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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145409/predictors-of-suicide-ideation-among-older-adults-with-bipolar-disorder
#1
Norm O'Rourke, Marnin J Heisel, Sarah L Canham, Andrew Sixsmith
OBJECTIVES: Bipolar disorder (BD) carries the greatest risk of death by suicide of all psychiatric conditions as 25%-50% of those with BD will make one or more suicide attempt, and about 15% will intentionally end their lives. Among young adults with BD, substance misuse, medication non-adherence, age at onset, and comorbid psychiatric conditions each predict self-harm. It is currently unclear if these same factors or others predict suicide ideation among older adults with BD. METHODS: We recruited a global sample of 220 older adults with BD over 19 days using socio-demographically targeted, social media advertising and online data collection (Mean = 58...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142580/medical-education-journal-club-two-years-experience-at-king-saud-university
#2
Samina A Khan, Mona M Soliman
Objective: Medical Education Journal Club is an evidence-based approach to teach and learn critical appraisal techniques on available literature. This study evaluates the implementation and experience of two academic years of Journal club at Medical Education Department, King Saud University. Methods: We started JC in 2015 at medical education department, KSU. An invitation with a published paper and event poster were sent 2 weeks prior of the session to participants...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142532/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-relationship-between-receptivity-to-e-cigarette-advertisements-and-e-cigarette-use-among-baseline-non-users-of-cigarettes-and-e-cigarettes-united-states
#3
Israel T Agaku, Kevin Davis, Deesha Patel, Paul Shafer, Shanna Cox, William Ridgeway, Brian A King
Background: We investigated the relationship between receptivity to electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) advertisements at baseline and e-cigarette use at follow-up among adult baseline non-users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes. Methods: A nationally representative online panel was used to survey non-users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes (n = 2191) at baseline and 5-month follow-up. At baseline, respondents were shown an e-cigarette advertisement and asked if they were aware of it (exposure)...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142037/elevated-psychosocial-stress-at-work-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#4
Jutta G Richter, Thomas Muth, Jian Li, Ralph Brinks, Gamal Chehab, Tobias Koch, Johannes Siegrist, Peter Angerer, Dörte Huscher, Matthias Schneider
OBJECTIVE: Psychosocial stress at work not only affects the healthy working population, but also workers with chronic diseases. We aimed to investigate the psychosocial work stress levels in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A cross-sectional study applied the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) questionnaire - an internationally established instrument that measures work stress - to patients with SLE and RA who were capable of work and to a group of controls without these diseases...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140859/patient-and-caregiver-assessment-of-the-benefits-from-the-clinical-use-of-amyloid-pet-imaging
#5
Rafid Mustafa, Jared R Brosch, Gil D Rabinovici, Bradford C Dickerson, Maria C Carrillo, Bradley S Glazier, Sujuan Gao, Martha Tierney, Keith N Fargo, Mary G Austrom, Susan De Santi, David G Clark, Liana G Apostolova
INTRODUCTION: Few studies to date have explored patient and caregiver views on the clinical use of amyloid positron emission tomography (PET). METHODS: A 7-item questionnaire assessing patient and caregiver views (510 total respondents) toward amyloid PET imaging was advertised broadly through alz.org/trialmatch. RESULTS: We received 510 unique responses from 48 US states, 2 Canadian provinces, the Dominican Republic, and Greece. Both patients and caregivers indicated that they would want to receive amyloid imaging if offered the opportunity...
November 14, 2017: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140651/fda-required-tobacco-product-inserts-onserts%C3%A2-and-the-first-amendment
#6
Eric N Lindblom, Micah L Berman, James F Thrasher
In 2012, a federal court of appeals struck down an FDA rule requiring graphic health warnings on cigarettes as violating First Amendment commercial speech protections. Tobacco product inserts and onserts can more readily avoid First Amendment constraints while delivering more extensive information to tobacco users, and can work effectively to support and encourage smoking cessation. This paper examines FDA’s authority to require effective inserts and onserts and shows how FDA could design and support them to avoid First Amendment problems...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138877/%C3%AE-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-like-discriminative-stimulus-effects-of-five-novel-synthetic-cannabinoids-in-rats
#7
Michael B Gatch, Michael J Forster
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Novel synthetic cannabinoid compounds continue to appear in the market advertised as legal alternatives to marijuana and the older synthetic cannabinoid compounds which are now controlled substances. Most of these newer compounds have been found to act at CB1 receptors, so the purpose of this study was to study the abuse liability of these compounds. METHODS: Five of these compounds (BB-22, FUB-PB-22, 5F-AMB, NM2201, and MAB-CHMINACA) were tested for their ability to produce discriminative stimulus effects similar to Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ(9)-THC) in rats...
