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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291601/molecular-detection-of-hepatozoon-spp-in-domestic-dogs-and-wild-mammals-in-southern-pantanal-brazil-with-implications-in-the-transmission-route
#1
Keyla Carstens Marques de Sousa, Marina Pugnaghi Fernandes, Heitor Miraglia Herrera, Jyan Lucas Benevenute, Filipe Martins Santos, Fabiana Lopes Rocha, Wanessa Teixeira Gomes Barreto, Gabriel Carvalho Macedo, João Bosco Campos, Thiago Fernandes Martins, Pedro Cordeiro Estrela de Andrade Pinto, Darci Barros Battesti, Eliane Mattos Piranda, Paulo Henrique Duarte Cançado, Rosangela Zacarias Machado, Marcos Rogério André
Hepatozoon parasites comprise intracellular apicomplexan parasites transmitted to vertebrate animals by ingestion of arthropods definitive hosts. The present work aimed to investigate the occurrence of Hepatozoon spp. in wild animals, domestic dogs and their respective ectoparasites, in southern Pantanal region, central-western Brazil, by molecular techniques. Between August 2013 and March 2015, 31 coatis (Nasua nasua), 78 crab-eating foxes (Cerdocyon thous), seven ocelots (Leopardus pardalis), 42 dogs (Canis lupus familiaris), 110 wild rodents (77 Thichomys fosteri, 25 Oecomys mamorae, and 8 Clyomys laticeps), 30 marsupials (14 Thylamys macrurus, 11 Gracilinanus agilis, 4 Monodelphis domestica and 1 Didelphis albiventris), and 1582 ticks and 80 fleas collected from the sampled animals were investigated...
February 22, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203451/case-report-a-rare-cause-of-complicated-urinary-tract-infection-in-a-woman-with-herlyn-werner-wunderlich-syndrome
#2
Jun-Li Tsai, Shang-Feng Tsai
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infection is a common disease in the general population. However, in patients with frequent urinary tract infection, it is important to determine any treatable cause to avoid recurrence. CASE PRESENTATION: Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome or OHVIRA syndrome is a very rare congenital anomaly with uterus didelphys, obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. The earliest presentation of this syndrome is hematocolpos that develops during menstruation and results in dysmenorrhea and a pelvic mass shortly after menarche...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179034/hosts-and-vectors-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-discrete-typing-units-in-the-chagas-disease-endemic-region-of-the-paraguayan-chaco
#3
Nidia Acosta, Elsa López, Michael D Lewis, Martin S Llewellyn, Ana Gómez, Fabiola Román, Michael A Miles, Matthew Yeo
Active Trypanosoma cruzi transmission persists in the Gran Chaco region, which is considered hyperendemic for Chagas disease. Understanding domestic and sylvatic transmission cycles and therefore the relationship between vectors and mammalian hosts is crucial to designing and implementing improved effective control strategies. Here we describe the species of triatomine vectors and the sylvatic mammal reservoirs of T. cruzi, in different localities of the Paraguayan and Bolivian Chaco. We identify the T. cruzi genotypes discrete typing units (DTUs) and provide a map of their geographical distribution...
February 9, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118070/endometrial-cancer-with-congenital-uterine-anomalies-three-case-reports-and-a-literature-review
#4
Jinping Gao, Jintian Zhang, Wenyan Tian, Fei Teng, Huiying Zhang, Xuhong Zhang, Yingmei Wang, Fengxia Xue
Background Uterine malformation is a rare deformity in woman, and only a few cases concerning endometrial cancer arising in patients with congenital uterine anomalies have been reported. Herein, we present three cases of endometrial cancer with different congenital uterine anomalies, and review studies involving congenital uterine anomalies associated with endometrial cancer in the past 25 years, in order to identify similarities and differences in clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis between endometrial cancer associated with uterine anomalies, and normal uterus...
