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Very low birthweight

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989948/morbidity-in-%C3%A2-1500-gram-births-in-spain-1993-2011-study-of-a-sample-of-1200-cases
#1
Concepción Gómez Esteban, Juan J Sánchez Carrión, Fernando J García Selgas, José M Segovia Guisado
Background and Objective. Preterm birth has a major impact on growth, and very preterm birth is associated with disabilities in numerous developmental domains. This article describes and quantifies morbidities in a sample of 1200 ≤1500-g births in Spain between 1993 and 2011 based on parent information, and it highlights several variables that influence these morbidities. Methods. Multiple method surveys using computer-assisted telephones interviewing and computer-assisted web interviewing methods. Sample design was intentional...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984736/effect-of-patients-clinical-information-on-the-diagnosis-of-and-decision-to-treat-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#2
Andreas Gschließer, Eva Stifter, Thomas Neumayer, Elisabeth Moser, Andrea Papp, Niklas Pircher, Guido Dorner, Stefan Egger, Nenad Vukojević, Isabel Oberacher-Velten, Ursula Schmidt-Erfurth
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of patients' clinical information on experts' diagnoses of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and decisions to treat. METHODS: Seven experts assessed wide-field fundus photographs of eyes of 52 premature infants of ≤30 weeks' gestational age or ≤1,500 g birthweight (BW) for ROP diagnosis (stage, plus disease, and aggressive posterior ROP) and the necessity for treatment for 2 days. On Day 1, they were masked to all patient data...
October 3, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984372/adverse-maternal-and-birth-outcomes-in-women-admitted-to-hospital-for-hyperemesis-gravidarum-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Linda Fiaschi, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Jack Gibson, Lisa Szatkowski, Laila J Tata
BACKGROUND: Evidence for risks of adverse maternal and birth outcomes in women with hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is predominantly from small studies, unknown, or conflicting. METHODS: A population-based cohort study using secondary health care records (Hospital Episode Statistics covering all of England from 1997 to 2012) was used to calculate odds ratios (OR) with 99% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between HG hospital admission and adverse outcomes, adjusting for maternal and pregnancy confounders...
October 6, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960558/reference-values-for-serum-cystatin-c-in-very-low-birthweight-infants-from-two-centres-of-china
#4
Yang Yang, Shu-Jun Li, Jing-Jing Pan, Yu-Hua Hu, Xiao-Yu Zhou, Rui Cheng, Xiao-Qing Chen
AIM: To determine the level of cystatin C (Cys-C) values in preterm babies for the purpose of becoming a good endogenous marker of renal function. METHODS: A total of 366 very low-birthweight infants (including 70 extremely low-birthweight babies) with gestational age <37 weeks born in two centres were studied. RESULTS: In very low-birthweight infants, the mean level of Cys-C was 1.96 ± 0.44 mg/L in blood samples taken on day 1, 1...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957424/nutrition-after-preterm-birth-and-adult-neurocognitive-outcomes
#5
Sara Sammallahti, Eero Kajantie, Hanna-Maria Matinolli, Riikka Pyhälä, Jari Lahti, Kati Heinonen, Marius Lahti, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Johan G Eriksson, Petteri Hovi, Anna-Liisa Järvenpää, Sture Andersson, Katri Raikkonen
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (<37 gestational weeks) poses a risk of poorer neurocognitive functioning. Faster growth after preterm birth predicts better cognitive abilities and can be promoted through adequate nutrition, but it remains unknown whether variations in nutrient intakes translate into long-term benefits for neurodevelopment. METHODS: In 86 participants of the Helsinki Study of Very Low Birth Weight Adults (birthweight <1500g), we examined if higher intakes of energy, macronutrients, and human milk during the first nine weeks after preterm birth predict performance in tests of cognitive ability at 25...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949421/calcium-supplementation-commencing-before-or-early-in-pregnancy-or-food-fortification-with-calcium-for-preventing-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy
#6
REVIEW
G Justus Hofmeyr, Sarah Manyame
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is considerably more prevalent in low- than high-income countries. One possible explanation for this discrepancy is dietary differences, particularly calcium deficiency. Calcium supplementation in the second half of pregnancy reduces the serious consequences of pre-eclampsia and is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) for women with low dietary calcium intake, but has limited effect on the overall risk of pre-eclampsia. It is important to establish whether calcium supplementation before and in early pregnancy has added benefit...
