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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545490/glutamate-signaling-through-the-nmda-receptor-reduces-the-expression-of-scleraxis-in-plantaris-tendon-derived-cells
#1
Christoph Spang, Ludvig J Backman, Sandrine Le Roux, Jialin Chen, Patrik Danielson
BACKGROUND: A body of evidence demonstrating changes to the glutaminergic system in tendinopathy has recently emerged. This hypothesis was further tested by studying the effects of glutamate on the tenocyte phenotype, and the impact of loading and exposure to glucocorticoids on the glutamate signaling machinery. METHODS: Plantaris tendon tissue and cultured plantaris tendon derived cells were immunohisto-/cytochemically stained for glutamate, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate receptor 1 (NMDAR1) and vesicular glutamate transporter 2 (VGluT2)...
May 25, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541804/introduction-to-the-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-and-the-healthcare-infection-control-practices-advisory-committee-guideline-for-the-prevention-of-surgical-site-infections
#2
Joseph S Solomkin, John Mazuski, Joan C Blanchard, Kamal M F Itani, Philip Ricks, E Patchen Dellinger, George Allen, Rachel Kelz, Caroline E Reinke, Sandra I Berríos-Torres
Surgical site infection (SSI) is a common type of health-care-associated infection (HAI) and adds considerably to the individual, social, and economic costs of surgical treatment. This document serves to introduce the updated Guideline for the Prevention of SSI from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). The Core section of the guideline addresses issues relevant to multiple surgical specialties and procedures. The second procedure-specific section focuses on a high-volume, high-burden procedure: Prosthetic joint arthroplasty...
May 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537087/a-comparison-of-characteristics-and-food-insecurity-coping-strategies-between-international-and-domestic-postsecondary-students-using-a-food-bank-located-on-a-university-campus
#3
Mahitab Hanbazaza, Geoff D C Ball, Anna P Farmer, Katerina Maximova, Jasmine Farahbakhsh, Noreen D Willows
PURPOSE: We compared food insecurity status, coping strategies, demographic characteristics, and self-rated health of international and domestic postsecondary students requesting emergency food hampers from a campus food bank (CFB). METHODS: We collected data from a cross-sectional convenience sample of domestic and international students who accessed the CFB at the University of Alberta. RESULTS: Food insecurity was prevalent (international students: n = 26/27 (96...
May 24, 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536575/inflammatory-long-pentraxin-3-is-associated-with-leukocyte-telomere-length-in-night-shift-workers
#4
Sofia Pavanello, Mariarita Stendardo, Giuseppe Mastrangelo, Melissa Bonci, Barbara Bottazzi, Manuela Campisi, Marco Nardini, Roberto Leone, Alberto Mantovani, Piera Boschetto
Aging is an emerging worldwide threat to public health, even in the workplace, as it links with risk of illness and death. Bewildered inflammatory responses and stressful conditions associate with age-related disorders. Additionally, circadian rhythm disruption, a critical health issue in night-shift workers, correlates with premature aging. We investigated the hypothesis of a link between altered inflammatory response, detected by plasmatic long pentraxin 3 (PTX3), and biological aging, measured by leukocyte telomere length (LTL), attrition, and possibly induced by night-shift work...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536568/comparing-the-genetic-diversity-and-antimicrobial-resistance-profiles-of-campylobacter-jejuni-recovered-from-cattle-and-humans
#5
Wonhee Cha, Rebekah E Mosci, Samantha L Wengert, Cristina Venegas Vargas, Steven R Rust, Paul C Bartlett, Daniel L Grooms, Shannon D Manning
Campylobacter jejuni, a leading cause of gastroenteritis in humans, is a foodborne pathogen that can reside in chickens, pigs, and cattle. Because resistance to fluoroquinolones and macrolides, which are commonly used to treat human infections, has emerged in C. jejuni, it is imperative to continously monitor resistance patterns and examine the genetic variation in strains from human infections and animal reservoirs. Our previous study of C. jejuni from human campylobacteriosis cases showed a significantly higher rate of tetracycline resistance compared to national trends, and identified multilocus sequence type (ST)-982 and a history of cattle contact to be associated with tetracycline resistance...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536541/revisiting-the-link-between-job-satisfaction-and-life-satisfaction-the-role-of-basic-psychological-needs
#6
Wenceslao Unanue, Marcos E Gómez, Diego Cortez, Juan C Oyanedel, Andrés Mendiburo-Seguel
The link between job satisfaction and life satisfaction has been extensively explored in the relevant literature. However, the great majority of past research has been carried out using cross-sectional analyses, and almost exclusively in the Western world. Moreover, the underlying psychological mechanisms explaining the link are not yet completely understood. Thus, we report the first research to date which uses both cross-sectional and longitudinal data among workers in Chile-a fast-developing Latin American economy-and which aims to tackle previous limitations...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535940/-postpartum-hemorrhage-and-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-during-emergency-lower-segment-cesarean-section-dexmedetomidine-to-our-rescue
#7
Uma Hariharan
Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective α-2 agonist which has recently revolutionized our anesthesia and intensive care practice. An obstetric patient presented for emergency cesarean delivery under general anesthesia, with pre-eclampsia and postpartum hemorrhage. In carefully selected cases with refractory hypertension and postpartum hemorrhage, dexmedetomidine can be used for improving overall patient outcome. It was beneficial in controlling both the blood pressure and uterine bleeding during cesarean section in our patient...
