOSE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the performance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the diagnosis of appendicitis during pregnancy. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all MRI scans performed at our institution, between 2006 and 2012, for the evaluation of suspected appendicitis in pregnant women. Details of the MRI scans performed were obtained from the radiology information system as well as details of any ultrasounds carried out for the same indication...
July 17, 2017: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702187/procedure-applications-and-outcomes-of-autologous-fat-grafting
#2
REVIEW
Francesco Simonacci, Nicolò Bertozzi, Michele Pio Grieco, Eugenio Grignaffini, Edoardo Raposio
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the procedure, applications, and outcomes of autologous fat grafting, a promising technique with various clinical applications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Literature review of publications concerning autologous fat grafting. RESULTS: Since its introduction, lipofilling has become increasingly popular; however, its results are variable and unpredictable. Several modifications have been made to the procedures of fat harvesting, processing, and injecting...
August 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693514/disparities-in-dietary-intake-and-physical-activity-patterns-across-the-urbanization-divide-in-the-peruvian-andes
#3
Morgan L McCloskey, Carla E Tarazona-Meza, Jessica C Jones-Smith, Catherine H Miele, Robert H Gilman, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, J Jaime Miranda, William Checkley
BACKGROUND: Diet and activity are thought to worsen with urbanization, thereby increasing risk of obesity and chronic diseases. A better understanding of dietary and activity patterns across the urbanization divide may help identify pathways, and therefore intervention targets, leading to the epidemic of overweight seen in low- and middle-income populations. Therefore, we sought to characterize diet and activity in a population-based study of urban and rural residents in Puno, Peru. METHODS: We compared diet and activity in 1005 (503 urban, 502 rural) participants via a lifestyle questionnaire...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679380/a-novel-botanical-formula-prevents-diabetes-by-improving-insulin-resistance
#4
Juntao Kan, Rodney A Velliquette, Kerry Grann, Charlie R Burns, Jeff Scholten, Feng Tian, Qi Zhang, Min Gui
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and the prevalence has increased significantly in recent decades to epidemic proportions in China. Individually, fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum) seed, mulberry (Morus alba L.) leaf and American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) root can improve glycemia in various animal models and humans with impaired glucose metabolism and T2DM. The aim of this study was to design an optimized botanical formula containing these herbal extracts as a nutritional strategy for the prevention of insulin resistance and T2DM...
July 5, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644688/intraosseous-administration-of-antidotes-a-systematic-review
#5
Audrée Elliott, Pierre-André Dubé, Amélie Cossette-Côté, Laura Patakfalvi, Eric Villeneuve, Martin Morris, Sophie Gosselin
CONTEXT: Intraosseous (IO) access is an established route of administration in resuscitation situations. Patients with serious poisoning presenting to the emergency department may require urgent antidote therapy. However, intravenous (IV) access is not always readily available. OBJECTIVE: This study reviews the current evidence for IO administration of antidotes that could be used in poisoning. The primary outcome was mortality as a surrogate of efficacy. Secondary outcomes included hemodynamic variables, electrocardiographic variables, neurological status, pharmacokinetics outcomes, and adverse effects as defined by each article...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634507/susceptibility-weighted-imaging-diagnosis-of-cerebral-fat-embolism
#6
Joseph D Burns, Daniel Noujaim, Brian J Scott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Neurohospitalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631015/ask-yeast-how-to-burn-your-fats-lessons-learned-from-the-metabolic-adaptation-to-salt-stress
#7
REVIEW
Amparo Pascual-Ahuir, Sara Manzanares-Estreder, Alba Timón-Gómez, Markus Proft
Here, we review and update the recent advances in the metabolic control during the adaptive response of budding yeast to hyperosmotic and salt stress, which is one of the best understood signaling events at the molecular level. This environmental stress can be easily applied and hence has been exploited in the past to generate an impressively detailed and comprehensive model of cellular adaptation. It is clear now that this stress modulates a great number of different physiological functions of the cell, which altogether contribute to cellular survival and adaptation...
June 19, 2017: Current Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626103/-study-on-lifestyle-in-patients-with-gastroesophageal-%C3%A2-reflux-disease
#8
Lingzhi Yuan, Dan Tang, Jin Peng, Nanfang Qu, Chun Yue, Fen Wang
To investigate the correlation between certain unhealthy lifestyles and the incidence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), thus to provide the lifestyle guidelines for GERD patients.
 Methods: Retrospective study were conducted for 402 GERD and 276 non-GERD out-patients in Department of Gastroenterology, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from August, 2014 to August, 2015 based on questionnaire survey, then the correlation of unhealthy lifestyles with GERD were analyzed.
