keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Syncope review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524130/-creation-of-extracranial-intracranial-microvascular-anastomosis-under-regional-anesthesia-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
D Yu Usachev, V A Lukshin, A V Shmigel'skiy, A D Akhmedov, A D Sosnin, K A Kozlova
The article describes a case of successful surgical treatment of an 81-year-old male patient with symptomatic occlusion of the internal carotid artery that led to severe impairment of cerebral hemodynamics and was accompanied by severe gait and equilibrium disorders. Given the patient's age and his positive medical history, he underwent surgery for the creation of an extracranial-intracranial microvascular anastomosis under regional anesthesia, with spontaneous breathing and a baseline level of consciousness being maintained...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523341/cost-of-unnecessary-testing-in-the-evaluation-of-pediatric-syncope
#2
Connor Redd, Cameron Thomas, Martha Willis, Michelle Amos, Jeffrey Anderson
Syncope is a common and a typically benign clinical problem in children and adolescents. The majority of tests ordered in otherwise healthy pediatric patients presenting with syncope have low diagnostic yield. This study quantifies testing and corresponding patient charges in a group of pediatric patients presenting for outpatient evaluation for syncope. Patients seen between 3/2011 and 4/2013 in the multi-disciplinary Syncope Clinic at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center were enrolled in a registry which was reviewed for patient information...
May 18, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506439/clinical-review-loperamide-toxicity
#3
REVIEW
Peter E Wu, David N Juurlink
Loperamide is a nonprescription opioid widely used for the treatment of diarrhea. Although it is relatively safe at therapeutic doses, increasing reports describe its misuse and abuse at very high doses either for euphoric effects or to attenuate symptoms of opioid withdrawal. Life-threatening loperamide toxicity can result from the relatively new clinical syndrome of loperamide-induced cardiac toxicity. These patients are often young and may present in cardiac arrest or with unheralded, recurrent syncope in conjunction with ECG abnormalities, including marked QT-interval prolongation, QRS-interval widening, and ventricular dysrhythmias...
May 13, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499865/implication-of-altered-autonomic-control-for-orthostatic-tolerance-in-sci
#4
REVIEW
Jill Maria Wecht, William A Bauman
Neural output from the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) are integrated to appropriately control cardiovascular responses during routine activities of daily living including orthostatic positioning. Sympathetic control of the upper extremity vasculature and the heart arises from the thoracic cord between T1 and T5, whereas splanchnic bed and lower extremity vasculature receive sympathetic neural input from the lower cord between segments T5 and L2. Although the vasculature is not directly innervated by the parasympathetic nervous system, the SA node is innervated by post-ganglionic vagal nerve fibers via cranial nerve X...
May 3, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496938/brugada-syndrome-risk-stratification-and-management
#5
REVIEW
Yoshifusa Aizawa
The Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an arrhythmogenic disease associated with an increased risk of ventricular fibrillation and sudden cardiac death. The risk stratification and management of BrS patients, particularly of asymptomatic ones, still remains challenging. A previous history of aborted sudden cardiac death or arrhythmic syncope in the presence of spontaneous type 1 ECG pattern of BrS phenotype appear to be the most reliable predictors of future arrhythmic events. Several other ECG parameters have been proposed for risk stratification...
October 2016: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496553/does-syncope-predict-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism-a-retrospective-review
#6
Umair Iqbal, Ayesha Jameel, Hafsa Anwar, Melissa B Scribani, Edward Bischof, Ahmad Chaudhary
BACKGROUND: Acute pulmonary embolism (APE) is a potentially fatal disease with high mortality. Prior studies have shown an increased frequency of central localization of the clot, right ventricular dysfunction and elevated troponin in patients who present with syncope and APE. Existing evidence regarding mortality and length of hospital stay in these patients is unclear. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed electronic medical records of patients who were admitted in a tertiary care hospital in rural Upstate New York and diagnosed with APE from July 2014 to July 2016...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490286/loss-of-consciousness-collapse-and-associated-driving-restrictions-a-retrospective-case-note-review-an-important-reminder-regarding-driving-restrictions
#7
Adam Williamson, Scott Muir
Background and aims National guidelines outlining medical standards for fitness to drive are provided by The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency. We aimed to establish whether patients presenting with collapse or loss of consciousness received documented advice regarding driving restrictions, if appropriate for their working diagnosis. Methods and results A retrospective case note review was undertaken over a four-month period for emergency patients clinically coded as seizure/convulsion (R568) and collapse/syncope (R55X); 163 patients had a primary or working diagnosis on discharge that suggested driving status and restrictions could have been reviewed...