May 20, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532941/cataract-surgery-practices-in-the-united-states-veterans-health-administration
#8
Annika G Havnaer, Paul B Greenberg, Glenn C Cockerham, Melissa A Clark, Amy Chomsky
PURPOSE: To describe current cataract surgery practices within the United States Veterans Health Administration (VHA). SETTING: Veterans Health Administration hospitals in the U.S. DESIGN: Retrospective data analysis. METHODS: An initial e-mail containing a link to an anonymous 32-question survey of cataract surgery practices was sent to participants in May 2016. Two reminder e-mails were sent to nonresponders 1 week and 2 weeks after the initial survey was sent; the remaining nonresponders were called twice over a 2-week period...
April 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528595/implications-of-white-striping-and-spaghetti-meat-abnormalities-on-meat-quality-and-histological-features-in-broilers
#9
G Baldi, F Soglia, M Mazzoni, F Sirri, L Canonico, E Babini, L Laghi, C Cavani, M Petracci
During the past few years, there has been an increasing prevalence of broiler breast muscle abnormalities, such as white striping (WS) and wooden breast conditions. More recently, a new muscular abnormality termed as spaghetti meat (SM) because of the altered structural integrity of the Pectoralis major muscle often associated with WS has emerged. Thus, this study aimed at evaluating the effects of WS and SM conditions, occurring alone or combined within the same P. major muscle, on meat quality traits and muscle histology...
May 22, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528209/parental-monitoring-among-young-men-who-have-sex-with-men-associations-with-sexual-activity-and-hiv-related-sexual-risk-behaviors
#10
Brian C Thoma
PURPOSE: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are at disproportionate risk for HIV infection. Parental monitoring is protective against adolescent sexual risk behavior among heterosexual adolescents, yet it is unclear whether these findings generalize to YMSM. YMSM experience unique family dynamics during adolescence, including coming out to parents and parental rejection of sexual orientation. The present study examined how theoretically derived parental monitoring constructs were associated with sexual activity and sexual risk behaviors among YMSM...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524032/-preoperative-risk-factors-analysis-of-pulmonary-hypertension-crisis-during-perioperative-period-for-caesarean-section-of-woman-with-severe-pulmonary-hypertension
#11
Chunlei Zhang, Yaguang Liu, Enming Qing, Jun Ma
OBJECTIVE: To analyze preoperative risk factors of perioperative pulmonary hypertension crisis (PHC) for pregnant woman with severe pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH), and approach its clinical value. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted. The clinical data from 152 pregnant women with severe PAH underwent cesarean delivery admitted to Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 1st 2008 to December 31st 2016 was collected. The patients were divided into two groups according to with perioperative PHC or not...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521869/high-fgf21-levels-are-associated-with-altered-bone-homeostasis-in-hiv-1-infected-patients
#12
José M Gallego-Escuredo, Maria Karuna Lamarca, Joan Villarroya, Joan C Domingo, Ma Gracia Mateo, Ma Del Mar Gutierrez, Francesc Vidal, Francesc Villarroya, Pere Domingo, Marta Giralt
BACKGROUND: Fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF21) has emerged as an important regulator of glucose, lipid, and body weight homeostasis. However, recent experimental studies have reported that increased FGF21 levels may lead to bone loss. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship of serum FGF21 levels and altered bone homeostasis in HIV-1-infected patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of 137 HIV-1-infected patients and 35 healthy controls conducted at the Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona...
June 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505337/sex-differences-in-brain-regions-modulating-pain-among-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-resting-state-functional-connectivity-study
#13
Todd B Monroe, Roger B Fillingim, Stephen P Bruehl, Baxter P Rogers, Mary S Dietrich, John C Gore, Sebastian W Atalla, Ronald L Cowan
Objective.:  A long-standing hypothesis is that when compared with males, females may be at increased risk of experiencing greater pain sensitivity and unpleasantness. The purpose of this study was to examine sex differences in pain psychophysics and resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) in core pain regions in an age- and sex-matched sample of healthy older adults. Design.:  Between groups, cross-sectional. Setting.:  Vanderbilt University and Medical Center...
