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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645984/facilitators-and-barriers-to-participation-of-private-sector-health-facilities-in-government-led-schemes-for-maternity-services-in-india-a-qualitative-study
#1
Vikas Yadav, Somesh Kumar, Sudharsanam Balasubramaniam, Ashish Srivastava, Suranjeen Pallipamula, Parvez Memon, Dinesh Singh, Saurabh Bhargava, Greeshma Ann Sunil, Bulbul Sood
OBJECTIVE: Despite provision of accreditation of private sector health providers in government-led schemes for maternity services in India, their participation has been low. This has led to an underutilisation of their presence, resources and expertise for providing quality maternal and newborn health services. This study explores the perception of various stakeholders on expectations, benefits, barriers and facilitators to private sector participation in government-led schemes-specifically Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)-for maternity service delivery...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645248/characterizing-the-reproductive-transcriptomic-correlates-of-acute-dehydration-in-males-in-the-desert-adapted-rodent-peromyscus-eremicus
#2
Lauren Kordonowy, Matthew MacManes
BACKGROUND: The understanding of genomic and physiological mechanisms related to how organisms living in extreme environments survive and reproduce is an outstanding question facing evolutionary and organismal biologists. One interesting example of adaptation is related to the survival of mammals in deserts, where extreme water limitation is common. Research on desert rodent adaptations has focused predominantly on adaptations related to surviving dehydration, while potential reproductive physiology adaptations for acute and chronic dehydration have been relatively neglected...
June 23, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643900/exploring-perspectives-of-young-onset-dementia-caregivers-with-high-versus-low-unmet-needs
#3
Joany K Millenaar, Christian Bakker, Deliane van Vliet, Raymond T C M Koopmans, Alexander Kurz, Frans R J Verhey, Marjolein E de Vugt
BACKGROUND: This study is part of the Research to Assess Policies and Strategies for Dementia in the Young project. Information about specific needs in young onset dementia (YOD) will provide the basis for the development of an e-health intervention to assist caregivers in coping with YOD in several European countries. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the issues caregivers of people with YOD face. METHODS: A qualitative content analysis method was used to analyse interviews with YOD caregivers...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641929/initiation-and-engagement-with-methadone-treatment-among-pregnant-and-postpartum-women
#4
Kristin M Mattocks, Robin Clark, Linda Weinreb
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions of experiences and challenges with methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) and obstetrical care among pregnant and postpartum women enrolled in a methadone maintenance program. RESEARCH DESIGN: The study featured a grounded theory approach including two focus groups with pregnant and postpartum methadone users at a methadone maintenance clinic in Worcester, Massachusetts. Two research team members conducted and recorded focus groups, which took approximately 45 minutes to 1 hour...
June 19, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637577/physiotherapists-perceptions-of-workplace-competency-a-mixed-methods-observational-study
#5
Rodney Sturt, Angela T Burge, Paula Harding, James Sayer
Objectives Workplace-based competency is increasingly considered fundamental to patient safety and quality healthcare. The aim of the present study was to identify and describe physiotherapists' perceptions of workplace competency.Methods The present study was a mixed-methods cross-sectional observational study. Thematic and descriptive analysis of qualitative and survey data were undertaken. Forty-six physiotherapists employed at a metropolitan acute public hospital participated in interviews or focus groups; a subgroup of 31 participants also completed an online survey...
June 22, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632008/a-cloud-with-a-silver-lining-helping-students-learn-about-professionalism
#6
Rhea J Cohn, Margaret M Plack
PROBLEM: Educators face many challenges in teaching professionalism. Despite attempts to define professionalism, it remains abstract for students and often not fully appreciated until they are in clinic. Without a way to make it personally relevant, students will likely be less motivated to learn. INTERVENTION: We used student-generated word clouds to facilitate reflection and discussions, thereby helping students make their perceptions of professionalism more explicit...
February 16, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629540/kinetics-and-dose-dependency-of-intranasal-oxytocin-effects-on-amygdala-reactivity
#7
Franny B Spengler, Johannes Schultz, Dirk Scheele, Maximiliane Essel, Wolfgang Maier, Markus Heinrichs, René Hurlemann
BACKGROUND: Current neuroimaging perspectives on a variety of mental disorders emphasize dysfunction of the amygdala. The neuropeptide oxytocin (OXT), a key mediator in the regulation of social cognition and behavior, accumulates in cerebrospinal fluid after intranasal administration in macaques and humans and modulates amygdala reactivity in both species. However, the translation of neuromodulatory OXT effects to novel treatment approaches is hampered by the absence of studies defining the most effective dose and dose-response latency for targeting the amygdala...
