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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401677/adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-among-adolescents-in-northwest-russia-a-population-registry-based-study
#1
Anna A Usynina, Vitaly Postoev, Jon Øyvind Odland, Andrej M Grjibovski
This study aimed to assess whether adolescents have an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes (APO) compared to adult women. We used data on 43,327 births from the population-based Arkhangelsk County Birth Registry, Northwest Russia, for 2012-2014. The perinatal outcomes included stillbirth, preterm birth (<37 and <32 weeks), low and very low birthweight, 5 min Apgar score <7 and <4, perinatal infections, and the need for neonatal transfer to a higher-level hospital. Multivariable logistic regression was applied to assess the associations between age and APO...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394356/carriage-of-cronobacter-sakazakii-in-the-very-preterm-infant-gut
#2
Sukantha Chandrasekaran, Carey-Ann D Burnham, Barbara B Warner, Phillip I Tarr, Todd N Wylie
Background: Cronobacter sakazakii causes severe neonatal infections, but we know little about gut carriage of this pathogen in very low birthweight infants. Methods: We sequenced 16S rRNA genes from 2,304 stools from 121 children at St. Louis Children's Hospital whose birthweight was ≤1,500 grams, attempted to isolate C. sakazakii from 157 of these stools, genome sequenced the recovered isolates, and sought correlations between indices of Cronobacter excretion, host characteristics and unit formula use...
January 31, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377728/milk-volume-at-2-weeks-predicts-mother-s-own-milk-feeding-at-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-discharge-for-very-low-birthweight-infants
#3
Rebecca Hoban, Harold Bigger, Michael Schoeny, Janet Engstrom, Paula Meier, Aloka L Patel
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine the maternal prepregnancy, pregnancy, and delivery risk factors that predicted coming to volume (CTV; achieving pumped mother's own milk [MOM] volume ≥500 mLs/day) and the continuation of MOM provision through to discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in mothers and their very low birthweight (VLBW; <1,500 g at birth) infants. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of prospectively collected data from 402 mothers of VLBW infants admitted to an urban NICU, including detailed MOM pumping records for a subset (51%) of the cohort...
January 29, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374641/successful-percutaneous-drainage-of-pneumatoceles-in-an-extremely-low-birthweight-infant
#4
Jogender Kumar, Kanya Mukhopadhyay, Anmol Bhatia
Pneumatoceles are thin-walled, air-filled cystic lesions developing within the lung parenchyma. It used to be a relatively common entity in the presurfactant era when preterm babies were ventilated at an unacceptably high positive pressure for respiratory distress syndrome. Pneumatocele formation is a very rare complication of pneumonia in neonates. We here report a case of extremely low-birthweight (ELBW) neonate who developed large bilateral pneumatoceles after staphylococcal pneumonia. Hereby, we present a case of an ELBW infant with bilateral massive pneumatoceles who underwent successful percutaneous catheter drainage to decompress these pneumatoceles...
January 26, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350401/neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-very-preterm-and-very-low-birthweight-infants-born-over-the-past-decade-a-meta-analytic-review
#5
REVIEW
Aurelie Pascal, Paul Govaert, Ann Oostra, Gunnar Naulaers, Els Ortibus, Christine Van den Broeck
AIM: The purpose of this systematic review was to provide an up-to-date global overview of the separate prevalences of motor and cognitive delays and cerebral palsy (CP) in very preterm (VPT) and very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants. METHOD: A comprehensive search was conducted across four databases. Cohort studies reporting the prevalence of CP and motor or cognitive outcome from 18 months corrected age until 6 years of VPT or VLBW infants born after 2006 were included...
January 19, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349938/improved-regional-disparities-in-neonatal-care-by-government-led-policies-in-korea
#6
In Gyu Song, Seung Han Shin, Han Suk Kim
BACKGROUND: Although the number of high-risk neonates has increased in Korea, hospitals were reluctant to open or maintain neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) due to the low medical cost. Consequently, there were regional disparities in facilities, equipment, and neonatal health outcomes. For these reasons, the Korean government began to invest in neonatal care during the last decade. We identified the status of NICUs in Korea and assessed changes after the government-driven policies...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341395/health-of-southern-tasmanian-4-to-6-year-old-children-in-out-of-home-care-compared-to-peers
#7
Marie Rauter, Anagha Jayakar, Tom Clemens, Zaharenia Galanos, Louise Newbery, Andrew Whelan
AIM: To compare the health of 4- to 6-year-old children in out-of-home care (OOHC) in Southern Tasmania with their peers. METHODS: Demographic and health data collection and prospective health assessment of all 4- to 6-year olds in OOHC in Southern Tasmania on 30 August 2011 was undertaken. Data were compared to Tasmanian and/or Australian peers. RESULTS: A total of 109 of 129 children aged 4 to 6 years were included in the study. Time in OOHC was on average 38 (range 0-76) months...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303230/planned-birth-at-or-near-term-for-improving-health-outcomes-for-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-and-their-infants
#8
REVIEW
Linda M Biesty, Aoife M Egan, Fidelma Dunne, Eugene Dempsey, Pauline Meskell, Valerie Smith, G Meabh Ni Bhuinneain, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. Women with gestational diabetes are more likely to experience adverse health outcomes such as pre-eclampsia or polyhydramnios (excess amniotic fluid). Their babies are also more likely to have health complications such as macrosomia (birthweight > 4000 g) and being large-for-gestational age (birthweight above the 90th percentile for gestational age). Current clinical guidelines support elective birth, at or near term in women with gestational diabetes to minimise perinatal complications, especially those related to macrosomia...
