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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323439/patient-perceptions-of-treatment-delivery-platforms-for-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#1
Janet M Y Cheung, Delwyn J Bartlett, Carol L Armour, Tracey-Lea Laba, Bandana Saini
OBJECTIVE: Stepped care has given rise to the proliferation of abbreviated CBT-I programs and delivery formats. This includes interventions delivered by allied health professionals and those delivered electronically through the Internet. This article aims to explore patient perceptions between electronic and face-to-face (FTF) delivery platforms for (abbreviated) CBT-I. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with insomnia from specialist sleep or psychology clinics and those from the general community in Sydney, Australia...
March 21, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318455/airway-management-in-disaster-response-a-manikin-study-comparing-direct-and-video-laryngoscopy-for-endotracheal-intubation-by-prehospital-providers-in-level-c-personal-protective-equipment
#2
Sami Yousif, Jason T Machan, Yasser Alaska, Selim Suner
Introduction Airway management is one of many challenges that medical providers face in disaster response operations. The use of personal protective equipment (PPE), in particular, was found to be associated with higher failure rates and a prolonged time to achieve airway control. Hypothesis/Problem The objective of this study was to determine whether video laryngoscopy could facilitate the performance of endotracheal intubation by disaster responders wearing Level C PPE. METHODS: In this prospective, randomized, crossover study, a convenience sample of practicing prehospital providers were recruited...
March 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318281/facial-emotion-recognition-face-scan-paths-and-face-perception-in-children-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#3
Amelia K Lewis, Melanie A Porter, Tracey A Williams, Samantha Bzishvili, Kathryn N North, Jonathan M Payne
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate face scan paths and face perception abilities in children with Neurofibromatosis Type 1 (NF1) and how these might relate to emotion recognition abilities in this population. METHOD: The authors investigated facial emotion recognition, face scan paths, and face perception in 29 children with NF1 compared to 29 chronological age-matched typically developing controls. Correlations between facial emotion recognition, face scan paths, and face perception in children with NF1 were examined...
March 20, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315610/sensory-processing-in-huntington-s-disease
#4
Ana Mirallave, Merche Morales, Christopher Cabib, Esteban J Muñoz, Pilar Santacruz, Xavier Gasull, Josep Valls-Sole
OBJECTIVE: An intriguing electrophysiological feature of patients with Huntington's disease (HD) is the delayed latency and decreased amplitude of somatosensory long-latency evoked potentials (LLeps). We investigated whether such dysfunction was associated with delayed conscious perception of the sensory stimulus. METHODS: Sixteen HD patients and 16 control subjects faced a computer screen showing the Libet's clock (Libet et al., 1983). In Rest trials, subjects had to memorize the position of the clock handle at perception of either electrical or thermal stimuli (AW)...
February 14, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314416/prevention-of-sport-related-facial-injuries
#5
REVIEW
Amanda M Black, Declan A Patton, Paul H Eliason, Carolyn A Emery
There is evidence that eye protection, mouth guards, helmets, and face guards are effective in reducing the risk of facial injury; however, such safety practices are not adopted universally by all athletes playing high-risk sports. Underlying beliefs about risk perception, comfort, ineffectiveness, utility, and a lack of awareness or enforcement have been identified as reasons people may not adopt preventive measures. There are several high-risk sports that have not mandated or do not enforce use of protective equipment...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303774/physiological-evaluation-of-personal-protective-ensembles-recommended-for-use-in-west-africa
#6
Aitor Coca, Tyler Quinn, Jung-Hyun Kim, Tianzhou Wu, Jeff Powell, Raymond Roberge, Ronald Shaffer
OBJECTIVE: Personal protective equipment (PPE) provides health care workers with a barrier to prevent human contact with viruses like Ebola and potential transmission of the disease. However, PPE can also introduce an additional physiological burden from potentially increased heat stress. This study evaluated the human physiological and subjective responses to continuous light exercise within environmental conditions similar to those in West Africa while wearing 3 different, commonly used PPE ensembles (E1, E2, and E3)...
March 17, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303340/the-influence-of-the-systematic-birth-preparation-program-on-childbirth-satisfaction
#7
Aysu Akca, Aytul Corbacioglu Esmer, Eser Sefik Ozyurek, Arife Aydin, Nazli Korkmaz, Husnu Gorgen, Ozgur Akbayir
PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study was to assess the influence of a systematic multidisciplinary birth preparation program on satisfaction with childbirth experience. A secondary aim was to detect factors that affect the childbirth satisfaction. METHODS: In this prospective study, 77 pregnant women who completed the 4-month birth preparation program (Group 1) and 75 women in the control group (Group 2) were asked to fill out two questionnaires with face-to-face interviews within 48 h after labor...
