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rib resection

Donald Nuss, Robert J Obermeyer, Robert E Kelly
Repair of pectus excavatum began at the beginning of the 20(th) century before endotracheal intubation was standard practice. Surgeons therefore developed techniques that corrected the deformity using an open procedure via the anterior chest wall. Initial techniques were unsatisfactory, but by the 1930s the partial rib resection and sternal osteotomy technique had been developed and was used in combination with external traction post-operatively to prevent the sternum from sinking back into the chest. In 1949, Ravitch recommended complete resection of the costal cartilages and complete mobilization of the sternum without external traction, and in 1961 Adkins and Blades introduced the concept of a substernal strut for sternal support...
September 2016: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Santiago Fabián Moscoso Martínez, Vadim Zarubin, Geethapriya Rajasekaran Rathnakumar, Alireza Zarineh
Smooth muscle tumors (SMTs) of the pleura are exceptionally rare. At present and to the best of these authors' knowledge, there are only 17 cases reported in the literature. We describe a case of a 51-year-old woman who complained of left sided pleuritic chest pain. Further, computed tomography (CT) revealed a left sided localized pleural-based mass involving the 9th rib. She underwent an interventional radiology guided percutaneous core biopsy of the lesion, which disclosed a "Smooth Muscle Tumor of Undetermined Malignant Potential (SMT-UMP)...
2016: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Edward J Caruana, Pierogiorgio Solli, Aman S Coonar
Chest wall invasion is seen in 5% to 8% of patients presenting with lung cancer. We report a case of complete resection of a 14 cm × 9 cm pT3N0M0 squamous cell carcinoma arising from the right lower lobe and invading the lower chest wall posteriorly, in a 75 years old male, via a hybrid thoracoscopic [video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS)] approach. Following conventional VATS lobectomy, a targeted 10 cm incision was performed to allow wide resection of the 7(th) to 10(th) ribs and 6(th) to 9(th) transverse processes, with the defect being subsequently reconstructed with a composite rigid prosthesis...
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Christopher J Demaree, Kevin Wang, Peter H Lin
Thoracic outlet syndrome, a condition due to neurovascular compression in the upper shoulder region, can be caused by chronic repetitive activity of the upper extremities. Studies have linked upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders to high-performance musicians who play bowed string instruments such as the violin or viola. We report herein a case series of five elite musicians, including three violinists and two violaists, who developed neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome following years of intense practice...
September 30, 2016: Vascular
Gregory M Malham, Rhiannon M Parker
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic thoracic herniated discs have historically been treated using open exposures (i.e., thoracotomy), posing a clinical challenge given the approach related morbidity. Lateral interbody fusion (LIF) is one modern minimally disruptive alternative to thoracotomy. The direct lateral technique for lumbar pathologies has seen a sharp increase in procedural numbers; however application of this technique in thoracic pathologies has not been widely reported. METHODS: This study presents the results of three cases where LIF was used to treat symptomatic thoracic disc herniations...
December 2015: J Spine Surg
Naohiro Nose, Kazuhiro Higuchi, Eiichi Chosa, Takanori Ayabe, Masaki Tomita, Kunihide Nakamura
A 60-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with an anterior mediastinal tumor measuring 3.5 cm in diameter on computed tomography (CT). We performed tumor resection by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) with three ports. The final diagnosis was Type A Masaoka Stage I thymoma. On follow-up CT performed 36 months after the operation, two pleural tumors were detected at the port sites through which the forceps and ultrasonic scalpel had passed repeatedly during the operation. We therefore performed a second operation and enucleated the tumors while preserving the ribs...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Jesse Peek, Cornlis G Vos, Çağdaş Ünlü, Henricus D W M van de Pavoordt, Peter J van den Akker, Jean-Paul P M de Vries
BACKGROUND: Many publications report outcomes of surgical treatment for thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS); however, high-quality reviews and meta-analyses are lacking. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review and meta-analysis summarizes and compares the outcomes and major complications of the surgical procedures for the three types of TOS: arterial, venous, and neurogenic. DATA SOURCE: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL databases and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched for papers published between January 1980 and February 2015, using the keywords (Thoracic Outlet Syndrome) and (Treatment, Surgical)...
