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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737657/intensive-care-solely-to-facilitate-organ-donation-new-challenges
#1
Helen Opdam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736011/pediatric-donor-to-adult-recipients-in-donation-after-cardiac-death-liver-transplantation-a-single-center-experience
#2
C Lan, J L Song, L N Yan, J Y Yang, T F Wen, B Li, M Q Xu
BACKGROUND: The impact of using liver allografts from donors who are younger than 14 years at the time of donation after cardiac death (DCD) liver transplantation in terms of early allograft dysfunction (EAD) and graft survival is undefined. To determine if adults undergoing DCD liver transplantation who receive a graft from a donor age younger than or equal to 13 years have similar outcomes to recipients of organs from older than 18-year-old donors. METHODS: Records from adult patients undergoing DCD liver transplantation between March 2012 and December 2015 who received whole grafts from donors after cardiac death were reviewed...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736009/beliefs-of-living-donors-about-recipients-end-stage-liver-failure-and-surgery-for-organ-donation
#3
M R Krespi, A Tankurt, K Acarli, T Kanmaz, Y Yankol, M Kalayoglu
BACKGROUND: The concept of beliefs could provide a basis for how donors may perceive recipients' end-stage liver failure (ESLF) and surgery for organ donation. However, there is no such quantitative study. Therefore, the objective of this study was to explore beliefs of living donors about recipients' ESLF and surgery for organ donation. METHODS: The sample comprised 16 living donors who donated a part of their liver to a patient who had ESLF. The data were analyzed by following established procedures for inductive qualitative analysis...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735985/attitude-and-impact-factors-toward-organ-transplantation-and-donation-among-transplantation-nurses-in-china
#4
J-F Xie, C-Y Wang, G-P He, Y-Z Ming, Q-Q Wan, J Liu, L-N Gong, L-F Liu
BACKGROUND: Health workers' awareness and knowledge of transplantation medicine can improve people's sensitivity and reduce their degree of opposition to donations. The medical literature contains numerous examples of attitudes toward organ transplantation and donation aimed at university students or medical staff members, but rarely for transplantation nurses. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of the study were to investigate the attitudes toward organ transplantation and donation among transplantation nurses and to explore the impact factors...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735984/preliminary-analysis-of-competency-assessment-of-organ-donation-coordinators-in-hunan-province-china
#5
A Luo, W Xie, J Luo, X Deng
BACKGROUND: The organ donation coordinator is indispensable in the process of organ donation and transplantation. The competency of coordinators is closely related to the organ donation rate. OBJECTIVE: 1) To construct a competency assessment system for organ donation coordinators; and 2) to evaluate the competency level of coordinators in Hunan province. METHODS: We constructed the competency model framework for coordinators based on the McClelland competency model and then extracted and screened the competency indicators by interview and Delphi methods...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735983/factors-influencing-the-willingness-of-allied-health-students-to-donate-organs-or-tissues
#6
S H Elsafi, M M Al-Adwani, K M Al-Jubran, M M Abu Hassan, E M Al Zahrani
BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the number of patients waiting for organ transplantation. METHODS: A questionnaire on knowledge and attitude toward organ donation was completed by 434 allied health students. RESULTS: Overall knowledge about the various aspects of organ donation was adequate and was higher among women and clinical students. Although the majority were willing to be living donors for their families, very few students supported deceased organ donation, and even fewer of them had thought about an organ donation card...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735982/a-standardized-donor-designation-ratio-to-assess-the-performance-of-driver-s-license-agencies
#7
N K R Sehgal, C Sullivan, M Figueroa, J A Pencak, D Einstadter, J D Thornton
Evaluating Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) locations based on the percent of patrons who register as donors does not account for individual characteristics that may influence willingness to donate. We reviewed the driver's licenses of 2997 randomly selected patients at an urban medical system to obtain donor designation, age, gender, and DMV location and linked patient addresses with census tract data on race, ethnicity, income, and education. We then developed a Standardized Donor Designation Ratio (SDDR) (ie, the observed number of donors at each DMV divided by the expected number of donors based on patient demographic characteristics)...
July 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732950/ultrasonic-assisted-synthesis-of-two-urea-functionalized-metal-organic-frameworks-for-phenol-sensing-a-comparative-study
#8
Leili Esrafili, Alireza Azhdari Tehrani, Ali Morsali
Two pillared metal-organic frameworks containing urea functional groups were synthesized by a sonochemical method and characterized by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, IR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. The time of sonication and concentration of starting materials have been optimized to synthesize nanoparticles of TMU-31 and TMU-32. These two frameworks are interesting candidates for a comparative fluorescence study. Thus, their potential abilities for phenol sensing were investigated...
