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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631964/evidence-based-assessment-of-adhd-diagnosis-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
Xuechun Zhou, Cecil R Reynolds, Jianjun Zhu, Randy W Kamphaus, Ou Zhang
This study illustrates the accuracy and efficiency of using an evidence-based assessment (EBA) strategy for diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by integrating the scale scores obtained on BASC-3 teacher and parent rating scales. The examined process used empirical diagnostic likelihood ratios (DLRs) derived from a sample of children with ADHD (N = 339) matched on demographic characteristics from the normative sample. The results show that behavioral scales of executive functioning and functional communication provided incremental utility in ADHD diagnosis...
February 22, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631372/patient-and-provider-characteristics-related-with-prescribing-of-adhd-medication-nationwide-health-insurance-claims-database-study-in-korea
#2
Inmyung Song, Mo Se Lee, Eui-Kyung Lee, Ju-Young Shin
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between prescribing of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication and the patient's age, gender, and type of medical institution in Asia region. INTRODUCTION: This study investigates the prevalence and factors of diagnosis and pharmacological treatment of ADHD in the pediatric population. METHODS: Using the Korea Health Insurance database, study participants were identified as pediatric patients (≤17 years) with at least 1 diagnosis of ADHD (ICD-10, F90) from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2011...
June 20, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624582/further-replication-of-the-synergistic-interaction-between-lphn3-and-the-ntad-gene-cluster-on-adhd-and-its-clinical-course-throughout-adulthood
#3
Djenifer B Kappel, Jaqueline B Schuch, Diego L Rovaris, Bruna S da Silva, Renata B Cupertino, Cristina Winkler, Stefania P Teche, Eduardo S Vitola, Rafael G Karam, Luis A Rohde, Claiton H D Bau, Eugenio H Grevet, Nina R Mota
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common and highly heritable neuropsychiatric disorder. Despite the high heritability, the unraveling of specific genetic factors related to ADHD is hampered by its considerable genetic complexity. Recent evidence suggests that gene-gene interactions can explain part of this complexity. We examined the impact of strongly supported interaction effects between the LPHN3 gene and the NTAD gene cluster (NCAM1-TTC12-ANKK1-DRD2) in a 7-year follow-up of a clinical sample of adults with ADHD, addressing associations with susceptibility, symptomatology and stability of diagnosis...
June 14, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620969/black-and-white-parents-willingness-to-seek-help-for-children-s-internalizing-and-externalizing-symptoms
#4
Idia B Thurston, Robin Hardin, Kristina Decker, Trisha Arnold, Kathryn H Howell, Vicky Phares
OBJECTIVE: Understanding social and environmental factors that contribute to parental help-seeking intentions is an important step in addressing service underutilization for children in need of treatment. This study examined factors that contribute to parents' intentions to seek formal and informal help for child psychopathology (anxiety and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]). METHOD: A total of 251 parents (N = 128 mothers, N = 123 fathers; 49% Black, 51% White) read 3 vignettes describing children with anxiety, ADHD, and no diagnosis...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617767/quickstats-percentage-of-children-and-teens-aged-4-17-years-ever-diagnosed-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-%C3%A2-by-sex-and-urbanization-%C3%A2-of-county-of-residence-national-health-interview-survey-%C3%A2-2013-2015
#5
(no author information available yet)
During 2013-2015, the percentage of children and teens aged 4-17 years who had ever received a diagnosis of ADHD was significantly higher among boys than among girls within all urbanization levels. Among boys, those living in small metro and nonmetro micropolitan areas were more likely to have received a diagnosis of ADHD (17.4% and 16.4%, respectively) than were those living in large central (11.4%) and large fringe (12.7%) metropolitan areas. Among girls, those living in large central areas were less likely to have received a diagnosis of ADHD (4...
