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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219628/subcortical-brain-volume-differences-in-participants-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-and-adults-a-cross-sectional-mega-analysis
#1
Martine Hoogman, Janita Bralten, Derrek P Hibar, Maarten Mennes, Marcel P Zwiers, Lizanne S J Schweren, Kimm J E van Hulzen, Sarah E Medland, Elena Shumskaya, Neda Jahanshad, Patrick de Zeeuw, Eszter Szekely, Gustavo Sudre, Thomas Wolfers, Alberdingk M H Onnink, Janneke T Dammers, Jeanette C Mostert, Yolanda Vives-Gilabert, Gregor Kohls, Eileen Oberwelland, Jochen Seitz, Martin Schulte-Rüther, Sara Ambrosino, Alysa E Doyle, Marie F Høvik, Margaretha Dramsdahl, Leanne Tamm, Theo G M van Erp, Anders Dale, Andrew Schork, Annette Conzelmann, Kathrin Zierhut, Ramona Baur, Hazel McCarthy, Yuliya N Yoncheva, Ana Cubillo, Kaylita Chantiluke, Mitul A Mehta, Yannis Paloyelis, Sarah Hohmann, Sarah Baumeister, Ivanei Bramati, Paulo Mattos, Fernanda Tovar-Moll, Pamela Douglas, Tobias Banaschewski, Daniel Brandeis, Jonna Kuntsi, Philip Asherson, Katya Rubia, Clare Kelly, Adriana Di Martino, Michael P Milham, Francisco X Castellanos, Thomas Frodl, Mariam Zentis, Klaus-Peter Lesch, Andreas Reif, Paul Pauli, Terry L Jernigan, Jan Haavik, Kerstin J Plessen, Astri J Lundervold, Kenneth Hugdahl, Larry J Seidman, Joseph Biederman, Nanda Rommelse, Dirk J Heslenfeld, Catharina A Hartman, Pieter J Hoekstra, Jaap Oosterlaan, Georg von Polier, Kerstin Konrad, Oscar Vilarroya, Josep Antoni Ramos-Quiroga, Joan Carles Soliva, Sarah Durston, Jan K Buitelaar, Stephen V Faraone, Philip Shaw, Paul M Thompson, Barbara Franke
BACKGROUND: Neuroimaging studies have shown structural alterations in several brain regions in children and adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Through the formation of the international ENIGMA ADHD Working Group, we aimed to address weaknesses of previous imaging studies and meta-analyses, namely inadequate sample size and methodological heterogeneity. We aimed to investigate whether there are structural differences in children and adults with ADHD compared with those without this diagnosis...
February 16, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219492/microstructural-white-matter-alterations-in-the-corpus-callosum-of-girls-with-conduct-disorder
#2
Willeke Martine Menks, Reto Furger, Claudia Lenz, Lynn Valérie Fehlbaum, Christina Stadler, Nora Maria Raschle
OBJECTIVE: Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies in adolescent conduct disorder (CD) have demonstrated white matter alterations of tracts connecting functionally distinct fronto-limbic regions, but only in boys or mixed-gender samples. So far, no study has investigated white matter integrity in girls with CD on a whole-brain level. Therefore, our aim was to investigate white matter alterations in adolescent girls with CD. METHOD: We collected high-resolution DTI data from 24 girls with CD and 20 typically developing control girls using a 3T magnetic resonance imaging system...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219491/predictors-and-outcomes-of-childhood-primary-enuresis
#3
Ellen M Kessel, Anna E S Allmann, Brandon L Goldstein, Megan Finsaas, Lea R Dougherty, Sara J Bufferd, Gabrielle A Carlson, Daniel N Klein
OBJECTIVE: Although enuresis is relatively common in early childhood, research exploring its antecedents and implications is surprisingly limited, perhaps because the condition typically remits in middle childhood. METHOD: We examined the prevalence, predictors, prognostic factors, and outcomes of primary enuresis in a large (N = 559) multi-method, multi-informant prospective study with a community-based sample of children followed from age 3 years to age 9 years...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219025/mortality-in-individuals-with-disruptive-behavior-disorders-diagnosed-by-specialist-services-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#4
James G Scott, Marianne Giørtz Pedersen, Holly E Erskine, Aida Bikic, Ditte Demontis, John J McGrath, Søren Dalsgaard
Disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs), inclusive of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD), are associated with outcomes likely to increase risk of mortality. Using Danish National Registers, a total of 1.92 million individuals including 9495 individuals with DBDs diagnosed by specialist services were followed from their first birthday to 2013. Those with and without DBDs were compared using mortality rate ratios (MRRs) estimated using Poisson regression and adjusted for calendar period, age, sex, family history of psychiatric disorders, maternal age at time of birth, paternal age at time of birth, parental education status, and parental employment status...
