keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clavulanic acid

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682477/identification-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamases-ampc-and-carbapenemase-production-among-isolates-of-escherichia-coli-in-north-indian-tertiary-care-centre
#1
Uma Chaudhary, Shipra Agarwal, Kausalya Raghuraman
Introduction: Identification of Extended spectrum beta lactamases (ESBL), AmpC production and carbapenemase production among isolates of Escherichia coli , helps clinician to rationalize the choice of antibiotics. However, there is a lack of simple and effective method for simultaneous identification of these beta lactamases. Aim: To determine the concurrent production of beta lactamases using twelve disc method on E. coli isolates. Materials and Methods: A total of 200 multidrug resistant E...
April 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675545/a-novel-approach-to-improving-ambulatory-outpatient-management-of-low-risk-febrile-neutropenia-an-enhanced-supportive-care-esc-clinic
#2
Tim Cooksley, Geraldine Campbell, Tamer Al-Sayed, Lisa LaMola, Richard Berman
PURPOSE: Outpatient management of low risk febrile neutropenia patients (LRFN) identified by the MASCC score is a safe and effective strategy. Early supportive care has been shown to improve outcomes in patients with care. We developed an innovative ambulatory outpatient "enhanced supportive care" (ESC) clinic combining emergency oncology and supportive care through which we incorporated the management of patients with LRFN. METHODS: An ESC clinic was started in January 2017 at a tertiary cancer hospital in the North West of England...
April 19, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665549/combination-of-cyp2c19-genotype-with-non-genetic-factors-evoking-phenoconversion-improves-phenotype-prediction
#3
Ádám Ferenc Kiss, Dorottya Vaskó, Máté Tamás Déri, Katalin Tóth, Katalin Monostory
BACKGROUND: CYP2C19 is an important drug-metabolizing enzyme, responsible for metabolism of approximately 10% of the drugs on the market. Large inter-individual differences exist in metabolic activities, which are primarily attributed to genetic polymorphism of CYP2C19 gene. Conflicting results have been published about the role of CYP2C19 polymorphisms in metabolism of CYP2C19 substrates and clinical outcomes; thus, we aimed to investigate CYP2C19 genotype-phenotype associations, and we sought to elicit potential causes of discrepancies in the genotype-based prediction by incorporating the liver donors' demographic data, drug administration events and pathological conditions...
December 5, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665345/evaluation-of-ifn-%C3%AE-enzyme-linked-immunospot-assay-elispot-as-a-first-line-test-in-the-diagnosis-of-non-immediate-hypersensitivity-to-amoxicillin-and-penicillin
#4
Lenka Sedláčková, Miroslav Průcha, Ingrid Poláková, Blanka Míková
The current diagnostic algorithm for beta-lactam allergy is based on skin and provocation tests, both of which carry a certain risk of inducing hypersensitivity reactions. Thus, non-invasive in vitro tests reliable enough to replace skin and provocation tests at least in a portion of patients are desirable. We aimed to verify the utility of IFN-γ ELISPOT as a first-line test in patients with suspected non-immediate hypersensitivity reaction to amoxicillin (AMX) and penicillin (PNC). The prospective observational study included 24 patients with recent, suspected non-immediate hypersensitivity reaction to AMX or PNC and 6 recently-exposed healthy subjects...
2018: Prague Medical Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659885/results-from-the-survey-of-antibiotic-resistance-soar-2014-16-in-ukraine-and-the-slovak-republic
#5
D Torumkuney, T Pertseva, E Bratus, A Dziublik, V Yachnyk, A Liskova, O Sopko, K Malynovska, I Morrissey
Objectives: To determine antibiotic susceptibility in isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae collected in 2014-16 from Ukraine and the Slovak Republic. Methods: MICs were determined by CLSI broth microdilution and susceptibility was assessed using CLSI, EUCAST and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) breakpoints. Results: S. pneumoniae isolates collected in Ukraine (n = 100) showed susceptibility rates ≥97% for amoxicillin, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, penicillin [intravenous (iv) non-meningitis] and fluoroquinolones, between 83% and 86% for oral penicillin, macrolides and cefaclor, and 75% for trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659884/results-from-the-survey-of-antibiotic-resistance-soar-2014-16-in-greece
#6
D Torumkuney, J Papaparaskevas, I Morrissey
Objectives: To determine antimicrobial susceptibility in isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae collected in 2014-16 from patients with community-acquired respiratory tract infections in Greece. Methods: MICs were determined by CLSI broth microdilution and susceptibility assessed using CLSI, EUCAST and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) breakpoints. Results: A total of 99 S. pneumoniae and 52 H. influenzae isolates were collected...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659883/results-from-the-survey-of-antibiotic-resistance-soar-2014-16-in-the-czech-republic
#7
D Torumkuney, H Zemlickova, M Maruscak, I Morrissey
