keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

neonatal autopsy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642737/sudden-unexpected-death-in-neonates-a-clinico-pathological-study
#1
Jeanette A Reyes, Gino R Somers, David A Chiasson
Clinico-pathological studies that focus on sudden unexpected death (SUD) in the neonatal period are rare. The objective of this study was to elucidate the frequency and pathological spectrum of anatomical causes of death (CODs), found in the setting of sudden unexpected death in neonates (SUD-N), and to correlate the COD with premortem circumstantial information. We conducted a detailed review of all autopsy reports on SUD-N cases at our institution from 1997 to 2015. Analyzed clinical data included obstetrical history, postpartum/neonatal medical course, and circumstances surrounding death...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560582/a-family-segregating-lethal-neonatal-coenzyme-q-10-deficiency-caused-by-mutations-in-coq9
#2
Amanda C Smith, Yoko Ito, Afsana Ahmed, Jeremy A Schwartzentruber, Chandree L Beaulieu, Erika Aberg, Jacek Majewski, Dennis E Bulman, Karina Horsting-Wethly, Diana Vermunt-de Koning, Richard J Rodenburg, Kym M Boycott, Lynette S Penney
Primary CoQ10 deficiency is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous, autosomal recessive disorder resulting from mutations in genes involved in the synthesis of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10 ). To date, mutations in nine proteins required for the biosynthesis of CoQ10 cause CoQ10 deficiency with varying clinical presentations. In 2009 the first patient with mutations in COQ9 was reported in an infant with a neonatal-onset, primary CoQ10 deficiency with multi-system disease. Here we describe four siblings with a previously undiagnosed lethal disorder characterized by oligohydramnios and intrauterine growth restriction, variable cardiomyopathy, anemia, and renal anomalies...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532452/hepcidin-an-iron-regulatory-hormone-of-innate-immunity-is-differentially-expressed-in-premature-fetuses-with-early-onset-neonatal-sepsis
#3
Sammy M Tabbah, Catalin S Buhimschi, Katherine Rodewald-Millen, Christopher R Pierson, Vineet Bhandari, Philip Samuels, Irina A Buhimschi
OBJECTIVE:  Hepcidin, a mediator of innate immunity, binds the iron exporter ferroportin, leading to functional hypoferremia through intracellular iron sequestration. We explored hepcidin-ferroportin interactions in neonates clinically diagnosed with early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS). STUDY DESIGN:  Hepcidin and interleukin (IL)-6 were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 92 paired cord blood-maternal blood samples in the following groups: "Yes" EONS ( n  = 41, gestational age [GA] 29 ± 1 weeks) and "No" EONS ( n  = 51, GA 26 ± 1 weeks)...
February 2, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502491/cause-specific-mortality-in-the-kombewa-health-and-demographic-surveillance-systems-site-rural-western-kenya-from-2011-2015
#4
Peter Sifuna, Lucas Otieno, Sheila Ogwang, Bernhards Ogutu, Ben Andagalu, John Owuoth, Valentine Singoei, Jessica Cowden, Walter Otieno
BACKGROUND: The vast majority of deaths in the health and Kombewa demographic surveillance system (HDSS) study area are not registered and reported through official systems of vital registration. As a result, few data are available regarding causes of death in this population. OBJECTIVES: To describe causes of death among residents of all ages in the Kombewa HDSS, located in rural Western Kenya. METHODS: Verbal autopsy (VA) interviews at the site were conducted using the modified 2007 and later 2012 standardized WHO questionnaires...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394247/health-and-socio-demographic-profile-of-women-of-reproductive-age-in-rural-communities-of-southern-mozambique
#5
Charfudin Sacoor, Beth Payne, Orvalho Augusto, Faustino Vilanculo, Ariel Nhacolo, Marianne Vidler, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Khátia Munguambe, Tang Lee, Eusébio Macete, Peter von Dadelszen, Esperança Sevene
Reliable statistics on maternal morbidity and mortality are scarce in low and middle-income countries, especially in rural areas. This is the case in Mozambique where many births happen at home. Furthermore, a sizeable number of facility births have inadequate registration. Such information is crucial for developing effective national and global health policies for maternal and child health. The aim of this study was to generate reliable baseline socio-demographic information on women of reproductive age as well as to establish a demographic surveillance platform to support the planning and implementation of the Community Level Intervention for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP) study, a cluster randomized controlled trial...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347942/infant-and-child-mortality-in-relation-to-malaria-transmission-in-kemri-cdc-hdss-western-kenya-validation-of-verbal-autopsy
#6
Nyaguara O Amek, Annemieke Van Eijk, Kim A Lindblade, Mary Hamel, Nabie Bayoh, John Gimnig, Kayla F Laserson, Laurence Slutsker, Thomas Smith, Penelope Vounatsou
BACKGROUND: Malaria transmission reduction is a goal of many malaria control programmes. Little is known of how much mortality can be reduced by specific reductions in transmission. Verbal autopsy (VA) is widely used for estimating malaria specific mortality rates, but does not reliably distinguish malaria from other febrile illnesses. Overall malaria attributable mortality includes both direct and indirect deaths. It is unclear what proportion of the deaths averted by reducing malaria transmission are classified as malaria in VA...
