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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353296/the-urban-environment-of-alcohol-a-study-on-the-availability-promotion-and-visibility-of-its-use-in-the-neighborhoods-of-barcelona
#1
Joan R Villalbí, Albert Espelt, Xisca Sureda, Marina Bosque-Prous, Ester Teixidó-Compañó, Susanna Puigcorbé, Manuel Franco, M Teresa Brugal
INTRODUCTION: This paper describes the presence of alcohol in the public space, assessing establishments that offer it, its advertising, and signs of consumption, as factors that may influence its consumption. METHOD: Descriptive observational study based on cluster sampling with two-step selection. Results are described, and the spatial association between variables is assessed. RESULTS: In the 20 census tracts studied, 306 premises were identified that offered alcoholic beverages: 204 were on-premises and 102 were off-premises, mainly supermarkets and food retail stores...
January 15, 2018: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351568/habits-and-beliefs-related-to-food-supplements-results-of-a-survey-among-italian-students-of-different-education-fields-and-levels
#2
Felice Sirico, Salvatore Miressi, Clotilde Castaldo, Rocco Spera, Stefania Montagnani, Franca Di Meglio, Daria Nurzynska
The increasing availability of food supplements, aggressive media advertising, and common beliefs that these substances have only positive effects on health and sport performance indicate a need for continuous monitoring of this phenomenon. The aim of this study was to investigate the habits and beliefs related to diet supplementation among medical, health professional, and other university/high school students by means of a cross-sectional anonymous survey online. Among the respondents aware of supplements, 37...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349248/association-of-financial-hardship-with-poor-sleep-health-outcomes-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#3
Dustin T Duncan, Su Hyun Park, Yazan A Al-Ajlouni, Lauren Hale, Girardin Jean-Louis, William C Goedel, Basile Chaix, Brian Elbel
Previous studies have identified an association between socioeconomic status and sleep health. While some research has studied this association among sexual minority groups, including men who have sex with men (MSM), they exclusively focused on US-based populations. The interplay between the two in shaping sleep health has not been previously examined on populations residing outside the US. This study considers both determinants, by investigating whether financial hardship is associated with sleep health among a sample of MSM in Paris, France...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348111/leveraging-social-networking-sites-for-an-autoimmune-hepatitis-genetic-repository-pilot-study-to-evaluate-feasibility
#4
Megan Comerford, Rachel Fogel, James Robert Bailey, Prianka Chilukuri, Naga Chalasani, Craig Steven Lammert
BACKGROUND: Conventional approaches to participant recruitment are often inadequate in rare disease investigation. Social networking sites such as Facebook may provide a vehicle to circumvent common research limitations and pitfalls. We report our preliminary experience with Facebook-based methodology for participant recruitment and participation into an ongoing study of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). OBJECTIVE: The goal of our research was to conduct a pilot study to assess whether a Facebook-based methodology is capable of recruiting geographically widespread participants into AIH patient-oriented research and obtaining quality phenotypic data...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346189/the-impact-of-implementing-tobacco-control-policies-the-2017-tobacco-control-policy-scorecard
#5
David T Levy, Jamie Tam, Charlene Kuo, Geoffrey T Fong, Frank Chaloupka
The Tobacco Control Scorecard, published in 2004, presented estimates of the effectiveness of different policies on smoking rates. Since its publication, new evidence has emerged. We update the Scorecard to include recent studies of demand-reducing tobacco policies for high-income countries. We include cigarette taxes, smoke-free air laws, media campaigns, comprehensive tobacco control programs, marketing bans, health warnings, and cessation treatment policies. To update the 2004 Scorecard, a narrative review was conducted on reviews and studies published after 2000, with additional focus on 3 policies in which previous evidence was limited: tobacco control programs, graphic health warnings, and marketing bans...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346087/a-not-for-profit-regulatory-model-for-legal-recreational-cannabis-insights-from-the-regulation-of-gaming-machine-gambling-in-new-zealand
#6
Chris Wilkins
A dozen or more regulatory frameworks have been proposed for legal cannabis but many of the "not-for-profit" options have yet to be developed in any detail, reducing the likelihood they will be seriously considered by policy makers. New Zealand's innovative "not-for-profit" regulatory regime for gaming machine gambling (i.e. "slot machines") has reversed the previous increase in gambling expenditure, empowered local councils to cap the number of gambling venues, and is unique in requiring the societies operating gaming machines to distribution 40% of the gross expenditure from machines (i...
