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Qualitative Methodology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161603/-37-cl-compound-specific-isotope-analysis-and-assessment-of-functional-genes-for-monitoring-monochlorobenzene-mcb-biodegradation-under-aerobic-conditions
#1
Massimo Marchesi, Luca Alberti, Orfan Shouakar-Stash, Ilaria Pietrini, Francesca de Ferra, Giovanna Carpani, Ramon Aravena, Andrea Franzetti, Tatiana Stella
A laboratory approach was adopted in this study to explore the potential of (37)Cl-CSIA in combination with (13)C-CSIA and Biological Molecular Tools (BMTs) to estimate the occurrence of monochloroenzene (MCB) aerobic biodegradation. A new analytical method for (37)Cl-CSIA of MCB was developed in this study. This methodology using a GC-IRMS allowed to determine δ(37)Cl values within an internal error of ±0.3‰. Samples from a heavily MCB contaminated site were collected and MCB aerobic biodegradation microcosms with indigenous cultures in natural and enhanced conditions were set up...
November 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160489/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-filial-responsibility-protocol-for-use-in-brazil
#2
Marines Aires, Fernanda Laís Fengler Dal Pizzol, Duane Mocellin, Idiane Rosset, Eliane Pinheiro de Morais, Lisiane Manganelli Girardi Paskulin
OBJECTIVE: To carry out a cross-cultural adaptation of the Filial Responsibility protocol for use in Brazil with adult child caregivers for elderly parents. METHOD: A methodological study that included the steps of initial translation, synthesis of translations, back-translation, committee of experts, pre-test, evaluation of psychometric measures and submission to authors. The protocol comprises a qualitative step, closed questions and seven scales: Filial Expectation, Subsidiary Compassion, Caregiver burden, Life Satisfaction, Personal Well-being and Quality of Relationships...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160472/technical-nursing-students-interacting-with-family-members-of-hospitalized-children
#3
Juliana Yukari Takahashi Onishi, Circéa Amália Ribeiro, Maria Cristina Ferreira Carlos Rodrigues da Silva, Regina Issuzu Hirooka de Borba
OBJECTIVE: To understand technical nursing students' meaning of interacting with family members of hospitalized children. METHOD: Symbolic Interactionism was used as the theoretical framework and Qualitative Content Analysis was the methodological procedure. A total of eight graduates from an institution situated in the city of Osasco, Sao Paulo state, participated in this study. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews. RESULTS: A total of five representative themes were revealed: Dealing with difficult situations with family members; Perceiving oneself to be unprepared to interact with family members; Family members being a helpful tool; Developing strategies to obtain a good interaction with family members; and Teachers being facilitators of the interaction with family members...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160345/influence-of-the-cranial-base-flexion-on-class-i-ii-and-iii-malocclusions-a-systematic-review
#4
Kélei Cristina Mathias de Almeida, Taísa Boamorte Raveli, Camila Ivini Viana Vieira, Ary Dos Santos-Pinto, Dirceu Barnabé Raveli
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review on the morphological characteristics of the skull base (flexion, anterior length and posterior length) and the concomitant development of malocclusions, by comparing differences in dimorphism, ethnicity and age. METHODS: The articles were selected by means of electronic search on BBO, MEDLINE and LILACS databases from 1966 to 2016. A qualitative evaluation of the methodologies used on the articles was also performed...
September 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160186/the-impact-of-urban-gardens-on-adequate-and-healthy-food-a-systematic-review
#5
Mariana T Garcia, Silvana M Ribeiro, Ana Claudia Camargo Gonçalves Germani, Cláudia M Bógus
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impacts on food and nutrition-related outcomes resulting from participation in urban gardens, especially on healthy food practices, healthy food access, and healthy food beliefs, knowledge and attitudes. DESIGN: The systematic review identified studies by searching the PubMed, ERIC, LILACS, Web of Science and Embase databases. An assessment of quality and bias risk of the studies was carried out and a narrative summary was produced. SETTING: Studies published as original articles in peer-reviewed scientific journals in English, Spanish or Portuguese between 2005 and 2015 were included...
November 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159874/meta-synthesis-on-migraine-management
#6
REVIEW
Mia T Minen, Lita Anglin, Alexandra Boubour, Allison Squires, Linda Herrmann
BACKGROUND: Migraine is one of the top 10 most disabling conditions among adults worldwide. Most migraine research is quantitative and indicates concerns about medication adherence, stigma, and more. Qualitative studies might reveal an improved understanding of migraine patients' perspectives regarding migraine treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to synthesize the qualitative research on migraine patients' perspectives regarding migraine treatment to (a) identify common patterns across various types of migraine treatment studies and (b) inform future research...