Objectives: To determine the antibiotic susceptibility of isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae collected in 2014-16 from patients with community-acquired respiratory infections in the Czech Republic. Methods: MICs were determined by CLSI broth microdilution and susceptibility was assessed using CLSI, EUCAST and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) breakpoints. Results: S. pneumoniae isolates (n = 200) showed high rates of susceptibility (>95%) to amoxicillin, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, penicillin [intravenous (iv) non-meningitis], ceftriaxone, cefuroxime and the fluoroquinolones using CLSI breakpoints...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659882/results-from-the-survey-of-antibiotic-resistance-soar-2014-16-in-bulgaria-romania-serbia-and-croatia
#8
D Torumkuney, M Nica, I Nistor, R Vatcheva-Dobrevska, V Petrovic, A Stoica, B Hanicar, Dj Antic, I Morrissey
Objectives: To determine antibiotic susceptibility of isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae (n = 573) and Haemophilus influenzae (n = 345) collected in 2014-16 from Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia and Croatia. Methods: MICs were determined by CLSI broth microdilution and susceptibility was assessed using CLSI, EUCAST and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) breakpoints. Results: Among S. pneumoniae, susceptibility was generally lowest in Romania and Serbia and highest in Bulgaria...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659881/results-from-the-survey-of-antibiotic-resistance-soar-2014-16-in-russia
#9
D Torumkuney, N Mayanskiy, M Edelstein, S Sidorenko, R Kozhevin, I Morrissey
Objectives: To determine antibiotic susceptibility in isolates of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae collected in 2014-16 from Russia. Methods: MICs were determined by CLSI broth microdilution and susceptibility was assessed using CLSI, EUCAST and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) breakpoints. Results: A total of 279 S. pneumoniae and 279 H. influenzae were collected. Overall, 67.0% of S. pneumoniae were penicillin susceptible by CLSI oral/EUCAST and 93...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652754/pattern-of-antibiotic-prescription-for-oral-implant-treatment-among-dentists-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Khalid E El-Kholey, Othman Wali, Aamna Elkomy, Ahmed Almozayen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate antibiotic prophylaxis prescription behavior among dentists practicing dental implant surgery in Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational questionnaire study was conducted in the period between October 2016 and December 2016. A link to an online previously validated questionnaire was sent to a convenience sample of dentists practicing dental implant placement in the different areas of Saudi Arabia. Absolute frequencies were used to describe the data...
April 12, 2018: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651691/pattern-of-antimicrobial-resistance-among-bacterial-isolates-from-urogenital-clinical-specimens-a-descriptive-study-from-the-buea-health-district-cameroon
#11
Elvis Tajoache Amin, Charles Njumkeng, Belmond T Kika, Akemfua Fualefac, Patrick Njukeng
INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial resistance has become a global concern and is particularly affecting developing countries where infectious diseases and poverty are endemic. The effectiveness of currently available antimicrobials is decreasing as a result of increasing resistant strains among clinical isolates. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the resistance pattern of bacterial isolates from different clinical urogenital specimens at different hospitals in the Buea Health District, Cameroon...
April 12, 2018: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644292/serious-phlegmonous-lesion-of-the-hand-following-an-injury-by-vegetal-thorn-never-forget-pasteurella-multocida
#12
A Maleb, J Elmalki, O Bouayadi, Y Ben Lahlou, M Frikh, N Abdeljaouad, A Lemnouer, H Yacoubi, M Elouennass
Pasteurella multocida can cause serious infections after dog or cat bite. We report here a rare case of hand infection caused by P. multocida consecutive to an injury by a thorn of the prickly pear. It caused an amputation of the distal phalanx of the thumb in a trisomic patient. It is about a 27-year-old man who was admitted to the hospital with swelling and intense pain of the left hand. He reported a sting by a thorn of prickly pear 15 days before. The patient was admitted to proceed with operative irrigation and debridement...
February 2018: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626525/whole-genome-sequence-of-an-mcr-1-carrying-esbl-producing-escherichia-coli-st746-isolate-recovered-from-community-acquired-urinary-tract-infection
#13
Lingjiao Wu, Jing Chen, Li Wang, Zhe Wu
OBJECTIVES: Colistin is regarded as one of the last-resort antimicrobials for severe infections. Plasmid-borne mobile colistin resistance gene (mcr-1)-carrying isolates were rarely reported in community-acquired infections. Here we report the draft genome sequence of an MCR-1-carrying, extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli isolate from community-acquired urinary tract infection. MTHODS: Antimicrobial susceptibility tests (AST) were determined by the broth microdilution method...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622684/prevalence-of-feline-urinary-tract-pathogens-and-antimicrobial-resistance-over-five-years
#14
Svenja Teichmann-Knorrn, Sven Reese, Georg Wolf, Katrin Hartmann, Roswitha Dorsch
The aim of this retrospective study was to document the prevalence of bacterial species in cats with significant bacteriuria and to compare their antimicrobial susceptibilities over five years. One hundred sixty-nine positive urine cultures from 150 cats were included. Fifty-five per cent showed clinical signs, while 40 per cent had subclinical bacteriuria. Escherichia coli , Staphylococcus species, Enterococcus species, Streptococcus species and Proteus mirabilis accounted for 50.5 per cent, 22.9 per cent, 15,1 per cent, 3...
