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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334614/perceptions-of-exercise-screening-among-older-adults
#1
Liza Stathokostas, Andrea F M Petrella, Wendy Blunt, Robert J Petrella
BACKGROUND: Pre-physical activity screening is important for older adults' participating in physical activity. Unfortunately, many older adults face barriers to exercise participation and thus, may not complete proper physical activity screening. The purpose of this project was to conduct a thematic analysis of perceptions and experiences of community-dwelling older adults regarding pre-physical activity screening (i.e., Get Active Questionnaire (GAQ) and a standardized exercise stress test)...
January 15, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334475/abandonment-of-assistive-products-assessing-abandonment-levels-and-factors-that-impact-on-it
#2
André T Sugawara, Vinícius D Ramos, Fábio M Alfieri, Linamara R Battistella
PURPOSE: To investigate the levels and factors that influence the abandonment of assistive products by users of a local reference rehabilitation center. METHODS: This observational study involved users who received services and assistive products provided by our center of rehabilitation. Users were identified using the records of the center and their responses about the abandonment were collected through face-to-face interviews. RESULTS: The abandonment level of assistive products was 19...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334226/ethnic-youth-and-sexual-identity-the-role-of-clinical-and-social-support-for-double-minorities
#3
Nicole Wong, David B Menkes
OBJECTIVES: Sexual-minority youth exhibit increased rates of psychiatric morbidity, subject to various social factors. We examine the impact of ethnicity and culture on these phenomena, with particular reference to Asian youth living in Western societies. CONCLUSIONS: Youth from minority ethnic groups who do not identify with their native gender and/or who are not exclusively heterosexual are known as 'double minorities'. Available evidence suggests that such individuals are at particularly increased risk of depression and suicide, but that this may be mitigated by social support...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333668/a-photonumeric-scale-for-the-assessment-of-atrophic-facial-photodamage
#4
J Ayer, A Ahmed, E Duncan-Parry, P Beck, T W Griffiths, R E B Watson, C E M Griffiths
BACKGROUND: Photonumeric scales have consistently shown superiority over descriptive equivalents. They have the advantage of providing a consistent visual frame of reference by minimising variability in perception and subjectivity. A photonumeric scale to assess hypertrophic facial photodamage already exists. However, there is currently no objective measure for atrophic facial photodamage. To address this, we have devised a nine-point photonumeric standardised scale. OBJECTIVES: To design, test and validate a photonumeric scale for the assessment of atrophic facial photodamage against a descriptive scale for the same indication...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333602/children-s-perceptions-of-economic-groups-in-a-context-of-limited-access-to-opportunities
#5
Laura Elenbaas, Melanie Killen
Children (N = 267, ages 8-14 years, M = 11.61 years, middle to upper-middle income) made predictions regarding groups of same-aged peers from high-wealth and low-wealth backgrounds. The context involved granting access to a special opportunity. From middle childhood to early adolescence children increasingly expected both high- and low-wealth groups to want access to opportunities for their own group. However, children viewed high-wealth groups as motivated in part by selfishness and low-wealth groups as concerned in part with broader economic inequality...