January 18, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345722/morphometric-properties-of-the-tensor-fascia-lata-muscle-in-human-fetuses
#7
Orhan Beger, Turan Koç, Burhan Beger, Deniz Uzmansel, Zeliha Kurtoğlu
In neonatal and early childhood surgeries such as meningomyelocele repairs, closing deep wounds and oncological treatment, tensor fasciae lata (TFL) flaps are used. However, there are not enough data about structural properties of TFL in fetuses, which can be considered as the closest to neonates in terms of sampling. This study's main objective is to gather data about morphological structures of TFL in human fetuses to be used in newborn surgery. Fifty formalin-fixed fetuses (24 Male - 26 Female) with gestational age ranging from 18 - 30 weeks (mean 22...
January 18, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302380/a-case-of-fatal-pulmonary-hypoplasia-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-thoracic-myelomeningocele-and-thoracic-dysplasia
#8
Ai Ito, Hideshi Fujinaga, Sachiko Matsui, Kumiko Tago, Yuka Iwasaki, Shuhei Fujino, Junko Nagasawa, Shoichiro Amari, Masao Kaneshige, Yuka Wada, Shigehiro Takahashi, Keiko Tsukamoto, Osamu Miyazaki, Takako Yoshioka, Akira Ishiguro, Yushi Ito
Background  Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is fatal in severe cases of pulmonary hypoplasia. We experienced a fatal case of pulmonary hypoplasia due to CDH, thoracic myelomeningocele (MMC), and thoracic dysplasia. This constellation of anomalies has not been previously reported. Case Report  A male infant with a prenatal diagnosis of thoracic MMC with severe hydrocephalus and scoliosis was born at 36 weeks of gestation. CDH was found after birth and the patient died of respiratory failure due to pulmonary hypoplasia and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn at 30 hours of age despite neonatal intensive care...
October 2017: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282018/why-gone-too-soon-examining-social-determinants-of-neonatal-deaths-in-northwest-ethiopia-using-the-three-delay-model-approach
#9
Tariku Nigatu Bogale, Abebaw Gebeyehu Worku, Gashaw Andargie Bikis, Zemene Tigabu Kebede
BACKGROUND: Without improving the survival of newborns, meaningful reduction in under-five mortality is difficult. Most neonatal deaths are preventable when appropriate and timely care is sought. In Ethiopia, there is lack of evidence on the type and contribution of delays in treatment seeking to neonatal deaths. METHODS: A community based social autopsy (SA) of 39 neonatal deaths was conducted from March 16 to 24, 2016 in Dabat Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) in northwest Ethiopia...
December 28, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278645/impact-of-preterm-birth-on-the-developing-myocardium-of-the-neonate
#10
Jonathan G Bensley, Lynette Moore, Robert De Matteo, Richard Harding, Mary Jane Black
BackgroundGlobally, ∼10% of infants are born before full term. Preterm birth exposes the heart to the demands of postnatal cardiovascular function before cardiac development is complete. Our aim was to examine, in hearts collected from infants at autopsy, the effects of preterm birth on myocardial structure and on cardiomyocyte development.Methods and resultsHeart tissue was collected at perinatal autopsies of 16 infants who died following preterm birth between 23 and 36 weeks of gestation, and survived for 1-42 days; the hearts of 37 appropriately grown stillborn infants, aged 20-40 weeks of gestation, were used for comparison...
February 7, 2018: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274205/arthrogryposis-and-pterygia-as-lethal-end-manifestations-of-genetically-defined-congenital-myopathies
#11
Atif A Ahmed, Priya Skaria, Nicole P Safina, Isabelle Thiffault, Alex Kats, Eugenio Taboada, Sultan Habeebu, Carol Saunders
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita affects approximately 1 in 3,000 individuals of different ethnic backgrounds and displays an equal incidence in males and females. The underlying mechanism for congenital contracture of the joints is decreased fetal movement during intrauterine development. This disorder is associated with over 400 medical conditions and 350 known genes that display considerable variability in phenotypic expression. In this report, four fetal or perinatal autopsy cases of arthrogryposis were studied by gross morphology, microscopic histopathologic examination, and whole genome sequencing of postmortem DNA...
