Read by QxMD icon Read


Marta Martínez-Calle, Bárbara Olmeda, Paul Dietl, Manfred Frick, Jesús Pérez-Gil
The release of pulmonary surfactant by alveolar type II (ATII) cells is essential for lowering surface tension at the respiratory air-liquid interface, stabilizing the lungs against physical forces tending to alveolar collapse. Hydrophobic surfactant protein (SP)-B ensures the proper packing of newly synthesized surfactant particles, promotes the formation of the surface active film at the alveolar air-liquid interface and maintains its proper structure along the respiratory dynamics. We report that membrane-associated SP-B efficiently induces secretion of pulmonary surfactant by ATII cells, at the same level as potent secretagogues such as ATP...
March 15, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Alex Veith, Bhagavatula Moorthy
The cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes are a diverse group of heme monooxygenases that, through the course of their reaction cycle, contribute to cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). CYP enzymes play a crucial role in human physiology and are involved in drug and xenobiotic metabolism as well as biosynthesis of endogenous molecules and are expressed throughout the human body. However, during the course of the CYP catalytic cycle, ROS can be generated through uncoupling of the enzymatic cycle. ROS is known to modify endogenous molecules, included lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids, which can lead to cell damage and death and contribute to disease development...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Toxicology
Marília Gonçalves Cattelan, Yara Paula de Oliveira Nishiyama, Tânia Maria Vinturim Gonçalves, Alexandre Rodrigo Coelho
There is a broad research interest in the search for alternatives to chemical additives for use as natural food preservatives. Although many natural compounds have biological in vitro properties evidenced, in situ studies are still scarce. This study evaluated the effect of oregano essential oil (OEO) and salt (NaCl) concentrations against Escherichia coli (ATCC 8739), in salad dressing, using the response surface methodology. The experiment included a 22 central composite rotatable design (CCRD) in a total of 11 formulations of salad dressings...
August 2018: Food Microbiology
Xue-Na Zheng, Jun Yang, Tao Xie, Bin Guo, Zhi-Qiang Xie, Li-Na Xie, Xue-Fen Wu, Gang-Zhu Hu, Mai-Lan Liu, Zeng-Hui Yue
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of herbal cake-separated moxibustion on blood lipid-apoprotein levels and the expression of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR 2), TLR 4 and nuclear factor kappa B(NF-κB) mRNAs in atherosclerotic (AS) vulnerable plaques of hyperglycemia rabbits, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improvement of atherosclerosis. METHODS: Sixty New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into 5 groups: control, model, direct moxibustion, herbal-cake-separated moxibustion and medication groups( n =12 rabbits in each group)...
February 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Joana Maia, Sergio Caja, Maria Carolina Strano Moraes, Nuno Couto, Bruno Costa-Silva
Tumors are not isolated entities, but complex systemic networks involving cell-cell communication between transformed and non-transformed cells. The milieu created by tumor-associated cells may either support or halt tumor progression. In addition to cell-cell contact, cells communicate through secreted factors via a highly complex system involving characteristics such as ligand concentration, receptor expression and integration of diverse signaling pathways. Of these, extracellular vesicles, such as exosomes, are emerging as novel cell-cell communication mediators in physiological and pathological scenarios...
2018: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
Nicolas Cerusico, Juan P Aybar, Silvana Lopez, Silvia G Molina, Romina Chavez Jara, Maria Eugenia Sesto Cabral, Juan C Valdez, Aida Ben Altabef, Alberto N Ramos
Chronic venous leg ulcer (CVLU) arises as a chronic venous insufficiency complication and is a major cause of morbidity throughout the world. Our hypothesis is that the CVLU exudate composition is a biochemical representation of the wound clinical state. Then, Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy could be a useful and less-invasive technique to study the clinical state of the ulcer. For this, the aim of this work was to perform a spectral characterization of the exudate from CVLU using FTIR spectroscopy to identify potential healing markers...
March 7, 2018: Analyst
Giovanna Scapin, Venkata P Dandey, Zhening Zhang, Winifred Prosise, Alan Hruza, Theresa Kelly, Todd Mayhood, Corey Strickland, Clinton S Potter, Bridget Carragher
The insulin receptor (IR) is a dimeric protein that plays a crucial role in controlling glucose homeostasis, regulating lipid, protein and carbohydrate metabolism, and modulating brain neurotransmitter levels1,2 . IR dysfunction has been associated with many diseases, including diabetes, cancer, and Alzheimer's disease1,2,4 . The primary sequence has been known since the 1980s5 , and is composed of an extracellular portion (ectodomain, ECD), a single transmembrane helix and an intracellular tyrosine kinase domain...