February 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203275/diagnostic-profiles-and-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-among-children-and-adolescents-attending-a-national-psychiatric-hospital-in-botswana
#5
Anthony A Olashore, Bechedza Frank-Hatitchki, Olorunfemi Ogunwobi
BACKGROUND: Attention is currently being drawn to child psychiatric care, most especially in the developed countries. This type of care is still rudimentary in the developing countries. Botswana is one of the African countries with good health care services but mental illness is given the low priority. Child and adolescent mental health care (CAMHC) is almost non-existent likely due to the dearth of research which would drive a policy change in this direction. Hence the need for this research as a step towards establishing a well-structured CAMHC...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196459/care-provision-and-prescribing-practices-of-physicians-treating-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd
#6
Ayush Patel, Rohan Medhekar, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Rajender R Aparasu, Wenyaw Chan, Jeffrey T Sherer, Joy Alonzo, Hua Chen
OBJECTIVE: Care provision and prescribing practices of physicians treating children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were compared. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted with the 1995-2010 General Electric Centricity Electronic Medical Record database. The sample included children (≤18 years) with newly diagnosed ADHD (ICD-9-CM code 314.XX) who received a prescription for a stimulant or atomoxetine. Identification of comorbid psychiatric disorders, duration from initial ADHD diagnosis to treatment, prescription of other psychotropic medications, and follow-up care during the ten months after the ADHD treatment initiation were compared across provider type (primary care physicians [PCPs], child psychiatrists, and physicians with an unknown specialty)...
February 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186315/sleep-study-in-disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder-and-bipolar-children
#7
Xavier Estrada-Prat, Ion Álvarez-Guerrico, María J Bleda-Hernández, Ester Camprodon-Rosanas, Santiago Batlle-Vila, Elena Pujals-Altes, María T Nascimento-Osorio, Luís M Martín-López, Enric Álvarez-Martínez, Víctor Pérez-Solá, Soledad Romero-Cela
INTRODUCTION: Decreased need for sleep has been proposed as a core symptom of mania and it has been associated with the pathogenesis of Bipolar Disorder. The emergence of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD) as a new diagnostic has been controversial and much has been speculated about its relationship with the bipolar spectrum. REM sleep fragmentation could be a biomarker of affective disorders and it would help us to differentiate them from other disorders. METHOD: Polysomnographic cross-sectional study of children with DMDD, bipolar disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)...
