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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527250/-risk-of-transmission-of-chagas-disease-by-intrusion-of-triatomines-and-wild-mammals-in-bucaramanga-santander-colombia
#1
Marlene Reyes, Ángela Torres, Lyda Esteban, Mónica Flórez, Víctor Manuel Angulo
INTRODUCTION: Notice of triatomines in dwellings of some neighborhoods in Bucaramanga motivated the realization of this study.Objetive: To evaluate the intrusion of triatomines and mammals, as well as some risk factors in urban dwellings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Triatomines were collected in a neighborhood in Bucaramanga, Santander, on a monthly basis during one year with participation of the community. Collection included manual search in lamp posts, use of light traps, animal bait, and chemical attractants in nearby forests...
January 24, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500789/atlantic-small-mammal-a-dataset-of-communities-of-rodents-and-marsupials-of-the-atlantic-forests-of-south-america
#2
Ricardo S Bovendorp, Nacho Villar, Edson F de Abreu-Junior, Carolina Bello, André L Regolin, Alexandre R Percequillo, Mauro Galetti
The contribution of small mammal ecology to the understanding of macroecological patterns of biodiversity, population dynamics and community assembly has been hindered by the absence of large datasets of small mammal communities from tropical regions. Here we compile the largest dataset of inventories of small mammal communities for the Neotropical region. The dataset reviews small mammal communities from the Atlantic forest of South America, one of the regions with the highest diversity of small mammals and a global biodiversity hotspot, though currently covering less than 12% of its original area due to anthropogenic pressures...
May 13, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493036/life-cycle-of-amblyomma-oblongoguttatum-acari-ixodidae-under-laboratory-conditions
#3
Thiago F Martins, Hermes R Luz, João Luiz H Faccini, Marcelo B Labruna
This study evaluated for the first time the life cycle of Amblyomma oblongoguttatum in the laboratory. For this purpose, larvae and nymphs were exposed to Gallus gallus (chicks), Rattus norvegicus (wistar rat), Calomys callosus (vesper mouse), Oryctolagus cuniculus (domestic rabbit), Cavia porcellus (guinea pig), and Didelphis albiventris (white-eared opossum). Nymphs were exposed to G. gallus, C. callosus, C. porcellus, O. cuniculus, R. norvegicus, and Nectomys squamipes (water rat). Adult ticks were exposed to domestic dogs...
May 10, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469738/herlyn-werner-wunderlich-syndrome-sonographic-and-magnetic-resonance-mr-imaging-findings-of-this-rare-urogenital-anomaly
#4
Sukriye Yilmaz, Adalet Elcin Yildiz, Suat Fitoz
BACKGROUND: Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome is a rare congenital urogenital anomaly characterised by uterus didelphys with blind hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis. Children usually have progressive pelvic pain after menarche, palpable mass due to hemihaemato(metro)colpos or pelvic inflammatory disease. The diagnosis usually requires a suspicion of this rare genitourinary syndrome. CASE REPORTS: We present ultrasonography and MR imaging findings of this rare anomaly in two cases...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439388/herlyn-werner-wunderlich-syndrome-with-ureteric-remnant-abscess-managed-laparoscopically-a-case-report
#5
Aurus Dourado Meneses, Walberto Monteiro Neiva Eulálio Filho, Débora Maria Ribeiro Raulino, Eduardo Bruno Lobato Martins, Sabas Carlos Vieira
Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich (HWW) syndrome is part of a spectrum of Müllerian duct anomalies that occur during embryonic development. The syndrome is characterized by uterus didelphys, obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. Only few cases of this disease were reported worldwide. We present a 23-year-old female patient with chronic pelvic pain for years. The patient was diagnosed with HWW syndrome with a history of hematocolpos and vaginoplasty at the age of 12. Five months later, she sought urgent medical care due to intense pain, and a clinical picture suggestive of peritoneal irritation...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422973/camera-trap-arrays-improve-detection-probability-of-wildlife-investigating-study-design-considerations-using-an-empirical-dataset