January 24, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089812/clinical-manifestations-and-outcomes-in-surgically-managed-gartner-duct-cysts-1
#5
Adela G Cope, Shannon Laughlin-Tommaso, Abimbola Famuyide, John B Gebhart, Matthew R Hopkins, Daniel M Breitkopf
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Gartner duct cysts (GDC) are rare embryological remnants of the mesonephric duct with the majority of cases discovered incidentally in asymptomatic patients. The largest prior published series evaluating surgical management of GDC included 4 patients. The present study aims to determine the manifestations and outcomes of surgically managed patients with GDC with important implications for surveillance, monitoring, and management of patients. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review DESIGN: Classification: Canadian Task Force Classification III SETTING: Tertiary care center PATIENTS: All women diagnosed with GDC from 1/1994-4/2014 at our institution were identified...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062902/transvaginal-excision-of-complete-vaginal-septum-with-hysterectomy-in-a-nulliparous-woman-with-uterus-didelphys
#6
Peter L Dwyer, Debjyoti Karmakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012573/fgf2-fgf3-and-fgf4-expression-pattern-during-molars-odontogenesis-in-didelphis-albiventris
#7
Íria Gabriela Dias Dos Santos, Erika Cristina Jorge, Aline Gonçalves Lio Copola, Bruno Machado Bertassoli, Alfredo Miranda de Goes, Gerluza Aparecida Borges Silva
Odontogenesis is guided by a complex signaling cascade in which several molecules, including FGF2-4, ensure all dental groups development and specificity. Most of the data on odontogenesis derives from rodents, which does not have all dental groups. Didelphis albiventris is an opossum with the closest dentition to humans, and the main odontogenesis stages occur when the newborns are in the pouch. In this study, D. albiventris postnatals were used to characterize the main stages of their molars development; and also to establish FGF2, FGF3 and FGF4 expression pattern...
March 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994261/use-of-cardiopulmonary-bypass-for-management-of-massive-air-embolism-during-hysteroscopic-metroplasty
#8
Ahmad Ali Amirghofran, Narjes Nick, Mina Amiri, Rahim Hemmati
The patient was a 32-year-old woman who presented with infertility secondary to uterine didelphys. Hysteroscopic metroplasty was chosen as the corrective surgical procedure for this anatomical defect. During the surgical repair, the patient developed a massive air embolism (MAE) leading to hypotension, arrhythmia, and cardiogenic shock. Resuscitation was started by placing the patient in the right-side up position, and emplacement of central venous catheter, but it was unsuccessful. The decision was then made to bypass the patient's cardiopulmonary system to effectively treat the MAE...
December 2016: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931926/evaluating-wildlife-cattle-contact-rates-to-improve-the-understanding-of-dynamics-of-bovine-tuberculosis-transmission-in-michigan-usa
#9
Michael J Lavelle, Shannon L Kay, Kim M Pepin, Daniel A Grear, Henry Campa, Kurt C VerCauteren
Direct and indirect contacts among individuals drive transmission of infectious disease. When multiple interacting species are susceptible to the same pathogen, risk assessment must include all potential host species. Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is an example of a disease that can be transmitted among several wildlife species and to cattle, although the potential role of several wildlife species in spillback to cattle remains unclear. To better understand the complex network of contacts and factors driving disease transmission, we fitted proximity logger collars to beef and dairy cattle (n=37), white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus; n=29), raccoon (Procyon lotor; n=53), and Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana; n=79) for 16 months in Michigan's Lower Peninsula, USA...