November 21, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156555/identification-of-major-flavone-c-glycosides-and-their-optimized-extraction-from-cymbidium-kanran-using-deep-eutectic-solvents
#7
Kyung Min Jeong, Misuk Yang, Yan Jin, Eun Mi Kim, Jaeyoung Ko, Jeongmi Lee
Cymbidium kanran, an orchid exclusively distributed in Northeast Asia, has been highly valued as a decorative plant and traditional herbal medicine. Here, C. kanran extracts were prepared in 70% aqueous methanol using ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) and subjected to liquid chromatography-photodiode array detection and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry analysis, which were used for quantitative and qualitative analysis, respectively. It was found that the extracts were rich in flavone C-glycosides including vicenin-2, vicenin-3, schaftoside, vitexin, and isovitexin...
November 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155562/quantification-of-nanomaterial-nanomedicine-trafficking-in-vivo
#8
Liming Wang, Liang Yan, Jing Liu, Chunying Chen, Yuliang Zhao
Absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (ADME) of nanomaterials (NMs) or nanomedicines (NMs), are fundamental biological processes that dominate their nanomedical functions or nanotoxicities. Mostly, NMs exist in biological systems as a form of nanoparticles (NPs). However, to determine the composition, spatial distribution, and states of existence of NMs/NPs in vivo, upon entry into the body, as well as to monitor the dynamic changes of these information over time remain a challenge for the current analytical methodology due to their limited efficiently in characterizing interactions between these complex(nano)-complex(bio) systems...
November 20, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154575/metamethod-study-of-qualitative-psychotherapy-research-on-clients-experiences-review-and-recommendations
#9
Heidi M Levitt, Andrew Pomerville, Francisco I Surace, Lauren M Grabowski
A metamethod study is a qualitative meta-analysis focused upon the methods and procedures used in a given research domain. These studies are rare in psychological research. They permit both the documentation of the informal standards within a field of research and recommendations for future work in that area. This paper presents a metamethod analysis of a substantial body of qualitative research that focused on clients' experiences in psychotherapy (109 studies). This review examined the ways that methodological integrity has been established across qualitative research methods...
November 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154572/introduction-to-special-section-on-advanced-methodology-counseling-the-dog-to-wag-its-methodological-tail
#10
Zac E Imel, Stephanie Budge, Jesse Owen
In this article, we introduce a special section focused on the application of advanced methodologies to specific research questions in counseling psychology. The articles include applications of natural language processing, dynamic systems, mediation analyses in single studies and meta-analysis, and synthesis of qualitative research. We provide a brief overview of each article. (PsycINFO Database Record
November 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153043/effectiveness-of-mirror-therapy-motor-imagery-and-virtual-feedback-on-phantom-limb-pain-following-amputation-a-systematic-review
#11
Laura Herrador Colmenero, Jose Manuel Perez Marmol, Celia Martí-García, María de Los Ángeles Querol Zaldivar, Rosa María Tapia Haro, Adelaida María Castro Sánchez, María Encarnación Aguilar-Ferrándiz
BACKGROUND: Phantom limb pain is reported in 50%-85% of people with amputation. Clinical interventions in treating central pain, such as mirror therapy, motor imagery, or virtual visual feedback, could redound in benefits to amputee patients with phantom limb pain. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the effectiveness of different techniques for treating phantom limb pain in amputee patients. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: A computerized literature search up to April 2017 was performed using the following databases: PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, MEDLINE, ProQuest, PEDro, EBSCOhost, and Cochrane Plus...
November 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152751/healthcare-disparities-in-pediatric-otolaryngology-a-systematic-review
#12
Jad Jabbour, Thomas Robey, Michael J Cunningham
OBJECTIVES: Multiple studies have reported healthcare disparities in particular settings and conditions within pediatric otolaryngology, but a systematic examination of the breadth of the problem within the field is lacking. This study's objectives are to synthesize the available evidence regarding healthcare disparities in pediatric otolaryngology, highlight recurrent themes with respect to etiologies and manifestations, and demonstrate potential impacts from patient and provider standpoints...
November 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152181/projecting-species-vulnerability-to-climate-change-which-uncertainty-sources-matter-most-and-extrapolate-best
#13
Valerie Steen, Helen R Sofaer, Susan K Skagen, Andrea J Ray, Barry R Noon
Species distribution models (SDMs) are commonly used to assess potential climate change impacts on biodiversity, but several critical methodological decisions are often made arbitrarily. We compare variability arising from these decisions to the uncertainty in future climate change itself. We also test whether certain choices offer improved skill for extrapolating to a changed climate and whether internal cross-validation skill indicates extrapolative skill. We compared projected vulnerability for 29 wetland-dependent bird species breeding in the climatically dynamic Prairie Pothole Region, USA...
