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Qualitative Methodology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351132/mixed-methods-approach-to-humanistic-interprofessional-faculty-development
#1
Alice Fornari, Leanne M Tortez, Monika Lay, Bruce Hirsch, Donna Tanzi, Isabel Friedman, Alison P Ricardo, Renee Pekmezaris, William Branch
INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Mentoring and Professionalism in Training (MAP-IT) program, a longitudinal, interprofessional faculty development curriculum designed to enhance clinicians' humanistic mentoring skills, specifically nurses and physicians. METHODS: During 2014 to 2016, two consecutive cohorts of nurses and physicians completed the MAP-IT program. Participants included 169 high potential mentors (HPMs) and 61 facilitator leaders...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350776/the-existential-experience-of-everyday-life-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#2
Janni Lisander Larsen, Elisabeth O C Hall, Søren Jacobsen, Regner Birkelund
AIM: To explore, from the perspective of women the nature of basic existential conditions while living with systemic lupus erythematosus. BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus has an unpredictable disease course and is documented to cause an existential rearrangement of life. The significance of changes in existential conditions and related experiences are unclear in the context of nursing and women with systemic lupus erythematosus. DESIGN: A qualitative design guided by Van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological methodology...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350656/italian-version-of-dyspnoea-12-cultural-linguistic-validation-quantitative-and-qualitative-content-validity-study
#3
Rosario Caruso, Cristina Arrigoni, Katia Groppelli, Arianna Magon, Federica Dellafiore, Francesco Pittella, Anna Maria Grugnetti, Massimo Chessa, Janelle Yorke
BACKGROUND: Dyspnoea-12 is a valid and reliable scale to assess dyspneic symptom, considering its severity, physical and emotional components. However, it is not available in Italian version due to it was not yet translated and validated. For this reason, the aim of this study was to develop an Italian version Dyspnoea-12, providing a cultural and linguistic validation, supported by the quantitative and qualitative content validity. METHODS: This was a methodological study, divided into two phases: phase one is related to the cultural and linguistic validation, phase two is related to test the quantitative and qualitative content validity...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350073/in-their-own-words-a-synthesis-of-the-qualitative-research-on-the-experiences-of-adults-seeking-asylum-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-findings-in-forced-migration
#4
Thomas Hoare, Andrew Vidgen, Neil Roberts
Quantitative research indicates that some forced migrants have mental health needs. Asylum seekers are a group of forced migrants applying for asylum status in a host country, and are often subject to rights restrictions and threat of deportation, though little is known about subjective experiences of the asylum journey and process of claiming asylum. The current paper therefore describes a systematic review of the qualitative literature, examining asylum seekers experiences of asylum journey, from country of origin, to arrival and adaptation to host countries...
December 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349651/epidemiology-of-head-injuries-focusing-on-concussions-in-team-contact-sports-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Annika Prien, Alexander Grafe, Roland Rössler, Astrid Junge, Evert Verhagen
BACKGROUND: Although injuries to the head represent a small proportion of all sport injuries, they are of great concern due to their potential long-term consequences, which are even suspected in mild traumatic brain injuries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to compare the incidence of concussions and other head injuries in elite level football, rugby, ice hockey and American Football. METHODS: Four electronic databases (CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, PubMed) were searched...
January 18, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347933/a-systematic-review-on-the-use-of-healthcare-services-by-undocumented-migrants-in-europe
#6
Marjolein Winters, Bernd Rechel, Lea de Jong, Milena Pavlova
BACKGROUND: Undocumented migrants face particular challenges in accessing healthcare services in many European countries. The aim of this study was to systematically review the academic literature on the utilization of healthcare services by undocumented migrants in Europe. METHODS: The databases Embase, Medline, Global Health and Cinahl Plus were searched systematically to identify quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods studies published in 2007-2017. RESULTS: A total of 908 articles were retrieved...
January 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347365/solution-x-ray-scattering-and-structure-formation-in-protein-dynamics
#7
Alexandr Nasedkin, Jan Davidsson, Antti J Niemi, Xubiao Peng
We propose a computationally effective approach that builds on Landau mean-field theory in combination with modern nonequilibrium statistical mechanics to model and interpret protein dynamics and structure formation in small- to wide-angle x-ray scattering (S/WAXS) experiments. We develop the methodology by analyzing experimental data in the case of Engrailed homeodomain protein as an example. We demonstrate how to interpret S/WAXS data qualitatively with a good precision and over an extended temperature range...
