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PAF and lymphoma

Saqib Qayyum Ahmad, Rizwan Yusuf, Nadeem Zafar, Nadir Ali
BACKGROUND: Dry tap is an annoying experience in bone marrow (BM) findings, especially in cases where the diagnosis may hinge on BM findings. This study was conducted to determine, on, the basis of bone marrow (BM) trephine biopsy, the frequency of various underlying conditions causing a dry tap, among different age groups. METHODS: It was a descriptive study carried out at PAF hospital Mianwali, Pakistan from 1" Jan 2009 to 31 Dec 2012. Record of all BM aspirations and trephine biopsies performed during 4 years was retrieved from hospital's laboratory...
January 2015: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Marianne Weires, Justo Lorenzo Bermejo, Jan Sundquist, Kari Hemminki
BACKGROUND: Spouses are exposed to common environmental cancer risk factors during adulthood. Investigating the aggregation of cancer in couples might provide valuable insights into cancer development. METHODS: The 2008 update of the Swedish Family-Cancer Database includes over 2 million couples with at least one child in common with one single partner. We quantified the contribution of shared adulthood environment by standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) and population attributable fractions (PAFs)...
January 2011: European Journal of Cancer
Valerie Vandermotte, Michel Vandermotte, Michel Eycken, Christiaan Vrints
We report the case of a 37-year-old man with a history of Hodgkin lymphoma and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, seen because of a transient ischaemic attack with symptoms of temporary aphasia. Transoesophageal echocardiography could not detect a patent foramen ovale. However, CT thorax and flebography showed bilateral occlusion of both subclavian veins and the superior vena cava with an important collateral venous network, most likely responsible for this rare case of acquired cryptogenic stroke.
October 2009: Acta Cardiologica
Alip Borthakur, Sumit Bhattacharyya, Waddah A Alrefai, Joanne K Tobacman, Krishnamurthy Ramaswamy, Pradeep K Dudeja
BACKGROUND: Platelet-activating factor (PAF), a potent proinflammatory phospholipid mediator, has been implicated in inducing intestinal inflammation in diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). However, its mechanisms of inducing inflammatory responses are not fully understood. Therefore, studies were designed to explore the mechanisms of PAF-induced inflammatory cascade in intestinal epithelial cells. METHODS: Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) activation was measured by luciferase assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and interleukin 8 (IL-8) production was determined by ELISA...
April 2010: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Małgorzata Kuliszkiewicz-Janus, Mariusz Adam Tuz, Marek Kiełbiński, Stanisław Baczyński, Bozena Jaźwiec, Helena Sladowska
The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the changes in PAF concentrations in the plasma, PBMC and BMMC of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML). The plasma was from 23 healthy volunteers (HV) and 44 patients with AL (16 ALL, 28 AML). The PBMC were from 15 HV and 55 patients with AL (18 ALL, 37 AML), and the BMMC from 40 patients with AL (11 ALL, 29 AML). Methanol-chloroform phospholipid extraction from 60 x 10(6) cells (PBMC or BMMC) was performed according to a modified version of Folch's method...
2008: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
Peter Wolf, Dat X Nghiem, Jeffrey P Walterscheid, Scott Byrne, Yumi Matsumura, Yasuhiro Matsumura, Cora Bucana, Honnavara N Ananthaswamy, Stephen E Ullrich
Psoralen plus UVA (PUVA) is used as a very effective treatment modality for various diseases, including psoriasis and cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. PUVA-induced immune suppression and/or apoptosis are thought to be responsible for the therapeutic action. However, the molecular mechanisms by which PUVA acts are not well understood. We have previously identified platelet-activating factor (PAF), a potent phospholipid mediator, as a crucial substance triggering ultraviolet B radiation-induced immune suppression. In this study, we used PAF receptor knockout mice, a selective PAF receptor antagonist, a COX-2 inhibitor (presumably blocking downstream effects of PAF), and PAF-like molecules to test the role of PAF receptor binding in PUVA treatment...
September 2006: American Journal of Pathology
E E Shults, J Velder, H-G Schmalz, S V Chernov, T V Rubalova, Y V Gatilov, G Henze, G A Tolstikov, A Prokop
Pinusolide (1), a known platelet-activating factor (PAF) receptor binding antagonist, was synthesized from lambertianic acid (2), a labdane-type diterpene readily accessible in multigram quantities from the Siberian pine tree. It was shown that 1 not only decreases the proliferation activity of tumor cells at relatively low concentrations but specifically induces apoptosis at 100 microM via the mitochondrial pathway in the Burkitt lymphoma cell line BJAB. Also, using primary lymphoblasts and leukemic cells from children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML), a significant DNA fragmentation in pinusolide-treated cells could be detected in an ex vivo apoptosis assay...
