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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352136/gphenovision-a-ground-mobile-system-with-multi-modal-imaging-for-field-based-high-throughput-phenotyping-of-cotton
#1
Yu Jiang, Changying Li, Jon S Robertson, Shangpeng Sun, Rui Xu, Andrew H Paterson
Imaging sensors can extend phenotyping capability, but they require a system to handle high-volume data. The overall goal of this study was to develop and evaluate a field-based high throughput phenotyping system accommodating high-resolution imagers. The system consisted of a high-clearance tractor and sensing and electrical systems. The sensing system was based on a distributed structure, integrating environmental sensors, real-time kinematic GPS, and multiple imaging sensors including RGB-D, thermal, and hyperspectral cameras...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342101/a-novel-methodology-for-improving-plant-pest-surveillance-in-vineyards-and-crops-using-uav-based-hyperspectral-and-spatial-data
#2
Fernando Vanegas, Dmitry Bratanov, Kevin Powell, John Weiss, Felipe Gonzalez
Recent advances in remote sensed imagery and geospatial image processing using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have enabled the rapid and ongoing development of monitoring tools for crop management and the detection/surveillance of insect pests. This paper describes a (UAV) remote sensing-based methodology to increase the efficiency of existing surveillance practices (human inspectors and insect traps) for detecting pest infestations (e.g., grape phylloxera in vineyards). The methodology uses a UAV integrated with advanced digital hyperspectral, multispectral, and RGB sensors...
January 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341774/tailoring-correlations-of-the-local-density-of-states-in-disordered-photonic-materials
#3
F Riboli, F Uccheddu, G Monaco, N Caselli, F Intonti, M Gurioli, S E Skipetrov
We present experimental evidence for the different mechanisms driving the fluctuations of the local density of states (LDOS) in disordered photonic systems. We establish a clear link between the microscopic structure of the material and the frequency correlation function of LDOS accessed by a near-field hyperspectral imaging technique. We show, in particular, that short- and long-range frequency correlations of LDOS are controlled by different physical processes (multiple or single scattering processes, respectively) that can be-to some extent-manipulated independently...
July 28, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335600/alteration-in-fluidity-of-cell-plasma-membrane-in-huntington-disease-revealed-by-spectral-phasor-analysis
#4
Sara Sameni, Leonel Malacrida, Zhiqun Tan, Michelle A Digman
Huntington disease (HD) is a late-onset genetic neurodegenerative disorder caused by expansion of cytosine-adenine-guanine (CAG) trinucleotide in the exon 1 of the gene encoding the polyglutamine (polyQ). It has been shown that protein degradation and lipid metabolism is altered in HD. In many neurodegenerative disorders, impaired lipid homeostasis is one of the early events in the disease onset. Yet, little is known about how mutant huntingtin may affect phospholipids membrane fluidity. Here, we investigated how membrane fluidity in the living cells (differentiated PC12 and HEK293 cell lines) are affected using a hyperspectral imaging of widely used probes, LAURDAN...
January 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333931/hyperspectral-imaging-of-tissue-perfusion-and-oxygenation-in-wounds-assessing-the-impact-of-a-micro-capillary-dressing
#5
Thomas Wild, Markus Becker, Jochen Winter, Nicole Schuhschenk, Georg Daeschlein, Frank Siemers
OBJECTIVE: Experimental tests of non-invasive multi- or hyperspectral imaging (HSI) systems reveal the high potential of support for medical diagnostic purposes and scientific biomedical analysis. Until now the use of HSI technologies for medical applications was limited by complex and overly sophisticated systems. We present a new and compact HSI-camera that could be used in normal clinical practice. METHOD: We assessed the use of the HSI system on the hands of 10 healthy volunteers, looking at control parameters, and those following venous occlusion, arterial occlusion and reperfusion, including tissue oxygenation, tissue haemoglobin index, perfusion in 4-6mm depth=near infrared spectroscopy (NIR), and tissue water index...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329834/heterospectral-two-dimensional-correlation-analysis-with-near-infrared-hyperspectral-imaging-for-monitoring-oxidative-damage-of-pork-myofibrils-during-frozen-storage
#6
Weiwei Cheng, Da-Wen Sun, Hongbin Pu, Qingyi Wei
Near-infrared (NIR) spectra contain abundant data, heterospectral two-dimensional correlation (H2D-CS) analysis offers a good way to interpret these data. For the first time, H2D-CS was used to correlate the NIR hyperspectral imaging (HSI) data with mid-infrared spectra and to identify feature-related wavebands for developing models for monitoring the oxidative damage of pork myofibrils during frozen storage. The HSI images were acquired at frozen state without thawing and the oxidative damage of myofibrils was assessed by carbonyl content...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328955/investigation-of-carbonates-in-the-sutter-s-mill-meteorite-grains-with-hyperspectral-infrared-imaging-micro-spectroscopy
#7
Mehmet Yesiltas
Synchrotron-based high spatial resolution hyperspectral infrared imaging technique provides thousands of infrared spectra with high resolution, thus allowing us to acquire detailed spatial maps of chemical molecular structures for many grains in short times. Utilizing this technique, thousands of infrared spectra were analyzed at once instead of inspecting each spectrum separately. Sutter's Mill meteorite is a unique carbonaceous type meteorite with highly heterogeneous chemical composition. Multiple grains from the Sutter's Mill meteorite have been studied using this technique and the presence of both hydrous and anhydrous silicate minerals have been observed...
