keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

adhd diagnosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243550/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-is-associated-with-reduced-levels-of-serum-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-in-adolescents-data-from-the-population-based-german-kiggs-study
#1
Raquel Pinho, Biyao Wang, Andreas Becker, Aribert Rothenberger, Tiago F Outeiro, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Thomas Meyer
OBJECTIVES: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a multifactorial, complex and the most common neurodevelopmental disorder in childhood. In this analysis, we tested the hypothesis that altered serum lipid patterns are associated with ADHD. METHODS: Using data from the nationwide, population-based German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS), we compared serum levels of total cholesterol, high-density (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and also triglycerides, in participants with physician-diagnosed and/or suspected ADHD, as defined by a value of ≥7 on the hyperactivity-inattention subscale of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), with non-ADHD controls...
December 15, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243299/antidepressant-use-during-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-the-children-a-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#2
Hai-Yin Jiang, Chun-Ting Peng, Xue Zhang, Bing Ruan
BACKGROUND: Evidence for the relationship between antidepressant use during pregnancy and the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the children is conflicting. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between fetal exposure to antidepressant drugs and the subsequent development of ADHD. SEARCH STRATEGY: A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and CINAHL databases to identify relevant cohort studies published from inception until October 2017...
December 15, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240517/sensory-processing-patterns-in-autism-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-typical-development
#3
Lauren M Little, Evan Dean, Scott Tomchek, Winnie Dunn
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to examine sensory processing in children ages 3-14 years with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and typical development (TD) using the Sensory Profile 2nd Edition (Dunn, 2014). METHODS: Participants included 239 children (ASD = 77; ADHD = 78; TD = 84) matched on age and gender. Multivariate analysis of covariance was used to compare the extent to which the three grsoups differed on sensory processing patterns (i...
December 14, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237331/autism-spectrum-disorder-consensus-guidelines-on-assessment-treatment-and-research-from-the-british-association-for-psychopharmacology
#4
Oliver D Howes, Maria Rogdaki, James L Findon, Robert H Wichers, Tony Charman, Bryan H King, Eva Loth, Gráinne M McAlonan, James T McCracken, Jeremy R Parr, Carol Povey, Paramala Santosh, Simon Wallace, Emily Simonoff, Declan G Murphy
An expert review of the aetiology, assessment, and treatment of autism spectrum disorder, and recommendations for diagnosis, management and service provision was coordinated by the British Association for Psychopharmacology, and evidence graded. The aetiology of autism spectrum disorder involves genetic and environmental contributions, and implicates a number of brain systems, in particular the gamma-aminobutyric acid, serotonergic and glutamatergic systems. The presentation of autism spectrum disorder varies widely and co-occurring health problems (in particular epilepsy, sleep disorders, anxiety, depression, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and irritability) are common...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236514/past-methylphenidate-exposure-and-stress-fractures-in-combat-soldiers-a-case-control-study
#5
Haggai Schermann, Ilan Shalom Ben-Ami, Adrian Tudor, Eyal Amar, Ehud Rath, Ran Yanovich
BACKGROUND: Previous research has revealed decreased bone mineral density (BMD) among children and adolescents who receive methylphenidate (MP) treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). These findings have major clinical implications given that the prevalence of medication-treated ADHD is on the rise worldwide. We decided to investigate the clinical effect of MP exposure on the incidence of stress fractures, for which a low BMD is a risk factor. HYPOTHESIS: Exposure to MP is a risk factor for stress fractures...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234356/the-opportunities-of-virtual-reality-in-the-rehabilitation-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Azadeh Bashiri, Marjan Ghazisaeedi, Leila Shahmoradi
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood. This disorder, in addition to its main symptoms, creates significant difficulties in education, social performance, and personal relationships. Given the importance of rehabilitation for these patients to combat the above issues, the use of virtual reality (VR) technology is helpful. The aim of this study was to highlight the opportunities for VR in the rehabilitation of children with ADHD. This narrative review was conducted by searching for articles in scientific databases and e-Journals, using keywords including VR, children, and ADHD...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233062/possible-age-related-progression-of-attentional-impairment-in-adhd-and-its-attenuation-by-past-diagnosis-and-treatment
#7
Joseph Ben-Sheetrit, Hanan Tasker, Lee Avnat, Pavel Golubchik, Abraham Weizman, Iris Manor
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to evaluate attentional impairment in different age groups with ADHD. METHOD: In all, 58 children, 73 adolescents, and 104 adults with ADHD were evaluated using the Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA). Subjects with comorbidities or psychotropic treatment were not included. RESULTS: Considering Response Time Variability (RTV), adults were 10.6 and 4.0 times more likely to be severely impaired (standard score < 40) than children and adolescents, respectively...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227127/symptom-and-performance-validity-with-veterans-assessed-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#8
Robert D Shura, John H Denning, Holly M Miskey, Jared A Rowland
Little is known about attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in veterans. Practice standards recommend the use of both symptom and performance validity measures in any assessment, and there are salient external incentives associated with ADHD evaluation (stimulant medication access and academic accommodations). The purpose of this study was to evaluate symptom and performance validity measures in a clinical sample of veterans presenting for specialty ADHD evaluation. Patients without a history of a neurocognitive disorder and for whom data were available on all measures (n = 114) completed a clinical interview structured on DSM-5 ADHD symptoms, the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF), and the Test of Memory Malingering Trial 1 (TOMM1) as part of a standardized ADHD diagnostic evaluation...
