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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346567/effect-of-a-low-glycemic-index-mediterranean-diet-on-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-randomized-controlled-clinici-trial
#1
G Misciagna, M Del Pilar Díaz, D V Caramia, C Bonfiglio, I Franco, M R Noviello, M Chiloiro, D I Abbrescia, A Mirizzi, M Tanzi, M G Caruso, M Correale, R Reddavide, R Inguaggiato, A M Cisternino, A R Osella
INTRODUCTION: Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common form of liver disease worldwide affecting all ages and ethnic groups and it has become a consistent threat even in young people. Our aim was to estimate the effect of a Low Glycemic Index Mediterranean Diet (LGIMD) on the NAFLD score as measured by a Liver Ultrasonography (LUS). DESIGN: NUTRIzione in EPAtologia (NUTRIEPA) is a population-based Double-Blind RCT. Data were collected in 2011 and analyzed in 2013-14...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346285/effect-of-early-revascularization-on-outcomes-in-diabetic-patients-with-stable-ischemic-heart-disease-and-previous-myocardial-infarction-in-the-bypass-angioplasty-investigation-2-diabetes-trial
#2
Matthew J Chung, Eric Novak, David L Brown
BACKGROUND: Survivors of a myocardial infarction (MI) are at a considerable risk of developing further cardiovascular events, including recurrent MI, heart failure, stroke, and death. Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD) have worse outcomes than their nondiabetic counterparts, and those with previous MI may be at particularly high risk. Yet, little is known about the effect of adding early revascularization to intensive medical therapy in this high-risk group...
March 24, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345766/%C3%AE-linolenic-acid-and-exercise-training-independently-and-additively-decreases-blood-pressure-and-prevents-diastolic-dysfunction-in-obese-zucker-rats
#3
Pierre-Andre Barbeau, Tanya M Holloway, Jamie Whitfield, Brittany Baechler, Joe Quadrilatero, Luc J C van Loon, Adrian Chabowski, Graham P Holloway
While α-linolenic acid (ALA) and endurance exercise training independently attenuate hyperlipidemia-related cardiovascular derangements, there is a paucity of information pertaining to their mechanisms-of-action and efficacy when combined as a preventative therapeutic approach. Therefore, we used obese Zucker rats to investigate the independent and combined effects of these interventions on cardiovascular disease. Specifically, animals were randomly assigned to one of the following: control diet-sedentary (C-Sed), ALA supplemented-sedentary (ALA-Sed), control diet-exercise trained (C-Ex), or ALA supplemented-exercise trained (ALA-Ex)...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345729/medication-adherence-among-cardiac-patients-in-khartoum-state-sudan-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Abdelmoneim Awad, Nahid Osman, Siham Altayib
INTRODUCTION: Non-adherence to medication among cardiac patients is often the major risk factor for poor clinical outcomes, increased mortality rates and higher healthcare costs. The literature evaluating the prevalence of and reasons for non-adherence in resource-poor settings is extremely limited compared to resource-rich settings. There is a scarcity of data about medication adherence in Sudan hence this study was performed to identify prevalence, predictors and barriers of non-adherence to medication among cardiac patients in Khartoum State...
March 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345266/cross-sectional-study-of-equol-producer-status-and-cognitive-impairment-in-older-adults
#5
Michiya Igase, Keiji Igase, Yasuharu Tabara, Yasumasa Ohyagi, Katsuhiko Kohara
AIM: It is well known that consumption of isoflavones reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the effectiveness of isoflavones in preventing dementia is controversial. A number of intervention studies have produced conflicting results. One possible reason is that the ability to produce equol, a metabolite of a soy isoflavone, differs greatly in individuals. In addition to existing data, we sought to confirm whether an apparent beneficial effect in cognitive function is observed after soy consumption in equol producers compared with non-producers...
