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Very low birthweight

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544886/the-level-of-physical-fitness-in-children-aged-6-7years-with-low-birthweight
#1
Elżbieta Cieśla, Monika Zaręba, Sławomir Kozieł
BACKGROUND: Level of physical fitness is related to the functional status of most of the bodily functions and so it appears to be very important to identify perinatal factors influencing physical fitness. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of birth weight on the level of physical fitness in children 6-7years of age. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Physical fitness was assessed using EUROFIT tests in 28,623 children, aged 6-7years, from rural areas in Poland...
May 22, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532280/trends-and-characteristics-of-fetal-and-neonatal-mortality-due-to-congenital-anomalies-colombia-1999-2008
#2
Claudia Patricia Roncancio, Sandra Patricia Misnaza, Isabel Cristina Peña, Franklyn Edwin Prieto, Michael J Cannon, Diana Valencia
OBJECTIVE: To describe fetal and neonatal mortality due to congenital anomalies in Colombia. METHODS: We analyzed all fetal and neonatal deaths due to a congenital anomaly registered with the Colombian vital statistics system during 1999-2008. RESULTS: The registry included 213,293 fetal deaths and 7,216,727 live births. Of the live births, 77,738 (1.08%) resulted in neonatal deaths. Congenital anomalies were responsible for 7321 fetal deaths (3...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516443/multiple-red-blood-cell-transfusions-and-iron-overload-in-very-low-birthweight-infants
#3
J D Treviño-Báez, E Briones-Lara, J Alamillo-Velázquez, M I Martínez-Moreno
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To estimate the risk of iron overload in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants who receive more than two red blood cell (RBC) transfusions, in comparison with those who receive two or less during their hospital stay. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective open cohort study in VLBW infants with >2 (exposed) and ≤2 (non-exposed) RBC transfusions. Ferritin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were measured at birth and after each RBC transfusion...
May 18, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472859/lifestyle-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#4
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Nisreen A Alwan, Jane West, Stephen Brown, Christopher Jd McKinlay, Diane Farrar, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes (GDM) is glucose intolerance, first recognised in pregnancy and usually resolving after birth. GDM is associated with both short- and long-term adverse effects for the mother and her infant. Lifestyle interventions are the primary therapeutic strategy for many women with GDM. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of combined lifestyle interventions with or without pharmacotherapy in treating women with gestational diabetes. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (14 May 2016), ClinicalTrials...
May 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455086/adverse-pregnancy-birth-and-infant-outcomes-in-twins-effects-of%C3%A2-maternal-fertility-status-and-infant-gender-combinations-the-massachusetts-outcomes-study-of-assisted-reproductive-technology
#5
Barbara Luke, Daksha Gopal, Howard Cabral, Judy E Stern, Hafsatou Diop
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether the risk of adverse outcomes in twin pregnancies among subfertile women, conceived with and without in vitro fertilization, differs from those conceived spontaneously. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the effects of fertility status on adverse perinatal outcomes in twin pregnancies on a population basis. STUDY DESIGN: All twin live births of ≥22 weeks' gestation and ≥350 g birthweight to Massachusetts resident women in 2004 through 2010 were linked to hospital discharge records, vital records, and in vitro fertilization cycles...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407219/multiple-micronutrient-supplementation-for-women-during-pregnancy
#6
REVIEW
Batool A Haider, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Multiple-micronutrient (MMN) deficiencies often coexist among women of reproductive age in low- to middle-income countries. They are exacerbated in pregnancy due to the increased demands, leading to potentially adverse effects on the mother and developing fetus. Though supplementation with MMNs has been recommended earlier because of the evidence of impact on pregnancy outcomes, a consensus is yet to be reached regarding the replacement of iron and folic acid supplementation with MMNs...
April 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400311/pregnancy-birth-and-infant-outcomes-by-maternal-fertility-status-the-massachusetts-outcomes-study-of-assisted-reproductive-technology
#7
Barbara Luke, Daksha Gopal, Howard Cabral, Judy E Stern, Hafsatou Diop
BACKGROUND: Births to subfertile women, with and without infertility treatment, have been reported to have lower birthweights and shorter gestations, even when limited to singletons. It is unknown whether these decrements are due to parental characteristics or aspects of infertility treatment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of maternal fertility status on the risk of pregnancy, birth, and infant complications. STUDY DESIGN: All singleton live births of ≥22 weeks' gestation and ≥350 g birthweight to Massachusetts resident women in 2004-2010 were linked to hospital discharge and vital records...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381523/human-milk-oligosaccharide-composition-predicts-risk-of-necrotising-enterocolitis-in-preterm-infants
#8
Chloe A Autran, Benjamin P Kellman, Jae H Kim, Elizabeth Asztalos, Arlin B Blood, Erin C Hamilton Spence, Aloka L Patel, Jiayi Hou, Nathan E Lewis, Lars Bode
OBJECTIVE: Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most common and often fatal intestinal disorders in preterm infants. Markers to identify at-risk infants as well as therapies to prevent and treat NEC are limited and urgently needed. NEC incidence is significantly lower in breast-fed compared with formula-fed infants. Infant formula lacks human milk oligosaccharides (HMO), such as disialyllacto-N-tetraose (DSLNT), which prevents NEC in neonatal rats. However, it is unknown if DSLNT also protects human preterm infants...
