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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772332/outcomes-following-transaxillary-approach-to-cervical-and-first-rib-resection-for-neurogenic-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#1
Arjun Jayaraj, Audra A Duncan, Manju Kalra, Thomas C Bower, Peter Gloviczki
OBJECTIVE: Cervical rib can often be symptomatic causing neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (nTOS). Surgical treatment involves rib resection through a supraclavicular, transaxillary or combined approach. We review outcomes of different approaches and describe our technique of transaxillary resection through a video. METHODS: Single center retrospective review of peri-operative and short-term outcomes in subjects undergoing cervical rib resection for nTOS between 1994 and 2013...
May 14, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755093/-concomitant-atrial-septal-defect-closure-and-repair-of-pectus-excavatum-in-a-50-year-old-patient-report-of-a-case
#2
Atsushi Tamura, Hajime Kinoshita, Kei Kazuno, Hiroshige Sato, Seiichiro Murata, Hiroshi Iida
We report a case of atrial septal defect (ASD) with severe pectus excavatum. A 50-year-old female had a stroke due to paradoxical embolism from deep vein thrombosis thorough ASD. Her preoperative computed tomography(CT) revealed a severe pectus excavatum (Haller CT index 28.6). The patient underwent ASD closure and repair of the pectus excavatum concomitantly. Median full sternotomy was performed for ASD closure. And we adopted sterno-costal elevation for pectus excavatum repair. Cartilages of the 3rd to the 7th rib were segmentally resected and the remainders were re-sutured to the sternum...
May 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752917/robotically-assisted-transthoracic-cervical-rib-resection
#3
Elke Wybaillie, Lieven Maene, Francis Cooreman, Roel Beelen
Several different approaches to perform surgical decompression of the thoracic outlet have been described. We report a unique case of robotically-assisted transthoracic cervical rib resection for neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome. This minimally invasive technique offers delicate tissue manipulation under optimal visualization of the thoracic outlet structures. Hence, it promotes patient safety and complete surgical decompression.
May 9, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748938/an-entire-clinical-course-of-mediastinal-myxofibrosarcoma-treated-by-surgery-and-radiation
#4
Yasoo Sugiura, Hiroyuki Fujimoto, Toshinori Hashizume, Go Ogura, Etsuo Nemoto
A woman in her 70s with an 8.6-cm tumor in the anterior mediastinum underwent tumor excision by median sternotomy, which combined resection of the fifth and sixth ribs. The pathological diagnosis was myxofibrosarcoma, and pathologically curative resection was accomplished. Local recurrence was detected at 10, 19, 23 and 28 months after the initial surgery. After repeated surgical resection, radiation therapy for the fourth unresectable recurrence resulted in failure. She died 34 months after the initial surgery...
May 10, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744749/thoracoscopic-resection-of-parosteal-lipoma-of-the-rib-using-orthopedic-electric-micro-drill
#5
Tetsuhiko Go, Nariyasu Nakajima, Naoya Yokota, Hiroyasu Yokomise
Parosteal lipoma derived from the rib is extremely rare and is usually resected through open thoracotomy despite its benign nature. A 33-year-old man who had no symptoms was referred to our hospital for treatment of a 30-mm chest wall mass that has slightly increased in size during 2 years of follow-up. En bloc resection of the tumor with parts of the 3rd and 4th ribs was performed through a complete thoracoscopic approach using orthopedic electric micro drill. This was the first report on a case of parosteal lipoma of the rib that was resected by a complete thoracoscopic procedure...
May 9, 2018: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742905/sequential-robotic-assisted-lung-resection-with-a-subxiphoid-utility-incision
#6
Robert D Slight, Georgios Koulaxouzidis, Sasha Stamenkovic
For the past two years, the authors have used a subxiphoid utility incision for robot-assisted lobectomies. This approach prevents unnecessary rib pressure, offers a good angle of approach to the hilum, and allows specimen retrieval with minimal resistance. Robot-assisted lung resection is an established technique that facilitates postoperative recovery by minimizing operative trauma and postoperative pain. We believe the subxiphoid utility incision further enhances recovery and facilitates early repeat surgery...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733823/total-r%C3%A4-b-resect%C3%A4-on-v%C3%A4-a-un%C3%A4-portal-thoracoscop%C3%A4-c-approach
#7
Ilhan Ocakcioglu, Nezih Onur Ermerak, Mustafa Yuksel
In this report, we present a case specifying the availability of uniportal thoracoscopic resection of a total rib safely without the need of conventional thoracotomy. The favorable outcome of this case suggests that uniportal thoracoscopic technique described here is safe and succesful approach for resection of costal lesions with good cosmetic results. To our knowledge; this is the first case reporting the entire rib resection via uniportal thoracoscopic approach.
