keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tests and Measurement

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351093/angptl8-betatrophin-is-expressed-in-visceral-adipose-tissue-and-relates-to-human-hepatic-steatosis-in-two-independent-clinical-collectives
#1
Christian von Loeffelholz, Andreas F H Pfeiffer, Johan F Lock, Steffi Lieske, Stephanie Döcke, Veronica Murahovschi, Jennifer Kriebel, Tonia de Las Heras Gala, Harald Grallert, Natalia Rudovich, Martin Stockmann, Joachim Spranger, Gerhard Jahreis, Stefan R Bornstein, George Lau, Aimin Xu, Jeanette Schulz-Menger, Louisa Exner, Sven Haufe, Jens Jordan, Stefan Engeli, Andreas L Birkenfeld
Angiopoietin-like protein 8 (ANGPTL8)/betatrophin expression in visceral adipose tissue and associations with circulating fatty acid profile have not yet been investigated.Forty subjects were included in a cross-sectional study, 57 in a dietary weight reduction intervention. Circulating Angiopoietin-like protein 8/betatrophin was measured in all subjects. Liver and adipose tissue were sampled and plasma fatty acids and tissue Angiopoietin-like protein 8/betatrophin expression were evaluated in the cross-sectional study...
March 28, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351066/bringing-rounds-back-to-the-patient-a-one-year-evaluation-of-the-chiefs-service-model-for-inpatient-teaching
#2
Nadia L Bennett, Judd D Flesch, Peter Cronholm, James B Reilly, Jack Ende
PURPOSE: The Chiefs' Service (CS), a structured approach to inpatient teaching rounds, focuses on resident education and patient-centered care without disrupting patient census sizes or admitting cycles. It has five key elements: morning huddles; bedside rounds; diagnostic "time-outs"; day-of-discharge rounds; and postdischarge follow-up rounds. The authors hypothesized the CS model would be well received by residents and considered more effective than more-traditional rounds. METHOD: The CS was implemented on Penn Presbyterian Medical Center's general medicine inpatient service using a quasi-experimental design...
April 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351037/impact-of-laser-power-and-firing-angle-on-coagulation-efficiency-in-laser-treatment-for-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome-an-ex-vivo-placenta-study
#3
Joost Akkermans, Loes van der Donk, Suzanne H P Peeters, Sjoerd van Tuijl, Johanna M Middeldorp, Enrico Lopriore, Dick Oepkes
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of laser power and firing angle on coagulation efficiency for closing placental anastomoses in the treatment of twin-twin transfusion syndrome. METHODS: We used an ex vivo blood-perfused human placenta model to compare time to complete coagulation using 30 vs. 50 W of neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser power and using a firing angle of 90° vs. 45°. Placentas were perfused with pig blood at 5 mL/min. Differences were analyzed using independent-samples t test, Mann-Whitney U test, or χ2 test as appropriate...
March 29, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350976/neuroendocrine-tumor-of-the-common-bile-duct-case-report
#4
C Raspanti, N Falco, V Silvestri, G Rotolo, S Bonventre, G Gulotta
Neuroendocrine tumors (NET) are a very heterogeneous group of neoplasms; in recent years we have seen an increase in their incidence (3.65 /100.000/year). They can be associated with hereditary endocrine syndromes (MEN, Von Hippel Lindau); they can occur at any age and the incidence is slightly higher in men than women. The aetiology of the neuroendocrine tumors is unclear; in most cases, inflammation of the bile ducts may be the underlying cause and for this reason, the initial patient's evaluation should be focused on the different aspects concerning the oncological one and the possible sequelae of the biliary obstructions that can evolve in biliary sepsis...
November 2016: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350935/screening-for-celiac-disease-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#5
Roger Chou, Christina Bougatsos, Ian Blazina, Katherine Mackey, Sara Grusing, Shelley Selph
Importance: Silent or subclinical celiac disease may result in potentially avoidable adverse health consequences. Objective: To review the evidence on benefits and harms of screening for celiac disease in asymptomatic adults, adolescents, and children 3 years and older for the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, searched to June 14, 2016...