September 22, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
James Benjamin Gleason, Basheer Tashtoush, Maria Julia Diacovo
Biphasic malignant pleural mesothelioma is a rare malignant tumor, usually presenting as a pleural-based mass in a patient with history of chronic asbestos exposure. We herein report a case of a 41-year-old man who presented with chest pain and had a chest computed tomography (CT) scan suggestive of a primary skeletal tumor originating from the ribs (chondrosarcoma or osteosarcoma), with no history of asbestos exposure. CT-guided core needle biopsies were diagnosed as malignant sarcomatoid mesothelioma. Surgical resection and chest wall reconstruction were performed, confirming the diagnosis and revealing a secondary histologic component (epithelioid), supporting the diagnosis of biphasic malignant mesothelioma...
2016: Case Reports in Pulmonology
Robert S George, Richard Milton, Nilanjan Chaudhuri, Emmanuel Kefaloyannis, Kostas Papagiannopoulos
BACKGROUND: Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) causes neurologic symptoms in 95% of cases and vascular symptoms in 5% of cases. Surgical resection is curative. Endoscopic-assisted transaxillary first rib resection has been previously reported. In this study we report a totally endoscopic video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) approach using tailored endoscopic instruments. METHODS: Ten patients (8 women; average age, 32.3 ± 5.6 years) with TOS underwent VATS first rib resection following failure of symptom improvement with physiotherapy...
September 19, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Chandu Vemuri, Payam Salehi, Jaime Benarroch-Gampel, Lauren N McLaughlin, Robert W Thompson
Venous thoracic outlet syndrome (VTOS) is uncommon but most frequently occurs in young, active, healthy patients. This condition typically presents as subclavian vein (SCV) effort thrombosis, also known as Paget-Schroetter syndrome. The pathophysiology underlying VTOS is chronic repetitive compression injury of the SCV in the costoclavicular space, resulting in progressive venous scarring, focal stenosis, and eventual thrombosis. Clinical evaluation includes a history and physical examination followed by catheter-based venography, for definitive confirmation of the diagnosis and initial treatment with pharmacomechanical thrombolysis...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Tom Treasure
Videothoracic surgery for lung cancer is now an established practice but there is a division of opinion between surgeons whose aim is to spare all patients a thoracotomy and those who have not adopted videoscopic methods for routine lobectomy. The latter remain in the majority; most patients at present have a thoracotomy. Surgeons from Europe and America met in Catania, Sicily at the 3(rd) Mediterranean Symposium on Thoracic Surgical Oncology to explore the evidence and the routes to making videothoracoscopic surgery a standard of care...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
K Hoetzenecker, T Schweiger, W Klepetko
Idiopathic subglottic stenosis is a disease characterized by slow, progressive scarring and constriction of the subglottic airway. It almost always occurs in females between the 3rd and 5th decade of life. Symptoms are frequently misinterpreted as asthma and patients are referred for endoscopic evaluation only when asthma medications fail to alleviate their symptoms. Treatment options can be divided into endoscopic and open surgical techniques. Microlaryngoscopic scar reduction by laser followed by balloon dilation usually delivers good short-term results...
September 2016: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
Jianwei Guo, Jianguo Zhang, Shengru Wang, Hai Wang, Yanbin Zhang, Yang Yang, Xinyu Yang, Lijuan Zhao
BACKGROUND: Posterior hemivertebra resection has become a safe and effective procedure for congenital scoliosis due to hemivertebra. However, there are still complications following primary posterior hemivertebra resection in recent reports. No risk factors associated with construct/implant related complications were identified so far. The purpose of this study is to analyze complications following primary posterior hemivertebra resection and to investigate the possible risk factors associated with construct/implant related complications in congenital scoliosis cases due to hemivertebra...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Andreas K Filis, Lary A Robinson, Frank D Vrionis
BACKGROUND: Surgical outcomes for Pancoast (superior sulcus) tumors of the lung have significantly changed during the last few decades and have improved with use of curative-intent surgery by utilizing en bloc complete resections. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 11 selected patients treated at Moffitt Cancer Center from 2007 to 2016. Data from patient records were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: All 11 patients with a Pancoast tumor involving the first rib had their T1 root preserved at surgery...