June 16, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616934/temporal-trends-in-the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-diagnosed-adhd-in-children-and-young-adults-between-1999-and-2012-in-canada-a-data-linkage-study
#6
Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Fatoumata Binta Diallo, Louis Rochette, Mark Smith, Donald Langille, Elizabeth Lin, Steve Kisely, Eric Fombonne, Angus H Thompson, Johanne Renaud, Alain Lesage
OBJECTIVE: There is a need for the routine monitoring of treated attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) for timely policy making. The objective is to report and assess over a decade the prevalence and incidence of diagnosed ADHD in Canada. METHODS: Administrative linked patient data from the provinces of Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, and Nova Scotia were obtained from the same sources as the Canadian Chronic Diseases Surveillance Systems to assess the prevalence and incidence of a primary physician diagnosis of ADHD ( ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes: 314, F90...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614965/the-co-occurrence-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-children-with-adhd
#7
Benjamin Zablotsky, Matthew D Bramlett, Stephen J Blumberg
OBJECTIVE: Children with ADHD frequently present with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptomatology, yet there is a notable gap in the treatment needs of this subpopulation, including whether the presence of ASD may be associated with more severe ADHD symptoms. METHOD: Data from the 2014 National Survey of the Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD and Tourette Syndrome ( n = 2,464) were used to compare children diagnosed with ADHD and ASD with children with ADHD, but not ASD...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608744/methylphenidate-related-improvements-in-math-performance-cannot-be-explained-by-better-cognitive-functioning-or-higher-academic-motivation-evidence-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Anne Fleur Kortekaas-Rijlaarsdam, Marjolein Luman, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Pierre Bet, Jaap Oosterlaan
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether improvements in working memory, reaction time, lapses of attention, interference control, academic motivation, and perceived competence mediated effects of methylphenidate on math performance. METHOD: Sixty-three children (ADHD diagnosis; methylphenidate treatment; age 8-13; IQ > 70) were randomly allocated to a 7-day methylphenidate or placebo treatment in this double-blind placebo-controlled crossover study and compared with 67 controls...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602133/nutritional-and-environmental-factors-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Ismael San Mauro Martín, Javier Andrés Blumenfeld Olivares, Elena Garicano Vilar, Manuela Echeverry López, Marta García Bernat, Yaiza Quevedo Santos, Marta Blanco López, Paloma Elortegui Pascual, Elena Borregon Rivilla, Mario Rincón Barrado
OBJECTIVES: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been related to nutrient deficiencies and 'unhealthy' diets, and to date there is only one study that examined the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and ADHD. The aim was to determine the association between those environmental, nutritional, and body composition factors that may affect the pathogenesis and symptomatology of patients with ADHD in Spain. METHODS: A total of 89 children and adolescents (41 with diagnosed ADHD and 48 controls) were studied in an observation case-control study...
June 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589541/female-specific-association-of-nos1-genotype-with-white-matter-microstructure-in-adhd-patients-and-controls
#10
Hanneke van Ewijk, Janita Bralten, Esther D A van Duin, Marina Hakobjan, Jan K Buitelaar, Dirk J Heslenfeld, Pieter J Hoekstra, Catharina Hartman, Martine Hoogman, Jaap Oosterlaan, Barbara Franke
BACKGROUND: The nitric oxide synthase gene (NOS1) exon 1f (ex1f) VNTR is a known genetic risk factor for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), particularly in females. NOS1 plays an important role in neurite outgrowth and may thus influence brain development, specifically white matter (WM) microstructure, which is known to be altered in ADHD. The current study aimed to investigate whether NOS1 is associated with WM microstructure in (female) individuals with and without ADHD...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587546/attention-and-executive-disorders-in-neurofibromatosis-1-comparison-between-nf1-with-adhd-symptomatology-nf1-adhd-and-adhd-per-se
#11
Laurence Lion-François, Vania Herbillon, Emeline Peyric, Catherine Mercier, Daniel Gérard, Tiphanie Ginhoux, Virginie Coutinho, Isabelle Kemlin, Behrouz Kassai, Vincent Desportes, George A Michael
OBJECTIVE: To compare children with Neurofibromatosis type 1 and associated ADHD symptomatology (NF1 + ADHD) with children having received a diagnosis of ADHD without NF1. The idea was that performance differences in tasks of attention between these two groups would be attributable not to the ADHD symptomatology, but to NF1 alone. METHOD: One group of children with NF1 + ADHD ( N = 32), one group of children with ADHD ( N = 31), and one group of healthy controls ( N = 40) participated in a set of computerized tasks assessing intensive, selective, and executive aspects of attention...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582687/evaluating-relationships-among-clinical-working-memory-assessment-and-inattentive-and-hyperactive-impulsive-behaviors-in-a-community-sample-of-children
#12
Alison M Colbert, Jin Bo
OBJECTIVE: This study examined relationships between inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive behaviors and working memory (WM) functioning, and the utility of WM in categorical diagnosis of ADHD versus considering ADHD symptoms on a continuum. METHOD: The study included 50 male children (6-12 years). Inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive behaviors were measured by the Conners-3P parent report, and WM was assessed by the WISC-IV WM subtests and Working Memory Index (WMI)...
June 2, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581338/psychiatric-disorders-and-quality-of-life-in-the-offspring-of-parents-with-bipolar-disorder
#13
Michal Goetz, Antonin Sebela, Marketa Mohaplova, Silvie Ceresnakova, Radek Ptacek, Tomas Novak
OBJECTIVE: To determine current and lifetime psychopathology and assess quality of life (QoL) in offspring of a parent with bipolar disorder (BD). METHODS: We investigated 43 offspring of bipolar parents (high-risk offspring [HRO]) (mean age 12.5 ± 3.1; range 6.7-17.9 years) and 43 comparison offspring matched for sex, age, and IQ of healthy parents. Lifetime and current presence of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed. (DSM-5) diagnoses were assessed using Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL)...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579912/interaction-of-bilingualism-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-young-adults
#14
Ellen Bialystok, Kornelia Hawrylewicz, Melody Wiseheart, Maggie Toplak
One hundred and sixty-eight young adult participants were classified as monolingual or bilingual and as having a previously reported clinical diagnosis of ADHD or not to create four groups. All participants completed tests of language proficiency, ADHD ratings, and executive control. Both bilingualism and ADHD are generally associated with poorer vocabulary knowledge, but bilingualism and ADHD are associated with opposite effects on executive control. Consistent with this literature, bilinguals performed more poorly than monolinguals on the vocabulary test but contrary to predictions, the ADHD group performed somewhat better on language ability than the non-ADHD group, attesting to their high functioning status...
