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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429969/advances-in-pharmacotherapeutic-management-of-common-skin-diseases-in-neonates-and-infants
#1
Annalisa Patrizi, Iria Neri, Giampaolo Ricci, Francesca Cipriani, Giulia Maria Ravaioli
neonatal and infantile skin diseases are frequently encountered in the clinical practice and represent worldwide a socioeconomic issue. They encompass a wide range of acquired or congenital conditions, including infections, vascular lesions and inflammatory diseases and can present with different degrees of severity, leading in some cases to dramatic complications. Areas covered: In this paper we report the most recent evidences on the management of some common skin diseases in neonates and infants. Hemangiomas, viral, fungal and bacterial infections, omphalitis, atopic and seborrhoeic dermatitis, napkin disease will be treated and discussed...
April 21, 2017: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428958/debromoaplysiatoxin-as-the-causative-agent-of-dermatitis-in-a-dog-after-exposure-to-freshwater-in-california
#2
Birgit Puschner, Adrienne C Bautista, Chris Wong
Contamination of recreational waters with cyanobacterial toxins continues to increase and presents a risk to animals and humans. Although cases of acute hepato- and neurotoxicoses in dogs following cyanotoxin exposure exist, no reports of skin-related reactions in dogs exist. A 5-year-old female spayed 34 kg Bracco Italiano was initially presented for rapid onset of severe pruritus and urticaria. Marked excoriation and erythema were noted over the chest and neck, while urticaria was noted in the inguinal regions and ventral abdomen...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427916/-actinic-keratosis-new-concept-and-therapeutic-update
#3
Rafael Carmena-Ramón, Almudena Mateu-Puchades, Sergio Santos-Alarcón, Sofía Lucas-Truyols
Actinic keratosis (AK) is a common reason for consultation in both Primary Care and Specialised Care. It is the third or fourth most common reason for consultation in dermatology, accounting for up to 5-6% of patients attended. It has also been observed that its prevalence has been increasing in the last 10years, compared to other dermatoses. This is also expected to continue to increase due to longer life expectancy, and by the changes in sun exposure habits since the middle of the last century. The aim of this article is to update the concepts of AK, cancerisation field and to present the currently available therapeutic tools...
April 17, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427793/contribution-of-health-care-factors-to-the-burden-of-skin-disease-in-the-united-states
#4
Henry W Lim, Scott A B Collins, Jack S Resneck, Jean L Bolognia, Julie A Hodge, Thomas A Rohrer, Marta J Van Beek, David J Margolis, Arthur J Sober, Martin A Weinstock, David R Nerenz, Wendy Smith Begolka, Jose V Moyano
The American Academy of Dermatology has developed an up-to-date national Burden of Skin Disease Report on the impact of skin disease on patients and on the US population. In this second of 3 manuscripts, data are presented on specific health care dimensions that contribute to the overall burden of skin disease. Through the use of data derived from medical claims in 2013 for 24 skin disease categories, these results indicate that skin disease health care is delivered most frequently to the aging US population, who are afflicted with more skin diseases than other age groups...
