keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Very low birthweight

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907284/working-memory-in-very-low-birthweight-children-at-the-age-of-11-years
#1
Satu Korpela, Anna Nyman, Petriina Munck, Annarilla Ahtola, Jaakko Matomäki, Tapio Korhonen, Riitta Parkkola, Leena Haataja
The aim of this study is to investigate the working memory (WM) of very-low-birthweight (VLBW, ≤ 1500 g) children at the age of 11 years using Baddeley's WM model. A regional cohort of 95 VLBW children was assessed for the domains of the WM model (central executive [CE], visuospatial sketchpad [VS], and phonological loop [PL]) using subtests from the Working Memory Test Battery for Children (WMTB-C) and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Fourth Edition (WISC-IV). VLBW children were categorized into three groups according to their degree of brain pathology (normal, minor, or major) in neonatal brain magnetic resonance imaging at the term age, and the WM performance was compared between groups to test norms...
December 1, 2016: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882544/prospective-evaluation-of-the-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-3rd-edition-in-very-low-birthweight-infants
#2
Pratibha K Agarwal, Luming Shi, Lourdes M Daniel, Phey Hong Yang, Poh Choo Khoo, Bin Huey Quek, Qishi Zheng, Victor S Rajadurai
AIM: To evaluate the predictive and concurrent diagnostic agreement of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire 3rd Edition (ASQ-3) with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development 3rd Edition (Bayley-III) in infants born preterm and very-low-birthweight (PT/VLBW; ≤1250g). METHOD: We evaluated 141 PT/VLBW infants (68 males, 73 females) born at the KK Women's and Children's Hospital between January 2010 and December 2011, to determine predictive and concurrent diagnostic agreement between the ASQ-3 at 9, 12, 18, and 24 months corrected age and Bayley-III at 24 months...
November 24, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873371/getting-a-sporting-chance-title-ix-and-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-health
#3
Lisa Schulkind
We know that healthier mothers tend to have healthier infants, but we do not know how much of that relationship reflects the intergenerational transmission of genetic attributes versus environmental influences. From a policy perspective, it is crucial to understand which environmental influences are important and whether investments in one generation affect outcomes for the next. I use variation in the implementation of Title IX to measure the effects of increased athletic opportunities on the health of infants...
November 22, 2016: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864000/timing-of-initiation-of-antiretroviral-therapy-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Olalekan A Uthman, Jean B Nachega, Jean Anderson, Steve Kanters, Edward J Mills, Françoise Renaud, Shaffiq Essajee, Meg C Doherty, Lynne M Mofenson
BACKGROUND: Although lifelong combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) is recommended for all individuals with HIV, few data exist for pregnancy outcomes associated with ART initiation before conception. We assessed adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with ART initiated before conception compared with that of ART started after conception. METHODS: We did a systematic review of studies from low-income, middle-income, and high-income countries by searching the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase, LILACS, MEDLINE, Toxline, Web of Knowledge, and WHO Global Index Medicus and trials in progress (International Clinical Trials Registry Platform) for randomised trials, quasi-randomised trials, and prospective cohort studies done between Jan 1, 1980, and June 1, 2016, in which timing of ART initiation in pregnant women living with HIV was reported...
November 15, 2016: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828937/ethyl-linolenate-is-elevated-in-meconium-of-very-low-birthweight-neonates-exposed-to-alcohol-in-utero
#5
Teresa S Gross, Frank Harris, Lou Ann S Brown, Theresa W Gauthier
BACKGROUND: The health implications of in utero alcohol exposure have been difficult to study in very low birth weight newborns (VLBW) because of an inability to identify maternal alcohol exposure. Fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) are elevated in meconium of alcohol-exposed term newborns. We hypothesized that meconium FAEEs would be similarly elevated in alcohol-exposed VLBW premature newborns. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study of 64 VLBW neonates, newborns were classified into Non-Exposed, Any Exposure, or Weekly Exposure groups based on an in-depth structured maternal interview...
November 9, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809613/in-resource-limited-areas-complete-enteral-feed-in-stable-very-low-birth-weight-infants-1000-1500grams-started-within-24%C3%A2-hours-of-life-can-improve-nutritional-outcome
#6
Reeta Bora, Nishchay B Murthy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate feasibility of complete enteral feed in stable very low birth weight neonates weighing 1000-1500 gms. SUBJECTS AND INTERVENTIONS: One hundred & three stable vlbw neonates (1000-1500gms) irrespective of gestational age were randomized to receive either complete enteral feed(CEF) with expressed breast milk (EBM)(n = 51) or minimal enteral feed (MEF) supplemented with intravenous fluid. (MEF)(n = 52).Feed volume was increased progressively...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806990/influence-of-own-mother-s-milk-on-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-and-costs
#7
Aloka L Patel, Tricia J Johnson, Beverley Robin, Harold R Bigger, Ashley Buchanan, Elizabeth Christian, Vikram Nandhan, Anita Shroff, Michael Schoeny, Janet L Engstrom, Paula P Meier
BACKGROUND: Human milk from the infant's mother (own mother's milk; OMM) feedings reduces the risk of several morbidities in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants, but limited data exist regarding its impact on bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). OBJECTIVE: To prospectively study the impact of OMM received in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) on the risk of BPD and associated costs. DESIGN/METHODS: A 5-year prospective cohort study of the impact of OMM dose on growth, morbidity and NICU costs in VLBW infants...