May 2017: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569544/novel-reading-index-for-identifying-disordered-reading-skill-development-a-preliminary-study
#15
Brianne Mohl, Noa Ofen, Lara L Jones, Joseph E Casey, Jeffrey A Stanley
Children with ADHD are at high risk of developing a Reading Disability (RD), although the reasons remain unclear. ADHD-associated impairments, including processing speed, can complicate clinical evaluation for a co-occurring RD diagnosis. We propose a novel metric to (a) assess reading development and (b) provide an alternative method to classifying readers that may aid investigations for etiologies of RD in ADHD. Specifically, as both phonological decoding and word recognition skills are important precursors of reading fluency, we propose a new quantitative method comparing these skills after accounting for variations in perception, motor response, or processing speeds...
June 1, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566274/prenatal-antidepressant-use-and-risk-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-offspring-population-based-cohort-study
#16
Kenneth K C Man, Esther W Chan, Patrick Ip, David Coghill, Emily Simonoff, Phyllis K L Chan, Wallis C Y Lau, Martijn J Schuemie, Miriam C J M Sturkenboom, Ian C K Wong
Objective To assess the potential association between prenatal use of antidepressants and the risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in offspring.Design Population based cohort study.Setting Data from the Hong Kong population based electronic medical records on the Clinical Data Analysis and Reporting System.Participants 190 618 children born in Hong Kong public hospitals between January 2001 and December 2009 and followed-up to December 2015.Main outcome measure Hazard ratio of maternal antidepressant use during pregnancy and ADHD in children aged 6 to 14 years, with an average follow-up time of 9...
May 31, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557556/regulating-the-regulators-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-genetic-association-study-of-microrna-biogenesis-pathways
#17
Umit Karakas, Ozlem Izci Ay, Mustafa Ertan Ay, Wei Wang, Mehmet Ali Sungur, Kenan Çevik, Gurbet Dogru, Mehmet Emin Erdal
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most prevalent complex psychiatric disorders in children as well as adults. ADHD impacts not only the affected individuals but also their families and social and professional networks. The clinical and diagnostic criteria for ADHD remain imprecise, in part, due to lack of robust biomarkers. ADHD comprises multiple subsets of diseases that present a shared set of downstream clinical findings, while displaying extensive molecular heterogeneity. This calls for innovation in diagnostic strategies that can help establish an ADHD diagnosis unequivocally as well as guiding precision medicine in this common mental health disorder...
June 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554265/secondary-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-following-perinatal-and-childhood-stroke-impact-on-cognitive-and-academic-outcomes
#18
Tricia S Williams, Samantha D Roberts, Andrea M Coppens, Jennifer Crosbie, Nomazulu Dlamini, Robyn Westmacott
This cross-sectional retrospective clinical research study examines a large group of children followed within a pediatric stroke program and a developmental attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) clinic at the Hospital for Sick Children, between May 2004 and June 2016. All children with a history of stroke who participated in a neuropsychological assessment between the ages of 4 and 18 years were considered for inclusion. From a sample of 275 participants with a history of stroke, 36 children (13...
May 30, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551761/a-family-based-study-of-the-association-between-labor-induction-and-offspring-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-low-academic-achievement
#19
Kelsey K Wiggs, Martin E Rickert, Sonia Hernandez-Diaz, Brian T Bateman, Catarina Almqvist, Henrik Larsson, Paul Lichtenstein, Anna Sara Oberg, Brian M D'Onofrio
The current study examined associations between labor induction and both (1) offspring attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis in a Swedish birth cohort born 1992-2005 (n = 1,085,008) and (2) indices of offspring low academic achievement in a sub-cohort born 1992-1997 (n = 489,196). Associations were examined in the entire sample (i.e., related and unrelated individuals) with adjustment for measured covariates and, in order to account for unmeasured confounders shared within families, within differentially exposed cousins and siblings...
May 27, 2017: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546869/smoking-alcohol-and-drug-use-in-youth-and-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#20
Sydney Osland, Lauren Hirsch, Tamara Pringsheim
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests a relationship between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and smoking, alcohol and illicit drug use, however most studies have focused on adolescents or young adults, or clinically ascertained samples. AIMS: To analyse population-based data on the relationship between ADHD and at-risk health behaviours in adolescents and adults. METHOD: Data were derived from a Statistics Canada population-based health survey...
May 2017: BJPsych Open
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