August 15, 2006: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Jang-Il Han, Ning-Na Huang, Dong-Uk Kim, John H Kehrl
Chemokines bind receptors that are members of the G-protein-coupled receptor family. Chemokine receptors transduce intracellular signals by activating heterotrimeric G-proteins. Acting to limit and modulate heterotrimeric G-protein signaling is a family of proteins, termed regulator of G-protein signaling (RGS). Two of these proteins, RGS1 and RGS13, are well-expressed in germinal center B cells and many Burkitt's lymphoma cell lines. Reducing RGS13 and to a lesser extent RGS1 expression in a Burkitt's lymphoma cell line enhances responsiveness to two chemokines, CXC chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12) and CXCL13, and reducing both mRNAs augments the responses more dramatically...
June 2006: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Wolfgang E Berdel, Emma Kulimova, Astrid Kolkmeyer, Michael Zühlsdorf, Hubert Serve, Thomas Büchner, Elisabeth Oelmann
Flow cytometry was applied to test for platelet-activating-factor receptor (PAF-R) presence on the membranes of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells. We have used six human AML cell lines and freshly taken density gradient separated blasts from the bone marrow of ten AML patients covering the majority of French-American-British (FAB) subtypes. Additionally, we have used one histiocytic lymphoma cell line and mature human granulocytes/monocytes as controls. Our results indicate lack of membrane PAF-R on AML of all FAB subtypes tested...
November 2005: Annals of Hematology
Hiroyuki Arai
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is one of the most potent lipid mediators and is involved in a variety of physiological events. The acetyl group at the sn-2 position of its glycerol backbone is required for its biological activity, and deacetylation of PAF induces loss of activity. The deacetylation reaction is catalyzed by PAF-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH). A series of biochemical and enzymological studies have revealed that there are at least three types of PAF-AH in mammals, namely the intracellular type I and II and plasma type...
August 2002: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
Hiroyuki Arai, Hiroyuki Koizumi, Junken Aoki, Keizo Inoue
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is one of the most potent lipid messengers involved in a variety of physiological events. The acetyl group at the sn-2 position of its glycerol backbone is essential for its biological activity, and its deacetylation induces loss of activity. The deacetylation reaction is catalyzed by PAF-acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH). A series of biochemical and enzymological evaluations revealed that at least three types of PAF-AH exist in mammals, namely the intracellular types I and II and a plasma type...
May 2002: Journal of Biochemistry
P C Konturek, W Bielański, S J Konturek, E G Hahn
Helicobacter pylori (HP), undoubtedly, the most common world-wide infection plays an important role in pathogenesis of peptic ulcer. Proof for a causal role for HP in peptic ulcer rests in two major points; 1) the majority of ulcer patients are HP infected and the prevalence of this infection for both gastric ulcer (GU) and duodenal ulcer (DU) is much higher than for gender- and age-adjusted controls and 2) the cure of HP infection dramatically reduces ulcer recurrence. Conclusions regarding the mechanisms by which HP induces peptic ulcer are restricted mainly to studies observing the consequences of its eradication by antibiotics combined with gastric inhibitors or bismuth agents...
December 1999: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
S J Konturek, P C Konturek, P Pieniazek, W Bielański
Numerous studies initiated by Warren and Marshall in 1982 confirmed the crucial role of H. pylori infection in the pathogenesis of gastritis, peptic ulcer and possibly also gastric cancer leading to reappraisal of fundamental concept of gastric pathophysiology. These topics were covered, in part, by our previous H. pylori-related symposium I (1995), II (1997) and III (1999) organized in Cracow. H. pylori is one of the most frequent causes of gastroduodenal infection worldwide, resulting in the release of various bacterial and host dependent cytotoxic substances including ammonia, platelet activating factor (PAF), cytotoxins and lipopolysaccharides (LPS) as well as cytokines such as interleukins (IL)-1-12, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF(alpha), interferon gamma (INFgamma) and reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
December 1999: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
N Lecointe, J Meerabux, M Ebihara, A Hill, B D Young
A region of 150 kb has been analysed around a previously isolated, lymphoma associated, translocation breakpoint located at chromosome band 11q23. This balanced and reciprocal translocation, t(11;14)(q32;q23), has been shown to result in the fusion between chromosome 11 specific sequence and the switch gamma4 region of the IGH locus. The LPC gene, encoding a novel proprotein convertase belonging to the furin family, has been identified in this region. In order to characterize further the region surrounding the translocation, we have determined the detailed structure of LPC...