November 2, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699897/childhood-body-mass-is-positively-associated-with-cesarean-birth-in-yucatec-maya-subsistence-farmers
#8
Amanda Veile, Karen L Kramer
OBJECTIVE: The epidemiologic link between cesarean birth and childhood obesity is unresolved, partly because most studies come from industrialized settings where many post-birth factors affect the risk for obesity. We take advantage of an unusual ethnographic situation where hospital and cesarean birth modes have recently been introduced among Yucatec Maya subsistence farmers, but young children have had minimal exposure to the nutritional transition. While we expect to find very low rates of childhood obesity, we predict that cesarean-born children will be larger and heavier than vaginally born children...
October 4, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677342/group-b-streptococcus-late-onset-sepsis-in-very-low-birth-weight-newborns-10-years-experience
#9
Francesco M Risso, Elio Castagnola, Roberto Bandettini, Diego Minghetti, Laura Pagani, Luca A Ramenghi
PURPOSE: The incidence of late-onset neonatal infection (LONS) group B streptococcus (GBS) in very low birthweight (VLBW) is still matter of debate. In the present 10-years retrospective study we investigated the epidemiology of GBS LONS in VLBW neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2006 to July 2015 we conducted a retrospective study in all preterm infants admitted at our third level referral center for neonatal intensive care (NICU). From our database we were able to retrieve all cases of bloodstream infections/meningitis GBS positive...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671836/two-hourly-versus-3-hourly-feeding-for-very-low-birthweight-infants-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Nor Rosidah Ibrahim, Tan Hooi Kheng, Ariffin Nasir, Noraida Ramli, Jimmy Lee Kok Foo, Sharifah Huda Syed Alwi, Hans Van Rostenberghe
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether feeding with 2-hourly or 3-hourly feeding interval reduces the time to achieve full enteral feeding and to compare their outcome in very low birthweight preterm infants. DESIGN: Parallel-group randomised controlled trial with a 1:1 allocation ratio. SETTING: Two regional tertiary neonatal intensive care units. PATIENTS: 150 preterm infants less than 35 weeks gestation with birth weight between 1...
September 26, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623808/a-quality-improvement-initiative-for-delayed-umbilical-cord-clamping-in-very-low-birthweight-infants
#11
Jeff Bolstridge, Tracy Bell, Barbara Dean, Amy Mackley, Gina Moore, Cheryl Swift, Dina Viscount, David A Paul, Stephen A Pearlman
BACKGROUND: Due to clinical benefits, delayed cord clamping (DCC) is recommended in infants born before 37 weeks gestational age. The objective was to institute a delayed cord clamping program and to evaluate clinical outcomes one year after initiation. METHODS: This study occured at Christiana Care Health System, a tertiary care facility with a 52 bed level 3 Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). A multidisciplinary team created a departmental policy, a DCC protocol and educational programs to support the development of a DCC program...
September 13, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601464/adrenocortical-insufficiency-and-refractory-hypotension-in-preterm-infants
#12
Pak Cheung Ng
Preterm, very low birthweight (VLBW) infants are prone to life-threatening hypotension secondary to hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis immaturity, resulting in adrenocortical insufficiency. Clinical presentations of inotrope-resistant refractory hypotension are usually evident, but interpretation of serum cortisol may pose much difficulty to front-line neonatologists. This review examines the salient pathophysiology of adrenocortical insufficiency in the immediate postnatal period, characterises its endocrinological abnormalities, and describes the typical and variant clinical presentations...
September 6, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590475/insertion-of-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-in-neonates-less-than-1-5%C3%A2-kg-using-ultrasound-guidance
#13
Kevin N Johnson, Tina Thomas, Jason Grove, Marcus D Jarboe
BACKGROUND: Neonates commonly require central access, and in those with very low or extremely low birthweight this can be challenging. Described here is a technique that uses ultrasound guidance in the placement of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) in neonates and an analysis of outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted of all patients below 1500 g that underwent placement of a peripherally inserted central catheter under ultrasound guidance between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2014 at a single center...
