keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

adhd diagnosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469593/l-carnosine-as-adjunctive-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Alireza Ghajar, Farinaz Aghajan-Nashtaei, Mohsen Afarideh, Mohammad-Reza Mohammadi, Shahin Akhondzadeh
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of l-carnosine as an add-on to methylphenidate in management of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: This was an 8-week, randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study. Fifty-six drug-free children and adolescents aged 6-17 years old with a diagnosis of ADHD entered the study. The patients were randomly assigned to l-carnosine (800 mg/d in two divided doses) or placebo plus methylphenidate (0...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468925/self-reported-adhd-and-adult-health-in-the-united-states
#2
Scott D Landes, Andrew S London
OBJECTIVE: Informed by a social determinants of health framework, we investigate the relationship between self-reported ADHD diagnosis status and adult health, and whether observed associations are attenuated by biomedical and socioeconomic factors. METHOD: Using 2007 National Health Interview Survey data ( N = 19,104), we present multivariate logistic regression analyses of associations between self-reported ADHD diagnosis status and five adult health outcomes...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463592/efficacy-and-safety-of-ginkgo-preparations-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review-protocol
#3
Sufei He, Miao Wang, Jinhua Si, Tianyi Zhang, Hong Cui, Xiumei Gao
INTRODUCTION: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed and treated childhood psychiatric disorders. The analogous diagnosis adopted in Europe is hyperkinetic disorder, which is defined in the WHO's International Classification of Diseases 10th edition (ICD-10). Hyperkinetic disorder includes more severe conditions. Ginkgo preparations are used in the treatment of ADHD. The present study will assess the efficacy and safety of ginkgo preparations in the treatment of ADHD in the currently published literature...
February 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460107/assessing-psychiatric-symptoms-in-youth-affected-by-hiv-comparing-a-brief-self-administered-rating-scale-with-a-structured-diagnostic-interview
#4
Miriam Chernoff, Konstantia Nadia Angelidou, Paige L Williams, Pim Brouwers, Meredith Warshaw, Sharon Nachman
Brief psychiatric assessment tools are needed for evaluating children affected by HIV for emotional and behavioral problems. We compared a self-administered symptom rating scale (CASI-4R) to a semi-structured diagnostic interview (DICA-P) in 136 U.S. children affected by HIV. Agreement and performance measures for the two instruments were computed for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, depression, anxiety, and disruptive behavior. Correlations and regression analyses were conducted to compare the two instruments, and to evaluate their associations with social, academic, and global function...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457493/the-impact-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children
#5
Hatem Hamed Elshorbagy, Naglaa Fathy Barseem, Waleed Elsayed Abdelghani, Hany Abdelaziz Ibrahim Suliman, Ashraf Hamed Al-Shokary, Sameh Elsayed Abdulsamea, Akram Elshafey Elsadek, Yehia Hamed Abdel Maksoud, Dalia Mohamed Abd El-Hassib Nour El Din
BACKGROUND: The role of nutrients and dietary factors in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to evaluate the serum vitamin D level in children with a diagnosis of ADHD. The secondary objective was to detect the effect of vitamin D supplementation on cognitive function in those with vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: A total of 50 children with ADHD and 40 healthy controls were included in the study...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451590/by-the-book-adhd-prevalence-in-medical-students-varies-with-analogous-methods-of-addressing-dsm-items
#6
Paulo Mattos, Bruno P Nazar, Rosemary Tannock
OBJECTIVE: The marked increase in the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among university students gives rise to questions about how best to diagnose in this setting. The aim of the present study was to calculate ADHD prevalence in a large non-clinical sample of medical students using a stepwise design and to determine whether ADHD diagnosis varies if interviewees use additional probing procedures to obtain examples of positive DSM items. METHODS: A total of 726 students were screened with the Adult Self-Report Scale (ASRS) and invited for an interview with the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (K-SADS) adapted for adults...