December 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920841/wolffian-origin-of-vagina-unfolds-the-embryopathogenesis-of-ohvira-obstructed-hemivagina-and-ipsilateral-renal-anomaly-syndrome-and-places-ohvira-as-a-female-counterpart-of-zinner-syndrome-in-males
#10
Yashant Aswani, Ravi Varma, Pradeep Choudhary, Reeta B Gupta
BACKGROUND: The classical theory of Müllerian origin of upper vagina fails to explain complex urogenital malformations like OHVIRA syndrome; the Acien's hypothesis, however, unravels the hidden embryopathogenesis. As per Acien, Wolffian (mesonephric) ducts instead of Müllerian ducts and sinovaginal bulbs, give rise to the vagina. The new hypothesis, however, retains the concept of origin of the ureters (with ureters inducing renal development) by the former and the uterus by Müllerian ducts...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915419/necrotizing-meningoencephalitis-caused-by-sarcocystis-falcatula-in-bare-faced-ibis-phimosus-infuscatus
#11
Guilherme Konradt, Matheus Viezzer Bianchi, Ronaldo Viana Leite-Filho, Bruna Zafalon da Silva, Rodrigo Martins Soares, Saulo Petinatti Pavarini, David Driemeier
The infection by S. falcatula is commonly associated with respiratory disease in captive psittacine birds, with a few case reports of this protozoan causing encephalitis in wild birds. We describe the clinical, pathological, and molecular aspects of an infection by S. falcatula in a bare-faced ibis (Phimosus infuscatus). Clinically, wing paralysis and mild motor incoordination were observed. At necropsy, the telencephalic cortex showed multifocal to coalescing yellowish soft areas. Histologically, multifocal to coalescent nonsuppurative necrotizing meningoencephalitis of telencephalic cortex, cerebellum, and brainstem was observed...
February 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812655/genotyping-of-toxoplasma-gondii-and-sarcocystis-spp-in-road-killed-wild-mammals-from-the-central-western-region-of-the-state-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#12
Virgínia Bodelão Richini-Pereira, Pâmela Merlo Marson, Rodrigo Costa da Silva, Helio Langoni
INTRODUCTION: Road-killed wild animals host zoonotic pathogens such as Toxoplasma gondii, offering a new opportunity for the epidemiological study of these infectious organisms. METHODS: This investigation aimed to determine the presence of T. gondii and other apicomplexan parasites in tissue samples of 64 road-killed wild animals, using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Positive samples were then typed by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) using 7 markers: SAG1, 5'-3'SAG2, SAG3, BTUB, c29-6, PK1, and Apico...
September 2016: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692317/lungworm-heterostrongylus-heterostrongylus-travassos-1925-from-the-black-eared-opossum-in-south-america-morphologic-histopathological-and-phylogenetic-aspects
#13
Sócrates Fraga da Costa Neto, Raquel de Oliveira Simões, Éster Maria Mota, Roberto do Val Vilela, Eduardo José Lopes Torres, Helene Santos Barbosa, Rosana Gentile, Arnaldo Maldonado Junior
Nematode parasites of the cardiopulmonary system of livestock and pet animals have been receiving attention due to the pathogenic effects they produce in the course of the infection. However, parasitism in wild animals by metastrongilid nematodes has been neglected, resulting in potential risk to wildlife. Heterostrongylus heterostrongylus is the etiological agent of bronchial pneumonia in the black-eared opossum, Didelphis aurita, a widely distributed marsupial frequently reported to inhabit areas from wild environments to peri-urban spaces...
September 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27691942/leishmania-spp-in-didelphis-spp-from-northeastern-brazil
#14
Edson Moura Silva, Leucio Câmara Alves, Neurisvan Ramos Guerra, Márcia Paula Oliveira Farias, Elton Luiz Ritir Oliveira, Ricardo César de Souza, Carneiro da Cunha, Rafael Antonio Nascimento Ramos, Wagnner José Nascimento Porto
The synanthropic behavior of marsupials of the genus Didelphis in endemic areas of leishmaniasis suggests that these animals may play an important role in the epidemiology of this infection. The aim of the present study was to detect Leishmania spp. DNA in Didelphis albiventris (white-eared opossum) and Didelphis aurita (big-eared opossum) living in forested and peridomestic areas of northeastern Brazil. Blood samples were collected from 25 animals (23 D. albiventris and 2 D. aurita ) by cardiac puncture and then analyzed via PCR...
