keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

adhd treatment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164079/cognitive-and-behavioral-disorders-in-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#1
REVIEW
Martha Milade Torres Nupan, Alberto Velez Van Meerbeke, Claudia Alejandra López Cabra, Paula Marcela Herrera Gomez
Aim: The last systematic review of research on the behavior of children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) was in 2012. Since then, several important findings have been published. Therefore, the study aim was to synthesize recent relevant work related to this issue. Method: We conducted a systematic review of the literature. Relevant articles were identified using the electronic databases PubMed, PsycINFO, and Scopus and a manual search of references lists. Thirty of 156 articles identified met the inclusion criteria...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163233/symptom-overlap-and-screening-for-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-psychosis-risk-in-help-seeking-psychiatric-patients
#2
Salvatore Corbisiero, Anita Riecher-Rössler, Jacqueline Buchli-Kammermann, Rolf-Dieter Stieglitz
Symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and psychosis risk share features which might represent an early vulnerability marker for schizophrenia. Early detection of individuals with this symptomatic overlap is relevant and may assist clinicians in their decision making for diagnosis and treatment. This study sought to analyze the capability of different instruments in the screening of patients for ADHD symptoms or at psychosis risk, assess their classification accuracy, and describe the extent of symptoms overlap between them...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161891/the-significance-of-impulsive-error-in-children-with-adhd
#3
Yu-Chi Liao, Nai-Wen Guo, Shin-Jaw Chen, Hsing-Fang Tsai, Jhih-Hong Fang, Jia-Jin Chen, Bei-Yi Su
A deficit of inhibition ability is a neuropsychological problem in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We investigated whether in children who made impulsive error (IE), less error-related negativity (ERN) would correlate with poorer executive attention functions (EAFs). Ninety children (49 with ADHD and 41 without ADHD) were investigated by a 4-minute simple reaction time task and simultaneous electroencephalogram. When they made IE, the ERN in response-locked event-related potential (ERP) was defined as error awareness...
November 1, 2017: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160614/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-clinical-considerations-for-women
#4
REVIEW
Marisa E Marraccini, Lisa L Weyandt, Bergljot Gyda Gudmundsdottir, Danielle R Oster, Alison McCallum
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by hyperactivity, impulsivity, and/or inattention. Women with ADHD represent a particularly vulnerable group, given their increased risk for psychosocial and parenting difficulties. Women's health care clinicians should expect to encounter women with diagnosed and undiagnosed ADHD that may or may not be treated. Pharmacologic intervention, namely, prescription stimulants, is an important consideration for pregnant and breastfeeding women with ADHD, especially because the US Food and Drug Administration has determined that there is not enough information to confirm either harm or lack of harm to the developing fetus following exposure to these drugs...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159857/methylphenidate-for-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
REVIEW
Nancy Sturman, Laura Deckx, Mieke L van Driel
BACKGROUND: Children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently present with inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity, which are the cardinal symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The effectiveness of methylphenidate, a commonly used ADHD treatment, is therefore of interest in these children. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of methylphenidate for symptoms of ADHD (inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity) and ASD (impairments in social interaction and communication, and repetitive, restricted or stereotypical behaviours) in children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years with ASD...
November 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159404/variation-in-the-12-month-treatment-trajectories-of-children-and-adolescents-after-a-diagnosis-of-depression
#6
Nina R Joyce, Megan S Schuler, Scott E Hadland, Laura A Hatfield
Importance: Depression during childhood and adolescence is heterogeneous. Treatment patterns are often examined in aggregate, yet there is substantial variability across individual treatment trajectories. Understanding this variability can help identify treatment gaps among youths with depression. Objective: To characterize heterogeneity in 12-month trajectories of psychotherapy and antidepressant treatment in youths with depression. Design, Setting, and Participants: This is a longitudinal-cohort study of youths 18 years or younger with a new diagnosis of depression and at least 12 months of follow-up following diagnosis, as determined from commercial insurance claims filed from 2007 to 2014...
November 20, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153459/-intrafamilial-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-present-data-and-treatment-prospects
#7
E Bousquet, N Franc, C Ha, D Purper-Ouakil
Child-to-parent violence is a form of family violence that is still a well-kept secret. Abused parents can be victims of different types of abuse. Children can use both physical and psychological violence such as financial threats to take control of the home. In this situation, parents often no longer dare to contradict their children by fear of triggering uncontrollable violence. Although the phenomenon recently drew the attention of the media, there is still little knowledge about its prevalence and clinical characteristics...
