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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775509/exploring-the-growth-trajectory-of-cultural-competence-in-taiwanese-paediatric-nurses
#1
Chiu-I Chen, Mei-Chih Huang
AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore the evolution of cultural competence in Taiwanese paediatric nurses. BACKGROUND: Because transnational marriage has become a social phenomenon in Taiwan, the proportion of newborns of new immigrant mothers accounts for 8-10% of total births every year. Since family-centered care is the core value of paediatric nursing, it is necessary to teach caregivers how to take care of hospitalized children and perform related nursing care as well as to determine what difficulties nurses will encounter when they care for patients from diverse cultures and to find solutions for these problems...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775466/perception-of-aesthetics-and-personality-traits-in-orthognathic-surgery-patients-a-comparison-of-still-and-moving-images
#2
Klaus Sinko, Ulrich S Tran, Arno Wutzl, Rudolf Seemann, Gabriele Millesi, Reinhold Jagsch
It is common in practicing orthognathic surgery to evaluate faces with retruded or protruded chins (dysgnathic faces) using photographs. Because motion may alter how the face is perceived, we investigated the perception of faces presented via photographs and videos. Two hundred naïve raters (lay persons, without maxillo facial surgery background) evaluated 12 subjects with varying chin anatomy [so-called skeletal Class I (normal chin), Class II (retruded chin), and Class III (protruded chin)]. Starting from eight traits, with Factor analysis we found a two-Factor solution, i...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774007/the-influence-of-sexual-orientation-on-the-perceived-fit-of-male-applicants-for-both-male-and-female-typed-jobs
#3
Heather M Clarke, Kara A Arnold
Research demonstrates the bias faced by individuals engaged in occupations that are perceived as inconsistent with their gender. The lack of fit model and role congruity theory explain how gender stereotypes give rise to the perception that an individual lacks the attributes necessary to be successful in a gender-incongruent job. Men employed in jobs traditionally held by women are perceived as wimpy and undeserving of respect. The majority of studies in this area have, however, failed to account for the sexual orientation of the individual being rated...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772818/integrated-method-for-personal-thermal-comfort-assessment-and-optimization-through-users-feedback-iot-and-machine-learning-a-case-study-%C3%A2
#4
Francesco Salamone, Lorenzo Belussi, Cristian Currò, Ludovico Danza, Matteo Ghellere, Giulia Guazzi, Bruno Lenzi, Valentino Megale, Italo Meroni
Thermal comfort has become a topic issue in building performance assessment as well as energy efficiency. Three methods are mainly recognized for its assessment. Two of them based on standardized methodologies, face the problem by considering the indoor environment in steady-state conditions (PMV and PPD) and users as active subjects whose thermal perception is influenced by outdoor climatic conditions (adaptive approach). The latter method is the starting point to investigate thermal comfort from an overall perspective by considering endogenous variables besides the traditional physical and environmental ones...
May 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771842/perceived-esthetic-outcomes-of-face-transplantation-a-survey-of-the-general-public
#5
Alessandra E Cabrera, Laura L Kimberly, Rami S Kantar, Elisa K Atamian, Amit K Manjunath, Lauren K Rangel, Michelle W McQuinn, J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Eduardo D Rodriguez
Facial transplantation (FT) has attracted the interest of individuals with facial disfigurement as a path to social reintegration. The perception among face transplant recipients and the reconstructive surgery community appears to be that superior functional and esthetic outcomes can be obtained with FT compared to autologous reconstruction (AR). Although lifelong immunosuppression adds well-known risks to FT, its benefits have proven difficult to quantify, especially because of its non-life-saving nature. Evidence that the general public perceives facial allograft recipients as less disfigured than AR patients may dramatically alter the currently accepted risk/benefit ratio of this novel procedure...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771545/hemispheric-asymmetries-in-categorical-facial-expression-perception
#6
D Michael Burt, Markus Hausmann
Although many sensory phenomena vary continuously, humans tend to divide them into discrete categories with facial expressions being divided into categories such as happy, sad, anger, and fear. A critical effect of category use is categorical perception: same sized physical differences are better perceived if the difference occurs between two categories rather than within the same category. Here we investigate the lateralization of categorical perception of facial expressions. Categorical perception of facial expressions may be lateralized to the right hemisphere due to the intimacy of basic, possibly universal and innate, prototypical facial expression categories and face processing which is predominantly lateralized to the right hemisphere...