February 28, 2018: Nature
John W Patrick, Christopher D Boone, Wen Liu, Gloria M Conover, Yang Liu, Xiao Cong, Arthur Laganowsky
Membrane proteins interact with a myriad of lipid species in the biological membrane, leading to a bewildering number of possible protein-lipid assemblies. Despite this inherent complexity, the identification of specific protein-lipid interactions and the crucial role of lipids in the folding, structure, and function of membrane proteins is emerging from an increasing number of reports. Fundamental questions remain, however, regarding the ability of specific lipid binding events to membrane proteins to alter remote binding sites for lipids of a different type, a property referred to as allostery [Monod J, Wyman J, Changeux JP (1965) J Mol Biol 12:88-118]...
March 5, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Jaimee A Domville, John E Baenziger
The mechanisms underlying lipid-sensing by membrane proteins is of considerable biological importance. A unifying mechanistic question is how a change in structure at the lipid-protein interface is translated through the transmembrane domain to influence structures critical to protein function. Gating of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) is sensitive to its lipid environment. To understand how changes at the lipid-protein interface influence gating, we examined how a mutation at position 418 on the lipid-facing surface of the outer most M4 transmembrane α-helix alters the energetic couplings between M4 and the remainder of the transmembrane domain...
March 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ryo Maeda, Takeshi Sato, Kenji Okamoto, Masataka Yanagawa, Yasushi Sako
Transmembrane (TM) helix and juxtamembrane (JM) domains (TM-JM) bridge the extracellular and intracellular domains of single-pass membrane proteins, including epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). TM-JM dimerization plays a crucial role in regulation of EGFR kinase activity at the cytoplasmic side. Although the interaction of JM with membrane lipids is thought to be important to turn on EGF signaling, and phosphorylation of Thr654 on JM leads to desensitization, the underlying kinetic mechanisms remain unclear...
February 27, 2018: Biophysical Journal
Laura-Marie Winterstein, Kerri Kukovetz, Oliver Rauh, Daniel L Turman, Christian Braun, Anna Moroni, Indra Schroeder, Gerhard Thiel
Recent studies have shown that membrane proteins can be efficiently synthesized in vitro before spontaneously inserting into soluble nanoscale lipid bilayers called nanodiscs (NDs). In this paper, we present experimental details that allow a combination of in vitro translation of ion channels into commercially available NDs followed by their direct reconstitution from these nanobilayers into standard bilayer setups for electrophysiological characterization. We present data showing that two model K+ channels, Kcv and KcsA, as well as a recently discovered dual-topology F- channel, Fluc, can be reliably reconstituted from different types of NDs into bilayers without contamination from the in vitro translation cocktail...
February 27, 2018: Journal of General Physiology
Muhammad Naveed, Jannat BiBi, Asghar Ali Kamboh, Imran Suheryani, Ihsanullah Kakar, Sarfaraz Ali Fazlani, Xia FangFang, Shahmir Ali Kalhoro, Liang Yunjuan, Mohib Ullah Kakar, Mohamed E Abd El-Hack, Ahmed E Noreldin, Shi Zhixiang, Chen LiXia, Zhou XiaoHui
Medicinal plants are essential parts of traditional medicine due to their phytochemical constituents having pharmacological values and therapeutic applications. Black tea have thousands of various biological compounds such as flavonoids (Thearubigins (TRs) and theaflavins (TFs) and catechins), amino acids (L.theanine), vitamins (A, C, K), phenolic acids (caffeic acid (CA), gallic acid (GA), chlorogenic acids (CGA) and cauramic acid), lipids, proteins, volatile compounds carbohydrates, β-carotene and fluoride that illustrated many promising pharmacological effects regarded as growth promoter, cardioprotector, potent cholesterol-lowering effect, antioxidant and antimicrobial, etc inhuman...