December 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227126/intentional-inattention-detecting-feigned-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-on-the-personality-assessment-inventory
#9
Shannon T Smith, Jennifer Cox, Elyse N Mowle, John F Edens
Given the increasing number of college students seeking Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) diagnoses as well as the potential secondary gains associated with this disorder (e.g., access to stimulant medication, academic accommodations), the detection of malingered symptom presentations in this population is a major concern. The present study examined the ability of validity indicators on the widely used Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991) to distinguish between individuals experiencing genuine ADHD symptoms and individuals instructed to present with ADHD symptomatology for secondary gain...
December 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225671/tourette-syndrome-and-other-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-comprehensive-review
#10
REVIEW
Elena Cravedi, Emmanuelle Deniau, Marianna Giannitelli, Jean Xavier, Andreas Hartmann, David Cohen
Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (TS) is a complex developmental neuropsychiatric condition in which motor manifestations are often accompanied by comorbid conditions that impact the patient's quality of life. In the DSM-5, TS belongs to the "neurodevelopmental disorders" group, together with other neurodevelopmental conditions, frequently co-occurring. In this study, we searched the PubMed database using a combination of keywords associating TS and all neurodevelopmental diagnoses. From 1009 original reports, we identified 36 studies addressing TS and neurodevelopmental comorbidities...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222741/exploratory-study-of-barriers-to-successful-office-contacts-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
Jayde T Hooven, Benjamin N Fogel, James G Waxmonsky, Deepa L Sekhar
The American Academy of Pediatrics published attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) guidelines, but significant variability exists in care. This exploratory study aimed to understand barriers to compliance with primary care office contacts for ADHD medication management. The study was conducted at a single academic medical center via retrospective chart review between 6/1/15 and 5/31/16 in combination with telephone interviews. Participants included 306 children 6-12 years old with an ADHD-related ICD-9/ICD-10 diagnosis...
December 8, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216607/frequency-of-risk-factors-and-coexisting-abnormalities-in-a-population-of-egyptian-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Nagwa Abdel Meguid, Neveen Hassan Nashaat, Heba S Hashem, Mai M Khalil
BACKGROUND: Many risk factors interact together during the critical period of development and govern the future phenotype of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Furthermore, co-occurring abnormalities among individuals with ASD vary a lot so as their abilities. AIM OF WORK: To investigate possible risk factors and to determine the prevalence of coexisting abnormalities in a sample of Egyptian ASD children and their influence on the severity and their communication performance...