#6
Kelly M O'Connor, Lucas R Nathan, Marjorie R Liberati, Morgan W Tingley, Jason C Vokoun, Tracy A G Rittenhouse
Camera trapping is a standard tool in ecological research and wildlife conservation. Study designs, particularly for small-bodied or cryptic wildlife species often attempt to boost low detection probabilities by using non-random camera placement or baited cameras, which may bias data, or incorrectly estimate detection and occupancy. We investigated the ability of non-baited, multi-camera arrays to increase detection probabilities of wildlife. Study design components were evaluated for their influence on wildlife detectability by iteratively parsing an empirical dataset (1) by different sizes of camera arrays deployed (1-10 cameras), and (2) by total season length (1-365 days)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375825/spontaneous-neoplasms-in-captive-virginia-opossums-didelphis-virginiana-a-retrospective-case-series-1989-2014-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Jenny P Pope, Robert L Donnell
This retrospective project summarizes the types of neoplasms identified in Virginia opossums ( Didelphis virginiana) presented to the University of Tennessee, College of Veterinary Medicine (UTCVM) postmortem service in 1989-2014 and serves as a review of the literature. Of the 85 Virginia opossums identified from the UTCVM case database, there were 17 diagnoses of neoplasia from 12 cases (14%). These cases included 8 females, 2 males, and 2 neutered males. All opossums with known ages (11 of 12) were >2 y old...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372843/sarcocystis-neurona-manipulation-using-culture-derived-merozoites-for-bradyzoite-and-sporocyst-production
#8
Sarah B Chaney, Antoinette E Marsh, Stephanie Lewis, Michelle Carman, Daniel K Howe, William J Saville, Stephen M Reed
Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) remains a significant central nervous system disease of horses in the American continents. Sarcocystis neurona is considered the primary causative agent and its intermediate life stages are carried by a wide host-range including raccoons (Procyon lotor) in North America. S. neurona sarcocysts mature in raccoon skeletal muscle and can produce central nervous system disease in raccoons, mirroring the clinical presentation in horses. The study aimed to develop laboratory tools whereby the life cycle and various life stages of S...
March 18, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363049/the-use-of-the-ligasure%C3%A2-device-for-scrotal-ablation-in-marsupials
#9
Lara Cusack, Daniel Cutler, Joerg Mayer
Five sugar gliders ( Petaurus breviceps ), ranging in age from 3 mo to 3.5 yr of age, and one opossum ( Didelphis virginianus ), age 4.5 mo, presented for elective orchiectomy and scrotal ablation. The LigaSure™ device was safely used for orchiectomy and scrotal ablation in both species. Surgical time with the LigaSure was approximately 4 sec. No grooming of the incision site or self-mutilation was seen in the first 72 hr postoperatively. One sugar glider required postoperative wound care approximately 10 days postoperatively following incision-site grooming by a conspecific...
March 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344607/locally-advanced-adenocarcinoma-of-the-cervix-on-uterus-didelphys-a-case-report
#10
Abel Cordoba, Alexandre Escande, Pauline Comte, Ingrid Fumagalli, Lucie Bresson, Ndaye Mubiayi, Eric Lartigau
In November 2013, a woman with Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich (HWW) syndrome was diagnosed with a locally advanced left cervical adenocarcinoma. The patient's malformation consisted of two uteri with two cervixes, a obstructed vagina, and a left renal agenesis. Classification FIGO: stage IIIa because of infiltration of the inferior third of the vagina wall. Locoregional management comprised an infrarenal lateral aortic lymphadenectomy followed by concomitant radio-chemotherapy to the pelvic (inguinal, pelvic, and infrarenal para aortic nodes) volumes...
