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Yin-Xin Zeng, Yong Yu, Yang Liu, Hui-Rong Li
A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming, non-pigmented, oxidase- and catalase-positive bacterial strain, designated BIc20019T, was isolated from the ice core of Austre Lovénbreen in Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard. The temperature and NaCl ranges for growth were 4-34 °C (optimum, 25-29 °C) and 0-8% (w/v) (optimum, 2-4%). Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain BIc20019T belonged to the genus Psychrobacter and was closely related to Psychrobacter arcticus 273-4T, Psychrobacter cryohalolentis K5T, 'Psychrobacter fjordensis' BSw21516B, Psychrobacter fozii LMG 21280T, Psychrobacter luti LMG 21276T and Pyschrobacter okhotskensis MD17T at greater than 99% similarity...
April 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Xia Qiu, Zhihao Qu, Fan Jiang, Lvzhi Ren, Xulu Chang, Wenjing Kan, Chengxiang Fang, Fang Peng
Two psychrotolerant, Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped bacterial strains, designed M1-27(T) and 8-24(T), were subjected to polyphasic taxonomic studies. Strain M1-27(T) was isolated from the foreland of the Midtre Lovénbreen glacier, whereas strain 8-24(T) was isolated from the foreland of the Austre Lovénbreen glacier. Both were Arctic glacier forelands, near Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard Archipelago, Norway. Strains M1-27(T) and 8-24(T) exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 91.0-96.0% and 92.3-96.7%, respectively, to type strains of recognized species of the genus Pedobacter...
July 2014: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Purnima Singh, Shiv M Singh, Prashant Dhakephalkar
Cryoconite holes have biogeochemical, ecological and biotechnological importance. This communication presents results on culturable psychrophilic bacterial diversity from cryoconite holes at Midre Lovénbreen (ML), Austre Brøggerbreen (AB), and Vestre Brøggerbreen (VB) glaciers. The culturable bacterial count ranged from 2.7 × 10(3) to 8.8 × 10(4) CFUs/g while the total bacterial numbers ranged from 5.07 × 10(5) to 1.50 × 10(6) cells at the three glaciers. A total of 35 morphologically distinct bacterial isolates were isolated...
March 2014: Extremophiles: Life Under Extreme Conditions
Yin-Xin Zeng, Ming Yan, Yong Yu, Hui-Rong Li, Jian-Feng He, Kun Sun, Fang Zhang
Two 16S rRNA gene clone libraries Cores 1U and 2U were constructed using two ice core samples collected from Austre Lovénbreen glacier in Svalbard. The two libraries yielded a total of 262 clones belonging to 59 phylotypes. Sequences fell into 10 major lineages of the domain Bacteria, including Proteobacteria (alpha, beta, gamma and delta subdivisions), Bacteroidetes, Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Acidobacteria, Deinococcus-Thermus, Chloroflexi, Planctomycetes, Cyanobacteria and candidate division TM7. Among them, Bacteroidetes, Actinobacteria, Alphaproteobacteria and Cyanobacteria were most abundant...
May 2013: Archives of Microbiology
Arwyn Edwards, Alexandre M Anesio, Sara M Rassner, Birgit Sattler, Bryn Hubbard, William T Perkins, Michael Young, Gareth W Griffith
The diversity of highly active bacterial communities in cryoconite holes on three Arctic glaciers in Svalbard was investigated using terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) of the 16S rRNA locus. Construction and sequencing of clone libraries allowed several members of these communities to be identified, with Proteobacteria being the dominant one, followed by Cyanobacteria and Bacteroidetes. T-RFLP data revealed significantly different communities in holes on the (cold) valley glacier Austre Brøggerbreen relative to two adjacent (polythermal) valley glaciers, Midtre Lovénbreen and Vestre Brøggerbreen...
January 2011: ISME Journal
Rolf Georg Beutel, Hans Pohl
Internal and external head structures of males of Strepsiptera were examined and the head of a species of Mengenilla is described in detail. The results suggest a reinterpretation of some structures. The head of basal extant strepsipterans is subprognathous, whereas it is strictly orthognathous in the groundplan of Strepsiptera s.l. The labrum and hypopharynx are not part of the mouthfield sclerite. The labial palps are absent in all strepsipterans. A very slightly modified mandibular articulation is preserved in Eoxenos, whereas it is distinctly reduced in other extant groups...
May 2006: Journal of Morphology
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