February 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261449/using-social-autopsy-to-understand-maternal-newborn-and-child-mortality-in-low-resource-settings-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
Cheryl A Moyer, Cassidy Johnson, Elizabeth Kaselitz, Raymond Aborigo
BACKGROUND: Social, cultural, and behavioral factors are often potent upstream contributors to maternal, neonatal, and child mortality, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Social autopsy is one method of identifying the impact of such factors, yet it is unclear how social autopsy methods are being used in LMICs. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the most common social autopsy instruments, describe overarching findings across populations and geography, and identify gaps in the existing social autopsy literature...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216358/rapid-protective-effects-of-early-bcg-on-neonatal-mortality-among-low-birth-weight-boys-observations-from-randomized-trials
#13
Sofie Biering-Sørensen, Kristoffer Jarlov Jensen, Ivan Monterio, Henrik Ravn, Peter Aaby, Christine Stabell Benn
Background: Three randomized trials (RCTs) in low-weight (<2.5 kg) infants have shown that Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine nonspecifically reduces all-cause mortality in the neonatal period. Methods: Using data from 3 RCTs of early BCG (n = 6583) we examined potential sex differences in the timing of the mortality reduction in the neonatal period, presenting metaestimates of the main outcome mortality rate ratios (MRR) for BCG-vaccinated and controls. Results: Among controls, boys had a particularly high mortality during the first week after randomization: male-female MRR 2...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177625/hydrometrocolpos-etiology-and-management-past-beckons-the-present
#14
REVIEW
Kashish Khanna, Shilpa Sharma, D K Gupta
Hydrometrocolpos is a rare condition in which the uterus and the vagina are grossly distended with a retained fluid other than pus or blood. It may present during the neonatal period or later at puberty. Most cases reported earlier were stillbirths and were diagnosed only on autopsy. Antenatal diagnosis is now possible with the advent of ultrasound. An early diagnosis and speedy management is the key to survival. Many previous case reports have focused on the varied clinical presentations, multiple causes, associated syndromes and/or the radiological diagnosis of this condition...
March 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164078/internal-hernia-masquerading-as-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#15
Ranjit I Kylat
In extremely preterm infants, acute abdominal emergencies are fortunately less common with improving care. Spontaneous intestinal perforation and necrotizing enterocolitis are conditions where emergency surgery is most often needed. Conservative medical management and placement of temporary drain are often used in the initial management. Internal hernia (IH) is an uncommon cause of bowel obstruction in neonates, is difficult to diagnose and unfortunately are found only at autopsy. The presentation in preterm infants, distinction between these conditions, and the need for early diagnosis of IH are discussed...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089165/a-case-of-intrauterine-lethal-fetal-injury-after-attempted-suicide-of-the-mother
#16
Lucia Tattoli, Giancarlo Di Vella, Biagio Solarino
Traumatic injuries in pregnancy such as abdominal trauma, pelvic fractures and penetrating trauma are major causes of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. The most common causes of trauma during pregnancy are motor vehicle accidents, falls, assaults, gunshots, and burns. Pregnancy itself has been identified as a risk factor for trauma, together with a younger age, drug use, alcohol use, and domestic violence. We report the case of a 46-year-old woman, 34 weeks pregnant, who attempted suicide by jumping from a flyover, immediately after a probably deliberate traffic collision with the guardrail...
November 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083107/increased-mir-223-expression-in-foetal-organs-is-a-signature-of-acute-chorioamnionitis-with-systemic-consequences
#17
JoonHo Lee, Chong Jai Kim, Jung-Sun Kim, Deug-Chan Lee, Sejin Ahn, Bo Hyun Yoon
Acute chorioamnionitis, frequently observed in preterm placentas, is a major risk factor for the development of infection and non-infection-related adverse perinatal outcomes. MicroRNAs play important roles in immune cell development and function as well as in the development of cancers and neurologic diseases. We sought to investigate the changes in microRNA-223 (miR-223) expression and the functional significance of the changes in miR-223 expression in foetal organs in the presence of acute chorioamnionitis...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075919/a-systematic-autopsy-survey-of-human-infant-bridging-veins
#18
Emma C Cheshire, Roger D G Malcomson, Peng Sun, Evgeny M Mirkes, Jasmin M Amoroso, Guy N Rutty
In the first years of life, subdural haemorrhage (SDH) within the cranial cavity can occur through accidental and non-accidental mechanisms as well as from birth-related injury. This type of bleeding is the most common finding in victims of abusive head trauma (AHT). Historically, the most frequent cause of SDHs in infancy is suggested to be traumatic damage to bridging veins traversing from the brain to the dural membrane. However, several alternative hypotheses have been suggested for the cause and origin of subdural bleeding...
October 26, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954562/arthrogryposis-multiplex-congenita-in-utero-radiologic-and-pathologic-findings
#19
Priya Skaria, Amy Dahl, Atif Ahmed
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) refers to the development of multiple joint contractures affecting two or more areas of the body prior to birth. It affects approximately 1 in 3000 individuals, mostly reported in individuals of Asian, African and European descent with equal incidence in males and females. Arthrogryposis is associated with over 400 medical conditions and 350 known genes with considerable variability in phenotypic expression. The primary underlying mechanism is decreased fetal movement during development...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939096/changes-in-cause-specific-neonatal-and-1-59-month-child-mortality-in-india-from-2000-to-2015-a-nationally-representative-survey
#20
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Documentation of the demographic and geographical details of changes in cause-specific neonatal (younger than 1 month) and 1-59-month mortality in India can guide further progress in reduction of child mortality. In this study we report the changes in cause-specific child mortality between 2000 and 2015 in India. METHODS: Since 2001, the Registrar General of India has implemented the Million Death Study (MDS) in 1·3 million homes in more than 7000 randomly selected areas of India...
October 28, 2017: Lancet
keyword
keyword
67155
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"