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microRNA IBD

Archana Prabahar, Jeyakumar Natarajan
Autoimmune diseases (AIDs) are incurable but suppressible diseases whose molecular mechanisms are yet to be elucidated. In this work, we selected five systemic autoimmune diseases such as Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), Type 1 Diabetes (T1D), Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), Autoimmune Thyroid Disease (ATD) and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) and integrated their heterogeneous data such as miRNA, transcription factor (TF), target genes and protein-protein interactions involved in these AIDs to understand their roles at different functional levels of miRNA such as transcription initiation, gene regulatory network formation and post transcriptional regulation...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Immunological Methods
Cinzia Ciccacci, Cristina Politi, Livia Biancone, Andrea Latini, Giuseppe Novelli, Emma Calabrese, Paola Borgiani
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are multifactorial disorders that result from a dysregulated inflammatory response to environmental factors in genetically predisposed individuals. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to be involved in the development of IBDs. AIMS: We investigated common variants in five miRNA genes in a cohort of Italian IBD patients, to evaluate their possible role in the disease's susceptibility and phenotype manifestations...
October 7, 2016: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
Shay Ben-Shachar, Henit Yanai, Hadas Sherman Horev, Hofit Elad, Liran Baram, Ofer Issakov, Hagit Tulchinsky, Metsada Pasmanik-Chor, Noam Shomron, Iris Dotan
BACKGROUND: Gene expression alterations are associated with disease behavior in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). microRNAs (miRNAs) are dominant in the regulation of gene expression, and may affect IBD phenotype. Our aim was to assess mucosal miRNA expression in IBD and the correlation with intestinal inflammation. METHODS: We performed a large-scale analysis of ileal mucosal miRNA. Biopsies were retrieved from patients with ileal Crohn's disease (CD), unoperated ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, UC patients after pouch surgery, and normal controls (NC)...
2016: PloS One
Donald R B Miles, Jun Shen, Alice Y Chuang, Fenshi Dong, Feng Wu, John Kwon
BACKGROUND: In inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), an inappropriate immune response leads to chronic mucosal inflammation. This response may be partly due to dysregulation of defensins, which are endogenously produced antimicrobial peptides. This study determined whether microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate α-defensin 5 (DEFA5), which could further implicate both in IBD pathogenesis. METHODS: Induction of DEFA5 mRNA and protein expression was determined in Caco-2 cells. An in silico analysis identified putative miRNA binding sites of DEFA5...
April 2016: J Inflamm Bowel Dis Disord
Anet A Soubières, Andrew Poullis
There is currently no single test available to confidently diagnose cases of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Physicians rely on a number of diagnostic tools, including clinical evaluation, serum testing, and imaging, which are used on conjunction with endoscopic evaluation. It is often difficult to determine whether patients with abdominal pain and change in bowel habit have functional bowel symptoms or whether they have a true diagnosis of IBD. Even once a diagnosis of IBD has been made, a significant proportion of patients are labeled with the term "indeterminate colitis" where histological sampling cannot confidently subclassify patients as either Crohn's or ulcerative colitis...
August 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Haidar Shamran, Narendra P Singh, Elizabeth E Zumbrun, Angela Murphy, Dennis D Taub, Manoj K Mishra, Robert L Price, Saurabh Chatterjee, Mitzi Nagarkatti, Prakash S Nagarkatti, Udai P Singh
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), which is thought to result from immune-mediated inflammatory disorders, leads to high morbidity and health care cost. Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) is an enzyme crucially involved in the modulation of intestinal physiology through anandamide (AEA) and other endocannabinoids. Here we examined the effects of an FAAH inhibitor (FAAH-II), on dextran sodium sulphate (DSS)-induced experimental colitis in mice. Treatments with FAAH-II improved overall clinical scores by reversing weight loss and colitis-associated pathogenesis...
