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HIV-1 and alcohol

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235839/sexual-partner-characteristics-and-incident-rectal-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-and-chlamydia-trachomatis-infections-among-gay-men-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-a-prospective-cohort-in-abuja-and-lagos-nigeria
#1
Habib O Ramadhani, Hongjie Liu, Rebecca G Nowak, Trevor A Crowell, Teclaire Ndomb, Charlotte Gaydos, Sheila Peel, Nicaise Ndembi, Stefan D Baral, Julie Ake, Man E Charurat
BACKGROUND: STIs including Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) potentiate HIV acquisition and transmission especially among gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM). We investigated the influence of sexual network composition on incident rectal NG and/or CT infections among Nigerian MSM. METHODS: TRUST/RV368 is a cohort of MSM recruited using respondent-driven sampling at trusted community centres in Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria. MSM respondents (egos) provided STI risk factors and demographic information for up to five of their most recent sexual partners (alters) within their sexual networks...
February 24, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219156/-factors-influencing-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-among-hiv-infected-people-on-antiretroviral-therapy-in-ili-kazakh-autonomous-prefecture
#2
W Wang, W Liu, T Chen, N P Liu, Y J Zheng, S D Ye, Y Zhang, X M Wang, G Z Wang, H B Zhang
Objective: To analyze factors influencing antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients receiving ART at the town level in Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture (Ili) in May 2015 and to document enhanced ART for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) cases. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using one-on-one interviews and data collection from the system of AIDS follow-up management in three ART services centers at the town level of Ili. The subjects were HIV-infected individuals, aged 18 years or older, who were receiving ART during the survey...
February 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207844/population-attributable-fraction-of-incident-hiv-infections-associated-with-alcohol-consumption-in-fishing-communities-around-lake-victoria-uganda
#3
Noah Kiwanuka, Ali Ssetaala, Ismail Ssekandi, Annet Nalutaaya, Paul Kato Kitandwe, Julius Ssempiira, Bernard Ssentalo Bagaya, Apolo Balyegisawa, Pontiano Kaleebu, Judith Hahn, Christina Lindan, Nelson Kaulukusi Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Although the association between alcohol consumption and HIV risk is well documented, few studies have examined the magnitude of new HIV infections that could be prevented by controlling alcohol use. We report the population attributable fraction (PAF) of incident HIV infections due to alcohol consumption among the HIV high-risk population of fishing communities along Lake Victoria, Uganda. METHODS: In a community-based cohort study, 1607 HIV sero-negative participants aged 18-49 years were enrolled from eight fishing communities along Lake Victoria, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205041/hiv-provider-documentation-and-actions-following-patient-reports-of-at-risk-behaviors-and-conditions-when-identified-by-a-web-based-point-of-care-assessment
#4
Heidi M Crane, Paul K Crane, James T Tufano, James D Ralston, Ira B Wilson, Tyler D Brown, Thomas E Davis, Laurie F Smith, William B Lober, Justin McReynolds, Shireesha Dhanireddy, Robert D Harrington, Carla V Rodriguez, Robin M Nance, Joseph A C Delaney, Steven A Safren, Mari M Kitahata, Rob J Fredericksen
We compared same-day provider medical record documentation and interventions addressing depression and risk behaviors before and after delivering point-of-care patient-reported outcomes (PROs) feedback for patients who self-reported clinically relevant levels of depression or risk behaviors. During the study period (1 January 2006-15 October 2010), 2289 PRO assessments were completed by HIV-infected patients. Comparing the 8 months before versus after feedback implementation, providers were more likely to document depression (74% before vs...
February 15, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202736/hiv-and-sti-s-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-dodoma-municipality-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Elia John Mmbaga, Kåre Moen, Neema Makyao, Rose Mpembeni, Melkizedeck T Leshabari
OBJECTIVES: To determine the seroprevalence of HIV, STI and related risks among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Dodoma municipality, Tanzania. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using respondent-driven sampling was employed to recruit study participants aged 18 years and above. Data on sociodemographics, HIV/STI knowledge and sexual practices were collected. Blood samples were tested for HIV and selected STIs. RESULTS: A total of 409 participants aged from 18 to 60 years took part in this study...