January 5, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300996/factors-associated-with-time-to-full-feeds-in-preterm-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#9
Gaurav Patwardhan, Ankit Soni, Nitin Rachwani, Sandeep Kadam, Sanjay Patole, Anand Pandit
Background: Feeding intolerance prolongs time to full feeds (TFFs) in preterm infants. We studied factors associated with TFF in preterm infants on standardized feeding regimen (SFR) and routine probiotic supplementation (RPS). Methods: This is a prospective cohort study of preterm infants ≤1500 g. Pearson's correlation, Mann-Whitney test and multivariate analysis were used. Results: In total, 37 of 304 admitted infants died before reaching full feeds...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300197/effectiveness-of-sucrose-used-routinely-for-pain-relief-and-neonatal-clinical-risk-in-preterm-infants-a-nonrandomized-study
#10
Beatriz Oliveira Valeri, Cláudia Maria Gaspardo, Francisco Eulógio Martinez, Maria Beatriz Martins Linhares
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants (PI) requiring the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) are exposed to early repetitive pain/distress. Little is known about how pain relief strategies interact with infants'clinical health status, such as severity of illness with pain responses. This study aimed to examine main and interactive effects of routine sucrose intervention and neonatal clinical risk (NCR) on biobehavioral pain reactivity-recovery in PI during painful blood collection procedures. METHODS: Very-low birthweight PI (n=104) were assigned to Low and High Clinical Risk Groups, according to the Clinical Risk Index for Babies...
January 3, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289490/positive-end-expiratory-pressure-during-resuscitation-at-birth-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#11
Ratchada Kitsommart, Kittaya Nakornchai, Buranee Yangthara, Ratchada Jiraprasertwong, Bosco Paes
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence of the effect of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) during resuscitation soon after birth. Premature neonates may experience respiratory distress from surfactant insufficiency and providing PEEP after the very first breath, may improve outcomes following appropriate resuscitation. The objective of this study was to evaluate the short term respiratory outcomes after positive pressure ventilation (PPV) with PEEP in preterm infants at birth. METHODS: A prospective randomized-controlled, pilot trial was conducted...
December 9, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276862/snappe-ii-and-risk-of-neonatal-morbidities-in-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants
#12
Beyza Özcan, A Sumru Kavurt, Özge Aydemir, Zeynep Gençtürk, Ahmet Yağmur Baş, Nihal Demirel
Özcan B, Kavurt AS, Aydemir Ö, Gençtürk Z, Baş AY, Demirel N. SNAPPE-II and risk of neonatal morbidities in very low birth weight preterm infants. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 105-112. Illness severity scores were described to estimate the mortality and morbidity risks based on data obtained shortly after admission to an intensive care unit. The aim of this study is to evaluate Scores for Neonatal Acute Physiology-Perinatal Extension-II (SNAPPE-II) as a predictors of neonatal morbidities such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP)...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239901/prevention-of-hiv-1-transmission-through-breastfeeding-efficacy-and-safety-of-maternal-antiretroviral-therapy-versus-infant-nevirapine-prophylaxis-for-duration-of-breastfeeding-in-hiv-1-infected-women-with-high-cd4-cell-count-impaact-promise-a-randomized-open
#13
Patricia M Flynn, Taha E Taha, Mae Cababasay, Mary Glenn Fowler, Lynne M Mofenson, Maxensia Owor, Susan Fiscus, Lynda Stranix-Chibanda, Anna Coutsoudis, Devasena Gnanashanmugam, Nahida Chakhtoura, Katie McCarthy, Cornelius Mukuzunga, Bonus Makanani, Dhayendre Moodley, Teacler Nematadzira, Bangini Kusakara, Sandesh Patil, Tichaona Vhembo, Raziya Bobat, Blandina T Mmbaga, Maysseb Masenya, Mandisa Nyati, Gerhard Theron, Helen Mulenga, Kevin Butler, David E Shapiro
BACKGROUND: No randomized trial has directly compared the efficacy of prolonged infant antiretroviral prophylaxis versus maternal antiretroviral therapy (mART) for prevention of mother-to-child transmission throughout the breastfeeding period. SETTING: Fourteen sites in sub-Saharan Africa and India. METHODS: A randomized, open label strategy trial was conducted in HIV-1-infected women with CD4 counts >350 cells/mm (or >country-specific ART threshold if higher) and their breastfeeding HIV-1-uninfected newborns...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212820/vision-in-former-very-low-birthweight-young-adults-with-and-without-retinopathy-of-prematurity-compared-with-term-born-controls-the-nz-1986-vlbw-follow-up-study
#14
Brian A Darlow, Mark J Elder, Bridget Kimber, Julia Martin, L John Horwood
OBJECTIVE: There are few data on visual outcomes in adulthood of former very low birthweight (VLBW; <1500 g) infants. We aimed to assess vision at 27-29 years in a national cohort of VLBW infants born in 1986 and assessed for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) when no treatment was available, compared with term born controls. METHODS: The cohort and controls attended a 2-day assessment in Christchurch as part of a larger study. Visual assessment included glasses prescription measured by focimeter, logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) distance visual acuity (VA), contrast sensitivity, autorefraction, retinal photographs and a questionnaire on vision-related everyday activities...