January 1, 2017: Scottish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482693/risk-factors-for-sudden-cardiac-death-in-childhood-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Gabrielle Norrish, Nicoletta Cantarutti, Eleni Pissaridou, Deborah A Ridout, Giuseppe Limongelli, Perry M Elliott, Juan Pablo Kaski
Aims To perform a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of clinical risk factors for sudden cardiac death (SCD) in childhood hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Methods Medline and PubMed databases were searched for original articles published in English from 1963 through to December 2015 that included patients under 18 years of age with a primary or secondary end-point of either SCD or SCD-equivalent events (aborted cardiac arrest or appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator discharge) or cardiovascular death (CVD)...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457108/syncope-in-primary-prevention-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-implantation
#9
Gustavo Goldenberg, Tamir Bental, Udi Kadmon, Ronit Zabarsky, Jairo Kusnick, Alon Barsheshet, Gregory Golovchiner, Boris Strasberg
BACKGROUND: Syncope prognosis varies widely: 1 year mortality may range from 0% in the case of vasovagal events up to 30% in the presence of heart disease. OBJECTIVES: To assess the outcomes and prognosis of patients with implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) and indication of primary prevention and compare patients presenting with or without prior syncope. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of 75 patients who underwent ICD implantation with the indication of primary prevention and history of syncope and compared them to a control group of 80 patients without prior syncope...
January 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444167/electrical-cardiac-injuries-current-concepts-and-management
#10
Victor Waldmann, Kumar Narayanan, Nicolas Combes, Daniel Jost, Xavier Jouven, Eloi Marijon
Electrical injuries are a commonly encountered hazard in both the home and workplace. However, clinicians are often uncomfortable when faced with the patient who presents with an electric shock due to sparse literature and lack of systematic recommendations on this topic. Electrical injuries can range from minor skin burns to life threatening internal organ damage. A thorough clinical assessment to ascertain the path of current through the body and possible internal injury is essential. The main concern in an apparently stable individual after an electric shock is the potential for delayed occurrence of cardiac arrhythmias which will require monitoring in the intensive care setting...
April 20, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425226/a-review-of-pediatric-pulmonary-hypertension-with-new-guidelines
#11
Serdar Kula, Ayhan Pektaş
This study aims to review pediatric pulmonary hypertension (PH) by comparing the guidelines of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)/European Respiratory Society (ERS), the American Heart Association (AHA)/American Thoracic Society (ATS), and the European Pediatric Pulmonary Vascular Disease Network (EPPVDN). All three sets of guidelines define PH as having a mean pulmonary artery pressure of ≥25 mmHg and accept the validity of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification system. Every child with a high index of suspicion for PH should undergo an initial work-up of chest X-rays, electrocardiography, and echocardiography...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401854/inappropriate-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-shocks-in-brugada-syndrome-pattern-in-primary-and-secondary-prevention
#12
Aimé Bonny, Mohammed A Talle, Thibaut Vaugrenard, Jérôme Taieb, Marcus Ngantcha
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) shocks is a common complication in Brugada syndrome. However, the incidence in recipients of ICD for primary and secondary prevention is unknown. METHOD AND RESULTS: We compared the rate of inappropriate shocks in patients with Brugada syndrome that had an ICD for primary and secondary prevention. We studied 51 patients, 86.5% of whom were males. Their mean age at diagnosis was 47 ± 11 years...
January 2017: Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395095/comparison-of-inflight-first-aid-performed-by-cabin-crew-members-and-medical-volunteers
#13
Jung Ha Kim, Smi Choi-Kwon, Young Hwan Park
Background: Since the number of air travellers, including the elderly and passengers with an underlying disease, is increasing every year, the number of inflight emergency patients is expected to increase as well. We attempted to identify the incidence and types of reported inflight medical incidents and analyse the first aid performed by cabin crew members or medical volunteers in flights by an Asian airline. We also investigated the cases of inflight deaths and aircraft diversions. Methods: We reviewed the cabin reports and medical records submitted by cabin crew members and inflight medical volunteers from 2009 to 2013...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393750/severe-cardiac-involvement-in-gaucher-type-iiic-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Yılmaz Kör, Mehmet Keskin, Osman Başpınar
Gaucher disease is an autosomal-recessive lysosomal storage disease characterised by the accumulation of glucocerebroside in macrophages; it is caused by mutations in glucocerebrosidase gene-1 in many organ tissues such as the liver, spleen, and bone marrow. Its different clinical subtypes, according to the presence and severity of neurological symptoms, are as follows: type I, non-neuronopathic (95%); type II, acute neuronopathic; and type III, chronic neuronopathic. Type IIIC is a rare subgroup characterised by cardiovascular involvement as well as eye-movement disorders and late-onset neurological symptoms...