November 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151815/how-should-we-evaluate-research-on-counselling-and-the-treatment-of-depression-a-case-study-on-how-the-national-institute-for-health-and-care-excellence-s-draft-2018-guideline-for-depression-considered-what-counts-as-best-evidence
#14
Michael Barkham, Naomi P Moller, Joanne Pybis
Background: Health guidelines are developed to improve patient care by ensuring the most recent and 'best available evidence' is used to guide treatment recommendations. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence's (NICE's ) guideline development methodology acknowledges that evidence needed to answer one question (treatment efficacy) may be different from evidence needed to answer another (cost-effectiveness, treatment acceptability to patients). This review uses counselling in the treatment of depression as a case study, and interrogates the constructs of 'best' evidence and 'best' guideline methodologies...
December 2017: Couns Psychother Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149507/registered-nurse-and-midwife-experiences-of-using-videoconferencing-in-practice-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#15
REVIEW
Robyn A Penny, Natalie K Bradford, Danette Langbecker
AIM: To synthesise evidence of registered nurses' and midwives' experiences with videoconferencing and identify perceptions of the appropriateness, meaningfulness and feasibility of this technology in professional and clinical practice. BACKGROUND: Videoconferencing is a form of telehealth that can facilitate access to high quality care to improve health outcomes for patients and enable clinicians working in isolation to access education, clinical supervision, peer support and case review...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148960/how-to-do-a-systematic-review
#16
Alex Pollock, Eivind Berge
High quality up-to-date systematic reviews are essential in order to help healthcare practitioners and researchers keep up-to-date with a large and rapidly growing body of evidence. Systematic reviews answer pre-defined research questions using explicit, reproducible methods to identify, critically appraise and combine results of primary research studies. Key stages in the production of systematic reviews include clarification of aims and methods in a protocol, finding relevant research, collecting data, assessing study quality, synthesizing evidence, and interpreting findings...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148566/factors-that-influence-the-provision-of-intrapartum-and-postnatal-care-by-skilled-birth-attendants-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#17
REVIEW
Susan Munabi-Babigumira, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin, Atle Fretheim, Harriet Nabudere
BACKGROUND: In many low- and middle-income countries women are encouraged to give birth in clinics and hospitals so that they can receive care from skilled birth attendants. A skilled birth attendant (SBA) is a health worker such as a midwife, doctor, or nurse who is trained to manage normal pregnancy and childbirth. (S)he is also trained to identify, manage, and refer any health problems that arise for mother and baby. The skills, attitudes and behaviour of SBAs, and the extent to which they work in an enabling working environment, impact on the quality of care provided...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143266/-measuring-physical-literacy-and-related-constructs-a-systematic-review-of-empirical-findings
#18
REVIEW
Lowri C Edwards, Anna S Bryant, Richard J Keegan, Kevin Morgan, Stephen-Mark Cooper, Anwen M Jones
BACKGROUND: The concept of physical literacy has received increased research and international attention recently. Where intervention programs and empirical research are gaining momentum, their operationalizations differ significantly. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to inform practice in the measure/assessment of physical literacy via a systematic review of research that has assessed physical literacy (up to 14 June, 2017). METHODS: Five databases were searched using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses for Protocols guidelines, with 32 published articles meeting the inclusion criteria...
November 15, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141032/a-qualitative-exploration-of-malaria-operational-research-situation-in-nigeria
#19
IkeOluwapo O Ajayi, Maduka D Ughasoro, Akintayo Ogunwale, Oluwaseun Odeyinka, Obafemi Babalola, Salami Sharafadeen, Al-Mukhtar Y Adamu, Olufemi Ajumobi, Taiwo Orimogunje, Patrick Nguku
BACKGROUND: Malaria, remains one of the leading causes of high morbidity and mortality in Nigeria despite implementation of several public health interventions for its control. Operational limitations and methodological gaps have been associated with malaria control interventions and research, and these have necessitated the need for a well-tailored Malaria Operational Research (MOR) agenda. However, there is paucity of evidence-based information on relevant stakeholders' experience, awareness, perceptions and use of MOR and suggestions on setting MOR agenda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139332/the-views-of-adults-with-huntington-s-disease-on-assisted-dying-a-qualitative-exploration
#20
Laurence Regan, Nancy J Preston, Fiona J R Eccles, Jane Simpson
BACKGROUND: Assisted dying is frequently debated publicly and research often includes the views of health professionals on this issue. However, the views of people with life-limiting conditions, for whom this issue is likely to have a different resonance, are less well represented. AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore the views of people who live with the inevitability of developing Huntington's disease, a genetically transmitted disease which significantly limits life, on assisted dying...
November 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
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