September 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940658/community-based-screening-to-detect-school-readiness-problems-in-very-preterm-children
#7
Nitin Rajput, Chris McKinlay, Gordon Purdie, Julia Filipovska, Malcolm Battin, Harshad Patel, Pat Tuohy
AIM: Very preterm (VPT) children (≤32 weeks) have school readiness difficulties across multiple domains, but routine follow-up is often limited. We assessed the performance of VPT children on the Before School Check (B4SC), a community-based screening programme of school readiness at 4 years of age. METHODS: VPT children discharged from Wellington and Auckland Neonatal Intensive Care Units (2005-2009) were compared to a national control cohort born during the same period...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937705/interventions-for-treating-genital-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-in-pregnancy
#8
REVIEW
Catherine Cluver, Natalia Novikova, David Oa Eriksson, Kevin Bengtsson, Göran K Lingman
BACKGROUND: Genital Chlamydia trachomatis (C.trachomatis) infection may lead to pregnancy complications such as miscarriage, preterm labour, low birthweight, preterm rupture of membranes, increased perinatal mortality, postpartum endometritis, chlamydial conjunctivitis and C.trachomatis pneumonia.This review supersedes a previous review on this topic. OBJECTIVES: To establish the most efficacious and best-tolerated therapy for treatment of genital chlamydial infection in preventing maternal infection and adverse neonatal outcomes...
September 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922932/racial-disparities-in-the-transgenerational-transmission-of-low-birthweight-risk
#9
Collette N Ncube, Daniel A Enquobahrie, Jessica G Burke, Feifei Ye, John Marx, Steven M Albert
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of maternal low birthweight (LBW) with infant LBW and infant LBW subgroups (i.e. moderate and very LBW), overall and among non-Hispanic (NH) white and NH black mothers. DESIGN: We conducted a population-based cohort study in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, using linked birth record data of NH white and NH black mother-infant pairs (N = 6,633) born in 1979-1998 and 2009-2011, respectively. The exposure of interest was maternal LBW (birthweight <2500 grams) while the outcomes were infant LBW and LBW subgroups - moderate LBW (1,500-2,499 grams) or very LBW (<1,500 grams)...
September 19, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916575/effects-of-probiotics-on-necrotizing-enterocolitis-sepsis-intraventricular-hemorrhage-mortality-length-of-hospital-stay-and-weight-gain-in-very-preterm-infants-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Jing Sun, Gayatri Marwah, Matthew Westgarth, Nicholas Buys, David Ellwood, Peter H Gray
Probiotics are increasingly used as a supplement to prevent adverse health outcomes in preterm infants. We conducted a systematic review, meta-analysis, and subgroup analysis of findings from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the magnitude of the effect of the probiotics on health outcomes among very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Relevant articles from January 2003 to June 2017 were selected from a broad range of databases, including Medline, PubMed, Scopus, and Embase. Studies were included if they used an RCT design, involved a VLBW infant (birthweight <1500 g or gestational age <32 wk) population, included a probiotic intervention group, measured necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) as a primary outcome, and measured sepsis, mortality, length of hospital stay, weight gain, and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) as additional outcomes...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832911/different-strategies-for-diagnosing-gestational-diabetes-to-improve-maternal-and-infant-health
#11
REVIEW
Diane Farrar, Lelia Duley, Therese Dowswell, Debbie A Lawlor
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is carbohydrate intolerance resulting in hyperglycaemia with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. If untreated, perinatal morbidity and mortality may be increased. Accurate diagnosis allows appropriate treatment. Use of different tests and different criteria will influence which women are diagnosed with GDM. This is an update of a review published in 2011 and 2015. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare different testing strategies for diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus to improve maternal and infant health while assessing their impact on healthcare service costs...
August 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826778/pregnancy-outcomes-of-women-with-a-congenital-unicornuate-uterus-after-ivf-embryo-transfer
#12
Xihong Li, Yan Ouyang, Yan Yi, Ge Lin, Guangxiu Lu, Fei Gong
Unicornuate uteri are caused by non-development of one Müllerian duct. The objective of this study was to investigate pregnancy outcomes of singleton and/or twin pregnancies in women with unicornuate uterus after IVF-embryo transfer (IVF-ET). The study group comprised 238 patients with a unicornuate uterus and the control group 818 patients with normal uterus. Compared with pregnancies with normal uterine morphology, a unicornuate uterus was associated with an increased risk of early pregnancy loss [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1...
August 3, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802347/using-quality-improvement-tools-to-reduce-chronic-lung-disease
#13
REVIEW
Alan Peter Picarillo, Waldemar Carlo
Rates of chronic lung disease (CLD) in very low birthweight infants have not decreased at the same pace as other neonatal morbidities over the past 20 years. Multifactorial causes of CLD make this common morbidity difficult to reduce, although there have been several successful quality improvement (QI) projects in individual neonatal intensive care units. QI projects have become a mainstay of neonatal care over the past decade, with an increasing number of publications devoted to this topic. A specific QI project for CLD must be based on best available evidence in the medical literature, expert recommendations, or based on work by previous QI initiatives...