January 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184164/assessment-and-monitoring-of-treatment-response-in-adult-adhd-patients-current-perspectives
#8
REVIEW
J Russell Ramsay
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental syndrome that emerges in childhood or early adolescence and persists into adulthood for a majority of individuals. There are many other adults with ADHD who may not seek out evaluation and treatment until adulthood, having been able to "get by" before struggling with inattention, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity in adulthood, in addition to facing the associated features of disorganization, poor time management, and procrastination among many others...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183284/study-of-user-experience-of-an-objective-test-qbtest-to-aid-adhd-assessment-and-medication-management-a-multi-methods-approach
#9
Charlotte L Hall, Althea Z Valentine, Gemma M Walker, Harriet M Ball, Heather Cogger, David Daley, Madeleine J Groom, Kapil Sayal, Chris Hollis
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis and monitoring of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) typically relies on subjective reports and observations. Objective continuous performance tests (CPTs) have been incorporated into some services to support clinical decision making. However, the feasibility and acceptability of adding such a test into routine practice is unknown. The study aimed to investigate the feasibility and acceptability of adding an objective computerised test to the routine assessment and monitoring of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
February 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162026/the-effect-of-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-on-the-risk-of-adhd-in-the-offspring
#10
Stefanie Böhm, Eileen A Curran, Louise C Kenny, Gerard W O'Keeffe, Deirdre Murray, Ali S Khashan
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests that perinatal factors may contribute to the development of ADHD. Our objective was to examine the association between hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and ADHD, and behavioral difficulties among 7-year-old children. METHOD: The study cohort consisted of 13,192 children (weighted = 13,500) who participated in the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) at age 7. HDP (raised blood pressure, preeclampsia, eclampsia, and toxemia) were reported by mothers 9 months postdelivery...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159094/socioeconomic-impact-of-pediatric-sleep-disorders
#11
REVIEW
Kin M Yuen, Rafael Pelayo
Pediatric disorders tend to affect the immediate support unit, adults and children. High costs for direct consumption of medical care are offset by early diagnosis and treatment of pediatric sleep disorders. Pediatric sleep disorders are underdiagnosed and undertreated. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder may result from insufficient or fragmented sleep. Delaying school start time resulted in decreased car crashes in teen drivers and improved mood.
March 2017: Sleep Medicine Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152660/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-adhd-in-the-united-states
#12
Kathleen A Fairman, Alyssa M Peckham, David A Sclar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to update ADHD diagnosis/treatment trends by age, gender, and race. METHOD: National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey data were obtained for 2008-2009 to 2012-2013. Physician office visits including ADHD diagnosis and pharmacotherapy were measured per 1,000 population and per 1,000 office visits overall, and by demographic group. Logistic regression models controlled for demographics, psychiatric comorbidities, insurance type, and time period...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148729/psychiatric-disorders-in-adolescents-with-single-ventricle-congenital-heart-disease
#13
David R DeMaso, Johanna Calderon, George A Taylor, Jennifer E Holland, Christian Stopp, Matthew T White, David C Bellinger, Michael J Rivkin, David Wypij, Jane W Newburger
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Mental health outcomes for survivors of critical congenital heart disease (CHD) remain under-investigated. We sought to examine psychiatric disorders and psychosocial functioning in adolescents with single ventricle CHD and to explore whether patient-related risk factors predict dysfunction. METHODS: This cohort study recruited 156 adolescents with single ventricle CHD who underwent the Fontan procedure and 111 healthy referents. Participants underwent comprehensive psychiatric evaluation including a clinician-rated psychiatric interview and parent- and self-report ratings of anxiety, disruptive behavior, including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and depressive symptoms...
February 1, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146649/a-multimodal-intervention-for-children-with-adhd-reduces-inequity-in-health-and-education-outcomes
#14
Jennifer E Enns, Jason R Randall, Mark Smith, Dan Chateau, Carole Taylor, Marni Brownell, James M Bolton, Elaine Burland, Alan Katz, Laurence Y Katz, Nathan C Nickel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a multimodal intervention for children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) resulted in better long-term health and education outcomes and reduced inequity across the socioeconomic gradient. METHOD: We analyzed administrative data held in the Manitoba Population Research Data Repository describing recipients of a combined pharmacological/behavioural intervention for ADHD. The study cohort included children aged 5 to 17 years who visited the Manitoba Adolescent Treatment Centre's ADHD intervention service at least 3 times (2007-2012)...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145641/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-its-comorbidity-among-korean-children-in-a-community-population
#15
Moon Jung Kim, Inho Park, Myung Ho Lim, Ki Chung Paik, Sungja Cho, Ho Jang Kwon, Sang Gyu Lee, Seung Jin Yoo, Mina Ha
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorders (ADHD) in children according to socio-demographic factors and the distribution of ADHD subtypes in a community in Korea. A screening survey using the Korean version of ADHD Rating Scale (K-ARS) was conducted between 2007 and 2008, and clinical interviews by a pediatric psychiatrist were performed for selected children between 2009 and 2010. A total of 49,573 elementary school students, between ages of 7 and 12, constituted the target population, among which 38,365 students (77...