May 17, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770980/what-can-we-learn-from-the-public-s-understanding-of-drug-information-and-safety-a-population-survey
#7
Esther Salgueiro, Cristina Gurruchaga, Francisco J Jimeno, Cristina Martínez-Múgica, Luis H Martín Arias, Gloria Manso
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to analyse the perceptions of the public on medicine information and safety and on consumer reporting of suspected adverse drug reactions (ADR). METHODS: A voluntary survey was conducted in a population ≥18 years of age in Asturias, a region in northern Spain. The survey was designed to be completed in a face-to-face street interview or completed independently by the public. The survey consisted of structured questions organised in four sections: (1) demographic data, (2) use of medicines, (3) reading and understanding of the patient information leaflet (PIL) and (4) awareness and perception about consumer reporting of ADR...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770944/analysis-of-pastoralists-perception-on-challenges-and-opportunities-for-sheep-and-goat-production-in-northern-kenya
#8
Mohamed Haji Abdilatif, Joshua Orungo Onono, Florence Kanini Mutua
Small ruminants' production contributes to livelihood of pastoral communities, but this faces myriad constraints. This study aimed at identifying challenges facing producers of small ruminants, prioritizing diseases and their control measures and documenting opportunities for improvement. Sixteen focus group discussions with livestock owners and 13 key informant interviews were done in selected areas in Mandera County, Northern Kenya, and both quantitative and qualitative data collected using a questionnaire guide...
May 16, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770184/human-body-odour-composites-are-not-perceived-more-positively-than-the-individual-samples
#9
Jitka Fialová, Agnieszka Sorokowska, S Craig Roberts, Lydie Kubicová, Jan Havlíček
It is well established that composite facial images are perceived as more attractive compared with individual images, suggesting a preference for heterozygosity. Similarly, there is evidence that preferences for body odours might be linked to heterozygosity. Here, we tested whether blending individual body odours into composites would follow a similar pattern as observed in the perception of faces. We collected axillary odour samples from 38 individuals, which were subsequently assessed individually and as composites of two ( N  = 19) or four ( N  = 9) body odours regarding their pleasantness, attractiveness and intensity...
May 2018: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769803/gender-dysphoria-assessment-and-action-for-youth-review-of-health-care-services-and-experiences-of-trans-youth-in-manitoba
#10
Jack Heard, Amanda Morris, Nicole Kirouac, Jennifer Ducharme, Simon Trepel, Brandy Wicklow
Objectives: To describe the paediatric transgender population accessing health care through the Manitoba Gender Dysphoria Assessment and Action for Youth (GDAAY) program, and report youth's experiences accessing health care in Manitoba. Methods: Demographic, medical, surgical and mental health information was extracted from the medical records of youth referred to the GDAAY program (n=174). A 77-item online survey was conducted with a subset of those youth (n=25) to identify common health care experiences and perceptions of trans youth in Manitoba...
May 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769188/sturge-weber-syndrome-associated-glaucoma-and-intraocular-osseous-metaplasia-a-unique-complicated-case
#11
Dmytro Pavlenko, Tetiana Scovpen, Oksana Vitovska
A 30-year-old European man was admitted to our centre complaining about severe pain of the right eye (OD) and right part of the face, redness and no vision of the OD. He had an 18-year history of secondary to Sturge-Weber syndrome glaucoma, 6-month history of red eye and 1-week history of pain in OD. The best-corrected visual acuity was no light perception OD and 20/20 OS. Intraocular pressure was 36 mm Hg OD. Examination revealed endophthalmitis, Sturge-Weber syndrome-associated glaucoma and complicated cataract of OD...
May 16, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767619/metrics-to-assess-injury-prevention-programs-for-young-workers-in-high-risk-occupations-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature
#12
Smith Jennifer, Birinder Praneet Purewal, Alison Macpherson, Ian Pike
INTRODUCTION: Despite legal protections for young workers in Canada, youth aged 15-24 are at high risk of traumatic occupational injury. While many injury prevention initiatives targeting young workers exist, the challenge faced by youth advocates and employers is deciding what aspect(s) of prevention will be the most effective focus for their efforts. A review of the academic and grey literatures was undertaken to compile the metrics-both the indicators being evaluated and the methods of measurement-commonly used to assess injury prevention programs for young workers...