November 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589554/morbidity-and-mortality-associated-with%C3%A2-rewarming-hypothermic-very-low-birth%C3%A2-weight%C3%A2-infants
#14
A Feldman, B De Benedictis, Gad Alpan, E F La Gamma, J Kase
OBJECTIVES: In very low birthweight (VLBW) infants, hypothermia is associated with poor outcomes. The goal of this study is to assess the relationship between the rate of rewarming these babies and their outcomes. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 98 inborn VLBW infants who were hypothermic (<36°C rectally) upon admission to the NICU. A logistic regression model was used to examine the relationship between the rates of rewarming and time to achieve euthermia and the following outcomes: death, intraventricular hemorrhage, severe intraventricular hemorrhage, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, necrotizing enterocolitis and retinopathy of prematurity...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565941/relationship-between-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-leptin-and-ghrelin-levels-and-catch-up-growth-in-small-for-gestational-age-infants-of-27-31-weeks-during-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-admission
#15
Natsuki Ohkawa, Hiromichi Shoji, Naho Ikeda, Hiroki Suganuma, Toshiaki Shimizu
AIM: Poor post-natal growth is related to later morbidity and poor cognitive development in preterm infants. We investigated the relationship between plasma insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), leptin, active ghrelin levels and post-natal growth in preterm infants small for gestational age (SGA). METHODS: Plasma IGF-1, leptin and active ghrelin levels were measured at birth and at 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks after birth in 42 very low birthweight (VLBW) infants (born between 27 and 31 weeks of gestation), including 14 SGA infants with extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR), 6 SGA infants without EUGR and 22 appropriate-for-gestational-age infants...
August 27, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555641/reduction-in-general-intelligence-and-executive-function-persists-into-adulthood-among-very-preterm-or-very-low-birthweight-children
#16
Jon Skranes, Gro C C Løhaugen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539482/the-impact-of-a-sepsis-quality-improvement-project-on-neurodisability-rates-in-very-low-birthweight-infants
#17
Jonathan W Davis, David Odd, Sally Jary, Karen Luyt
OBJECTIVE: Very low birthweight (VLBW; <1500 g) infants with late-onset sepsis (LOS) have an increased risk of neurodisability. Care bundles to reduce bloodstream infections in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are effective in reducing LOS. Our aim was to determine if a sepsis reduction bundle introduced through a quality improvement project would impact neurodevelopmental outcomes in VLBW infants. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Level 3 regional NICU in the South West of England...
August 18, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497045/postponed-pregnancies-and-risks-of-very-advanced-maternal-age
#18
Christian Haslinger, Bernhard Stoiber, Federica Capanna, Marie-Kristin Schäffer, Roland Zimmermann, Leonhard Schäffer
QUESTIONS UNDER STUDY: To evaluate pregnancy outcome in pregnant women aged ≥45 years, termed very advanced maternal age (VAMA). METHODS: We retrospectively compared the outcome of pregnancies in VAMA patients with controls aged 30 years at time of delivery. Subgroups of singleton and multiple pregnancies were also analysed. Incidences of maternal and fetal adverse outcomes were measured. Statistical significance was set at p <0.05. Odds ratios (ORs) were adjusted where necessary...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484356/a-longitudinal-study-of-computerised-cardiotocography-in-early-fetal-growth-restriction
#19
Hans Wolf, Birgit Arabin, Christoph C Lees, Dick Oepkes, Federico Prefumo, Baskaran Thilaganathan, Tullia Todros, Gerard H A Visser, Caterina M Bilardo, Jan B Derks, Anke Diemert, Johannes J Duvekot, Enrico Ferrazzi, Tiziana Frusca, Kurt Hecher, Neil Marlow, Pasquale Martinelli, Eva Ostermayer, Aris T Papageorghiou, Hubertina C J Scheepers, Dietmar Schlembach, K T M Schneider, Adriana Valcamonico, Aleid van Wassenaer-Leemhuis, Wessel Ganzevoort
OBJECTIVES: To explore if in early fetal growth restriction (FGR) the longitudinal pattern of short-term fetal heart rate (FHR) variation (STV) can be used for identifying imminent fetal distress and if abnormalities of FHR registration associate with two-year infant outcome. METHODS: The original TRUFFLE study assessed if in early FGR the use of ductus venosus Doppler pulsatility index (DVPI), in combination with a safety-net of very low STV and / or recurrent decelerations, could improve two-year infant survival without neurological impairment in comparison to computerised cardiotocography (cCTG) with STV calculation only...
August 3, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455388/dopamine-agonists-for-preventing-future-miscarriage-in-women-with-idiopathic-hyperprolactinemia-and-recurrent-miscarriage-history
#20
REVIEW
Hengxi Chen, Jing Fu, Wei Huang
BACKGROUND: Hyperprolactinemia is the presence of abnormally high circulating levels of prolactin. Idopathic hyperprolactinemia is the term used when no cause of prolactin hypersecretion can be identified and it is causally related to the development of miscarriage in pregnant women, especially women who have a history of recurrent miscarriage. A possible mechanism is that high levels of prolactin affect the function of the ovaries, resulting in a luteal phase defect and miscarriage. A dopamine agonist is a compound with high efficacy in lowering prolactin levels and restoring gonadal function...
July 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
keyword
keyword
67277
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"