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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905650/-aseptic-techniques-for-minor-surgical-procedures
#1
Marcela Concha-Rogazy, Catalina Andrighetti-Ferrada, Maximiliano Curi-Tuma
Aseptic techniques are those practices designed to reduce the risk of surgical site infection (SSI), defined as such, all those that occur within the first 30 days of the procedure. While the patient’s risk of developing an SSI in dermatologic surgery is low since many of the procedures are considered sterile, there are different factors associated with an increased or decreased risk of developing SSI. The characteristics of the surgical wound (such as involving infected or inflamed tissue or when breaks in the aseptic technique occur), patient characteristics (such as age, comorbidities, medication use and smoking) and procedure factors (such as setting, surgical technique, type of procedure, duration and body region involved)...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904832/frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-treatment-options
#2
Raymond Fertig, Antonella Tosti
Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is a rare dermatologic disease that causes scarring and hair loss and is increasing in prevalence worldwide. FFA patients typically present with hair loss in the frontal scalp region and eyebrows which may be associated with sensations of itching or burning. FFA is a clinically distinct variant of lichen planopilaris (LPP) that affects predominantly postmenopausal women, although men and premenopausal women may also be affected. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are necessary to prevent definitive scarring and permanent hair loss...
November 2016: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904272/awareness-of-atopic-dermatitis-and-attitudes-toward-different-types-of-medical-institutions-for-its-treatment-among-adult-patients-and-the-parents-of-pediatric-patients-a-survey-of-500-participants
#3
Nam Kyung Roh, Song Hee Han, Min Jung Kim, Gyeong-Hun Park, Bark-Lynn Lew, Eung Ho Choi, Hyun Chang Ko, Young Lip Park, Sang Wook Son, Young Jun Seo, Yang Won Lee, Sang Hyun Cho, Chun Wook Park
BACKGROUND: Physicians can play a crucial role in the knowledge that patients have about a disease and its prognosis. Recently, patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) are increasingly turning from western medicine to oriental herbal medicine. However, their awareness of AD and attitude toward Western medicine and oriental herbal medicine clinics are scarcely reported. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the understanding of AD among patients and their parents and to identify their awareness of and attitude toward Western medicine and oriental herbal medicine as treatments for AD...
December 2016: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904182/comparative-study-of-efficacy-of-epidermal-melanocyte-transfer-versus-hair-follicular-melanocyte-transfer-in-stable-vitiligo
#4
Navya Donaparthi, Ajay Chopra
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo surgery has come up a long way from punch skin grafts to epidermal cell suspension and latest to the extracted hair follicle outer root sheath cell suspension (EHFORSCS) transplantation. The progressive development from one technique to the other is always on a quest for the best. In the latest development, EHFORSCS, which is an enriched source of follicular inactive melanocyte (melanocyte stem cells), seems to be a good addition to the prevailing cell-based therapies for vitiligo...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904178/topical-steroid-awareness-and-abuse-a-prospective-study-among-dermatology-outpatients
#5
T S Nagesh, A Akhilesh
BACKGROUND: Topical steroids are one of the most commonly abused drugs. There are only a few studies available which have highlighted the severity of this problem in India. However, these studies have concentrated mainly on the topical steroid abuse and its side effects over the face. AIMS: The aim of this study was to know the awareness among the people about various commonly available topical steroids and their combinations irrespective of usage and to know the extent of misuse of these drugs...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904174/on-the-history-of-classification-in-dermatology
#6
Amiya Kumar Mukhopadhyay
Since the early days of cutaneous medicine, naming of the entities had remained a confusing subject. Earlier texts of all ancient civilisations are almost similar in this topic The Biblical controversy regarding the actual translational meaning of the original Hebrew term Zara 'at has become a centre of controversy amongst many research scholars of the medical history. Similar debate exists about the Ayurvedic term Kustha---- whether it meant leprosy or stood for a number of skin affliction is a matter of controversy...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903857/a-hyperpigmented-reticular-rash-in-a-patient-on-peritoneal-dialysis
#7
Andrew M South, Milene K Crispin, Ann L Marqueling, Scott M Sutherland
Chronically ill patients often develop uncommon exam findings. A 16-year-old female with end-stage renal disease secondary to immune complex-mediated glomerulonephritis on peritoneal dialysis (PD) developed a pruritic, hyperpigmented reticular rash on her abdomen, sparing the PD catheter insertion site. The rash appeared approximately 6 weeks after initiating PD. She used a heating pad nightly during PD for dialysis drain pain. Testing for systemic and autoimmune disease was negative. She was referred to dermatology, where the diagnosis of erythema ab igne (EAI), a well-described but less well-known hyperpigmented reticular cutaneous eruption caused by chronic exposure to low levels of infrared heat, was confirmed...