May 4, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730771/custom-design-and-biomechanical-analysis-of-3d-printed-peek-rib-prostheses
#8
Jianfeng Kang, Ling Wang, Chuncheng Yang, Lei Wang, Cao Yi, Jiankang He, Dichen Li
A tumour resection normally involves a large tissue resection and bone replacement. Polyether ether ketone (PEEK) has become a suitable candidate for use in various prostheses owing to its lightness in weight, modulus close to that of natural bone, and good biocompatibility, among other factors. This study proposes a new design method for a rib prosthesis using the centroid trajectory of the natural replaced rib, where the strength can be adjusted by monitoring the cross-sectional area, shape, and properties...
May 5, 2018: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705086/transaxillary-decompression-of-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-patients-presenting-with-cervical-ribs
#9
Hugh A Gelabert, David A Rigberg, Jessica B O'Connell, Sinan Jabori, Juan Carlos Jimenez, Steven Farley
OBJECTIVE: The transaxillary approach to thoracic outlet decompression in the presence of cervical ribs offers the advantage of less manipulation of the brachial plexus and associated nerves. This may result in reduced incidence of perioperative complications, such as nerve injuries. Our objective was to report contemporary data for a series of patients with thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) and cervical ribs managed through a transaxillary approach. METHODS: We reviewed a prospectively maintained database for all consecutive patients who underwent surgery for TOS and who had a cervical rib...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701368/three-year-experience-on-477-patients-undergoing-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery
#10
Susana Lareiro, Pedro Fernandes, Luis Vouga, José Miranda, Miguel Guerra
INTRODUCTION: Uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) technique has been described both for diagnostic and therapeutic indications. Outcomes after uniportal VATS have never been reported in Portuguese large series. We review the safety and efficiency of our initial experience with uniportal VATS. METHODS: In a retrospective study of prospectively collected data, 477 uniportal VATS procedures were analyzed between June 2014 and June 2017. All procedures were performed without rib spreading...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696329/first-rib-resection-for-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-the-robotic-approach
#11
Gregor J Kocher, Adrian Zehnder, Jon A Lutz, Juerg Schmidli, Ralph A Schmid
OBJECTIVE: First rib resection is a well-recognized treatment option for thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). In case of a vascular insufficiency that can be provoked and/or progressive neurologic symptoms without response to conservative treatment, surgical decompression of the space between the clavicle and the first rib is indicated. The aim of this paper is to present our experience with a new minimally invasive robotic approach using the da Vinci Surgical System®. METHODS: Between January 2015 and October 2017, eight consecutive first rib resections in seven patients were performed at our institution...
April 25, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686837/effort-thrombosis-of-the-subclavian-artery-as-a-consequence-of-a-unique-anomaly
#12
Evan R Brownie, Robert W Thompson
Congenital anatomic anomalies and variations are frequent in the thoracic outlet and may be associated with clinical symptoms. Arterial thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is characterized by subclavian artery compression and vascular pathology, almost always in the presence of a bony abnormality. We describe here a patient with arterial thromboembolism following a fall on the outstretched arm, who was found to have subclavian artery stenosis and post-stenotic dilatation in the absence of a bony abnormality. Surgical exploration revealed a previously undescribed anomaly in which the subclavian artery passed through the costoclavicular space in front of the anterior scalene muscle, where it was subject to bony compression between the first rib and clavicle...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682457/sternum-reconstruction-using-titanium-plates-matched-with-sandwich-gore-tex-meshes
#13
Marco Chiappetta, Francesco Facciolo
Chest wall reconstruction after extensive resection may be technically difficult, and which technique permits to obtain the right compromise between rigidity and plasticity of the chest wall is still argument of debate. Indeed, many techniques and materials have been proposed and tested to cover chest wall defects and to ensure correct respiratory movements, but unique results still miss. We herein report the case of a 55-years old woman with soft-tissue sarcoma involving the sternum treated with sternum and anterior ribs arch resection (from the second to the fourth)...
