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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323086/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-receiving-epinephrine-during-delivery-room-resuscitation
#1
Malvi Savani, Kirtikumar Upadhyay, Ajay J Talati
Background Delivery room resuscitation of very low birth weight infants can involve use of endotracheal or intravenous epinephrine. Data of the past 19 years were reviewed to identify the usage of epinephrine in delivery room and identify characteristics of these babies. METHODS: Neonates with ≤1500gm birthweight from January 1996 to August 2014 were reviewed. Infants born alive and admitted to NICU were eligible. Characteristics such as demographics, survival and outcomes were recorded...
March 17, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273588/associations-between-stress-biology-indicators-and-overweight-across-toddlerhood
#2
Alison L Miller, Niko Kaciroti, Julie Sturza, Lauren Retzloff, Katherine Rosenblum, Delia M Vazquez, Julie C Lumeng
Biological stress responses are proposed as a pathway through which stress exposure can "get under the skin" and lead to health problems, specifically obesity. Yet, it is not clear when such associations may emerge or whether they are bidirectional. Cortisol and salivary alpha amylase (sAA) were considered indicators of the biological stress response. We tested the longitudinal association between cortisol and sAA and weight in 215 low-income children at ages 21, 27, and 33 months (52% male; 46% non-Hispanic white)...
February 20, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262917/bed-rest-with-and-without-hospitalisation-in-multiple-pregnancy-for-improving-perinatal-outcomes
#3
REVIEW
Katharina da Silva Lopes, Yo Takemoto, Erika Ota, Shinji Tanigaki, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: Strict or partial bed rest in hospital or at home is commonly recommended for women with multiple pregnancy to improve pregnancy outcomes. In order to advise women to rest in bed for any length of time, a policy for clinical practice needs to be supported by reliable evidence and weighed against possible adverse effects resulting from prolonged activity restriction. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review is to assess the effectiveness of bed rest in hospital or at home to improve perinatal outcomes in women with a multiple pregnancy...
March 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260263/iodine-supplementation-for-women-during-the-preconception-pregnancy-and-postpartum-period
#4
REVIEW
Kimberly B Harding, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas, Angela C Webster, Constance My Yap, Brian A Payne, Erika Ota, Luz Maria De-Regil
BACKGROUND: Iodine is an essential nutrient required for the biosynthesis of thyroid hormones, which are responsible for regulating growth, development and metabolism. Iodine requirements increase substantially during pregnancy and breastfeeding. If requirements are not met during these periods, the production of thyroid hormones may decrease and be inadequate for maternal, fetal and infant needs. The provision of iodine supplements may help meet the increased iodine needs during pregnancy and the postpartum period and prevent or correct iodine deficiency and its consequences...
March 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188770/fetal-and-neonatal-outcomes-of-preterm-infants-born-before-32-weeks-of%C3%A2-gestation-according-to-antenatal-vs-postnatal-assessments-of-restricted%C3%A2-growth
#5
Isabelle Monier, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Anne Ego, Pierre-Henri Jarreau, Cécile Lebeaux, Monique Kaminski, François Goffinet, Jennifer Zeitlin
BACKGROUND: Fetal growth restriction is defined using ultrasound parameters during pregnancy or as a low birthweight for gestational age after birth, but these definitions are not always concordant. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate fetal and neonatal outcomes based on antenatal vs postnatal assessments of growth restriction. STUDY DESIGN: From the EPIPAGE 2 population-based prospective study of very preterm births in France in 2011, we included 2919 singleton nonanomalous infants 24-31 weeks gestational age...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176485/preterm-birth-prevention-in-twin-pregnancies-with-progesterone-pessary-or-cerclage-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
A Jarde, O Lutsiv, C K Park, J Barrett, J Beyene, S Saito, J M Dodd, P S Shah, J L Cook, A B Biringer, L Giglia, Z Han, K Staub, W Mundle, C Vera, L Sabatino, S K Liyanage, S D McDonald
BACKGROUND: About half of twin pregnancies deliver preterm, and it is unclear whether any intervention reduces this risk. OBJECTIVES: To assess the evidence for the effectiveness of progesterone, cerclage, and pessary in twin pregnancies. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ISI Web of Science, without language restrictions, up to 25 January 2016. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials of progesterone, cerclage, or pessary for preventing preterm birth in women with twin pregnancies, without symptoms of threatened preterm labour...
