Read by QxMD icon Read


N M Krupnov, A L Shkutenko, A V Fedotov, A V Sashin
The available literature reports only rare cases of injuries inflicted by the speargun shots. The last publication of this sort of which we are aware dates back to 1960. This article describes an example from the expert practice concerning the accident involving a wound caused by the speargun shot to a member of an amateur fishing party. The authors examined the weapon of injury (a 'Zelinka' speargun), the harpoon, its head, and fragments of the skin with the traces of the punctured wound obtained from the corpse of the victim...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
Myftar Torba, Arben Gjata, Francesco Rulli, Ilir Kajo, Sotir Ceka, Afron Mici
Blunt abdominal trauma following gunshot wound. Case report and literature review Introduction: Similarly to blast weapons, every firearm produces explosion at the moment of shooting, which can cause injuries in every region of the body. The aim of this paper is to present the mechanism of blunt abdominal injury following gunshot wounds, bringing this uncommon disease to the clinicians' attention and to review the literature available. CASE REPORT: A patient developed a delayed bowel perforation following a gunshot injury of the abdomen without breaking of the peritoneum...
April 20, 2018: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Xiani Yao, Yuerong Cai, Diqiu Yu, Gang Liang
Cd is a non-essential heavy metal that is toxic to both plants and animals. Here, we reveal that the transcription factor bHLH104 positively regulates Cd tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana. We found that Fe deficiency-responsive genes were induced by Cd treatment, and that their upregulation was suppressed in bhlh104 loss-of-function mutants but enhanced upon overexpression of bHLH104. Correspondingly, the bhlh104 mutants displayed sensitivity to Cd stress, whereas plants overexpressing bHLH104 exhibited enhanced Cd tolerance...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology
Christophe Gaillochet, Suraj Jamge, Froukje van der Wal, Gerco Angenent, Richard Immink, Jan U Lohmann
During the plant life cycle, diverse signalling inputs are continuously integrated and engage specific genetic programs depending on the cellular or developmental context. Consistent with an important role in this process, HECATE (HEC) bHLH transcription factors display diverse functions, from photomorphogenesis to the control of shoot meristem dynamics and gynoecium patterning. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying their functional versatility and the deployment of specific HEC sub-programs still remain elusive...
April 18, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
Clement O Ogunkunle, Mayank Varun, Iyanuoluwa G Ogundele, Kehinde S Olorunmaiye, Manoj S Paul
Due to the important role of biochar (BC) in reducing metal-toxicity in plants, this study was aimed at assessing the potential of citrus epicarp-derived BC in ameliorating Cd toxicity in young Abelmoschus esculentus (okra) under low Cd toxicity. Okra was grown in soil amended with BC at four treatment levels for 49 days as follows: control (A), sole 1.4 mg Cd/kg-spiked soil (B), 1.4 mg Cd/kg-spiked soil + 1% BC (C) and 1.4 mg Cd/kg-spiked soil + 3% BC (D). The results showed a dose-dependent reduction in shoot accumulation of Cd due to the BC application...
April 17, 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Felipe K Ricachenevsky, Artur T de Araújo Junior, Janette P Fett, Raul A Sperotto
Plant nutrient uptake is performed mostly by roots, which have to acquire nutrients while avoiding excessive amounts of essential and toxic elements. Apoplastic barriers such as the casparian strip and suberin deposition block free diffusion from the rhizosphere into the xylem, making selective plasma membrane transporters able to control elemental influx into the root symplast, efflux into the xylem and therefore shoot translocation. Additionally, transporters localized to the tonoplast of root cells have been demonstrated to regulate the shoot ionome, and may be important for seed elemental translocation...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Shane M Summers
On November 5, 2017, Brooke Army Medical Center emergency department (ED) was faced with the unthinkable: the deadliest mass shooting in Texas history, where 26 souls lost their lives attending church services in Sutherland Springs. That Sunday morning our trauma center received eight gunshot wound victims, 2 of whom were minors. Without warning, our residents faced a situation that they had only read about in textbooks. The residents led the trauma resuscitations that day and did so brilliantly. This article is protected by copyright...