April 17, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426906/measuring-the-impact-of-dermatological-conditions-on-family-and-caregivers-a-review-of-dermatology-specific-instruments
#5
REVIEW
F Sampogna, A Y Finlay, S S Salek, P Chernyshov, F J Dalgard, A W M Evers, D Linder, L Manolache, S E Marron, F Poot, S Spillekom-van Koulil, Å Svensson, J C Szepietowski, L Tomas-Aragones, D Abeni
The patient is the centre of a web of relationships and the impact of his/her disease on family members and caregivers must be taken into account. The aim of this study was to identify the specific instruments that measure the impact of a dermatological disease on the quality of life (QoL) of family members, by performing a systematic search of the literature. Fifteen papers were identified, describing the creation and validation of nine instruments. Four of them concerned atopic dermatitis (Dermatitis Family Index, DFI; Parents' Index QoL Atopic Dermatitis, PiQoL-AD; QoL in Primary Caregivers of children with Atopic Dermatitis, QPCAD; Childhood Atopic Dermatits Impact Scale, CADIS), two measured the impact of psoriasis in family members (Psoriasis Family Index, PFI; FamilyPso), one the impact of epidermolysis bullosa (Epidermolysis Bullosa Burden of Disease, EB-BoD), one of ichthyosis (Family Burden Ichthyosis, FBI), and one was generic for dermatological conditions (Family Dermatology Life Quality Index, FDLQI)...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426115/health-problems-of-newly-arrived-migrants-and-refugees-in-europe
#6
Dr Androula Pavli, Dr Helena Maltezou
Background.: The number of migrants and refugees in Europe in the past few years has increased dramatically due to war, violence or prosecutions in their homeland. Migration may affect physical, mental and social health. The objective of this article is to assess migrants and refugees' health problems, and to recommend appropriate interventions. Methods.: A PubMed search of published articles on health problems of newly arrived migrants and refugees was conducted from 2003 through 2016, focusing on the current refugee crisis in Europe...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425626/non-cosmetic-dermatological-use-of-botulinum-neurotoxin
#7
Katlein França, David Castillo, Torello Lotti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425598/quality-of-life-an-essential-parameter-for-dermatology
#8
EDITORIAL
J Ring
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425573/evaluation-of-australian-dermatological-postoperative-patient-information-leaflets-should-we-have-a-national-checklist
#9
William Tn Hunt, Niamh-Anna O'Sullivan, Alan Donnelly
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Patient information leaflets (PILs) are frequently provided to patients following dermatological surgery to provide advice and reassurance in the community. This evaluation reviewed the guidance specified in postoperative PILs across the 40 Australian dermatology teaching departments and clinics. METHODS: All 40 departments and clinics were identified and asked to provide their postoperative information leaflets on sutured wound care (preferable) or excision biopsy (September-October 2015)...
April 20, 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424095/safety-and-effectiveness-of-oral-propranolol-for-infantile-hemangiomas-started-before-5%C3%A2-weeks-and-after-5%C3%A2-months-of-age-an-italian-multicenter-experience
#10
Maya El Hachem, Francesco Gesualdo, Andrea Diociaiuti, Irene Berti, Nadia Vercellino, Valeria Boccaletti, Iria Neri, Giulio Porcedda, Antonella Greco, Claudia Carnevale, Teresa Oranges, Mario Cutrone, Pietro Dalmonte
BACKGROUND: Despite not being licensed for the treatment of infantile hemangiomas (IH) in infants younger than 5 weeks or older than 5 months, propranolol is often used in these age groups to prevent or to treat potentially severe complications. The objective of the present study was to review the experience of 8 Italian pediatric and dermatologic centers regarding propranolol treatment for IH started before 5 weeks or after 5 months of age. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients followed up for IH, on propranolol treatment started before 5 weeks or after 5 months of age, and collected information on sociodemographic data, treatment indications, IH involution, IH relapse, and treatment side effects...
April 19, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423766/dermatology-disease-prediction-based-on-two-step-cascade-genetic-algorithm-optimization-of-anfis-parameters
#11
Aja Avdagic, Lejla Begic Fazlic
The aim of this study is to present novel algorithms for prediction of dermatological disease using only dermatological clinical features and diagnoses collected in real conditions. A combination of the Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems (ANFIS) and Genetic algorithm (GA) for ANFIS subtractive clustering parameter optimization has been suggested for the first level of fuzzy model optimization. After that, a genetic optimized ANFIS fuzzy structure is used as input in GA for the second level of fuzzy model optimization...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423206/folic-acid-who-does-what-with-methotrexate
#12
A Randhawa, R Blair, G Wylie
Methotrexate is a folic acid derivative that inhibits dihydrofolate reductase which has effects on DNA synthesis and cellular replication. In Dermatology, it is licensed for use in recalcitrant psoriasis but is also used off-label in many other conditions.(1) It is given either orally or by subcutaneous injection. Folic acid is usually prescribed alongside methotrexate but there is often variation in prescribing practice. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 17, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423156/creation-of-an-internal-teledermatology-store-and-forward-system-in-an-existing-electronic-health-record-a-pilot-study-in-a-safety-net-public-health-and-hospital-system
#13
Zachary A Carter, Shauna Goldman, Kristen Anderson, Xiaxiao Li, Linda S Hynan, Benjamin F Chong, Arturo R Dominguez
Importance: External store-and-forward (SAF) teledermatology systems operate separately from the primary health record and have many limitations, including care fragmentation, inadequate communication among clinicians, and privacy and security concerns, among others. Development of internal SAF workflows within existing electronic health records (EHRs) should be the standard for large health care organizations for delivering high-quality dermatologic care, improving access, and capturing other telemedicine benchmark data...