June 17, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Mingzhen Zhang, Emilie Viennois, Meena Prasad, Yunchen Zhang, Lixin Wang, Zhan Zhang, Moon Kwon Han, Bo Xiao, Changlong Xu, Shanthi Srinivasan, Didier Merlin
There is a clinical need for new, more effective treatments for chronic and debilitating inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. In this study, we characterized a specific population of nanoparticles derived from edible ginger (GDNPs 2) and demonstrated their efficient colon targeting following oral administration. GDNPs 2 had an average size of ∼230 nm and exhibited a negative zeta potential. These nanoparticles contained high levels of lipids, a few proteins, ∼125 microRNAs (miRNAs), and large amounts of ginger bioactive constituents (6-gingerol and 6-shogaol)...
September 2016: Biomaterials
Vipul Yadav, Felipe Varum, Roberto Bravo, Esther Furrer, Daniela Bojic, Abdul W Basit
Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are the 2 major phenotypes of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which are influenced by a complex interplay of immunological and genetic elements, though the precise etiology still remains unknown. With IBD developing into a globally prevailing disease, there is a need to explore new targets and a thorough understanding of the pathophysiological differences between the healthy and diseased gut could unearth new therapeutic opportunities. In this review, we provide an overview of the major aspects of IBD pathogenesis and thereafter present a comprehensive analysis of the gut pathophysiology leading to a discussion on some of the most promising targets and biologic therapies currently being explored...
October 2016: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
Jeremy S Schaefer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: MicroRNAs (miRNAs), small noncoding RNA molecules of approximately 22 nucleotides, have emerged as critical mediators of gene expression. As the dysregulation of gene expression can have far reaching impact on health and disease, miRNAs are being examined as potent new mediators of disease as either biomarkers or potential therapeutic targets. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the contribution of miRNAs to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) pathophysiology. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have evaluated the expression of miRNAs in tissue and body fluid specimens from patients with the main subtypes of IBD - Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis...
July 2016: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
Ricci J Haines, Richard S Beard, Rebecca A Eitner, Liwei Chen, Mack H Wu
Since inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) represent significant morbidity and mortality in the US, the need for defining novel drug targets and inflammatory mechanisms would be of considerable benefit. Although protein tyrosine kinase 6 (PTK6, also known as breast tumor kinase BRK) has been primarily studied in an oncogenic context, it was noted that PTK6 null mice exhibited significantly enhanced colonic epithelial barrier function. Considering that the inflammatory functions of PTK6 have not yet been explored, we hypothesized that cytokines responsible for mediating IBD, such as TNFα/IFNγ, may solicit the action of PTK6 to alter barrier function...
2016: PloS One
Nina Zidar, Emanuela Boštjančič, Miha Jerala, Nika Kojc, David Drobne, Borut Štabuc, Damjan Glavač
Fibrosis is an important feature of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), particularly Crohn's disease (CD), but its pathogenesis is poorly understood. To determine the postulated involvement of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in the development of fibrosis in IBD, we analysed the expression profiles of the miR-200 family which has been shown to induce EMT in experimental models and various human diseases. We also analysed the expression of Snail and Slug, postulated targets of the investigated microRNAs...
October 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Min Zhu, Diangeng Li, Meiling Jin, Mingyang Li
Common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in precursor microRNAs may change their properties via altering the expression of miRNAs, resulting in diverse functional consequences. The present study evaluated the effects of four common SNPs in pro-miRNAs on the risk of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and IBD‑associated colorectal cancer (IBD-CRC). In a hospital based case‑control investigation in a Chinese population, 468 patients with IBD and 450 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects were enrolled in the present study...
June 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Hye-Youn Kim, Hyeok Yi Kwon, Huyen Trang Ha Thi, Ho Jae Lee, Gwang Il Kim, Ki-Baek Hahm, Suntaek Hong
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Although many progresses have been achieved for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), it is still remained as idiopathic disease to be completely controlled. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as key players in many human diseases through degradation or translational inhibition of target genes. Because role of miRNAs in IBD is not completely understood yet, we need to identify miRNAs as novel targets for treatment of IBD. METHODS: Microarray analysis for miRNAs was performed using dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis samples and selected differentially regulated miRNAs...
February 15, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Huiling Wang, Shenghong Zhang, Qiao Yu, Guang Yang, Jing Guo, Manying Li, Zhirong Zeng, Yao He, Baili Chen, Minhu Chen
Endoscopy is an important tool in screening and monitoring inflammatory bowel disease (IBD); however, it is invasive, costly, and associated with risks to the patients. Recently, circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as promising noninvasive biomarkers. We proposed that the expression of serum microRNA223 (miR-223) could be a biomarker for IBD.Studies were conducted using serum samples from 100 patients with IBD (50 with Crohn's disease [CD] and 50 with ulcerative colitis [UC]) and 50 healthy controls...
