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Qualitative Methodology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440950/the-need-to-know-the-information-needs-of-parents-of-infants-with-an-intellectual-disability-a-qualitative-study
#1
Tracy Douglas, Bernice Redley, Goetz Ottmann
AIM: To explore the information needs of parents of infants with an intellectual disability in the first year of life. BACKGROUND: Parents whose infant has an intellectual disability need access to information if they are to facilitate optimal care for their child. A lack of timely, accurate information provision by health professionals, particularly nurses and midwives, can increase parental stress and hinder access to the supports they and their infant require...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439739/medical-mistrust-and-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-african-americans
#2
REVIEW
Leslie B Adams, Jennifer Richmond, Giselle Corbie-Smith, Wizdom Powell
Despite well-documented benefits of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, African Americans are less likely to be screened and have higher CRC incidence and mortality than Whites. Emerging evidence suggests medical mistrust may influence CRC screening disparities among African Americans. The goal of this systematic review was to summarize evidence investigating associations between medical mistrust and CRC screening among African Americans, and variations in these associations by gender, CRC screening type, and level of mistrust...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438252/an-exploratory-sequential-design-to-validate-measures-of-moral-emotions
#3
Margarita G Márquez, Ana R Delgado
BACKGROUND: This paper presents an exploratory and sequential mixed methods approach in validating measures of knowledge of the moral emotions of contempt, anger and disgust. METHOD: The sample comprised 60 participants in the qualitative phase when a measurement instrument was designed. Item stems, response options and correction keys were planned following the results obtained in a descriptive phenomenological analysis of the interviews. In the quantitative phase, the scale was used with a sample of 102 Spanish participants, and the results were analysed with the Rasch model...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436583/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#4
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
April 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434414/health-technology-assessment-of-public-health-interventions-a-synthesis-of-methodological-guidance
#5
Tim Mathes, Sunya-Lee Antoine, Peggy Prengel, Stefanie Bühn, Stephanie Polus, Dawid Pieper
OBJECTIVES: The evaluation of public health interventions poses some challenges. As a consequence, health technology assessment (HTA) methods for public health interventions (PHI) have to be adapted. This study aimed to summarize the available guidance on methods for HTA of PHI. METHODS: We systematically searched for methodological guidance on HTA of PHIs. Our focus was on research synthesis methods to evaluate effectiveness. Relevant information was synthesized narratively in a standardized way...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434393/barriers-and-strategies-related-to-qualitative-research-on-genetic-ancestry-testing-in-indigenous-communities
#6
Jessica W Blanchard, Gloria Tallbull, Chantelle Wolpert, Jill Powell, Morris W Foster, Charmaine Royal
Conducting genetics-related research with populations that have historically experienced considerable harm and little benefit from genetics research poses unique challenges for understanding community-based perceptions of new genetic technologies. This article identifies challenges and strategies for collecting qualitative data on the perceptions of direct-to-consumer (DTC) Genetic Ancestry tests (GAT) among diverse Indigenous communities. Based on a 3-year project related to perceptions, attitudes, and values associated with genetic ancestry testing among diverse Indigenous communities in Oklahoma, the engagement process revealed specific opportunities to improve the process of qualitative data collection related to GAT, and more broadly, to conduct genetics-related research with Indigenous communities in culturally and methodologically appropriate ways...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics: JERHRE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433250/public-private-implementation-of-integrated-emergency-response-services-case-study-of-gvk-emergency-management-and-research-institute-in-karnataka-india
#7
Veena M Sriram, Gopalkrishna Gururaj, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Emergency medical services are important to the functioning of health systems, but these services tend to be neglected in low- and middle-income countries, such as India. In recent years, several models of pre-hospital emergency medical services have emerged in India. Research on these models holds important lessons for existing and future emergency medical service programs in low- and middle-income countries. Our objective was to provide a comprehensive description of the organizational structure and service delivery model of a public-private partnership in the southern Indian state of Karnataka, GVK Emergency Management and Research Institute, with a particular focus on its operations in Bengaluru...
April 19, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433238/pulmonary-rehabilitation-referral-and-participation-are-commonly-influenced-by-environment-knowledge-and-beliefs-about-consequences-a-systematic-review-using-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#8
Narelle S Cox, Cristino C Oliveira, Aroub Lahham, Anne E Holland
QUESTION: What are the barriers and enablers of referral, uptake, attendance and completion of pulmonary rehabilitation for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)? DESIGN: Systematic review of qualitative or quantitative studies reporting data relating to referral, uptake, attendance and/or completion in pulmonary rehabilitation. PARTICIPANTS: People aged >18years with a diagnosis of COPD and/or their healthcare professionals...
