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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192644/perioperative-antibiotics-for-prevention-of-acute-endophthalmitis-after-cataract-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Emily W Gower, Kristina Lindsley, Samantha E Tulenko, Afshan A Nanji, Ilya Leyngold, Peter J McDonnell
BACKGROUND: Endophthalmitis is a severe inflammation of the anterior or posterior (or both) chambers of the eye that may be sterile or associated with infection. It is a potentially vision-threatening complication of cataract surgery. Prophylactic measures for endophthalmitis are targeted against various sources of infection. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis for endophthalmitis following cataract surgery compared with no prophylaxis or other form of prophylaxis...
February 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183127/a-redescription-of-the-long-tailed-nesokia-i-nesokia-i-i-bunnii-i-and-designation-of-a-neotype-rodentia-muridae
#2
Boris Kryštufek, Omar F Al-Sheikhly, Rainer Hutterer
Long-tailed Nesokia, Nesokia bunnii, is a large rat restricted to the Mesopotamian marshes in Basra Province in southern Iraq. The species is known from five museum vouchers collected between March 1974 and January 1977. The type and the paratype, deposited in the Natural History Research Centre and Museum, University of Baghdad, Iraq, were destroyed during War on Iraq in 2003. By studying morphological details on three museum specimens in the Senckenberg Institution, Frankfurt a. M., Germany, we show that N...
January 4, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122106/retropharyngeal-and-parapharyngeal-abscesses-factors-in-medical-management-failure
#3
James Kosko, Justin Casey
Retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal abscesses are the most common deep neck infections in the pediatric population. How best to treat these patients, be it intravenous antibiotics or immediate surgical incision and drainage, has long been debated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate patient and abscess characteristics associated with failure of medical treatment. We retrospectively examined 46 patients between 1999 and 2009 at Arnold Palmer Children's Hospital in Orlando. Patient charts were reviewed, and data collected included age, gender of the patient, size of the abscess, days of admission to the hospital, admission to the intensive care unit, and surgical intervention, if applicable...
January 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117854/effectiveness-of-optical-illusions-%C3%A2-applied-on-a-single-composite-resin-veneer-for-the-diastema-closure-%C3%A2-of-maxillary-central-incisors
#4
Thomai Katsarou, Maria Antoniadou, Efstratios Papazoglou
OBJECTIVE: To assess the esthetic effectiveness of four illusion techniques applied to a composite resin veneer for diastema closure between maxillary central incisors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An acrylic model with six natural maxillary anterior teeth was fabricated with a 2-mm diastema between the central incisors. Resin veneers were constructed on the left central incisor and the following cases were derived: V0: no veneer; V1: veneer without optical illusion features; V2: veneer with centralized interproximal ridges; V3: veneer with curved incisal edges; V4: veneer with gray pigment mesially/distally; V5: veneer with gray pigment on the developmental lobes...
2017: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107366/comparative-analysis-of-direct-hospital-care-costs-between-aseptic-and-two-stage-septic-knee-revision
#5
Richard Kasch, Sebastian Merk, Grit Assmann, Andreas Lahm, Matthias Napp, Harry Merk, Steffen Flessa
BACKGROUND: The most common intermediate and long-term complications of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) include aseptic and septic failure of prosthetic joints. These complications cause suffering, and their management is expensive. In the future the number of revision TKA will increase, which involves a greater financial burden. Little concrete data about direct costs for aseptic and two-stage septic knee revisions with an in depth-analysis of septic explantation and implantation is available...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012823/primary-care-management-of-skin-abscesses-guided-by-ultrasound
#6
Laura J S Greenlund, Stephen P Merry, Tom D Thacher, William J Ward
BACKGROUND: Primary care providers often manage skin abscesses in the outpatient setting. Estimating the size and depth of an abscess, and distinguishing abscess from cellulitis by clinical examination can be challenging due to surrounding firm tissue induration. Definitive treatment of abscess requires incision and drainage, and the approach chosen may be altered by abscess size, depth, and surrounding neurovascular structures. METHODS: For 31 consecutive patients seen in the primary care outpatient clinic, we prospectively compared the estimated size of skin abscesses by clinical examination with that determined by ultrasound...
December 22, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996083/dressings-for-the-prevention-of-surgical-site-infection
#7
REVIEW
Jo C Dumville, Trish A Gray, Catherine J Walter, Catherine A Sharp, Tamara Page, Rhiannon Macefield, Natalie Blencowe, Thomas Kg Milne, Barnaby C Reeves, Jane Blazeby
BACKGROUND: Surgical wounds (incisions) heal by primary intention when the wound edges are brought together and secured, often with sutures, staples, or clips. Wound dressings applied after wound closure may provide physical support, protection and absorb exudate. There are many different types of wound dressings available and wounds can also be left uncovered (exposed). Surgical site infection (SSI) is a common complication of wounds and this may be associated with using (or not using) dressings, or different types of dressing...
20, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964829/the-role-of-voiding-cystourethrography-in-asymptomatic-unilateral-isolated-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-a-retrospective-study
#8
Mohammed S ElSheemy, Waleed Ghoneima, Mohammad Abdelwahhab, Waseem Aboulela, Kareem Daw, Ahmed M Shouman, Ahmed I Shoukry, Mohamed El Ghoneimy, Hany A Morsi, Hesham Badawy
INTRODUCTION: The presence of concomitant vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) and ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is uncommon. Nevertheless, the reported VUR coexisting with asymptomatic unilateral isolated hydronephrosis (AUIH) requiring pyeloplasty for correction of UPJO was of low grade and mostly resolved during conservative follow-up. Therefore, VCUG may be not indicated in these children except if voiding symptoms, urinary tract infection (UTI), dilated ureters, or bladder and ureteric abnormalities are suspected...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938650/-the-search-for-balance-in-the-therapeutic-decision-making-process-the-example-of-class-ii-malocclusion-treatments-in-children-and-adolescents
#9
Philippe Amat
INTRODUCTION: Therapeutic decision-making is essentially the key to our clinical practice, and its most medical feature. The history of orthodontics is studded with multiple intellectual debates and stand-offs between conflicting treatment philosophies, the authors of which all aspire to a balance guaranteeing optimal treatment for their patients. Among the wealth of published data, which items should we select to ensure balanced treatment decisions in our daily practice and how can we remain serene in the face of the uncertainty and loneliness engendered by therapeutic decision-making process? MATERIALS AND METHODS: Evidence-based orthodontics is an aid to clinical decisionmaking...
December 2016: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918098/functional-outcomes-after-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate-in-nursing-home-residents
#10
Anne M Suskind, Louise C Walter, Shoujun Zhao, Emily Finlayson
OBJECTIVES: To understand outcomes of transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) or transurethral laser incision of the prostate (TULIP) for the treatment of bladder outlet obstruction in men with high levels of functional dependence, which are poorly understood. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: U.S. nursing homes (NHs). PARTICIPANTS: Male NH residents aged 65 and older who underwent TURP or TULIP in the United States between 2005 and 2008 (N = 2,869)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864619/bicentric-prospective-evaluation-of-corporoplasty-with-porcine-small-intestinal-submucosa-sis-in-patients-with-severe-peyronie-s-disease
#11
K Sayedahmed, B Rosenhammer, P J Spachmann, M Burger, M Aragona, B T Kaftan, R Olianas, H M Fritsche
INTRODUCTION: Advanced Peyronie's disease (PD) with severe penile deviation demands grafting procedures following plaque incision or partial plaque excision in order to avoid penile shortening and to improve quality of life of affected patients. Small intestinal submucosa (SIS) is an established xenograft. The objective of the present study was to validate external results in a bicentric prospective manner. METHODS: Patient selection criteria, surgical technique and standards for pre- and postoperative care were defined...
November 18, 2016: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858523/laparoscopic-assisted-approach-for-penetrating-abdominal-trauma-an-underutilized-technique
#12
Modise Z Koto, Oleh Y Matsevych, Colleen Aldous
INTRODUCTION: Diagnostic laparoscopy is well accepted in the management of penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT). Therapeutic laparoscopy, on the other hand, remains controversial. In patients with multiple hollow viscera injuries, laparoscopy is usually converted to laparotomy. We aim at describing the laparoscopic-assisted technique in the management of patients with PAT. Using our experience with laparoscopy, we tailored the technique to the setting of PAT. METHODS: The laparoscopic-assisted approach (LAA) was adapted to a trauma setting and prospectively evaluated...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846167/application-of-fluorescent-cholangiography-for-determination-of-the-resection-line-during-a-single-incision-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-for-a-benign-lesion-of-the-cystic-duct-preliminary-experience
#13
Motoi Nojiri, Tsuyoshi Igami, Hiroshi Tanaka, Yoshitaka Toyoda, Tomoki Ebata, Yukihiro Yokoyama, Gen Sugawara, Takashi Mizuno, Junpei Yamaguchi, Masato Nagino
BACKGROUND: To avoid bile leakage from the stump of a cystic duct that is closed at edematous and/or involved areas, the decision regarding the location of the resection line during a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for benign lesions extending into the cystic duct is important and requires technical ingenuity. For these situations, we used fluorescent cholangiography. METHODS: Our procedure for single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy utilized the SILS-Port, and an additional pair of 5-mm forceps was inserted via an umbilical incision...