February 15, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451303/sex-specific-manifestation-of-genetic-risk-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-the-general-population
#7
Joanna Martin, Mark J Taylor, Mina Rydell, Lucy Riglin, Olga Eyre, Yi Lu, Sebastian Lundström, Henrik Larsson, Anita Thapar, Paul Lichtenstein
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is more commonly diagnosed in males than in females. A growing body of research suggests that females with ADHD might be underdiagnosed or receive alternative diagnoses, such as anxiety or depression. Other lines of reasoning suggest that females might be protected from developing ADHD, requiring a higher burden of genetic risk to manifest the disorder. METHODS: We tested these two hypotheses, using common variant genetic data from two population-based cohorts...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451009/risk-factors-influencing-severity-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-a-sample-of-preparatory-school-students-in-cairo
#8
Hisham Ramy, Mona El Sheikh, Marwa Sultan, Rasha Bassim, Maissa Eid, Ramy Ali, Marwa El Missiry
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood psychiatric disorders. Severity of symptoms is associated with more behavioral problems, poor academic performance, and persistence of symptoms into adulthood. METHODS: To examine the clinical and social correlates that may be identified as risk factors associated with ADHD severity in a sample of adolescent ADHD school students. A total of 925 students were recruited from two public and two private schools from eastern Cairo...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450242/one-year-abstinence-improves-adhd-symptoms-among-patients-with-polysubstance-use-disorder
#9
Egon Hagen, Aleksander H Erga, Sverre M Nesvåg, James R McKay, Astri J Lundervold, Espen Walderhaug
Introduction: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common comorbid disorder in patients suffering from substance use disorder (SUD). Individuals with co-occurring SUD and ADHD are more likely than SUD patients without ADHD to have developed SUD at a younger age, be polysubstance users, and need inpatient treatment more often. The present study investigates whether individuals with polysubstance use disorder who remain abstinent for a year after entering treatment have a more substantial reduction in ADHD symptoms than those who relapsed and controls...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444606/the-links-between-healthy-problematic-and-addicted-internet-use-regarding-comorbidities-and-self-concept-related-characteristics
#10
Tagrid Leménager, Sabine Hoffmann, Julia Dieter, Iris Reinhard, Karl Mann, Falk Kiefer
Background Addicted Internet users present with higher rates of comorbidities, e.g., attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depressive, and anxiety disorders. In addition, deficits in self-concept-related characteristics were found in addicted Internet gamers and social network users. The aim of this study was to examine the links between healthy, problematic, and addicted Internet use regarding comorbidities and self-concept-related characteristics. The association between recently developed ADHD-like symptoms without an underlying diagnosis and addictive Internet use was also examined...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438181/adhd-from-childhood-to-young-adulthood
#11
Daniel Wesemann, Susan N Van Cleve
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects approximately 11% of children between the ages of 4 and 17 years. This article discusses performing a comprehensive assessment for ADHD, the use of validated tools to make an accurate diagnosis, physical exam findings that may be suggestive of certain conditions, and ADHD treatment options.
March 12, 2018: Nurse Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435966/-school-assistance-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-the-spanish-autonomous-regions
#12
J C Ripoll-Salceda, L Bonilla
INTRODUCTION: In recent years different Spanish autonomous regions have presented policies on school assistance for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or coordination between the educational and healthcare services, which result in protocols, instructions or guidelines of action. AIM: To determine and compare the proposals put forward by the different Spanish regions with respect to school assistance for ADHD. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: After searching for the documents that contain these policies, the information therein was analysed with the aim of being able to compare them in several different areas: document, scope of application, detection of ADHD, diagnosis, school measures, follow-up of the proposals of the Guidelines on clinical practice in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, grounds and resources offered...
February 16, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427542/school-dysfunction-in-youth-with-autistic-spectrum-disorder-in-taiwan-the-effect-of-subtype-and-adhd
#13
Huey-Ling Chiang, Wei-Chih Kao, Mei-Chun Chou, Wen-June Chou, Yen-Nan Chiu, Yu-Yu Wu, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
School dysfunction is observed in youths with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but the factors moderating their school dysfunction have not been well explored. This study investigated school functions in youths with ASD in Taiwan, stratified by personal characteristics including demographics, ASD subtypes, intelligence profiles, and the presence of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We recruited 160 youths (aged 6-18 years, 87.5% boys) with a clinical diagnosis of ASD and 160 age and gender-matched typically developing (TD) youths...
February 10, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415788/children-with-adhd-symptoms-show-deficits-in-reactive-but-not-proactive-inhibition-irrespective-of-their-formal-diagnosis
#14
Branko M van Hulst, Patrick de Zeeuw, Chantal Vlaskamp, Yvonne Rijks, Bram B Zandbelt, Sarah Durston
BACKGROUND: Attenuated inhibitory control is one of the most robust findings in the neuropsychology of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, it is unclear whether this represents a deficit in outright stopping (reactive inhibition), whether it relates to a deficit in anticipatory response slowing (proactive inhibition), or both. In addition, children with other development disorders, such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), often have symptoms of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity similar to children with ADHD...