April 5, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351384/maternal-characteristics-and-obstetrical-complications-impact-neonatal-outcomes-in-indonesia-a-prospective-study
#9
Trisari Anggondowati, Ayman A E El-Mohandes, S Nurul Qomariyah, Michele Kiely, Judith J Ryon, Reginald F Gipson, Benjamin Zinner, Anhari Achadi, Linda L Wright
BACKGROUND: We investigated associations between maternal characteristics, access to care, and obstetrical complications including near miss status on admission or during hospitalization on perinatal outcomes among Indonesian singletons. METHODS: We prospectively collected data on inborn singletons at two hospitals in East Java. Data included socio-demographics, reproductive, obstetric and neonatal variables. Reduced multivariable models were constructed. Outcomes of interest included low and very low birthweight (LBW/VLBW), asphyxia and death...
March 28, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323086/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-receiving-epinephrine-during-delivery-room-resuscitation
#10
Malvi Savani, Kirtikumar Upadhyay, Ajay J Talati
BACKGROUND: Delivery room resuscitation of very low birth weight infants can involve use of endotracheal or intravenous epinephrine. Data of the past 19 years were reviewed to identify the usage of epinephrine in delivery room and identify characteristics of these babies. METHODS: Neonates with ≤1500g birthweight from January 1996 to August 2014 were reviewed. Infants born alive and admitted to NICU were eligible. Characteristics such as demographics, survival and outcomes were recorded...
March 18, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273588/associations-between-stress-biology-indicators-and-overweight-across-toddlerhood
#11
Alison L Miller, Niko Kaciroti, Julie Sturza, Lauren Retzloff, Katherine Rosenblum, Delia M Vazquez, Julie C Lumeng
Biological stress responses are proposed as a pathway through which stress exposure can "get under the skin" and lead to health problems, specifically obesity. Yet, it is not clear when such associations may emerge or whether they are bidirectional. Cortisol and salivary alpha amylase (sAA) were considered indicators of the biological stress response. We tested the longitudinal association between cortisol and sAA and weight in 215 low-income children at ages 21, 27, and 33 months (52% male; 46% non-Hispanic white)...
May 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262917/bed-rest-with-and-without-hospitalisation-in-multiple-pregnancy-for-improving-perinatal-outcomes
#12
REVIEW
Katharina da Silva Lopes, Yo Takemoto, Erika Ota, Shinji Tanigaki, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: Strict or partial bed rest in hospital or at home is commonly recommended for women with multiple pregnancy to improve pregnancy outcomes. In order to advise women to rest in bed for any length of time, a policy for clinical practice needs to be supported by reliable evidence and weighed against possible adverse effects resulting from prolonged activity restriction. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review is to assess the effectiveness of bed rest in hospital or at home to improve perinatal outcomes in women with a multiple pregnancy...
March 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260263/iodine-supplementation-for-women-during-the-preconception-pregnancy-and-postpartum-period
#13
REVIEW
Kimberly B Harding, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas, Angela C Webster, Constance My Yap, Brian A Payne, Erika Ota, Luz Maria De-Regil
BACKGROUND: Iodine is an essential nutrient required for the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones, which are responsible for regulating growth, development and metabolism. Iodine requirements increase substantially during pregnancy and breastfeeding. If requirements are not met during these periods, the production of thyroid hormones may decrease and be inadequate for maternal, fetal and infant needs. The provision of iodine supplements may help meet the increased iodine needs during pregnancy and the postpartum period and prevent or correct iodine deficiency and its consequences...
March 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188770/fetal-and-neonatal-outcomes-of-preterm-infants-born-before-32-weeks-of%C3%A2-gestation-according-to-antenatal-vs-postnatal-assessments-of-restricted%C3%A2-growth
#14
Isabelle Monier, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Anne Ego, Pierre-Henri Jarreau, Cécile Lebeaux, Monique Kaminski, François Goffinet, Jennifer Zeitlin
BACKGROUND: Fetal growth restriction is defined using ultrasound parameters during pregnancy or as a low birthweight for gestational age after birth, but these definitions are not always concordant. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate fetal and neonatal outcomes based on antenatal vs postnatal assessments of growth restriction. STUDY DESIGN: From the EPIPAGE 2 population-based prospective study of very preterm births in France in 2011, we included 2919 singleton nonanomalous infants 24-31 weeks gestational age...