December 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346395/evaluation-of-participatory-teaching-methods-in-undergraduate-medical-students-learning-along-the-first-academic-courses
#8
Beatriz Gal, Margarita Rubio, Eva Iglesias, Purificación González
The European Higher Education Area (EHEA) is an opportunity to redesign medical education. Academic training is now focused on acquiring not only knowledge, but also those competencies critical to face complex professional scenarios. Together with re-evaluating traditional teaching methods, EHEA has forced a technological shift in the way we teach. By critically assessing the impact of novel teaching methodologies, we can better define biomedical education demands. Here, we address this question on a sample of medical students instructed in basic subjects along the first two academic courses...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345501/-it-s-nothing-you-could-ever-prepare-anyone-for-the-experiences-of-young-people-and-their-families-following-parental-stroke
#9
Clare Coppock, Scott Ferguson, Anna Green, David Winter
AIMS: This study sought to explore the experiences of young people (aged 8-16) and their families following parental acquired brain injury (ABI), with the aim of developing an understanding of the ways in which members of a family make sense of events post-injury, and to consider the implications of different perspectives on adjustment and coping. DESIGN: The study applied a qualitative approach using a thematic analysis methodology. PROCEDURE: Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 individuals from three families affected by parental stroke...
January 18, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345224/therapy-interventions-for-children-with-neurodisabilities-a-qualitative-scoping-study
#10
Bryony Beresford, Susan Clarke, Jane Maddison
BACKGROUND: Therapy interventions emerged four times in the top 10 research priorities in a James Lind Alliance research prioritisation exercise for children with neurodisabilities (Morris C, Simkiss D, Busk M, Morris M, Allard A, Denness J, et al. Setting research priorities to improve the health of children and young people with neurodisability: a British Academy of Childhood Disability-James Lind Alliance Research Priority Setting Partnership. BMJ Open 2015;5:e006233). The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) commissioned this study as part of an information-gathering exercise in response to this...
January 2018: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341016/oxygenation-imaging-by-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-methods
#11
Heling Zhou, Nuria Arias-Ramos, Pilar López-Larrubia, Ralph P Mason, Sebastián Cerdán, Jesús Pacheco-Torres
Oxygen monitoring is a topic of exhaustive research due to its central role in many biological processes, from energy metabolism to gene regulation. The ability to monitor in vivo the physiological distribution and the dynamics of oxygen from subcellular to macroscopic levels is a prerequisite to better understand the mechanisms associated with both normal and disease states (cancer, neurodegeneration, stroke, etc.). This chapter focuses on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based techniques to assess oxygenation in vivo...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340515/-illegitimate-patients-undocumented-immigrants-access-to-health-care-in-chile
#12
Nanette Liberona Concha, Miguel Ángel Mansilla
In recent decades, Chile has become a destination for immigrants from other South American countries, which has significantly impacted public services - particularly the public health system - at the economic, social, and cultural levels. The aim of this paper is to provide substantiated information on issues concerning undocumented immigrants' access to health care in Chile. A qualitative methodology, fundamentally an ethnography of the clinical setting, was used. Results were then analyzed in relation to theories of power asymmetries and interethnic relations...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340235/evidence-based-design-and-evaluation-of-a-whole-genome-sequencing-clinical-report-for-the-reference-microbiology-laboratory
#13
Anamaria Crisan, Geoffrey McKee, Tamara Munzner, Jennifer L Gardy
Background: Microbial genome sequencing is now being routinely used in many clinical and public health laboratories. Understanding how to report complex genomic test results to stakeholders who may have varying familiarity with genomics-including clinicians, laboratorians, epidemiologists, and researchers-is critical to the successful and sustainable implementation of this new technology; however, there are no evidence-based guidelines for designing such a report in the pathogen genomics domain...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337228/monitoring-the-prevalence-of-genetically-modified-gm-maize-in-iran-food-products
#14
Motahreh Sadat Hosseini, Gilda Eslami, Bahador Hajimohammadi, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Zahra Derakhshan, Gea Oliveri Conti, Margherita Ferrante
Maize, the second most important genetically modified (GM) crop, and an ingredient in many foodstuffs worldwide. Regulations for both the labeling and the traceability of GMOs in feed chains are coming into force worldwide. To provide consumer's information, labelling for food products containing more than 0.9% of GM material is demanded by the actual EU legislation. Analysis of foods is then essential to detect and quantify GM maize material and verify the compliance with labelling information. For this purpose, reliable and accurate detection methods are a necessity...