March 27, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345064/pneumocephalus-in-a-patient-with-multiple-stab-wounds
#6
Yusuf Savran, Volkan Karacam, Basak Bayram, Erdem Yaka, Nuri Karabay
Pneumocephalus is a complication of trauma to the chest and many iatrogenic interventions. It may arise due to systemic air embolism or retrograde cerebral venous air embolism which is an extremely rare complication. We report a 26-years-old female patient who presented to the Emergency Department suffering of multiple stab wounds. She was in a state of shock and after first aid and evaluation she was operated successfully. In the early postoperative period generalized tonic clonic convulsions were observed following cardiopulmonary resuscitation due to sudden cardiovascular collapse...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345013/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-to-assess-tolerance-and-efficacy-of-navy-bean-and-rice-bran-supplementation-for-lowering-cholesterol-in-children
#7
Erica C Borresen, NaNet Jenkins-Puccetti, Katie Schmitz, Dustin G Brown, Austin Pollack, Amanda Fairbanks, Melissa Wdowik, Sangeeta Rao, Tracy L Nelson, Gary Luckasen, Elizabeth P Ryan
Background: Navy beans and rice bran demonstrate efficacy to regulate serum cholesterol in hypercholesterolemic adults; however, the cardiovascular disease (CVD) protective properties of these foods in children are unknown and merit investigation. Objective: The objectives were to determine whether cooked navy bean powder (NBP) and/or heat-stabilized rice bran (RB) supplementation is tolerable, improves dietary fiber intake in children, and modulates lipid profiles. Methods: Children aged 8 to 13 years at risk for CVD due to abnormal lipids were recruited...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344738/adherence-to-exercise-prescription-and-improvements-in-the-clinical-and-vascular-health-of-african-americans
#8
Dianne M Babbitt, Amanda M Perkins, Keith M Diaz, Deborah L Feairheller, Kathleen M Sturgeon, Praveen Veerabhadrappa, Sheara T Williamson, Jan Kretzschmar, Chenyi Ling, Hojun Lee, Heather Grim, Michael D Brown
Improvements in indices of vascular health and endothelial function have been inversely associated with hypertension, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (e.g., myocardial infarction, stroke, and heart failure), renal failure, and mortality. Aerobic exercise training (AEXT) has been positively associated with improvements in clinical health values, as well as vascular health biomarkers, and endothelial function. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether measures of exercise adherence were related to clinical outcome measures and indices of vascular health subsequent to a 6-month AEXT intervention in a middle-to-older aged African American cohort...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344612/the-polish-interventional-cardiology-tavi-survey-picts-adoption-and-practice-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-poland
#9
Radosław Parma, Maciej Dąbrowski, Andrzej Ochała, Adam Witkowski, Dariusz Dudek, Zbigniew Siudak, Jacek Legutko
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have assessed the development of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in Poland since its introduction in 2008, and data on current TAVI activity or practice are missing. AIM: To assess the dynamics of TAVI adoption in Poland and to detect differences among Polish centres in TAVI practice and decision-making. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Polish Interventional Cardiology TAVI Survey (PICTS) was approved by the Polish Association of Cardiovascular Interventions and presented to all 21 national TAVI centres...
2017: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344415/percutaneous-coronary-intervention-versus-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-with-diabetic-nephropathy-and-left-main-coronary-artery-disease
#10
Hsin-Ru Li, Chiao-Po Hsu, Shih-Hsien Sung, Chun-Che Shih, Shing-Jong Lin, Wan-Leong Chan, Cheng-Hsueh Wu, Tse-Min Lu
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetic nephropathy and unprotected left main (LM) coronary artery disease suffer from high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although surgical revascularization is currently recommended in this special patient population, the optimal revascularization method for this distinct patient group has remained unclear. METHODS: We collected 99 consecutive patients with unprotected LM disease and diabetic nephropathy, including 46 patients who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and 53 who had coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), with a mean age of 72 ± 10; with 80...
March 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344216/major-bleeding-events-in-jordanian-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-pci-incidence-associated-factors-impact-on-prognosis-and-predictability-of-the-crusade-bleeding-risk-score-results-from-the-first-jordanian-pcr-pcr1
#11
Mohamad Jarrah, Ayman Hammoudeh, Osama Okkeh, Yousef Khader, Sahem Gharaibeh, Laith Nasser, Amro Rasheed, Ayed Al-Hindi, Mohammad Mohealdeen, Haneen Kharabsheh, Hanan Abunimeh, Enas Hijjih, Lina Tashman, Delia Omar, Nadeen Kufoof
OBJECTIVE: Determine the incidence of major bleeding events, their risk factors, and their impact on prognosis in Jordanian patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Evaluate the ability of the CRUSADE bleeding risk score (BRS) to predict major bleeding. METHODS: Major bleeding events were defined according to the CRUSADE classification and their incidence was evaluated from hospital admission to one year of follow up. The CRUSADE bleeding risk score was calculated for each patient during the index admission...
March 22, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344133/associated-risk-of-malignancy-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-evidence-and-possible-mechanism
#12
REVIEW
Tal Hasin, Zaza Iakobishvili, Giora Weisz
Cardiovascular disease and malignancy are leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Increased risk of malignancy was identified in patients with cardiovascular disease including patients with heart failure, heart failure after myocardial infarction, patients undergoing cardiac intervention and patients after a thrombotic event. Common risk factors and biological pathways can explain this association and are explored in the current review. Further research is needed to establish the causes of malignancy in this population and direct possible intervention...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343357/gut-microbiome-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#13
REVIEW
R G Armani, A Ramezani, A Yasir, S Sharama, M E F Canziani, D S Raj
With over 100 trillion microbial cells, the gut microbiome plays important roles in both the maintenance of health and the pathogenesis of disease. Gut microbiome dysbiosis, resulted from alteration of composition and function of the gut microbiome and disruption of gut barrier function, is commonly seen in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The dysbiotic gut microbiome generates excessive amounts of uremic toxins, and the impaired intestinal barrier permits translocation of these toxins into the systemic circulation...
