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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145485/adolescents-perception-of-parental-feeding-practices-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-comprehensive-feeding-practices-questionnaire-for-brazilian-adolescents-the-cfpq-teen
#1
Ângela Bein Piccoli, Lucas Neiva-Silva, Clarisse Pereira Mosmann, Dara Musher-Eizenman, Lucia C Pellanda
BACKGROUND: Parental feeding practices may play a key role in dietary habits and nutritional status of adolescents, but research from adolescents' point of view on this topic is scarce. OBJECTIVE: To adapt and validate an instrument of parental feeding practices as perceived by adolescents in a Brazilian setting. METHODS: The Comprehensive Feeding Practices Questionnaire was translated into Portuguese and adapted to be answered by adolescents (ages 12 to 18)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145178/minor-hemisphere-major-syndromes
#2
Antonio Carota, Julien Bogousslavsky
A right "minor hemisphere" does not exist as the right hemisphere is dominant for awareness (nosognosia), spatial attention, emotional regulation, facial and voice expressions, visual recognition, and topographical orientation. Without the right hemisphere, the world would be flat, deprived of general and spatial attentions, pointing preferentially to the right side of the space, lacking visual experiences and emotions, exhibiting diminished awareness of the self and environment. Clinical-related syndromes of the right hemisphere are unilateral spatial neglect, object and face visual agnosia, the anosognosia for hemiparesis and/or hemianopia, misidentification syndromes, mania, and other obsessions for the food and the body...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144977/birthplace-in-australia-processes-and-interactions-during-the-intrapartum-transfer-of-women-from-planned-homebirth-to-hospital
#3
Deborah Fox, Athena Sheehan, Caroline Homer
OBJECTIVE: the aim of the study was to explore the views and experiences of women, midwives and obstetricians on the intrapartum transfer of women from planned homebirth to hospital in Australia. DESIGN: a Constructivist Grounded Theory approach was taken, to conceptualise the social interactions and processes grounded in the data. SETTING: urban and regional areas in four states of south-eastern Australia. PARTICIPANTS: semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 36 women, midwives and obstetricians who had experienced an intrapartum homebirth transfer within three years prior to the interview...
November 2, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144960/cervical-cancer-screening-experiences-among-chinese-american-immigrant-women-in-the-united-states
#4
Jin Young Seo, Junxin Li, Kun Li
OBJECTIVE: To understand the experiences and perceptions of having cervical cancer screening tests and to explore the extant barriers to having the tests among first-generation Chinese American women in the United States. DESIGN: Qualitative, descriptive, phenomenological research. SETTING: Los Angeles, California. PARTICIPANTS: Snowball and purposive sampling of 12 Chinese American immigrant women ages 20 to 65 years...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142866/inferior-alveolar-nerve-cutting-legal-liability-versus-desired-patient-outcomes
#5
Soung Min Kim, Jong Ho Lee
Objectives: Mandibular angle reduction or reduction genioplasty is a routine well-known facial contouring surgery that reduces the width of the lower face resulting in an oval shaped face. During the intraoral resection of the mandibular angle or chin using an oscillating saw, unexpected peripheral nerve damage including inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) damage could occur. This study analyzed cases of damaged IANs during facial contouring surgery, and asked what the basic standard of care in these medical litigation-involved cases should be...
October 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141619/seasonal-influenza-vaccination-of-healthcare-workers-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#6
Theo Lorenc, David Marshall, Kath Wright, Katy Sutcliffe, Amanda Sowden
BACKGROUND: Most countries recommend that healthcare workers (HCWs) are vaccinated seasonally against influenza in order to protect themselves and patients. However, in many cases coverage remains low. A range of strategies have been implemented to increase uptake. Qualitative evidence can help in understanding the context of interventions, including why interventions may fail to achieve the desired effect. This study aimed to synthesise evidence on HCWs' perceptions and experiences of vaccination for seasonal influenza...