September 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789952/the-tyr113his-t-c-rs1051740-and-very-slow-phenotype-of-the-ephx1-gene-alters-mir-26b-5p-and-mir-1207-5p-expression-in-pregnancy
#14
Pragalathan Naidoo, Rajen N Naidoo, Prithiksha Ramkaran, Kareshma Asharam, Anil A Chuturgoon
BACKGROUND: Environmental insults and microsomal epoxide hydrolase 1 (EPHX1) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), Tyr113His T/C rs1051740 and His139Arg A/G rs2234922, aberrantly alters microRNA (miR) expression and are linked to low birthweights (LBW). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the interplay between pollution, EPHX1 SNPs and miRs during pregnancy and associated LBW outcomes. METHODS: South African pregnant women (n=241) were recruited in the MACE birth cohort study in Durban, a city with high levels of industry and traffic related pollutants...
October 30, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770130/an-extremely-premature-neonate-with-severe-anemia
#15
Swosti Joshi, Ivy Mulinge, Medha Kamat
Spleen rupture in an extremely premature newborn is very rare event. High index of suspicion is required to make timely diagnosis and thereafter appropriate management. We present a rare case of an extremely premature, extremely low birthweight newborn who presented with severe anemia secondary to splenic rupture. It was managed conservatively without splenectomy resulting in complete resolution of symptoms. Although non-operative management of pediatric splenic injuries is now recognized as the treatment of choice, there is very little experience in premature newborns...
April 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754533/benefits-and-harms-of-treatment-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-by-the-european-association-of-urology-urological-infection-guidelines-panel
#16
Bela Köves, Tommaso Cai, Rajan Veeratterapillay, Robert Pickard, Thomas Seisen, Thomas B Lam, Cathy Yuhong Yuan, Franck Bruyere, Florian Wagenlehner, Riccardo Bartoletti, Suzanne E Geerlings, Adrian Pilatz, Benjamin Pradere, Fabian Hofmann, Gernot Bonkat, Björn Wullt
People with asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) are often unnecessarily treated with antibiotics risking adverse effects and antimicrobial resistance. We performed a systematic review to determine any benefits and harms of treating ABU in particular patient groups. Relevant databases were searched and eligible trials were assessed for risk-of-bias and Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Education quality. Where possible, a meta-analysis of extracted data was performed or a narrative synthesis of the evidence was presented...
July 25, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719639/oral-administration-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-during-gestation-period-for-preventing-hemolytic-disease-of-the-newborn-due-to-abo-incompatibility-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
REVIEW
Huijuan Cao, Ruohan Wu, Mei Han, Patrina Ha Yuen Caldwell, Jian-Ping Liu
BACKGROUND: About 85.3% of hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) is caused by maternal-fetal ABO blood group incompatibility. However, there is currently no recommended "best" therapy for ABO incompatibility during pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: To systematically assess the safety and effectiveness of oral Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) for preventing HDN due to ABO incompatibility. METHODS: The protocol of this review was registered on the PROSPERO website (No...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675466/does-a-comprehensive-family-centred-early-intervention-service-affect-stress-reactivity-and-emotion-regulation-in-very-low-birthweight-preterm-infants-at-toddler-age
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544886/the-level-of-physical-fitness-in-children-aged-6-7years-with-low-birthweight
#19
Elżbieta Cieśla, Monika Zaręba, Sławomir Kozieł
BACKGROUND: Level of physical fitness is related to the functional status of most of the bodily functions and so it appears to be very important to identify perinatal factors influencing physical fitness. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of birth weight on the level of physical fitness in children 6-7years of age. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Physical fitness was assessed using EUROFIT tests in 28,623 children, aged 6-7years, from rural areas in Poland...
May 22, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532280/trends-and-characteristics-of-fetal-and-neonatal-mortality-due-to-congenital-anomalies-colombia-1999-2008
#20
Claudia Patricia Roncancio, Sandra Patricia Misnaza, Isabel Cristina Peña, Franklyn Edwin Prieto, Michael J Cannon, Diana Valencia
OBJECTIVE: To describe fetal and neonatal mortality due to congenital anomalies in Colombia. METHODS: We analyzed all fetal and neonatal deaths due to a congenital anomaly registered with the Colombian vital statistics system during 1999-2008. RESULTS: The registry included 213,293 fetal deaths and 7,216,727 live births. Of the live births, 77,738 (1.08%) resulted in neonatal deaths. Congenital anomalies were responsible for 7321 fetal deaths (3...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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