December 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818106/influences-on-vaginal-birth-after-caesarean-section-a-qualitative-study-of-taiwanese-women
#14
Mei-Man Chen, Lois McKellar, Jan Pincombe
BACKGROUND: Vaginal birth is a safe mode of birth for most women who have had a prior caesarean with a transverse incision. Despite the evidence, most Taiwanese women who have had a previous caesarean are rarely offered the opportunity to consider any possibility other than a repeat caesarean. AIM: This study explored factors affecting Taiwanese women's decisionmaking regarding vaginal birth after cesarean. METHODS: Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behaviour provided the theoretical framework to underpin the study, which adopted an interpretive descriptive methodology...
November 3, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806821/double-hit-lymphoma-arare-subset-of-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-with-poor-outcome
#15
Sajid Zaman, Jawad A Gillani, Rashid Rasheed
Double-hit lymphoma (DHL) has been identified as a subset of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with poor clinical outcomes. It is because of genetic translocation of C-myc and Bcl2 gene that make it more aggressive and un-responsive to conventional and salvage treatments. DHLis an extremely rare entity of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) having no established incidence data so far. In literature very limited data is available to guide therapeutic decisions and despite aggressive chemotherapy followed by autologus hematopoietic cell transplantation, outcomes still remain poor...
October 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798815/the-voice-of-the-patient-methodology-a-novel-mixed-methods-approach-to-identifying-treatment-goals-for-men-with-prostate-cancer
#16
Christopher S Saigal, Sylvia I Lambrechts, V Seenu Srinivasan, Ely Dahan
BACKGROUND: Many guidelines advocate the use of shared decision making for men with newly diagnosed prostate cancer. Decision aids can facilitate the process of shared decision making. Implicit in this approach is the idea that physicians understand which elements of treatment matter to patients. Little formal work exists to guide physicians or developers of decision aids in identifying these attributes. We use a mixed-methods technique adapted from marketing science, the 'Voice of the Patient', to describe and identify treatment elements of value for men with localized prostate cancer...
October 31, 2016: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776028/decision-to-incision-and-the-legal-standard-of-care
#17
Lisa A Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766276/complications-of-distal-biceps-tendon-repair-a-meta-analysis-of-single-incision-versus-double-incision-surgical-technique
#18
Nirav H Amin, Alex Volpi, T Sean Lynch, Ronak M Patel, Douglas L Cerynik, Mark S Schickendantz, Morgan H Jones
BACKGROUND: Anatomic reinsertion of the distal biceps is critical for restoring flexion and supination strength. Single- and double-incision surgical techniques have been reported, analyzing complications and outcomes measures. Which technique results in superior clinical outcomes and the lowest associated complications remains unclear. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that rerupture rates would be similar between the 2 techniques, while nerve complications would be higher for the single-incision technique and heterotopic ossification would be more frequent with the double-incision technique...
October 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765622/guidelines-of-the-french-society-of-otorhinolaryngology-sforl-second-line-treatment-of-epistaxis-in-adults
#19
B Verillaud, L Robard, J Michel, V Pruliere Escabasse, E Béquignon, L Crampette, O Malard
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the guidelines of the French Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Society (Société Française d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie et de Chirurgie de la Face et du Cou: SFORL) on second-line treatment of epistaxis in adults, after failure of anterior and/or anterior-posterior nasal packing. METHODS: A multidisciplinary work group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the above topic. Guidelines were drawn up, based on the articles retrieved and the group members' individual experience...
October 17, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745870/discovery-of-novel-plasma-proteins-as-biomarkers-for-the-development-of-incisional-hernias-after-midline-incision-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-the-colocare-study
#20
Jürgen Böhm, Frank Pianka, Nina Stüttgen, Junghyun Rho, Biljana Gigic, Yuzheng Zhang, Nina Habermann, Petra Schrotz-King, Clare Abbenhardt-Martin, Lin Zielske, Paul D Lampe, Alexis Ulrich, Markus K Diener, Cornelia M Ulrich
BACKGROUND: Ventral incisional hernia is the most common long-term complication after an abdominal operation. Among newly diagnosed colorectal cancer patients, we screened the preoperative plasma proteome to explore predictive markers for the development of an incisional hernia. METHODS: We utilized preoperative plasma samples of 72 newly diagnosed colorectal cancer patients who underwent midline incision for tumor resection between 2010 and 2013. A total of 21 patients with incisional hernia occurrence were matched with 51 patients with at least 18 months follow-up without an incisional hernia by sex, age, and body mass index...
October 13, 2016: Surgery
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