keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Clavulanic acid

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448094/the-prevalence-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-listeria-spp-in-raw-milk-and-traditional-dairy-products-delivered-in-yazd-central-iran-2016
#1
Fateme Akrami-Mohajeri, Zahra Derakhshan, Margherita Ferrantee, Negar Hamidiyan, Meysam Soleymani, Gea Oliveri Conti
Listeria monocytogenes is an important foodborne pathogen which its data in Iranian dairy products is limited. A total of 545 samples of traditional dairy products (raw milk, traditional cheese, traditional butter, traditional curd, and traditional ice cream) were collected from traditional dairy shops located in Yazd, Iran. L. monocytogenes was isolated, and positive samples were confirmed by polymerase chain reaction. Antibiotic sensitivity test was conducted to determine the antibiotic resistance. Listeria species were isolated from 11...
February 12, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441201/leech-management-before-application-on-patient-a-nationwide-survey-of-practices-in-french-university-hospitals
#2
Delphine Grau, Raphaël Masson, Maxime Villiet, Brigitte Lamy
Background: Leech therapy in plastic/reconstructive microsurgery significantly improves a successful outcome of flap salvage but the drawback is a risk of severe infection that results in a drop of the salvage rates from 70-80% to below 30%. We report the results of a national survey conducted in all the French university hospitals to assess the current extent of use of leech for medical practices in the hospital and to investigate maintenance, delivery practices and prevention of the risk of infection...
2018: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429458/-burkholderia-cepacia-infection-in-children-a-clinical-analysis-of-16-cases
#3
Fang Peng, Li-Li Zhong, Xiao-Juan Lin, Min Chen, Miao Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the distribution characteristics and clinical features of Burkholderia cepacia infection in children. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 16 children with Burkholderia cepacia infection who were hospitalized between June 2012 and September 2017. RESULTS: All 16 children with Burkholderia cepacia infection were sporadic cases. A total of 16 strains of Burkholderia cepacia were isolated, among which 8 were detected by sputum culture, 5 were detected by blood culture, 2 were detected by tracheal intubation tip culture, and 1 was detected by lung biopsy culture...
February 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421836/drugs-in-pregnancy-and-lactation-medications-used-in-swiss-obstetrics
#4
Larissa Schenkel, Ana Paula Simões-Wüst, Irene Hösli, Ursula von Mandach
BACKGROUND: In order to improve the safety for drugs in pregnancy and lactation, data on the clinical practice must be collected and validated. METHODS: Data on the medications routinely used were requested from the university hospitals for obstetrics and the non-university perinatal centres in Switzerland and recommendations and guidelines of scientific societies for the various fields of application were sought. RESULTS: Part I: For during pregnancy and the peripartal period respectively, 69 and 21 different active constituents of medications were identified from at least 4 centres...
February 8, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413671/the-prevalence-of-clostridium-difficile-in-cattle-and-sheep-carcasses-and-the-antibiotic-susceptibility-of-isolates
#5
Hamparsun Hampikyan, Enver Baris Bingol, Karlo Muratoglu, Esra Akkaya, Omer Cetin, Hilal Colak
Clostridium difficile is an anaerobic, spore forming, rod shaped bacterium frequently isolated from butchery animals in recent years. The aim of this study is to evaluate the presence of C. difficile (especially ribotype 027 and 078) in cattle and sheep carcasses and to investigate the antibiotic susceptibility of isolates. The bacterium was isolated in 83 out of 247 (33.6%) cattle and 78 out of 308 (25.3%) sheep carcass samples. 15/83 (18.1%) cattle and 6/78 (7.7%) sheep isolates were identified as ribotype 027, whereas the other hypervirulent isolate ribotype 078 could not be detected among the analysed samples...
January 31, 2018: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408033/relative-performance-of-antimicrobial-susceptibility-assays-on-clinical-escherichia-coli-isolates-from-animals
#6
Skye Badger, Sam Abraham, Sugiyono Saputra, Darren J Trott, John Turnidge, Tahlia Mitchell, Charles G B Caraguel, David Jordan
The assessment of antimicrobial resistance in bacteria derived from animals is often performed using the disc diffusion assay. However broth-microdilution is the preferred assay for national antimicrobial resistance surveillance programs. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of disc diffusion relative to broth-microdilution across a panel of 12 antimicrobials using data from a collection of 994 clinical Escherichia coli isolates from animals. Disc diffusion performance was evaluated by diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratio pairs and receive-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis...
February 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405759/chemical-composition-antioxidant-and-antibacterial-activity-of-bunium-persicum-eucalyptus-globulus-and-rose-water-on-multidrug-resistant-listeria-species
#7
Farhad Sharafati Chaleshtori, Mohamad Saholi, Reza Sharafati Chaleshtori
This research was aimed at investigating the antioxidant and antibacterial activity of Bunium persicum, Eucalyptus globulus, and rose water on multidrug-resistant Listeria species. The antibiotic resistance of Listeria spp obtained from seafood samples were determined by the Kirby-Bauer method. The antioxidant and antibacterial activity of the essential oils and extracts were evaluated using ferric reducing antioxidant power and microdilution methods, respectively. A total 2 samples (1.88%) were positive for Listeria spp...