May 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496225/altmetric-analysis-of-2015-dental-literature-a-cross-sectional-survey
#14
J Kolahi, P Iranmanesh, S Khazaei
Introduction To report and analyse Altmetric data of all dental articles and journals in 2015.Methods To identify all 2015 dental articles, PubMed was searched via Altmetric platform using the following query: ("2015/1/1"[PDAT]: "2015/12/31"[PDAT]) AND jsubsetd[text] NOT 2016[PDAT] on November 12, 2016. Altmetric data of all 2015 dental articles and journals were extracted and analysed by Microsoft Office Excel 2016 using descriptive statistics, graphs and trend-line analysis. To find the most important and influential Altmetric factors, multi-layered perceptron artificial neural network was employed using SPSS 22...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493608/the-epidemiology-of-emergency-department-trauma-discharges-in-the-united-states
#15
Charles J DiMaggio, Jacob B Avraham, David C Lee, Spiros G Frangos, Stephen P Wall
OBJECTIVE: Injury related morbidity and mortality is an important emergency medicine and public health challenge in the United States (US). Here we describe the epidemiology of traumatic injury presenting to US emergency departments, define changes in types and causes of injury among the elderly and the young, characterize the role of trauma centers and teaching hospitals in providing emergency trauma care, and estimate the overall economic burden of treating such injuries. METHODS: We conducted a secondary retrospective, repeated cross-sectional study of the Nationwide Emergency Department Data Sample (NEDS), the largest all-payer emergency department survey database in the US...
May 11, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493544/recurrence-patterns-following-irreversible-electroporation-for-hepatic-malignancies
#16
Russell C Langan, Debra A Goldman, Michael I D'Angelica, Ronald P DeMatteo, Peter J Allen, Vinod P Balachandran, William R Jarnagin, T Peter Kingham
BACKGROUND: Irreversible electroporation (IRE) has emerged as a novel, safe ablative therapy for peri-vascular lesions. However, there remains a paucity of data on long-term outcomes. METHODS: We identified patients who underwent open IRE (1/2011-6/2015) for primary and secondary hepatic malignancies. Local ablation-zone recurrence (LR) was determined by cross-sectional imaging. Cumulative incidence (CumI) of LR was calculated and a competing risks regression assessed factors associated with LR...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490355/regional-inequity-in-complete-antenatal-services-and-public-emergency-obstetric-care-is-associated-with-greater-burden-of-maternal-deaths-analysis-from-consecutive-district-level-facility-survey-of-karnataka-india
#17
M Himanshu, Carina Källestål
BACKGROUND: This equity focused evaluation analyses change in inter-district inequity of maternal health services (MHS) in Karnataka state between 2006-07 & 2012-13, alongside association of MHS inequity with distribution of maternal deaths. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional analysis of inequity and decomposition was done on nine district level MHS indicators using Theil's T index. Data was obtained from population linked district level facility surveys and health information systems...
May 11, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487019/dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri-of-the-placenta-a-tool-for-prenatal-diagnosis-of-placenta-accreta
#18
A E Millischer, B Deloison, S Silvera, Y Ville, N Boddaert, D Balvay, N Siauve, C A Cuenod, V Ttsatsaris, L Sentilhes, L J Salomon
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound (US) is the primary imaging modality for the diagnosis of placenta accreta, but it is not sufficiently accurate. MRI morphologic criteria have recently emerged as a useful tool in this setting, but their analysis is too subjective. Recent studies suggest that gadolinium enhancement may help to distinguish between the stretched myometrium and placenta within a scar area. However, objective MRI criteria are still required for prenatal diagnosis of placenta accreta...
May 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483453/bivalent-o-glycoside-mimetics-with-s-disulfide-se-substitutions-and-aromatic-core-synthesis-molecular-modeling-and-inhibitory-activity-on-biomedically-relevant-lectins-in-assays-of-increasing-physiological-relevance
#19
Herbert Kaltner, Tamás Szabó, Krisztina Fehér, Sabine André, Sára Balla, Joachim C Manning, László Szilágyi, Hans-Joachim Gabius
The emerging significance of recognition of cellular glycans by lectins for diverse aspects of pathophysiology is a strong incentive for considering development of bioactive and non-hydrolyzable glycoside derivatives, for example by introducing S/Se atoms and the disulfide group instead of oxygen into the glycosidic linkage. We report the synthesis of 12 bivalent thio-, disulfido- and selenoglycosides attached to benzene/naphthalene cores. They present galactose, for blocking a plant toxin, or lactose, the canonical ligand of adhesion/growth-regulatory galectins...
April 9, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481283/beverage-intake-smoking-behavior-and-alcohol-consumption-in-contemporary-china-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-the-2011-china-health-and-nutrition-survey
#20
Yen-Han Lee, Zhi Wang, Timothy C Chiang, Ching-Ti Liu
Chinese residents enjoy various types of beverages in their daily life. With the rapid Westernization of contemporary China, several adverse health concerns-such as diabetes linked to sweetened beverages-have emerged. Until now, no research that examines associations between beverage consumption and smoking/drinking behaviors has been made available, despite the large Chinese populations partaking in such activities. We conducted a cross-sectional study to explore the association between beverage intake frequencies and smoking/drinking behaviors in 12,634 adult respondents who participated in the latest wave (2011) of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS)...
May 7, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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