March 16, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303062/perception-and-attitude-of-medical-doctors-in-dhaka-bangladesh-with-regard-to-ayurvedic-medicine
#8
Yoshitoku Yoshida, Md Abdul Alim, Zakia Alam, Mohammad Asaduzzaman, Yasuko Yoshida, Shahabuddin Manikdrs
The World Health Organization (WHO) Traditional Medicine Strategy (2014-2023) aimed to help member states promote the safe and effective use of traditional medicine. While economic conditions have markedly improved in Bangladesh, the country is experiencing significant public health problems. Because of limited medical resources, there is a strong incentive to enhance complementary and alternative medicine usage in Bangladesh. Therefore, this study aimed to confirm the perceptions and attitudes of medical doctors (MDs) in Dhaka, Bangladesh, with regard to Ayurvedic medicine (AM)...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301645/association-of-face-lift-surgery-with-social-perception-age-attractiveness-health-and-success
#9
Jason C Nellis, Masaru Ishii, Ira D Papel, Theda C Kontis, Patrick J Byrne, Kofi D O Boahene, Kristin L Bater, Lisa E Ishii
Importance: Evidence quantifying the influence of face-lift surgery on societal perceptions is lacking. Objective: To measure the association of face-lift surgery with observer-graded perceived age, attractiveness, success, and overall health. Design, Setting, and Participants: In a web-based survey, 526 casual observers naive to the purpose of the study viewed independent images of 13 unique female patient faces before or after face-lift surgery from January 1, 2016, through June 30, 2016...
March 16, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301094/binocular-rivalry-in-children-on-the-autism-spectrum
#10
Themelis Karaminis, Claudia Lunghi, Louise Neil, David Burr, Elizabeth Pellicano
When different images are presented to the eyes, the brain is faced with ambiguity, causing perceptual bistability: visual perception continuously alternates between the monocular images, a phenomenon called binocular rivalry. Many models of rivalry suggest that its temporal dynamics depend on mutual inhibition among neurons representing competing images. These models predict that rivalry should be different in autism, which has been proposed to present an atypical ratio of excitation and inhibition [the E/I imbalance hypothesis; Rubenstein & Merzenich, 2003]...
March 16, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300710/frameless-and-maskless-stereotactic-navigation-with-a-skull-mounted-tracker-a-technical-report
#11
Andrew A Fanous, Timothy G White, Matthew B Hirsch, Shamik Chakraborty, Peter D Costantino, David J Langer, John A Boockvar
Intraoperative image-guided navigation has revolutionized neurosurgery. It undoubtedly increases the surgeon's confidence and the perception of safety. While fiducials and facial masks are currently the most widely used tools for intraoperative navigation, their use is associated with certain complications. For instance, such tools require rigid fixation of the head, which increases the risk of skull fractures and epidural hematomas, and decreases both surgical flexibility and surgeon's comfort. In addition, the use of a facial mask is at times undesirable, as it may represent an obstacle during surgeries involving the face and forehead...
March 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299462/emotional-faces-influence-evaluation-of-natural-and-transformed-food
#12
Valerio Manippa, Caterina Padulo, Alfredo Brancucci
Previous evidence showed the presence of a straight relationship between feeding behavior and emotions. Despite that, no studies have focused on the influence of emotional faces on food processing. In our study, participants were presented with 72 couples of visual stimuli composed of a neutral, happy, or disgusted faces (5000 ms duration in Experiment 1, adaptation; 150 ms in Experiment 2, priming) followed by a food stimulus (1500 ms). Food stimuli were grouped in pleasant foods, further divided in natural and transformed, and unpleasant rotten foods...
March 15, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299300/the-health-seeking-behaviors-and-perceptions-of-iranian-patient-with-osteoarthritis-about-pain-management-a-qualitative-study
#13
Vahid Zamanzadeh, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Marjaneh Foolady, Mozhgan Behshid, Alireza Irajpoor
Introduction: Pain is the main reason for patients with osteoarthritis (OA) to visit health clinics. Health seeking behaviors indicate unmet patient needs and lack of understanding of OA pain patterns. This study aimed to describe the experiences of Iranian patients with OA and explore their health seeking behaviors and perceptions on pain management related to osteoarthritis. Methods: Using a qualitative approach, data was collected by interviewing 19 patients, 2 family members, and 5 health care providers from the in-patient and out-patient clinics, and physicians' offices...