July 2016: Cancer Control: Journal of the Moffitt Cancer Center
Jonathan D Spicer, Jitesh B Shewale, Mara B Antonoff, Arlene M Correa, Wayne B Hofstetter, David C Rice, Ara A Vaporciyan, Reza J Mehran, Garrett L Walsh, Jack A Roth, Stephen G Swisher, Boris Sepesi
BACKGROUND: Emerging technologies for prosthetic reconstruction after chest wall resection have yielded a wide variety of reconstructive options for thoracic surgeons. The ideal chest wall reconstruction and its impact on perioperative outcomes has not been well defined. Our goal was to determine whether mesh characteristics such as rigidity or absorbability altered perioperative pulmonary and infectious outcomes. METHODS: Our institutional database was queried for patients who underwent chest wall resection and reconstruction for primary or secondary chest wall tumors between the years 1998 and 2013...
August 12, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Tao Jiang, Junmei Wang, Ying Wang, Chunde Li
BACKGROUND: Very young children with Gorlin syndrome are at risk for developing medulloblastoma. Patients with Gorlin syndrome may have multiple system abnormalities, including basal cell carcinomas, jaw cysts, desmoplastic medulloblastoma, palmar/plantar pits, rib abnormalities, and intracranial falx calcification. The early diagnosis of Gorlin syndrome in desmoplastic medulloblastoma patients is very important because these patients should receive chemotherapy as a first-line treatment and should avoid radiotherapy as much as possible...
2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Yu Liu, Tao Lu, Hong Fan, Songtao Xu, Jianyong Ding, Zongwu Lin, Qun Wang
Background Non-thyrogenic and non-thymic mediastinal tumors of the thoracic inlet are in close proximity to several important vessels and nerves. The narrow confines of the thoracic inlet make complete excision of these tumors difficult, and selecting the appropriate surgical approach is important to successful resection. Methods Records from 57 patients who presented to our department with non-thyrogenic and non-thymogenic tumors of the thoracic inlet from November 2004 to November 2015 were reviewed. All but one of the patients received surgical treatment...
August 5, 2016: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
Soichi Oka, Hiroki Matsumiya, Syuichi Shinohara, Taiji Kuwata, Masaru Takenaka, Yasuhiro Chikaishi, Ayako Hirai, Naoko Imanishi, Koji Kuroda, Hidetaka Uramoto, Eiichiro Nakamura, Fumihiro Tanaka
INTRODUCTION: Surgery for primary lung cancer invading the spine remains challenging. Here, we present a case of superior sulcus tumor (SST) with vertebral invasion, successfully resected with total vertebrectomy (Th2) and dissection of involved apical chest wall and the subclavian artery (SCA). PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 62-year-old man was referred with the diagnosis of lung squamous cell carcinoma originating from left upper lobe (clinical stage IIIA/T4N0M0) involving the thoracic vertebrae (Th2) as well as the apical chest wall including three ribs (1st, 2nd and 3rd) and SCA...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Pengcheng Zhu, Naping Li, Lu Yu, Mariajose Navia Miranda, Guoping Wang, Yaqi Duan
Histiocytosis is an uncommon disease characterized by excessive accumulation of histiocytes. Here, we report a rare case of non-Langerhans-cell histiocytosis in a 51-year-old woman who presented with severe symptoms of pericardial effusion. Radiologic investigation also detected multiple bone (lower limbs, vertebrae, ribs, and ilium) lesions. Resected pericardium showed abundant mono- or multi-nucleated non-foamy histiocytes (CD68+/CD163+/S-100+/CD1α-/Langerin-) in a fibroinflammatory background. The histiocytes demonstrated emperipolesis of lymphocytes, a hallmark feature of Rosai-Dorfman Disease (RDD)...
July 28, 2016: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Aysen Taslak Sengul, Yasemin Bilgin Buyukkkarabacak, Berrin Zuhal Altunkaynak, Tulin Durgun Yetim, Gamze Yayla Altun, Bilal Sengul, Ahmet Basoglu
BACKGROUND: In cases of congenital chest wall deformities, it is important to maintain the flexibility of the chest wall after rib cartilage resection. In this study, we aimed to determine the regeneration capability of cartilage and the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the regeneration process. METHODS: A total of 16 four-week-old New Zealand rabbits were used in this study. In the 4th-5th right costal cartilages, the perichondrial sheaths were dissected and costal cartilages were excised...
August 3, 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
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