February 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291601/molecular-detection-of-hepatozoon-spp-in-domestic-dogs-and-wild-mammals-in-southern-pantanal-brazil-with-implications-in-the-transmission-route
#11
Keyla Carstens Marques de Sousa, Marina Pugnaghi Fernandes, Heitor Miraglia Herrera, Jyan Lucas Benevenute, Filipe Martins Santos, Fabiana Lopes Rocha, Wanessa Teixeira Gomes Barreto, Gabriel Carvalho Macedo, João Bosco Campos, Thiago Fernandes Martins, Pedro Cordeiro Estrela de Andrade Pinto, Darci Barros Battesti, Eliane Mattos Piranda, Paulo Henrique Duarte Cançado, Rosangela Zacarias Machado, Marcos Rogério André
Hepatozoon parasites comprise intracellular apicomplexan parasites transmitted to vertebrate animals by ingestion of arthropods definitive hosts. The present work aimed to investigate the occurrence of Hepatozoon spp. in wild animals, domestic dogs and their respective ectoparasites, in southern Pantanal region, central-western Brazil, by molecular techniques. Between August 2013 and March 2015, 31 coatis (Nasua nasua), 78 crab-eating foxes (Cerdocyon thous), seven ocelots (Leopardus pardalis), 42 dogs (Canis lupus familiaris), 110 wild rodents (77 Thichomys fosteri, 25 Oecomys mamorae, and 8 Clyomys laticeps), 30 marsupials (14 Thylamys macrurus, 11 Gracilinanus agilis, 4 Monodelphis domestica and 1 Didelphis albiventris), and 1582 ticks and 80 fleas collected from the sampled animals were investigated...
February 22, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203451/case-report-a-rare-cause-of-complicated-urinary-tract-infection-in-a-woman-with-herlyn-werner-wunderlich-syndrome
#12
Jun-Li Tsai, Shang-Feng Tsai
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infection is a common disease in the general population. However, in patients with frequent urinary tract infection, it is important to determine any treatable cause to avoid recurrence. CASE PRESENTATION: Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome or OHVIRA syndrome is a very rare congenital anomaly with uterus didelphys, obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. The earliest presentation of this syndrome is hematocolpos that develops during menstruation and results in dysmenorrhea and a pelvic mass shortly after menarche...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179034/hosts-and-vectors-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-discrete-typing-units-in-the-chagas-disease-endemic-region-of-the-paraguayan-chaco
#13
Nidia Acosta, Elsa López, Michael D Lewis, Martin S Llewellyn, Ana Gómez, Fabiola Román, Michael A Miles, Matthew Yeo
Active Trypanosoma cruzi transmission persists in the Gran Chaco region, which is considered hyperendemic for Chagas disease. Understanding domestic and sylvatic transmission cycles and therefore the relationship between vectors and mammalian hosts is crucial to designing and implementing improved effective control strategies. Here we describe the species of triatomine vectors and the sylvatic mammal reservoirs of T. cruzi, in different localities of the Paraguayan and Bolivian Chaco. We identify the T. cruzi genotypes discrete typing units (DTUs) and provide a map of their geographical distribution...
February 9, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118070/endometrial-cancer-with-congenital-uterine-anomalies-3-case-reports-and-a-literature-review
#14
Jinping Gao, Jintian Zhang, Wenyan Tian, Fei Teng, Huiying Zhang, Xuhong Zhang, Yingmei Wang, Fengxia Xue
BACKGROUND: Uterine malformation is a rare deformity in woman, and only a few cases concerning endometrial cancer arising in patients with congenital uterine anomalies have been reported. Herein, we present 3 cases of endometrial cancer with different congenital uterine anomalies, and review studies involving congenital uterine anomalies associated with endometrial cancer in the past 25 years, to identify similarities and differences in clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis between endometrial cancer associated with uterine anomalies, and normal uterus...
March 4, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089812/clinical-manifestations-and-outcomes-in-surgically-managed-gartner-duct-cysts
#15
Adela G Cope, Shannon K Laughlin-Tommaso, Abimbola O Famuyide, John B Gebhart, Matthew R Hopkins, Daniel M Breitkopf
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Gartner duct cysts (GDCs) are rare embryological remnants of the mesonephric duct with the majority of cases discovered incidentally in asymptomatic patients. The largest prior published series evaluating the surgical management of GDCs included 4 patients. The present study aimed to determine the manifestations and outcomes of surgically managed patients with GDCs with important implications for surveillance, monitoring, and management. DESIGN: A retrospective chart review (Canadian Task Force classification III)...
