keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Face perception

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913556/how-does-age-related-macular-degeneration-affect-real-world-visual-ability-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review
#1
Deanna J Taylor, Angharad E Hobby, Alison M Binns, David P Crabb
OBJECTIVES: To review systematically the evidence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) affecting real-world visual ability and quality of life (QoL). To explore trends in specific topics within this body of the literature. DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: A systematic literature search was carried out using MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, PsychARTICLES and Health and Psychosocial Instruments for articles published up to January 2015 for studies including people diagnosed with AMD, assessing real-world visual ability or QoL as an outcome...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911890/perceptions-of-family-nurse-practitioner-clinical-preceptors-about-usefulness-of-onsite-clinical-site-visits
#2
Ragan Johnson, Tara O'Brien, Stacy Emerson, Laura Reed
Clinical site visits are important for evaluating graduate nursing students' clinical success. This descriptive study surveyed family nurse practitioner preceptors' perceptions of modalities for conducting site visits. Results indicated that preceptors believe faculty should make at least 1 face-to-face site visit to observe a student during the semester. No preference for telephone or mobile technology for conducting site visits was identified. The study provides important considerations when designing guidelines for faculty site visits...
January 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909027/perceived-challenges-in-primary-literature-in-a-master-s-class-effects-of-experience-and-instruction
#3
Richard Lie, Christopher Abdullah, Wenliang He, Ella Tour
Primary literature offers rich opportunities to teach students how to "think like a scientist," but the challenges students face when they attempt to read research articles are not well understood. Here, we present an analysis of what master's students perceive as the most challenging aspects of engaging with primary literature. We examined 69 pairs of pre- and postcourse responses from students enrolled in a master's-level course that offered a structured analysis of primary literature. On the basis of these responses, we identified six categories of challenges...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909005/repetition-suppression-and-memory-for-faces-is-reduced-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-conditions
#4
Michael P Ewbank, Philip J Pell, Thomas E Powell, Elisabeth A H von dem Hagen, Simon Baron-Cohen, Andrew J Calder
Autism spectrum conditions (ASC) are associated with a number of atypicalities in face processing, including difficulties in face memory. However, the neural mechanisms underlying this difficulty are unclear. In neurotypical individuals, repeated presentation of the same face is associated with a reduction in activity, known as repetition suppression (RS), in the fusiform face area (FFA). However, to date, no studies have investigated RS to faces in individuals with ASC, or the relationship between RS and face memory...
November 30, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909003/the-cytoarchitecture-of-domain-specific-regions-in-human-high-level-visual-cortex
#5
Kevin S Weiner, Michael A Barnett, Simon Lorenz, Julian Caspers, Anthony Stigliani, Katrin Amunts, Karl Zilles, Bruce Fischl, Kalanit Grill-Spector
A fundamental hypothesis in neuroscience proposes that underlying cellular architecture (cytoarchitecture) contributes to the functionality of a brain area. However, this hypothesis has not been tested in human ventral temporal cortex (VTC) that contains domain-specific regions causally involved in perception. To fill this gap in knowledge, we used cortex-based alignment to register functional regions from living participants to cytoarchitectonic areas in ex vivo brains. This novel approach reveals 3 findings...
November 30, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908052/visual-tactile-integration-in-speech-perception-evidence-for-modality-neutral-speech-primitives
#6
Katie Bicevskis, Donald Derrick, Bryan Gick
Audio-visual [McGurk and MacDonald (1976). Nature 264, 746-748] and audio-tactile [Gick and Derrick (2009). Nature 462(7272), 502-504] speech stimuli enhance speech perception over audio stimuli alone. In addition, multimodal speech stimuli form an asymmetric window of integration that is consistent with the relative speeds of the various signals [Munhall, Gribble, Sacco, and Ward (1996). Percept. Psychophys. 58(3), 351-362; Gick, Ikegami, and Derrick (2010). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 128(5), EL342-EL346]. In this experiment, participants were presented video of faces producing /pa/ and /ba/ syllables, both alone and with air puffs occurring synchronously and at different timings up to 300 ms before and after the stop release...
November 2016: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906518/functional-development-of-the-brain-s-face-processing-system
#7
REVIEW
Frank Haist, Gizelle Anzures
In the first 20 years of life, the human brain undergoes tremendous growth in size, weight, and synaptic connectedness. Over the same time period, a person achieves remarkable transformations in perception, thought, and behavior. One important area of development is face processing ability, or the ability to quickly and accurately extract extensive information about a person's identity, emotional state, attractiveness, intention, and numerous other types of information that are crucial to everyday social interaction and communication...