November 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731905/validation-of-the-prognostic-kidney-donor-risk-index-kdri-scoring-system-of-deceased-donors-for-renal-transplantation-in-the-netherlands
#9
Hessel Peters-Sengers, Martin B A Heemskerk, Ronald B Geskus, Jesper Kers, Jaap J Homan van der Heide, Stefan P Berger, Frederike J Bemelman
BACKGROUND: The prognostic Kidney Donor Risk Index (KDRI)-developed and internally validated in the US-is a widely-used tool to predict transplant outcome of a deceased donor kidney. The KDRI is currently used for longevity matching between donors and recipients in the US. METHODS: We aimed to externally validate the KDRI as proposed by Rao et al, (2009) containing 10 donor factors (KDRIdonor-only) and 1 with 4 additional transplant factors (KDRIfull), with stratification on recipient age and diabetes...
July 21, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730094/organ-transplantation-scandal-influencing-corneal-donation-rate
#10
Tobias Röck, Matthias Bramkamp, Karl Ulrich Bartz-Schmidt, Daniel Röck
In the majority of countries, there is a shortage of donor corneas for corneal transplantations. This study investigated the impact of organ transplantation scandals on corneal donation rate at the University Hospital Tübingen. Each deceased patient was considered as a potential corneal donor. An ophthalmic resident handled with stable methods of procedures the corneal donor procurement from 2009 to 2015. The rates of corneal donation were examined and analyzed. Among the 5712 hospital deaths, consent for corneal donation was obtained in 711 cases...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729907/current-status-of-pediatric-transplantation-in-japan
#11
REVIEW
Nao Nishimura, Mureo Kasahara, Kenji Ishikura, Satoshi Nakagawa
Brain-dead donor organ transplantation has been available to children in Japan since the 2010 revision of the Organ Transplant Law. Of the 50-60 brain-dead donor organ transplants performed annually in Japan, however, very few (0-4 per year) are performed in children. Again, while those receiving liver, heart, and kidney transplants are reported to fare better than their counterparts in the rest of the world, organ shortage is becoming a matter of great concern. Very few organs become available from brain-dead donors or are transplanted to adults if made available at all, with some children dying while on the brain-dead organ waiting list...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727995/physician-perceptions-about-living-organ-donation-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#12
S Ansari, M B Bromberg, S B Gibson
OBJECTIVES: Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) have expressed desire to become living organ donors but are unable to do so with current organ donation policies. Our objective is to assess ALS patient's interest in organ donation, and perceived concerns of this practice by ALS neurologists. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An electronic survey was administered to ALS neurologists across the United States regarding living organ donation in ALS patients prior to respiratory failure...
July 5, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726374/impact-of-thermal-annealing-on-organic-photovoltaic-cells-using-regioisomeric-donor-acceptor-acceptor-molecules
#13
Tao Zhang, Han Han, Yunlong Zou, Ying-Chi Lee, Hiroya Oshima, Ken-Tsung Wong, Russell J Holmes
We report a promising set of donor-acceptor-acceptor (D-A-A) electron-donor materials based on coplanar thieno[3,2-b]/[2,3-b]indole, benzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazole, and dicyanovinylene, which are found to show broadband absorption with high extinction coefficients. The role of the regioisomeric electron-donating thienoindole moiety on the physical and structural properties is examined. Bulk heterojunction (BHJ) organic photovoltaic cells (OPVs) based on the thieno[2,3-b]indole-based electron donor NTU-2, using C70 as an electron acceptor, show a champion power conversion efficiency of 5...
July 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726327/changing-metrics-of-organ-procurement-organization-performance-in-order-to-increase-organ-donation-rates-in-the-united-states
#14
D Goldberg, M J Kallan, L Fu, M Ciccarone, J Ramirez, P Rosenberg, J Arnold, G Segal, K P Moritsugu, H Nathan, R Hasz, P L Abt
The shortage of deceased-donor organs is compounded by donation metrics that fail to account for the total pool of possible donors, leading to ambiguous donor statistics. We sought to assess potential metrics of organ procurement organizations (OPOs) utilizing data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2009-2012 and State Inpatient Databases (SIDs) from 2008-2014. A possible donor was defined as a ventilated inpatient death ≤75 years of age, without multi-organ system failure, sepsis, or cancer, whose cause of death was consistent with organ donation...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719724/synthesis-and-properties-of-new-n-heteroheptacenes-for-solution-based-organic-field-effect-transistors
#15
Fei Zhou, Sheng Liu, Bernard D Santarsiero, Donald J Wink, Damien Boudinet, Antonio Facchetti, Tom G Driver
A series of N-heteroheptacenes was synthesized from ortho-thiophene-substituted aryl azides using a Rh2(II)-catalyzed C-H bond amination reaction to construct the thienoindole moieties. This reaction tolerated the presence of electron-donating or withdrawing groups on the aryl azide without adversely affecting the yield of the amination reaction. The central thiophene ring was created from two thienoindole pieces through a Pd-catalyzed Stille reaction to install the thioether followed by a Cu-mediated Ullman reaction to trigger the cyclization...