April 17, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Sara E Scanga, Bilal Hasanspahič, Edin Zvorničanin, Jasmina Samardžić Koženjić, Andrew K Rahme, Jessica H Shinn-Thomas
Erythritol, a non-nutritive polyol, is the main component of the artificial sweetener Truvia®. Recent research has indicated that erythritol may have potential as an organic insecticide, given its harmful effects on several insects but apparent safety for mammals. However, for erythritol to have practical use as an insecticide in agricultural settings, it must have neutral to positive effects on crop plants and other non-target organisms. We examined the dose-dependent effects of erythritol (0, 5, 50, 500, 1000, and 2000 mM) on corn (Zea mays) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) seedling growth and seed germination...
2018: PloS One
Veit Martin Dörken, Bernard Lepetit
Morphology, anatomy and physiology of sun and shade leaves of Abies alba were investigated and major differences were identified, such as sun leaves being larger, containing a hypodermis and palisade parenchyma as well as possessing more stomata, while shade leaves exhibit a distinct leaf dimorphism. The large size of sun leaves and their arrangement crowded on the upper side of a plagiotropic shoot leads to self-shading which is explainable as protection from high solar radiation and to reduce the transpiration via the lamina...
April 17, 2018: Plant, Cell & Environment
Chun Quan Zhu, Xiao Fang Zhu, Chao Wang, Xiao Ying Dong, Ren Fang Shen
NO3 - not only inhibited the reutilization of cell wall P via decreasing root cell wall pectin content and PME activity, but also hampered the P translocation from root to shoot. The rice cultivars 'Kasalath' (Kas) and 'Nipponbare' (Nip) were used to demonstrate that the nitrogen source NO3 - inhibits internal phosphorus (P) reutilization in rice under P-absence conditions. Analysis using Kas showed that the expression of - P-induced marker genes OsIPS1/2 and OsSPX1/2/3/5 are significantly higher under 1 mM NO 3 -  - P (1N - P) treatment than 0 mM NO 3 -  - P (0N - P) treatment...
April 16, 2018: Planta
Xuemei Zhou, Yingying Guo, Peng Zhao, Meng-Xiang Sun
WUSCHEL-related homeobox (WOX) gene is a plant-specific clade of homeobox transcription factors. Increasing evidences reveal that WOXs play critical roles in early embryogenesis, which involves zygote development, initiation of zygote division, and apical or basal cell lineage establishment. However, how WOXs regulate these developmental events remains largely unknown, and even detailed expression pattern in gametes and early proembryos is not yet available. Here, 13 WOX family genes were identified in Nicotiana tabacum genome...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Priyanka Sharma, Kandasamy Nagarajan, Bihu Prasad Panda
The frequency of Bacillus subtilis infection such as pneumonia pan-opthalmitis, visceral abscess or musculoskeletal infection etc. complications following bacteremia, meningitis in children & the infection associated with majority of motor vehicle accidents associated with trauma & gun shoot injury. Antibiotics which appear especially useful in the treatment of Bacillus. infection are clindamycin and vancomycin to which vast majority of strains are susceptible in vitro. Our objective is to test the synthesized peptidomimetics with the efforts mainly directed towards the identification of antibacterial compounds against recurrent septicemia infection...
April 16, 2018: Drug Research
Ganggang Chong, Junhua Di, Cuiluan Ma, Dajing Wang, Chu Wang, Lingling Wang, Pengqi Zhang, Jun Zhu, Yucai He
In this study, biomass-hydrolysate was used for enhancing the bioreduction of ethyl 4-chloro-3-oxobutanoate (COBE). Firstly, dilute alkalic salt pretreatment was attempted to pretreat bamboo shoot shell (BSS). It was found that enzymatic in situ hydrolysis of 20-50 g/L BSS pretreated with dilute alkalic salts (0.4% Na2 CO3 , 0.032% Na2 S) at 7.5% sulfidity by autoclaving at 110 °C for 40 min gave sugar yields at 59.9%-73.5%. Moreover, linear relationships were corrected on solid recovery-total delignification-sugar yield...