April 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432967/friendliness-functionality-and-freedom-design-characteristics-that-support-midwifery-practice-in-the-hospital-setting
#9
Athena Hammond, Caroline S E Homer, Maralyn Foureur
OBJECTIVE: to identify and describe the design characteristics of hospital birth rooms that support midwives and their practice. DESIGN: this study used a qualitative exploratory descriptive methodology underpinned by the theoretical approach of critical realism. Data was collected through 21 in-depth, face-to-face photo-elicitation interviews and a thematic analysis guided by study objectives and the aims of exploratory research was undertaken. SETTING: the study was set at a recently renovated tertiary hospital in a large Australian city...
April 4, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431536/-popping-nana-back-into-bed-a-qualitative-exploration-of-paramedic-decision-making-when-caring-for-older-people-who-have-fallen
#10
Paul Simpson, Ric Thomas, Jason Bendall, Bill Lord, Stephen Lord, Jacqueline Close
BACKGROUND: Older fallers constitute a large proportion of ambulance work, and as many as 25% are not transported to hospital following paramedic assessment. The objective of this study was to explore the decision making process used by paramedics when caring for older fallers. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted using constructivist grounded theory methodology. Purposive sampling was used to recruit paramedics to participate in semi-structured interviews and focus groups...
April 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429584/dna-metabarcoding-of-unfractionated-water-samples-relates-phyto-zoo-and-bacterioplankton-dynamics-and-reveals-a-single-taxon-bacterial-bloom
#11
Christian Wurzbacher, Katrin Attermeyer, Marie Therese Kettner, Clara Flintrop, Norman Warthmann, Sabine Hilt, Hans-Peter Grossart, Michael T Monaghan
Most studies of aquatic plankton focus on either macroscopic or microbial communities, and on either eukaryotes or prokaryotes. This separation is primarily for methodological reasons, but can overlook potential interactions among groups. We tested whether DNA metabarcoding of unfractionated water samples with universal primers could be used to qualitatively and quantitatively study the temporal dynamics of the total plankton community in a shallow temperate lake. We found significant changes in the relative proportions of normalized sequence reads of eukaryotic and prokaryotic plankton communities over a three-month period in spring...
April 21, 2017: Environmental Microbiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427846/vaccines-are-different-a-systematic-review-of-budget-impact-analyses-of-vaccines
#12
REVIEW
Priscilla Magalhaes Loze, Luciana Bertholim Nasciben, Ana Marli Christovam Sartori, Alexander Itria, Hillegonda Maria Dutilh Novaes, Patrícia Coelho de Soárez
INTRODUCTION: Several countries require manufacturers to present a budget impact analysis (BIA), together with a cost-effectiveness analysis, to support national funding requests. However, guidelines for conducting BIA of vaccines are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the methodological approaches used in published budget impact analysis (BIA) of vaccines, discussing specific methodological issues related to vaccines. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This systematic review of the literature on BIA of vaccines was carried out in accordance with the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination - CRD guidelines...
April 17, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426892/-i-am-still-passionate-despite-the-challenges-nurses-navigating-the-care-for-refugees
#13
Olayide Ogunsiji, Harrison Ng Chok, Gladys Mashingaidze, Lesley Wilkes
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to report the challenges faced by the nursing workforce in refugee health. BACKGROUND: Nurses are in the forefront of care provision for refugees who are recognised as one of the most vulnerable population groups in the world. The number of refugees in Australia is increasing and more nurses are needed as care providers. Research on the challenges faced by refugee health nurses is sparse. DESIGN: Qualitative research methodology was used to study the experience of refugee health nurses...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425099/network-analysis-of-adhesion-growth-regulatory-galectins-and-their-binding-sites-in-adult-chicken-retina-and-choroid
#14
Joachim C Manning, Gabriel García Caballero, Clemens Knospe, Herbert Kaltner, Hans-Joachim Gabius
The highly ordered multilayered organization of the adult chicken retina is a suitable test model for examining zonal distribution of the members of a bioeffector family. Based on the concept of the sugar code, the functional pairing of glycan epitopes with cognate receptors (lectins) is emerging as a means to explain the control of diverse physiological activities. Having recently completed the biochemical characterization of all seven adhesion/growth-regulatory galectins present in chicken, it was possible to establish how the individual characteristics of their expression profiles add up to shape the galectin network, which until now has not been defined at this level of complexity...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424827/fluorescence-spectroscopy-for-the-monitoring-of-food-processes
#15
Muhammad Haseeb Ahmad, Amna Sahar, Bernd Hitzmann
Different analytical techniques have been used to examine the complexity of food samples. Among them, fluorescence spectroscopy cannot be ignored in developing rapid and non-invasive analytical methodologies. It is one of the most sensitive spectroscopic approaches employed in identification, classification, authentication, quantification, and optimization of different parameters during food handling, processing, and storage and uses different chemometric tools. Chemometrics helps to retrieve useful information from spectral data utilized in the characterization of food samples...