 Results: The top 10 common symptoms for GERD were as follows: reflux, acid regurgitation, postprandial fullness, heartburn, swallow obstruction or pain, epigastric burning sensation, paraesthesia pharynges, poststernal pain, chronic laryngopharyngitis, and chronic cough...
May 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586124/shp-deletion-prevents-hepatic-steatosis-and-when-combined-with-fxr-loss-protects-against-type-2-diabetes
#9
Oludemilade Akinrotimi, Ryan Riessen, Philip VanDuyne, Jung Eun Park, Yoon Kwang Lee, Lee-Jun Wong, Ann M Zavacki, Kristina Schoonjans, Sayeepriyadarshini Anakk
Nuclear receptors Farnesoid X Receptor (FXR) and Small Heterodimer Partner (SHP) are important regulators of bile acid, lipid and glucose homeostasis. Here we show that global Fxr (-/-) Shp(-/-) double knockout (DKO) mice are refractory to weight gain, glucose intolerance and hepatic steatosis when challenged with high-fat diet. DKO mice display an inherently increased capacity to burn fat and suppress de novo hepatic lipid synthesis. Moreover, DKO mice are also very active and that correlates well with the observed increase in Pepck expression, type IA fibers and mitochondrial function in the skeletal muscle...
June 6, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585209/influence-of-antioxidants-on-leptin-metabolism-and-its-role-in-the-pathogenesis-of-obesity
#10
Harald Mangge, Christian Ciardi, Kathrin Becker, Barbara Strasser, Dietmar Fuchs, Johanna M Gostner
Obesity is associated with low-grade inflammation. Leptin, a hormone made by fat cells regulates appetite and hunger and thus food intake behavior. Interestingly, , food preservatives like sodium sulfite and sodium benzoate and also natural colorant and spice compounds such as curcumin were found to decrease the release of leptin in murine 3T3-L1 adipocytes, after co-incubation with LPS, which was added to mimic the pro-inflammatory status in obesity. Several of these compounds are well known food antioxidants...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574873/physical-activity-not-sedentary-time-predicts-dxa-measured-adiposity-age-5-19-years
#11
Kathleen F Janz, Piroska Boros, Elena M Letuchy, Soyang Kwon, Trudy L Burns, Steven M Levy
PURPOSE: To examine the associations among physical activity (PA), sedentary time (SED), and TV viewing (TV) with fat mass (FAT) and visceral adipose tissue mass (VAT) from childhood through adolescence (5-19 years). METHODS: Participants in the Iowa Bone Development Study (n = 230 males and 233 females) were examined at ages 5, 8, 11, 13, 15, 17 & 19 years. Accelerometers measured moderate- or vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA; min/day), light-intensity PA (LPA; min/day), and SED (h/day)...
June 2, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571802/a-homologous-stem-cell-therapy-for-obesity-and-its-related-metabolic-disorders
#12
Dinh-Toi Chu, Yang Tao
Obesity and overweight have become a leading health problem in the world. But we have not yet had any optimal therapy to prevent this health issue. Accumulating evidence suggests that there is existence of functional brown/brite adipocytes in both infants and adult humans, and the activated brown/brite can burn energy by generating heat. These adipocytes can be differentiated from stem cells and transplantation of pre-activated human thermogenic adipocytes in vitro benefits to glucose homeostasis, insulin sensitivity and reduces body fat in normal or obese immunodeficient mice...
June 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545164/loss-of-appendicular-muscle-mass-in-haemodialysis-patients-is-associated-with-increased-self-reported-depression-anxiety-and-lower-general-health-scores
#13
Helen Alston, Aine Burns, Andrew Davenport
AIMS: Depressive symptoms are commonly reported by haemodialysis (HD) patients. Previous reports have suggested an association between depression and nutritional status. To investigate this, we measured muscle mass in HD patients screened for depression. METHODS: The Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were used to screen for depression, and quality of life assessed by the short form 36 (SF36), and measured appendicular lean mass (ALM) post-dialysis with segmental bioimpedance...
May 25, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507824/non-invasive-radiofrequency-field-treatment-to-produce-hepatic-hyperthermia-efficacy-and-safety-in-swine
#14
Jason C Ho, Lam Nguyen, Justin J Law, Matthew J Ware, V Keshishian, N C Lara, Trac Nguyen, Steven A Curley, Stuart J Corr
The Kanzius non-invasive radio-frequency hyperthermia system (KNiRFH) has been investigated as a treatment option for hepatic hyperthermia cancer therapy. The treatment involves exposing the patient to an external high-power RF (13.56 MHz) electric field, whereby the propagating waves penetrate deep into the tumor causing targeted heating based on differential tissue dielectric properties. However, a comprehensive examination of the Kanzius system alongside any associated toxicities and its ability to induce hepatic hyperthermia in larger animal models, such as swine, are the subjects of the work herein...