November 15, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141085/the-contribution-of-foveal-and-peripheral-visual-information-to-ensemble-representation-of-face-race
#7
Wonmo Jung, Isabelle Bülthoff, Regine G M Armann
The brain can only attend to a fraction of all the information that is entering the visual system at any given moment. One way of overcoming the so-called bottleneck of selective attention (e.g., J. M. Wolfe, Võ, Evans, & Greene, 2011) is to make use of redundant visual information and extract summarized statistical information of the whole visual scene. Such ensemble representation occurs for low-level features of textures or simple objects, but it has also been reported for complex high-level properties...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140527/functional-organization-of-face-processing-in-the-human-superior-temporal-sulcus-a-7t-high-resolution-fmri-study
#8
Anne-Kathrin Schobert, Corrado Corradi-Dell'Acqua, Sascha Frühholz, Wietske van der Zwaag, Patrik Vuilleumier
The superior temporal sulcus (STS) is a major component of the human face perception network, implicated in processing dynamic changeable aspects of faces. However, it remains unknown whether STS holds functionally segregated subdivisions for different categories of facial movements. We used high-resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) at 7T in 16 volunteers to compare STS activation to faces displaying angry or happy expressions, eye-gaze shifts, and lip-speech movements. Combining univariate and multivariate analyses, we show a systematic topological organization within STS, with gaze-related activity predominating in the most posterior and superior sector, speech-related activity in the anterior sector, and emotional expressions represented in the intermediate middle STS...
November 11, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137990/affective-blindsight-in-the-absence-of-input-from-face-processing-regions-in-occipital-temporal-cortex
#9
Christopher L Striemer, Robert L Whitwell, Melvyn A Goodale
Previous research suggests that the implicit recognition of emotional expressions may be carried out by pathways that bypass primary visual cortex (V1) and project to the amygdala. Some of the strongest evidence supporting this claim comes from case studies of "affective blindsight" in which patients with V1 damage can correctly guess whether an unseen face was depicting a fearful or happy expression. In the current study, we report a new case of affective blindsight in patient MC who is cortically blind following extensive bilateral lesions to V1, as well as face and object processing regions in her ventral visual stream...
November 11, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136515/associations-between-feelings-of-social-anxiety-and-emotion-perception
#10
Spencer K Lynn, Eric Bui, Susanne S Hoeppner, Emily B O'Day, Sophie A Palitz, Lisa Feldman Barrett, Naomi M Simon
BACKGROUND: Abnormally biased perceptual judgment is a feature of many psychiatric disorders. Thus, individuals with social anxiety disorder are biased to recall or interpret social events negatively. Cognitive behavioral therapy addresses such bias by teaching patients, via verbal instruction, to become aware of and change pathological misjudgment. The present study examined whether targeting verbal instruction to specific decision parameters that influence perceptual judgment may affect changes in anger perception...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136272/are-you-ready-crisis-leadership-in-a-hyper-vuca-environment
#11
Khaldoon H Alkhaldi, Meredith L Austin, Boris A Cura, Darrell Dantzler, Leslie Holland, David L Maples, Jamie C Quarrelles, Robert K Weinkle, Leonard J Marcus
The current hyper-volatile, -uncertain, -complex, and -ambiguous (VUCA) threat environment demands a more cohesive support structure for crisis leaders who may be faced with crises of increasing magnitude and frequency and, in some instances, multiple crisis events simultaneously. The project team investigates the perceptions of crisis leaders regarding establishing a crisis leader advisor position for crisis leaders to benefit from their experience while prosecuting crisis response activities. The team linked hyper-VUCA crises, crisis response frameworks, meta-leadership, crisis leader attributes, and advisor attributes...
April 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136017/practices-in-security-and-confidentiality-of-hiv-aids-patients-information-a-national-survey-among-staff-at-hiv-outpatient-clinics-in-vietnam
#12
Nguyen Khac Hai, Saranath Lawpoolsri, Podjanee Jittamala, Phan Thi Thu Huong, Jaranit Kaewkungwal
INTRODUCTION: Breach of confidentiality or invasion of privacy from the collection and use of medical records, particularly those of patients with HIV/AIDS or other diseases sensitive to stigmatization, should be prevented by all related stakeholders in healthcare settings. The main focus of this study was to assess practices regarding security and confidentiality of HIV-related information among staff at HIV outpatient clinics (HIV-OPCs) in Vietnam. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at all 312 HIV-OPCs across the country using an online survey technique...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134281/anticipating-cognitive-effort-roles-of-perceived-error-likelihood-and-time-demands
#13
Timothy L Dunn, Michael Inzlicht, Evan F Risko
Why are some actions evaluated as effortful? In the present set of experiments we address this question by examining individuals' perception of effort when faced with a trade-off between two putative cognitive costs: how much time a task takes vs. how error-prone it is. Specifically, we were interested in whether individuals anticipate engaging in a small amount of hard work (i.e., low time requirement, but high error-likelihood) vs. a large amount of easy work (i.e., high time requirement, but low error-likelihood) as being more effortful...