January 12, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344451/evaluation-of-brainstorming-session-as-a-teaching-learning-tool-among-postgraduate-medical-biochemistry-students
#7
Binita Goswami, Anju Jain, Bidhan Chandra Koner
Background: The thrust for postgraduate teaching should be self-directed learning with equal participation by all students in academic discussions. Group discussions involve conduction of the discourse by a leader who guides the discussion as well as points out any wrong information. This discourages quieter students from participation with the fear of rebuke. Brainstorming is devoid of all such fallacies with no judgment and reprimand. Aim: The aim of this study was to use brainstorming as a teaching-learning tool among postgraduate students of medical biochemistry...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343563/robotic-crabs-reveal-that-female-fiddler-crabs-are-sensitive-to-changes-in-male-display-rate
#8
Sophie L Mowles, Michael D Jennions, Patricia R Y Backwell
Males often produce dynamic, repetitive courtship displays that can be demanding to perform and might advertise male quality to females. A key feature of demanding displays is that they can change in intensity: escalating as a male increases his signalling effort, but de-escalating as a signaller becomes fatigued. Here, we investigated whether female fiddler crabs, Uca mjoebergi, are sensitive to changes in male courtship wave rate. We performed playback experiments using robotic male crabs that had the same mean wave rate, but either escalated, de-escalated or remained constant...
January 2018: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343254/knowledge-of-cervical-cancer-and-pap-smear-among-uyghur-women-from-xinjiang-china
#9
Guzhalinuer Abulizi, Tangnuer Abulimiti, Hua Li, Guzhalinuer Abuduxikuer, Patiman Mijiti, Su-Qin Zhang, Ayinuer Maimaiti, Muyasier Tuergan, Ayiguli Simayi, Miherinisha Maimaiti
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a significant public health issue in Xinjiang China. In order to provide scientific basis for cervical cancer intervention in Xinjiang, women's knowledge of cervical cancer was investigated in this study. Besides, relations between Uyghur women's awareness and their age, educational background, yearly household were evaluated. METHODS: Questionnaire survey was conducted to 7100 Uyghur women from Karkax Hotan and Payzivat Kashgar during 2008 and 2009...
January 17, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340685/can-the-government-require-health-warnings-on-sugar-sweetened-beverage-advertisements
#10
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Dariush Mozaffarian, Renata Micha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338704/alcohol-marketing-on-youtube-exploratory-analysis-of-content-adaptation-to-enhance-user-engagement-in-different-national-contexts
#11
Himanshu Gupta, Tina Lam, Simone Pettigrew, Robert J Tait
BACKGROUND: We know little about how social media alcohol marketing is utilized for alcohol promotion in different national contexts. There does not appear to be any academic work on online exposure to alcohol marketing via social media in India, and most of the limited research in Australia has focused on Facebook. Hence, the present study extends previous research by investigating alcohol promotion conducted on an under-researched form of social media (YouTube) in two contrasting geographic contexts...