November 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900997/clinical-application-of-the-uk-working-party-s-criteria-for-the-diagnosis-of-atopic-dermatitis-in-the-chinese-population-by-age-group
#8
Li Wang, Lin-Feng Li
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common inflammatory skin disease with an increasingly significant prevalence. The prevalence of AD depends greatly on how its diagnosis is done. The UK Working Party's diagnostic criteria for AD are simple and easy to apply without invasive laboratory tests. This study assessed the clinical utility of these criteria in China. METHODS: Data were collected from 6208 patients at 31 tertiary hospitals in 13 Chinese provinces/municipalities from March 2014 to May 2014...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900970/clinical-features-and-histological-patterns-of-lupus-nephritis-in-a-single-center-of-south-india
#9
Clement Wilfred Devadass, Vijaya Viswanath Mysorekar, Mahesh Eshwarappa, Lakshminarayanan Mekala, M Gireesh Siddaiah, K Gurudev Channabasappa
Renal involvement occurs in up to 60% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and signifies a poor prognosis. The class of lupus nephritis (LN), determined on renal biopsy evaluation, guides the therapeutic management and has prognostic connotations. Our aim is to determine the clinicolaboratory features and histopathological patterns of LN at presentation in our local (South Indian) population. The study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital in South India between 2009 and 2014 on SLE patients with clinical evidence of LN...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900062/pyoderma-gangrenosum-with-spleen-involvement-review-of-the-literature-and-case-report
#10
Rodica Cosgarea, Simona Corina Senilă, Radu Badea, Loredana Ungureanu
BACKGROUND: Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare, ulcerative, destructive, non-infectious dermatologic disease and it is one clinical entity within the spectrum of neutrophilic dermatoses. Visceral involvement, manifesting as sterile neutrophilic infiltrates in sites other than skin and, is infrequent. Splenic involvement is very rare. MAIN OBSERVATIONS: We present a case of a 58-year-old woman with pyoderma gangrenosum with spleen involvement and review all reports of similar cases...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898349/porocarcinoma-a-systematic-review-of-literature-with-a-single-case-report
#11
Abdulwahid M Salih, F H Kakamad, Rawand A Essa, Goran M Rauf, Masrur S A, Shvan H M, Rawezh Q S, Hunar A H, Dahat A H, Snur Othman
INTRODUCTION: Eccrine porocarcinoma is a very rare type of skin cancer. It is an aggressive dermatological malignancy. We presented a 62-year-old male with long history of a mass in left forearm complicated by distant metastasis and death. A rapid review of literature has been presented. CONCLUSION: Eccrine porocarcinoma is a rare but aggressive type of skin disease. It may arise de novo or complicate a benign skin lesion. Wide local resection is recommended.
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896871/the-old-reliables-outperform-new-media-in-social-marketing-of-euromelanoma-in-ireland
#12
L Roche, C C Foley, S McCarthy, M Murphy
Euromelanoma is a pan-European prevention campaign against skin cancer and promotes a walk-in screening day in May of each year. The screening day serves to highlight awareness of skin cancer amongst the general public and to encourage self-checks for new or changing lesions. The South Infirmary Victoria University Hospital (SIVUH) provides regional dermatology and skin cancer services for the Cork/Kerry region in Ireland and held a Euromelanoma Screening day in May 2014 and 2015. This article is protected by copyright...
November 29, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896835/contact-sensitization-to-limonene-and-linalool-hydroperoxides-in-spain-a-geidac-prospective-study
#13
Gustavo Deza, Begoña García-Bravo, Juan F Silvestre, Maria A Pastor-Nieto, Ricardo González-Pérez, Felipe Heras-Mendaza, Pedro Mercader, Virginia Fernández-Redondo, Bo Niklasson, Ana M Giménez-Arnau
BACKGROUND: Limonene and linalool are common fragrance terpenes widely used in cosmetic, household and hygiene products. Their primary oxidation products formed after air exposure, the hydroperoxides, have been recognized as important contact haptens. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of contact allergy to hydroperoxides of limonene (Lim-OOHs) and hydroperoxides of linalool (Lin-OOHs) in Spain, and to define the optimal concentration for screening in consecutive patients...