September 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678605/total-laparoscopic-nerve-sparing-radical-hysterectomy-for-cervical-cancer-and-retossigmoidectomy-for-deep-intestinal-endometriosis-in-a-patient-with-uterus-didelphys
#15
R Ribeiro, W Kondo, Luz M A, R M Hayashi, Mtz Kondo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639266/placental-malperfusion-as-a-possible-mechanism-of-preterm-birth-in-patients-with-m%C3%A3-llerian-anomalies
#16
Jovana Lekovich, Joshua Stewart, Sarah Anderson, Erin Niemasik, Nigel Pereira, Stephen Chasen
OBJECTIVE: Müllerian anomalies are associated with increased risk of miscarriage, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and preterm birth. While a commonly implicated cause is restricted expansion of endometrial cavity, alternatively it could be due to abnormal placentation. We sought to examine clinical and histopathologic factors associated with preterm delivery in women with Müllerian anomalies. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and eleven singleton pregnancies in 85 women were analyzed retrospectively...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631688/infection-by-leishmania-spp-in-free-ranging-opossums-didelphis-albiventris-in-an-environmentally-protected-area-inhabited-by-humans-in-southeastern-brazil
#17
Laís Moraes Paiz, Maria Rita Donalisio, Virgínia Bodelão Richini-Pereira, Gabriela Motoie, Claudio Luiz Castagna, José Eduardo Tolezano
There is a growing concern about the participation of wild hosts and reservoirs in the epidemiology of leishmaniasis, particularly within the context of increasingly frequent environmental changes and the expansion of the One Health concept. This work is a molecular research of infection by Leishmania spp. among the wildlife of an environmentally protected area located in the municipality of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. The studied area has a history of intense environmental changes, with notifications of human cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the 1990s, and a focus of canine visceral leishmaniasis since 2009...
September 15, 2016: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629555/metal-accumulation-in-bobcats-in-the-southeastern-usa
#18
Rachel K Thomason, J Mitchell Lockhart, W J Loughry, Gretchen K Bielmyer-Fraser
Bobcats (Lynx rufus) are wide-ranging mammals found throughout the continental USA. As carnivores near the top of their food chain, bobcats would seem to be a useful bioindicator of metal pollution in terrestrial environments. However, there is very limited research on bobcats in toxicology studies. Here, we offer the first analysis of metal (copper, selenium, silver, and zinc) contaminants in the livers of wild bobcats. Liver tissues from 120 adult bobcats (i.e., estimated to be ≥1 year old) were collected from 2003 to 2006 at four sites in Georgia and Florida, USA that experienced relatively similar levels of human disturbance...
October 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583267/an-uncommon-case-of-sarcomatoid-urothelial-carcinoma-in-covered-bladder-exstrophy
#19
Carlo Pavone, Marco Vella, Dario Fontana, Cristina Scalici Gesolfo, Sebastiano Oieni, Francesca Toia, Adriana Cordova
We report a case of a woman affected by covered exstrophy, uterus didelphys and external genital malformation presenting with advanced bladder cancer. After neoadjuvant therapy and anterior pelvic exenteration, the abdominal wall was reconstructed with a pedicled myocutaneous muscle-sparing vastus lateralis flap.
2016: Case Reports in Plastic Surgery & Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27537367/rickettsial-infections-among-ctenocephalides-felis-and-host-animals-during-a-flea-borne-rickettsioses-outbreak-in-orange-county-california
#20
Alice N Maina, Carrie Fogarty, Laura Krueger, Kevin R Macaluso, Antony Odhiambo, Kiet Nguyen, Christina M Farris, Alison Luce-Fedrow, Stephen Bennett, Ju Jiang, Sokanary Sun, Robert F Cummings, Allen L Richards
Due to a resurgence of flea-borne rickettsioses in Orange County, California, we investigated the etiologies of rickettsial infections of Ctenocephalides felis, the predominant fleas species obtained from opossums (Didelphis virginiana) and domestic cats (Felis catus), collected from case exposure sites and other areas in Orange County. In addition, we assessed the prevalence of IgG antibodies against spotted fever group (SFGR) and typhus group (TGR) rickettsiae in opossum sera. Of the 597 flea specimens collected from opossums and cats, 37...
2016: PloS One
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