April 20, 2017: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424542/why-do-psychiatric-patients-stop-antipsychotic-medication-a-systematic-review-of-reasons-for-nonadherence-to-medication-in-patients-with-serious-mental-illness
#16
REVIEW
Dawn I Velligan, Martha Sajatovic, Ainslie Hatch, Pavel Kramata, John P Docherty
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic medication reduces the severity of serious mental illness (SMI) and improves patient outcomes only when medicines were taken as prescribed. Nonadherence to the treatment of SMI increases the risk of relapse and hospitalization and reduces the quality of life. It is necessary to understand the factors influencing nonadherence to medication in order to identify appropriate interventions. This systematic review assessed the published evidence on modifiable reasons for nonadherence to antipsychotic medication in patients with SMI...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421008/understanding-rejection-between-first-and-second-grade-elementary-students-through-reasons-expressed-by-rejecters
#17
Francisco J García Bacete, Virginia E Carrero Planes, Ghislaine Marande Perrin, Gonzalo Musitu Ochoa
Objective: The aim of this research was to obtain the views of young children regarding their reasons for rejecting a peer. Method: To achieve this goal, we conducted a qualitative study in the context of theory building research using an analysis methodology based on Grounded Theory. The collected information was extracted through semi-structured individual interviews from a sample of 853 children aged 6 from 13 urban public schools in Spain. Results: The children provided 3,009 rejection nominations and 2,934 reasons for disliking the rejected peers...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420401/using-media-to-impact-health-policy-making-an-integrative-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Lama Bou-Karroum, Fadi El-Jardali, Nour Hemadi, Yasmine Faraj, Utkarsh Ojha, Maher Shahrour, Andrea Darzi, Maha Ali, Carine Doumit, Etienne V Langlois, Jad Melki, Gladys Honein AbouHaidar, Elie A Akl
INTRODUCTION: Media interventions can potentially play a major role in influencing health policies. This integrative systematic review aimed to assess the effects of planned media interventions-including social media-on the health policy-making process. METHODS: Eligible study designs included randomized and non-randomized designs, economic studies, process evaluation studies, stakeholder analyses, qualitative methods, and case studies. We electronically searched Medline, EMBASE, Communication and Mass Media Complete, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the WHO Global Health Library...
April 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419517/comparative-analysis-between-rq-pcr-and-digital-droplet-pcr-of-bcl2-igh-gene-rearrangement-in-the-peripheral-blood-and-bone-marrow-of-early-stage-follicular-lymphoma
#19
Marzia Cavalli, Lucia Anna De Novi, Irene Della Starza, Luca Vincenzo Cappelli, Vittorio Nunes, Alessandro Pulsoni, Ilaria Del Giudice, Anna Guarini, Robin Foà
BCL2/IGH rearrangements were analysed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) at diagnosis in paired peripheral blood (PB) and bone marrow (BM) samples from 67 patients with stage I/II follicular lymphoma (FL). Real time quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR) and digital droplet PCR (ddPCR) were performed in cases with a major breakpoint region (MBR+) at diagnosis and after localized radiotherapy and rituximab administration in order to investigate the applicability of ddPCR. The overall ddPCR/RQ-PCR concordance was 81·9% (113/138 samples) and 97·5% in the 40/138 with quantifiable disease (RQ-PCR≥10(-5) )...
April 17, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418801/about-research-qualitative-methodologies
#20
Joan E Dodgson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
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