April 7, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Jason Q Alexander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Stephen A Snipes, Kevin Rodriguez, Aaron E DeVries, Kaori N Miyawaki, Mariano Perales, Mingtang Xie, G Venugopala Reddy
Concentration-dependent transcriptional regulation and the spatial regulation of transcription factor levels are poorly studied in plant development. WUSCHEL, a stem cell-promoting homeodomain transcription factor, accumulates at a higher level in the rib meristem than in the overlying central zone, which harbors stem cells in the shoot apical meristems of Arabidopsis thaliana. The differential accumulation of WUSCHEL in adjacent cells is critical for the spatial regulation and levels of CLAVATA3, a negative regulator of WUSCHEL transcription...
April 16, 2018: PLoS Genetics
Satoshi Yamauchi, Yasuka Yamashita, Asuka Nishimoto, Hisashi Nishiwaki
The relationship between the structure of lignano-9,9'-lactone (2,3-dibenzylbutyrolactone) and its activity as a plant growth regulator was clarified. Derivatives with higher plant growth inhibitory activity than natural dimethylmatairesinol 4 were synthesized. The 2-hydroxy-7-Z-ene derivative 42 displayed growth inhibitory activity against both the shoots (IC50 = 0.65 mM) and roots (IC50 = 0.43 mM) of lettuce seedlings. Regiospecific activity was observed. The 2,3-dihydroxy derivative 24 showed the highest growth inhibitory activity against both the shoots (IC50 = 0...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Yongjia Zhong, Yuguang Wang, Jiangfan Guo, Xinlu Zhu, Jing Shi, Qiuju He, Yu Liu, Yunrong Wu, Li Zhang, Qundan Lv, Chuanzao Mao
Phosphorus (P) is an essential macronutrient for plant growth and development, but the molecular mechanism determining how plants sense external inorganic phosphate (Pi) levels and reprogram transcriptional and adaptive responses is incompletely understood. In this study, we investigated the function of OsSPX6 (hereafter SPX6), an uncharacterized member of SPX domain (SYG1, Pho81 and XPR1)-containing proteins in rice, using reverse genetics and biochemical approaches. Transgenic plants overexpressing SPX6 exhibited decreased Pi concentrations and suppression of phosphate starvation-induced (PSI) genes...
April 15, 2018: New Phytologist
Mohammad Ali Shahtalebi, Gholam Reza Asghari, Farideh Rahmani, Fatemeh Shafiee, Ali Jahanian-Najafabadi
Background: Antirrhinum majus contains aurone with excellent antibacterial and antifungal activities. In addition, visible light activates the endogenous porphyrins of Propionibacterium acne , which results in bacterial death. Therefore, considering the above-mentioned facts, the aim of the present study was to prepare a topical herbal gel of A. majus hydroalcoholic extract and to evaluate its antiacne effects with or without blue light combination as an activator of the porphyrins. Materials and Methods: Antibacterial activity of the shoot or petal extracts was evaluated by disc diffusion method and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was calculated...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Sabrina Haroon, Andrew Davenport
Only a minority of patients with chronic kidney disease treated by hemodialysis are currently treated at home. Until relatively recently, the only type of hemodialysis machine available for these patients was a slightly smaller version of the standard machines used for in-center dialysis treatments. Areas covered: There are now an alternative generation of dialysis machines specifically designed for home hemodialysis. The home dialysis patient wants a smaller machine, which is intuitive to use, easy to trouble shoot, robust and reliable, quick to set-up and put away, requiring minimal waste disposal...
April 14, 2018: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Arbi Guetat, Abdennacer Boulila, Mohamed Boussaid
The present study describes the chemical composition of the essential oil of different plant parts of Devrra tortuosa; in vivo and in vitro biological activities of plant extract and essential oils. Apiol was found to be the major component of the oil (between 65.73% and 74.41%). The best antioxidant activities were observed for the oil of flowers (IC50 = 175 μg/ml). The samples of stems and roots exhibit lower antioxidant activity (IC50 = 201 μg/ml and 182 μg/ml, respectively). The values of IC50 showed that the extracts of methanol exhibit the highest antioxidants activities (IC50 = 64...
April 16, 2018: Natural Product Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"