January 2018: J Evid Based Integr Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404683/an-enhanced-genome-scale-metabolic-reconstruction-of-streptomyces-clavuligerus-identifies-novel-strain-improvement-strategies
#8
León Toro, Laura Pinilla, Claudio Avignone-Rossa, Rigoberto Ríos-Estepa
In this work, we expanded and updated a genome-scale metabolic model of Streptomyces clavuligerus. The model includes 1021 genes and 1494 biochemical reactions; genome-reaction information was curated and new features related to clavam metabolism and to the biomass synthesis equation were incorporated. The model was validated using experimental data from the literature and simulations were performed to predict cellular growth and clavulanic acid biosynthesis. Flux balance analysis (FBA) showed that limiting concentrations of phosphate and an excess of ammonia accumulation are unfavorable for growth and clavulanic acid biosynthesis...
February 5, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395563/-bacteriology-of-acute-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-tunisia
#9
S Messous, M H Grissa, K Beltaief, R Boukef, S Nouira, M Mastouri
INTRODUCTION: The role of bacteria, including atypical organisms, in acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) has been assessed in various ways in Tunisia. METHODS: This was a descriptive and analytical study of patients with a mean age of 68.3±10.5 years hospitalized for AECOPD. Bacteriological examination included a cytological sputum exam and serology for atypical organisms including Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Coxiella burnetii, Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Legionella pneumophila using standard techniques...
January 29, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368165/antibiotic-resistance-in-e-coli-isolates-from-patients-with-urinary-tract-infections-presenting-to-the-emergency-department
#10
Florian Hitzenbichler, Michaela Simon, Thomas Holzmann, Michael Iberer, Markus Zimmermann, Bernd Salzberger, Frank Hanses
PURPOSE: Escherichia coli urine isolates from patients presenting to the emergency department at a German tertiary care hospital were retrospectively analyzed from January 2015-March 2017 to determine antibiotic resistance patterns and patient risk factors for resistance. METHODS: Uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) was defined as UTI in the otherwise healthy patient without relevant co-morbidities and complications. Patients were assumed to have UTI if diagnosis was made by the attending physician with conclusive dipstick results...
January 24, 2018: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358784/-uncomplicated-urinary-tract-infections-antimicrobial-susceptibility-study-in-navarre
#11
A Aguinaga, A Gil-Setas, A Mazón Ramos, A Alvaro, J J García-Irure, A Navascués, C Ezpeleta Baquedano
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a high prevalence infection at the community level. In order to improve the adequacy of the empirical therapy, we evaluated the etiology and the resistance pattern of the main uropathogens responsible for community acquired UTI in Navarre. METHODS: Retrospective study (2014-2016) in which we included microorganisms recovered with significant counts from samples of patients with community-acquired UTI. The global etiology and etiology according to age and sex was analyzed...
January 23, 2018: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358539/effectiveness-of-antimicrobial-therapy-after-extraction-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
A Rabi, Rahul Maheshwari, Bhuvaneshwari Srinivasan, Lata P Warad, C C Suvarna, Kartik S Tank
AIM: The present study was conducted with the aim of evaluating the effectiveness of antimicrobial therapy following extraction of an impacted mandibular third molar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was conducted on a total of 60 patients who were randomly assigned into three groups: Group I individuals were given 625 mg of combined amoxicillin and clavulanic acid tablet; 625 mg of combined amoxicillin and clavulanic acid tablet + 400 mg metronidazole tablet was given to group II individuals; whereas group III individuals were assigned no treatment...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352469/amoxicillin-current-use-in-swine-medicine
#13
REVIEW
D G S Burch, D Sperling
Amoxicillin has become a major antimicrobial substance in pig medicine for the treatment and control of severe, systemic infections such as Streptococcus suis. The minimum inhibitory concentration 90% (MIC 90) is 0.06 μg amoxicillin/ml, and the proposed epidemiological cut-off value (ECOFF) is 0.5 μg/ml, giving only 0.7% of isolates above the ECOFF or of reduced susceptibility. Clinical breakpoints have not been set for amoxicillin against porcine pathogens yet, hence the use of ECOFFs. It has also been successfully used for bacterial respiratory infections caused by Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae and Pasteurella multocida...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319517/characterisation-of-antimicrobial-properties-of-extracts-of-selected-medicinal-plants
#14
Monika Cioch, Paweł Satora, Magdalena Skotniczny, Dorota Semik-Szczurak, Tomasz Tarko
The scope of the experiments included analysis of the antimicrobial activity of ethanolic, methanolic and aqueous extracts against bacterial and fungal cultures and determination of the minimum inhibitory concentration of plant extracts tested microbial growth. Analysis of the antifungal and antibacterial activity was carried out by the disc diffusion method using paper discs. In the experiment 11 species of microorganisms - 8 bacterial and 3 fungal strains were used. The highest antimicrobial activity against the tested strains was demonstrated by black elder (Sambucus nigra L...