January 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338585/the-effects-of-a-nutrition-media-literacy-intervention-on-parents-and-youths-communication-about-food
#12
Erica Weintraub Austin, Bruce W Austin, Brian F French, Marilyn A Cohen
Interventions addressing links between media exposure and obesity risk for school-age youth have not explicitly addressed the role of family communication about media. Youths' influence attempts on parents to purchase advertised foods can create conflict and negatively affect parental food choices. This study tested whether a family-based media literacy curriculum improves parents' media management skills and decreases youths' susceptibility to appealing but unrealistic food marketing. A matched-group pretest/posttest field experiment of parent-youth dyads with control group (N = 100 dyads, youth M = 11 years of age) tested the six-session curriculum...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337739/birkett-advertises-hurd-s-apparatus-for-anesthesia-with-vitalized-air
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332712/differences-between-recruitment-advertisements-for-academic-and-private-practice-dermatologists
#14
Kishore L Jayakumar, Jules B Lipoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332434/relationship-between-antimicrobial-resistance-programs-and-antibiotic-dispensing-for-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-an-analysis-of-australian-data-between-2004-and-2015
#15
Jianyun Wu, Daniel Taylor, Ludmila Ovchinikova, Aine Heaney, Tessa Morgan, Jonathan Dartnell, Rachel Holbrook, Lauren Humphreys, Lynn Weekes, Suzanne Blogg
Objective NPS MedicineWise aims to ensure that medicines are prescribed and used in a manner consistent with current evidence-based best practice. A series of nationwide educational and advertising interventions for general practitioners and consumers were implemented in Australia between 2009 and 2015 with the aim of reducing antibiotic prescriptions for upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs). The work described in this paper quantifies the change in antibiotic dispensing following these interventions...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330242/patient-perspectives-on-discussions-of-electronic-cigarettes-in-primary-care
#16
Mark P Doescher, Ming Wu, Elizabeth Rainwater, Ali S Khan, Dorothy A Rhoades
PURPOSE: Patient preferences regarding the role of the primary care provider (PCP) in discussing electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use are unknown. METHODS: We administered a cross-sectional survey to 568 adult patients in a family medicine clinic to explore e-cigarette use, sources of information on e-cigarettes, perceived knowledge about e-cigarette health effects, views regarding PCP knowledge of e-cigarettes, interest in discussing e-cigarettes with PCPs and preferred format for e-cigarette information...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330028/perceptions-of-the-relative-harmfulness-of-marijuana-and-alcohol-among-adults-in-oregon
#17
Jane A Allen, Matthew C Farrelly, Jennifer C Duke, Kian Kamyab, James M Nonnemaker, Sarah Wylie, Lauren Dutra, Camille Gourdet
This study documents perceptions of the relative harmfulness of marijuana and alcohol to a person's health among adults in Oregon just before the first legal sales of marijuana for recreational use. We surveyed 1941 adults in Oregon in September 2015. Respondents were recruited using an address-based sampling (ABS) frame (n = 1314) and social media advertising (n = 627). Respondents completed paper surveys (ABS-mail, n = 388) or online surveys (ABS-online, n = 926; social media, n = 627)...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329510/the-predictive-value-of-hunger-score-on-gastric-evacuation-after-oral-intake-of-carbohydrate-solution
#18
Qiu Weiji, Li Shitong, Luo Yu, Hua Tianfang, Kong Ning, Zhang Lina
BACKGROUND: Surgical patients are asked to fast for a sufficient duration to ensure that the amount of residual liquid in the stomach is within the safe range, thereby reducing the risk of gastric reflux perioperatively. The authors hypothesized that subjective hunger numerical rating scale (NRS) score could also help assess the process of gastric emptying and determine the amount of fluid remaining in the stomach. METHODS: The current study consisted of healthy volunteers recruited by advertisement and mutual introduction...
January 12, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327974/the-fda-and-the-us-direct-to-consumer-marketplace-for-stem-cell-interventions-a-temporal-analysis
#19
Paul S Knoepfler, Leigh G Turner
Hundreds of businesses in the US currently advertise a wide range of non-US FDA-approved stem cell interventions. Here we present a novel systematic temporal analysis of US companies engaged in direct-to-consumer marketing of putative stem cell treatments. Between 2009 and 2014, the number of new US stem cell businesses with websites grew rapidly, at least doubling on average every year. From 2014 to 2016, approximately 90-100 new stem cell business websites appeared per year. In contrast, from 2012 to the present, regulatory activity in the form of FDA warning letters has been limited...
January 12, 2018: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323610/the-debate-about-electronic-cigarettes-harm-minimization-or-the-precautionary-principle
#20
Lawrence W Green, Jonathan E Fielding, Ross C Brownson
Two contrasting reviews (authored by Abrams et al. and Glanz & Bareham) in this volume have reached opposing conclusions on the effects of electronic cigarettes in a debate that is dividing the scientific and professional communities that have devoted careers to controlling the manufacture, advertising, sale, and use of combustible cigarettes. The research on the types, degree, and extent of harm from e-cigarettes is far from complete and, together with trends in teenage smoking and vaping, has raised new questions and prospects about the potential benefits that the new electronic products offer smokers of combustible cigarettes in quitting or at least cutting back on the known risks associated with the traditional forms of smoking...
January 11, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
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