February 8, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159311/intestinal-barrier-maturation-in-very-low-birthweight-infants-relationship-to-feeding-and-antibiotic-exposure
#7
Bushra Saleem, Adora C Okogbule-Wonodi, Alessio Fasano, Laurence S Magder, Jacques Ravel, Shiv Kapoor, Rose M Viscardi
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that feeding and antibiotic exposures affect intestinal barrier maturation in preterm infants, we serially measured intestinal permeability (IP) biomarkers in infants <33 weeks gestation (gestational age [GA]) during the first 2 weeks of life. STUDY DESIGN: Eligible infants <33 weeks GA were enrolled within 4 days of birth in a prospective study of IP biomarkers (NCT01756040). Study participants received the nonmetabolized sugars lactulose/rhamnose enterally on study days 1, 8, and 15 and lactulose/rhamnose were measured in urine by high-performance liquid chromatography...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143492/a-longitudinal-study-of-associations-between-psychiatric-symptoms-and-disorders-and-cerebral-gray-matter-volumes-in-adolescents-born-very-preterm
#8
Violeta L Botellero, Jon Skranes, Knut Jørgen Bjuland, Asta Kristine Håberg, Stian Lydersen, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Marit S Indredavik, Marit Martinussen
BACKGROUND: Being born preterm with very low birthweight (VLBW ≤ 1500 g) poses a risk for cortical and subcortical gray matter (GM) abnormalities, as well as for having more psychiatric problems during childhood and adolescence than term-born individuals. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between cortical and subcortical GM volumes and the course of psychiatric disorders during adolescence in VLBW individuals. METHODS: We followed VLBW individuals and term-born controls (birth weight ≥10th percentile) from 15 (VLBW;controls n = 40;56) to 19 (n = 44;60) years of age...
February 1, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138914/obstetric-and-perinatal-outcome-in-anti-ro-ssa-positive-pregnant-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#9
Nuria Martínez-Sánchez, Sergio Pérez-Pinto, Ángel Robles-Marhuenda, Francisco Arnalich-Fernández, María Martín Cameán, Edurne Hueso Zalvide, Jose Luis Bartha
Anti-Ro/SS-A is one specific type of antinuclear antibodies. They are in the majority of cases associated with primary Sjögren syndrome (SS) but also in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and in healthy people. During pregnancy, they are mainly associated to congenital heart block (CHB) and neonatal lupus (NL). The aim of this study was to compare the rate of maternal and fetal complications between a series of anti-Ro/SS-A positive pregnant women prospectively followed. Forty-two anti-Ro/SSA antibodies positive pregnant women that were referred to our hospital between 2011 and 2015...
January 30, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111747/neonatal-predictors-of-cognitive-ability-in-adults-born-very-preterm-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Linda D Breeman, Julia Jaekel, Nicole Baumann, Peter Bartmann, Dieter Wolke
AIM: To identify neonatal predictors to allow a developmental prognosis of the cognitive abilities of survivors born very preterm/very low birthweight (VLBW) into adult life. METHOD: The Bavarian Longitudinal Study is a prospective whole-population study that followed 260 infants born very preterm/VLBW from birth to adulthood. Regression analyses examined which neonatal factors predicted adult IQ. RESULTS: Neonatal morbidity, neonatal treatment, and early social environment of infants born very preterm/VLBW explained 37...
January 23, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105101/urinary-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-is-an-early-predictor-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-premature-infants
#11
Ryota Kuribayashi, Hiroshi Suzumura, Toshimi Sairenchi, Yoshiyuki Watabe, Yayoi Tsuboi, George Imataka, Hidemitsu Kurosawa, Osamu Arisaka
Urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) is produced in response to tubular epithelial injury and is a biomarker of tubulointerstitial injury. The aim of the present study was to examine whether acute kidney injury (AKI) could be predicted by measuring uNGAL in very low-birth weight (VLBW) infants. Forty VLBW infants with birthweight below 1,500 g were enrolled in the present study. uNGAL and serum creatinine (sCre) were measured daily from postnatal days 0 to 8. Infants with sCre ≥1.2 mg/dl were diagnosed with AKI...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077516/early-onset-invasive-candidiasis-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants-perinatal-acquisition-predicts-poor-outcome
#12
Michelle Barton, Alex Shen, Karel O'Brien, Joan L Robinson, H Dele Davies, Kim Simpson, Elizabeth Asztalos, Joanne Langley, Nicole Le Saux, Reginald Sauve, Anne Synnes, Ben Tan, Louis de Repentigny, Earl Rubin, Chuck Hui, Lajos Kovacs, Yvonne Cw Yau, Susan E Richardson
BACKGROUND: Neonatal invasive candidiasis (IC)presenting in the first week of life is less common and less well described than later onset IC. Risk factors, clinical features and disease outcomeshave not been studied in early onset disease (EOD, ≤7d) or compared to late onset disease (LOD, >7d). METHODS: All extremely low birth weight (ELBW, <1000g) cases with IC and controls froma multicentre study of neonatal candidiasisenrolledfrom 2001 to 2003were included in this study...
January 11, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068533/the-weight-of-inequalities-duration-of-residence-and-offspring-s-birthweight-among-migrant-mothers-in-sweden
#13
Sol P Juárez, Anders Hjern
In this study we assessed the effect duration of residence on the association between maternal origin and birthweight in Sweden. Considering sibling information, we also investigated how far the presence or lack of such an effect could be biased by the use of cross-sectional data, since there may be a selection among those mothers who decide to have a child soon after moving to the country (e.g. those with a more stable family situation). Using the Swedish Medical Birth Register for the period 1992-2012, we performed linear and multinomial regressions, multilevel linear regressions, and random effect meta-analysis...