April 19, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423151/diversity-in-dermatology-a-call-for-action
#14
Richard D Granstein, Lynn Cornelius, Kanade Shinkai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421730/facies-the-value-of-an-old-diagnostic-tip-in-pediatric-dermatology
#15
Carmelo Schepis, Corrado Romano
The authors examine what's meant as facies in medicine. After an introduction to the word's understanding, they move on listing some dermatological conditions associated to peculiar facies in the child. Starting from atopic dermatitis, the authors develop an algorithm including Genodermatoses, Neurocutaneous Disorders, and Multiple Congenital Anomalies Syndromes. They emphasize the distinctive features of the lesions on the face and their fundamental diagnostic importance.
April 19, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421728/oral-pigmentations-in-physiologic-conditions-post-inflammatory-affections-and-systemic-diseases
#16
Martina Lambertini, Annalisa Patrizi, Giulia M Ravaioli, Emi Dika
Melanocytes are found throughout the oral mucosa but usually go unnoticed because of their relatively low level of pigment production. When focally or generally active in pigment production or proliferation they may be responsible for several affections in the oral mucosae ranging from physiologic pigmentation, systemic diseases to malignant neoplasms. The diagnosis of oral pigmentations (OP) is usually challenging for the physician, but a careful examination of the oral cavity may reveal the first manifestation of underlying systemic diseases...
April 19, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421727/the-epidemic-spreading-of-basal-cell-carcinoma-incidence-trend-demographic-features-characteristics-and-risk-factors-in-a-retrospective-study-of-8557-lesions-in-bologna
#17
Valeria Gaspari, Annalisa Patrizi, Michela Venturi, Cosimo Misciali, Pier A Fanti
BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) has a rising incidence worldwide. The aim was to evaluate incidence trend, demographic features and risk factors for BCC in the area of Bologna in northern-central Italy. METHODS: All the consecutive histopathologically diagnosed BCCs at the Dermatology of the Bologna University from 1990 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. We evaluated the absolute number of BCCs, the demographic features of patients and the characteristics of BCCs with statistically significant correlations...
April 19, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421670/an-epidemic-of-allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-a-new-allergen-caprylhydroxamic-acid-in-moisturizers
#18
Leena Ackermann, Hannele Virtanen, Laura Korhonen, Arja Laukkanen, Laura Huilaja, Riitta Riekki, Taina Hasan
BACKGROUND: In 2016, dermatologists in Finland suspected contact allergy in several patients using moisturizers under the trade name Apobase®. Following a formulation change, Phenostat™, which is a mixture of phenoxyethanol, caprylhydroxamic acid, and methylpropanediol, was used as a preservative in Apobase® moisturizers in Finland. OBJECTIVES: To confirm the suspected contact allergy to Apobase® cream, oily cream, and/or lotion, and to identify the specific contact allergen and define its optimal patch test concentration...
April 19, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421610/use-of-vegetable-oils-in-dermatology-an-overview
#19
REVIEW
Rashmi Sarkar, Indrashis Podder, Narendra Gokhale, Soumya Jagadeesan, Vijay K Garg
Vegetable oils have been used for a wide variety of purposes since time immemorial; however, their principle use remains as skin moisturizers, especially in neonates and children. Because of their considerable efficacy and a low side effect profile and bearable cost, these oils are hugely popular as moisturizers among the common people in countries such as India. A wide variety of oils have been used, and newer ones are coming up with each passing day. This article focuses on the different types of vegetable oils and their varied uses in dermatology...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421255/-tropical-dermatology-relevant-disorders-of-the-scalp
#20
REVIEW
A Montag
People whose ancestors came from tropical regions present specific structural characteristics of their skin and hair, including the scalp region. On the one hand, this is for protection against the challenges of these climatic zones; on the other hand, this may lead to an enhanced sensitivity against certain dermatological diseases, either of autoimmune, chronic inflammatory, infectious, or of mechanical origin. A collection of these are discussed in this article.
April 18, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
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