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652235/harvey-cushing-s-management-of-neurogenic-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#14
Courtney Pendleton, Allan J Belzberg, Robert J Spinner, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa
Harvey Cushing is widely regarded as one of the forefathers of neurosurgery, and is primarily associated with his work on intracranial pathology. However, he had a clinical and academic interest in peripheral nerve surgery. Through the courtesy of the Alan Mason Chesney Medical Archives, the surgical records of the Johns Hopkins Hospital from 1896 to 1912 were reviewed. The records of a single patient undergoing brachial plexus exploration and cervical rib resection were selected for detailed review. The operative report and accompanying illustrations demonstrate Cushing's interest in adding approaches to the pathology of the brachial plexus to his operative armamentarium...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650420/denosumab-treatment-of-inoperable-or-locally-advanced-giant-cell-tumor-of-bone-multicenter-analysis-outside-clinical-trial
#15
Piotr Rutkowski, Louie Gaston, Aneta Borkowska, Silvia Stacchiotti, Hans Gelderblom, Giacomo Giulio Baldi, Emanuela Palmerini, Paolo Casali, Alessandro Gronchi, Michael Parry, Domenico Andrea Campanacci, Guido Scoccianti, Michal Wagrodzki, Stefano Ferrari, Sander Dijkstra, Andrzej Pieńkowski, Robert Grimer
BACKGROUND: Giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB) is an osteolytic, locally aggressive, rarely metastazing bone tumor. This is a retrospective study evaluating a large series of GCTB patients treated with denosumab in routine practice in 6 European reference centers. METHODS: Patients with locally advanced, unresectable or metastatic GCTB, treated with denosumab outside clinical trials were eligible. Primary end-point was progression-free survival (PFS) for all patients; secondary end-points were: type of surgery, relapse rate and event-free survival for patients after preoperative denosumab + surgery...
March 31, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627065/after-a-motor-vehicle-accident-is-it-neurogenic-thoracic-outlet-syndrome-or-ulnar-entrapment-syndrome-how-to-make-the-correct-diagnosis
#16
A Ian Munro, G Duncan McPherson, Wr Eric Jamieson
INTRODUCTION: Analysis of alleged neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) following motor vehicle collisions (MVC) showed a high rate of incorrect diagnosis. METHODS: Over ten years we saw 263 alleged NTOS following a MVC. Fifty-six (21.3%) had ulnar entrapment syndrome (UES) proved by nerve conduction studies or specific motor weakness. Diagnostic errors were examined. RESULTS: Inadequate physical examination and poor knowledge of neuroanatomy in 56 (100...
March 16, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627053/laryngeal-split-and-rib-cartilage-interpositional-grafting-treatment-option-for-glottic-and-subglottic-stenosis-in-adults
#17
REVIEW
Wael Hasan, Patrick Gullane
Optimal management of tracheal stenosis depends on identifying causative factors. Risk factors include high tracheostomy, cricothyroidotomy, prolonged intubation, and proximal migration of an endotracheal tube cuff. Management ranges from conservative observation to endoscopic procedures or open surgical resections. The goal of surgical repair is an adequate airway, decannulation, and normal laryngeal function. For early stage disease, management of refractory conditions is via endoscopic procedures. An understanding of the respiratory function of the glottis and subglottis is essential when an optimum functional reconstruction of the glottic/subglottic area is considered...
May 2018: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609437/intraosseous-hemangioma-of-the-orbit
#18
June Seok Choi, Yong Chan Bae, Gyu Bin Kang, Kyung-Un Choi
Intraosseous hemangioma is an extremely rare tumor that accounts for 1% or fewer of all osseous tumors. The most common sites of its occurrence are the vertebral column and calvaria. Occurrence in a facial bone is very rare. The authors aim to report a case of the surgical treatment of intraosseous hemangioma occurring in the periorbital region, which is a very rare site of occurrence and to introduce our own experiences with the diagnosis and treatment of this condition along with a literature review. A 73-year-old male patient visited our hospital with the chief complaint of a mass touching the left orbital rim...
March 2018: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600066/comparison-of-closed-chest-drainage-with-rib-resection-closed-drainage-for-treatment-of-chronic-tuberculous-empyema
#19
Yong Fang, Heping Xiao, Wei Sha, Haili Hu, Xiaofang You
Background: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of closed-chest drainage with rib resection closed drainage of chronic tuberculous empyema. Methods: This retrospective study reviewed 86 patients with tuberculous empyema in Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital from August 2010 to November 2015. Among these included patients, 22 patients received closed-chest drainage, and 64 patients received rib resection closed drainage. Results: The results showed that after intercostal chest closed drain treatment, 2 (9...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596896/minute-mesenchymal-chondrosarcoma-within-osteochondroma-an-unexpected-diagnosis-confirmed-by-hey1-ncoa2-fusion
#20
Shunichi Toki, Toru Motoi, Mototaka Miyake, Eisuke Kobayashi, Akira Kawai, Akihiko Yoshida
Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma is rare and can be challenging to diagnose. Herein, we report a minute mesenchymal chondrosarcoma within an osteochondroma. A 12-year-old girl presented with an asymptomatic exophytic lesion of the rib. The tumor was clinically diagnosed as osteochondroma, and was excised after observation for 3years. The resected specimen revealed an unexpected minute (0.9cm) "monophasic" mesenchymal chondrosarcoma in the apex of the lesion. The sarcoma consisted of monomorphic spindle cells without hyaline cartilage...
March 26, 2018: Human Pathology
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