January 11, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336391/design-and-standardization-of-tools-for-assessing-the-perceived-heart-risk-and-heart-health-literacy-in-iran
#15
Habibolah Khazaei, Saeid Komasi, Ali Zakiei, Mohsen Rezaei, Peyman Hatamian, Mohammad Jashnpoor, Mozhgan Saeidi
OBJECTIVES: The aim is to achieve the standard tools for heart health, the present study aimed to design, develop, and standardize the two questionnaires of perceived heart risk scale (PHRS) and heart health literacy scale (HHLS). METHODS: The present study was a methodological research conducted on the residents of Kermanshah Province, Iran, using the multi-stage cluster sampling. Further, considering the scientific methods in the psychometric field, the design of the research questionnaires was conducted...
January 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336174/modularising-outpatient-care-delivery-a-mixed-methods-case-study-at-a-finnish-university-hospital
#16
Katariina Silander, Paulus Torkki, Antti Peltokorpi, Aino Lepäntalo, Maija Tarkkanen, Petri Bono, Katariina Klintrup, Minna Kaila
Background Modularisation is a potential means to develop health care delivery by combining standardisation and customisation. However, little is known about the effects of modularisation on hospital care. The objective was to analyse how modularisation may change and support health care delivery in specialised hospital care. Methods A mixed methods case study methodology was applied using both qualitative and quantitative data, including interviews, field notes, documents, service usage data, bed count and personnel resource data...
January 1, 2018: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335322/identifying-patterns-of-communication-in-patients-attending-memory-clinics-a-systematic-review-of-observations-and-signs-with-potential-diagnostic-utility
#17
Cate Bailey, Norman Poole, Daniel J Blackburn
BACKGROUND: Subjective cognitive complaints are commonly encountered in primary care and often result in memory clinic referral. However, meta-analyses have shown that such concerns do not consistently correspond to objective memory impairment or predict future dementia. Memory clinic referrals are increasing, with greater proportions of patients attending who do not have dementia. Studies of interaction during memory clinic assessments have identified conversational profiles that can differentiate between dementia and functional disorders of memory...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334811/the-experiences-of-physical-rehabilitation-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injuries-a-qualitative-thematic-synthesis
#18
Janelle Unger, Hardeep Singh, Avril Mansfield, Sander L Hitzig, Erica Lenton, Kristin E Musselman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this thematic synthesis review was to identify and synthesise published qualitative research on the perspectives of individuals with spinal cord injuries with respect to physical rehabilitation interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The peer-reviewed literature was searched across seven databases and identified abstracts were independently screened by two reviewers. A thematic synthesis methodology was used to code and synthesise the results from the included studies...
January 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334516/computer-based-training-in-eating-and-nutrition-facilitates-person-centered-hospital-care-a-group-concept-mapping-study
#19
Albert Westergren, Ellinor Edfors, Erika Norberg, Anna Stubbendorff, Gita Hedin, Martin Wetterstrand, Scott R Rosas, Peter Hagell
Studies have shown that computer-based training in eating and nutrition for hospital nursing staff increased the likelihood that patients at risk of undernutrition would receive nutritional interventions. This article seeks to provide understanding from the perspective of nursing staff of conceptually important areas for computer-based nutritional training, and their relative importance to nutritional care, following completion of the training. Group concept mapping, an integrated qualitative and quantitative methodology, was used to conceptualize important factors relating to the training experiences through four focus groups (n = 43), statement sorting (n = 38), and importance rating (n = 32), followed by multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis...
January 12, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334170/representing-causal-knowledge-in-environmental-policy-interventions-advantages-and-opportunities-for-qualitative-influence-diagram-applications
#20
John F Carriger, Brian E Dyson, William H Benson
This article develops and explores a methodology for using qualitative influence diagrams in environmental policy and management to support decision making efforts that minimize risk and increase resiliency. Influence diagrams are representations of the conditional aspects of a problem domain. Their graphical properties are useful for structuring causal knowledge relevant to policy interventions and can be used to enhance inference and inclusivity of multiple viewpoints. Qualitative components of influence diagrams are beneficial tools for identifying and examining the interactions among the critical variables in complex policy development and implementation...
January 15, 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
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