November 16, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152677/adhd-and-anxiety-clinical-significance-and-treatment-implications
#8
REVIEW
Frederick W Reimherr, Barrie K Marchant, Thomas E Gift, Tammy A Steans
In comparison to the DSM formulation of ADHD, we have proposed that ADHD in adults should be divided into Inattentive and Emotional Dysregulation Presentations. Under both systems, there is potential overlap with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). We compared data from four distinct populations: ADHD clinical trials, GAD clinical trials, an ADHD clinic, and a forensic clinic. Approximately 25% of patients in each population had comorbid ADHD and anxiety. Comorbid subjects reported more childhood ADHD symptoms and higher scores on ADHD scales and were more likely to fit criteria for ADHD Emotional Dysregulation Presentation or DSM-IV combined type...
November 20, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144831/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-unique-considerations-in-athletes
#9
Chaney G Stewman, Catherine Liebman, Laura Fink, Brad Sandella
CONTEXT: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric condition in the general population, with evidence suggesting that it may be more common among athletes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Literature searches were performed on PubMed, MEDLINE, and Cochrane databases for the years 2000 to 2016 utilizing the following key search terms: ADHD, ADD, guidelines, diagnosis, athlete, sports, treatment, pharmacotherapy, stimulants, risk, cardiovascular effects, concussion, and traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143159/six-year-outcome-in-subjects-diagnosed-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-as-adults
#10
Dan Edvinsson, Lisa Ekselius
There are very few studies on the long-term outcome in subjects diagnosed with ADHD as adults. The objective of the present study was to assess this and relate the outcome to whether there was current medication or not and to other potential predictors of favourable outcome. A prospective clinical cohort of adults diagnosed with ADHD according to DSM-IV criteria was followed-up on an average of 6 years after first evaluation (n = 124; mean age 42 years, 51% males). ADHD symptom trajectories were assessed as well as medication, global functioning, disability, health-related quality of life, and alcohol and drug consumption at follow-up...
November 15, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137554/the-alternative-quality-contract-impact-on-service-use-and-spending-for-children-with-adhd
#11
Nina R Joyce, Haiden A Huskamp, Scott E Hadland, Julie M Donohue, Shelly F Greenfield, Elizabeth A Stuart, Colleen L Barry
In 2009, Blue Cross-Blue Shield of Massachusetts (BCBSMA) implemented the alternative quality contract (AQC), which pays provider organizations a global payment for all services used by enrollees. BCBSMA claims for 2006-2011 were used to compare youths enrolled in provider organizations participating in the AQC (7,407 person-years [PYs]) with those not participating (45,398 PYs). Difference-in-differences models estimated changes in mental health and substance abuse treatment service utilization and spending attributable to the AQC...
November 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135352/the-effectiveness-of-daily-behavior-report-cards-for-children-with-adhd-a-meta-analysis
#12
Michelle Iznardo, Maria A Rogers, Robert J Volpe, Patrick R Labelle, Philippe Robaey
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis examined group-design studies investigating the effectiveness of Daily Behavior Report Cards (DBRC) as a school-based intervention to manage the classroom behavior of students with ADHD. METHODS: A search of three article databases (PsycINFO, ERIC and Medline) identified seven group design evaluations of DBRC interventions. This meta-analysis included a total of 272 participants, with an average age of 7.9 years old. Three of the studies compared a control group to a treatment group with randomized group assignment, one study compared a control group to three treatment groups, two studies compared pre-and post-treatment scores in the same group, and one study compared pre-and post-treatment results of two intervention groups without random assignment...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134566/lisdexamfetamine-a-review-in-binge-eating-disorder
#13
Young-A Heo, Sean T Duggan
Oral lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (Vyvanse(®); lisdexamfetamine), a prodrug of dextroamfetamine, is currently the only drug to be approved in the USA for the treatment of moderate to severe binge eating disorder (BED) in adult patients. Its approval was based on the results of two pivotal short-term (12 weeks) phase III studies, which showed a significantly greater reduction in binge eating days/week at the end of the study with lisdexamfetamine 50-70 mg/day than with placebo. The findings of these studies have been supported and extended by the results of longer-term (≤ 52 weeks) phase III studies, including one with a randomized 26-week withdrawal phase, which showed that lisdexamfetamine markedly reduced the risk of BED relapse relative to placebo...