March 28, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350927/association-of-childhood-blood-lead-levels-with-cognitive-function-and-socioeconomic-status-at-age-38-years-and-with-iq-change-and-socioeconomic-mobility-between-childhood-and-adulthood
#6
Aaron Reuben, Avshalom Caspi, Daniel W Belsky, Jonathan Broadbent, Honalee Harrington, Karen Sugden, Renate M Houts, Sandhya Ramrakha, Richie Poulton, Terrie E Moffitt
Importance: Many children in the United States and around the world are exposed to lead, a developmental neurotoxin. The long-term cognitive and socioeconomic consequences of lead exposure are uncertain. Objective: To test the hypothesis that childhood lead exposure is associated with cognitive function and socioeconomic status in adulthood and with changes in IQ and socioeconomic mobility between childhood and midlife. Design, Setting, and Participants: A prospective cohort study based on a population-representative 1972-1973 birth cohort from New Zealand; the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study observed participants to age 38 years (until December 2012)...
March 28, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350894/assessing-the-amount-of-spontaneous-real-world-spoken-language-in-aphasia-validation-of-two-methods
#7
Michelle M Haddad, Edward Taub, Gitendra Uswatte, Margaret L Johnson, Victor W Mark, Ameen Barghi, Ezekiel Byrom, Xiaohua Zhou, Christina M Rodriguez
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present the results of a study evaluating the psychometric properties of 2 new measures that exclusively assess the amount of real-world spoken language in patients with aphasia. Method: Forty individuals with aphasia were evaluated on several measures of spoken language in real-world settings. The Verbal Activity Log (VAL; Johnson et al., 2014) has participants, aided by caregivers, indicate current amount and quality of real-world spoken language compared with before stroke...
March 28, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350867/dissociation-between-skin-test-reactivity-and-anti-aeroallergen-ige-determinants-among-urban-brazilian-children
#8
Neuza M Alcantara-Neves, Rafael V Veiga, João C M Ponte, Sérgio S da Cunha, Silvia M Simões, Álvaro A Cruz, Maria Yazdanbakhsh, Sheila M Matos, Thiago Magalhães Silva, Camila A Figueiredo, Lain C Pontes-de-Carvalho, Laura C Rodrigues, Rosemeire L Fiaccone, Philip J Cooper, Maurício L Barreto
BACKGROUND: The dissociation between specific IgE and skin prick test reactivity to aeroallergens, a common finding in populations living in low and middle-income countries, has important implications for the diagnosis and treatment of allergic diseases. Few studies have investigated the determinants of this dissociation. In the present study, we explored potential factors explaining this dissociation in children living in an urban area of Northeast Brazil, focusing in particular on factors associated with poor hygiene...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350857/differentiating-anxiety-forms-and-their-role-in-academic-performance-from-primary-to-secondary-school
#9
Emma Carey, Amy Devine, Francesca Hill, Dénes Szűcs
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with high levels of mathematics anxiety are more likely to have other forms of anxiety, such as general anxiety and test anxiety, and tend to have some math performance decrement compared to those with low math anxiety. However, it is unclear how the anxiety forms cluster in individuals, or how the presence of other anxiety forms influences the relationship between math anxiety and math performance. METHOD: We measured math anxiety, test anxiety, general anxiety and mathematics and reading performance in 1720 UK students (year 4, aged 8-9, and years 7 and 8, aged 11-13)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350843/high-hiv-prevalence-and-incidence-among-women-in-southern-mozambique-evidence-from-the-mdp-microbicide-feasibility-study
#10
Sibone Mocumbi, Mitzy Gafos, Khatia Munguambe, Ruth Goodall, Sheena McCormack
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to assess the feasibility of conducting large scale HIV prevention clinical trials in Mozambique by measuring HIV prevalence and incidence among women of reproductive age. This paper describes the baseline socio-demographic characteristics of the Mozambique Microbicides Development Programme (MDP) feasibility cohort, baseline prevalence of HIV and other STIs, and HIV incidence. METHODS: The Mozambique MDP feasibility study was conducted from September 2007 to August 2009 in urban Mavalane and rural Manhiça, in Southern Mozambique...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350842/combination-of-mesenchymal-stem-cell-injection-with-icariin-for-the-treatment-of-diabetes-associated-erectile-dysfunction