February 15, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202428/patient-use-of-electronic-prescription-refill-and-secure-messaging-and-its-association-with-undetectable-hiv-viral-load-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
D Keith McInnes, Stephanie L Shimada, Amanda M Midboe, Kim M Nazi, Shibei Zhao, Justina Wu, Casey M Garvey, Thomas K Houston
BACKGROUND: Electronic personal health records (PHRs) can support patient self-management of chronic conditions. Managing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viral load, through taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) is crucial to long term survival of persons with HIV. Many persons with HIV have difficulty adhering to their ART over long periods of time. PHRs contribute to chronic disease self-care and may help persons with HIV remain adherent to ART. Proportionally veterans with HIV are among the most active users of the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) PHR, called My HealtheVet...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199918/factors-associated-with-alcohol-use-prior-to-and-during-pregnancy-among-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-in-cape-town-south-africa
#7
Kirsty Brittain, Robert H Remien, Tamsin Phillips, Allison Zerbe, Elaine J Abrams, Landon Myer, Claude A Mellins
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol use during pregnancy is prevalent in South Africa, but there are few prospectively-collected data exploring patterns of consumption among HIV-infected women, which may be important to improve maternal and child health outcomes. We examined patterns of and factors associated with alcohol use prior to and during pregnancy among HIV-infected pregnant women in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: Participants were enrolled when entering antenatal care at a large primary care clinic, and alcohol use was assessed using the AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test)...
January 31, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197862/influences-of-economic-social-and-cultural-marginalization-on-the-association-between-alcohol-use-and-sexual-risk-among-formerly-incarcerated-latino-men
#8
Miguel Muñoz-Laboy, Omar Martínez, Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, Jeffrey Draine, Karin Eyrich Garg, Ethan Levine, Alexandra Ripkin
Formerly incarcerated Latino men (FILM) have been significantly impacted by the HIV/AIDS and alcohol abuse epidemics in the United States. In this analysis, we examine the role of social, economic and cultural marginalization in the likelihood of alcohol-related sexual risk taking behavior among FILM. We recruited a non-random sample of FILM, ages 18-49 (n = 259). We performed logistic regression modeling to test four hypotheses examining the direct and moderating effects of socio-cultural factors. Drinking before sex was strongly associated with high likelihood of condomless intercourse (adjusted odds ratio, AOR = 2...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193199/a-population-based-study-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-in-immigrants-and-non-immigrants-in-quebec-canada
#9
Christina Greenaway, Laurent Azoulay, Robert Allard, Joseph Cox, Viet Anh Tran, Claire Nour Abou Chakra, Russ Steele, Marina Klein
BACKGROUND: Immigrants originating from intermediate and high HCV prevalence countries may be at increased risk of exposure to hepatitis C infection (HCV) in their countries of origin, however they are not routinely screened after arrival in most low HCV prevalence host countries. We aimed to describe the epidemiology of HCV in immigrants compared to the Canadian born population. METHODS: Using the reportable infectious disease database linked to the landed immigration database and several provincial administrative databases, we assembled a cohort of all reported cases of HCV in Quebec, Canada (1998-2008)...
February 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187753/survival-of-people-living-with-hiv-who-defaulted-from-tuberculosis-treatment-in-a-cohort-recife-brazil
#10
R Cunha, M Maruza, U R Montarroyos, I Coimbra, D de B Miranda-Filho, M de F Albuquerque, H R Lacerda, Raa Ximenes
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is a serious public health problem worldwide. It is the leading cause of death amongst people living with HIV, and default from tuberculosis (TB) treatment in people living with HIV increases the probability of death. The aim of this study was to estimate the survival probability of people living with HIV who default treatment for TB compared to those who complete the treatment. METHODS: This was a longitudinal cohort study of people living with HIV, from June 2007 to December 2013 with two components: a retrospective (for those who started tuberculosis treatment before 2013 for whom failure (death) or censoring occurred before 2013), and prospective (those who started tuberculosis treatment at any time between 2007 and June 2013 and for whom death or censoring occurred after the beginning of 2013), at two referral hospitals for people living with HIV (Correia Picanço Hospital - HCP and at Hospital Universitário Oswaldo Cruz - HUOC), in Recife/PE...