November 13, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133515/-rather-one-more-chemo-than-one-less%C3%A2-oncologists-and-oncology-nurses-reasons-for-aggressive-treatment-of-young-adults-with-advanced-cancer
#14
Katsiaryna Laryionava, Pia Heußner, Wolfgang Hiddemann, Eva C Winkler
BACKGROUND: Empirical research demonstrates that there is a tendency to administer tumor-directed therapy to patients with advanced cancer close to death, especially if they are young. The aim of this qualitative study was to understand oncologists' treatment decisions and oncology nurses' perception of these decisions in young adult patients and to investigate the extent to which young age was a factor in cancer treatment decisions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted 29 face-to-face interviews with oncologists and oncology nurses at the Department of Hematology and Oncology at the University Hospital in Munich, Germany...
November 13, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133383/structured-education-programme-for-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Hamidreza Mani, Yogini Chudasama, Michelle Hadjiconstantinou, Daniel H Bodicoat, Charlotte Edwardson, Miles Levy, Laura J Gray, Janette Barnett, Heather Daly, Trevor A Howlett, Kamlesh Khunti, Melanie J Davies
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a structured education programmes in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: Single centre, randomised controlled trial, testing a single exposure to a group-based, face-to-face, structured education programme. Inclusion criteria were women with PCOS, aged 18-49 years inclusive and Body Mass Index ≥ 23 kg/m2 for Black and Minority Ethnicities or ≥ 25 kg/m2 for White Europeans. Primary outcome was step count/day at 12 months...
November 13, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133333/barriers-and-facilitators-to-orthopaedic-surgeons-uptake-of-decision-aids-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-qualitative-study
#16
Samantha Bunzli, Elizabeth Nelson, Anthony Scott, Simon French, Peter Choong, Michelle Dowsey
OBJECTIVES: The demand for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is increasing. Differentiating who will derive a clinically meaningful improvement from TKA from others is a key challenge for orthopaedic surgeons. Decision aids can help surgeons select appropriate candidates for surgery, but their uptake has been low. The aim of this study was to explore the barriers and facilitators to decision aid uptake among orthopaedic surgeons. DESIGN: A qualitative study involving face-to-face interviews...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132280/mixed-results-the-protective-role-of-schooling-in-the-hiv-epidemic-in-swaziland
#17
Alan Whiteside, Andriana Vinnitchok, Tengetile Dlamini, Khanya Mabuza
Swaziland has the highest HIV prevalence in the world. It is recognised that young women, especially adolescents, are particularly vulnerable to HIV infection and bear a disproportionate burden of HIV incidence. The HIV data from Swaziland show the location of the epidemic, which is particularly high among adolescent girls and young women. This paper is based on research in Swaziland, commissioned because of the perception that large numbers of children were dropping out of the school. It was assumed that these "dropouts" had increased risk of HIV exposure...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132004/how-are-perceptions-associated-with-water-consumption-in-canadian-inuit-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-rigolet-labrador
#18
Carlee J Wright, Jan M Sargeant, Victoria L Edge, James D Ford, Khosrow Farahbakhsh, Inez Shiwak, Charlie Flowers, Allan C Gordon, Sherilee L Harper
Concerns regarding the safety and aesthetic qualities of one's municipal drinking water supply are important factors influencing drinking water perceptions and consumption patterns (i.e. sources used and daily volume of consumption). In northern Canada, Inuit communities face challenges with drinking water quality, and many Inuit have reported concerns regarding the safety of their drinking water. The objectives of this research were to describe perceptions of municipal tap water, examine use of water sources and changes following the installation of a potable water dispensing unit (PWDU) in 2014, and identify factors associated with water consumption in the Inuit community of Rigolet...
November 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131968/development-of-body-emotion-perception-in-infancy-from-discrimination-to-recognition
#19
Alison Heck, Alyson Chroust, Hannah White, Rachel Jubran, Ramesh S Bhatt
Research suggests that infants progress from discrimination to recognition of emotions in faces during the first half year of life. It is unknown whether the perception of emotions from bodies develops in a similar manner. In the current study, when presented with happy and angry body videos and voices, 5-month-olds looked longer at the matching video when they were presented upright but not when they were inverted. In contrast, 3.5-month-olds failed to match even with upright videos. Thus, 5-month-olds but not 3...
November 10, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130607/qualitative-experiences-of-disengagement-in-assertive-outreach-teams-in-particular-for-black-men-clinicians-perspectives
#20
Chris Wagstaff, Hermine Graham, Richard Salkeld
INTRODUCTIO: Engagement with services is often poor amongst people with severe mental health problems, yet key to improving clinical outcomes. AIMS: This study explores the perception of clinicians on patients with severe mental health problems, in particular the experiences of black men, who disengage from mental health services. METHOD: Two focus groups twelve, mainly white, experienced clinicians in the UK were recruited. Transcripts were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis...
November 12, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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