#11
Xiyou Wang, Chuanhai Liu, Yong Xu, Ping Chen, Yue Shen, Yansheng Xu, Yubo Zhao, Weihao Chen, Xinyu Zhang, Yun Ouyang, Yi Wang, Changliang Xie, Maojun Zhou, Cuilong Liu
The present study was aimed to examine whether icariin, a traditional Chinese medicine, could improve therapeutic effects of adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) for diabetes-associated erectile dysfunction (DMED). DMED were induced in rats by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin and confirmed by erectile function measurement. Then, rats of diabetic ED were randomly divided to receive the treatment of saline, ADSCs, icariin or ADSCs combined with icariin respectively. Compared with the treatment by ADSCs or icariin alone, intracavernosum injection of ADSCs combined with the following daily gastric gavage of icariin significantly augmented the value of ICP and ICP/MAP (p<0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350834/development-and-psychometric-testing-of-the-clinical-networks-engagement-tool
#12
Jill M Norris, Kent G Hecker, Leora Rabatach, Tom W Noseworthy, Deborah E White
BACKGROUND: Clinical networks are being used widely to facilitate large system transformation in healthcare, by engagement of stakeholders throughout the health system. However, there are no available instruments that measure engagement in these networks. METHODS: The study purpose was to develop and assess the measurement properties of a multiprofessional tool to measure engagement in clinical network initiatives. Based on components of the International Association of Public Participation Spectrum and expert panel review, we developed 40 items for testing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350830/first-year-physical-activity-findings-from-turn-up-the-heat-healthy-eating-and-activity-time-in-summer-day-camps
#13
R Glenn Weaver, Keith Brazendale, Jessica L Chandler, Gabrielle M Turner-McGrievy, Justin B Moore, Jennifer L Huberty, Dianne S Ward, Michael W Beets
BACKGROUND: Summer day camps (SDCs) serve 14 million children yearly in the U.S. and aim to provide participating children with 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). This study evaluated an intervention designed to increase the percent of children meeting this MVPA guideline. DESIGN: Two-group, pre-post quasi-experimental. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Twenty SDCs serving 1,830 children aged 5-12 years were assigned to MVPA intervention (n = 10) or healthy eating attention control (n = 10)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350807/external-validation-and-comparison-of-two-variants-of-the-elixhauser-comorbidity-measures-for-all-cause-mortality
#14
Yannick Fortin, James A G Crispo, Deborah Cohen, Douglas S McNair, Donald R Mattison, Daniel Krewski
Assessing prevalent comorbidities is a common approach in health research for identifying clinical differences between individuals. The objective of this study was to validate and compare the predictive performance of two variants of the Elixhauser comorbidity measures (ECM) for inhospital mortality at index and at 1-year in the Cerner Health Facts® (HF) U.S. DATABASE: We estimated the prevalence of select comorbidities for individuals 18 to 89 years of age who received care at Cerner contributing health facilities between 2002 and 2011 using the AHRQ (version 3...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350795/fine-mapping-of-the-human-leukocyte-antigen-locus-as-a-risk-factor-for-alzheimer-disease-a-case-control-study
#15
Natasha Z R Steele, Jessie S Carr, Luke W Bonham, Ethan G Geier, Vincent Damotte, Zachary A Miller, Rahul S Desikan, Kevin L Boehme, Shubhabrata Mukherjee, Paul K Crane, John S K Kauwe, Joel H Kramer, Bruce L Miller, Giovanni Coppola, Jill A Hollenbach, Yadong Huang, Jennifer S Yokoyama
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer disease (AD) is a progressive disorder that affects cognitive function. There is increasing support for the role of neuroinflammation and aberrant immune regulation in the pathophysiology of AD. The immunoregulatory human leukocyte antigen (HLA) complex has been linked to susceptibility for a number of neurodegenerative diseases, including AD; however, studies to date have failed to consistently identify a risk HLA haplotype for AD. Contributing to this difficulty are the complex genetic organization of the HLA region, differences in sequencing and allelic imputation methods, and diversity across ethnic populations...