April 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342058/galician-consensus-on-management-of-cardiotoxicity-in-breast-cancer-risk-factors-prevention-and-early-intervention
#14
J F Cueva, S Antolín, L Calvo, I Fernández, M Ramos, L de Paz, J G Mata, R López, M Constenla, E Pérez, A González, M L Pellón, S Varela, T López
This Galician consensus statement is a joint oncologists/cardiologists initiative indented to establish basic recommendations on how to prevent and to manage the cardiotoxicity in breast cancer with the aim of ensuring an optimal cardiovascular care of these patients. A clinical screening of the patients before treatment is recommended to stratify them into a determined risk group based on their intrinsic cardiovascular risk factors and those extrinsic arose from breast cancer therapy, thereby providing individualized preventive and monitoring measures...
March 24, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341960/relationship-between-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-chinese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-subanalysis-of-the-ccmr-3b-study
#15
Yuxin Huang, Jihu Li, Xiaolin Zhu, Jiao Sun, Linong Ji, Dayi Hu, Changyu Pan, Wen Tan, Suyuan Jiang, Xiaoming Tao
AIMS: This subanalysis of a cross-sectional, nationwide study was undertaken to assess the relationship between healthy lifestyle behaviors and multiple cardiovascular risk factors among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Data collected from 25,454 participants, including demographics, lifestyle behaviors and cardiovascular risk profiles, were analyzed. Blood pressure control as well as blood glucose and blood lipid (3Bs) levels were measured as multi-risk factors for cardiovascular disease...
March 25, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341688/global-cardiovascular-risk-assessment-in-the-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-adults-systematic-review-of-systematic-reviews
#16
Dylan R J Collins, Alice C Tompson, Igho J Onakpoya, Nia Roberts, Alison M Ward, Carl J Heneghan
OBJECTIVE: To identify, critically appraise and summarise existing systematic reviews on the impact of global cardiovascular risk assessment in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in adults. DESIGN: Systematic review of systematic reviews published between January 2005 and October 2016 in The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE or CINAHL databases, and post hoc analysis of primary trials. PARTICIPANTS, INTERVENTIONS, OUTCOMES: Systematic reviews of interventions involving global cardiovascular risk assessment relative to no formal risk assessment in adults with no history of CVD...
March 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341617/internet-delivered-health-interventions-that-work-systematic-review-of-meta-analyses-and-evaluation-of-website-availability
#17
Mary Am Rogers, Kelsey Lemmen, Rachel Kramer, Jason Mann, Vineet Chopra
BACKGROUND: Due to easy access and low cost, Internet-delivered therapies offer an attractive alternative to improving health. Although numerous websites contain health-related information, finding evidence-based programs (as demonstrated through randomized controlled trials, RCTs) can be challenging. We sought to bridge the divide between the knowledge gained from RCTs and communication of the results by conducting a global systematic review and analyzing the availability of evidence-based Internet health programs...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341542/qt-spatial-dispersion-and-sudden-cardiac-death-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-time-for-reappraisal
#18
Damiano Magrì, Caterina Santolamazza, Luca Limite, Vittoria Mastromarino, Matteo Casenghi, Paola Orlando, Erika Pagannone, Maria Beatrice Musumeci, Antonello Maruotti, Agnese Ricotta, Giada Oliviero, Gianfranco Piccirillo, Massimo Volpe, Camillo Autore
BACKGROUND: The 12-lead surface electrocardiographic (ECG) analysis is able to provide independent predictors of prognosis in several cardiovascular settings, including hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The present single-center study investigated the possible ability of several ECG-derived variables in stratifying sudden cardiac death (SCD) risk and, possibly, in improving the accuracy of the 2014 European Society of Cardiology guidelines. METHODS: A total of 221 consecutive HCM outpatients were recruited and prospectively followed...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341459/does-where-you-shop-or-who-you-are-predict-what-you-eat-the-role-of-stores-and-individual-characteristics-in-dietary-intake
#19
Christine A Vaughan, Rebecca Collins, Madhumita Ghosh-Dastidar, Robin Beckman, Tamara Dubowitz
Interventions to address diet, a modifiable risk factor for diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease, have increasingly emphasized the influence of the physical environment on diet, while more traditional approaches have focused on individual characteristics. We examined environmental and individual influences on diet to understand the role of both. Household interviews were conducted in 2011 with 1372 individuals randomly selected from two low-income, predominantly African American neighborhoods in Pittsburgh, PA...
March 22, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341221/a-systematic-review-of-obesity-disparities-research
#20
REVIEW
Charlotte A Pratt, Catherine M Loria, Sonia S Arteaga, Holly L Nicastro, Maria Lopez-Class, Janet M de Jesus, Pothur Srinivas, Christine Maric-Bilkan, Lisa Schwartz Longacre, Josephine E A Boyington, Abera Wouhib, Nara Gavini
CONTEXT: A review of interventions addressing obesity disparities could reveal gaps in the literature and provide guidance on future research, particularly for populations with a high prevalence of obesity and obesity-related cardiometabolic risk. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review of clinical trials in obesity disparities research that were published in 2011-2016 in PubMed/MEDLINE resulted in 328 peer-reviewed articles. Articles were excluded if they had no BMI, weight, or body composition measure as primary outcome or were foreign (n=201); were epidemiologic or secondary data analyses of clinical trials (n=12); design or protocol papers (n=54); systematic reviews (n=3); or retracted or duplicates (n=9)...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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