April 10, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383846/-a-case-of-swallow-syncope
#15
P Trinco, B Falque, A-C Stilman, K Windhausen
Syncope accounts for nearly 5 % of the emergency intake causes. Swallow syncope is a rare form of cardio-neurogenic syncope. Less than a hundred cases were reported since its first description in the mid-18th century. We present the case of an 83-year-old patient with recurrent syncope occurring during meals. Telemetry monitoring revealed a severe bradycardia with complete AV block and a pause of 8 seconds. A dual chamber pacemaker was implanted and the syncopal episodes were abolished. We shall briefly review the diagnostic methods, mechanisms, and therapy of swallow syncope...
July 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367598/early-repolarization-in-normal-adolescents-is-common
#16
Humera Ahmed, Richard J Czosek, David S Spar, Timothy K Knilans, Jeffrey B Anderson
In adults with structurally normal hearts, the early repolarization pattern (ERP) on electrocardiogram (ECG) may be associated with an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. The prevalence and significance of the ERP in children is unknown. This study examines the prevalence of the ERP, the population in which it is found, and whether there exists any correlation with increased LV mass or family history of significant cardiac events. This was a secondary review of data obtained from healthy adolescents undergoing a limited ECG and transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) as part of a cardiac screening study...
April 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355718/-the-clinical-characteristics-of-stroke-in-young-patients-with-cardiac-myxoma
#17
G F Cao, Q Bi, L Cao, C Wang
Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of stroke in young patients with cardiac myxoma. Methods: Medical records of young patients (aged between 18-44 years) diagnosed with cardiac myxoma in Beijing Anzhen Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2005 to March 2016 were retrospective reviewed. Results: A total of 117 cases were included (85 female and 32 male)with the average age (36±7)years old. Most myxomas (83.8%) were located in the left atrium, 7.7% were in the right atrium, 3...
April 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323171/acquired-long-qt-syndrome-in-hospitalized-patients
#18
Haixu Yu, Li Zhang, Jinqiu Liu, Ying Liu, Peter R Kowey, Yanli Zhang, Yue Chen, Yushan Wei, Lianjun Gao, Huihua Li, Jie Du, Yunlong Xia
BACKGROUND: Acquired long QT syndrome (ALQTS) has long been overlooked in clinical practice. Recent studies reported that severe ALQTS (QTc ≥500 ms) in hospitalized patients is associated with increased all-cause mortality. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the role of ALQTS in the clinical outcomes of hospitalized patients. METHODS: Electronic medical records were reviewed to identify severe ALQTS in hospitalized patients in a single study center from 9-1-2013 to 2-28-2014...
March 16, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321775/presence-and-extent-of-cardiac-computed-tomography-angiography-defined-coronary-artery-disease-in-patients-presenting-with-syncope
#19
S Altintas, T Dinh, N G H M Marcks, M Kok, A J J Aerts, B Weijs, Y Blaauw, J E Wildberger, M Das, B L J H Kietselaer, H J G M Crijns
BACKGROUND: In syncope patients, presence of coronary artery disease (CAD) is associated with poor prognosis. However, data concerning CAD prevalence in syncope patients without known cardiovascular disease are lacking. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate presence and extent of CAD in syncope patients. METHODS: We included 142 consecutive patients presenting with syncope at the outpatient cardiology clinic who underwent coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography...
March 20, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303324/short-qt-syndrome-in-pediatrics
#20
REVIEW
Roberta Pereira, Oscar Campuzano, Georgia Sarquella-Brugada, Sergi Cesar, Anna Iglesias, Josep Brugada, Fernando E S Cruz Filho, Ramon Brugada
Short QT syndrome is a malignant cardiac disease characterized by the presence of ventricular tachyarrhythmias leading to syncope and sudden cardiac death. Currently, international guidelines establish diagnostic criteria when QTc is below 340 ms. This entity is one of the main diseases responsible for sudden cardiac death in the pediatric population. In recent years, clinical, genetic and molecular advances in pathophysiological mechanisms related to short QT syndrome have improved diagnosis, risk stratification, and preventive measures...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
keyword
keyword
67134
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"