December 4, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303686/microbiologic-analysis-of-complicated-and-uncomplicated-acute-appendicitis
#15
Andrés García-Marín, Mercedes Pérez-López, Elena Martínez-Guerrero, Lorena Rodríguez-Cazalla, Antonio Compañ-Rosique
BACKGROUND: Microbiologic studies suggest that complicated (CAA) and uncomplicated (UAA) acute appendicitis are different entities. Routine peritoneal fluid cultures continue to be controversially related to a low positive rate, found mainly in UAA; to isolation of typical micro-organisms with expected susceptibilities; and to a community-acquired intra-abdominal infection. The aim of this study was to describe microbiologic isolates in CAA and UAA and the usefulness of peritoneal fluid cultures to determine the susceptibilities to our antibiotic therapy guidelines...
January 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303023/a-multicentre-survey-of-the-antibiotic-susceptibility-of-clinical-bacteroides-species-from-hungary
#16
Károly Péter Sárvári, József Sóki, Katalin Kristóf, Emese Juhász, Cecília Miszti, Krisztina Latkóczy, Szilvia Zsóka Melegh, Edit Urbán
BACKGROUND: The species of the Bacteroides fragilis group are important components of human microbiota, but as opportunistic pathogens they can be the causative agents of severe infections. METHODS: The major aims of our investigation were the evaluation of the susceptibility of 400 different Hungarian B. fragilis group isolates to 10 antibiotics by the agar dilution method, the comparison of our resistance data with previous national and international antibiotic resistance data and the comparison of present data in regional aspect...
January 5, 2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300785/management-of-minor-ailments-in-a-community-pharmacy-setting-findings-from-simulated-visits-and-qualitative-study-in-gondar-town-ethiopia
#17
Asnakew Achaw Ayele, Abebe Basazn Mekuria, Henok Getachew Tegegn, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie, Alemayehu Birhane Mekonnen, Daniel Asfaw Erku
Community pharmacy professionals are being widely accepted as sources of treatment and advice for managing minor ailments, largely owing to their location at the heart of the community. The aim of the present study was, therefore, to document the involvement of community pharmacy professionals in the management of minor ailments and perceived barriers that limit their provision of such services. Simulated patient (SP) visits combined with a qualitative study using in-depth interviews was conducted among community pharmacy professionals in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291486/pharmacodynamic-interactions-of-amikacin-with-selected-%C3%AE-lactams-and-fluoroquinolones-against-canine-escherichia-coli-isolates
#18
Georgios A Delis, Victoria I Siarkou, Elpida I Vingopoulou, Maria Koutsoviti-Papadopoulou, Georgios C Batzias
Knowledge of in vitro antimicrobial interactions can serve as a guide for clinical application of combination antimicrobial regimens. The aim of the present study was to determine the pharmacodynamic interactions of amikacin with either amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, ceftazidime, enrofloxacin or marbofloxacin against clinical canine Escherichia coli isolates. Bactericidal activity of individual antimicrobials was assessed by use of static kill curves. Interactions between amikacin and each of the β-lactams or fluoroquinolones were subsequently analyzed by employing the fractional maximal effect method...
December 18, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284971/assessment-of-total-antioxidant-capacity-and-antimicrobial-activity-of-glycyrrhiza-glabra-in-saliva-of-hiv-infected-patients
#19
Eby Aluckal, Asif Ismail, Anoopa Paulose, Sanju Lakshmanan, M S Balakrishnan, Benoy Mathew, Vikneshan M, Abraham Kunnilathu
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the antimicrobial activity and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of licorice in Saliva of HIV/AIDS patients. Materials and Methods: Saliva specimens were collected from 20 people living with HIV infection, with CD4 count <500 cells/mm3 from people infected with HIV/AIDS in Mangalore city, India. A combination of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid and nystatin was taken as the positive control and normal saline as negative control...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282189/cutaneous-mucormycosis-a-fatal-complication-of-immunosuppressant-therapy-for-pemphigus-vulgaris
#20
Kanika Sahni, Dipankar De, Sunil Dogra, Amrinderjit Kanwar, Uma Nahar Saikia
A 62-year-old man with no comorbidities presented to the outpatient department of our Institute with a history of extensive vesiculobullous and erosive skin lesions and oral erosions for 2 months and fever for 1 week. A diagnosis of pemphigus vulgaris was made based on histopathology and direct immunofluorescence of a skin biopsy specimen, and the patient was started on oral prednisolone 40 mg per day along with intravenous antibiotics (amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, gentamicin, and metronidazole) empirically, pending blood and skin swab culture and sensitivity reports...
2017: Skinmed
keyword
keyword
6728
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"