January 6, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328216/photoacoustic-and-hyperspectral-dual-modality-endoscope
#8
Ning Liu, Sihua Yang, Da Xing
We have developed a dual-modality endoscope composed of photoacoustic (PA) and hyperspectral imaging, capable of visualizing both structural and functional properties of bio-tissue. The endoscope's composition and scanning mechanism was described, and the feasibility of the dual-modality endoscope was verified by mimic phantom experiments. Lately, we demonstrated its endoscopic workability through in vivo experiments. The experimental results showed that the proposed herein hybrid endoscope can provide optical imaging of the surface and tomography imaging for the deeper features, and a functional oxygen saturation rate map of the same imaging area...
January 1, 2018: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327915/multispectral-atomic-force-microscopy-infrared-nano-imaging-of-malaria-infected-red-blood-cells
#9
David Perez-Guaita, Kamila Kochan, Mitchell Batty, Christian Doerig, Jose Garcia-Bustos, Shirley Josefina Espinoza Herrera, Don McNaughton, Philip Heraud, Bayden R Wood
Atomic Force Microscopy-Infrared (AFM-IR) spectroscopy is a powerful new technique that can be applied to study molecular composition of cells and tissues at the nano-scale. AFM-IR maps are acquired using single wavenumber value: they show either the absorbance plotted against a single wavenumber value, or a ratio of two absorbance values. Here we implement multivariate image analysis to generate multivariate AFM-IR maps, and use this approach to resolve subcellular structural information in red blood cells infected with Plasmodium falciparum at different stages of development...
January 12, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326046/multi-tissue-partial-volume-quantification-in-multi-contrast-mri-using-an-optimised-spectral-unmixing-approach
#10
Guylaine Collewet, Saïd Moussaoui, Cécile Deligny, Tiphaine Lucas, Jérôme Idier
Multi-tissue partial volume estimation in MRI images is investigated with a viewpoint related to spectral unmixing as used in hyperspectral imaging. The main contribution of this paper is twofold. It firstly proposes a theoretical analysis of the statistical optimality conditions of the proportion estimation problem, which in the context of multi-contrast MRI data acquisition allows to appropriately set the imaging sequence parameters. Secondly, an efficient proportion quantification algorithm based on the minimisation of a penalised least-square criterion incorporating a regularity constraint on the spatial distribution of the proportions is proposed...
January 8, 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322077/near-infrared-hyperspectral-dataset-of-healthy-and-infected-apple-tree-leaves-images-for-the-early-detection-of-apple-scab-disease
#11
Maroua Nouri, Nathalie Gorretta, Pierre Vaysse, Michel Giraud, Christian Germain, Barna Keresztes, Jean-Michel Roger
This dataset presents two series of hyperspectral images of healthy and infected apple tree leaves acquired daily, from two days after inoculation until an advanced stage of infection (11 days after inoculation). The hyperspectral images were calibrated by reflection correction and registered to match the geometry of one reference image. On the last experiment day, scab positions are provided.
February 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313524/multichannel-spectrometers-in-animals
#12
Thomas Wells Cronin, Missael Garcia, Viktor Gruev
Multispectral, hyperspectral, polarimetric, and other types of multichannel imaging spectrometers are coming into common use for a variety of applications, including remote sensing, material identification, forensics, and medical diagnosis. These instruments are often bulky and intolerant of field abuse, so designing compact, reliable, portable, and robust devices is a priority. In contrast to most engineering designs, animals have been building compact and robust multichannel imaging systems for millennia - their eyes...
January 9, 2018: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310218/raman-hyperspectral-imaging-as-an-effective-and-highly-informative-tool-to-study-the-diagenetic-alteration-of-fossil-bones
#13
Gregorio Dal Sasso, Ivana Angelini, Lara Maritan, Gilberto Artioli
Retrieving the pristine chemical or isotopic composition of archaeological bones is of great interest for many studies aiming to reconstruct the past life of ancient populations (i.e. diet, mobility, palaeoenvironment, age). However, from the death of the individual onwards, bones undergo several taphonomic and diagenetic processes that cause the alteration of their microstructure and composition. A detailed study on bone diagenesis has the double purpose to assess the preservation state of archaeological bones and to understand the alteration pathways, thus providing evidence that may contribute to evaluate the reliability of the retrieved information...