2017: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467737/effect-of-a-randomised-12-week-resistance-training-programme-on-muscular-strength-cross-sectional-area-and-muscle-quality-in-women-having-undergone-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#15
Paul Daniels, Ryan D Burns, Timothy A Brusseau, Morgan S Hall, Lance Davidson, Ted D Adams, Patricia Eisenman
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a 12-week resistance training programme on fat-free mass (FFM), muscle cross-sectional area, muscular strength and muscle quality in women who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Participants were 16 women (mean age = 44.9 ± 10.2 years) from bariatric surgical groups who were randomly assigned into either a control or an intervention group. Air displacement plethysmography measured FFM and magnetic resonance imaging measured quadriceps muscle cross-sectional area and whole thigh muscle cross-sectional area...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459108/cachexia-brown-fat-a-burning-issue-in-cancer
#16
Serkan Kir, Bruce M Spiegelman
Cachexia, a progressive weight loss in cancer patients that results from tumor-induced energy wasting, is a serious problem that interferes with response to treatment and affects quality of life. Recent studies suggest that thermogenesis of adipose tissues is involved in energy wasting and also point to a link between the atrophy of fat and muscle. Tumor-derived PTHrP has emerged as a key molecule playing multiple roles in cachexia, from fat "browning" factor to potential therapeutic target.
September 2016: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458987/migration-of-aluminum-from-food-contact-materials-to-food-a-health-risk-for-consumers-part-iii-of-iii-migration-of-aluminum-to-food-from-camping-dishes-and-utensils-made-of-aluminum
#17
Thorsten Stahl, Sandy Falk, Alice Rohrbeck, Sebastian Georgii, Christin Herzog, Alexander Wiegand, Svenja Hotz, Bruce Boschek, Holger Zorn, Hubertus Brunn
BACKGROUND: When cooking on a barbecue grill, consumers often use aluminum grill pans. For one, the pan catches the fats and oils that would drip into the embers causing the formation of potentially noxious smoke, and the pan also protects the food from being burned by direct heat from the coals. In addition, new aluminum products for use in ovens and grills are becoming increasingly popular. Due to their light weight and excellent heat transfer camping, utensils made of aluminum are, for example, often used by fishermen and mountain climbers...
2017: Environmental Sciences Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445518/use-of-human-fat-grafting-in-the-prevention-of-perineural-adherence-experimental-study-in-athymic-mouse
#18
Mario Cherubino, Igor Pellegatta, Alessandro Crosio, Luigi Valdatta, Stefano Geuna, Rosalba Gornati, Pierluigi Tos
Perineural adherences represent a problem after surgery involving peripheral neural system. Fat-grafting with adipose derived stem cells (ASCs) with their pro-regenerative characteristics can be important to prevent the neural damage or to facilitate the neural regeneration. Our idea was to use the fat-grafting as an anti-adherence device and test its efficacy on a postsurgical scar animal model and comparing to an antiadhesive gel. 32 athymic mice were operated under magnification, we exposed both sciatic nerves...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433617/induced-and-controlled-dietary-ketosis-as-a-regulator-of-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-pathologies
#19
Madeline K Gibas, Kelly J Gibas
A worsening epidemic of diabetes and its precursor, metabolic syndrome (MetS) is engulfing America. A healthy individual, with proper glucose regulation has an ability to switch between burning fat and carbohydrates. It has been suggested that signaling errors within this homeostatic system, characterized by impaired switching of substrate oxidation from glucose to fat in response to insulin, can contribute to the etiology of metabolic syndrome and occurs before the development of type II diabetes. Glucose regulation with restored insulin sensitivity facilitated through clinically regulated, benign dietary ketosis (BDK), may significantly reduce, regulate and reverse the adverse pathologies common to MetS and obesity...
March 28, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432775/application-for-lower-facial-fat-reduction-and-tightening-by-static-type-monopolar-1-mhz-radio-frequency%C3%A2-for-body-contouring
#20
Jun Sugawara, Seiko Kou, Kenichi Kokubo, Aimi Kuroda, Yoshie Hashizume, Shinji Kobayashi, Jirou Maegawa, Toshihiko Satake
INTRODUCTION: Liposuction and mesotherapy are popular treatments for fat reduction of lower face, but because these treatments are invasive, a novel non-invasive treatment with similar or better efficacy has been sought. There are various devices such as CoolSculpt, laser, RF, and HIFU that are used as non-invasive treatments for fat reduction and body contouring, but these applications have not been applied to facial fat reduction. In this study, we selected Monopolar 1-MHz RF for body contouring to be applied for fat reduction and tightening of the lower face...
April 22, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
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