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Coronary artery calcium OR intima media thickness AND Neck

C P Baena, P A Lotufo, I S Santos, A C Goulart, M S Bittencourt, B B Duncan, S Liu, I M Benseñor
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: It is uncertain whether neck circumference can be a risk indicator for subclinical atherosclerosis. We aimed to investigate their relationships measured by coronary artery calcium (CAC) and common carotid intima-media thickness (cc-IMT) with neck circumference in ELSA-Brasil. METHODS AND RESULTS: In cross-sectional and sex-specific analyses of 2266 women (50.6 ± 8.4 yrs) and 1886 men (50.7 ± 9.0 yrs) with both cc-IMT and CAC, free from previous cardiovascular disease at baseline, we built logistic models using diverse cut-off points for CAC score (0 vs > 0, < 100 vs ≥ 100, < 400 vs ≥ 400 Agatston units) and cc-IMT (< 75 th percentile vs ≥ 75 th; <90th percentile vs ≥ 90 th) as dependent variables, after which adjustments for age and traditional cardiovascular risk factors were made...
March 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Yashashwi Pokharel, Francisco Y Macedo, Vijay Nambi, Seth S Martin, Khurram Nasir, Nathan D Wong, Jeffrey Boone, Arthur J Roberts, Christie M Ballantyne, Salim S Virani
BACKGROUND: Neck circumference (NC) is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the general population. It is not known if NC is associated with MetS and subclinical atherosclerosis in retired National Football League (NFL) players. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that NC is associated with MetS and subclinical atherosclerosis (assessed as coronary artery calcium [CAC] and carotid artery plaque [CAP]) in retired NFL players. METHODS: NC was measured midway between the midcervical spine and midanterior neck in 845 retired NFL players...
July 2014: Clinical Cardiology
Henrik Sillesen, Pieter Muntendam, Aram Adourian, Robert Entrekin, Mario Garcia, Erling Falk, Valentin Fuster
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare carotid plaque burden, carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), ankle-brachial index (ABI), and abdominal aortic diameter (AAD) to coronary artery calcium score (CACS) in people without known cardiovascular disease. BACKGROUND: The clinical utility of risk factors to predict cardiovascular events is limited. Detection of subclinical atherosclerosis by noninvasive tests such as CACS, cIMT, carotid plaque burden, AAD, and ABI may improve risk prediction above that of established risk scoring models, namely, Framingham Risk Score...
July 2012: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
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