May 10, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628681/changes-in-self-perceptions-of-photoaging-severity-and-skin-cancer-risk-after-objective-facial-skin-quality-analysis
#8
Yoon-Soo Cindy Bae, Edward Jong Bae, Joyce H Wang, Barbara A Gilchrest
<p>Background: Despite public education efforts, many people at risk for skin cancer do not practice safe sun behaviors.</p> <p>Objective: To determine whether machine-based evaluation of UV-induced alterations (VISIA scan) changes self-assessment of facial photoaging, skin cancer risk, and willingness to improve sun protective habits. In addition, to determine whether VISIA scan analysis reveals differences between those with versus without a history of skin cancer, men versus women, those older than 50 versus less than 50 years of age, and Fitzpatrick skin types I-III versus IV-VI...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628463/operational-research-during-the-ebola-emergency
#9
Gabriel Fitzpatrick, Tom Decroo, Bertrand Draguez, Rosa Crestani, Axelle Ronsse, Rafael Van den Bergh, Michel Van Herp
Operational research aims to identify interventions, strategies, or tools that can enhance the quality, effectiveness, or coverage of programs where the research is taking place. Médecins Sans Frontières admitted ≈5,200 patients with confirmed Ebola virus disease during the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and from the beginning nested operational research within its emergency response. This research covered critical areas, such as understanding how the virus spreads, clinical trials, community perceptions, challenges within Ebola treatment centers, and negative effects on non-Ebola healthcare...
July 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626433/war-or-peace-how-the-subjective-perception-of-great-power-interdependence-shapes-preemptive-defensive-aggression
#10
Yiming Jing, Peter H Gries, Yang Li, Adam W Stivers, Nobuhiro Mifune, D M Kuhlman, Liying Bai
Why do great powers with benign intentions end up fighting each other in wars they do not seek? We utilize an incentivized, two-person "Preemptive Strike Game" (PSG) to explore how the subjective perception of great power interdependence shapes defensive aggression against persons from rival great powers. In Study 1, college students from the United States (N = 115), China (N = 106), and Japan (N = 99) made PSG decisions facing each other. This natural experiment revealed that Chinese and Japanese participants (a) made more preemptive attacks against each other and Americans than against their compatriots, and that (b) greater preexisting perceptions of bilateral competition increased intergroup attack rates...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625658/enhancing-anger-perception-in-older-adults-by-stimulating-inferior-frontal-cortex-with-high-frequency-transcranial-random-noise-stimulation
#11
Tao Yang, Michael J Banissy
Extensive behavioural evidence has shown that older people have declined ability in facial emotion perception. Recent work has begun to examine the neural mechanism that contribute to this, and potential tools to support emotion perception during aging. The aim of this study was to investigate whether high frequency tRNS applied to the inferior frontal cortex would enhance facial expression perception in older adults. Healthy aged adults (60+ years) were randomly assigned to receive active high-frequency or sham tRNS targeted at bilateral inferior frontal cortices...
June 15, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625214/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-associated-with-sexual-assault-among-women-in-the-who-world-mental-health-surveys
#12
K M Scott, K C Koenen, A King, M V Petukhova, J Alonso, E J Bromet, R Bruffaerts, B Bunting, P de Jonge, J M Haro, E G Karam, S Lee, M E Medina-Mora, F Navarro-Mateu, N A Sampson, V Shahly, D J Stein, Y Torres, A M Zaslavsky, R C Kessler
BACKGROUND: Sexual assault is a global concern with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), one of the common sequelae. Early intervention can help prevent PTSD, making identification of those at high risk for the disorder a priority. Lack of representative sampling of both sexual assault survivors and sexual assaults in prior studies might have reduced the ability to develop accurate prediction models for early identification of high-risk sexual assault survivors. METHODS: Data come from 12 face-to-face, cross-sectional surveys of community-dwelling adults conducted in 11 countries...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624995/how-does-it-feel-to-be-a-pathology-resident-results-of-a-survey-on-experiences-and-job-satisfaction-during-pathology-residency
#13
Burcin Pehlivanoglu, Hur Hassoy, Catarina Calle, Amelie Dendooven, ILKe Nalbantoglu, Lidiya Reshchikova, Gulen Gul, Basak Doganavsargil
Residents' career choices and professional motivation can be affected from perception of their role and recognition within a medical team as well as their educational and workplace experiences. To evaluate pathology trainees' perceptions of their pathology residency, we conducted a 42-item survey via a web-based link questioning respondents' personal and institutional background, workplace, training conditions, and job satisfaction level. For the 208 residents from different European countries who responded, personal expectations in terms of quality of life (53%) and scientific excitement (52%) were the most common reasons why they chose and enjoy pathology...