November 13, 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133662/a-tiny-tick-can-cause-a-big-health-problem
#14
Manuel John, M Raman, Keith Ryan
Ticks are tiny crawling bugs in the spider family that feed by sucking blood from animals. They are second only to mosquitoes as vectors of human disease, both infectious and toxic. Infected ticks spread over a hundred diseases, some of which are fatal if undetected. They spread the spirochete (which multiplies in the insect's gut) with a subsequent bite to the next host. We describe the only reported cases of peri ocular tick bite from India that presented to us within a span of 3 days and its management. Due suspicion and magnification of the lesions revealed the ticks which otherwise masqueraded as small skin tags/moles on gross examination...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132817/a-national-description-of-treatment-among-united-states-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
Melissa L Danielson, Susanna N Visser, Andrea Chronis-Tuscano, George J DuPaul
OBJECTIVE: To characterize lifetime and current rates of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatments among US children and adolescents with current ADHD and describe the association of these treatments with demographic and clinical factors. STUDY DESIGN: Data are from the 2014 National Survey of the Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD and Tourette Syndrome, a follow-back survey of parents from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health. Weighted analyses focused on receipt of ADHD treatment among children aged 4-17 years with current ADHD (n = 2495) by 4 treatment types: medication, school supports, psychosocial interventions, and alternative treatments...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131677/methylphenidate-has-superior-efficacy-over-parent-child-interaction-therapy-for-preschool-children-with-disruptive-behaviors
#16
Lianne van der Veen-Mulders, Barbara J van den Hoofdakker, Maaike H Nauta, Paul Emmelkamp, Pieter J Hoekstra
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness between parent-child interaction therapy (PCIT) and methylphenidate in preschool children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and disruptive behaviors who had remaining significant behavior problems after previous behavioral parent training. METHODS: We included 35 preschool children, ranging in age between 3.4 and 6.0 years. Participants were randomized to PCIT (n = 18) or methylphenidate (n = 17)...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130145/late-onset-adhd-understanding-the-evidence-and-building-theoretical-frameworks
#17
REVIEW
Arthur Caye, Margaret H Sibley, James M Swanson, Luis Augusto Rohde
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The traditional definition of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), assuming onset in childhood, has been challenged by evidence from four recent birth-cohort studies that reported most adults with ADHD lacked a childhood categorical ADHD diagnosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Late onset of symptoms was evaluated in the long-term follow-up of the Multimodal Treatment study of ADHD (MTA). In most cases, other factors were present that discounted the late onset of ADHD symptoms and excluded the diagnosis of ADHD...
November 13, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129558/time-and-psychostimulants-opposing-long-term-structural-effects-in-the-adult-adhd-brain-a-longitudinal-mr-study
#18
Clara Pretus, J Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, Vanessa Richarte, Montse Corrales, Marisol Picado, Susanna Carmona, Óscar Vilarroya
Long-term effects of psychostimulants such as methylphenidate on ADHD patients have been proved to be difficult to capture in cross-sectional studies comparing medicated and non-medicated samples and in longitudinal studies with children, with age-related maturational processes possibly confounding independent effects of medication. However, chronic psychostimulant administration at therapeutic doses has been proven to yield profound neuroadaptive changes in rodent models. Here, we present for the first time the effect of psychostimulant treatment on brain volumes in a sample of medication-naïve adult ADHD patients...
November 9, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127207/perinatal-outcomes-after-treatment-with-adhd-medication-during-pregnancy
#19
Ulrika Nörby, Birger Winbladh, Karin Källén
OBJECTIVES: To analyze perinatal outcomes after maternal use of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication during pregnancy. METHODS: The study included singletons born between 2006 and 2014 in Sweden. Data on prescription drug use, pregnancies, deliveries, and the newborn infants' health were obtained from the Swedish Medical Birth Register, the Prescribed Drug Register, and the Swedish Neonatal Quality Register. We compared infants exposed to ADHD medication during pregnancy with infants whose mothers never used these drugs and infants whose mothers used ADHD medication before or after pregnancy...
November 10, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116873/the-effect-of-experimental-supplementation-with-the-klamath-algae-extract-klamin-on-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#20
Maurizio Cremonte, Davide Sisti, Ilaria Maraucci, Simona Giribone, Evelin Colombo, Marco Bruno Luigi Rocchi, Stefano Scoglio
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic neurobiological condition with onset in childhood. The disorder is characterized by inattention, impulsivity, and/or motor hyperactivity, which often affect the development and social integration of affected subjects. Phenylethylamine (PEA), naturally contained in the Klamath Lake microalgae and concentrated in the Klamin(®) extract, is an endogenous molecule with a general neuromodulatory activity. It functions as an activator for the neurotransmission of dopamine and other catecholamines, and very low concentrations of PEA may be associated with specific psychological disorders such as ADHD...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
keyword
keyword
67276
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"