February 8, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413097/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-relationship-between-infant-thimerosal-containing-hepatitis-b-vaccine-exposure-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
David A Geier, Janet K Kern, Kristin G Homme, Mark R Geier
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by a marked pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is inconsistent with developmental level and interferes with normal functioning in at least two settings. This study evaluated the hypothesis that infant Thimerosal-containing hepatitis B vaccine (T-HepB) exposure would increase the risk of an ADHD diagnosis. This cross-sectional study examined 4393 persons between 13 and 19 years of age from the combined 1999-2004 National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES) by analyzing demographic, immunization, socioeconomic, and health-related variables using the SAS system...
March 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398747/effects-of-folic-acid-on-appetite-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-treated-with-methylphenidate-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#16
Forough Riahi, Ashraf Tashakori, Ghazal Salehi Vanani
Background: The highly effective medications in treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms are stimulants like methylphenidate. However, they have adverse effects like reduced appetite. We investigated the effects of folic acid on reduced appetite caused by the use of methylphenidate in children with ADHD. Methods: This randomized double-blind clinical trial evaluated 70 outpatients, aged between 6 and 12 years, with a diagnosis of ADHD. The children were recruited from the Outpatient Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinic of Golestan Hospital (Ahwaz, Iran) between 2016 and 2017...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395624/anterior-cingulate-cortex-glutamate-and-its-association-with-striatal-functioning-during-cognitive-control
#17
Jilly Naaijen, David J Lythgoe, Marcel P Zwiers, Catharina A Hartman, Pieter J Hoekstra, Jan K Buitelaar, Esther Aarts
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by structural, functional and neurochemical alterations of the fronto-striatal circuits and by deficits in cognitive control. In particular, ADHD has been associated with impairments in top-down fronto-striatal glutamate-signalling. However, it is unknown whether fronto-striatal glutamate is related to cognitive control dysfunction. Here we explored whether and how anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) glutamate relates to striatal BOLD-responses during cognitive control...
January 30, 2018: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392964/evaluation-of-psychometric-properties-and-factorial-structure-of-adhd-module-of-k-sads-pl-in-children-from-rural-kenya
#18
Symon M Kariuki, Charles R J C Newton, Amina Abubakar, Mary A Bitta, Rachael Odhiambo, Jacqueline Phillips Owen
OBJECTIVE: We determined the reliability of The Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime (K-SADS-PL) for screening and diagnosing ADHD in children. METHOD: K-SADS-PL was administered to 2,074 children in the community. Psychometric properties, factorial structure, and clinical validity of K-SADS-PL in screening or diagnosis of ADHD were examined. RESULTS: Internal consistency was excellent for items in the screening interview (Macdonald's Omega [ω] = 0...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391802/adhd-and-lifestyle-habits-in-czech-adults-a-national-sample
#19
Simon Weissenberger, Radek Ptacek, Martina Vnukova, Jiri Raboch, Martina Klicperova-Baker, Lucie Domkarova, Michal Goetz
Background: Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been added as a diagnosis to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders version 5 (DSM5) in 2013, thus making ADHD, which has been classically known as a childhood disorder, a life-long disorder. Those suffering from the condition show very specific behavioral traits, which manifest as lifestyle habits; they also show comorbidities that can be the symptoms and/or consequences of certain lifestyles. Materials and methods: The targeted population was adults aged 18-65 years...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389167/adolescent-d-amphetamine-exposure-enhances-the-acquisition-of-cocaine-self-administration-in-male-and-female-rats
#20
Ryan T Lacy, Hannah K Schorsch, Bridget P Austin
Diagnosis and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has risen drastically over the past 20 years in the United States and abroad. Amphetamine-based prescription stimulants are the most prescribed treatment for ADHD and the diversion of these drugs has also increased. Reports indicate 61% of individuals with an ADHD medication prescription have sold or shared their medication. Exposure to prescription stimulants, especially for those without an ADHD diagnosis, may increase susceptibility to drugs of abuse...
February 2018: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
keyword
keyword
67275
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"