May 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765346/auditory-emotion-word-primes-influence-emotional-face-categorization-in-children-and-adults-but-not-vice-versa
#13
Michael Vesker, Daniela Bahn, Christina Kauschke, Monika Tschense, Franziska Degé, Gudrun Schwarzer
In order to assess how the perception of audible speech and facial expressions influence one another for the perception of emotions, and how this influence might change over the course of development, we conducted two cross-modal priming experiments with three age groups of children (6-, 9-, and 12-years old), as well as college-aged adults. In Experiment 1, 74 children and 24 adult participants were tasked with categorizing photographs of emotional faces as positive or negative as quickly as possible after being primed with emotion words presented via audio in valence-congruent and valence-incongruent trials...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764639/web-based-versus-face-to-face-interprofessional-team-encounters-with-standardized-patients
#14
Kelly A Lempicki, Christine S Holland
BACKGROUND: Challenges exist in developing interprofessional education (IPE) activities including coordinating schedules and obtaining appropriate space for teams to work. Virtual worlds have been explored as a means to overcome some of these challenges. We sought to develop a web-based interprofessional team interaction with a standardized patient (SP), as compared to a face-to-face SP interaction, focusing on the competency area of interprofessional communication. INTERPROFESSIONAL EDUCATION ACTIVITY: Interprofessional teams of students were randomized to complete a web-based or face-to-face SP encounter...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764332/visual-perception-strategies-of-foil-fencers-facing-right-versus-left-handed-opponents
#15
Mateusz Witkowski, Maciej Tomczak, Michał Bronikowski, Ewa Tomczak, Michał Marciniak, Zbigniew Borysiuk
This study sought to determine differences in fencers' visual perceptions during duels (preparatory actions) with right- versus left-handed opponents. Participants were 12 top-ranking right-handed female foil fencers (aged 16-30 years, M = 20.86, SD = 4.76) taking part in a training camp. Testing employed SensoMotoric Instruments Eye Tracking Glasses (SMI ETG 2.0) with eye-tracking analyses covering the visual attention time devoted to various areas of the opposing fencer's body (areas of interest), average fixation, number of glances, and number of fixations during preparatory actions in duels...
June 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764305/pregnancy-experiences-of-women-in-rural-romania-understanding-ethnic-and-socioeconomic-disparities
#16
Katherine LeMasters, Anne Baber Wallis, Razvan Chereches, Margaret Gichane, Ciprian Tehei, Andreea Varga, Katherine Tumlinson
Women in rural Romania face significant health disadvantages. This qualitative pilot study describes the structural disadvantage experienced during pregnancy by women in rural Romania, focusing on the lived experiences of Roma women. We explore how women in rural communities experience pregnancy, their interactions with the healthcare system, and the role that ethnic and social factors play in pregnancy and childbearing. We conducted 42 semi-structured interviews with health and other professionals, seven narrative interviews with Roma and non-Roma women and a focus group with Roma women...
May 15, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763443/understanding-how-patients-perceive-physician-wellness-and-its-links-to-patient-care-a-qualitative-study
#17
Jane B Lemaire, Darby Ewashina, Alicia J Polachek, Jaya Dixit, Verna Yiu
Despite increased interest in physician wellness, little is known about patients' views on the topic. We explore patients' perceptions of physician wellness and how it links to patient care. This exploratory, qualitative study employed semi-structured interviews with a convenience sample of 20 patients from outpatient care settings in a western Canadian city. Using inductive thematic analysis, interview transcripts were independently coded by two authors and then discussed to ensure consensus and to abstract into higher-level themes...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762982/the-role-and-experiences-of-advanced-nurse-practitioners-working-in-out-of-hours-urgent-care-services-in-a-primary-care-setting
#18
Jacci Yuill
GPs' workload has increased significantly in recent years affecting their ability to provide high-quality services, and consequently there is increasing focus on nurses to provide a solution. There is little evidence of how advanced nurse practitioners (ANPs) experience their role in out of hours (OOH) services, and it is important to understand their perceptions of this and the challenges they may face in supporting service development and improvement. This article evaluates the role and experiences of ANPs working in an OOH urgent primary care service and identifies important factors that affect their roles...
May 15, 2018: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760865/the-uphill-battle-of-performing-education-scholarship-barriers-educators-and-education-researchers-face
#19
Jaime Jordan, Wendy C Coates, Samuel Clarke, Daniel Runde, Emilie Fowlkes, Jaqueline Kurth, Lalena Yarris
Introduction: Educators and education researchers report that their scholarship is limited by lack of time, funding, mentorship, expertise, and reward. This study aims to evaluate these groups' perceptions regarding barriers to scholarship and potential strategies for success. Methods: Core emergency medicine (EM) educators and education researchers completed an online survey consisting of multiple-choice, 10-point Likert scale, and free-response items in 2015. Descriptive statistics were reported...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756976/-dietary-diversity-in-women-who-live-in-food-insecurity-settings-in-mexico-beneficiaries-of-a-food-support-program
#20
María Del Carmen Morales Ruán, Danae Gabriela Valenzuela Bravo, Alejandra Jiménez Aguilar, Lucía Cuevas Nasu, Ignacio Méndez Gómez Humarán, Teresa Shamah Levy
INTRODUCTION: food diversity is an approximation of diet quality. In Mexico, the Food Support Program (PAL, by its acronym in Spanish) grants support to families facing food poverty, in form of cash (PAL EFECTIVO) or through monetary transfers on a card intended exclusively for the purchase of food (PAL SIN-HAMBRE), seeking to improve their food diversity. OBJECTIVE: to compare the dietary diversity in women beneficiaries of both schemes and their association with the level of food insecurity (FI) at household level...
February 16, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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