June 17, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622121/student-and-faculty-perceptions-about-mandatory-influenza-vaccinations-on-a-health-sciences-campus
#14
Philip Looper, David George, Eric J Johnson, Susan E Conway
OBJECTIVE: To examine the perceptions among faculty and health professional students regarding mandatory vaccination policies on a health sciences campus. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 296 faculty and 244 students completed surveys during fall 2015. METHODS: The online survey administered to individuals who received the influenza vaccine during the fall 2015 influenza vaccination clinic season included 5 items evaluating perceptions of employer mandatory vaccination requirements...
June 16, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619657/low-frequency-oscillations-employ-a-general-coding-of-the-spatio-temporal-similarity-of-dynamic-faces
#15
Nicholas Furl, Michael Lohse, Francesca Pizzorni-Ferrarese
Brain networks use neural oscillations as information transfer mechanisms. Although the face perception network in occipitotemporal cortex is well-studied, contributions of oscillations to face representation remain an open question. We tested for links between oscillatory responses that encode facial dimensions and the theoretical proposal that faces are encoded in similarity-based "face spaces". We quantified similarity-based encoding of dynamic faces in magnetoencephalographic sensor-level oscillatory power for identity, expression, physical and perceptual similarity of facial form and motion...
June 12, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619462/perceptions-of-an-educational-programme-for-registered-nurses-who-work-at-non-major-trauma-services-in-victoria-australia-the-nursing-emergency-external-trauma-programme
#16
Sharyn Ireland, Rachel Cross, Kelly Decker, Biswadev Mitra
BACKGROUND: Emergency nurses working in non-Major Trauma Service (non-MTS) facilities face the challenge of providing immediate care to seriously injured patients, despite infrequent presentations at their workplace. A one-day education programme endorsed by the Australian College of Nursing was developed to provide contemporary trauma education for nurses. The aim of this study was to report participants' perceptions of their experience of this programme. METHODS: Peer reviewed lesson plans were developed to guide educational activities...
June 12, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619407/should-they-also-have-babies-community-attitudes-toward-sexual-and-reproductive-rights-of-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-nigeria
#17
Zubairu Iliyasu, Hadiza S Galadanci, Yusuf A Ibrahim, Musa Babashani, Mohammed S Mijinyawa, Melynda Simmons, Muktar H Aliyu
BACKGROUND: People living with HIV have the right to healthy, satisfying sex lives and to appropriate services to ensure their sexual and reproductive health, including having healthy children. The reproductive rights of people living with HIV/AIDS are, however, often met with skepticism and discrimination, despite recent advances in HIV treatment. OBJECTIVE: To assess the attitudes of community members in Kano, Nigeria, toward the right of persons living with HIV/AIDS to have healthy sexual relationships and bear children...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618331/psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-namibian-healthcare-providers-perceptions-and-frustrations
#18
Anina du, Toit, Chrisma Pretorius
PURPOSE: Most studies conducted on the diagnosis and treatment of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) have been performed in developed countries with developing countries, such as Namibia, receiving less attention. This study aimed to contribute to the aims of The International League against Epilepsy Psychogenic Nonepileptic Seizure Task Force by investigating the perceptions and frustrations of healthcare providers (HCPs) in Namibia regarding the diagnosis and treatment of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures...
June 9, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618296/impaired-body-perception-in-developmental-prosopagnosia
#19
Federica Biotti, Katie L H Gray, Richard Cook
Developmental prosopagnosia (DP) is a lifelong neurodevelopmental disorder associated with difficulties recognising and discriminating faces. In some cases, the perceptual deficits seen in DP appear to be face-specific. However, DP is known to be a heterogeneous condition, and many cases undoubtedly exhibit impaired perception of other complex objects. There are several well-documented parallels between body and face perception; for example, faces and bodies are both thought to recruit holistic analysis and engage similar regions of visual cortex...
May 25, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618010/the-transition-from-mother-of-one-to-mother-of-two-mothers-perceptions-of-themselves-and-their-relationships-with-their-firstborn-children
#20
Jennifer K Chapman, Sybil L Hart
This qualitative study aimed to explore mothers' perceptions of the transition to second-time motherhood, and advance methodology for supporting mothers during this transition. Fifty-seven pregnant mothers and their firstborn children (M age = 30.3 months) participated in a laboratory procedure in which the mother exposed her child to a brief episode of differential treatment. The episode was designed to simulate an expected experience of caregiving that would occur after the birth of a second child. During a postnatal visit (M=5...
June 15, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
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