January 15, 2018: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332145/the-experiences-and-beliefs-of-older-people-in-scottish-very-sheltered-housing-about-using-multi-compartment-compliance-aids
#6
Derek Stewart, Kathrine Gibson Smith, Joan MacLeod, Alison Strath, Vibhu Paudyal, Katrina Forbes-McKay, Scott Cunningham, Katie MacLure
Background Multi-compartment compliance aids (MCAs) are promoted as a potential solution to medicines non-adherence despite the absence of high quality evidence of effectiveness of MCA use impacting medicines adherence or any clinical outcomes. Furthermore, there is a lack of qualitative research which focuses on the perspectives of older people receiving MCAs. Objectives To describe experiences and beliefs surrounding very sheltered housing (VSH) residents' use of MCAs with emphasis on issues of personalisation, reablement, shared decision-making, independence and support...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331708/depression-increases-subjective-stigma-of-chronic-pain
#7
Nida Naushad, Laura B Dunn, Ricardo F Muñoz, Yan Leykin
BACKGROUND: Individuals suffering from mental as well as physical conditions often face stigma, which can adversely affect functioning, treatment seeking, and emotional health. We compared levels of stigma experienced by individuals with depression and/or chronic pain, to contrast the perception of stigma experienced by the sufferers with that of individuals who have never experienced these conditions, and to determine whether depression is related to greater experience of stigma for chronic pain...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329530/design-and-evaluation-of-a-mobile-application-to-assist-the-self-monitoring-of-the-chronic-kidney-disease-in-developing-countries
#8
Alvaro Sobrinho, Leandro Dias da Silva, Angelo Perkusich, Maria Eliete Pinheiro, Paulo Cunha
BACKGROUND: The chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide critical problem, especially in developing countries. CKD patients usually begin their treatment in advanced stages, which requires dialysis and kidney transplantation, and consequently, affects mortality rates. This issue is faced by a mobile health (mHealth) application (app) that aims to assist the early diagnosis and self-monitoring of the disease progression. METHODS: A user-centered design (UCD) approach involving health professionals (nurse and nephrologists) and target users guided the development process of the app between 2012 and 2016...
January 12, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329375/heterogeneous-redistribution-of-facial-subcategory-information-within-and-outside-the-face-selective-domain-in-primate-inferior-temporal-cortex
#9
Naohisa Miyakawa, Kei Majima, Hirohito Sawahata, Keisuke Kawasaki, Takeshi Matsuo, Naoki Kotake, Takafumi Suzuki, Yukiyasu Kamitani, Isao Hasegawa
The inferior temporal cortex (ITC) contains neurons selective to multiple levels of visual categories. However, the mechanisms by which these neurons collectively construct hierarchical category percepts remain unclear. By comparing decoding accuracy with simultaneously acquired electrocorticogram (ECoG), local field potentials (LFPs), and multi-unit activity in the macaque ITC, we show that low-frequency LFPs/ECoG in the early evoked visual response phase contain sufficient coarse category (e.g., face) information, which is homogeneous and enhanced by spatial summation of up to several millimeters...
January 10, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327351/negotiating-inter-professional-interaction-playing-the-general-practitioner-pharmacist-game
#10
Fay Bradley, Darren M Ashcroft, Nick Crossley
Despite a mutual interest in optimising the benefits of medication for patients, the general practitioner (GP) and community pharmacist (CP) often work in isolation from one another, both physically and figuratively. Sources of tension include pharmacy's 'shopkeeper' image, traditional medical hierarchies and potential encroachment on professional boundaries. This article examines GP and CP perceptions of their interactions and negotiations and, drawing on the works of Stein and Goffman, identifies a set of 'unwritten' rules, termed the 'GP-pharmacist game', which involves the concept of 'face-work'...
January 12, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325934/direct-perception-vs-inferential-processes-in-reading-an-opponent-s-mind-the-case-of-a-goalkeeper-facing-a-soccer-penalty-kick-comment-on-seeing-mental-states-an-experimental-strategy-for-measuring-the-observability-of-other-minds-by-cristina-becchio-et-al
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324567/electronic-health-record-implementation-findings-at-a-large-suburban-health-and-human-services-department
#12
Kenyon Crowley, Anubhuti Mishra, Raul Cruz-Cano, Robert Gold, Dushanka Kleinman, Ritu Agarwal
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate an electronic health record (EHR) implementation across a large public health department to better understand and improve implementation effectiveness of EHRs in public health departments. DESIGN: A survey based on Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research constructs was administered to staff before and after implementation of an EHR. SETTING: Large suburban county department of health and human services that provides clinical, behavioral, social, and oral health services...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324520/vergence-responses-to-face-stimuli-in-young-children
#13
Flavia L Esposito, Hans Supèr
In line with a possible role of vergence in orienting visual attention, we sought to study this eye movement in young children to provide insights on face perception. For this purpose, we measured the modulation in the angle of eye vergence in a sample of 39 children aged 6-36 months and compared it when presenting static human face images versus their scrambled version. We observed enhanced vergence responses to faces compared with scrambled images. Our data suggest a role of eye vergence in face processing...