November 14, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137609/a-comparative-content-analysis-of-media-reporting-of-sports-betting-in-australia-lessons-for-public-health-media-advocacy-approaches
#8
Jennifer L David, Samantha L Thomas, Melanie Randle, Steven J Bowe, Mike Daube
BACKGROUND: Harmful gambling is a significant public health issue. There has been widespread discussion in the Australian media about the extent and impact of sports betting on the Australian community, particularly relating to young men and children. Given the role that the media plays in influencing policy change and political agendas, and the acknowledgement that media based advocacy is a fundamental component of successful advocacy campaigns, this research aimed to investigate how different stakeholder groups discuss sports betting within the Australian print media...
November 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135990/curcumin-affects-gene-expression-and-reactive-oxygen-species-via-a-pka-dependent-mechanism-in-dictyostelium-discoideum
#9
William S Swatson, Mariko Katoh-Kurasawa, Gad Shaulsky, Stephen Alexander
Botanicals are widely used as dietary supplements and for the prevention and treatment of disease. Despite a long history of use, there is generally little evidence supporting the efficacy and safety of these preparations. Curcumin has been used to treat a myriad of human diseases and is widely advertised and marketed for its ability to improve health, but there is no clear understanding how curcumin interacts with cells and affects cell physiology. D. discoideum is a simple eukaryotic lead system that allows both tractable genetic and biochemical studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133990/the-acoustic-repertoire-of-the-atlantic-forest-rocket-frog-and-its-consequences-for-taxonomy-and-conservation-allobates-aromobatidae
#10
Lucas Rodriguez Forti, Thaís Renata Ávila da Silva, Luís Felipe Toledo
The use of acoustic signals is a common characteristic of most anuran species to mediate intraspecific communication. Besides many social purposes, one of the main functions of these signals is species recognition. For this reason, this phenotypic trait is normally applied to taxonomy or to construct evolutionary relationship hypotheses. Here the acoustic repertoire of five populations of the genus Allobates from the Brazilian Atlantic Forest are presented for the first time, on a vulnerable to extinction Neotropical taxon...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133409/psychological-targeting-as-an-effective-approach-to-digital-mass-persuasion
#11
S C Matz, M Kosinski, G Nave, D J Stillwell
People are exposed to persuasive communication across many different contexts: Governments, companies, and political parties use persuasive appeals to encourage people to eat healthier, purchase a particular product, or vote for a specific candidate. Laboratory studies show that such persuasive appeals are more effective in influencing behavior when they are tailored to individuals' unique psychological characteristics. However, the investigation of large-scale psychological persuasion in the real world has been hindered by the questionnaire-based nature of psychological assessment...
November 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132426/comment-on-a-re-assessment-of-the-safety-of-silver-in-household-water-treatment-rapid-systematic-review-of-mammalian-in-vivo-genotoxicity-studies
#12
EDITORIAL
Daniele Lantagne, Justine Rayner, Anjuliee Mittelman, Kurt Pennell
We wish to thank Fewtrell, Majuru, and Hunter for their article highlighting genotoxic risks associated with the use of particulate silver for primary drinking water treatment. The recent promotion of colloidal silver products for household water treatment in developing countries is problematic due to previously identified concerns regarding manufacturing quality and questionable advertising practices, as well as the low efficiency of silver nanoparticles to treat bacteria, viruses, and protozoa in source waters...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132275/evidence-of-biased-advertising-in-the-case-of-social-egg-freezing
#13
Christopher Barbey
Oocyte cryopreservation, or 'egg freezing,' is the practice of preserving unfertilised oocytes for later fertilisation. This practice allows women to extend their reproductive years. In 2014, Facebook and Apple announced that they would subsidise their female employees' elective - or 'social' - use of egg freezing so that these women can more easily reconcile the demands of career and family life. This announcement engendered controversy and moral debate. Given that social egg freezing (SEF) is becoming more popular, ethical and empirical analyses are warranted...