February 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166481/the-benefits-risks-and-costs-of-privacy-patient-preferences-and-willingness-to-pay
#11
David E Trachtenbarg, Carl Asche, Shweta Ramsahai, Joy Duling, Jinma Ren
OBJECTIVE: Multiple surveys show patients want medical privacy, however, there are costs to maintain privacy. There are also risks if information is not shared. A review of previous surveys found most surveys asked questions about patient's privacy concerns and willingness to share their medical information. We found only one study that asked about sharing medical information for better care and no survey that asked patients about the risk, cost or comparison between medical privacy and privacy in other areas...
February 6, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157470/risks-for-tuberculosis-in-kazakhstan-implications-for-prevention
#12
A Davis, A Terlikbayeva, A Aifah, S Hermosilla, Z Zhumadilov, E Berikova, S Rakhimova, S Primbetova, M Darisheva, N Schluger, N El-Bassel
SETTING: Four regions in Kazakhstan where participants were recruited from June 2012 to May 2014. OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between incarceration history and tobacco, alcohol, and drug consumption, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and diabetes mellitus (DM) with TB. DESIGN: This matched case-control study included 1600 participants who completed a survey on sociodemographics, history of incarceration, tobacco, alcohol and drug use, and HIV and DM diagnosis...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153816/feasibility-of-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-daily-sexting-and-substance-use-among-young-adult-african-american-gay-and-bisexual-men-a-pilot-study
#13
Sabrina L Smiley, Hoda Elmasry, Monica Webb Hooper, Raymond S Niaura, Alison B Hamilton, Norweeta G Milburn
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that sexualized text communication ("sexting") is associated with substance use and sexual risk behaviors among young adults, yet little is known about this relationship among young adult African American gay and bisexual men, a population disproportionately impacted by HIV in the United States. Rapid advances in mobile phone technology indicate a clear need for research using mobile health (mHealth) methods such as ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to serve as a viable counterpart to retrospective evaluation methods by using real-time data collection to assess sexting and substance use among this population...
February 2, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152664/self-rated-health-and-substance-use-among-individuals-in-hiv-care-in-rio-de-janeiro-brazil-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Iona K Machado, Paula M Luz, Jordan E Lake, Rodolfo Castro, Luciane Velasque, Jesse L Clark, Valdilea G Veloso, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Raquel B De Boni
Self-rated health (SRH) is associated with morbidity and mortality in HIV-uninfected populations but is understudied in HIV. Substance use may affect SRH in addition to its deleterious effect on HIV disease. This analysis aimed to estimate SRH and substance use prevalence and evaluate factors associated with poor SRH among individuals in HIV care in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A convenience sample of HIV-infected adults completed one item of SRH, the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test, and the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2)...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141970/a-large-community-outbreak-of-legionnaires-disease-associated-with-a-cooling-tower-in-new-york-city-2015
#15
Don Weiss, Christopher Boyd, Jennifer L Rakeman, Sharon K Greene, Robert Fitzhenry, Trevor McProud, Kimberlee Musser, Li Huang, John Kornblum, Elizabeth J Nazarian, Annie D Fine, Sarah L Braunstein, Daniel Kass, Keren Landman, Pascal Lapierre, Scott Hughes, Anthony Tran, Jill Taylor, Deborah Baker, Lucretia Jones, Laura Kornstein, Boning Liu, Rodolfo Perez, David E Lucero, Eric Peterson, Isaac Benowitz, Kristen F Lee, Stephanie Ngai, Mitch Stripling, Jay K Varma
OBJECTIVES: Infections caused by Legionella are the leading cause of waterborne disease outbreaks in the United States. We investigated a large outbreak of Legionnaires' disease in New York City in summer 2015 to characterize patients, risk factors for mortality, and environmental exposures. METHODS: We defined cases as patients with pneumonia and laboratory evidence of Legionella infection from July 2 through August 3, 2015, and with a history of residing in or visiting 1 of several South Bronx neighborhoods of New York City...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139146/availability-and-use-of-substance-abuse-treatment-programs-among-substance-using-men-who-have-sex-with-men-worldwide
#16
Juan M Flores, Glenn-Milo Santos, Keletso Makofane, Sonya Arreola, George Ayala
BACKGROUND: Substance use is common among men who have sex with men (MSM) worldwide, and epidemiologic data suggest that alcohol/substance-using MSM are at greater risk for HIV. However, there are scarce data on substance abuse treatment programs (SATPs) for substance-using MSM. OBJECTIVES: We examined proportions of substance use as well as SATP availability and use. We used multivariable regression models, controlling for potential confounders, to examine behavioral and demographic correlates of SATP availability and use...