March 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299259/facial-feminization-surgical-modification-for-indian-european-and-african-faces
#14
S M Balaji
INTRODUCTION: Gender reassignment surgery for facial feminization is being increasingly sought out by males with gender nonconformity issues. Noninvasive camouflage measures such as changing hairstyle, makeup, and filler inserts often do not fetch desired long lasting effects and surgery is sought as a last resort. The facial feminization surgery (FFS) for Indian faces, has no definitive protocol till date and largely remains as an arbitrary undertaking based on individual patient's perception, expectation, and surgeon's ability...
July 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296521/speech-language-pathology-intervention-in-a-youth-justice-setting-benefits-perceived-by-staff-extend-beyond-communication
#15
Pamela C Snow, Kerryn Bagley, Donna White
PURPOSE: Young people in youth justice (YJ) settings face high-risk for unidentified language disorder, however, speech-language pathology (SLP) services are not routinely offered in such settings. The aim of this study was to explore and describe the perceptions and experiences of YJ staff in a custodial centre of the utility of having a speech-language pathologist working with young offenders. METHOD: Following a SLP intervention trial, two staff focus groups were conducted by an independent SLP...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294291/gaze-contingent-display-changes-as-new-window-on-analytical-and-holistic-face-perception-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
Kris Evers, Goedele Van Belle, Jean Steyaert, Ilse Noens, Johan Wagemans
The strength of holistic face perception in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was evaluated by applying the gaze-contingent mask and window technique to a face matching and discrimination task in 6- to 14-year-old children with (n = 36) and without ASD (n = 47), and by examining fixation patterns. Behavioral results suggested a slower and less efficient face processing in the ASD sample compared with the matched control group. Comparing the moving mask and window conditions revealed a reduced holistic face processing bias in the younger age group but not in the older sample...
March 10, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293182/visual-field-map-clusters-in-high-order-visual-processing-organization-of-v3a-v3b-and-a-new-cloverleaf-cluster-in-the-posterior-superior-temporal-sulcus
#17
Brian Barton, Alyssa A Brewer
The cortical hierarchy of the human visual system has been shown to be organized around retinal spatial coordinates throughout much of low- and mid-level visual processing. These regions contain visual field maps (VFMs) that each follows the organization of the retina, with neighboring aspects of the visual field processed in neighboring cortical locations. On a larger, macrostructural scale, groups of such sensory cortical field maps (CFMs) in both the visual and auditory systems are organized into roughly circular cloverleaf clusters...
2017: Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290075/audio-visual-speech-perception-in-adult-readers-with-dyslexia-an-fmri-study
#18
Jascha Rüsseler, Zheng Ye, Ivonne Gerth, Gregor R Szycik, Thomas F Münte
Developmental dyslexia is a specific deficit in reading and spelling that often persists into adulthood. In the present study, we used slow event-related fMRI and independent component analysis to identify brain networks involved in perception of audio-visual speech in a group of adult readers with dyslexia (RD) and a group of fluent readers (FR). Participants saw a video of a female speaker saying a disyllabic word. In the congruent condition, audio and video input were identical whereas in the incongruent condition, the two inputs differed...
March 13, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289568/human-head-orientation-and-eye-visibility-as-indicators-of-attention-for-goats-capra-hircus
#19
Christian Nawroth, Alan G McElligott
Animals domesticated for working closely with humans (e.g. dogs) have been shown to be remarkable in adjusting their behaviour to human attentional stance. However, there is little evidence for this form of information perception in species domesticated for production rather than companionship. We tested domestic ungulates (goats) for their ability to differentiate attentional states of humans. In the first experiment, we investigated the effect of body and head orientation of one human experimenter on approach behaviour by goats...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288650/analysis-of-an-international-collaboration-for-capacity-building-of-human-resources-for-eye-care-case-study-of-the-college-college-vision-2020-link
#20
Nyawira Mwangi, Marcia Zondervan, Covadonga Bascaran
BACKGROUND: There is an extreme health workforce shortage in Eastern, Central, and Southern Africa. Shortage of eye care workers impedes effective implementation of prevention of blindness programs. The World Health Organization has identified education, partnership, leadership, financing, and policy as intertwined interventions that are critical to resolving this crisis on the long term. CASE PRESENTATION: The VISION 2020 LINK between the College of Ophthalmology of Eastern, Central, and Southern Africa and the Royal College of Ophthalmologists in the United Kingdom aims to increase the quantity and quality of eye care training in East, Central, and Southern Africa through a focus on five strategic areas: fellowship examination for ophthalmologists, training the trainers, curriculum development for residents in ophthalmology and ophthalmic clinical officers, continuous professional development (CPD), and mentoring program for young ophthalmologists...
March 14, 2017: Human Resources for Health
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