February 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Juneyoung Lee, Eun Jeong Park, Yoshikazu Yuki, Shandar Ahmad, Kenji Mizuguchi, Ken J Ishii, Motomu Shimaoka, Hiroshi Kiyono
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) accompany a critical loss of the frontline barrier function that is achieved primarily by intestinal epithelial cells (IECs). Although the gene-regulation pathways underlying these host-defense roles of IECs presumably are deranged during IBD pathogenesis, the quantitative and qualitative alterations of posttranscriptional regulators such as microRNAs (miRNAs) within the cells largely remain to be defined. We aimed to uncover the regulatory miRNA-target gene relationships that arise differentially in inflamed small- compared with large-IECs...
2015: Scientific Reports
Maria Gazouli
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are chronic, idiopathic, polygenic diseases with significant genetic heterogeneity. The two major types of IBD are Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UlC). It is well known that chronic intestinal inflammation results from the interplay of genetic, immunologic, and environmental factors, so the failure to properly downregulate nonspecific inflammation started by an environmental trigger may lead to the development of IBD. Recent studies indicate several microRNAs (miRNAs) as regulators of important pathways of the immune response and immune cell development, which are crucial to the pathogenesis of a variety of inflammatory diseases, including IBD...
2015: EXS
Kurt Fisher, Jingmei Lin
Idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) predominantly includes ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. The pathogenesis of IBD is complex and not completely understood. MicroRNAs belong to a class of noncoding small RNAs that post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression. Unique microRNA expression profiles have been explored in IBD. In this review, we focus on the unique microRNA expression pattern in both tissue and peripheral blood from IBD patients and emphasize the potential diagnostic and therapeutic applications...
November 21, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Zenaida P Lopez-Dee, Sridar V Chittur, Hiral Patel, Aleona Chinikaylo, Brittany Lippert, Bhumi Patel, Jack Lawler, Linda S Gutierrez
Colorectal Cancer (CRC) is one of the late complications observed in patients suffering from inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Carcinogenesis is promoted by persistent chronic inflammation occurring in IBD. Understanding the mechanisms involved is essential in order to ameliorate inflammation and prevent CRC. Thrombospondin 1 (TSP-1) is a multidomain glycoprotein with important roles in angiogenesis. The effects of TSP-1 in colonic tumor formation and growth were analyzed in a model of inflammation-induced carcinogenesis...
2015: PloS One
Sun Jung Kim
Previous studies have identified the immunological functions of transcription factor B lymphocyte-induced maturation protein-1 (Blimp-1) in various adaptive immune cell types such as T and B lymphocytes. More recently, it has been shown that Blimp-1 extends its functional roles to dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages, two cell types belonging to the innate immune system. The protein acts as a direct and indirect regulator of target genes by recruiting chromatin modification factors and by regulating microRNA expression, respectively...
December 2015: Immunologic Research
Brian W Kunkle, James Jaworski, Sandra Barral, Badri Vardarajan, Gary W Beecham, Eden R Martin, Laura S Cantwell, Amanda Partch, Thomas D Bird, Wendy H Raskind, Anita L DeStefano, Regina M Carney, Michael Cuccaro, Jeffrey M Vance, Lindsay A Farrer, Alison M Goate, Tatiana Foroud, Richard P Mayeux, Gerard D Schellenberg, Jonathan L Haines, Margaret A Pericak-Vance
INTRODUCTION: Few high penetrance variants that explain risk in late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) families have been found. METHODS: We performed genome-wide linkage and identity-by-descent (IBD) analyses on 41 non-Hispanic white families exhibiting likely dominant inheritance of LOAD, and having no mutations at known familial Alzheimer's disease (AD) loci, and a low burden of APOE ε4 alleles. RESULTS: Two-point parametric linkage analysis identified 14 significantly linked regions, including three novel linkage regions for LOAD (5q32, 11q12...
January 2016: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
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