January 31, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135843/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-ethyl-glucuronide-based-contingency-management-for-outpatients-with-co-occurring-alcohol-use-disorders-and-serious-mental-illness
#17
Michael G McDonell, Emily Leickly, Sterling McPherson, Jordan Skalisky, Debra Srebnik, Frank Angelo, Roger Vilardaga, Jenny R Nepom, John M Roll, Richard K Ries
OBJECTIVE: The authors examined whether a contingency management intervention using the ethyl glucuronide (EtG) alcohol biomarker resulted in increased alcohol abstinence in outpatients with co-occurring serious mental illnesses. Secondary objectives were to determine whether contingency management was associated with changes in heavy drinking, treatment attendance, drug use, cigarette smoking, psychiatric symptoms, and HIV-risk behavior. METHOD: Seventy-nine (37% female, 44% nonwhite) outpatients with serious mental illness and alcohol dependence receiving treatment as usual completed a 4-week observation period and were randomly assigned to 12 weeks of contingency management for EtG-negative urine samples and addiction treatment attendance, or reinforcement only for study participation...
January 31, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132519/alcohol-use-and-immune-reconstitution-among-hiv-infected-patients-on-antiretroviral-therapy-in-nairobi-kenya
#18
Anthony Cagle, Christine McGrath, Barbra A Richardson, Dennis Donovan, Sameh Sakr, Nelly Yatich, Richard Ngomoa, Agnes Chepngeno Langat, Grace John-Stewart, Michael H Chung
Studies on the effects of alcohol use on HIV disease progression have been contradictory, with at least one study finding a positive effect of low alcohol consumption on CD4 count. In addition, most such studies have taken place in the developed West. We investigated the association between alcohol use and immune reconstitution through CD4 count response among HIV-infected individuals on antiretroviral therapy (ART) at an urban sub-Saharan African clinic. This was a retrospective cohort study of treatment-naïve HIV-infected adults initiating ART in Nairobi, Kenya and followed for 12 months between January 2009 and December 2012...
January 29, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107430/discontinuation-from-antiretroviral-therapy-a-continuing-challenge-among-adults-in-hiv-care-in-ethiopia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Hailay Abrha Gesesew, Paul Ward, Kifle Woldemichael Hajito, Garumma Tolu Feyissa, Leila Mohammadi, Lillian Mwanri
BACKGROUND: Discontinuation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces the immunological benefit of treatment and increases complications related to human immune-deficiency virus (HIV). However, the risk factors for ART discontinuation are poorly understood in developing countries particularly in Ethiopia. This review aimed to assess the best available evidence regarding risk factors for ART discontinuation in Ethiopia. METHODS: Quantitative studies conducted in Ethiopia between 2002 and 2015 that evaluated factors associated with ART discontinuation were sought across six major databases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103834/depression-alcohol-use-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-outpatients-in-rural-uganda-vulnerabilities-for-hiv-stis-and-high-risk-sexual-behavior
#20
Susan M Kiene, Haruna Lule, Katelyn M Sileo, Kazi Priyanka Silmi, Rhoda K Wanyenze
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV), alcohol use, and depression are key vulnerabilities for HIV in Uganda, and taken together may have a synergistic effect on risk. Our objective was to investigate the associations between depression, IPV, and alcohol use and HIV-risk indicators among a sample of outpatients in rural Uganda, and the effect of co-occurrence of these factors on HIV-risk indicators. METHODS: In a structured interview we collected data on high-risk sexual behavior, depression symptoms, emotional and physical IPV, and alcohol use, as well as a blood sample for HIV and syphilis tests and a urine sample for chlamydia and gonorrhea tests from 325 male and female outpatients receiving provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling (PITC) at a public hospital outpatient clinic in rural Uganda...
January 19, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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