May 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176485/preterm-birth-prevention-in-twin-pregnancies-with-progesterone-pessary-or-cerclage-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
A Jarde, O Lutsiv, C K Park, J Barrett, J Beyene, S Saito, J M Dodd, P S Shah, J L Cook, A B Biringer, L Giglia, Z Han, K Staub, W Mundle, C Vera, L Sabatino, S K Liyanage, S D McDonald
BACKGROUND: About half of twin pregnancies deliver preterm, and it is unclear whether any intervention reduces this risk. OBJECTIVES: To assess the evidence for the effectiveness of progesterone, cerclage, and pessary in twin pregnancies. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ISI Web of Science, without language restrictions, up to 25 January 2016. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials of progesterone, cerclage, or pessary for preventing preterm birth in women with twin pregnancies, without symptoms of threatened preterm labour...
February 8, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159311/intestinal-barrier-maturation-in-very-low-birthweight-infants-relationship-to-feeding-and-antibiotic-exposure
#16
Bushra Saleem, Adora C Okogbule-Wonodi, Alessio Fasano, Laurence S Magder, Jacques Ravel, Shiv Kapoor, Rose M Viscardi
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that feeding and antibiotic exposures affect intestinal barrier maturation in preterm infants, we serially measured intestinal permeability (IP) biomarkers in infants <33 weeks gestation (gestational age [GA]) during the first 2 weeks of life. STUDY DESIGN: Eligible infants <33 weeks GA were enrolled within 4 days of birth in a prospective study of IP biomarkers (NCT01756040). Study participants received the nonmetabolized sugars lactulose/rhamnose enterally on study days 1, 8, and 15 and lactulose/rhamnose were measured in urine by high-performance liquid chromatography...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143492/a-longitudinal-study-of-associations-between-psychiatric-symptoms-and-disorders-and-cerebral-gray-matter-volumes-in-adolescents-born-very-preterm
#17
Violeta L Botellero, Jon Skranes, Knut Jørgen Bjuland, Asta Kristine Håberg, Stian Lydersen, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Marit S Indredavik, Marit Martinussen
BACKGROUND: Being born preterm with very low birthweight (VLBW ≤ 1500 g) poses a risk for cortical and subcortical gray matter (GM) abnormalities, as well as for having more psychiatric problems during childhood and adolescence than term-born individuals. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between cortical and subcortical GM volumes and the course of psychiatric disorders during adolescence in VLBW individuals. METHODS: We followed VLBW individuals and term-born controls (birth weight ≥10th percentile) from 15 (VLBW;controls n = 40;56) to 19 (n = 44;60) years of age...
February 1, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138914/obstetric-and-perinatal-outcome-in-anti-ro-ssa-positive-pregnant-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Nuria Martínez-Sánchez, Sergio Pérez-Pinto, Ángel Robles-Marhuenda, Francisco Arnalich-Fernández, María Martín Cameán, Edurne Hueso Zalvide, Jose Luis Bartha
Anti-Ro/SS-A is one specific type of antinuclear antibodies. They are in the majority of cases associated with primary Sjögren syndrome (SS) but also in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and in healthy people. During pregnancy, they are mainly associated to congenital heart block (CHB) and neonatal lupus (NL). The aim of this study was to compare the rate of maternal and fetal complications between a series of anti-Ro/SS-A positive pregnant women prospectively followed. Forty-two anti-Ro/SSA antibodies positive pregnant women that were referred to our hospital between 2011 and 2015...
January 30, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111747/neonatal-predictors-of-cognitive-ability-in-adults-born-very-preterm-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Linda D Breeman, Julia Jaekel, Nicole Baumann, Peter Bartmann, Dieter Wolke
AIM: To identify neonatal predictors to allow a developmental prognosis of the cognitive abilities of survivors born very preterm/very low birthweight (VLBW) into adult life. METHOD: The Bavarian Longitudinal Study is a prospective whole-population study that followed 260 infants born very preterm/VLBW from birth to adulthood. Regression analyses examined which neonatal factors predicted adult IQ. RESULTS: Neonatal morbidity, neonatal treatment, and early social environment of infants born very preterm/VLBW explained 37...
May 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105101/urinary-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-is-an-early-predictor-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-premature-infants
#20
Ryota Kuribayashi, Hiroshi Suzumura, Toshimi Sairenchi, Yoshiyuki Watabe, Yayoi Tsuboi, George Imataka, Hidemitsu Kurosawa, Osamu Arisaka
Urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) is produced in response to tubular epithelial injury and is a biomarker of tubulointerstitial injury. The aim of the present study was to examine whether acute kidney injury (AKI) could be predicted by measuring uNGAL in very low-birth weight (VLBW) infants. Forty VLBW infants with birthweight below 1,500 g were enrolled in the present study. uNGAL and serum creatinine (sCre) were measured daily from postnatal days 0 to 8. Infants with sCre ≥1.2 mg/dl were diagnosed with AKI...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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