March 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143492/a-longitudinal-study-of-associations-between-psychiatric-symptoms-and-disorders-and-cerebral-gray-matter-volumes-in-adolescents-born-very-preterm
#16
Violeta L Botellero, Jon Skranes, Knut Jørgen Bjuland, Asta Kristine Håberg, Stian Lydersen, Ann-Mari Brubakk, Marit S Indredavik, Marit Martinussen
BACKGROUND: Being born preterm with very low birthweight (VLBW ≤ 1500 g) poses a risk for cortical and subcortical gray matter (GM) abnormalities, as well as for having more psychiatric problems during childhood and adolescence than term-born individuals. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between cortical and subcortical GM volumes and the course of psychiatric disorders during adolescence in VLBW individuals. METHODS: We followed VLBW individuals and term-born controls (birth weight ≥10th percentile) from 15 (VLBW;controls n = 40;56) to 19 (n = 44;60) years of age...
February 1, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141724/inattentive-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-stimulant-medication-and-weight-loss-in-a-15-year-old-girl-are-we-enabling-the-development-of-an-eating-disorder
#17
Sai Iyer, Maya Kumar, Michael I Reiff, Martin T Stein
Nicole is a 15-year-old girl presenting to the Developmental Behavioral Pediatrics Clinic with symptoms of the inattentive type of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and declining school performance over the last year. She expressed frustration over her inability to concentrate on schoolwork. Assuming that her poor grades were secondary to lack of effort, her parents withdrew privileges. Nicole became increasingly depressed. She stopped participating in activities, she previously enjoyed, and her parents reported that she stopped singing in the shower...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141707/bullying-and-adhd-which-came-first-and-does-it-matter
#18
Robert Keder, Robert Sege, Peter C Raffalli, Marilyn Augustyn
Aiden, a 13-year-old boy in the sixth grade who is relatively new to your practice, is seen for follow-up after his routine physical last month when you noted concerns for possible attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and gave the family Vanderbilt Scales to complete. Aiden has a family history of ADHD, specific learning disabilities, and mood disorder.His mother reports that she is concerned about how Aiden is doing at school; his teachers are complaining that he is not doing his work, and she is worried that he may be kept back in school...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141706/attached-to-a-diagnosis-the-quandary-of-social-deficits-and-reactive-attachment-disorder
#19
Randall Phelps, Debra Eisert, Susan Schulz, Marilyn Augustyn
Alex is a 9-year-old boy brought to you, his primary care provider, for a "fifth opinion." You have cared for Alex since he was adopted from a Romanian orphanage at 3 years of age. He has been physically healthy with normal growth parameters and no evidence of fetal alcohol syndrome. Alex has long-standing history of social difficulties, impulsivity, lying, controlling, manipulative behaviors, violent outbursts at home with subsequent lack of remorse, and excessive chatter. You referred Alex to an interdisciplinary child development clinic 2 years ago, where he was diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138105/sleep-problems-as-predictors-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-causal-mechanisms-consequences-and-treatment
#20
REVIEW
Yoo Hyun Um, Seung-Chul Hong, Jong-Hyun Jeong
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is notorious for its debilitating consequences and early age of onset. The need for early diagnosis and intervention has frequently been underscored. Previous studies have attempted to clarify the bidirectional relationship between ADHD and sleep problems, proposing a potential role for sleep problems as early predictors of ADHD. Sleep deprivation, sleep-disordered breathing, and circadian rhythm disturbances have been extensively studied, yielding evidence with regard to their induction of ADHD-like symptoms...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
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