December 30, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050900/planned-early-birth-versus-expectant-management-waiting-for-prelabour-rupture-of-membranes-at-term-37-weeks-or-more
#14
REVIEW
Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd, Vicki Flenady, Rosemary D McBain, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Prelabour rupture of membranes (PROM) at term is managed expectantly or by planned early birth. It is not clear if waiting for birth to occur spontaneously is better than intervening, e.g. by inducing labour. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review is to assess the effects of planned early birth (immediate intervention or intervention within 24 hours) when compared with expectant management (no planned intervention within 24 hours) for women with term PROM on maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes...
January 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046205/dietary-advice-interventions-in-pregnancy-for-preventing-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#15
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Emily Shepherd, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes occurring during pregnancy which can result in short- and long-term adverse outcomes for women and babies. With an increasing prevalence worldwide, there is a need to assess strategies, including dietary advice interventions, that might prevent GDM. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of dietary advice interventions for preventing GDM and associated adverse health outcomes for women and their babies...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043190/echocardiographic-assessment-of-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-very-low-birthweight-infants-over-time-prospective-observational-study
#16
Sook Kyung Yum, Cheong-Jun Moon, Young-Ah Youn, Jae Young Lee, In Kyung Sung
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the echocardiographic parameters that can predict the presence of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and haemodynamically significant ductus arteriosus (HSDA) at different time points. METHODS: Echocardiogram was performed on postnatal days 3 and 7(D3-Echo and D7-Echo, respectively) in 71 very low birthweight infants with a median gestational age of 28.0 weeks. We first assessed the correlation between D3-Echo findings among infants with ductal patency and persistent ductal patency on D7-Echo...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011792/high-flow-nasal-cannula-versus-ncpap-duration-to-full-oral-feeds-in-preterm-infants-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Sinead J Glackin, Anne O'Sullivan, Sherly George, Jana Semberova, Jan Miletin
OBJECTIVE: To compare the time taken by preterm infants with evolving chronic lung disease to achieve full oral feeding when supported with humidified high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) or nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP). DESIGN: Single centre randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Level III neonatal intensive care unit at the Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. PATIENTS: Very low birthweight (birth weight <1500 g) infants born before 30 weeks' gestation who were NCPAP-dependent at 32 weeks corrected gestational age were eligible to participate...
December 23, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936018/stillbirths-at-term-case-control-study-of-risk-factors-growth-status-and-placental-histology
#18
Federico Mecacci, Caterina Serena, Laura Avagliano, Mauro Cozzolino, Eleonora Baroni, Marianna Pina Rambaldi, Serena Simeone, Francesca Castiglione, Gian Luigi Taddei, Gaetano Bulfamante
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the proportion of stillbirths at term associated with abnormal growth using customized birth weight percentiles and to compare histological placental findings both in underweight stillborn fetuses and in live births. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study of 150 singleton term stillbirths. The livebirth control groups included 586 cases of low-risk pregnancies and 153 late fetal growth restriction fetuses. Stillbirths and livebirths from low-risk pregnancies were classified using customized standards for fetal weight at birth, as adequate for gestational age (AGA; 10-90th percentile), small (SGA; <10th percentile) or large for gestational age (LGA; >90th percentile)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907284/working-memory-in-very-low-birthweight-children-at-the-age-of-11-years
#19
Satu Korpela, Anna Nyman, Petriina Munck, Annarilla Ahtola, Jaakko Matomäki, Tapio Korhonen, Riitta Parkkola, Leena Haataja
The aim of this study is to investigate the working memory (WM) of very-low-birthweight (VLBW, ≤ 1500 g) children at the age of 11 years using Baddeley's WM model. A regional cohort of 95 VLBW children was assessed for the domains of the WM model (central executive [CE], visuospatial sketchpad [VS], and phonological loop [PL]) using subtests from the Working Memory Test Battery for Children (WMTB-C) and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Fourth Edition (WISC-IV). VLBW children were categorized into three groups according to their degree of brain pathology (normal, minor, or major) in neonatal brain magnetic resonance imaging at the term age, and the WM performance was compared between groups to test norms...
December 1, 2016: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882544/prospective-evaluation-of-the-ages-and-stages-questionnaire-3rd-edition-in-very-low-birthweight-infants
#20
Pratibha K Agarwal, Luming Shi, Lourdes M Daniel, Phey Hong Yang, Poh Choo Khoo, Bin Huey Quek, Qishi Zheng, Victor S Rajadurai
AIM: To evaluate the predictive and concurrent diagnostic agreement of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire 3rd Edition (ASQ-3) with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development 3rd Edition (Bayley-III) in infants born preterm and very-low-birthweight (PT/VLBW; ≤1250g). METHOD: We evaluated 141 PT/VLBW infants (68 males, 73 females) born at the KK Women's and Children's Hospital between January 2010 and December 2011, to determine predictive and concurrent diagnostic agreement between the ASQ-3 at 9, 12, 18, and 24 months corrected age and Bayley-III at 24 months...
November 24, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
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