December 6, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204302/parainfluenza-3-respiratory-infection-associated-with-pericardial-effusion-in-a-very-low-birthweight-infant
#15
Cristina Aranda Cazón, Luis Arruza Gómez, Gloria Herranz Carrillo, Cristina González Menchén, Zarife Daoud Pérez, José Antonio Martínez-Orgado, José Tomás Ramos Amador
Parainfluenza 3 virus is a frequent cause of respiratory infections in the pediatric population although it is uncommonly diagnosed in neonates, being usually reported as neonatal intensive care unit microepidemics. We report a case of parainfluenza 3 respiratory infection associated with pericardial effusion in a very low birthweight infant.
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203503/multicentre-prospective-randomised-single-blind-controlled-study-protocol-of-the-effect-of-an-additional-parent-administered-sensorimotor-stimulation-on-neurological-development-of-preterm-infants-primebrain
#16
Karine Pelc, Irit Daniel, Bernard Wenderickx, Bernard Dan
INTRODUCTION: Preterm and very low birthweight infants are at increased risk for neurodevelopmental disorders, including cerebral palsy, sensory impairment and intellectual disability. Several early intervention approaches have been designed in the hope of optimising neurological development in this context. It seems important that the intervention takes into account parental mental health, focuses on parent-child interactions and lasts sufficiently long. This study aims to evaluate the effects of a stimulation programme administered by parents until 6 months post-term on motor and neurophysiological development of infants born preterm...
December 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193118/in-premature-infants-there-is-no-decrease-in-24-hour-posttransfusion-allogeneic-red-blood-cell-recovery-after-42-days-of-storage
#17
Demet Nalbant, José A Cancelas, Donald M Mock, Svetlana V Kyosseva, Robert L Schmidt, Gretchen A Cress, M Bridget Zimmerman, Ronald G Strauss, John A Widness
BACKGROUND: Critically ill preterm very-low-birthweight (VLBW) neonates (birthweight ≤ 1.5 kg) frequently develop anemia that is treated with red blood cell (RBC) transfusions. Although RBCs transfused to adults demonstrate progressive decreases in posttransfusion 24-hour RBC recovery (PTR24 ) during storage-to a mean of approximately 85% of the Food and Drug Administration-allowed 42-day storage-limited data in infants indicate no decrease in PTR24 with storage. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We hypothesized that PTR24 of allogeneic RBCs transfused to anemic VLBW newborns: 1) will be greater than PTR24 of autologous RBCs transfused into healthy adults and 2) will not decrease with increasing storage duration...
November 29, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141263/cross-correlation-of-heart-rate-and-oxygen-saturation-in-very-low-birthweight-infants-association-with-apnea-and-adverse-events
#18
Karen D Fairchild, Douglas E Lake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140454/gestational-age-specific-perinatal-mortality-rates-for-assisted-reproductive-technology-art-and-other-births
#19
Abrar A Chughtai, Alex Y Wang, Lisa Hilder, Zhuoyang Li, Kei Lui, Cindy Farquhar, Elizabeth A Sullivan
STUDY QUESTION: Is perinatal mortality rate higher among births born following assisted reproductive technology (ART) compared to non-ART births? SUMMARY ANSWER: Overall perinatal mortality rates in ART births was higher compared to non-ART births, but gestational age-specific perinatal mortality rate of ART births was lower for very preterm and moderate to late preterm births. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Births born following ART are reported to have higher risk of adverse perinatal outcomes compared to non-ART births...
November 13, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122829/retrospective-cohort-analysis-on-pancreatic-enzyme-substitution-in-very-low-birthweight-infants-with-postnatal-growth-failure
#20
Julian O Ziegler, Christoph Maas, Wolfgang Bernhard, Joerg Arand, Christian F Poets, Axel R Franz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of pancreatic enzyme substitution (PES) in selected very low birthweight (VLBW) infants with poor postnatal growth despite intensified nutritional support. DESIGN: Retrospective historic cohort study with matched controls. SETTING: Single level III neonatal intensive care unit. PATIENTS: Infants with a gestational age at birth <32 weeks and birth weight <1500 g born between 1 January 2005 and 31 December 2014 (n=26) who received PES for restricted postnatal growth despite intensified enteral nutritional support in comparison with infants matched for birth weight, birth year, gestational and postnatal age (n=52)...
November 9, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
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