May 6, 1999: Oncogene
G R Dubois, R C Schweizer, C Versluis, C A Bruijnzeel-Koomen, P L Bruijnzeel
Similar to interleukin-3 (IL-3), IL-5, and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), IL-4 can be secreted by several cell types involved in allergic inflammatory reactions, and therefore can affect eosinophil function similarly. In this study, we investigated the presence of an IL-4 receptor (IL-4R) on human eosinophils. When two different monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against the IL-4R alpha-chain (IL-4Ralpha) were used, fluorescent-activated cell sorter analysis revealed the presence of an IL-4Ralpha on both eosinophils of normal donors and atopic dermatitis patients...
October 1998: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
J K Seo, S Y Choi, Y Kim, S H Baek, K T Kim, C B Chae, J D Lambeth, P G Suh, S H Ryu
Previously, we identified peptides that stimulate phosphoinositide hydrolysis in several leukocyte cell lines from mixtures of random hexapeptide sequences. Moreover, the peptides activate phospholipase C via a pertussis toxin-sensitive G protein-coupled receptor. We now investigate the structure-activity relationship of the peptides with the goal of improving the activity of the peptides, as well as the biologic function of the peptides. Substitution of the L-methionine at the C terminus of peptides with D-methionine markedly increased the effectiveness of the peptides...
February 15, 1997: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Z Chen, D D Wang, A Peier, J F Stone, A A Sandberg
Pleural and ascitic fluids (PAF) are complications of both nonmalignant and malignant conditions, such as congestive heart failure and chronic infections, as well as neoplasias, such as mesothelioma, lymphoma, and adenocarcinomas of the lung, ovary, endometrium, breast, colon, stomach, and pancreas. Differentiation between malignant and nonmalignant PAF is not always easy to assess on the basis of clinical, cytologic, and other criteria. A review of the chromosomal anomalies in neoplasms which can cause PAF revealed aneusomies of chromosomes 1, 3, 7, 8, 10, and 11 in about 40% to 80% of these malignancies...
October 15, 1995: Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
D Chiche, J L Pico, J F Bernaudin, S Chouaib, E Wollman, A Arnoux, Y Denizot, G Nitenberg
Four out of 23 consecutive patients treated with high-dose Ara-C for lymphomas in our institution developed a strikingly similar syndrome during the perfusion. It was characterized by the onset of fever, diarrhea, shock, pulmonary edema, acute renal failure, metabolic acidosis, weight gain and leukocytosis. Thorough bacteriological screening failed to provide evidence of infection. Sequential biological assays of IL-1, IL-2, TNF and PAF were performed during Ara-C infusion to ten patients, including the four who developed the syndrome...
March 1993: European Cytokine Network
C Lersch, M Classen
The pathogenesis of gastric carcinoma developing after infection with Helicobacter pylori now seems to be clear. The release of urease, alcohol dehydrogenase, enzymes and cytotoxin on the one hand, and chemotactic factors, PAF and heat-shock proteins on the other trigger chronic inflammation and epithelial metaplasia and dysplasia in the stomach. Under the influence of additional carcinogens, the epithelial changes progress to severe dysplasia and finally carcinoma. As a result of chronic inflammation, MALT lymphomas can also be induced...
December 20, 1994: Fortschritte der Medizin
F Bussolino, M Arese, G Montrucchio, L Barra, L Primo, R Benelli, F Sanavio, M Aglietta, D Ghigo, M R Rola-Pleszczynski
Imbalance in the network of soluble mediators may play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS). In this study, we demonstrated that KS cells grown in vitro produced and in part released platelet activating factor (PAF), a powerful lipid mediator of inflammation and cell-to-cell communication. IL-1, TNF, and thrombin enhanced the synthesis of PAF. PAF receptor mRNA and specific, high affinity binding site for PAF were present in KS cells. Nanomolar concentration of PAF stimulated the chemotaxis and chemokinesis of KS cells, endothelial cells, and vascular smooth muscle cells...
August 1995: Journal of Clinical Investigation
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