April 5, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621966/the-epidemiology-of-urinary-tract-infections-in-hiv-positive-patients-at-a-tertiary-care-university-hospital-in-central-europe-2011-2016
#15
Romana Klasinc, Armin Rieger, Elisabeth Presterl, Thomas Wrba, Magda Diab-Elschahawi
OBJECTIVES: There is limited published data concerning recent epidemiology of urinary tract infections (UTI) in HIV-patients, thus we analysed independent risk factors for UTI in HIV positive individuals and antimicrobial resistance rates of E. coli to antimicrobial agents commonly used in UTI. To determine the prevalence of symptomatic urinary tract infections (UTI) in HIV-patients we performed a retrospective case-control study. METHODS: We included 313 HIV-patients, 101 with UTI and 212 age and gender matched controls, attending the HIV outpatient clinic at the Vienna University hospital (VUH) over a period from January 2011 to September 2016...
April 5, 2018: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619903/healing-of-spongiosus-cutaneous-fistula-with-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-hbot-a-case-report
#16
Pier A Della Camera, Gianmartin Cito, Simone Morselli, Francesco Sessa, Davide Facchiano, Andrea Cocci, Mauro Gacci, Sergio Serni, Marco Carini, Alessandro Natali
INTRODUCTION: We present a case of a spongiosus-cutaneous fistula in a 39-year-old man with recurrent episodes of cutaneous abscess in dorsal middle third penis (5 × 3 cm) treated with Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT). CASE REPORT: After emptying nodular abscess, the patient was noncompliant for further surgery. Therefore, it was suggested the association between HBOT and antibiotic therapy. HBOT is carried out in a hyperbaric room, where the internal pressure is increased (compression phase) by entering compressed air up to 283...
February 2018: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615166/phenotypic-identification-frequency-distribution-and-antibiogram-of-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-clinical-isolates
#17
Maliha Ansari, Tehmina Munir, Nadia Saad
OBJECTIVE: To differentiate between Ambler class A, B and D of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae by using simple phenotypic methods that can be carried out in the laboratory without requiring any specialised techniques. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Microbiology Department, Army Medical College, NUST, Islamabad, from November 2015 to November 2016. METHODOLOGY: Clinical specimens were subjected to identification of Enterobacteriaceae by colony morphology and API 20 E...
April 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614568/-serotype-distribution-and-drug-resistance-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-haemophilus-influenzae-and-moraxella-catarrhalis-isolated-from-nasopharynx-of-uygur-children
#18
H L Tian, W Shi, H F Zhou, L Yuan, K H Yao, Dawuti Rexiati, A M Xu
Objective: To investigate the serotype distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Streptococcus pneumoniae ( S. pneumoniae ), Haemophilus influenzae ( H. influenzae ) and Moraxella catarrhalis ( M. catarrhalis ) isolates collected from nasopharyngeal swabs from Uygur children in Kashi. Methods: Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from inpatient Uygur children aged from 1 month to 5 years with respiratory infections from the pediatric department, the First People's Hospital of Kashi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region...
April 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608757/prevalence-and-antimicrobial-resistance-patterns-of-salmonella-isolated-from-poultry-farms-in-southeastern-united-states
#19
C G Velasquez, K S Macklin, S Kumar, M Bailey, P E Ebner, H F Oliver, F S Martin-Gonzalez, M Singh
Salmonella spp. are among the most common foodborne pathogens, and increase in the occurrence of antimicrobial drug-resistant Salmonella poses a severe risk to public health. The main objective of this study was to determine changes in Salmonella prevalence and their antimicrobial resistance on poultry farms following recommendations to changes in biosecurity practices. Four poultry farms were sampled by collecting cloacal swabs, drag swabs, and litter samples prior to recommended biosecurity changes (March-April) and post recommendations (October-November)...
March 27, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605347/diagnosis-and-management-of-pediatric-sinusitis-a-survey-of-primary-care-otolaryngology-and-urgent-care-providers
#20
Laurie Newton, Amanda Kotowski, Melissa Grinker, Robert Chun
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this project were two-fold: 1) To assess pediatric primary care (PCP), pediatric otolaryngology (ENT) and pediatric urgent care (UC) providers' perception of their adherence to the 2013 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) established guidelines for the diagnosis and management of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis (ABRS) in children 1-18 years old and 2) to assess the same providers' practice patterns in the diagnosis and management of pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis (PCRS)...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
keyword
keyword
6728
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"