March 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350642/increased-early-systemic-inflammation-in-icu-acquired-weakness-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#16
Esther Witteveen, Luuk Wieske, Tom van der Poll, Marike van der Schaaf, Ivo N van Schaik, Marcus J Schultz, Camiel Verhamme, Janneke Horn
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether patients who develop ICU-acquired weakness have a different pattern of systemic inflammatory markers compared with critically ill patients who do not develop ICU-acquired weakness. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Mixed medical-surgical ICU of a tertiary care hospital in the Netherlands. PATIENTS: Newly admitted critically ill patients, greater than or equal to 48 hours on mechanical ventilation with a nonneurologic ICU admission diagnosis, were included...
March 27, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350576/absence-of-resting-cardiovascular-dysfunction-in-middle-aged-endurance-trained-athletes-with-exaggerated-exercise-blood-pressure-responses
#17
Katharine D Currie, Ryan T Sless, Catherine F Notarius, Scott G Thomas, Jack M Goodman
OBJECTIVE: Untrained individuals with exaggerated blood pressure (EBP) responses to graded exercise testing are characterized as having resting dysfunction of the sympathetic and cardiovascular systems. The purpose of this study was to determine the resting cardiovascular state of endurance-trained individuals with EBP through a comparison of normotensive athletes with and without EBP. METHODS: EBP was defined as a maximal systolic blood pressure (SBP) at least 190 mmHg and at least 210 mmHg for women and men respectively, in response to a graded exercise test...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350564/optrust-validity-of-a-tool-assessing-intraoperative-entrustment-behaviors
#18
Gurjit Sandhu, Vahagn C Nikolian, Christopher P Magas, Robert B Stansfield, Danielle C Sutzko, Kaustubh Prabhu, Niki Matusko, Rebecca M Minter
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to establish evidence to support the validity of a novel faculty-resident intraoperative assessment tool for entrustment known as OpTrust. BACKGROUND: Recently, the landscape of surgical training has been altered, in part, because of resident work-hour changes and increased supervision requirements. To address these concerns, a new model for assessment of teaching and learning in surgical residencies must be anchored on progression through milestones and entrustment...
March 27, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350537/comparison-of-structured-and-unstructured-physical-activity-training-on-predicted-vo2max-and-heart-rate-variability-in-adolescents-a-randomized-control-trial
#19
Vivek Kumar Sharma, Senthil Kumar Subramanian, Krishnakumar Radhakrishnan, Rajathi Rajendran, Balasubramanian Sulur Ravindran, Vinayathan Arunachalam
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity contributes to many health issues. The WHO-recommended physical activity for adolescents encompasses aerobic, resistance, and bone strengthening exercises aimed at achieving health-related physical fitness. Heart rate variability (HRV) and maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max) are considered as noninvasive measures of cardiovascular health. The objective of this study is to compare the effect of structured and unstructured physical training on maximal aerobic capacity and HRV among adolescents...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350536/anti-inflammatory-effects-and-anti-oxidant-capacity-of-myrathius-arboreus-cecropiaceae-in-experimental-models
#20
Oluwafemi Gabriel Oluwole, Olufunmilayo Ologe, Akinyinka Alabi, Ganiyu Tunde Yusuf, Solomon Umukoro
BACKGROUND: Inflammation is involved in various diseases; search for safe treatments is warranted. Anti-inflammatory effects of ethanol extract of Myrathius arboreus (EEMa) were studied in carrageenan-induced model, formaldehyde sub-acute-induced model, and in 48 h lipopolysaccharide-induced air pouch model of inflammation. EEMa membrane-stabilizing activities and anti-oxidant capacity were determined in vitro. METHODS: In the carrageenan model EEMa (125, 250, or 500 mg/kg), indomethacin (5 mg/kg), or vehicle 3 mL/kg was administered orally in rats (n=5)...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
keyword
keyword
67162
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"