December 1, 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905932/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-instrument-clinical-learning-environment-and-supervision-for-medical-students-in-primary-health-care
#8
Eva Öhman, Hassan Alinaghizadeh, Päivi Kaila, Håkan Hult, Gunnar H Nilsson, Helena Salminen
BACKGROUND: Clinical learning takes place in complex socio-cultural environments that are workplaces for the staff and learning places for the students. In the clinical context, the students learn by active participation and in interaction with the rest of the community at the workplace. Clinical learning occurs outside the university, therefore is it important for both the university and the student that the student is given opportunities to evaluate the clinical placements with an instrument that allows evaluation from many perspectives...
December 1, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904232/inter-professional-practices-of-private-sector-physiotherapists-for-low-back-pain-management-who-how-and-when
#9
Kadija Perreault, Clermont E Dionne, Michel Rossignol, Stéphane Poitras, Diane Morin
Purpose: Although there have been increasing demands for health care providers to take part in inter-professional practices in recent years, very little attention has been paid to the actualization of such practices in the private sector. This study describes private-sector physiotherapists' inter-professional practices regarding low back pain (LBP) management and identifies organizational and provider-level variables associated with the intensity of such practices. Method: A total of 327 randomly selected physiotherapists were surveyed in the province of Quebec...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903005/vanishing-point-attracts-gaze-in-free-viewing-and-visual-search-tasks
#10
Ali Borji, Mengyang Feng, Huchuan Lu
Several structural scene cues such as gist, layout, horizontal line, openness, and depth have been shown to guide scene perception (e.g., Oliva & Torralba, 2001); Ross & Oliva, 2009). Here, to investigate whether vanishing point (VP) plays a significant role in gaze guidance, we ran two experiments. In the first one, we recorded fixations of 10 observers (six male, four female; mean age 22; SD = 0.84) freely viewing 532 images, out of which 319 had a VP (shuffled presentation; each image for 4 s). We found that the average number of fixations at a local region (80 × 80 pixels) centered at the VP is significantly higher than the average fixations at random locations (t test; n = 319; p < 0...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894609/what-is-the-problem-with-medically-unexplained-symptoms-for-gps-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#11
REVIEW
May-Lill Johansen, Mette Bech Risor
OBJECTIVE: To gain a deeper understanding of challenges faced by GPs when managing patients with MUS. METHODS: We used meta-ethnography to synthesize qualitative studies on GPs' perception and management of MUS. RESULTS: The problem with MUS for GPs is the epistemological incongruence between dominant disease models and the reality of meeting patients suffering from persistent illness. GPs have used flexible approaches to manage the situation, yet patients and doctors have had parallel negative experiences of being stuck, untrustworthy and helpless...
November 21, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894349/-when-i-saw-walking-i-just-kind-of-took-it-as-wheeling-interpretations-of-mobility-related-items-in-generic-preference-based-health-state-instruments-in-the-context-of-spinal-cord-injury
#12
Yvonne Anne Michel, Lidia Engel, Kim Rand-Hendriksen, Liv Ariane Augestad, David Gt Whitehurst
BACKGROUND: In health economic analyses, health states are typically valued using instruments with few items per dimension. Due to the generic (and often reductionist) nature of such instruments, certain groups of respondents may experience challenges in describing their health state. This study is concerned with generic, preference-based health state instruments that provide information for decisions about the allocation of resources in health care. Unlike physical measurement instruments, preference-based health state instruments provide health state values that are dependent on how respondents interpret the items...
November 28, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894029/college-student-marijuana-involvement-perceptions-use-and-consequences-across-11-college-campuses
#13
Matthew R Pearson, Bruce S Liese, Robert D Dvorak
BACKGROUND: Marijuana is currently the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States, and with the movement toward legalization of recreational marijuana, the country faces numerous issues regarding policy, prevention, and treatment of marijuana use. The present study examines the prevalence of marijuana use and consequences and compares users and non-users on a wide range of other marijuana-related constructs among college students across 11 universities. METHOD: Participants included 8141 college students recruited from the psychology department participant pools of 11 universities throughout the US, including four major regions of the US (West, South, Midwest, Northeast) and states with varying policies regarding the legality of marijuana use...