March 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304512/fuzziness-based-active-learning-framework-to-enhance-hyperspectral-image-classification-performance-for-discriminative-and-generative-classifiers
#14
Muhammad Ahmad, Stanislav Protasov, Adil Mehmood Khan, Rasheed Hussain, Asad Masood Khattak, Wajahat Ali Khan
Hyperspectral image classification with a limited number of training samples without loss of accuracy is desirable, as collecting such data is often expensive and time-consuming. However, classifiers trained with limited samples usually end up with a large generalization error. To overcome the said problem, we propose a fuzziness-based active learning framework (FALF), in which we implement the idea of selecting optimal training samples to enhance generalization performance for two different kinds of classifiers, discriminative and generative (e...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300315/application-of-hyperspectral-imaging-to-detect-sclerotinia-sclerotiorum-on-oilseed-rape-stems
#15
Wenwen Kong, Chu Zhang, Weihao Huang, Fei Liu, Yong He
Hyperspectral imaging covering the spectral range of 384-1034 nm combined with chemometric methods was used to detect Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (SS) on oilseed rape stems by two sample sets (60 healthy and 60 infected stems for each set). Second derivative spectra and PCA loadings were used to select the optimal wavelengths. Discriminant models were built and compared to detect SS on oilseed rape stems, including partial least squares-discriminant analysis, radial basis function neural network, support vector machine and extreme learning machine...
January 4, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289301/exploring-hyperspectral-imaging-data-sets-with-topological-data-analysis
#16
Ludovic Duponchel
Analytical chemistry is rapidly changing. Indeed we acquire always more data in order to go ever further in the exploration of complex samples. Hyperspectral imaging has not escaped this trend. It quickly became a tool of choice for molecular characterisation of complex samples in many scientific domains. The main reason is that it simultaneously provides spectral and spatial information. As a result, chemometrics has provided many exploration tools (PCA, clustering, MCR-ALS …) well-suited for such data structure at early stage...
February 13, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289299/application-of-a-sparseness-constraint-in-multivariate-curve-resolution%C3%A2-alternating-least-squares
#17
Siewert Hugelier, Sara Piqueras, Carmen Bedia, Anna de Juan, Cyril Ruckebusch
The use of sparseness in chemometrics is a concept that has increased in popularity. The advantage is, above all, a better interpretability of the results obtained. In this work, sparseness is implemented as a constraint in multivariate curve resolution - alternating least squares (MCR-ALS), which aims at reproducing raw (mixed) data by a bilinear model of chemically meaningful profiles. In many cases, the mixed raw data analyzed are not sparse by nature, but their decomposition profiles can be, as it is the case in some instrumental responses, such as mass spectra, or in concentration profiles linked to scattered distribution maps of powdered samples in hyperspectral images...
February 13, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287354/prediction-of-banana-color-and-firmness-using-a-novel-wavelengths-selection-method-of-hyperspectral-imaging
#18
Chuanqi Xie, Bingquan Chu, Yong He
This study investigated the feasibility of using hyperspectral imaging for determining banana color (L∗, a∗ and b∗) and firmness as well as classifying ripe and unripe samples. The hyperspectral images at wavelengths 380-1023nm were acquired. Partial least squares (PLS) models were built to predict color and firmness. Two-wavelength combination method λi-λjλi+λj,λi2-λj2λi2+λj2,λiλjandλi-λj was used to identify the effective wavelengths. Based on the selected wavelengths, PLS models obtained good results with the coefficient of determination in prediction (Rp2) of 0...
April 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283225/label-free-imaging-of-nanoparticle-uptake-competition-in-single-cells-by-hyperspectral-stimulated-raman-scattering
#19
Bin Huang, Shuai Yan, Lin Xiao, Rong Ji, Liuyan Yang, Ai-Jun Miao, Ping Wang
Imaging and quantification of nanoparticles in single cells in their most natural condition are expected to facilitate the biotechnological applications of nanoparticles and allow for better assessment of their biosafety risks. However, current imaging modalities either require tedious sample preparation or only apply to nanoparticles with specific physicochemical characteristics. Here, the emerging hyperspectral stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) microscopy, as a label-free and nondestructive imaging method, is used for the first time to investigate the subcellular distribution of nanoparticles in the protozoan Tetrahymena thermophila...
December 28, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278665/hyperspectral-imaging-in-tandem-with-r-statistics-and-image-processing-for-detection-and-visualization-of-ph-in-japanese-big-sausages-under-different-storage-conditions
#20
Chao-Hui Feng, Yoshio Makino, Masatoshi Yoshimura, Dang Quoc Thuyet, Juan Francisco García-Martín
The potential of hyperspectral imaging with wavelengths of 380 to 1000 nm was used to determine the pH of cooked sausages after different storage conditions (4 °C for 1 d, 35 °C for 1, 3, and 5 d). The mean spectra of the sausages were extracted from the hyperspectral images and partial least squares regression (PLSR) model was developed to relate spectral profiles with the pH of the cooked sausages. Eleven important wavelengths were selected based on the regression coefficient values. The PLSR model established using the optimal wavelengths showed good precision being the prediction coefficient of determination (Rp2 ) 0...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Food Science
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