January 10, 2018: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322495/doing-better-or-worse-than-one-s-parents-social-status-mobility-and-performance-avoidance-goals
#14
Mickaël Jury, Alisée Bruno, Céline Darnon
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that, when succeeding in higher education, first-generation (FG) students endorse more performance-avoidance goals (i.e., the fear of performing poorly) than continuing-generation (CG) students. AIMS: In this study, individual mobility is examined as a predictor of performance-avoidance goal endorsement. It is argued that FG students endorse more these goals than CG students because in higher education, the former (but not the latter) experience upward mobility...
January 11, 2018: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321533/increased-heart-rate-after-exercise-facilitates-the-processing-of-fearful-but-not-disgusted-faces
#15
G Pezzulo, P Iodice, L Barca, P Chausse, S Monceau, M Mermillod
Embodied theories of emotion assume that emotional processing is grounded in bodily and affective processes. Accordingly, the perception of an emotion re-enacts congruent sensory and affective states; and conversely, bodily states congruent with a specific emotion facilitate emotional processing. This study tests whether the ability to process facial expressions (faces having a neutral expression, expressing fear, or disgust) can be influenced by making the participants' body state congruent with the expressed emotion (e...
January 10, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321249/facing-each-other-mammal-mothers-and-infants-prefer-the-position-favouring-right-hemisphere-processing
#16
Andrey Giljov, Karina Karenina, Yegor Malashichev
The right hemisphere plays a crucial role in social processing. Human mothers show a robust left cradling/holding bias providing greater right-hemispheric involvement in the exchange of social information between mother and infant. Here, we demonstrate that a similar bias is evident in face-to-face spatial interactions in marine and terrestrial non-primate mammals. Walruses and Indian flying foxes showed a significant population-level preference for the position which facilitates the use of the left visual field in both mother and infant...
January 2018: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319476/canmeds-scholars-a-national-survey-on-urology-residents-attitudes-towards-research-during-training
#17
Ogi Solaja, Thomas A A Skinner, Thomas B Mcgregor, D Robert Siemens
INTRODUCTION: Participation in scholarly activity is an important tenet of residency training and is firmly entrenched in Canada since the introduction of CANMEDS roles by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons. As Canadian residency programs transition to competency-based training, it will remain important to understand how to best implement and encourage scholarly pursuits among resident trainees. The objective of this study was to understand the experiences, attitudes, and barriers that surgical residents face when pursuing research during their training...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318386/the-effect-of-dental-treatment-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescents
#18
Bruna Brondani, Bruno Emmanuelli, Luana Severo Alves, Carlos José Soares, Thiago Machado Ardenghi
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to assess the effect of dental treatment on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of adolescents from a city in South Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This longitudinal study included 129 adolescents aged 10 to 15 years who received dental caries treatment in a university clinic in Santa Maria, Brazil. The OHRQoL was measured using the Brazilian version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire for children aged 11 to 14 years (CPQ11-14)...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316983/urogenital-schistosomiasis-in-cabo-delgado-northern-mozambique-baseline-findings-from-the-score-study
#19
Anna E Phillips, Pedro H Gazzinelli-Guimarães, Herminio O Aurelio, Neerav Dhanani, Josefo Ferro, Rassul Nala, Arminder Deol, Alan Fenwick
BACKGROUND: The results presented here are part of a five-year cluster-randomised intervention trial that was implemented to understand how best to gain and sustain control of schistosomiasis through different preventive chemotherapy strategies. This paper presents baseline data that were collected in ten districts of Cabo Delgado province, northern Mozambique, before treatment. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 19,039 individuals was sampled from 144 villages from May to September 2011...
January 10, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316648/effects-of-early-neglect-experience-on-recognition-and-processing-of-facial-expressions-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Victoria Doretto, Sandra Scivoletto
Background: Child neglect is highly prevalent and associated with a series of biological and social consequences. Early neglect may alter the recognition of emotional faces, but its precise impact remains unclear. We aim to review and analyze data from recent literature about recognition and processing of facial expressions in individuals with history of childhood neglect. Methods: We conducted a systematic review using PubMed, PsycINFO, ScIELO and EMBASE databases in the search of studies for the past 10 years...
January 6, 2018: Brain Sciences
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