November 29, 2016: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893492/safety-of-local-intracutaneous-lidocaine-anesthesia-used-by-dermatologic-surgeons-for-skin-cancer-excision-and-postcancer-reconstruction-quantification-of-standard-injection-volumes-and-adverse-event-rates
#14
Murad Alam, Matthew R Schaeffer, Amelia Geisler, Emily Poon, Scott W Fosko, Divya Srivastava
BACKGROUND: Intracutaneous lidocaine is used for anesthesia in dermatologic surgery for skin cancer excision and repair with exceedingly low incidence of reported adverse events. OBJECTIVE: To measure (1) the quantity of lidocaine typically used for facial skin cancer excision and reconstruction; and (2) the frequency and character of associated adverse events. METHODS: Survey study of dermatologic surgeons with longitudinal reporting. Reported practice during 10 business days: (1) mean volume of 1% lidocaine per skin cancer excision; (2) maximum per excision; (3) mean per reconstruction; and (4) maximum per reconstruction...
December 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892996/technique-standards-for-skin-lesion-imaging-a-delphi-consensus-statement
#15
Chinmayee Katragadda, Anna Finnane, H Peter Soyer, Ashfaq A Marghoob, Allan Halpern, Josep Malvehy, Harald Kittler, Rainer Hofmann-Wellenhof, Dennis Da Silva, Ivo Abraham, Clara Curiel-Lewandrowski
Importance: Variability in the metrics for image acquisition at the total body, regional, close-up, and dermoscopic levels impacts the quality and generalizability of skin images. Consensus guidelines are indicated to achieve universal imaging standards in dermatology. Objective: To achieve consensus among members of the International Skin Imaging Collaboration (ISIC) on standards for image acquisition metrics using a hybrid Delphi method. Evidence Review: Delphi study with 5 rounds of ratings and revisions until relative consensus was achieved...
November 23, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892979/the-need-for-ergonomics-education-in-dermatology-and-dermatologic-surgery-sit-up-straight-stand-up-tall-and-carry-a-sharp-scalpel
#16
Ashish C Bhatia, Shuai Xu, June K Robinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892584/a-short-history-of-phototherapy-vitamin-d-and-skin-disease
#17
Paul Jarrett, Robert Scragg
The earliest record between sun exposure and skin disease goes back five millennia to the ancient Egyptians. The modern scientific era of medical light therapy and skin diseases started in 1877 when Downs and Blunt reported that exposure to light inhibited fungal growth in test tubes. Continuing research generated a growing medical interest in the potential the effects of light to treat and cure skin diseases considered as parasitic. This culminated in the awarding of the 1903 Nobel Prize in Medicine to Niels Finsen for his pioneering work showing that light could successfully treat cutaneous mycobacterium tuberculosis (lupus vulgaris), a disfiguring disorder common at the time...
November 28, 2016: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891738/treatment-of-prurigo-nodularis-with-lenalidomide
#18
Lidia Ossorio-García, David Jiménez-Gallo, María Eugenia Rodríguez-Mateos, Cintia Arjona-Aguilera, Mario Linares-Barrios
Prurigo nodularis (PN) is an intensely pruriginous dermatological disorder whose treatment is challenging for dermatologists. It is characterized by eruptions of papules and hyperkeratotic nodules, some of which are eroded, on the extensor surfaces of the limbs. The most commonly used treatments for this condition are oral antihistamines and topical or systemic steroids. Thalidomide is an effective treatment option in cases of recalcitrant PN; however, its most frequent adverse effect is neurotoxicity, which often results in its discontinuation...
November 28, 2016: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891728/obesity-related-male-genital-lichen-sclerosus
#19
P R Doiron, C B Bunker
BACKGROUND: Obesity is increasing. Male genital lichen sclerosus (MGLSc) is almost exclusively a disease of the uncircumcised. An apparent increasing challenge is MGLSc in previously circumcised obese males. OBJECTIVES: To characterise patients with obesity-related MGLSc. METHODS: Case chart review of patients managed in specialist clinics. RESULTS: Nineteen patients with obesity-related MGLSc were identified. All had been previously circumcised...
November 5, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891435/a-study-of-clinical-profile-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-scabies-at-a-rural-tertiary-care-centre
#20
Pragya Ashok Nair, Rita Vipul Vora, Nidhi B Jivani, Shailee S Gandhi
INTRODUCTION: Scabies is a contagious disease primarily related to poverty and overcrowding, it rapidly spreads from person to person specially in people with poor hygiene. We come across many patients from rural areas with scabies. In India the incidence ranges from 13% to 59% in rural and urban areas. Many people complain of sleep disturbances and affection of work and leisure activities due to itching. Very few studies are done in India about the affection of quality of life in such patients...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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