December 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215804/cognitive-function-and-neuropsychological-comorbidities-in-children-with-newly-diagnosed-idiopathic-epilepsy
#13
Seung Yun Lee, Jang Ho Park, Sin Jae Park, Yangho Kim, Kyung Yeon Lee
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to identify cognitive function and neuropsychological comorbidities in children with newly diagnosed idiopathic epilepsy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 97 antiepileptic drug-naïve children (9.7 ± 2.9 years; 54 males and 43 females) with newly diagnosed idiopathic epilepsy, all of whom underwent a neuropsychological battery. The battery consisted of the Korean Wechsler Intelligence Scale, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Rating Scale, ADHD Diagnostic System, Children's Depression Inventory, and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209412/minor-physical-anomalies-in-neurodevelopmental-disorders-a-twin-study
#14
Lynnea Myers, Britt-Marie Anderlid, Ann Nordgren, Charlotte Willfors, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Kristiina Tammimies, Sven Bölte
Background: Minor physical anomalies (MPAs) are subtle anatomical deviations in one's appearance and may suggest altered embryogenesis. MPAs have been shown to be more common in neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) compared with typical development. Still, further studies are needed on MPAs in NDDs, especially using twins to adjust for confounding familial factors. Methods: Clinical assessments were conducted on 116 twins (61 NDD, 55 controls) from 51 monozygotic and 7 dizygotic pairs to examine MPAs and their association with DSM-5 defined NDDs...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207797/audit-of-organic-acidurias-from-a-single-centre-clinical-and-metabolic-profile-at-presentation-with-long-term-outcome
#15
Seema Pavaman Sindgikar, Krithika Damodar Shenoy, Nutan Kamath, Rathika Shenoy
Introduction: Organic Acidurias (OA) accounts between 10% and 40% of confirmed Inborn Errors of Metabolism (IEM) in India. With prompt recognition and management, better survival but adverse neurodevelopmental outcome is reported. Aim: To study the clinical and metabolic presentation, management with immediate and long term outcome of symptomatic children with confirmed OA. Materials and Methods: Hospital based study of symptomatic children diagnosed to have OA between 2003 and 2009 and the survivors followed up over next five years...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204607/longitudinal-associations-across-prematurity-attention-and-language-in-school-age-children
#16
Jamie Mahurin-Smith, Laura S DeThorne, Stephen A Petrill
Purpose: This research note explores the potential role of attention in mediating previously reported associations between language outcomes and prematurity. Method: As a follow-up investigation to Mahurin Smith, DeThorne, Logan, Channell, and Petrill (2014), we employed multilevel modeling to analyze longitudinal data on language and attention collected when children were, on average, ages of 7, 8, and 10 years. The sample of 114 children taken from the Western Reserve Reading and Math Project was selected to oversample children with a history of prematurity while also controlling for differences in confounding influences such as age, gender, parental education, and race...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204034/chromosome-15-duplication-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#17
Sundar Gnanavel
Chromosome 15 duplication has been associated with a number of psychiatric illnesses including psychosis and autism. However, literature on association with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is scant. This case report describes a patient with chromosome 15 duplication diagnosed with ADHD in our neurodevelopmental clinic. The possible biological underpinnings are discussed along with possible challenges in diagnosis and management. The need for better understanding ADHD as a behavioral phenotype in such cases along with need for tailored management strategies is emphasized...
October 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198277/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-historical-neuropsychological-perspective
#18
E Mark Mahone, Martha B Denckla
The behavior patterns of hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention that would ultimately become recognized as Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have been described for centuries. Nevertheless, in the past 35 years, advances in diagnostic methods, identification of biomarkers, and treatments have advanced at an exponential rate. ADHD is now recognized as the most common behavioral disorder of childhood, with risks extending well into adulthood for both males and females, leading to its identification as a significant public health issue...
October 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198023/the-use-of-stimulant-medication-to-treat-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-elite-athletes-a-performance-and-health-perspective
#19
Annie A Garner, Ashley A Hansen, Catherine Baxley, Michael J Ross
The use of stimulants as a treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among elite athletes is a controversial area with some arguing that stimulant use should not be permitted because it offers an advantage to athletes (fair play perspective). Guided by an integrated model of athletic performance, we address common concerns raised about stimulant use in sports from our perspective, which we coined the "performance and health perspective," highlighting relevant research and pointing to gaps in empirical research that should be addressed before bans on use of stimulants for athletes with ADHD are considered...
December 2, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186287/utility-of-the-personality-assessment-inventory-in-detecting-feigned-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-the-feigned-adult-adhd-index
#20
Stephen L Aita, Channing A Sofko, Benjamin D Hill, Mandi W Musso, Anneliese C Boettcher
Objective: The high potential for secondary gain among college students presenting for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) evaluations highlights the need for psychometrically sound embedded validity indicators. The purpose of this study was to develop new validity indicators specific to feigned ADHD for the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) and compare them to preexisting imbedded PAI validity measures. Method: PAI scales that were theoretically related to feigned ADHD were evaluated...
November 23, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
keyword
keyword
67275
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"