November 2017: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132089/neural-effects-of-environmental-advertising-an-fmri-analysis-of-voice-age-and-temporal-framing
#14
Luis-Alberto Casado-Aranda, Myriam Martínez-Fiestas, Juan Sánchez-Fernández
Ecological information offered to society through advertising enhances awareness of environmental issues, encourages development of sustainable attitudes and intentions, and can even alter behavior. This paper, by means of functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) and self-reports, explores the underlying mechanisms of processing ecological messages. The study specifically examines brain and behavioral responses to persuasive ecological messages that differ in temporal framing and in the age of the voice pronouncing them...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128584/the-influence-of-maternal-modeling-on-body-image-concerns-and-eating-disturbances-in-preadolescent-girls
#15
Charlotte M Handford, Ronald M Rapee, Jasmine Fardouly
Research suggests that mothers may influence the development of body image concerns and eating disturbances in their daughters by modeling negative body image beliefs and unhealthy eating behaviors. However, the causal nature of that mode of influence is yet to be established. This study implemented an experimental design to examine the impact of mothers' modeling of negative comments about their own appearance and diet on their daughters' body image concerns and eating behaviors. Participants were 8-12 year old girls and their mothers (N = 50)...
November 6, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127787/e-cigarette-marketing-exposure-and-combustible-tobacco-use-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#16
Rehab Auf, Mary Jo Trepka, Moaz Selim, Ziyad Ben Taleb, Mario De La Rosa, Miguel Ángel Cano
E-cigarette advertising has been shown to be associated with use of e-cigarettes, but its association with tobacco use has not been studied. Therefore, we examined the association between e-cigarettes advertisement and tobacco use. Data from nationally representative 22,007 middle and high school students (grades 6-12) were used to conduct the analysis. Logistic regression models estimated the adjusted odds ratios (AOR) of ever and current use of cigarette, hookah, cigar, and polytobacco use. Odds ratios were weighted and adjusted for study design, non-response rates, school level, gender, race/ethnicity, e-cigarette use, and smoking at home...
October 14, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127395/extra-territorial-movements-differ-between-territory-holders-and-subordinates-in-a-large-monogamous-rodent
#17
Martin Mayer, Andreas Zedrosser, Frank Rosell
Territorial animals carry out extra-territorial movements (forays) to obtain pre-dispersal information or to increase reproductive success via extra-pair copulation. However, little is known about other purposes and spatial movement patterns of forays. In this study, we GPS-tagged 54 Eurasian beavers (Castor fiber), a year-round territorial, monogamous mammal, during the non-mating season. We investigated forays in territory-holding breeders (dominants) and non-breeding (subordinate) family members. Twenty of 46 dominant individuals (44%), and 6 of 10 subordinates (60%) conducted forays...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126126/exposure-to-point-of-sale-marketing-of-cigarettes-and-e-cigarettes-as-predictors-of-smoking-cessation-behaviors
#18
Dale S Mantey, Keryn E Pasch, Alexandra Loukas, Cheryl L Perry
Introduction: Cue-reactivity theory suggests smoking-related visual cues such as point-of-sale (POS) marketing (e.g., advertising, product displays) may undermine cessation attempts by causing an increase in nicotine cravings among users. This study examined the relationship between recall of exposure to POS marketing and subsequent cessation behaviors among young adult cigarette smokers. Methods: Participants included 813 18-29 year old (m=21.1, sd=2.70) current cigarette smokers attending 24 Texas colleges...
November 6, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126121/the-relationship-between-neighborhood-disorder-and-barriers-to-cessation-in-a-sample-of-impoverished-inner-city-smokers-in-baltimore-maryland-usa
#19
Carl Latkin, Ryan D Kennedy, Melissa Davey-Rothwell, Tuo-Yen Tseng, Lauren Czaplicki, Anirudh Baddela, Catie Edwards, Geetanjali Chander, Meghan Bridgid Moran, Amy Knowlton
Introduction: Economic disparities in rates of smoking have been well documented in many countries. These disparities exist on an individual and geographic or neighborhood level. This cross-sectional study examined the relationship between neighborhood physical and social disorder and barriers to smoking cessation among an impoverished urban sample. Methods: A sample of current smokers were recruited through street outreach, posted advertisements, and word of mouth from impoverished neighborhoods in Baltimore, Maryland, USA for a study of psychosocial factors and smoking behaviors...
November 8, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122256/cupping-therapy-an-analysis-of-the-effects-of-suction-on-skin-and-the-possible-influence-on-human-health
#20
REVIEW
Duane T Lowe
BACKGROUND: Cupping therapy is a traditional therapy that has been employed worldwide for thousands of years. Despite a lack of quality clinical studies evaluating the efficacy of cupping therapy, its long history and widespread use throughout the world suggests the commonly claimed health benefits should not be completely discounted as without merit. PURPOSE: The goal of this paper is to present the research detailing what is known concerning the effects of suction on skin and underlying tissue, and the reaction of the body to that stimulus...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
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