February 23, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Vassilis L Tzounakas, Federica Gevi, Hara T Georgatzakou, Lello Zolla, Issidora S Papassideri, Anastasios G Kriebardis, Sara Rinalducci, Marianna H Antonelou
Objective: Transfusion of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) helps in maintaining the coagulation parameters in patients with acquired multiple coagulation factor deficiencies and severe bleeding. However, along with coagulation factors and procoagulant extracellular vesicles (EVs), numerous bioactive and probably donor-related factors (metabolites, oxidized components, etc.) are also carried to the recipient. The X-linked glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PD- ), the most common human enzyme genetic defect, mainly affects males...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
Stella M Lu, Gregory D Fairn
The plasma membrane is compartmentalized into several distinct regions or domains, which show a broad diversity in both size and lifetime. The segregation of lipids and membrane proteins is thought to be driven by the lipid composition itself, lipid-protein interactions and diffusional barriers. With regards to the lipid composition, the immiscibility of certain classes of lipids underlies the "lipid raft" concept of plasmalemmal compartmentalization. Historically, lipid rafts have been described as cholesterol and (glyco)sphingolipid-rich regions of the plasma membrane that exist as a liquid-ordered phase that are resistant to extraction with non-ionic detergents...
February 18, 2018: Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Nuno Bastos, Sónia A Melo
Exosomes are a cell-to-cell communication system that transports information to neighbor and/or distant cells. Their content is composed of lipids, proteins, RNAs, and DNA. The role of exosomes released by cancer cells in disease progression has been widely studied. Here, we report a detailed protocol to quantify precursor microRNAs and mature microRNAs overtime in exosomes of cancer cells. Those precursor microRNAs that are packaged together with RISC proteins will get further processed in the exosomes overtime and an accumulation of the mature form of the microRNAs will occur...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Tânia Gomes, You Song, Dag A Brede, Li Xie, Kristine B Gutzkow, Brit Salbu, Knut Erik Tollefsen
Among aquatic organisms, invertebrate species such as the freshwater crustacean Daphnia magna are believed to be sensitive to gamma radiation, although information on responses at the individual, biochemical and molecular level is scarce. Following gamma radiation exposure, biological effects are attributed to the formation of free radicals, formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and subsequently oxidative damage to lipids, proteins and DNA in exposed organisms. Thus, in the present study, effects and modes of action (MoA) have been investigated in D...
February 9, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Hyun-Wook Kim, Ji-Han Kim, Jin-Kyu Seo, Derico Setyabrata, Yuan H Brad Kim
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of aging/freezing sequence and freezing rate on quality attributes and oxidative stability of frozen/thawed pork loins (M. longissimus lumborum, n = 6). Six treatments were prepared by combining 3 aging/freezing sequences (FT, freezing/thawing only; AFT, aging prior to freezing/thawing; and FTA, freezing/thawing and aging) with 2 freezing rates (slow- and fast-freezing). The lowest purge/thaw loss and drip loss were found for AFT, in which fast-freezing reduced total exudate loss (P < 0...
January 31, 2018: Meat Science
Raphael Weber, Andrea Schwendener, Sandra Schmid, Savoyane Lambert, Erin Wiley, Simon M Landhäusser, Henrik Hartmann, Günter Hoch
The usage of nonstructural carbohydrates (NSCs) to indicate carbon (C) limitation in trees requires knowledge of the minimum tissue NSC concentrations at lethal C starvation, and the NSC dynamics during and after severe C limitation. We completely darkened and subsequently released seedlings of two deciduous and two evergreen temperate tree species for varying periods. NSCs were measured in all major organs, allowing assessment of whole-seedling NSC balances. NSCs decreased fast in darkness, but seedlings survived species-specific whole-seedling starch concentrations as low as 0...
February 9, 2018: New Phytologist
Artur D Surowka, Agata Ziomber, Mateusz Czyzycki, Alessandro Migliori, Kaja Kasper, Magdalena Szczerbowska-Boruchowska
Recent studies highlight that obesity may alter the electric activity in brain areas triggering appetite and craving. Transcranial direct current brain stimulation (tDCS) has recently emerged as a safe alternative for treating food addiction via modulating cortical excitability without any high-risk surgical procedure to be utilized. As for anodal-type tDCS (atDCS), we observe increased excitability and spontaneous firing of the cortical neurons, whilst for the cathodal-type tDCS (ctDCS) a significant decrease is induced...
April 15, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Minhyoung Lee, Gregory D Fairn
Oxysterol-binding protein-related proteins are implicated in the sensing and transporting lipids at the membrane contact sites. One of the members of the mammalian ORP family, ORP8, is thought to transport lipids through directly tethering both ER and PM membranes. Targeting to PM is thought to be mediated by N-terminal pleckstrin homology [1] domain via binding to phosphoinositides. Sequence alignments and NMR structural determination revealed that the PH domain of ORP8 is atypical and contains an insertion of 20 amino acids in an unstructured loop region that may potentially block interactions with ligands...
January 31, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"