March 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062902/transvaginal-excision-of-complete-vaginal-septum-with-hysterectomy-in-a-nulliparous-woman-with-uterus-didelphys
#16
Peter L Dwyer, Debjyoti Karmakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012573/fgf2-fgf3-and-fgf4-expression-pattern-during-molars-odontogenesis-in-didelphis-albiventris
#17
Íria Gabriela Dias Dos Santos, Erika Cristina Jorge, Aline Gonçalves Lio Copola, Bruno Machado Bertassoli, Alfredo Miranda de Goes, Gerluza Aparecida Borges Silva
Odontogenesis is guided by a complex signaling cascade in which several molecules, including FGF2-4, ensure all dental groups development and specificity. Most of the data on odontogenesis derives from rodents, which does not have all dental groups. Didelphis albiventris is an opossum with the closest dentition to humans, and the main odontogenesis stages occur when the newborns are in the pouch. In this study, D. albiventris postnatals were used to characterize the main stages of their molars development; and also to establish FGF2, FGF3 and FGF4 expression pattern...
March 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994261/use-of-cardiopulmonary-bypass-for-management-of-massive-air-embolism-during-hysteroscopic-metroplasty
#18
Ahmad Ali Amirghofran, Narjes Nick, Mina Amiri, Rahim Hemmati
The patient was a 32-year-old woman who presented with infertility secondary to uterine didelphys. Hysteroscopic metroplasty was chosen as the corrective surgical procedure for this anatomical defect. During the surgical repair, the patient developed a massive air embolism (MAE) leading to hypotension, arrhythmia, and cardiogenic shock. Resuscitation was started by placing the patient in the right-side up position, and emplacement of central venous catheter, but it was unsuccessful. The decision was then made to bypass the patient's cardiopulmonary system to effectively treat the MAE...
December 2016: Journal of Extra-corporeal Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931926/evaluating-wildlife-cattle-contact-rates-to-improve-the-understanding-of-dynamics-of-bovine-tuberculosis-transmission-in-michigan-usa
#19
Michael J Lavelle, Shannon L Kay, Kim M Pepin, Daniel A Grear, Henry Campa, Kurt C VerCauteren
Direct and indirect contacts among individuals drive transmission of infectious disease. When multiple interacting species are susceptible to the same pathogen, risk assessment must include all potential host species. Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is an example of a disease that can be transmitted among several wildlife species and to cattle, although the potential role of several wildlife species in spillback to cattle remains unclear. To better understand the complex network of contacts and factors driving disease transmission, we fitted proximity logger collars to beef and dairy cattle (n=37), white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus; n=29), raccoon (Procyon lotor; n=53), and Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana; n=79) for 16 months in Michigan's Lower Peninsula, USA...
December 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920841/wolffian-origin-of-vagina-unfolds-the-embryopathogenesis-of-ohvira-obstructed-hemivagina-and-ipsilateral-renal-anomaly-syndrome-and-places-ohvira-as-a-female-counterpart-of-zinner-syndrome-in-males
#20
Yashant Aswani, Ravi Varma, Pradeep Choudhary, Reeta B Gupta
BACKGROUND: The classical theory of Müllerian origin of upper vagina fails to explain complex urogenital malformations like OHVIRA syndrome; the Acien's hypothesis, however, unravels the hidden embryopathogenesis. As per Acien, Wolffian (mesonephric) ducts instead of Müllerian ducts and sinovaginal bulbs, give rise to the vagina. The new hypothesis, however, retains the concept of origin of the ureters (with ureters inducing renal development) by the former and the uterus by Müllerian ducts...
2016: Polish Journal of Radiology
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