July 18, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718858/donationsutredningen-%C3%A3-ppnar-f%C3%A3-r-nya-organdonatorer-kr%C3%A3-ver-reflexion-om-m%C3%A3-nniskov%C3%A3-rdesprincipen-och-samtycke
#16
Stellan Welin
Swedish white paper on donation can give more donors without compromising ethics The White Paper on organ donation (SOU 2015:84) proposes new regulations for organ donation. In particular it spells out that it is permissible to take medical steps to preserve organs while the patient is still alive. It is proposed that this should be allowed after the medical team has declared that the continuation of life sustaining treatment is futile. The white paper opens up for donation after cardiac death. There has been some critique of the white paper for lack of deeper ethical discussions...
July 14, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714198/enhancing-performance-of-nonfullerene-acceptors-via-side-chain-conjugation-strategy
#17
Jiayu Wang, Wei Wang, Xiaohui Wang, Yang Wu, Qianqian Zhang, Cenqi Yan, Wei Ma, Wei You, Xiaowei Zhan
A side-chain conjugation strategy in the design of nonfullerene electron acceptors is proposed, with the design and synthesis of a side-chain-conjugated acceptor (ITIC2) based on a 4,8-bis(5-(2-ethylhexyl)thiophen-2-yl)benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']di(cyclopenta-dithiophene) electron-donating core and 1,1-dicyanomethylene-3-indanone electron-withdrawing end groups. ITIC2 with the conjugated side chains exhibits an absorption peak at 714 nm, which redshifts 12 nm relative to ITIC1. The absorption extinction coefficient of ITIC2 is 2...
July 17, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712675/ejaculates-are-not-used-as-nuptial-gifts-in-simultaneously-hermaphroditic-snails
#18
Monica Lodi, Fedde W Meijer, Joris M Koene
Promoted by sexual selection, males usually adopt different ways to increase their fertilization chances. In many insect taxa males donate nuptial gifts, together with sperm, which represent a valuable additional nutrient source that females can use to provision eggs. This has also been suggested to occur in simultaneous hermaphrodites, organisms with both sex functions. In theory, donation of nuptial gifts or extra nutrients might work in hermaphrodites that mate unilaterally (one-way donation of ejaculates), but will not be effective when these organisms mate reciprocally (mutual exchange of ejaculates), since on average each partner would receive the amount it also transfers...
May 25, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704142/motivations-behind-donations-for-health-related-organizations-threat-appraisal-and-coping-appraisal-the-case-of-the-als-ice-bucket-challenge
#19
Jo-Yun Li, Jing Wen
This study explores the influence of social media involvement and other factors on individuals' donation intentions in the context of the ALS Ice Bucket Challenge. An online survey with 306 participants revealed that social media involvement had a direct effect on intentions to contribute donations and had an indirect effect that was mediated by the response efficacy on intentions after controlling for individuals' issue involvement with the disease.
July 13, 2017: Health Marketing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703878/obstetric-hemorrhage-and-safe-blood-for-transfusion-in-ethiopia-the-challenges-of-bridging-the-gap
#20
REVIEW
Addisalem Taye Makuria, Daniel Gebremichael, Habtemariam Demoz, Azmach Hadush, Yetmgeta Abdella, Yemane Berhane, Naynesh Kamani
BACKGROUND: Obstetric hemorrhage is a leading cause of maternal death in sub-Saharan Africa, and the shortage of blood for transfusion is a contributory factor. In Ethiopia, the National Blood Bank Service continues to be confronted with challenges in its efforts to ensure the availability of blood for health care facilities. This paper reviews the available data on the contribution of obstetric hemorrhage to maternal mortality and examines the current status of the blood supply in Ethiopia...
July 13, 2017: Transfusion
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