October 31, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893497/nurse-managers-speak-out-about-disruptive-nurse-to-nurse-relationships
#14
Linda Weaver Moore, Cynthia Sublett, Cathy Leahy
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to explore nurse managers' (NMs') perceptions regarding disruptive nurse-to-nurse relationships. BACKGROUND: Nurse managers play a pivotal role in creating and sustaining healthy practice environments. They must understand how to recognize and confront disruptive nurse relationships that can threaten the health of their units. METHODS: A qualitative study design using researcher-participant interviews of 13 NMs from 5 institutions provided data regarding NMs' views on nurse relationships...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893266/assessing-civilian-perceptions-of-combat-veterans-an-iat-study
#15
Cade Schreger, Matthew Kimble
Objective: Evidence suggests that civilians may have considerable ambivalence to returning veterans. While civilians are frequently grateful for the service of military personnel, they can often be wary of the mental health and stability of returning veterans. If civilians do hold such negative biases toward veterans, whether implicit or explicit, this may have a significant impact on the ability of military personnel to integrate back into society. The goal of the study was to test whether participants held an implicit bias of mental instability toward veterans...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892977/societal-value-of-surgery-for-facial-reanimation
#16
Peiyi Su, Lisa E Ishii, Andrew Joseph, Jason Nellis, Jacob Dey, Kristin Bater, Patrick J Byrne, Kofi D O Boahene, Masaru Ishii
Importance: Patients with facial paralysis are perceived negatively by society in a number of domains. Society's perception of the health utility of varying degrees of facial paralysis and the value society places on reconstructive surgery for facial reanimation need to be quantified. Objective: To measure health state utility of varying degrees of facial paralysis, willingness to pay (WTP) for a repair, and the subsequent value of facial reanimation surgery as perceived by society...
November 17, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891819/autism-and-emotional-face-viewing
#17
Jakob Åsberg Johnels, Daniel Hovey, Nicole Zürcher, Loyse Hippolyte, Eric Lemonnier, Christopher Gillberg, Nouchine Hadjikhani
Atypical patterns of face-scanning in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may contribute to difficulties in social interactions, but there is little agreement regarding what exactly characterizes face-viewing in ASD. In addition, little research has examined how face-viewing is modulated by the emotional expression of the stimuli, in individuals with or without ASD. We used eye-tracking to explore viewing patterns during perception of dynamic emotional facial expressions in relatively large groups of individuals with (n = 57) and without ASD (n = 58) and examined diagnostic- and age-related effects, after subgrouping children and adolescents (≤18 years), on the one hand, and adults (>18 years), on the other...
November 28, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891432/perceived-hiv-related-stigma-among-patients-attending-art-center-of-a-tertiary-care-center-in-rural-west-bengal-india
#18
Saikat Datta, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, Pasang Lahmu Sherpa, Smarajit Banik
INTRODUCTION: Despite the advent of modern technologies, India is still grappling with the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Stigma is one of the key aspects which can interfere with HIV test-seeking behaviour, care-seeking behaviour upon diagnosis, quality of care given to HIV-positive patients and perception and treatment of People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) by communities, families, and partners. AIM: To determine the perceived stigma associated with HIV/AIDS and its correlates among PLHAs attending the Anti Retroviral Therapy (ART) centre of North Bengal Medical College, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890978/patterns-of-use-and-perceptions-of-harm-of-smokeless-tobacco-in-navi-mumbai-india-and-dhaka-bangladesh
#19
Seema Mutti, Jessica L Reid, Prakash C Gupta, Mangesh S Pednekar, Gauri Dhumal, Nigar Nargis, Akm Ghulam Hussain, David Hammond
BACKGROUND: Globally, smokeless tobacco use is disproportionately concentrated in low-income and middle-income countries like India and Bangladesh. OBJECTIVES: The current study examined comparative patterns of use and perceptions of harm for different smokeless tobacco products among adults and youth in Navi Mumbai, India, and Dhaka, Bangladesh. METHODS: Face-to-face interviews were conducted on tablets with adult (19 years and older) smokeless tobacco users and youth (16-18 years) users and non-users in Navi Mumbai (n = 1002), and Dhaka (n = 1081)...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890325/functional-coupling-between-frontoparietal-and-occipitotemporal-pathways-during-action-and-perception
#20
R Matthew Hutchison, Jason P Gallivan
Several lines of evidence point to areas in the occipitotemporal pathway as being critical in the processes of visual perception and object recognition. Much less appreciated, however, is the role that this pathway plays in object-related processing for the purposes of visually guided action. Here, using functional MRI (fMRI) and functional connectivity (FC) measures, we examined interactions between areas in frontoparietal cortex (FPC) involved in grasping, reaching, eye movements, and tool use and areas in occipitotemporal cortex (OTC) involved in object-, face-, scene-, body-, tool-, and motion-related processing, both during the performance of sensorimotor and visual-perceptual tasks, as well as during passive fixation (resting-state)...
November 9, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
keyword
keyword
67217
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"